Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
February 24 - March 2, 2015

Confirmed: Chad Ancestry of the Royal Dunkeld Scots
The Pre-Norman Maceys of Scotland Part of King-Arthur Maccus-Up
Bull's Eye: Bill Clinton From Bolzano
Other Players on Both Sides of the Puster Valley Include the Dols

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. One of my goals at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes.

I still see the United States unwilling to remove ISIS. If the military were serious, we would not be reading this: "A US Central Command official said last week that an Iraqi and Kurdish military force of 20,000 to 25,000 troops is being prepared to recapture the city, probably in April or May." This comes from a Kurd article telling that Turkey is about to join the war for re-capturing Mosul. But if the U.S. Army were serious, it would not have given away part of the "game plan," especially not the size of the army and the date of attack. In fact, giving this information to the enemy is as good as killing and maiming some of your own people because it allows the other side to prepare for it. The U.S. wants ISIS to survive, and perhaps to thrive. governor claims Turkey to join anti-IS operation in Mosul

The official backtracked after Iraq and the Kurds called to blow steam into his face, and so he drummed up an excuse to change the date: "Now Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby has said the effort to retake Mosul, a city of one and a half million people, will not happen until Iraqi forces are ready." Could be anytime, he is now saying. Apparently, nothing is changing very fast.

The best way to assure ISIS the victory is for the Americans to train the Kurds, and thereby to be close enough to the war situation to learn their every next move, then to relay the information to the ISIS leadership. The West is constantly assessing its foothold in Iraq, and modifying the plan as needs be, for a better chance of success, for to oust Assad. Pure and simple, that is what is going on. Without ISIS, the Americans would be told to go home. The statement above made by the official is for public consumption.

Here's a story on some Benghazi leaks that you may not have been aware of; the article is dated a little more than a month ago. It makes Obama an international criminal. Stevens was himself guilty of gun running with the enemy, but if anyone should have died, it was Obama, Hillary, and Petraeus. They even used Qatar for the operation:

The point I take from the article is that Obama is still likely arming the enemy to change the Middle East, the same enemy that he claims to be fighting. That would be typical for Obama. He still has plenty of time to stir up some surprising events should God permit. The way I see things developing now, faked beheadings and faked terrorists are being publicized in major media for a gearing up of another attempt to intrude the Middle East. The world as a whole is the loser.

Here's another article dated days later:

"The war in Libya was a manufactured war produced in part by the influence the Muslim Brotherhood exerted on Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, with the Muslim Brotherhood penetrating her office through the influence of Huma Abedin, Clinton's longtime deputy chief of staff, who transferred to the State Department to serve as Clinton's aide," Lopez added.

There have been some disclosures from the Washington Post to the effect that Obama could have skirted the war in Libya, but that he chose instead to reinforce the Muslim Brotherhood and its allies...the obvious intention of which was to take all of north Africa, then the Middle East, by radical-Islam force. But "fate" would not. Obama, disgusting. Blood on his hands. What would his daughters think of him?

Here's what I think happened. Obama wanted to eradicate Stevens and others. He had 15-20 men in Benghazi to do the job, and he was communicating with them by phone, essentially all night long, in some undisclosed place, explaining why he didn't reveal where he was that night (if he made some disclosure since, I don't know it). The article below reveals that, instead of the reported 150-200 attackers, there were 15 or 20. The report of the higher figure is needed to give the impression of insurmountable danger so that the order to "stand down" seems justified. The fact is, the White House received word of 15 or 20 attackers; a half dozen American fighters, willing to fight and only about a mile or two away, could have handled that bunch due to being better armed and trained. But they were told to sit by their superiors. Obama had told the superiors not to send the men in, because he wanted Stevens and another man dead.

Obama had provided the traitor right inside the compound to do the dirty deed. It became obvious by his report that the two men got lost in the smoke and could not find their way out. Only he escaped, he said. The 15 or 20 attackers were told to make it look good, to start a fire, shoot some bullets, and maybe throw some grenades too. It was not their job to do the killing. Once Obama got word that the two men were dead, he directed his attackers to scram from the compound, mission accomplished. Here's from the article, look at the times:

On Sept. 11, 2012, at 4:07 p.m. EST, as the Benghazi attack was going on, Maria Sand, then a special assistant to Clinton, forwarded an email from the State Department' Operations Center titled, "U.S. Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi is Under Attack,"...

...Then, at 4:38 p.m. Eastern, State Department Foreign Service Officer Lawrence Randolph forwarded Mills, Sullivan and McManus an email from Scott Bultrowicz..."DSCC {Diplomatic Security Command Center} received a phone call from {REDACTED}] in Benghazi, Libya initially stating that 15 armed individuals were attacking the compound and trying to gain entrance...There are no injuries at this time and it is unknown what the intent of the attackers is. At approximately 1600 [4 pm] DSCC received word from Benghazi that individuals had entered the compound. At 1614 RSO advised the Libyans had set fire to various buildings in the area, possibly the building that houses the Ambassador [REDACTED] is responding and taking fire.

...4:54 p.m. EST: "Embassy Tripoli reports the firing at the U.S. Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi has stopped and the compound has been cleared. A response team is on site to locate COM personnel."

...6:06 p.m... EST. (Subject: "Update 2: Ansar al-Sharia Claims Responsibility for Benghazi Attack (SBU)" Embassy Tripoli reports the group claimed responsibility on Facebook and Twitter and call for an attack on Embassy Tripoli"

That last part probably wasn't part of the Obama plan. The point is, the attackers left the compound less than an hour after the initial attack. By that time, it was known by Obama that the two men (Stevens and his aide) were successfully eliminated. Had this not been an Obama plot, we need to ask why the attackers would leave without killing anyone. The attackers never saw the dead men, but rather they were found inside in the smoke, and they were then pulled out into a vehicle by the Americans. As I recall the storyline, the driver of the vehicle with the dea men floored it out of that compound while taking gunshot fire (like in the movies), as if that could happen in reality. Did the terrorists come merely to set a fire and cause a commotion? If they wanted to kill men, how did these Americans escape? Fifteen attackers inside of a small compound does not allow Americans to pull two out of the building (that takes time) and get away. We are not stupid. But the report had been that some 150 attackers were in there, and still the Americans got away. Let's not be dumb.

The major media can't tell you what I just did even if they know it. I am the writer as well as the CEO of tribwatch, not to mention the toilet cleaner. I am not in this to make money, as are the major media, meaning that I have nothing to lose by speaking my mind. I don't recall how many Americans were at the compound. Try to imagine 100 attackers in there, and lets assume there were seven or eight Americans to begin with. They were not all in the same building, we were told, but they all needed to get to the get-away vehicle, and this is while at least two of them went inside to pull the dead men out, and yet none of the Americans were caught or shot. Hello? How did the Americans get through all those attackers? But even if there were only 15 attackers, the half dozen or so Americans could not all leave their buildings into the open parking lot, or driveway, or whatever, without being seen, apprehended, or shot...if this were a real-attack event.

The only witness to what went on inside the compound with the ambassador and his aide was the killer. He stated that, one moment, the two men were right with him in the smoke, while they crawled on their knees out of the bathroom into a hallway. It could not have been very smoky, or they would have been coughing their guts out. But this witness implied that these two med stopped following him down the hallway, got separated and lost in the smoke, and died of smoke inhalation.

The people of this world need to be completely out of their minds to believe this concoction. The media was ordered not to stress that story because it's full of holes, and even the Republicans played along, knowing what really happened but avoided saying so. The Republicans are mush, like excrement. They with the Democrats specialize in acting out a script, if you understand me.

The bedroom(s) couldn't have been but a few feet from the bathroom door, and the ambassador knew the building well. Three men exited a bathroom cannot get lost in a hallway. You can't lose sight of the lead man in smoke if you're not coughing. The witness reported no coughing, no voices at all, which is a story he needs to stick to because the two couldn't have got lost if they were coughing or talking. You were expected to be stupid enough to believe that the two men said nothing, made no sounds, while they slipped away and separated from the lead man (the witness) . And that's why this story told me who the killer was.

The lead man was officially in charge (it was his responsibility) to lead the two men to safety. If they were coughing or talking while separating from the lead man, the lead man would have known it, but his testimony was such that, once he got to the bedroom window to open it, he slipped out and, then, b'gosh, the two weren't there. He heard nothing, saw nothing; the two men just vanished, a statement that reveals his guilt.

Not even WND touch's this story, and WND daily lies to you on this matter. WND is more concerned with making money than telling the truth. WND is attempting to become a world-class media outlet. It can't afford to tell you a story as I just told you, unless it wishes the business to fail in its tracks.

It's nearly midnight. You are in a bathroom with your fellow employee, and a third employee is your body guard. The bathroom door(s) is closed, the lights are either on or off, the bathroom window isn't helpful, and the room is building in smoke density. If the lights are off, neither you nor the body guard can see how smoky it is. But the body guard reported that it was getting too smoky so that they all had to leave. The lights must have been on. But wait, it would be dangerous, with the lights, to approach a window to check whether it can be used as an escape hatch. A body guard wouldn't do that unless he wants to eat bullets.

The body guard says, "It's going to be too smoky in here before long, we've got to get out. Let's get on our knees and make for a window." You understand clearly, and you do as he says. You're to follow his butt, and it's not smoky near the floor enough to make you cough. You are either in pitch darkness, or some lights are on. You only have two choices, to follow his butt, or not to follow. You can either see his butt or you can't. If you see him going to bedroom A and think that bedroom B would be better, what will you do? Will you go to bedroom B without telling your body guard? No, you will not do that. Therefore, it didn't happen that way. That is, the witness would have us believe that the lights were off, and that they were in pitch blackness, at least roughly, to make this story more credible.

You have just exited the bathroom in pitch darkness on all fours. Your body guard ahead of you can't see you either, and the third man is just as blind. What will you do, crawl without speaking a word? What will your body guard do, crawl without speaking a word? You are frightened, and full of extra energy due to adrenalin. What will you do, say nothing while following in the dark? Of course not.

Let's take another scenario where you are the body guard. The ambassador is following your butt down the hallway. Are you going to crawl to a bedroom door in no more than, say 10 seconds? How long would it take you to get to the bedroom window once you've reached the door? Are you not going to say anything to your ambassador as you enter a door in pitch darkness? Aren't you going to say something like, "Hey, a door, this way," so that they can hear where you are? If there is nothing to see by, will you not know enough to make sounds with your mouth so that they can follow? Of course you would. Would you enter the door without making sure they are entering too? If it's pitch black, and they are not making any sounds, why should you assume they are following?

You reach the bedroom window without hearing any sounds. If we say it took you two minutes to reach the window from the time you entered the bedroom door, and that you heard nothing in all of those two minutes, no one would believe you. Therefore, the witness will need to tell the story in such a way that he reached the window fairly quickly, but that backfires on him because less time to get to the window means less time for the two to get very far in another room. If you say it took you 10 seconds to get to the window, and then claim the other two got away from you, no one would believe you.

You reach sight of the window. You can see light outside. Aren't you going to say, "Hey, I can see the window, this way." Are you going to go to it in pitch black without saying a word??? Nobody's going to believe that.

When you stand up to open the window, will your ambassador and/or his aide not be expected to be standing with you, or saying something to discuss what danger might lie outside the window? Aren't you going to tell your ambassador what the plan will be from this point in making an exit and/or an escape? Are you going to open the window not realizing that the two men are gone? Are you going to open the window without saying a word?

The witness said that he got outside the window before realizing that the two were not there. No one's going to believe that story, which is why the media are not stressing or repeating it. The media is your enemy. The media knows that Obama killed the ambassador because the media knows that the witness' story pegs him as the murderer. But the media is protecting Obama, the murderer, and should therefore be your enemy.

Let's assume that it's too smoky in the bedroom to be talking. You are the body guard leading the men out, and you are trying to breath as little as possible, otherwise you will cough and gag. You are in agony by the time you reach the window, and you didn't have the time to turn around to assure that the two men were right behind you. You simply hoped that they would be following along. When you open the window, will you stick your head out for a fresh breath of air, and say to your ambassador, "screw you, I get the air first, and you just wait your turn."

That's why the witness cannot say that the bedroom was too smoky, for if it was that bad, he would have expected the other two to need fresh air too, but as he said he opened the window and crawled out without yet knowing that the other two were not there, the story is not believable under that scenario. It takes time to crawl out a window. You don't walk through it like a door. If the room were dangerously smoky, he would not crawl out until after the ambassador and the aid had some relief with fresh air.

Under no circumstances would he crawl out the window not first checking the condition or progress of the other two. The reason that he reported the story that way is for the significant time requirement in making credible their being lost in another room. Crawling out the window and checking the surroundings takes time. That was his story, afterwhich he supposedly went back inside (expected) looking for the men.

On the other hand, the longer the time duration, the more likely the ambassador would say something to the effect of, "Hey body guard, where are you." If we say that the body guard couldn't hear it from another bedroom, it ignores the ambassador's ability to speak louder the next time, and then yell, when no response came. But as the body guard heard nothing by the time he exited the window, he cannot say that significant time went by to that point. Can we imagine 30 seconds going by, in a fearful situation, without one of the two lost men (doubles the chances) saying, "Hey body guard, where are you."

If you're following his crawl, but can't hear his crawl anymore after five or six seconds, you will be sure to say, "hey, where are you," to assure that he doesn't get away without you. You are not going to wait 30 seconds through dead silence before speaking up.

The only way for this story to be credible is for all three men to be mentally retarded, drunk, or high on drugs. Fear can't explain it.

Chad Mystery Stars to Unleash

. On the last day of the last update, a section was inserted midway on St. Chad, the Catholic evangelist to Mercians. It was reasoned, and then largely discovered, that his family line was from Sadducees as well as Caiaphas himself. It was noted that he became a bishop near the end of life for Itte of Metz, important because she had linked to Mercians, and especially to Messeys/Messier's using the flag of Mercia. But that was two updates ago, before finding St. Chad. She had also been traced to queen Bebba of Bamburgh, the Bernicians. While discussing the Chad topic, Itte was not stressed, and it was only after tracing the Chads to Aide's that the St. Chad's article was returned to, to find that he was a pupil of Aide-like Aidan of Lindisfarne (northeast England, Bernician territory). It can mean that the Levi-beloved Aide's, first found in Berwickshire (i.e. where Bernicians had a location) may have been the Aidhne bloodline. Therefore, I'm sticking to my claim that Bernicians are from Alexander Berenicianus Maccabee, of the family that provided Quadratilla, wife of Laevillus suspect in the Levi bloodline. This section explains much to these effects.

You might want to keep in mind that "Chad" is related to "Quad."

Aidan was himself a partner with Columba, wherefore let's show that the Columba surname (Genoa) uses a fat cross in the colors of the similar saltire of the Mercian flag. Genoa is where the Segni's/Segurana's were first found that were a branch of Seagars, first found in the same place as Chads. As Segni's were Valentinian liners, it begs a St. Chad trace back to emperor Valentinian and/or his wife Justine, and it just so happens that Valentins were first found in Vicenza, about 15 miles from Schio.

It wasn't until after putting out the last update that this was found:
"Allying himself with the pious king [Oswald], Aidan chose the island of Lindisfarne, which was close to the royal castle at Bamburgh, as the seat of his diocese." What a remarkable coincidence.

I had the birth of Bebba of Bamburgh pegged at 550 at the earliest, meaning that at least part of her life was concurrent with Aidan's. Both he and Chad are made to look feminine at their Wikipedia articles, and then Aidan's crown is given a red potent cross, the symbol of the Chad surname. It begs whether that cross, later to be the flag of Templar Jerusalem, was in existence prior to St. Chad. If you read the Pinch topic immediately before the introduction of St Chad, you'll know why I traced his line from Cuppae to the Panico's (Setta valley, Bologna), the problem being that I don't know the timing of that line to northern Italy. The point is, I traced the potent-cross Skits and Skeets' to Schio in the Trento theater, and besides, Lichfield, where St. Chad operated, is near the Trent river while the Chad Shield (Norfolk) is split horizontally in the colors of the same of the Trents. This split Shield is also to be linked to the Arms of Sion, and therefore to Godfrey de Bouillon (chief / founder of the Priory of Sion...that some say didn't exist but why should we believe them?), the one to whom the Templar flag of Jerusalem belonged.

Therefore, we now have what has been a secret to me, a trace from the bloodlines of Aidan and Chads to the Sadducee-suspect Templars. We shouldn't assume that the Chad line to the Bouillons was a holy-to-God thing even if Chad was himself a Spirit-led one.

As Skits are shown properly as "Skeoch," here's the Scaggs'/Skecks (Huntingdon) with what looks like a version of the German Brenner Coat. The Brenner Pass is to the side of Trentino-Alto. The waters flowing through the Pass flow down to Schio.

Aidan, "apostle to Northumbia," could explain the COPEland location of that area, as it derives from Cuppae. The latter was near the Pek river, and as I always link Cuppae with the Pek liners, by what coincidence does the Chad Coat share white-on-red patee crosses with Peks??? NO COINCIDENCE.

In the last update, an amazing thing: FIVE red-on-white chevrons in the Arms of Lichfield. Here's a repeat:

Next, look at the motto of the city of Lichfield, what one could expect if Lichfields knew they were from Caiaphas: "'Salve, magna parens' (Hail great parent)". The Arms of Lichfield share the red chevron with five-themed Quints, and the Arms even uses a rare design: FIVE red chevrons!

Lichfield is in Staffordshire, and then Staffs are the ones under code in the "stave" code, and we just read (it was my first time) that the potent cross was originally a stave = crutch! What an amazing coincidence that these two topics have come back-to-back here...

Staffs/Staffords use the red chevron in both colors of the Quint chevron...

BUT, NOW, the Lichfield chevrons are in the colors of the Pek chevrons. If you were to go back and read the reasons for my trace of Pek-river liners to the potent-using Skits and Scheds, you would have no reason to believe it as a fact, nor would you have reason to believe as a fact that Skits and Scheds were Sadducee liners, yet I maintained both claims as facts, wrote about them as did I know? I hadn't even known as yet about the Chad potent cross, but when that discovery came along, it became undeniable that Sadducees were involved.

It now appears clinched that Pek, Panico, and Cuppae liners were at the Aidan-Chad team, and this can explain why Aidan was from a monastery (Iona, north-west Scotland) founded by a missionary named, Columba. As canton-using Copelands (first found in Northumberland) use a version of the Canton and Washington Coat, by what coincidence is Washington DC called, District of Columbia? Where did they get that name? Why should the U.S. capital go by Columbia? Could the Wassa and Washington Coats be a version of the Pek chevron? Washingtons are in Chaddock and Chadwick colors and first found in the same place (Lancashire).

It's now clear to me that peoples way over in Moesia's Pek / Pincum theater were in Ireland / Scotland by 600 AD. What tracks did they take, and how much earlier did they leave Moesia? Some of them were the proto-Templars even, and while Hugh de Payens' surname traces well to Paeonians, the latter were near Cuppae, city of doves. See the dove-using Page's, for it can make one believe that Payen liners (probably proto-Payens/Pagans) named the Pek. The Pek river is not shown, but it has a mouth at Pincum (shown on the Ister river) at the dead-center of this map:

The Paeonians are important in the crutch / stave/staff symbol because it traces to Stafford, some 15 miles from LICHfield. Staffs/Staffords were traced (years before this discussion) with Stubbs and Stubbings to Stobi, a Paeonian city shown on the map to the near-east of lake LYCHnidus, itself on the Cavii frontier. The Cavii, on the map below, is where the namers of Alba (Scotland) and Scotland derive. That tells us something concerning the tracks likely taken by the Pek-river bunch. Smack in the land of the Cavii, a Puke area to which I traced the Pek liners, for this gets the Cuppae liners to the Cavii in time for them to birth Quintus Caepio. Some 1,200 years later, Hugh de Payens married Caepio's descendant, right?

My hunch was that Cavii named the Sava river, though the Shawia Numidians may have had something to do with it, whom I trace to the Maezaei on the Sava. The Maezaei are also on the Urbanus while Massena's and Urbans share Zionists stars in the colors of the same of Payens. Metz's, who share patee crosses with Massena's, are traced in their write-up to what looks like a "Messer" code for Messier's/Messeys, and so the large besant of Metz's, fashioned as a Catholic ORB, is now discovered likely as code for URBan(us) liners. The Urban surname was first found in Austria, which borders the upper Sava and Trento theaters.

The Drava river, running fairly parallel with the Sava, has a source in the Puster valley area of Italy, and the Puster surname was found listed in the last update with Capone-suspect Pistols (same place as Quints) who, like the Staffs, share the Quint chevron in both colors. On the same part of the Drava river, just before it enters Austria, there is an Innichen location, beside a Sexten location, and this discovers the origins of the Ince's, Inch's and Sextons/Saxons/Septons because all three use black bendlets apart from a bend. Besides, the highest source of the Drava is smack beside the EiSACK river. It's new to me, and I get it.

The Sextens/Saxons (Lancashire again), are using "chaplets," while Chaplets use FIVE (count 'em) black-on-gold swans in the colors of the Joseph swan, which is no longer showing since it was substituted with a martlet in the same colors.

The Arms of Innichen shares a white tower with Gards, and the front of the tower has a crowned Moor head. I recall seeing it on the Arms of the previous pope, Benedict, along with a saddled bear. The Gards are from nearby Garda, about 30-35 miles from Schio, which can begin to indicate that the Aidan / Chad duo had potent-related bloodlines tracing to the lake Gardia theater, and of course the Skits / Skeets' and Scheds are all suspect in that trace. The blue lion of Scaggs'/Skecks is suspect with Caiaphas himself. The Gards are kin to Pulleys/Pulchers, and the latter use the Joseph martlet in both colors, this being all very good for tracing Caiaphas to the Bolzano / Trento area of Italy. But why? Why did his descendants end up there?

Here's a quote from Wikipedia's Columba article; "Columba was born to Fedlimid and Eithne of the Cenel Conaill in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, in modern County Donegal, in Ireland. On his father's side, he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish high king of the 5th century." A GARTan location, hum? GARTENs/Gardeners use the Capes scallop and the Kaplan Shield, what a coincidence. But the Capes' scallops are also those of Happs/ABBS' that use the Arms of Austria and the Arms, therefore, of HABSburgs (of Austria). It looks like Caiaphas liners are tracing by this other method to the Italy-Austria border Tyrol. The scallops trace to Scylla, beside Patti, where the patee crosses trace.

The Happs/Abbs' even use lozenges in the colors of the Patent lozengy! If that's not enough, the Patents (Lancaster again) use the motto of Pulleys/Pullens, which includes "CULPa" now gleaned as code for the Colps/Cope's at Colp! It's amazing how many things are to be discovered once on the right track. As Colp is in Aberdeenshire, where Leslie's were first found, it explains why Patents use the Leslie griffin head.

Look at Columba's mother, EITHNE, a term like Aidhne that was started in the 3rd update of last month, when traced and eventually clinched to Aide's, and here we find Aidan, an evangelist pupil of Columba.

Are you impressed? You aidn't seen nothing yet. With these keys, we can detonate the nuclear bomb of Templarism, exploding their secrets to schytherines. Some claim that Jesuits were the real Illuminatists, but something tells me that they traced themselves to the religious orders of the Aidan / Chad bunch. I'm not judging either man, for I don't know what was in their hearts, but parts of their families, pagan sides even, may be honored by the non-religious lines from Crusaders to Freemasons.

The Sillian location near Innichen and Sexten is inside Austria, in the Tyrol area where I traced Turano-river families, especially to Thors/Thorns of Tyrol. Moreover, I traced Rieti elements at the mouth of the Salto, on the Turano, to the namers of the Rhaetian mountains on the north side of Bolzano and into INNSbruck, now suspect from the namers of Innichen. Therefore, when I see the Silly surname, said to be from "saelig - HAPPy," it looks like code for the Sillian-related Happs/ABBS, especially as the latter are suspect with the Arms of Austria / HABSburgs while Sillian is just inside Austria. I would therefore consider (carefully, not too fast) identifying Sillys/Sullys from Salyes-Ligurian stock at the Salto, or even from the proto-Salyes that named the Salto.

As BLYTHe's are traced to "happy" too, note the similarity with "BOLZano," and that the Blythe's use gold garbs on a red-on-white fesse, matching the gold star on the red-on-white fesse of Bolzano!!! Zowie.

As Sillys were first found in the same place as Ash's/Esse's, they must be sharing the triple chevron (colors reversed) of German Ash's/Aschs. Sillys happen to share the three chevrons in the Arms of Letchworth, there is good reason for tracing Sillys to at least a merger with Has liners expected in the Ash's/Esse's. Has is on the Drilon river flowing from Lychnidus. There's going to be much on Berwickshire in this section, and so let's show how pelican-using Lucks (Berwickshire) come up as Licks. We can't divorce Penestae on the Drilon with the Arthurian and Sadducee elements of Berwickshire. There is a reason as to why Scottish Licks/Locks (Peebles-shire, between Berwick and Lanark) use the swan design showing until recently for French Josephs. My tendency at this time is to view Drilon / Cavii elements as the proto-Sadducees while tracing Sadducee-proper descendants to the Trento theater.

From the last update: "We have a big story here, with St. Chad now tracing to Sadducees. As Lichfields are also LITCHfields, one can ask why the Arms of LETCHworth use white roses on a purple Chief while Paisleys, who trace to purple-Shielded Pace's/Paice's, use white roses on blue..." My atlas has not one Letch____ location in all of Europe. There is a Letchworth surname ("sibi" motto term) sharing the white-on-red wings of Glass' so as to make Letchworths traceable to Klausen, for the wings are in the colors of the Fortuna talbot (see Lady Fortune in the last update for definite links to Klausen). IN FACT, the "alteri" motto term of Letchworths goes to Alters/Colters, first found in Lanarkshire i.e. beside GLASgow, and Alters/Colters are even sharing the Glasgow chevron! Therefore, it appears correct to trace the Letchworth roses to Paisley. (See last update on why Glasgows connect to Lady Fortune in the Klassen/Class Coat.)

The Glasgow / Alter chevron can be the chevron of Scottish Brenners, first found to the near-west of Glasgow.

I hadn't checked the Letchworth surname in the last update; it shares a solid chevron (different colors) as well as the gold leopard head with Lichfields/Letchfields. It just so happens that while I traced Supers/SOPERS to "InSUBRES," the peoples to which I trace Innis' and Inch's, the village of Letchworth is said to have been "held by Godwin of SOUBERie (Soulbury)..." That was in Saxon times i.e. before the Norman invasion, but after the invasion, Letchworth was "owned by Robert Gernon", the moustache line that included le-Meschin's son as well as Eustace II. It just so happens that Polish Sobeks/Sobieski's use a purple symbol, on a red Shield like the LEAVES of the SOBERS/Zobichs. Insubres were founders of Milan and were thereby connectable to the neighboring Laevi.

The Letchworth perchevron is colors reversed from the same of Aesons/Essons with an Aison variation (much like "Aiton"), tending to suggest that Aesons are Ash/Esse liners (i.e. that are suspect in the Arms-of-Letchworth triple chevrons). I tend to ignore the Aeson write-ups derivation, but do trace Aesons to Heths/Heaths (suspect as MacHeths of Moray, sometimes said to be of the Aoidh liners...who I do not trace to "Hugh"). Knowing now that Letchworth was owned by Gernons, it's a no brainer that the two Aeson lions are the two Gernon lions (colors reversed). As Aesons were first found in Angus, and likely using the Angus lion, it might require a trace of the Angus and Fife lions to the Gernons.

The "sibi" motto term of Letchworths goes with the same of Vince's to VINKovci = CIBalae, and then the Wings/Winks, suspect with "Inch / Ince," are using billets in colors reversed from the NINE Super/Soper billets. The ancient Incerum location, shown down the Drava (from Sillian), and in the ball park of 80 miles from Cibalae (shown), could therefore go to the Winger surname, making it seem as though Incerum elements re-named Cibalae as Vinkovci.

Supers/Sopers were even first found in the same place as Sillys/Sullys, and are in Ash/Esse colors, suggesting Insubres liners at Letchworth and Lichfield. This is very conducive to the Sadducee picture with the family lines of Aidan and St. Chad. The Letchworth Crest: "A leopard's face in front of three ears of wheat [Saddock symbol!], between two silver WINGs [the Glass wings] each charged with a red rose." The ears of wheat coning out of the leopards head is reflective of the fleur-de-lys coming from the leopard head of Levi-beloved Aide's, suggesting the Insubres link to Laevi that I've acknowledged.

Now for the biggie revelation, for while Sobeks and Sobers both use red Shields, the Sober leaves are in the colors of the Q-like "scarf" of Trabys/SADOWski's. The 'Q' (Chaddock / Chadwick colors) has become suspect with the line of Quintus Caepio because SADOWski's are suspect as a Sadducee line. Now just look at the '0' (on a red Shield), the only symbol, on the Arms of Sillian, and see how it reflects the Traby 'Q', for Sillian is on the Traby-suspect Drava river. Compare also with the Sobek buckle.

The Drava has a source right at Brixen/Bressanone, the Bruce line using the blue Caepio-line lion. Brixen is near Bolzano, where I trace Ardens, the English branch of which has a fesse with symbols in the colors of the same of the Arms of Bolzano. That's not a big deal in itself. The French Arden Chief has stars in colors reversed from the star on the Bolzano fesse. This is being repeated because "Aden" was just entered seeking Aidhne liners, and that got the French Ardens. English Ardens use the thick cross of Eustace's in the same, red color, important because the family of Eustace II traced to Bolzano.

It's convincing that the Adens/Ardens are indeed Aidhne liners because the Aoidh aspects of Mackays had looked like such, and the Mackays, I see, share a gold-on-blue fesse with Adens/Ardens. Moreover, while Mackays were first found in Sutherland, the Arden stars are colors reversed from the Sutherland stars (their only symbol). It therefore appears that one can trace Ardens/Adens to the Arthurs of Berwickshire, where the Mackay bears trace, and therefore identify Adens with "Ade/Aide" and the Aitons/Artems...suggesting the Ardens were the Artems. How about that.

There is then a question on whether "Ade" is purely from "Arden," and on that one I would argue, no. I would trace "Ade" to "Quade," noting that the Quade wolf heads and the Berwick bear heads are in the colors of the Aide leopard heads. I would then view Ardens either as a form of "Ade," or a merger with the Ade line of Adens. I prefer an Artemidoros merger with Quadratus liners, you see, with families from both sides merging afterward for centuries even into Britain.

Once the Qewe > Quadratus line to Quade's formed the Adens, they could have named such things as the Eden river, Edinburgh, and the Eatons. It just so happens that Aide's use the black leopard face's of Eaton-like Keatons. The Eaton quarters are in the colors of the same of Drove's coming up as "Drave." In this discussion, it seems that Drave's -- same place as Chaplins/Kaplans and Josephs -- should trace to the Drava river. This could be a very big paragraph for tracing the line of Caiaphas, suspect with the ancestry of Quadratilla's children, to Eatons, who use a VINCit motto term shared by Chives-related Shaws who moreover use "QUI".

Chapells share a chaplet with Saxons/Sextens, but don't call it a chaplet. Saxons (the surname or the peoples) became suspect with a Saka peoples that possibly named the Sakarya, thus making a trace of Artemidoros' family (known to be at Pessinus upon the Sakarya) to the Brenner-Pass area.

Chapells (not to be confused with Chaplins or Chaplets) were found in the last update to be kin of Cavii-suspect Taylards, and the latter look like they use a version of the Eaton cross (quarters and all), in colors reversed from the Chives quarters. Later (hopefully in this update), you'll see why the Keaton leopards are very linkable to the Chives cats (in the colors of the Taylor lions) thanks to the Keates'.

After the discussion above, I got around to checking the Colman surname again, as per "Guaire Aidhne the Hospitable, son of Colman... It floored me to see that the white cross of Colmans (Taylard colors) is that of Taylards, for it links the Aidhne entity to Eatons quite hard, and so let's not forget that the Aidhne entered this discussion at Columba's mother, EITHNE. Recalling the trace of his Catholic bunch to the Colapis = Kupa, that's where Cole's trace so that "Colman" actually looks like code rather than an historical person. The Colman write-up traces to "columba = dove," but this is likely incorrect yet code for a Cole-line merger with the line from Columba. English Colmans are traced to St. Columban of Ireland, tending to clinch the line of Gaire Aidhne with that from Columba. Wikipedia gives the dates of 521 - 597 for Columba of Iona, while the Colman write-up gives the dates of c.540-615 for its Columban missionary. Were there two Columba missionaries? What kind of Christianity did they teach? Was it king / pope centered for political / money causes? (Anytime the popes converted entire nations, more money flowed in.)

The Kyle-Society webpage (not sure if it's still there) traced black lozenges (used by Patents, for example) to pieces of "coal." That was taken by me as garbage = code for the Cole's to which that website traced Kyle's. We thus have another trace of the potent-depicted bloodline of Aidan and St. Chad to the Kupa river, and tending to clinch the trace of Kupa to Cuppae, city of doves. I am wholly amazed by these things just because such traces can be made reliably.

The Kyle "candlesticks" may be code for the Cantelmos surname:

This family descended from Everard, youngest son of Duncan king of Scotland, the ancestor of the Stuard royal family. The name Cantelmo, from one of their fiefdoms, was then used instead of their original Stuard name. The descendency was recognized by Charles II of England [= a Stewart king] in 1683 and by king Charles of Spain in a document of 1688.

...In 1607 the Cantelmo family was accepted in the Order of the Knights of Malta. Giuseppe, Prince of Pettorano and Duke of Popoli, was the last member of the hereditary line; he died in 1749 leaving two daughters: the first born married into the Tocco family, the princes of Acaia and Montemiletto, who from then changed their surname to Tocco Cantelmo Stuard.

This recalls that "GUAIRE Aidhne the Hospitable, son of Colman... was taken (by me) as code for the Hospitallers, and therefore I traced the code to GUERIN/GARIN of Provence, whose family is said (in the Guerin write-up) to be of a Jerusalem-Templar Order by the name of St. John. Looking into it further (3rd update in January), the Guerin Order traced to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem = Knights Hospitallers and therefore to the Knights of Malta.

Suttons are said to have been at Sutton, neat TUXford, and then Italian Tocco's (winged horse, Gorgon line), looking like they use the bars of Tokers (sea horse), share a "fata" motto term with Cheneys, first found in the same place (Buckinghamshire) as Colmans ("blackd GORGed" grayhound head). There are chains in the Arms of Dudley that should be code for Chaine's/Chenays. The Colman grayhound has a ring on its collar, while Rings, from the dukes of Normandy, are in both Kyle colors and that of the blackd Colman grayhound. The Arms of Dudley have an anchor like that of Kyle's.

The caltrop is a symbol used by Kerricks (upside-down version of the Lichfield Coat) whom I traced to Prestwick, beside Kyle of Ayrshire. But that trace was years before coming across the "caltrap" (same design) used by English Colmans. This tends to make it very clear that the Patent (and Schole/Scayle) lozenges trace from the Aidan missionary (or at least his family) to the Kyle's from the Colapis. There are TRABy / TROPoje suspects in the caltrop versus caltrap, and Trabys were, in my still-standing opinion, kin of Stocks/Stoke's/Stokelys (DOVE with leaf) and Stake's. Buy I tended to link the latter two to Sticks because I traced all three to "Astikas', but that trace was made apart from the Kyle candleSTICKs.

As Kyle's share the star of Melusine-using Glass', it's notable that the Letchworth wings are the Jewish-Glass wings while Prestwicks use Lady-Fortune-suspect Melusine in the colors of the Fortuna talbot. We already saw Letchworths trace with Glass' to the Clausula river i.e. with a source very near Tropoje. As the Clausula is the location of Kupa-related Cupionich, doesn't it tells of migration between the Cupionich and the Kupa? You'll see later why Letchworths are Alans, who lived at Glasgow. Kyle's had a castle near Cummock, we may read, and that was near the Kilpatrick castle

The Colman write-up has the audacity to trace to "down" or "feathers," pure code for Ayer-related Feathers honored in the feathers of the Light/Lite surname as per the "lighter" motto term of Ayers. Constant lies from your Masonic "friends," who pretend to be your good teachers.

Here's the Arms of Stoke-on-Trent, with a camel and a cross in the colors of the same in the Arms of Colchester (formerly CAMULOdunum). That picture too traces to the Colapis. The Colchester cross is RAGully, now suspect with Raggs sharing this Rangel fleur.

The caltrop is used as a "star" in the Coat of Rangabe-related Rangels/Wrangels/Wrangens, first found in the same place as Hazel-related Dussel(dorf)s that trace to Has, once again near the Clausula but now in what was a central-Cavii domain at modern Puke. The Rangel Coat above compares not-bad to the Lichfield Shield, important because LICHfields can trace to lake LYCHnidus upstream from Has. As Penestae is between Has and that lake, it's now conspicuous that the Lichfield chevron is in the colors of the Pendragon chevron.

Here's from the 3rd update of December, 2011, where the Chad surname was only touched upon:

Just found, the Stockleys/Stucklys/Stokelys, first found in Staffordshire (where Stoke is located). The write-up: "First found in Staffordshire where they were conjecturally descended from two Norman nobles, brothers in arms, named Rafwin and Alwin [Saxons?), who were under tenants of the Bishop of Chester at Yoxall in that shire."

The same men found in the Stockley/Stokely write-up are found here: "In 1086 Yoxall belonged to the Bishop of Chester's manor of Lichfield, and contained land for four ploughs, held from the bishop by Rawn and Alwine." It doesn't tell why these two men became Stokeleys, however.

Lichfield happens to be about 25-30 miles from Stoke-on-Trent, while Stafford is half that distance to Stoke-on-Trent, all three locations essentially on that Trent river...suspect with Trento's proto-Saxons (or were they Italians?) and others. Stoke-on-Trent is about 25-30 miles from Chester = Diva.

I have no idea why, for the longest time while stressing the Trabys, I didn't know that the Traby/Sadowski 'Q' was a "scarf." Why wouldn't I have checked the Traby description, where it's called a scarf? Was the description not up yet at the time? It was probably only within the last 10 months that the scarf was discovered. In the December update above (2011), I called it a knot for this reason:

The Dudley-Arms write-up goes on to say: "The crest is mainly taken from the Sedgley and Cseley arms...The Stafford knot refers to Staffordshire." Isn't it excellent for our purposes that Saddocks are shown properly as Sedgwicks? Isn't it excellent that Sutton is on the same river as Stoke-on-Trent while that latter city is in Staffordshire? Isn't it excellent that Traby/SANDowskis use a knot too, and the Suttons were first found in NOTTinghamshire?

I knew nothing on St. Chad at the time, and the Chad Coat was new to me at that time. The Suttons (same motto as Manners/Maness') are said to be related to Dudleys; the Dudley Arms have male angels looking like women, the theme seemingly in play in the images of St. Chad and Aidan (at their Wikipedia article). The Suttons (two-tailed lion) share the green-on-gold lion with Tracks/Triggs, suspect from the Terek river of Alania, and then the Crest of Chapells has a green lion too while the Chapell Coat and scallops are in the colors of the lozenges used by Sutton-possible Settle's/Settels, which lozenges are in the Star Coat for a Star-Terek combination. Lozenges trace to Losinj, not far off-shore of the Colapis theater, right? The Losinj area was home to COLchians that may or may not apply to "Colapis."

Settle's, first found in the same place (Lancashire) as Chaddocks / Chadwicks, became suspect as a Sadducee lines. One can link the lozenges of Settle's -- at the Ribble river, suspect with Barney Rubble -- to the Flint "flint stones" (once showed as diamond / lozenge shapes) as per Flintshire, next to the Ribble river. The Stars share the Flint chevron and estoile.

Ask whether the Chapell "wreath" is linkable to the '0' in the Arms of Sillian on the Drava.

As Stubbings are suspect with Stubbs as Staff(ord) liners, it doesn't escape me that Staffs share the Quint chevron while Stubbings were first found in the same place as Quints. For me, this is the same family merger as when Hugh de Payens (Paeonian) married Elizabeth Chappes. The Stubb motto shares "arma" with Gone's/Gowans/Covens suspect with Lichfield and Coventry.

The write-up for the Arms of Dudley says: "...the salamander in the base is taken from the old Dudley arms. It symbolises the metal working industry. The fired beacons held by the lions are taken from the arms of Coseley and Brierley Hill and allude to local industries." This is garbage to without the secrets. You will find typical garbage like this in many city Arms, where symbols are traced to various local industries (sometimes that's true, but not always). Are we to believe that the salamander in-flames was adopted by Douglas', Sagans and Julians when it was merely in honor of the "working industry" of merely Dudley??? The lions holding the beacons, likely code for Bacons/Beacons, are in the colors of the Sutton lion, and both Suttons and the Arms of Dudley use a blue lion in Crest suspect with the Caepio bloodline...that's found in the blue lion of neighboring Macclesfields.

The Masonic character holding a "closed book" in the Arms of Dudley traces to the book of Reeds who share a "copia" motto term with the Arms of Macclesfield. I once argued that the gonfanon "banner" was in reality a Masonic apron, and so see the apron on the character above, for it looks somewhat like a gonfanon banner too, which I've seen hanging down rather than horizontally like a flag. If this is correct, it would trace Dudleys to Montforts, not a wild idea because Suttons share the two-tailed lion with Montforts, as well as with Stoke's (while Stake's have the same lion in both colors of the Montfort lion). Stoke's are the ones with a "FORTIS qui INSons motto that traced to FORTEZZA, beside Klausen. Lady Fortuna holds a banner, what the MontFORT gonfanon (owned by Montforts) is said to be (may not have been originally).

The gonfanon- and COVENtry-suspect Gone's/Gowans/Covans use Sutton colors too, and Sutton is, like Stoke, on the Trent that traces to the Trentino-Alto area (north of Trento), roughly the location of Klausen and Fortezza. We saw Suttons linking to Flintstone elements, and as they are code for Flanders and Flemings too, note that Douglas' are Flemings. The Letchworths honor the Colters of Lanarkshire, where the Flemish Biggars lived that are now known to be of the Melissena Khazars.

The pears in the Dudley Arms are "SLIPped and LEAVEd" for linkage to Islips/Haslips and the "I zal" motto phrase of Manner-related Mens/Mengzes'. The Manners/Manders (same motto as Suttons) are the ones with the "Pour y" motto phrase suspect with Pury's (version of the Tassel Coat?) first found in the same place (Oxfordshire) as Pears/Purls using a version of the pear-using Abbott Coat. It reminds me of the trace of Oxfordshire's Amore's to the Leavells.

Dudley the location, not far east from Macclesfield, was a Saxon entity held by some Laevi-like names. Wikipedia had the rulers at Dudley going only as far back as LEOFwine (Levine/Levi surname?) of Hwicce, what I gather was the same as "Gewisse," beside Wessex. His son, LEOFric, is in an image (Wikipedia) with what looks like besants, and it just so happens that this family was ruling in Mercia...i.e. which I see as centered on Messeys/Messier's at some point. The Leaf/Leve/Leaves surname uses another dove, and then we find: "Leofric (died 31 August or 30 September 1057) was the Earl of Mercia. He founded monasteries at Coventry and Much Wenlock." That could make it feasible for a Leofric trace back to Sadducee-suspect St. Chad, etc.

In the image with Leofric is king Edward (not the Norman king Edward), which is partly in the colors of the Edward surname. Edwards were first found in the same place (Wiltshire) as besant-using Yorks who moreover use a "cupias," motto term. It looks like we are on a Caiaphas' bloodline here, and the Yorks had figured into the blue Cappeo lion that was predicted to trace to Caiaphas. It really looks like the Caepio-line lion in the Dudley and Macclesfield Crest. The blue lion in the Dudley Crest can be the Massin/Mason lion if you check the identical lion of Dudleys at houseofnames. The York saltire is predicted to be the Cooper/Copper saltire, itself in colors reversed to the Messey/Messier saltire.

Down the Adige to Proto-Merovingians

I had known from some years ago that Edwards are using a version of the Macey Coat, but figured at that time that they traced to the Norman king Edward (and perhaps they do), but here it seems that they go to the Saxon Edward. I am tracing his Aetheling family to the Adige river now, because I see the Edgar surname going there. This is not a wild idea, for Saxons had traced to the Eisach tributary of the Adige, while the Edward write-up gives another lie and code (exceptionally helpful) by deriving "Edward" in "prosperity-guard," obvious code for the Gards using the Edward chevron. But then Gards trace to lake Garda while the Adige passes along that lake!! Thank you, loud-mouth heraldry.

South Tyrol is also "Adige Alta" to Italians, and then the Adge/Edge Coat has an eagle reflective of the flag of South Tyrol. The Adge/Edge eagle can be construed as colors reversed from the South-Tyrol eagle. The flag is split in red-and-white, colors of the split-Trent Shield. The Egg variation of Adge's suggests Eggs/Eggers/Eggeners (Austria) sharing a diagonally-split Shield with the Arms of Lienz (beside Sillian). However, "EGGENer" suggests EUGANeo, beside Este, and therefore near the lower Adige river. That's not a red rose in the Arms because it has four petals. If that's a purple Shield, and I think it is, then the lion can trace to purple-suspect Kybele, and the four-sectioned flower to Quadratilla, for the barry (six bars) in the Arms of Lienz could be related to the Leavell barry (six bars), especially as Trents were first found in the same place as Leavells.

I'm keeping in mind that while I'm allowing a trace east-to-west, from the Galatians to Tyrol in Christian times, there was, in my opinion, a migration in pre-Christian times, in the other direction, from northern Italy to Asia / Syria / Lebanon, of the original Maccabee priesthood. It's possible, though I don't know how one can prove it, that the proto-Maccabees had some branches in Tyrol in pre-Christian times, thus explaining later migrations to there. At the Lienz page, there are arrows to seven neighboring locations, with others using purple, and even a green dragon in Gaimberg, between Lienz and Thurn /a>. The latter is IMPORTANT, for this is in Tyrol, where Thors/THORNS were first found, and then the red-on-white tower as the Arms of Thurn is used by English Thors/Tours. There should therefore be other Tyrol elements at Devon, but, the point is, Leavells were first found beside Devon. To the other side of Devon is Cornwall, where Trists were first found that can now trace feasibly to Tristach, on the south side of Lienz.

The green Gaimberg dragon can be Melusine-important because the Arms of Nußdorf-Debant, on the east side of Lienz, has a woman dressed in purple and near-scarlet while holding a mirror. Melusine is the dragon woman, and she's in green. There is no Gaim surname coming up, but Game's/Cams use the bars of English Babels/Babbwells while German Babels use Melusine.

The Lienz locations are so close to Sillian that we've got to repeat on the purple Chief in the Arms of Letchworth, for under that Chief are the three chevrons in the colors of the same of Sillys/Sullys. That seems to be sinking some Sparti teeth into the Silly trace to Sillian. In fact, Spartans, from the Ares dragon, lived beside the Ladon river, which itself had been given a dragon symbol. Trists share the white rose with Letchworths. Trists are honored by rose-using Hebrons, and then the Ares dragon was also mythical Ogyges, from king Og (says me) on the west side of Jerusalem, facing Hebron. Ogyges ruled at Acte, which was proto-Athens, and then Keturah of Hebron traced to Kodros of Athens, a mythical king that was given a fish symbol, wherefore see the Trist Crest: "A falcon holding in its mouth a fish."

The Arms of Tristach is a lion holding a SICKLE, what could actually be the symbol of Sillian's namers. Look at the colors (red and black) and 0-like shape of the weaver's shuttle in the Keep Crest, for while that's like the '0' as the only symbol in the Arms of Sillian, the Keeps are honored in the "Keep tryst" motto of Hebrons. I have been linking the Hebrons/Hepburns of CHILLingham to Chills/Childs for years, and then the latter are using the Tarent Coat in colors reversed, while Trentino-Alto is an area to the immediate west of Puster valley cutting across Sillian to Lienz.

I have been tracing Chills/Childs to the first king of Merovingians, CHILDeric, whose wife (Basina) was from Thurn-like Thuringia. Reminder: proto-Merovingians were at the lower end of the Adige, near or at Este, while Weavers (look like Weirs / Were's of the Bewere kind) use an "Esto FIDELis" motto for both Este and Welf liners.

I had recently said that the Adige pours into lake Garda, but it only looked that way on my atlas when one gives it a quick look. It actually skirts the lake and flows way down into the Padova theater to the near-south of Este. The Trent motto, "Augeo," looks like it can be for either Euganeo or Egg elements.

The colors used behind the Adge/Egge eagle are in the colors of the egg-shaped '0' that alone acts as the Arms of Sillian.

The upper half of the Lienz Arms is blue (or is it purple?), like the top half of the Egg/Eggenner Coat, and the latter's blue side is in Este colors, important because the Este symbol is, like the Adge and flag above, a spread eagle. The Este eagle is even in the white color of the Adge eagle. The Este-related Welfs could be in the Welf/Wolf surname, first found in the same place (Cheshire) as Adge's. I don't take this paragraph lightly.

Here's from the last update: "Toblach, a location in the Puster valley. It soon struck me that this could be of the Table/Tapley surname while recalling that Rounds have a Coat similar to that of Reins'..." Never mind the rest on Arthur's "round table," the point here is that Sillian is in the Puster valley too ("Sillian is the centre of the East Tyrolean 'HochPUSTERtal'") while blue roundels are shared between Table's/Tapleys, Arthurs, and Eggs/Eggeners! There was no round table, was there, and no gentlemanly knights either, right? This is a good place to remind that I traced "Bedivere," one of those round-table knights, to a Bedewe entity as the naming of "Padova," but that was years before finding the round table just now smack at Euganeo, in Padova.

Bedewe is, according to Wikipedia, an alternative ancient name for Merowe/Meroe in Sudan, where I traced "Merovee," and I therefore traced Merovingians out of Padova, and then, years ago (i.e. before realizing that "round table" was code for two surnames), claimed that king Arthur was a Merovingian entity in Britain. Here we are with what looks like excellent explanation for those claims. The Euganeo-suspect Eugene's/Ewins were first found in the same place (Argyllshire) as MacArthurs. Argyllshire is at Bute, and then the black horse head of Bute's/Butts (ESToile) was at one time showing for the Este Crest. Arthur's morte = death at Bute = Avalon never happened because he didn't exist; it was code for the Morte's/Motts using an estoile, and for the Deaths using the Morte/Mott crescents. King Arthur was invented by the snake brooderhood, like when Jesus called the priests of Israel a brood of vipers.

I didn't know until this update, because it's been a while since reading the Chadwick write-up, that they were from Lichfield, and yet the write-up fails to mention St. Chad, as though perhaps there is a cover-up on that part. Chadwicks were first found at Mavesyon Ridware of Lichfield, and we can even assume Chad links to the following: "The family claim descendancy from the Cawardens and ultimately Malvesyns who came with the Conqueror". Cawardens are shown properly as "Carden," but their Crest tends to assure that they had some Mackay/Caw elements. I'll come back to Cawardens late in this update to show how they can trace St. Chad to the Amyntes line. Cawardens/Cardens are traced to "thistle."

You are in for a surprise. As Bill Clinton was born a Blythe surname (Berwickshire), see this: "Mavesyn Ridware is a small village and civil parish in Lichfield District, Staffordshire, England. The parish also includes the villages of Hill Ridware, Rake End, Pipe Ridware and Blithbury, all of which lie between the River Trent and a small tributary, the River Blithe." Blythe's are traced to the "happy" word, and Happys are listed with Happs/Abbs using the lozenges of Patents, the latter suspect in the potent entity. And Happys/Abbs use a fesse in colors reversed from the same of Blythe's. It just so happens that Mavesyns/Malvoisins were first found in Ile-de-France, where Chappes' were first found.

Mavesyns are said to have married Maules of Yorkshire. Half the Maules scallops are in the colors of the Capes / Happs/Abbs scallops, and the Maules Coat shows both a version of the Chaddock and Chadwick Coats as well as the split Shield of Trents. That tends to verify that the Chads are using the split Shield of Trents. The Maules ("Clementia" motto term) should explain the Mavesyn-versus-MALvoisin variations.

We thus have Caiaphas-like surnames linking to Sadducee-liner suspects. Capes' were first found in the same area as the Leavell-suspect Amore's that should be in the "amore" motto term of Cawardens. Amore's (Oxfordshire) share ragully with the Clements/Clermonts' apparently honored in the Maules motto; Clements/Clermonts' are said to have had Templar branches in Oxfordshire, wherefore the Amore's and Damorys likely apply. Both Claremonts surnames (with an 'a') show signs of being from Dauphine, location of Mont Pilat, said because the Cawarden pheons are white like the Pilate pheons. Peans/Payens were first found in Dauphine.

There is a MALPas surname (looked up as per "Malvoisin") using white pheons in the colors and format of the Chill/Child Coat. As Malpas' and Cawardens were first found in Cheshire, it's a good guess that Maves'/Maversons/Mafersons are using the Hamon Shield. The Hamon chevron is actually called, "pean." From "Maver," one can go to the Mopsus-based MOVERleys/Mopps', first found in Cheshire. It recalls that Mopsus was at Clarus, beside Ephesus, where Merops' son, mythical Pandareus, ruled, whose daughter was the line to the Aedui of Autun (France).

The Maules Crest is a green dragon of the type used by Seatons/Sittens, and they trace to Sitten (Sion) while the split-Shield in the Arms of Sion is in use by the split Chad / Maules Shields. Perfect for proving this trace. This is bang-on Templar Sionism from lines that killed Christ, the last thing they would have wanted the world at large to know. Later in the update, a Muhlbach location north of Bolzano starts off a chain of discoveries making even more definite the trace of royal Scots to that area. You might want to remember this Maules-related topic at that time.

Can Mavesyns trace to Mavis'/Maurici's/Maurovi's/Navarro's, first found in Bologna??? I've never known this surname before, so far as I can recall; it looks like the entire town got married into one surname. Which of the varied variations was the original? Here you have the what looks like the Marici of the Ticino, as well as elements from Novara, where the Laevi of the Ticino lived. To answer the question: yes, the Mavesyns can trace to the Mavis variation because Bolzano elements were traced to the namers of Bologna. And the chief of Templar Sionism was Godfrey de Bouillon, whose family in Boulogne traces well to Bologna. It's not a coincidence that Godfrey was made the first Templar ruler of Jerusalem.

The "TECto" motto term of Maules appears to be definitely for the Tecks/Tess' whom I traced to "Ticino/Tessen," for the Decks/Daggers use a Shield split in the colors of the split Maules Shield!

Bologna is near enough to the proto-Merovingians of Padova to warrant a trace of Franks to "Maurovi." The Maurici variation of Maurovi's supports my trace of proto-Merovingians to a Marsi > Marici line, but I even traced the Chills/Childs to the Tarents, and here we have the Trents of the Trent river involved, where Trents trace to Trento, location of Bologna-related Bolzano. The red strong arm in the Mavis/Maurici Coat (in the color of the talbot of the Mavesyn Crest) links to the same in the Butter/Bitar Crest (Perthshire, Fife), for the Mavis/Maurici bend shows a "BUTTERfly."

As one can sense the Sinclairs all over this Norman picture, let's add that Butters are using the Sinclair cross. Mavesyns are said to be from "Lords of Rosny, from Gastinois, in the Isle of France...The first was Guy MauVOISIN...", and then it speaks on a MayVESIN location so that, perhaps, the surname is partly after the Vexin, where Clare's/Clairs are said to be derived. This makes the lords of Rosny (Rosens?) suspect with the Roslin home of Sinclairs. The Irish Clair eagles are colors reversed from the Roosevelt eagle. It's a good bet that the strongarm in the Butter and Mavis/Maurici/Maurovi surname is code for Strongbow Clare, the disgusting "honorable" who invaded Ireland, a land not his own, killing people for a reward, in hopes of subduing the universe under viking rule, if possible. Irish Clairs are said to be descended from Gilbert Crispin, though of course that's only part of their ancestry. I glean that Irish Clairs (MacArthur crown) are using a version of the Nagle fesse for a trace to Oneglia's Arduins. Arthurs use clarions, let's not forget.

To prove that Merovingians trace to mythical MEROPS of Kos, the Mavesyns use bends in the colors of the Kos bendy. In fact, this tends to prove a Kos-surname trace to Kos, as well as a Mavesyn link to the Mavis variation of MAUROVI's. The Maules must be using the bend of Bets because both were first found in Yorkshire, and Bets are suspect with the Bedewe=Merowe line from mythical Merops of Ethiopia to Merops of Kos to the namers of Padova and the Batavi Franks suspect with "Bedivere." The Bets are suspect with the Aide bend, but the latter's can definitely connect to Rodhams, the surname that Bill Clinton married. Bill's birth surname was first found in the same place as the Aide's. There is something to this.

Proto-Merovingians at Schio are not at all difficult, as it's up-river from Padova. Chaddocks and Chadwicks use the so-called eSCUTcheon, part code for Skit / Schutz liners. It helps to assure that the two surnames link to St. Chad. But it all seems to be wrapped up in Merovingians, and Chadwicks even use a lily in Crest. According to my findings where king Arthur was a Merovingian element in Britain, that's got to include Berwickshire elements. It only takes one son or daughter of one Merovingian king or queen injected into the Bernician throne room to make that true.

The recent Bolzano trace to the bull can make a Bolzano line go to the Merovingian Quinotaur (sea bull), though for that some marine elements would be needed too. The article on Blithbury, at the Blithe river, speaks on a local pub called "Bull's Head." It just so happens that the Blythe-like Bullet surname (Huntingdonshire) shows a Bullhead variation as well as a bull's scalp symbol. I don't want to get into it again here, but the bull-using Bullocks have been traced several times in the past to Chills/Childs. Suffice it to repeat that while the Blithe is a Trent tributary, Tarents are using the Chill/Child Coat in colors reversed.

As "adler" is an eagle to Germanics, look at the English Adler Coat, using the Mackay / Quade wolf heads, and what looks like the English Arden Coat but, instead of cinquefoils, uses stars on a red-on-white bend, the colors of the one star on a red-on-white bend that is the Arms of Bolzano. Recall the Blythe link above to the Arms of Bolzano, for the Adler Coat is similar to the Blythe Coat...for a potential trace of Adlers and company to Lichfield's Mavesyn-Ridware location, home of Chadwicks, and location of the Blithe river.

Several updates ago, the Eustace's were discovered closely with Merovingians, no surprise, but here the point is that the Chaddock cross design is used in the Eustace Crest, and Eustace's traced to Bolzano.

The Mackays behind the Scottish-Royal Doves

It recalls that Mackays are using the French Arden/Aden Coat with Sutherland stars in colors reversed, important now because Adlers use the Sutherland stars! The Adlers were loaded immediately after loading Line's when seeking links to "Lienz," but seeing nothing of a link in particular, I decided to say nothing of the three Line surname's, until now, for German Line's/Linds share a "manu" motto term with Mackays.

I've been impressed by the fact that only one surname has come up so far in this update that was first found in Norfolk, where Chads were first found. As I think I'm tracing Sakarya scythians to the naming of the Eisach, some Norfolk clans should be coming up that link to the Seagars and Sawyers of Norfolk. I showed why Seagars link to Chads in that Columba's were first found in the same place as Segurana's. But since then, the only first-found-in-Norfolk I've seen is in the Adler write-up. Norfolk is beside Lincolnshire, named by Lindseys (share's the black Joseph swan) who can trace to Line's/Linds. Adlers are, like the Adge's, from Saxons. German Adlers (same place as Line's/Linds) happen to use another spread eagle upon a horizontally-split Shield, like the Adge eagle (! surprise, I didn't know that until after writing the last sentence). It looks like Adlers were an Adge branch, wherefore Adlers trace to the namers of the Adige river. Adlers are also ADELard, perhaps suggesting Jewish, blue-lion Adels. Isn't that Caiaphas?

I had been wondering whether Line's/Linds were the namers of LINDISfarne: The only major fact that Bede gives about [St.] Chad's early life is that he was a student of AIDan [caps mine] the Celtic monastery at Lindisfarne." Lindisfarne (near Bamburg castle) is about ten miles from Berwick-upon-Tweed, and ten miles from a Suderland location. I'm not convinced that Sutherland was named as per SouthLand." Doesn't the Suther Coat look like the Aide Coat (another spread eagle in the Suther Crest). Can't Aide's, first found in Berwickshire, trace to Berwick-upon-Tweed?

The Tweed river comes out of Kelso in Roxburghshire (not far from a Lauder location, hmm), the area of spread-eagle Maxwells, whose eagle's are likely in the Suther bend if Suthers trace to Suderland. Roxburghshire are where Scottish Leavells were first found. AHA! The Lauders were first found in Berwickshire, and they use a giant griffin in the colors of the giant Fortuna talbot!!! The Lauders/Leathers/Lauthers (compare their motto with Laurie's) are therefore part of the Lady-Fortune line out of Klausen upon the Eisach river! The Lauder location therefore links to the Lords/Lauds honored in the Glasgow motto. It's verifying that: 1) Caepionis-suspect Cupionich elements were at or near Lindisfarne; 2) Adige and Saxon liners from the Bolzano theater were in or beside Lindisfarne.

Hmm, Luthers ("two gold apples, stems down") were first found in Saxony, and they use a perchevron in the white color of the Lichfield perchevron, and in both colors of the Chappes / Stephen perchevron, the latter surname being the Stave line to which the potent entity of Chads links. The Luther Coat is in Lord colors, and then the Luther write-up finds a way to trace to "LORD of the peoples," thus making the Luther link to Lauder. Whether it goes to Lutherans, I do not know.

The two gold apples of Luthers are as alternatives to the two gold falcons in the near-identical Stephen Coat. It's the Stephensons (Northumberland, includes Berwick theater) that use a version of the Aide chevron, important because French Levi's are the ones honoring Aide's, which expects Ile-de-France Levi elements at Berwick, and then the Chappes' were likewise first found in Ile-de-France...home of Parisii that I've read were co-founders of York, not far from Berwick. One Paris surname shares apples with Luthers, but this Paris line was from Paresse/Parez (same as POMEgranate Crepons) Lorraine, where I trace Laurie's and Lowrys that share the Lauder motto. That works.

Wikipedia says that "Berwick" derives from "barley village," haha. That's likely old-historian garbage as code for the Barleys of Pendley (Lancashire, downstream from Yorkshire). It's a no-brainer now to trace Pendley / Pendle elements to the Arthur lines at Berwick, but suddenly the Pendragon>Arthur line there is looking like Joseph Caiaphas.

Berwickshire is the area on the north of Berwick-upon-Tweed (England), but over the Scottish border. Could not the Levi, expected amongst Aide's, have been in Lindisfarne? Berwick was in the land of Bernicians, and yet Wikipedia mentions nothing of Bernicians in either its Berwickshire or Berwick-upon-Tweed articles. One needs to get to the Berwick-castle article to find: "In the post-Roman period, the area was inhabited by the Brythons of Bryneich. Later, the region became part of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia." Barley village...ha-ha-ha. There seems to be some cover-up going on, like they don't want people to know that Berwick was named after Bernicians. What's the big secret?

"Farne" was looked up as per the Farne islands where Lindisfarne is located. Farne's happen to use a vertically-split Shield in half the colors of the same of Trents. Again, Trents were first found in the same place with English Leavells while Scottish Leavells were found on/beside the Tweed river to the Farne theater. Should we be seeking Este links to Edwards = Aid-wards?? They are in the same colors. Edgars have a "Man do it" motto, which, along with the dagger in Crest, links well to the Quade-branch Mackays (dagger, "Manu" motto term) whose bears trace between Berenicianus and Berwickshire. Compare BERENicianus to "VERONA," for the Adige passes through Verona. Then, the Bar-Este suspects, the Barone's, were first found in the same place as Bruno's...suspect with "Brunswick," like "Bryneich," country of Bernicians. Barley village, oh-ha-hah.

Whenever you see a neck divided roughly at the bottom, as with the Mackay stag and the BROWN York lion, it's erased, a feature now tracing with Eras'/Rasmussens to Akmonia, origin of the Quadratus > Quadratilla line, where also the York besant ought to trace. It's making LEOFwine of Mercia suspect with Laevillus liners. York = Eboracum was co-founded by Eburovices/Ebroicum, right? It could look like BERwick was named by Eburovices, therefore. These Hebrew peoples are expected at Bressanone = Brixen on the Eisach, right?

It was only recently (two updates ago) when the Verona's/Vairs/VERELs traced to the Sechevaral location of Zacharys/SACHveralls! I hadn't yet realized that it could also trace to the Eisach river. Plus, from the first update of this month, the Verona's/Verels traced to the Ver river of Mercia with little doubt.

Edgars were first found in the same place (Berwickshire) as the Aide's (and Artems) who may themselves be Adige which case one should be tracing the Quadratus family to the Adige. The Edgar lion is identical to the lion in the Welsh Edward Coat (Wessex wyvern?) , as well as identical to the lion of Pendle's. Reminder: Pendley was existing under that name as early as the 4th century, and Barleys of Pendley use a QUATRefoil. Suddenly, especially as Verona's use a fish in the colors of the Bar-le-Duc fish, we should be tracing Quadratilla-Laevillus liners through Este to the Moselle river, location not only of Bar-le-Duc, and not only of the Parez location, but of Metz. The Luther apples actually ought to be a form of the giant Metz orb / besant. Here's from the last update to show that the Quadratus line should trace to the Bernicians / Mercians that were ancestral to the line of Pepin and Itte of Metz:

It looks like the namers of Pendley should trace through Johannes Valentinus to Valentinian I, for even the Aide bend had traced to the Valentin bend. But as Valentinian traced back to Constantine I (4th century), let's repeat that English Constantine's (Berkshire) use fleur-de-lys in the colors of the same of Pepins, and they are black fleur, as with the Pendragon fleur. Pendragons are the ones sharing the open helmet with Mynetts for a trace to Artemidoros' father.

The idea there was that the Artemidoros line through Quadratilla originated the Pendragon cult out of Pendley. However, the origin of the king-Arthur cult had traced to the family of Munderic at the Moselle so that both should apply together i.e. they were either the same line or merged.

Just a few miles north of Trento, there is an Avisio river with a mouth on the Adige at a Lavis location which Germans call, Laifs. It evokes "Avise la fin," the motto of Scottish Kennedys, which identifies partly in honor of Lafins/La Fonts (share the Conte lion) that looked traceable to Font de Ville's, whom I pegged as coming from Piscinas of Sardinia; the trace was made years before finding the Caiaphas-suspect Avezzano surname, first found in Sardinia. Helmet-using Irish Kennedys were first found in the same place as Lafins, and while some helmets trace to Mynetts from Amyntes, "Piscinas" became suspect with "Pessinus," home of the Great-Mother cult of Amyntes' father, Brogitarus.

"Piscinas" means "fountain" while Fountains share three fesse bars in red with LUFFs/Love's, what a laifincidence. The heraldic fountain, which you can see in the Cush/Kiss and Cash/Cass Coats, is also in the Arms of Dudley. Why? Aren't Dudleys from the Trent area?

I've just found that Luffs (Trent colors) come up as "Laves." "Lavis" is listed with Levi's with a "Levis" motto term. Now's the time to say that Lafins/La Fonts are in Levi/Lavis colors. The three Levi chevrons are highly suspect with the three of Clare's, the latter's being in the red color of the three of Sillys/Sullys.

The Yorks are said to have branched off to Somerset, where Leavells/Lovells were first found, and beside the Sillys/Sullys. Wellingtons are using nearly the Bless Shield ("sola" motto term) while Sillys/Sullys are said to be derived in "happy and blessed." Bless's (bunched arrows) are actually an alternative English-Blois surname.

The Lavis/Laifs location is about 25 miles south of Appiano, and downstream on the Adige from it. Appiano is suspect with "Avezzano," and so let's mention that while Mrs. Comyn, mother of Adam Kilconquhar, traced to Como, near another Appiano location, there was at least one Comyn location ruled by ConteVILLE's whom were seen as a Conte merger with Font de Ville's (same place as Conte's) years before these past few weeks found the Adige and related topics. A couple of miles beside the Appiano of Como, there is a Villa Guardia location, probably linkable to the namers of lake Gardia very near to Lavis/Laifs. This recalls the suspicion that Gards may have bee named after "SARDinia." A trace of Sardinians to the Adige can explain why Sicilians may have been there. The Sully variation of Sillys may betray Sulcis, right beside Piscinas.

Reminder: the first Conteville's were Burgo's, and the Burgh cross is used by Eustace's whom traced to Bolzano. About 15 miles east of Trento, on my atlas, there is a Borgo location. Let's remember too that Chads are using a split Shield very suspect with the same of Trents. I know for a fact that Dutch Burgs/Bergs use the three Clare chevrons in both colors.

Doesn't the Laifs location and the Luff surname look like "Leofric" of Mercia? His grandson was Aden-like Edwin/Eduin, more potential Aide / Adige terms. The Luff and Fountain surnames share three red horizontal bars with Leavells. Then, the Edward and Gard chevrons are in the colors of the same of Leafs/Leve's/Leaves'. Just saying. I realize how odd it is to viewed Nordic names like Leof and Lief as Levite liners, but it's working out rather well. Levine's/Levi's share a black lion with Lafins/La Fonts. As Edwin possessed Dudley, one might expect that something in the Arms of Dudley reflects back to his family. Wikipedia insists without backing it up that "Dudley" was named after "Dudda's clearing," but, in any case, this could be a Dade/Deed branch, for the latter share three gold garbs with Comyns, Avis'/Avisons and Josephs (the latter three have them all on blue). Dudley is near Saddock-suspect Sedgley, and Saddocks share the white-on-black martlets of Livings/Levins, first found in Westmorland, where the jessant leopard head of Aide's trace.

If you don't know, French Levi's, first found in the same place as Verona's, use an "Aide" motto term as well as a "Chretien" motto term for blue-lion Chretiens. In fact, Chretiens use lion heads, a symbol in the Crest of the Arms of Dudley, and the Chretien lions heads are in both colors of the Dudley lion at houseofnames! Zowie.

The Dudley lion may also be in the Gere Crest. In any case, Gere's are using a leopard face in colors reversed from the Letchworth face, and both surnames share wings. In colors reversed, the Letchworth wings are red, the color of the Gere wings. Moreover, the Gere fesses are in the colors of the Letch/Lechmere's fesse; the latter are clearly Alan>Stewarts, who lived at Glasgow, thus serving as evidence that the Letchworth wings are the Jewish-Glass wings. Gere's / Letch's are even in Letchworth (and Legh/Ligh) colors. We are compelled to trace Letchworths to the Lech river of the Netherlands, as per the Letch/Lechmere write-up. Ultimately, the Lechs trace to the Arms of Sicily, a Gorgon head with three human legs. The heraldic head symbol is suspect with Medusa Gorgons from Sicily.

We then find that the Sillys/Sullys, who share triple chevrons in the colors of the same in the Arms of Letchworth, were first found in the same place (Devon) as English Stewarts. Were Sillys from Sicels and therefore from mythical Scylla? The Letchworth motto uses "SIC ALteri" as possible code for Sicels. The Mathuna's/Maghans/Manns, whom I trace to the Isle of Man with a version of the Arms of Sicily, has the motto phrase, "SIC Nos sic," perhaps a take from others using "sic" for Sicilians, but in this case an attempt to form "Sican(ian)," a branch of early Sicilians.

I haven't shown the Stockley/Stokely Coat yet, red boars with a red chevron, which can be the Staff / Quint chevron because Stockleys were first found in Staffordshire. In fact, five chevrons, in the same colors as the Stockley chevron, in the Arms of Lichfield. Previously, the Pek chevron was suspect with the Lichfield Arms, but as the Pek is near the city of doves, let's re-mention the dove in the Stoke/Stokely Crest. The Stockleys are traced to the codes, "stocc = tree trunk" and "wooded clearing." It's the same theme as per the Stubbing write-up, and we are not so stubid. It reminds one of the tree TRUNKs in the Coat of Thors, first found in Tyrol i.e. up the Trentino-Alto way. German Stokels: "'stoc = stem or trunk of a tree."

The Stump surname happens to use the Lichfield perchevron in colors reversed, no coincidence because Lichfield traces easily to Stubbings while their write-up uses the codes, "stybbings = stumps" and "cleared of trees." The Stubbing besants are in the colors of the Lichfield leopard heads, but the latter well-reflect the TREEby besants because both surnames have their symbols in the Chief but without a separate color for the Chief (a feature used by Josephs too). The Treebys helped greatly to make me realize (December 2011) that these tree-stump codes were for mythical Esus, the tree-cutter god beloved by the TREVeri peoples (Moselle river). The Treeby lion can be the Pendle lion.

The Stump Coat has the look of the Touque's Coat and shares the same-colored perchevron of Teague's (NINE Julian crosslets).

Treeby were first found in the same place as Sillys/Sullys. Repeat: "Therefore, when I see the Silly surname, said to be from "saelig - HAPPy," it looks like code for the Sillian-related Happs/Abbs, especially as the latter are suspect with the Arms of Austria / Habsburgs while Sillian is just inside Austria." The reason for repeating is in the Rackenford location of the Silly write-up, for Rackens/Crackens share the English Thor tower in both colors. The Tyrol Thors/Thorns use a perchevron of their own.

It's been a while since mentioning the potential trace of Quadratilla to Adens/Ardens and therefore possibly to Edens, Eatons and similar others. Edens/Edins, suspect at Edinburgh with Keaton-suspect Seatons and Keaths, use scallops tracing to Scylla while "Eaton" traces with little doubt to mount "Etna" to the south of Scylla. The Eaton patee traces to neighboring Patti. There are several decisions to make in what to trace "Keaton" to, but in this picture it does not appear that they were Keath stock, but rather Eaton stock. But it's confusing due to Keaths first found in the same place as Keaton-like Seatons, both beside Edinburgh. On the other hand, the Keath Catti may be short-forms from "QUADratus." I'm suggesting a Quadratus > Quade > Ade > Aiton/Artem > Aden/Arden line to Eatons and Keatons, but with Seatons and Keaths left out, though they were likely mergers with that line. Someone with the proper historical data could crack this mystery.

Previously, Eatons showed the same cross design as Samsons (still used by Dickens), though even the Samson cross has since changed. The point: Samsons use scallops too, and meanwhile trace to Flecks/Flags found in the last update at the Velch / Fiora theater. Dickens were first found in Staffordshire, and may therefore link to St. Chad's stave / crutch / potent line.

Stubbs are said to have received Water-Eaton in Staffordshire by the control freak, William the Conqueror, who counted everyone's belongings and recorded them, like one you wouldn't invite to dinner, or, if you did, you'd probably want to hide your two cows. Waters share the three chevrons of Sicily- / Sulcis-suspect Sillys/Sullys.

French Adens/Ardens were first found in the same place (Limousin) as Seconds/Segurs whom I ventured to trace to the Saxon-like Sequani, begging the question of whether Sequani (west of lake Geneva) east were at the Eisack river. In any case, the theory had been that Sequani were merged with, or even ancestral to, the royal Cottians that had become suspect with the near-ancestry of Joseph Caiaphas. He was traced to AURELia Cotta (mother of Julius Caesar), and then it was shown that the Saxon/Sexton surname was first found in the same place as similar ORRELs, but the latter show a Coat much like the Ince's / Inch's that have just traced with Saxons/Sextens to Sexten of the Bolzano / Brixen theater.

I'm not going to bother investigating whether Niall, said to be the ancestry of Columba, was made-up code by myth writers versus an historical person. I'll let you do that if you find motivation for it. I just want to say here that his full name, Niall NOIGIALLach, smacks of the Nagle's/Nails on two counts. He is known as Niall of the Nine Hostages, a good reason to view him as code for the Meuse/Muse bloodline (from the Meuse or Little Meuse rivers) from Metz. The Moesians were Mysians = mythical Muses, though I tend to view Muses from the Massena Numidians, and their presence at the Sava may explain why Margus- and Pek-river Moesians came by that way. The Metz Coat uses NINE besants, and the chief witch of nine on Avalon, Morgan, is a sept of Mackays, a thing I've known but not stressed over the years due to forgetting.

Here's what was added to the last update: "I didn't find, until the next update, that the "CEDant" motto term of Stubbs is likely code for CEDD, St. Chad's brother." While Stubbs show black buckles and white pheons, their description tells of an alternative color scheme: "Black [Shield] on a bend between three gold pheons (arrowheads), three red buckles." It links to the gold-on-black Stirling buckles (in colors reversed from the Stubb buckles now showing), which itself is a good reflection of the same-colored besants upon the Stubbing bend for a trace to the Stirling Chappes'.

It appears on multiple counts that Stubbings, said to descend from Hugh Colunces, trace to Vere's of the Ferrers kind (horseshoes) who received titles from Hugh D'Avrances. The Columba-like Colunces are traced to Calvados (suspect from the Cavii), and that's where the dove-like Dives river flows that's in the Stubb write-up. Reminder: pheons are from Paeonians, and so was the city of Stobi. The Stubb colors now showing, including white-on-black pheons, are in the colors of the Dives/Dien Coat with the old Masci wing (i.e. no longer showing for Masci's in that design). Hugh D'Avrances and the Masci line ruled at Chester, what was previously called, Diva. It could suggest that Diva was populated by Dives-river clans before the Norman invasion, if the Dives river went by that name before the invasion. Colunces' could be Colapis = Kupa liners.

I have always wondered what could be so huge about the Fiddle/Fidelow surname that it could warrant so many motto codes. I figured that the Welfs applied to them because they share wolf heads with Fiddle's/Fidelows. But then I saw something in this: "Columba was born to FEDLimid [caps mine] and Eithne of the Cenel Conaill in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, in modern County Donegal, in Ireland. On his father's side, he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish high king of the 5th century." The reason that this intrigues me is that the Aidhne entity is likely the Aoidh bloodline said to include Mackays, and they with Quade's use the wolf-head design of Welfs and Fiddle's. They all three -- Welfs, Fiddle's and Quade's -- use three wolf heads, and that's all they use. That's why Fiddle's and their Vis-de-Loop location, as it was also called, are suspect with "FEDLimid."

One Irish Mackay write-up (the one with virtually the Scottish Mackay Coat) says that "Aoidh" is the word for "fire" or of a god. Scottish Mackays trace the same term to "Hugh," perhaps realizing that the Mackay wolves trace to Hugh Lupus, but I don't see "Aoidh" as a version of "Hugh", nor does the write-up mention any Hugh's at the ancestry of Mackays. If Hugh = Mackay were known to be true, we wouldn't see Irish Mackays tracing to fire or what looks like on off-the-wall god. Others say that MacHeth was an Aodh / Aoidh, and yet we don't see that in the Irish Mackay write-up.

I didn't know (or at least I didn't read and retain it) until now that MacHeth was a son of Malcolm III and Margaret. If this is true, then it would appear that Mackey's come up as "Margy," and Mackesys come up as "Margeson," because MacHeth was a Mackay. But how could MacHeth be a Mackay unless his father or mother was a Mackay? Was Margaret Aetheling an Aidhne / Aide liner? Looks like. It looks like MacHeth was named after a short form of "Atheling." Mackays and Malcolms do share stags, and the Malcolm stars are the Macey stars, gold like the Sutherland stars. What's going on? Cover up?

The Mackey/Margy lion shows (different color) in the Margeson/Mackesy Crest, and the Mackey/Margy write-up trace's to "Aodh = Hugh." This time, the list of surnames even shows "MacHugh," yet if one enters "MacHugh," this Mackey/Margy surname does not come up, meaning that they must be deliberately lying (i.e. it's not a Hugh surname at all, but they want us to think so). Here is the only MacHugh Coat coming up, and it too traces to "Aodh," but if one looks at the variations, they are Mackay-capable variations, such as "Cue/Kew," but from these terms one might form a Hugh, meaning that a Hugh wasn't necessarily the original.

As Margaret was in Hungary with king Andrew, she may have had her son i.e. MacHeth. Note that MacHughs use a green saltire that can be seen in the Scottish Andrew Coat. Malcolm was born in Perthshire, where the Atholl surname was first found. Malcolm's mother married Duncan, born in Perthshire, and someone in Duncan's family married Meschins. I'm reading that Duncan's father was born in Perthshire too (where Celts and Kelts were first found that no doubt created "DunKELD" and gave the red stag head to the Malcolm/Callam Coat. That father, Crinan, is interesting:

Crínan of Dunkeld (died 1045) was the lay abbot of the diocese of Dunkeld...

The monastery of Saint Columba was founded on the north bank of the River Tay in the 6th century or early 7th century following the expedition of Columba into the land of the Picts...Caustantín [Constantine liner?] of the Picts brought Scotland's share of the relics of Columba from Iona to Dunkeld...Dunkeld became the prime bishopric in eastern Scotland until supplanted in importance by St Andrews since the 10th century.

Hmm, might there have been a blood link between Columba and these Dunkeld royals? "Malcolm" is also "Callam." Isn't that suspicious??? Checking, the Malcolms come up also as "Colomb"! But the writers didn't show a Colomb-like variation even though they have it listed with the surname. It must have been a cover up. French Colombs/Coulons (doves in Pilate colors) even use the Sutherland stars in Chief. It looks like Columbia became a Mackay liner to the Scot royals. Reminder: Italian Columba's use a fat cross in the colors of the Messey/Messier saltire.

[Just to let you know, about 30 paragraphs below were written before looking up the Duncan surname, where we find that Duncans traced themselves to a DunCHAD, abbott of Iona in the early 8th century. I've read that before, but didn't know of Columba of Iona or of St. Chad of his school. So, there we have it, after watching heraldry trace Crinan back to Columba, I now have it from the horse's mouth, apparently. It looks like the these royal Scots were from potent-cross liners, and in fact the patee crosses of Peks can link to the "Disce PATI" motto of Duncans (cinquefoils in the colors of the Pek patee, and in the colors of the BACon/BEACon cinquefoils). One reason for tracing Duncans to Masseys was the "Disce" motto term versus the "discrimina" term of Hamons (de Massey). It floors me to read in the Duncan write-up that "DunnCHAD" is traced to "brown warrior." Educators like this should be punished. Is that a bad word these days? Needless to say, the stupids are giving away a Brown-surname link to the Duncan royals. Duncan-branch Donkeys are using the Pek chevron in colors reversed.]

The English Constantine surname (same place as Pek-suspect Peckers/Packers) happens to share fleur-de-lys in the colors of the same of Forres', that latter term being a location at or beside Fortriu, itself at or beside Moray. Wikipedia's Fortriu article: "...the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle makes it clear that Fortriu was north of the Mounth (i.e. the eastern Grampians), in the area visited by Columba. The Prophecy of Berchan says that Dub, King of Scotland was killed in the Plain of Fortriu. Another source, the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, indicates that King Dub was killed at Forres, a location in Moray. Moreover, additions to the Chronicle of Melrose confirm that Dub was killed by the men of Moray at Forres." The purpose of the writer was to identify the location of Fortriu at Moray.

Irish Constantine's/Considene's are using half of the Maghan/Mann Coat, and while I suspect that the "Manu forti" motto of Mackays is partly for Fortriu, some septs of Mackays can be shown to be kin to the Maghans/Manns and Mathie's/Manns (both said to be from the bear, a Mackay symbol). As Fortriu is seemingly established as a Pict entity, one can ask whether Picts originated from the namers of the Pek, for Mackays can be traced to the neighboring Margus (shown later).

It just so happens that while Crinan's father was a Fergus, the two Fergus surnames use the two different-colored lions of the two Petit surnames while "petit" is in the Malcolm/Colomb motto, and one of the lions should be the Ferrari lion. I don't know hop to interpret the Petit surname in that form as might relate to Ferrari-Fergus liners, but the Pessit variation along with the surname's Lavaux location brings the Puster valley and nearby Lavis/Laifs to mind, which I wouldn't be bringing up if not for the CHAUmont surname (Mackay/CAW possibility) as per Guyot Petit of Chaumond. The Chamonds/Caumonts happen to use a fesse in Bolzano-fesse colors as well as eagles in the colors of the Tarent eagles for a good trace to Trento, location of Lavis/Laifs.

The Chaumond eagles (spread) are in both colors of the Luff/Love lion heads, which are in the colors of the Petit and Fergus lions. This is simply to say that Crinan can trace to Lavis/Laifs at Trento, along the Adige where proto-Bernicians are expected who were later at Lindisfarne, where Columba's student / partner (Aidan) found himself. The Chaumon eagles are also in the colors of the COLT/Celt and Malcolm stags (Malcolms call it a "deer") while Chaumonds are said to be from the lands of COLTon, thus tending to trace the Dunkeld dynasty well to this place.

The Colton surname (Saxonite) probably uses the Benjamin saltire in colors reversed because Coltons had "COLEtone" locations which look traceable as Cole liners to the Colapis, home of Japodes, named after the Jabeshites to which Benjamites had merged. One Coleton location is even in Norfolk, not only where Benjamins were first found, but Adlers and Chads too. Just look at how soon the Dunkeld bloodline may be linking back to Columba by just following the heraldic lead in the Malcolm motto. The saltire of Skit- and Skeets-suspect Schutz's Coat looks like it can apply to the Colton saltire, and so let's remind that Skits/Skeochs, Skeets' and Scheds share the potent cross with Chads, and meanwhile Schio is not far down the Adige from Lavis/Laifs.

The Schutz grayhound wears a collar with a chain, reflective of the Mackay / Quade/Quoide wolf wearing a collar and chain, all in the same colors. As Quade's are using the Mackay wolf heads, ask why Quade's are not traced to the Aoidh entity as Mackays are so traced. Instead, Quade's are traced to "Uaid = Wade." That can't be correct, meaning: don't trust heraldic write-ups nor historians on any derivations until verified, and expect lies fashioned as "professional" fact-finding (spit).

Take a look at the Chain/Cheine/Sheyne write-up versus the Chaine/Chenay write-up, different because at least one of them is incorrect. You can find dozens of such comparisons to prove incorrect derivations, but eventually you realize that the write-ups are deliberately incorrect. But why? There can only be one reason: history, as taught in the classroom, is devoid of the full facts, deliberately, by state-sanctioned decree. The black graduation hat is a mortar board, symbol of Masons, and higher education has "degrees," like Freemasonic degrees. Our education was fashioned by Freemasons and their "Enlightenment," but they despised you while faking love for you. They educate you for the sake of improving their society, for making you a better tool of THEIR world, not for making your life better. They are the beautiful-on-the-outside with greed-on-the-inside.

I would suggest that Chains/Sheyne's (Shannon liners?) are using essentially the same cross as Conans because they were branches. It's feasible that Conans are part of the Maschi pine cones, for Tanners (Conan colors) have a pine-cone-using branch while the Tanaro river is in cone-like Cuneo. This is how surname derivations should be concluded, but discovering first what the various symbols relate to, and then finding logical paths to the correct view. "The tanner" even had a daughter that married Sinclairs while Conans and Chains are using the Sinclair cross. Conan of BalQUHIDDER (in the Conan write-up) looks like a Quade liner where the Quade wolf (Conan colors) has a chain. It also has a collar while Collars share the Moor head with Tanners.

So, with Conans, Chain's and the Scot royals tracing to Cuneo, location of Busca, we turn to the Bosco's using what were likely the Schore COLUMNs (hee hee), though Bosco's call them pillars (in Pilate colors) likely because they are honoring the Pillar bloodline. Pillars show also as "Pillot," and then the mother of Pontius Pilate was from a Pict woman in Perthshire, home of Crinan's family. The Colts/Celt stag even uses the Pilate pheon, right? The two Pilate / Pilotte/Pillette surnames have the commonality with Messeys/Messiers of being first found in Burgundy AND Lincolnshire.

Under these circumstance's, Pillars could be using the Belgian Schuts lion round-about, for English Score's are using a saltire in colors reversed from the Schutz saltire. It can be gleaned that the Score saltire is a version of the Nimo/Newman saltire because that surname uses a "show" motto terms that gets the Shows/SCHORs. But the Nimo motto also uses "boast" for Boasts/Boise's (cinquefoils in Score-cinquefoil colors) sharing what can be construed as the bend-with-symbols of Cheneys. The Buckingham location of Boasts and Cheneys likely links to the Mackay "buck," and it's not likely coincidental that Bucks share the Cone and Conte antlers in Conan colors. German Bucks are using the same Coat as Fergus' and Petits.

Bosco's can be found in the Rose write-up, while Rose's lived to the near-north of Perthshire, at Moray, essentially, where the royal Scots of Crinan's household was ruling. The Schore column (in the colors of the Bosco pillars) has roses (and a "green vine") likely in honor of the Rose (of Moray) clan.

I'm now seeing Score's as a branch of Segurana's / Seagars...from Genoa, same place as Columba's, but also where Grimaldi's lived. German Schore's (in Krume colors) were first found in the same place (Hamburg) as Grimaldi-suspect Krume's. The Crooms/Crone's/CRINE's (Massey liners) are suspect with Grimaldi-suspect Crone's, and the Angels happen to be the ones with a CRINed pegasus (Massey symbol too), now understood as code for Crinan! Masci's were first found in the Cuneo theater.

The Bosco "tufts of grass" (on top of the pillars) trace to Grasse, very near Oneglia, and the Grass's may be of the Legros'. French Grass's, first found in the area of Grasse, are in Bosco-pillar colors. Irish Grass' (Buckinghamshire) use a lion that can be either colors reversed from the Dutch Bush lion, or in the colors of the Petit lion. English Grass' use the same lion while surrounded by gold cinquefoils, the colors of the Boast / Score / Arden cinquefoils. I include Ardens because Bush's can trace easily to the Bolzano theater, and will be suspect below in tracing even to the namers of Pessinus of the ARTEMidoros family.

"ArtemiDOROS" should be suspect with the Doria's/Auria's (married ARDUIN) of Oneglia (see "ardua" motto of Malcolms/Colombs!), though they were first found in Genoa. The Doria/Auria Coat is another spread eagle, partly in colors reversed from the Adge/Edge eagle that traced interestingly to the flag of South Tyrol. As the Sutherland stars are in the colors of the Arden cinquefoils, there's a good chance that the Doria eagle is in the Suther Coat, which, because it's a version of the Aide Coat, traces well to North Suderland at Lindisfarne and Berwick-upon-Tweed. Suthers (like the Shutz variation of Schutz's) were even first found in the same place (Suffolk) as ARDONs/Artois'.

Petits/Pessits were first found in Burgundy, by the way, where same-colored Messeys/Messier's were first found who are suspect with the same-colored Columba cross. The Messier's had a branch in Lincolnshire, where I might expect LINDISfarne elements because I trace the namers of Lincolnshire to LINDOS on Rhodes. It is possible to form the blue-on-white Malcolm saltire from the gold-on-blue Messey saltire after that latter's is colors reversed.

The Chaumont/CAUmont eagle's being in the colors of the Tarent eagles is a good reason for viewing Caumonts as Qewe liners of the Quadratus kind, first through Trento and finally to the Bernicians...who were the Anglo part of England's Anglo-Saxons. As I'm tracing proto-Angles to proto-Nagle's/Angulo's at Oneglia, let's repeat that Columba's ancestry is traced (by others) to Niall NOIGIALLach. Let's assume that Niall and his Neil line traces to Oneglia and the GRIMaldi's there, where I would also trace "CRINan," for German Neils/Nagle's happen to use a saltire in the two colors of the Malcolm/Colomb saltire. Zowie.

Another interesting point is that the Chaumont/Caumont surname is traced to a son-in-law of king Louis "le Gros." If his nickname was in fact the Le Gros surname, then let's repeat that the Legros Coat uses nothing but the Rangabe flory cross, linkable to the same-colored moline of Seagars (Norfolk again) tracing to Segurana's, first found in the same place (Genoa) as Columba's. As Chaumonts came up from the Petit write-up, which entered the picture only due the Malcolm/COLOMB surname, I think this speaks for itself in verifying Crinan ancestry in Columba.

The Rangabe's are definitely of the Rangels (Nagle Shield colors) using the white-on-blue fleur-de-lys of German Bush's/Buschs/Bushers while the Rangels/Wrangels at houseofnames share the gold-on-black fleur (Busher/Boscher colors) of English Bush's/Buschs. How about that. There's a question of whether "Rangabe," a Byzantine name, is an Angel variation. The Rangel/Wrangel lion is in the colors of the Petit/Pessit lion, but is facing in the sinister direction, rare, making is suspect with Masci / Massena / Rasmussen liners.

As Bushers were first found in the same place (Dorset) as Tarents, it can again speak to a Bush trace to the Puster valley. Poole in Dorset is suspect with the Polzl surname of Hitler's mother.

There is another Colton location in Staffordshire, where Staffs use the same-colored chevron as Pistols/Pesters. As St. Chad was working out of Staffordshire, and as his surname is suspect with Sadducees, it looks like the Caiaphas line of the Capone kind was in the line to royal Scots via these three missionaries, Columba, Aidan and Chad. I know nothing about their mission, whether it was wholly Vaticanized, or tending to break free from Vatican controls.

Of great interest here is that, according to a Mr. SKORzeny (Nazi), George Herbert Walker Bush was born George Herbert Scherff Jr., born into a Nazi family. Mr. Scherff Jr was then "adopted" illegally by the Bush family in seeking to cover his Nazi backside, and this may have been with US-government sanction. "Scherf" comes up at houseofnames as with Schore-like Schere's, and then it can be gleaned above that Schore's are Bush kin, what a cosmic coincidence. Not all is as it seems by those elite pretending to love us lower classes.

It would be interesting to know how near to the Puster valley the Austrian Schere's were from, for Pasters are using the Dutch Bush/Bos lion and billets. It's red and upright, like the Petit lion, and in both colors of the Puster Coat, serving as further evidence that Petits/Pessits were at least merged with Pusters. But were they from Pessinus??? That location in Galatia was home to the Kybele priesthood, while Kybele had a lion symbol. The Kybele priest was BROGitarus, suspect with Prokopps/Brocuffs using the potent cross in the colors of the Chad / Skit potent. This paragraph has the ability to trace the Templar flag of Jerusalem to Brogitaris' family, the Great-Hoar line of Revelation 17.

Here's the Polish Past Coat looking like a version of the Letchworth Coat, and even using a dove. The Past chevron is in the colors of the Scaggs/Skech chevron while the latter surname is suspect with Brenners, from the area that was source to the Rienz river though the Puster valley. Buskers were first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Bush's/Buschs and Walkers. German Buskers (Rhineland, same as German Bush's/Buschs) look like Scottish Adams.

I had found evidence that president Franklin Roosevelt started a navy base in an unexpected location, far inland at Hayden Lake (former Aryan Nations headquarters), Idaho, just in time for somehow supporting Adolf Hitler and some of his people. Skorzeny said that Adolf Hitler was living in neighboring Montana. There were reasons why Adolf may have been at Clark House in Hayden Lake, but none of the evidence I presented for these things had to do with the additional evidence wherein the Scherf/Schere Coat shares red roses on stems with the Roosevelt Coat. The Nazi's are now known to have belonged to certain Thule-society ROSicrucians suspect with Rose liners, and using rose symbolism.

The cross in the Scherf/Schere Coat links definitely to the similar ones in the Sheer/Shere/Shire Coat, but the same-colored crosslets in the Colton Coat are interesting, of the crosslet type (almost potent crosses) used by Tufts. The Shere/Shire talbot is part of the Thule entity, I think. The "Qui planTAVIT" motto phrase of Roosevelts can jibe with the "TUFTs of grass" used by Bosco's...i.e. found in the Rose write-up. The Tuft Crest even shares the red eagle of English Roosevelts/Rouse's. A red eagle is also in the Tarent Crest and Coat while Chads were first found in the same place as same-colored Haydens (another talbot). The ostrich feathers in the Dutch Roosevelt Crest are split in half vertically in the colors of the vertically-split Trent / Chad Coats.

Again, the Duncan / Donkey cinquefoils are in the colors of the same of French Bacons/Beacons (Beck colors), important because the surname looks like a Pek/Peck branch, but also important for the elitist Rosicrucian, Francis Bacon. Recall the "brown warrior" garbage to which "Dunchad" is traced in the Duncan write-up, for Warriors are in the colors of FARNE's/Ferns (both in Vere colors), first found in Ross-shire, smack beside the Rose clan. English Bacons (Suffolk) not only use a "firma" motto term, but share in their Crest the white Colton boar.

Hayden Lake is between Fergus-like Farragut Park (roughly the location of the navy base, I can't recall exactly) and COEUR d'Alene lake. The latter is probably less than 10 miles south of Hayden Lake (judging from my atlas), and the Coeur d'Alene mountains reach Farragut. The point is, the "CURAbit" motto term of rose-using Roosevelts. It makes one wonder whether the bid to take over Europe was a Hitler-American alliance, with America's job having been to stay out of the war. There is a Farragut surname listed with Fers/Ferrats, first found in Dol, Brittany, and ancient kin of Alene-like Alans.

Firmans/Firemans use both a sun and an anchor, the symbols respectively of Hiedlers/Hitlers and Heidlers. Both Firmans/Firemans and English Roosevelts use "Christo," and Christs/Kirsts (Fulk wing design) use only roses. August Kreis...took Aryan Nations over when Richard Butler was forced from the leadership position. The Kriss/Kreis(ler) Coat reflects the Heidler/Hitler Coat, and was first found in Switzerland, where I now trace the Heidler/Hitler surname. Kreis' are said to be derived in "potter," but Potters share white cinquefoils with Bacons and Duncans.

Some/most of the Roosevelt-Nazi material is in the 1st update of April, 2012, at which time it was said: "The ADLER eagle of Roosevelts may itself be a term from "Hiedler." I had reason to trace the Scherf roses to Sparrows, Sprowston, and Fulke elements all in Norfolk...where Chads and Adlers were likewise first found.

The Rienz river may be in code in the Peter surname's "rien" motto term, which may explain the Petit variation of what may have been Puster liners to begin with. Pollocks are still suspect in birthing Hitler's mother for various reasons. For example, the Pollock motto ("Audacter") goes to Ectors sharing two features of the Hiedler/Hitler Coat and one of the Kreis Coat. All three use bendy in red and white, the colors of the Jewish Pollock bend. A Eugene motto term is virtually the Pollock motto term that goes to Egger-like Ectors, and it has only been discovered in this update that Eggs/Eggers/Eggeners are Euganeo liners, but it just so happens that Eggs/Eggeners (Austria and Bavaria) share a diagonally-split Coat with Hiedlers/Hitlers (Bavaria), both with blue halves.

It's Trents that use "Augeo" for a full motto, while Eggs/Eggeners are said to derived from "Ogier or Edgar = prosperity and spear" garbage. The only named person in the write-up is said to be from Tyrol, and thus he can link to a family on the Adige river, the one that goes through Euganeo.

I am seeing a distinct link between Hitler and the Duncan royals.

Posted: Puster Connections of Scottish Royals

This is not the first time that the ancestry of the Scot royals traced to Massey liners. Scaggs'/Skecks, likewise suspect with Schio, show a chevron in Mackay-chevron colors as well as the Maschi lion in colors reversed, important because Benjamites (at Rimmon of Israel) passed through Rimini, where Maschi's were first found (probably of the Maezaei at the Japodes theater). And Maschi's trace to Maceys whom I say were the early Mackays (after some generations, they would become viewed as Mackays = Kays). Maceys are depicted in heraldry with fretty lattice, the symbol that's on the image of Kenneth MacAlpin at his Wikipedia article. Kenneth is said to be the founder of the Scot royals...not long before Crinan, though I'm no longer sure that Kenneth was an historical person. The Kenneth surname shares the stag head with Malcolms. The Maschi's use a PINE cone that can now be gleaned as be part-code for the Alpin line, for the Alpins share the fir tree with Alis' while the latter use "muzzled" bears, the Mackay symbol. We are learning alternative Scottish history.

Here is from the start of the section: "As "adler" is an eagle to Germanics, look at the English Adler Coat, using the Mackay / Quade wolf heads, and what looks like the English Arden Coat but, instead of cinquefoils, uses stars on a red-on-white bend, the colors of the one star on a red-on-white bend that is the Arms of Bolzano." The eagle in that part of the discussion traced to the Puster valley, and then upstream from the Puster is Bressanone, where the Brenners traced that may be using a version of the Scaggs/Skeck Coat. The latter surname was first found roughly in the same place as Capone's (Kupa / Colapis, right?) and pistol-using Hopkins to which I trace Pistols/Pesters, but as Pistols happen to use more red stag heads, which are even in the design of the red Colt/Cult stag heads, it could appear that the Pessit variation of Malcolm-beloved Petits betray their Malcolm link to Pistols/Pesters and Hopkins (in Colton colors).

I didn't know until writing all the above that the Arms of Muhlbach uses a donkey. I can see that it's use is for MUHL, but could this now explain why Duncans have a donkey variation? The Duncan-related Chamberlains (same place as Tarents and Bushers, and beside the Trents) even use a donkey in Crest. Muhlbach is at the source of the Drava, and near Bressanone, and that latter place was of certain Scot royals too, right? Yes, the Brenner-Bruce relationship was at Bressanone. The Freienfeld location beside Muhlbach uses a triangle (and nothing else) in the colors of the Free / Freys/Phreeze horses. Mulhbach uses a donkey in these white-on-green colors. It's interesting that both Chambre's and Chambers were first found in DenBIGh, like the "MuhlBACH" ending, and then a Mule surname (two bends) shares the red-on-white bend with Chambers. Mule's have a virtual copy of the Washington Coat.

Here's one Chamberlain Coat (Sutherland stars?) looking like a version of the Chaddock / Chadwick Shields, important not just because Duncans are from "DunCHAD," but because more roses on a stem are used by Chambre's, the latter from the Arc river of Maccabee liners.

Beside Muhlbach there is a RODENeck location with simple Arms: "The emblem is azure a chevron argent. It is the insignia of the Lords of Rodank who built the RodenEGG Castle in 1140." This reminds of the Blythe-and-Chad link to Maules liners, and so let's repeat that Aide-related Rodhams ("alter" motto term) are also "RODEN." Rodhams and Blythe's were first found in the same basic area, land of Bernicians.

Rodhams/Rodens share the tree stump with Italian Milans (Freienfeld colors), and then Scottish Milans/Millans/MULLens are in the colors of the Catherine wheel of German Mule's. If that's not enough, Milans/Mullens -- with a "DISCO" motto term -- were first found at Tayside, where Dunkeld is located!! (I almost passed writing on the Roden-Milan stumps.) It can all suggest a Crinan > Duncan trace to Muhlbach area, right? As expected. But suddenly Milan seems to be involved in the Mule's.

The Chalmers in the Milan/Mullen write-up look like Callams/Malcolms. Chalmers' (with an 's') are listed with the two Denbigh Chambers surnames. No coincidence. One of them uses the Buchan lions, in case you read concerning the Buchanans in the Milan/Mullen write-up.

It looks like Chads and Quade's were one line, a line to Scottish royals that married the line of Malcolm II (Crinan married the daughter of Malcolm II). If therefore Quade's were of the Quadratilla-Laevillus line, Maccabees are expected in the Dunkeld line, which explains the involvement of Mackays and Meschins. But what was Malcolm II named after if not the Columba line? It tends to mean that the Chad line in Crinan married the Columba line in the Malcolms, yet we are not told this thing that must have been obvious to the historians. What is there to hide?

Malcolm II was a son of Cinaed, anglicized as "Kenneth", son of Malcolm I. According to an account, Kenneth was a despicable leader involved in raiding his neighbors. If you want to call such a man a king, go ahead and be an idiot. There are many historians who are just such idiots. Why acknowledge such a one as a king? So what if he regarded himself as such? It doesn't mean we need to. It is equivalent to a vagabond raiding the house of an historian and taking a "rightful" place as king of that household, and booting the historian out to the dog house. Do we then write about that vagabond as a king? Historians should be re-named, whitewashers. They should be viewed as amoral humanoids (faked human) rather than true humans. Why do I bother making money by working; I should raid the houses of historians and then be glorified for it. The historians would even go out to purchase for me my very own crown, and then say all sorts of titillating things about me for the enjoyment of his readers.

The Wikipedia article tells that Kenneth raided Cheshire and Chester, and so let's not forget that Kenneth MacAlpin, after whom Kenneth was named, is shown at his article with fretty lattice indicating the Macey bloodline that lived in Cheshire. Moreover, fretty lattice is used on mythical Siemowit at his Wikipedia article, and he was the line to Mieszko I. The lousy historians knew things they weren't telling. Here's more proof that Maceys were involved:

In 973 [after raiding Northumbria and Cheshire], the Chronicle of Melrose reports that Kenneth, with Mael Coluim I (Mael Coluim mac Domnaill), the King [capitalized even, let us bow down and worship the vagabonds] of Strathclyde, "Maccus, king of very many islands" (i.e. Magnus Haraldsson (Maccus mac Arailt), King of Mann and the Isles) and other kings, Welsh and Norse, came to Chester to acknowledge the overlordship of the English king Edgar the Peaceable.

We see a Maccus character (10th century), whose despicable family had conquered the Isle of Man, which should explain the "Manu forti" motto of Mackays. We see that Maccus went to Cheshire with some alliance in mind with its Saxon rulers. I now know what could only be speculation until now, that Maceys were in England before the Normans invaded it from Normandy. Interesting here is Maccus' article saying that some identified his father as a Harald of Normandy. I have been tracing Maccabees to Mona (Wales) for some time, but only now learn that Maccus' brother attacked deep into Wales, including Anglesey = Mona. He attacked into Powys and thus smack beside the Chester location where Maceys / Masseys would come to roost as Normandy Normans.

If Harald (concurrent with Rollo) was the one in Normandy, or even if not, there is reason to trace him to Rollo's family in this: "Gofraid's son Ragnall died in Munster in 1005, and he too is called king of the Hebrides. " RAGNall is like RAGNvald, Rollo's father and brother to Malahule, the latter being the known line to Ranulf le Meschin! Zowie. There's some talk in the article on "high king" DonnCHADe of Munster (he's traced to Niall of the Nine Hostages, where Columba is traced), son of a Mrs. MurCHADA, and father of MurCHAD. There is a white moline in Donnchade's Arms, the color of the Iron/Keniron moline.

It just so happens that the cross in the Iron/Keniron Coat was linked to the Eustace cross, and then Eustace's are were first found in the same place (Kildare) as the birthplace of Mrs. Murchada. We have some excellent evidence here for tracing the potent cross that was the Templar flag of Jerusalem, which is traced by others to Godfrey de Bouillon, son of Eustace II, to the line of St. Chad through Mrs. Murchad. Amazing, for I didn't expect to fall upon this so soon.

Her first name, GORMflaithe, tends to trace her to the Gorms/Blue's (same rooster design as Jonathans), first found in the Scot isles next to Bute, namely at Arran, where MacAbee's were first found. Donnchade's father, Brian, can trace to Briancon, 20-25 miles from Modane! It looks like the MacAbee's may have been Maccus liners at first.

It just so happens that Gophers/Gofairs use the a saltire in colors reversed from the Malcolm/Colomb saltire, and that makes Gophers/Gofairs suspect with the flag of Scotland. Gophers/Gofairs were looked up as per Maccus' brother, GOFRaid.

Edgar the "peaceable" descended from Egg-like Egbert of Wessex. Note the three colors (Masci colors) in his Wikipedia image, as well as the white lattice on the couch. Why did they give him a fleur-de-lys staff, if he was a Saxon? Was he French? Egbert's father was from Kent, where Massins/Masons were first found who trace to Massena's using roughly the Masci Coat. They also have Egbert looking like a boy, reminding of what was said two updates ago: "Compare the boy-using Masculine Coat to the Arms of Wessex Royals" (royal-blue Shield?)

There is also a boyish look to Edward Aetheling as he sits on a couch with more white lattice behind him. He was father to queen Margaret of Scotland i.e. wife of Malcolm III. Like Egbert, he's pointing with his index finger, and there is a gold round shape behind both men, possibly a secret besant. The Irons/Kenirons (same place as Quade-related Adlers and Quade-suspect Chads), suspect with king Edmond Ironside (an Aetheling liner), likewise use white lattice (upon their white moline cross).

Maccus' father, Arailt = Harald, might just be the reason for the Harald variation of Herods/Hurls...who use a "hawk's lure" linkable to Hawks using "pilgrim's staves" i.e. suspect with the Chad-line potent crutches. The Crutch surname uses a version of the Crycks Coat (both use pale bars, in colors reversed, with fitchees upon the bars), and the Crichtons use the blue lion of Rory's Bute. This is important because Rory was a MacDonald of the SOMERled kind while Crutch's were first found in SOMERset. And we can see that Domnaill (Donald), father of Malcolm I, is a MacDonald, wherefore let's repeat that MacDonalds share the red spread eagle of Ferte's...because Maceys were from Ferte-Mace, the meaning of the fretty lattice on Kenneth MacAlpin. And that's why Alpins/Appins (same place as MacDonalds and Haralds/Herods) share the fur tree fronted with a diagonal sword with "muzzle"-loving Alis' who in-turn share the Mackay bears.

With the Harald > Maccus line linking to Rory, might this have been the Varangian line from Rurik and his brother, Harald? That is, was this the Ruricius > Rusticus line through king Arthur to Varangians in the Scottish isles (included Bute = Avalon). A read at Maccus' Wikipedia article has him likely in the Hebrides, where the Arthur write-up traces Arthur ancestry. The McLeods (see list of septs) of Skye and Lewis were up the Hebrides way, and they are listed with such septs as Herods, Haralds, and even Lure's.

Rusticus' line married Munderic, and this line birthed Bodegisel of Provence. While I traced Bodegisel to the namers of Bute, I had traced Kenneth MacAlpin to the Melusine-of-Avalon aspects of Guerin of Provence who lived after Bodegisel of Provence. Alpin's sons include a Domnall = Donald such that I'm compelled to see this as a MacDonald line, and the other son, Kenneth above, is the one with lattice at his Wikipedia article. The lattice may be of a deliberate dark gold to disguise the color, because, together with Kenneths red cloak, they're the MacDonald colors.

Kenneth's son, Constantine, could be evidence that Kenneth was myth code, not a real man / name. Who expects Picts to have a name like Constantine? We saw earlier that English Constantine's share the Forres fleur (in Atholl colors probably for a Crinan-line reason) in the same colors while Forres was a Pict region. The Italian Conte's use these colors while English Conte's share the symbols of Cone's while French Constantine's, first found in the same place as French Conte's, use pine trees linkable to pine cones. But why are fleur (French symbol) used at all at Forres of Moray? This Pict-Alba picture needs to be traced to Lissus at the Mathis river of ALBAnia, origin of the fleur-de-lys and of the Mathie/Mann Matheson/Mann surnames that were kin to Mackays at Fortriu. The Mathis flowed through or beside what is now Puke, near Krume, and then Pickers/Peckers/Packers (in Crom/Crum colors) were first found in the same place (Berkshire) as Croms/Crums.

The Bissets (in Pilate colors) were first found at the Fortriu area while Bassets/Besancons (in Bisset colors) were first found at Forez (beside Mont Pilat). The Pilate pheon is at the Atholl theater's Colt/Celt Coat. There's a Pilate-line link to the Crinan-line Scots, wasn't there, who seized Moray and Fortriu for themselves. I'll even bet that the line of Pilate's Pict mother was in Fortriu if it was named after Forez elements. Why does the Forez/Foret Coat look like the Scottish Herod/Harald Coat?

Wikipedia's Fortriu article has a link to the Mounth mountains south of Moray. "The name is a corruption of the Scottish Gaelic monadh which in turn is akin to the Welsh mynydd, and may be of Pictish origin." It looks like the Mynett surname, and may therefore come to prove indication of the Amyntes and/or Munderic line at this northern part of Scotland. The Amyntes' family was at the Perta theater (Lycaonia) that can trace to the namers of Perthshire, but there was also a Perdrix area found recently at Mont Pilat that convinced me instantly to be of the namers of Perthshire.

It's even possible that when Pontius Pilate was moved out of Pictland (en route to the Israeli theater) that the namers of the Mounth mountains were already in Pictland, and that they named Amyntes. That strikes me as plausible, which could then indicate that Pilate was in the midst of the Amyntes family before being chosen to govern Judea. Publius Pulcher, a supporter of Amyntes' father, was traced to the pelican in the Pulley/Pullen surname, which is in Pilate colors. The "Pruder" motto term of the English Mounts (Peebles) is likely for Prude's/Prats, from Cantal and Puy-de-Dome (near Mont Pilat), but first found in Auvergne, where French Mountains married Claviere's! This is a large key. It tends to prove further that Perdrix traces to Perthshire, smack beside the Mounth mountain now suddenly clinched with the Mountians / Mounts. I'm sure there must be a wash basin in Perthshire somewhere, with Pilate's name upon it.

The Mount surname (suspect with the royal lion of Scotland) even uses a capitalized "Constanter" motto term. Constantine was made father to Domnail, father of Malcolm I of Scotland. In the MacDonald write-up, they are also "Domhnull." Is that a French fry in Kenneth's fingers? Do I see a Big Macs on his shoulders? The other guy can't keep the smirk off his face. It's easy to glean that Kenneth went to the trouble of getting his hair nicely braided for the photo, and he was clearly working out with weights for the macho look.

Let's mention that the Prude's (fish) and Pratts traced to a motto term in the fish-uisng Arms of Rieti, for "Dal Riata" is suspect from that place. The Mount lion can be the Bratt-Crest lion, perhaps. There is a good chance that Mountains in Auvergne were from MUNDeric.

The Kenneth article shows an old genealogy tracing him to the Gabrain family to which MacDonald-colored Arthurs are traced in their write-up. The Arthur write-up traced them to this Aiton-suspect one: "Aedan mac Gabrain was a king of Dal Riata from circa 574 until circa 609. The kingdom of Dal Riata was situated in modern Argyll and Bute..." Yep, where king Arthur was made to die. It goes on: "He was a contemporary of Saint Columba, and much that is recorded of [Aedan's] life and career comes from hagiography such as Adomnan of Iona's Life of Saint Columba." It looks like Aedan, whether mythical or not I do not know, is the line where Aide's and Aitons/Artems, both first found in Berwickshire with Arthurs, should trace. Aedan's death is given less than a century after Munderic (died about 533), son-in-law of ARTEMia and husband of ARTHemia.

Munderic (no parents given at his Wikipedia article) was suspect in a foggy but very-feasible link to Itte of Metz, herself traced to Bernicians of the Bebba kind, and so it should be added: "The Irish annals record Aedan's campaigns against his neighbours, in Ireland, and in northern Britain, including expeditions to the Orkney Islands, the Isle of Man, and the east coast of Scotland. As recorded by Bede, Aedan was decisively defeated by Æthelfrith [Bebba's husband] of Bernicia at the Battle of Degsastan. Aedan may have been deposed, or have abdicated, following this defeat. His date of death is recorded by one source as 17 April 609." Aedan should be from the family of Guaire Aidhne that was traced some updates ago, before introducing Munderic two updates ago, to Guerin of Provence, what a coincidence, for Munderic's son ruled there. Munderic is timed such that he could have been father to Aedan, but let's keep in mind that Artemia was the daughter of Rusticus, son-in-law of Ruricius, suspect with the Rurik > Rory line on Bute.

Here's what I'm seeing: the Munderic > Bodegisel line in Provence was part of the line to the Scot royals via rulers of Rothesay (later Bute) and Dal Riata, explaining why Aedan's family is in MacAlpin's ancestry. Was Aedan a real person, son of Munderic? Or were both "Aedan" and "Gabrain" invented as code for surnames? There is a Gabber surname using crossed swords that can be the Excalibur, or the swords of Swords = Siward of Northumberland. Perhaps the truth will come out with some further dabbling.

Malcolm II is said to have received the name, Forranach, from a poet, and while Wikipedia defines the term as "the destroyer," I say it's code for Forrans/Forehams and related Forhams/Formans sharing footless martlets, the symbol you see in the Arms of Royal Wessex. With no thought whatsoever on Edward Aetheling, I traced Forhams/Formans to VRM, count of Angusta, because the FORMan dragon is also the WORM dragon. Not long afterward, I realized that Agatha, wife of Edward Aetheling, could be from Helena, daughter of Vrm of Angusta (he could be hard to find online). But I did not know until now that Formans could link to Malcolm II. In other words, it looks like Malcolm (or his wife) was himself from Vrm, even as Edward would marry a Vrm liner in giving birth to Malcolm's great-granddaughter.

I had traced "ANGUSta" to "Angus," which happens to be smack beside Dunkeld. I had traced Bacons to Bacau, but that was long before this update found that Duncans should be using the Bacon cinquefoils. After a slight correction a few months ago, Angusta was identified upon the modern Trotus river...which flows right past a "Bacau" mountain system on my atlas! I also ventured to trace proto-Numidians to NEAMT, where the Bistrita flows with a mouth at Bacau, and learned that the Neams are listed with the NAME's, wherefore see the Forran/Foreham write-up tracing the early surname to "Gilla na NAOMH." It just so happens that the Forran/Foreham Shield is split in half in the colors of the Neam/Name quarters.

There is no Firm(e) surname coming up for the "firma" term of Bacons, but Firmins/Virmans share the anchor with Formans/Forhams that come up as "Ferman." The latter use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Bacons in colors reversed. Moreover, Firmins/Virmans share the lion-head design of Neams/Name's, as well as using "Christo" while Forrans/Forhams use "Christi." If that can be code for a line to the CRESTien variation of Chretiens, then its notable that the Chretien lions heads are also the Neam/Name lion heads in the same colors. To assure that Firmins link to Bacons/BEACONs, they share the three lion heads (same colors) with Luffs/Love's while the latter use the three red-on-white fesse bars of BEACON-using Fullers, a good reason for linking Bacau elements to Vrm of nearby Angusta.

I don't recall one surname first found in the Isle of Man (origin of Maccus and the Mackays, right?) aside from the Christian, with grails in Chretien/Crestien colors and sharing the Mackay chevron. This is IMPORTANT, for Aide's had linked to Mackays too, and the Levi's honor both Aide's and Chretiens. Here's from the 3rd update of this past January:

French Wikipedia has an article on Saint-Victor-de-Crestienville, locating it 15 miles south-east of Lisieux. This locates it roughly at Bernay; I assume that Crestienville is at that area...I've just found a Christin location in Manche, and because I trace that place to the Manx people on the Isle of man, the Christin/Christian surname, first found in the Isle of Man, can apply....In Chess colors, Christins use grails in the colors of the same of Shaws / Pilotte's / Gaudens. The Christin chevron is called "humetee," and then Hume's were first found in the same place as Aide's. Hume's had been traced to Humorului, beside Falticeni [north side of Neamt].

The Hume Coat is just one lion in white-on-green, the colors that were seen at the Muhlbach theater, at the western end of the Puster valley. At the eastern end, the lion in the Arms of Lienz could be for the flame-using Lion/Leon surname (Gascony, familiar lion) that comes up as "Liens." It can of course link to Lyon, and then Lyons use the lion in colors reversed from the Hume lion. There seems to have been a migration of Siret-river clans to the Lienz area of Austria.

Others using the humetee (shortened) feature are Nancys/Trengoffs and Brabants, though I don't think I ever clinched "humetee" with Hume's. The latter's "True" motto term is for True's/Trow's sharing the feathered helmet of Lannoys, while Lannoys share the Lyon = Hume lion.

There are several more reasons for tracing Scottish elements to the Siret that flows through Bacau, which cannot all be repeated here. But let's mention the Sire/Siret surname's trace to Justine of Picenum, for Justine's were first found in Perthshire, once again smack at the Dunkeld theater. The Scottish Rome's/Rooms traced without doubt to Roman upon the Siret, and then Romneys share the Pulley/Pullen Coat while the latter use footless martlets in colors reversed from the Forman/Forham martlets. The latter are likely using a version of the Drummond bars, and then George, father of Drummonds, came to Scotland in 1055, in the time of Malcolm III (crowned 1057), i.e. husband of Margaret, whom I'm now pegging as Vrm's great-granddaughter.

The source of the Mures river is smack at one end of a 30-mile pass through the Carpathians from Neamt. I say that the Ross-of-Andrew clan of Ross-shire was founded by George (after he got rewards from Malcolm III), and named after an Andrew that was either king Andrew of Hungary (George's father), or an Andrew born to king-Andrew's line. The Bissets, in Drummond colors and first found in Ross-shire, trace to the BISTrita river through Neamt. The Rose's, because they lived beside Ross-shire, should, like the Ross', be from the Varangian RUS on one side of George's ancestry. The Scottish "royals" didn't want to disclose these things, obviously.

Now look at what just happened. The Worm Coat was finally loaded for a peek, checking for further links to the discussion. It had me wondering whether the green Worm / Forman dragon might link to the green dragon in the Arms of Gaimberg on the north side of Lienz. Trying to recall what other locations were beside Lienz, OBERlienz (six-petal flower), on the west side of Lienz, came to mind because the Forman bend-with-lone-central-symbol is in the colors of the OVER bend-with-lone-central-symbol! Zowie. And the Over symbol is a fret. That tends to trace Vrm of Angusta to Lienz, where the Dunkeld dynasty had just traced, so remarkable. Heraldry talks.

Recall king Maccus of Man making alliances in Cheshire, where Overs were first found. Then recall the Christians, first found on Man, for Forrans/Foremans use a "Christi" motto term while being in Christian colors. And lookie here, for while the Forrans/Forehams, with "LuCRUM" motto term," came up as per a poetic Forranach name given for Malcolm II, so we find that Crombys, first found beside Dunkeld, where they were granted lands by Malcolm VII of Fife. I'm not finished. The white-on-green of the Cromby cross was seen in the Muhlbach donkey, and that led to the Milans/Mullens likewise first found at the Dunkeld theater, and very related to Dunkelds. Then, at the other end of the Puster valley, the Arms of Lienz shares a quatrefoil in colors reversed from the Croms/Crumps. I'm not finished. The Arms of Thurn (north side of Lienz), split in half white and green, share the book with Scottish Reeds, first found in the same place (ABERdeenshire) as Crombys. I'm not finished. The Reeds (share red chevron with Pusters) share the red stag heads of the Pistol/Puster Coat!

Now, if correct that Pistols/Pusters and related Hopkins (suspect with Capone's) were Quintus Caepio liners, it helps to clinch it where Reeds use a "copia" motto term. But let's also re-mention the Dutch Reeds sharing the so-called "CRAMPon" with German Tyrols, for it looks like one can now trace Crombys / Croms and Reeds to Lienz (in Tyrol) too. Where does it stop before all of Scotland traces there? But why? The Croms and the crampon had traced to Krume too, near Capone-suspect Cupionich. The Krume area had traced with Silvers to the Rhaetian mountains near Tyrol, and the Reeds were gleaned in a trace with Roets (book) to those mountains, and even the BistRITA-suspect Rita's were able to apply.

The Holms were checked as Hume/Home possibilities. It was noted that the holt-like endings on German Holms look Colt-like, relevant because the red Reed / Puster stag heads are also the Colt/Celt stag heads. Holms use antlers on royal blue, and this "royal" code was actually traced to Roets of MontREUIL, remarkable enough here. Then the Holts (Lancashire, same as English Holms) were re-loaded to find a squirrel in Crest, the symbol in the Crest of Holt-related Hazels that trace to Has, at Krume! Holts are traced to "grove" garbage = code, and then Grove's are suspect with the Quint chevron too. The "dessux / dessoux" motto terms of Grove's had become suspect with the "Disce" term of Duncans / Donkeys, because the donkey-using Chamberlains use "ProDESSE." The Ebers are listed with Eberlings for an "Oberlienz" possibility. There is also the Ebberlein/Eberling surname, first found in Austria. The Eber/Eberling boar compares with the Berlin bear, the latter in the colors of the Ebberlien eagle. The gold demi lion in the Ebberling Crest is in the Forran/Foreham Crest, and both surnames use a shield split in half in gold and blue.

I didn't have too much of a problem with Massey liners being the creation of "Mason," Nor did I have much of a problem with realizing that the red royal-Scottish lion was that of Ranulph le Meschin, but I am a little shocked to see how Scot-royal ancestry, on both sides of Duncan I, should be a Massey thing too. I suppose this is the reason for "Scottish-Rite" Freemasonry. The "tot" motto term of Hamon(d)s suggests the Totts using nothing but a swan in both Coat and Crest. Tattons are said in their write-up to be from Dunham-Massey/Masci (location named after Hamon de Masci) and Tottenhams, using the dancette perhaps of Cattolica-based Cheatle's (Cheshire), show a red lion in Crest "charged on the shoulder with a bar dancette"; it's a white dancette, while the Rands (Burgh colors) show white chevrons on the shoulder area of the same red lion, in both colors of the lion at Wikipedia's Ranulph-le-Meschin article. The Rands are said to be from "Randolph," and then the father of Thomas Randolph of Moray is said to have been Adam Kilconquhar\, whose mother was a Comyn surname i.e. Cheshire-related.

What should we expect in Scot-Irish ancestry as they themselves trace to Miletus along the Maeander river? This river has origin in Phrygia, wherefore one expects Phrygians moving down the river if they were able. Phrygia is where the Brogitarus cult operated, and safe to say, Phrygians still lived there at that time, especially as they were known as Brigians i.e. Brogitarus appears named after Phrygians. I wish I understood how Maccabees got to Akmonia if that idea is correct. While the Bassus line was out of Akmonia, Manders use besants, and the way to know that Manders trace to the Maeander is by comparing their Coat to the Rhodes Coat (red lions and more besants).

The Milner-Rhodes relationship that some cite for the British Illuminati is interesting now that the Quade wolf heads have traced to the Tigranes > Quadratus line while Milners use the Quade wolf heads in the same colors (essentially). It could indicate the Milners are of the Millens/Milans/MULLENS suspect earlier with donkey-using Muhlbach. The latter location is beside Brixen/Bressanone, an entity that can trace to Phrygians and even to Brogitarus himself.

I haven't realized until now that the Rhodes Coat is a version of the Deacon and Decan Coats, and for that reason all three are linkable to the Aitons coming up as "Artem." The latter use the Rhodes cross but substituting red roses around it for the red lions of the other three. It appears that Manders trace in particular to the Brogitarus > Artemidoros line, in which case the same should be true for surnames using the salamander...such as Julians sharing the crosses of Teague's, and Sagans/Segans suspect with the Segni's/Segurana's from the Sakarya, home of the Brogitarus > ArtemiDOROS line, and first found in the same place as DORIA's.

Some years before learning of the "Laus Deo" in the Mander motto, I learned of that phase being written at the top of the Washington Monument. At that time, I identified the phrase with Dionysus, whose symbol, the leopard, is in the Rhodes Crest. Dionysus was traced (by me) to Oeneus ("wine man") in Messene, the who was made father of Methoni, origin of both Maccabees and Freemasonry.

As the Agrippa line from Mariamne Maccabee was cousin to the Tigranes line, let's repeat that the Grape/Gripp/Grubner surname is said to be from "DIGGER of GRAVes." While no Digger surname comes up, it sure smacks of the Tigers / TIGRanes. Note that Tigger (a tiger) on Winnie the Pooh comes with a mule. Why? At Wikipedia's Winnie-the-Pooh article, there seems to be conflicting stories on the naming of "Winnie," which, because it looks like both reports are lies, is why Winnie the Pooh can be figured as code for Veneti on the Po, from the Heneti Phrygians. Then, king Midas was given donkey ears (by Apollo), and Midas happens to have been a Phrygian. Was "Midas" a Mitanni entity that named Modi'in? Yes, Midas could have been the line to Modon/Methoni in Messene, for Wikipedia has a statement saying that he was a take from a Meshech entity...linkable to Mysians.

Winnie the Pooh was created by a Milne surname. He said he named Winnie after a zoo bear by that name, and then it says he named it after his "adopted hometown" of Winnipeg. It sounds like conflicting stories. "Adopted hometown" sounds like it was NOT his hometown, or that he adopted it because he needed a good lie for telling the world why he choose "Winnie." But as it seems he needed to make-up a second story, it sounds like his first was being discovered as a falsification. The Rhodes family of secret-society circles were diamond-jewel peoples with the Bernician-suspect de-Beers, and here we have a Mr. Milne naming his bear, Edward.

I'm starting to get the impression that the Berenicianus line should be tracked to the land of the Veneti, at the proto-Merovingians there about Este and Euganeo. From there, it moved up the Adige river as some proto-Saxons and proto-Bernicians. As this Berenicianus line would go to king Arthur's bear symbol, note that Dutch De Beers were first found in Utrecht, a location suspect with the Atrebates namers of Atrecht in Artois. The pelican-using Pelles' honored in the Crest of pelican-using Arthurs/ARCHiBURE's were first found in the same place (Lincolnshire) as Rhodes' and Tygers/Tigers. There's a pattern here.

Kenneths, using a rock in flames, are shown as "Whinny." Poe's/Po's/Poughs show crescents in flames, as do Patents/Putins. Kenneths could be Kennedys that trace to the Heneti > Veneti line, I suppose.

English Beers (same bear design as German Beers) were first found roughly where king Arthurs was made born. The raven on the gold garb in the Beer Crest looks like the raven in the Crest of Rockefeller-suspect Rooks. German Beers were first found in Silesia and Bohemia, probably a home of some Wends. These Beers show a Beerli variation starting to look like the bear-using Berlins. Wikipedia: "For people living in the medieval Northern Holy Roman Empire and its precursors, especially for the Saxons, a Wend (Wende) was a Slav living in the area west of the River Oder...Today, only one group of Wends still exists: the Lusatian Sorbs in present-day eastern Germany." The ones west of the Oder were at Berlin. The Lusatian Sorbs should be suspect with mythical Melusine's mother, the line to Mile liners. Are we detecting inclusion of the Melissena Khazars?

German Beers use a white bear in Crest, possibly related to the "polar" bear of Danish and Norwegian Winters, a branch of Wend-suspect Winders. The Wends = Vandals (also "Vindrs / Venders") happen to be from Veneti, what a poohincidence. It looks like one might be able to seek Berenicianus lines in the Wends, and finally in the Windsors. It just so happens that Modens/Modeys were first found in the same place as Windsor castle.

The white Beer bear is not called a polar bear in its description page, but perhaps the reason is for keeping secret its links to the Winters (identified with Uther-related Windsors). The polar bear may be simply play on "winter," or it may include the Polar bloodline...since "Polar" can link to the pelican-using Pulleys/Pullens and Pelles'/Pells. Polars (Cornwall, same place as Arthur's birth) are the ones sharing red scallops with Pulleys/Pullens. The white stag in the Polar Crest should link to Eustace's, and to the white deer of the colors of the white bears, right?

English Winders (CUMBERland) use another white Crest, a deer, same as the white Polar stag above, but with twist probably to honor the Deer surname. English Winders even share the Pulley/Pullen and Patent motto, "Nulla PELLEScere culpa." No coincidence.

German Winders (BAVARIA) share the same bend with Berwickshire's Aide's, as well as using red wings with white bars, looking linkable to the Jewish-Glass wings with bars; it's Scottish Glass' that use Melusine.

German Winters translate their motto: "The greater the power of the observed." What does that mean? I know what it is: the argument used by the Rothschild Illuminati to keep an all-seeing-eye on the world because they know best what's good for it. It's a positive / humanitarian way of describing a control-freak's global ambitions for having recourse, as best as possible, to control things so that all wealth flows into its coffers. The Illuminati doesn't make members by describing its ambitions accurately, but rather whitewashes them by saying things like, "The greater the power of the observed." Did the mothers of these trolls teach them it's rude to stare?

On Winnie the Pooh, the mule is EEYORE, while I identified Midas' father, Gordias, as the EORdaea area stamped along the river circling mount Bermius (lower-right, east side of Lyncestes), the latter being said to be of Midas' ancestry. What comes to your mind when you see even cartoons devised to reflect mythical characters? Do you see "pagans" in the modern times seeking to educate your children? How many cartoons shows do you know of that mentions God even once? Was there really any-such thing as "innocent" cartoons? Goodness in paganism is a merely an aspirin taken for healing a spiritual disease.

Lyncestes is interesting if I was correct to trace Aegyptus to Methoni, for he was the Danaan-related mythical father of Lynceus. That would tend to trace Methoni elements to Lyncestes. The Lynceus Danaans (included Alans) were traced very recently to Manche! That could get them to Isle of Man too, home of the Maccus Maccabees. So, when we see Chamberlains with a donkey and traceable to Chambre on the same Arc river as Modane, isn't that suspicious? I used to think that the origin of the Chamberlain donkey was purely in honor of a Duncan variation, but, perhaps the reality is that the donkey symbol carried over from Arc-river people at Chambre and nearby Chambery into Britain's Cumbrians, and then named the Donkey variation of Duncans.

By the way, being at the Pooh article just now, this was spotted: "Edward Bear ("Winnie-the-Pooh")" Winnie was originally Edward Bear? That must surely be a take on the Edward Saxons of a Bernician line.

Back to the deer of Winters, possible code for Deira/Dere (proto-Yorkshire essentially), part of the Bernician kingdom of Bebba's husband. Maltons/Molsons, perhaps the namers of a Malton location at Deira, use lattice, and are said to be from a MUELES location (Normandy). As Muhlbach is beside Bruce-suspect Bressanone/Brixen, let's take stock of the Bruce-of-Yorkshire lion in the Pickering Coat (blue lion paw in Crest suggesting the Quint lion paw), for Pickering is beside Malton.

The donkey god had been Tartak of the Avvites, suspect in naming the surname of Julius Avitus, very interesting because he married Julia Maesa, herself suspect from Massyas, a land beside Emesa that was also "Marsyas," that being the very name of the mythical goat that indirectly caused Midas to get donkey ears. If that's not enough, the Marsyas goat is to be taken as the proto-Marsi at/near Avitus-like Avezzano, while the garbs of the Aves/Avison surname. The possibility is that Appius and Appiano were Avvite entities.

Years ago, I stressed an Avvite trace to Abello = Apollo. I therefore traced Avvites to the naming of Abila, the location near Emesa that named the larger Abilene area, and I assumed that Apollo (as a term) was born from that place. I don't recall where exactly Abilene covered, but it may have been wholly in, or overlapping, Massyas. This is the entity suspect in Maccabee formation. I even found that Apollo has a scorpion symbol while they say that "Gareb" at Jerusalem means, or sounds like the word for, "scorpion." The Hebrew / Canaanite word, if I recall correctly, allowed other hard creatures to apply, like crabs.

Crabs share the fleur supposedly owned by Bellamy-related Plows/Ploughs. Isn't that the Baal cult? Wasn't Apollo/Abello just another word for Baal? But this god was spelled, Ba'al, what could have been understood as, Ba-El, where "El" is known to mean "God" to Semites So, Baal may have been the God of Ba, or, as "Abello," the god of Aba. In the Bible, Avvites are "Avviy," where "iy" is the suffix, wherefore the root was "Av / Avv." In any case, one can see here a trace of Gareb all the way to Bellamys of Perche, and that's aside from the fact that Gareb-like Harveys use the Bellamy fesse or that Gareb-like Garveys use the two Perche chevrons. The reason the Bellamys of Perche merged with Maceys at Ferte-Mace can go back to Apollo elements at Massyas and Abilene.

Years ago, I traced "Gareb" to "Jerevan," an Armenian capital, and then traced Garebites to the naming of Harbiye, which was later re-named Antioch by the Seleucids not many generations before Antiochus IV of Commagene. He was the father of Iotapa, wife of Berenicianus' brother, Julius Alexander Maccabee, of the Maccabee-Seleucid bloodline. It's known that rulers of Jerevan became the Yervand dynasty that Greeks called Orontids, and then Antiochus IV (of Commagene) was of the Orontid dynasty. This entity named the Orontis river with a source in the Beqaa Valley smack at Massyas! It flows up to the Antioch theater. Iotapa above married the son of Tigranes, king of Armenia under Roman supervision.

I've only just realized that my claim of Garebite representation by the Greek corvos = crow plays well to the CORONIS crow smacking of the ORONTIS river. In fact, zowie, the owl was called Ascalaphus, which was essentially the son of Coronis! This can be important where Taggerts use the owl and where they may have been named in honor of Tigranes. The Quarters/Wherters use an Ascalepios rod, same as the caduceus rod of Hermes that was code for the Cadusii Armenians at mount Sion, which peoples named Kadesh (very apparently), at the sources of the Orontes river. That area was also the Abilene theater, and then Apollo was essentially the Coronis crow (he created it).

It may mean that the heraldic owl can be code either for Owl-like surnames or for Asclepios liners, or both if the Owl-like surnames were Asclepios liners.

The Coronis-Orontis connection tends to trace the Lapiths of Coronis and Phlegyas (her father, king of Lapiths) to the Orontis (flows toward Lapith-like Aleppo) while suggesting a Chora-of-Patmos trace to the Orontis. SKALA of Patmos was the basis for the ASCLEpios cult, apparently, though the term seems to be part-code for Lapiths when read as "AscLEPIOS." This new finding thus traces Patmos to Armenians, which was my claim as per PatMOS tracing to Mus at Armenia's Lake Van. That Mus area was also "Tarun," traceable to the red eagles (Phoenix suspects) of the Taran/Tarent surname (now a frontburner topic). The Pan / Phoenix entity from the namers of Van was at Panias/Banias, at the base of mount Sion, and so all of these and related elements (likely TYRians too) can be expected at the Trento theater / TYRol theater.

Ravens are used by Dikers/Dykers in the colors and format of the bee-using Mounds/MUNTs/Minds. "Tigranes" was also "Dikran."

Avvites were traced to mythical ABAS (one on EUBOEA), now suspect with the Mopsus-like oracle cult of ABAEUS at Phocis (beside the Apollo Oracle at Delphi). The proto-Maccabee Mitanni of Yuya (and perhaps other Mitanni lines were involved) were traced exactly to Phocaea (not the same as Phocis but one may make the link), and the pierced stars of tiger-using Medleys (beside the Mynetts) were linked (weeks ago) to the same of Foggs in a trace to Foca, the modern Phocaea. If you understand me, Medleys and Medlicotts/Modleys are being viewed as Mitanni > Methoni > Modon liners merged with a Tigranes line(s).

Foggs were first found in the same place as same-colors Mynetts and Hamonds, and the latter, closely related to the Pierce's, use stars in colors reversed from the pierced Fogg / Medley stars. But there are more pierces stars, in Hamon-star colors, in the BRIXen Coat, important because Hamon de Massey is now suspect with the naming of Ranulph le Meschin, son of BRIQUESsart. Is this tracing the Tigranes Maccabees to Brixen at Trentino-Alto? It's right beside Muhlbach.

Recall the Grimaldi's of Liguria, for Phocaeans co-founded Ligurians. Foggs are using annulets in the colors of the same of Phrygian suspect Froggs/Frocks found in code in the Grimaldi write-up. It looks like Foggs were a Phocaean branch that named themselves like the Frogg variation of Frocks (same place as Pierce-related Bellamys and Meschins) as per a Phocaean merger with Grimaldi liners. GriMALDi's had been suspect with Mallets, but what about the namers of Malton in Deira? The Maltons/Molsons were from Mueles at Calvados, at Lisieux upon the Touques river. That's where Mitanni-suspect Gace is located, how about that! This is suggesting that the donkey-depicted Phrygians may have been in Grimaldi's and Frocks/Froggs. CRINan was already suspect with Grimaldi and Massey liners, and his line produced the Duncans and Donkeys. Malton is at Yorkshire, where Meschins had a branch, and we just saw why le-Meschin's father should be related to Bruce's at Yorkshire that themselves had a branch at the Muhlbach area. The Fogg write-up traces to GRAZing CATTLE on the GRASS.

ZOWIE, the entire paragraph above was written before entering "Mules" to find a version, essentially, of the Washington Coat! I had forgotten it when mentioning Gace (= proto-Washington bloodline). Remember, Midas was given donkey ears while he's suspect as a Mitanni-Meshech merger, and he got the donkey ears as per as music contest = a Muse-of-Apollo theme = Mysians.

After writing the above on the potential link of Grimaldi's to Malton of Deira, the following was found from a few months ago: "...the Maily/Maillet Crest stag is called a 'deer,' as is the Mallet Crest"!!! Zowie, that tends to prove that the heraldic deer is for Deira elements, and moreover tends to equate Mallets with Maltons from Mueles. Mallets are said to descend from earls of both Mercia and Northumberland to a certain Gerard, viking leader in league with Rollo. It reminds me of the proto-Macey suspects of Maccus living in England prior to Rollo's conquering of Normandy. And then there's Rollo's uncle, MALahule. Anything looking like "Maules" is now suspect from Chads.

Of further interest is that Mallets are using what could be a scallop-version (Meschin scallops?) of the Cheshire garbs in the Avis/Avison Coat, and then Avezzano's were first found in the same place (Sardinia) as Malta's/Maletto's. I'll bet the latter's "column" is code for Malcolms/Colombs. This can be true in spite of Malta's being an Italian family because the Coat could have originated in Normans in Sardinia. In other words, Italian families can be using symbols with English-term codework. You can even read on the HAUTeville Normans in the Malta write-up, and then Mallets use a "HAUT" motto term. Now we know that Mallets and Maltons/Molsons were of the namers of Malta. The Malta lion is in the colors of the Ross lion, and the white column with it is used by Rose-related Bosco's.

Here's the Muhlbach Arms: "The emblem is crossed diagonally by an argent wavy stream on vert; at the top a water wheel and an argent donkey at bottom. The water wheel symbolizes the water mill once numerous in the area for the grinding; the donkey represents the pack animals used for the transport" Pack animals my backside. The water mill could be code for Mule-line Mills, Millers and such. Letchworth traced to the Puster valley at the opposite end of Muhlbach, and the Arms-of-Letchworth triple chevrons are shared by Waters in the same colors. Scottish Rose's use WATER bougets, and Roosevelts are kin of Clairs / Clare's sharing triple chevrons in the red color of the Water's. French Clairs were first found in the same place as French Rose's, and one French Clair Coat uses only roses, in the colors of the German-Rose roses. German Rose's were first found in the same place (Silesia, traces to Sulcis in Sardinia) as Brixens.

As Brixen and Muhlbach both traced to the Crinan > Malcolm line, and as they are now tracing to Deira at Yorkshire, let's repeat that the York saltire is also the Malcolm/Colomb saltire. These saltires are in the colors of the Bruce's of Yorkshire, and, probably, carried to Malcolm lines by a Bruce line. But that insists that Bruce's adopted the saltire from king Andrew of Hungary, which recalls that Andrew's grandson, Maurice Drummond, was called "Marot de Yorvik," a phrase that may no longer be online aside from in my works.

Here is a MUHLwald location not far from Muhlbach, and said to be named in regards to the water or mill wheel in its arms. But I'm starting to glean that this is the Melusine > Milo line, and not just because Mile's/Mills and Mills/Meiles' were first found in the same place (Hampshire) as the Miles'. Years ago, Melusine the Elvin Faery Princess was identified (by me) with the Vere-of-Drakenberg trace of their Mitanni line (their claim) to king Alpin, and here I not only find the fir tree (Alpin symbol) in the Arms of Muhlwald, but in neighboring Terenten, the Arms uses "a sable plough on gules background," while it's the Very/Fairy surname (Stewart lion?) that uses a plough, in the black color of the Terenten plough!!

But there's more, for the Plough/Plow surname is the one said to have received the white-on-blue fleur-de-lys from a king, and that symbol was seen in a Rangel Coat, in Rangabe colors, and for other reasons the Rangels were clinched in my mind with Rangabe's, and thus with Melissena Rangabe. This is quite an amazing thing, to trace Melusine like this to particular small towns in South Tyrol.

This would be a good time to mention the Posters/Posts, first found in Hampshire, and using the same lion as Poole's/Pole's (from Poole on the Hampshire-Dorset border). As Pistols/Pusters are suspect with Quintus Caepio, it's notable that the Poster / Poole lion is colors reversed from the Caepio-line lion. French Pole's can therefore be using the Petit/Pessit lion. The Poster / Pole lion is colors reversed to the same of Pickerings/Puckerings, who may have been named after Pek-river elements...because I trace the Caepio-line lion to Cuppae. Again, as with the Quint Crest, the Pickering Crest has a lion paw, and it's in blue too. There is a Picker/Pecker/Packer surname, in Pek/Peck colors, and sharing a Moor's head with Chappes. Peckers/Packers are in Capes' / Happs/ABBs colors and first found beside the first-known Capes', Capone's, and pistol-using Hopkins/HABBagans.

At the Austrian end of the Puster valley, there is a DOLsach location, showing what looks like the top of a column, in Rangabe / Plough colors, and then the Plough fleur are used also by English Dole's. Hmm. The Dolsach column, or whatever it is, is in the colors of the Bosco / Schore pillar / column, but using royal blue. Irish Dole's use the red stags of Colts/Cults to whom the Dunkelds trace.

We then go to Kiens (beside Muhlbach), where we find the Arms, a curved white-on-red pile, said to be borrowed from a Schoneck family, evoking the Stone of Scone that Scottish royals swore by when getting crowned. AND FOR YOUR INFORMATION, the Schoneck Coat (Brandenburg) happens to use the white-on-blue (Scone colors) wavy fesse of the German (Mecklenburg) Dols/Dollens!!! Here's the Schone's (Prussia) in case they apply.

Next, we go to the Natz-Schabs location (beside Muhlbach), where the place and its Arms (heron in flames) are said to relate to "Sebs und Lyne," otherwise known as the Schabs (Swabia). There is such a surname, but its Schob variation reminded of the Schobie's, first found in the same basic place (Perthshire) as the Scone's (Stirling) and the Dunkeld location! Phenomenal. Fortunately, there's no scared Doberman in the Schobie Coat. The Schabs/Schobs could be using Atholl colors. Scottish Lyne's are listed with Lyons.

Repeat from earlier when on the Lienz topic: "German Line's/Linds share a "manu" motto term with Mackays." The Mackays were close kin to Schobie's.

Likewise beside Muhlbach is a Lorenzen location that can now trace to Stewarts in Lanark / GLASgow (I have that sense). Italian Lorenzens (tulip) use an upright talbot, rare, and it's a giant one like the Fortuna talbot. The, I just had a good laugh after seeing what could be a grill in the Spanish Lorenzen Coat. The Arms of Lorenzen uses "Saint Laurence, with a vert palm in his right hand and a grill on the left, on argent. " As it turned out, the Spanish Lorenzens (Fortuna colors) did use a grill: "A red shield with a silver grille and a silver border charged with eight red saltires." The two black fesse bars in the Schab/Schob Coat can now be gleaned as the two bars of PALMers. The Lorenzens of Spain were first found in the same place (Asturias) as Flora's. It reminds of the Palmer / Fleck trace (last update) to the Fiora river.

Aha! I misspelled "Flora" as Flory (beside the Grills) to find the three fleur of the Dole's/Dollens! The Flora's (Fiora colors) use fleur in half the Flory-fleur colors, and in both colors of the Schone fleur.

As I trace Larins / Lawrence's to the Laurie's / Lowrys, it's probably relevant that the latter two use grails, like "Grill." The Grail variation of Neils may apply.

Next, the Arms of Mareo (beside Lorenzen) has: "the head's dog of argent, with an or collar on gules [Ross colors], which represents the arms of the Lords of Ros that in thirteenth century had a castle in the village. The fourth arms is a sable hound with a gules bone in the jaws on argent; it's the coat of Pracken family, one of the oldest families in Tyrol..." It's not perfect English. The black dog's head is on red, the colors of the Fortuna talbot dog. The Arms is not shown so that we don't know whether it's a talbot, but as the hound is black on white, like the talbot of Italian Lorenzens, I think these two dogs -- with the Ros' and Prackens -- can be linked to neighboring Lorenzen. Just found a black-on-gold talbot of the Pracks/Brachens/Bracks (said to be named after the hunting dog), which is in the colors and design of the Carrick talbot. Carricks gave birth to royal Bruce's, if that helps to trace Bruce's to Bressanone. There are also English Bracks/Brecks/Britch's with hunting horns that should link to the Pracken hound.

The talbot in the Prack/Brachen Crest is between "horns," and Horns show herons in the colors of the Natz-Schabs heron. Beside Mareo is a Cortina location that can go to the Cours/Courts because they were first found in Brittany. There is an Italian Cortina/Corte surname in Dole/Dollen colors, and sharing a fesse in Dole/Dollen colors. Cortina is across the South-Tyrol border into Veneto's Belluno province, important because the other Dole's, in Dole/Dollen colors, share the Plough Shield, both being versions of the Bellamy fesse, in my opinion, because "Plough/Plow" itself looks like a Bellamy / Bellow / Blois branch. The Bellino's/Bellene's, first found on the Adige river, share the bear paw with Powys' of Wales, land of the Brits that named Brittany. The three Cortina pale bars can go to the three of the Knights, whom are using a version of the BLOIS-and-Chatillon pale bars. The Carpenters, first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Blois' and Knights, with honor the Belli's in their motto, and Italian Belli's, with six pale bars in colors reversed from the six Carpenter pale bars, were first found in Verona, where bear-paw Bellino's were first found. The Welsh god by roughly the Bellino surname thus traces well to the namers of Belluno province.

If that's not enough, Belleme and the Bellamys, as well as Alencon, are on Orne, while Orne's are listed with Horns/Herons. The Mountain-related Money's were from Monnay of Orne, and if they trace to the Mounth area, that's roughly where Schobie's were first found, of obvious importance where Natz-Schabs is the place using a heron.

There can be no doubt that Dols and Alans were living in the South-Tyrol area from the Templar period at least. The city of Belluno uses red dragons, the color of the Welsh dragon, which can become the white-on-red dragons in the Coat of the Suffolk Blois'. A writer at Wikipedia's Belluno article shows his/her inexcusable ignorance by tracing the city's name as fact to a beautiful hill. I am pretty gracious because I make plenty of mistakes too, but this sort of empty-headed factualizing climbs to repulsive and should be called out. In any case whatsoever of the naming of a place, a surname or people group may be behind it.

Orne's/Horns/Herons were first found in the same place (Durham) as Conte's, and the latter had the Comyn entity while Comyn uses the motto, "COURage," possibly for the Cours/Courts. As we just saw a trace of Malta's to Sardinia, let's expect the Courts and Corte's/Cortina's to trace to neighboring Corsica. The Corse's/Carse's (Blade saltire?) were first found in the same place (Perthshire) as Schobie's. The Comyns are the ones sharing the same Coat with Avis'/Avisons, and Avezzano's were likewise first found on Sardinia. Plus, the Comyn surname was that of the wife of Adam Kilconquhar, who married Marjorie Carrick. It therefore looks like Marjorie's family in Fife (once again beside Dunkeld) traces to the Cortina / Natz-Schabs theater. In fact, while it was said that Marjory and Adam were the parents of Thomas Randolph of Moray, his Arms (Wikipedia article) use lozenges in the colors of the lozengy in the Schobie Chief. We are learning something today that the Stewarts have not been willing to cough up. The Stewarts have lied to historians, isn't that right, concerning their historical connections?

The Schobs and Schobie's can be from an ancient Scopi/Scupio location (bottom-center at Dardania) along the Margus river, which is where I had ventured to trace the Margy/Mackey (same place as Carricks) and Margeson/Mackesy surname. Recently, I felt compelled to nearly withdraw my trace of the two surnames to queen MARGaret, tracing instead to "MARJorie." But I changed my mind in this update when seeing Mackays at the ancestry of Margaret's husband. I now feel compelled to say that Margys/Mackeys and Margesons/Mackesys trace to all three: the Margus river, Margaret, and Marjorie. Marjorie, anyway, seems very traceable to the namers of the Margus just because she's linking right now to what look like Scobi elements. The Schobie's would not have been known by me in this update had I not seen them some days ago in the list of Mackay septs!!! I had not idea then that it would come to this paragraph.

The Margus area at the mouth of the Margus river is right beside the Pek river to which the Chad / Aidan / Columba topic had traced. It's now safe to say that the Schobs/Schabs are using the bars of Atholls (8th century), first found in Perthshire.

Why is the Belluno entity symbolized with a bear paw??? The Powys paw is called a "bear's gamb erased," while purple-lion MacVanish's/Magnusons/Weynish's/Manus'/Magnus'/Vanis' use "a lion's gamb erased." MacVanish's are in the list of Mackay septs, adding to the evidence that Mackays were of the Mathie's/Maghans/Manns and Mathuna's/Maghans/Manns, both said to be named after "mathuna = the bear," though that's not the original derivation. The Vanish's/Weynish's trace to the Veneti, in my opinion, and thus trace well to the Bellino bear paw. It can be gleaned that this purple-lion surname was of Maccus (the wicked, brutal and disgusting pirate worthy of Hell) on the Isle of Man and in the Hebrides.

Amazing. I would not have presented the MacVanish surname had the Mackay septs not been re-loaded...after writing on the CORTINa / Court paragraph, and here I find that MacVanish's are said to have expanded to CORTANce in Aberdeen...smack beside, or even in the midst of, the Schobie's.

The Mounth of Augustus

The Mandys/Mondays use purple lozenges, and share a black wolf head with Mackays / Quade's. This plays to the Mounth-mountain discussion, where those mountains were suspect with a trace of Pontius Pilate to the household of Mandy-like Amyntes. It therefore appears that Mandys/Mondays were of the namers of the Mounth mountains, for Mackays of Moray are expected bang-on at those mountains. But the Mounth discussion included a trace of Perthshire to Perta of Lycaonia, and Perta was very near Derbe while Mandys/Mondays were first found in DERBYshire, zowie. If I recall correctly, Amyntes' family invaded the Perta area.

Note that Prets/Prettys use stars in the colors of the Sutherland stars (relevant because Mackays lived in Sutherland). The Pret-Crest lion's paws holding up a star looks like the Avery Crest lion's paws holding up a besant (all in gold, color of the Quint lion paw) while Averys are suspect with "Yvery," home of the Leavells, while Mackays and Quade's are tracing to Quadratilla, wife of Laevillus. Moreover, the Mackay / Quade / Mandy/Monday wolf heads were traced some updates ago to Lycaonia, because mythical Lycaon was given a wolf symbol. Another Crest with the black wolf head is from the CAWardens, like the Caw variation of Mackays. Cawardens/Cardens share white pheons with Pilate's.

One finds the Cawardens (share the white bend with Aide's) in the Chadwick write-up as what the family claims to be their ancestry. As Chadwicks were first found in Lichfield, it tends to prove that St. Chad's family can trace to the Amyntes line, roughly or exactly where I expect Sadducee-proper liners.

Sutherland is in far-north Scotland, as is CaithNESS. The latter, to the locals, went by a Chalybe-like name, and Chalybes lived on the Halys with the Hatti, the peoples that likely named CAITHness. The Hatti were mythicized as Attis, husband of Kybele, the Great Mother over which Amyntes' father served as high priest. Don't ask me what kind of a buffoon would desire to be a priest over zero, or what goes on in the mind of such a one, for I understand it not. Did they imagine Big-Mamma up in the sky? The mythical high priest of Kybele was DioNYSUS (given an insanity symbol, no surprise), known to be named after a Nysus / Nyse entity...that looks like it named the Ness river that flows to the Moray Firth (the sea off the Moray coast). It looks like the buffoon line was in northern Scotland.

Actually, the insanity symbol was given to Dionysus Maenads, the very Maeander lines now under discussion to Amytnes.

Derbyshire is where Froggits were first found suspect with "BROGITarus," the buffoon himself. I don't know whether Amyntes followed in his father's footsteps as priest of the Great Buffoonery.

Mandens/Mansons/Monsons/Magnusons were first found in Caithness. This surname can connect to the Magnuson variation of purple-lion MacVanish's/Weynish's (Mackay sept). The Mendhams/Mendons (Suffolk, across from Kent) use the cross type of Mandens/Mansons and Chaddocks, and the latter are said to be from Mandham, held by Roger MALET just before the first Crusade. Other Manson surnames share the arrow head with Pilate's, though they are not always of the same design.

Reminder: Mynetts, now tracing to the local word for the ancient Mounth mountains, were first found in the same place (Kent) as Monday-like Munts/Munds and Kamons/Hamonds, the latter now suspect after "Akmonia," a location suspect with the naming of Amyntes because his great-grandson lived at Akmonia. The Munts/Munds (share peacock with Manners) use the same white Moor / Saracen head as Scottish More's/Moors/Muirs, suspect at Moray as probably a line from Muire of Moray, a Dunkeld liner.

The purple of the Mandys was suspect with a transition of the Brogitarus priesthood to the purple-robed El-Gabal priesthood, but Brogitarus may himself have worn purple. The Mandys share eagle talons with the August Coat, and then smack at the west side of the Mounth mountain, at the southern end of Loch Ness (yes, part of the Ness-river system), there is a Fort Augustus. Caesar Augustus was part of another purple-robed crew of demoniacs. It was Augustus that elevated the Tigranes-family line.

It had not occurred to me to check Mindens (Shropshire) until now, to find "A heraldic tiger on a MOUNT"!!! How excellent for a trace of the Amyntes line to a merger with the Tigranes line! It's not just the trace that's important, but proving the trace of surnames to those characters. There are more tigers in the Minden Coat, using a Shield in the green color of the Medley tiger. The MINETon variation of Mindens tells it all, like the Minute variation of Mynetts.

Mundens (eagle talons again) are using a version of the Mandy/Monday Coat, both using FIVE lozenges, important now that Mundens were first found in the same place as Quints. The eagle talons of the Talons/Talants suspect with the Capone Shield.

In the quote below, one could trace the heraldic tiger to Lycaonian wolf-liners, but also to the Kybele lion: must be distinctly borne in mind that heraldry knows two kinds of tigers--the heraldic tiger (Figs. 322 and 323) and the Bengal tiger (Figs. 324 and 325)...The heraldic tiger had a body much like the natural tiger, it had a lion's tufted tail and mane, and the curious head which it is so difficult to describe, but which appears to be more like the wolf than any other animal we know. T...A curious conceit is that the heraldic tiger will anciently be often found spelt "tyger," but this peculiar spelling does not seem ever to have been applied to the tiger of nature.

The Tyger variation of the Tigers seems to explain it. The Melusine mermaid found in the Leap/Lapp Coat caused me to sense that the Melusine dragon traced to Lapiths. Some evidence exists that she was a Miletus line to Mytilene in Lesbos, and perhaps her female gender was intended for a trace to Lesbos, the island that named lesbians. The Vere's who honor Melusine trace themselves to the Mitanni, and as she almost-always comes with a mirror, see this from the article above:

...the Bengal tiger...appears towards the end of the eighteenth century [Rothschild interests in India?]...

...A tigress is said to be occasionally met with, and when so, is sometimes represented with a mirror, in relation to the legend that ascribes to her such personal vanity...At least so say the heraldry books, but I have not yet come across such a case.

It appears that the heraldry books had given a false meaning to the mirror. There are heraldry books for the public filled with much garbage, and then there were the secret books that may or may not have survived. The Melusine mirror is clearly code for the Mire's/Mireux' of Anjou. The writer of the article, who probably takes himself for a an expert in heraldry, either has no clue, or is lying, concerning the codes for surnames strewn all about heraldic codes.

The Chives Crest leopard, as used by houseofnames, is shown identically in the article where it says that the heraldic "ounce" (implied as a tiger) is identical to a leopard. Perhaps the Owens (black-on-white lion) are being placed in the ounce code. The Ewens/Eugene's may be in that picture. It is notable that the "cat-a-mountains in the Chives Coat are white, like the white tigers linking to Tigranes. As super evidence now that Chives' were Caiaphas liners, recall that the Levi-honored Aide's use the black leopard faces of Keatons, for the article above had just led me to the cat-a-mountains used by Keates', and they are colors reversed from the same design of Chives'!

Did you notice that the Rodham cinquefoils are in the colors of the Aide's leopard faces, both using the same bends to boot? Will she become the next president and make the lesbians of the world blithfully happy?

Moreover, the Keates' use their three cats in pale, as the Taylors use their lions, but in the colors of the Chives cats! The Taylors their lions in the design of the Levi lions, but colors reversed. The Taylor Crest shows the leopard. The other English Taylors, first found in the same place as Leavells (these were suspect with Owen / Duffudd liners of Wales), use scallops in the colors of the Capes / Happs/Abbs scallops. The latter are the happy Blithe liners, right? (The latter Taylors share the black anchor with Aves'/Avisons, for which reason the Taylor chevron is suspect somewhat closely with the Kennedy / Cassell chevron.)

The [leopard], however, except as a supporter or crest, is by no means common in English heraldry. It will be found, however, in the crests of some number of families; for example, Taylor and Potts.

...The cat, under the name of the cat, the wild cat, the cat-a-mountain, or the cat-a-mount (Figs. 334, 335, and 336), is by no means infrequent in British armory, though it will usually be found in Scottish or Irish examples. The arms of Keates and Scott-Gatty in which it figures are English examples, however.

The writer is either a bonehead (not likely), or is lying by keeping secrets (possibly), or just allowed that obvious revelation to go without saying. It just so happens that Chives' are said to be of Tarves, not far east of the Mounth mountain, meaning that "cat-a-mountain" can actually include the namers of the Mounth area. That would suggest a Mounth trace to the Mountain / Money/Monett surnames.

The cat is obviously code for cat-like Gattys and Keates, for example, and Gattys (Chaddock Shield?) are listed, to my surprise, with the Geddys. The Gates' are listed as "Geates," and they use a Shield split in the colors of the Maybe Shield. These are probably Catti / Chatti liners from the Hatti of Cadusii-related Hattusa. This paragraph allows the Teague's/Caigs to apply to "Tigranes" because the split Gate / Maybe Shields are used by Cage's.

There is a good chance that the leopard worked its way into heraldry as code for the Lepard surname, though in some case, the Dionysus leopard could apply. If correct, two different kinds of leopards would be used to distinguish the Dionysus liners from the Lepards. The Lepard surname uses leopard faces so that, with some certainty, the Face/Fessy surname (uses the Camelford cross) must always trace to Lepards. The two Lepard Coats together suggest the Payens/Pagans (priestly family, right?) and the Malahule-suspect line of Paine's. The "Leopper" variation of English Leopards gives a Hopper impression, but "Lepard/Leopart" could suggest Part / Pert liners. That could trace to Perta, where the Mounth entity is now tracing that had linked to talon-using Augusts. The talon-using Talons/Talants are Taylor-Chives liners (from the Cavii-Taulantii alliance in Albania).

I ventured a trace to Teague's to queen "Tiye," part of the Yuya Mitanni. The Mitanni were beside Armenia, and may have merged with Armenians. I frankly have not taken the time to learn Mitanni history well. The earliest Tigranes (Armenian), according to Wikipedia, was in the time of Cyrus "the great," not very deep into history. Here is from a recent update:

Aha! There an Auer location along the Adige [Trento theater], and the Arms, while not shown, are described with gold keys in the Chief! The keys are traced to the Apostle Peter, but, of course, that's garbage, for in fact this tends to prove that key-using Sheaves/Chiava's are from Aures of north Africa!

The Gate's were traced (many months ago) to the Getuli Numidians, and Aures was home to Numidians. There was a Geta surname in north Africa at the ancestry of Caracalla's father, a Severus liner. "ADIGe" was looked up as per seeing it possibly in the CADGe variation of Cage's. As the Adige flows through Trento, lets trace it back to Terentia, wife of Mitanni-suspect Maecenas. That works, for Terentia's Murena family was traced to a Merano location on the Adige, all near Arco, where Modi'in liners now trace. Maecenas is himself suspect with Numidian ancestry, and the Meigh motto ("numine") even uses a Numidian-suspect code. There is Touques-river evidence that the Caige variation of Teague's is from the Gace variation of the Wassa-Mitanni liners. Darbys/DerMOTTs are said to descend from Tiege, father of MurTOCH, suspect with MacinTOCHs using the Chives-Crest leopard.

The Tipps', suspect in using the Ghent Shield, are traced to Tipaza, a Numidian capital, and the bull head in the Tipps Coat may suggest the Tuareg trace to Turin, near the Tanaro river, important because the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Tipps and Ghents is used by Tanners, and the latter put Moor heads in their chief. I say that Tipps' are honored in a Shaw motto like that of the Pendragon motto.

The new theory: Cage's were on the Adige. The Adge/Edge/Egg Coat uses a spread eagle in the colors of the same of the Tarents, and in colors reversed to the spread eagle in the Arms of Merano. The Severus-suspect Safers use eagles (not spread) in the colors of the Tarent / Adge/Edge eagles (Geddes colors), thus supporting the Geta-line trace to the Trento / Adige theater.

The fact that Harris'/Harrys use a HEDGEhog can trace them to "Auer / Aures." The Hedge's/Hegges' (Egger/Edgeton colors) prompted a look at the Hagee's/Cagys'/Kegee's to find a Touch-related Clan-Chattan member with a "SEATed cat." The Seatons / Keatons, I presume.

Until now, I have not known that Geddes use a cat along with the Keates, and although the article doesn't mention whether the Geddes use a cat-a-mountain, the Keates are in fact using "mountain cats passant". As Mountains married Claviere's, it is suddenly revealing that the Geddes pike fish are in the colors of the Claviere eagles (in the design roughly of the Safer eagles), and then both surnames use a central white-on-red object, the Geddes using a "shield" that's often called an eSCUTcheon, heavily suspect with Schutz /Skit/Skeoch liners that I trace in-part to Schio, just 25-30 miles from Trento. Down river from Schio not many miles is Vicenza, where same-colored Valentins (use the Rodham bend without doubt) were first found that share squirrels with Dykes and Decks/DAGGERs that have suddenly became suspect with "TIGRanes/DIKRan." The Mountains (may be nothing more than Amyntes liners of the Mound/Mind kind) even share a gold-on-blue saltire with Cage's! Half the Cage saltire is on red, the color of the Claviere Shield.

How amazing is it that by following the cat-a-mountains of the Chives', we have found our way back to Glaphyra-suspect Claviere's?

There are more red squirrels in the Belgian Paryses Coat. Pharisees were squirrels of sorts, weren't they?

I have always maintained that the "Capta" motto term of Geddes/Geddys is for Caiaphas liners, and so see the split Shield of the Spanish Capets. The Geddys/Gideons look like they are using a version of the Herod Coat, and then the mother of the first Herod has a name tracing to Cyprus, where there was a Gideon- and Kitten-like Kition location. Was Kition the heraldic cat's home base? If correct, it would need to be an alternative theory to tracing to the Hatti. While I think it's a good bet that the boar is a symbol of the Eburovices from Aphrodite, there is a black boar in the Keaton Crest. At least one Geddes-clan writer claimed that the Geddys/Gideons are to be distinguished as a separate clan.

As I see "head" as code for Gorgon lines, while I see "face" as code for Meigh-related Fesseys/Face's, this is of interest: "...In both cases it should be noticed that the neck is visible, and this should be borne in mind, because this constitutes the difference between the leopard's head and the leopard's face (Fig. 331)" (article above). Okay, I get it: it's technically a head only if some of the neck is showing. It was a carefully-devised system, you see.

Why do Geddes call their escutcheon a "shield"? Well, on Shield surname (doves) uses the Shaw motto exactly! These Shields (Egger/Eggener colors) were first found in the same place (Berwickshire) as the Adge-related Aide's that share the Kitten/Keaton leopard faces. The other Shields are perhaps using the lion of Eggertons/EDGEtons/Edgertons (three bunched arrows). The pheons in the latter Coat suggest Payens / Page's suspect in the Shield dove theme, but the "armis" motto term suggests the Armors using a chevron on Shield-chevron colors.

The "majora" motto term of Geddes is clearly for Majors that share a central white-on-red object with Geddes. Not too many weeks ago, I was able to glean that Majors are a part of the Mopsus line. While Tigers/Tygers are traced in their write-up to "people-spear," and Adge's/Edge's to prosperity and spear, the Major write-up traces to "council spear." This may reveal that Majors/Mayers are Meigh / Mech liners from "Muksus." Meighs are centrally in Geddes / Major colors. It's working because Makers/Makke's/Mechs were first found in the same place as Shields, and are using a footless martlet in the colors of the same of Mountains. Here's from the 1st update of this month as per Maker-like Majors:

For a long time, I saw the Majors/Magors as a line from Hungarian Magyars. Then, in the last update: "It looks like it was wrong to trace Majors/Maugers to "Magyar." The Majors appear to be a take from "Maucher/Mucher." That potentially made Majors into Moch = Mopsus elements...I now find that Majors/Magors (married Guille) share the red Caesar roses on a gold Chief with Capote's/Chaputs/Chappus' [Forez = mount Pilat theater]. I don't know whether this makes the Caiaphas-ancestry riddle easier or harder, however. Italian Capote's are using just a large mule head...

Suddenly, the "Capta" motto term of Geddes can go to Capote's/Chaputs and the mule suspect with Midas liners and Avvites. The Capote/Capi/Capone/Capozzi mule is just a large, central, white-on-red object, like the Geddes shield and the Major anchor. The Fire's/Feuers use just one object in the same colors, which is added here because they became suspect with "Firenza," where the mule-liner Capone's were first found. The related Cage's were first found in the same place as English Capone's and Chapmans. Chapmans use a "pondere" motto term in honor of Ponders/Ponters/Ponts, first found in the same place.

The Shavo variation of Cavetts compares with some Capote variations, amounting to a Capote/Capone trace to the Cavetta river (near Ceva).

The Tiger/Tyger surname, first found in the same place as Rands, le-Meschin's wife, and Messier's, do not show a Coat, and ditto goes for Messier's. But if correct to trace Teague's and related Touque's/Tooks to Tigranes along with Tigers, then we note that Touque's/Tooks share a black chevron with Teague's and Kamons/Hamonds, while Touques' (with an 's') use besants. Anything from Julius Severus merged with the Tigranes line at Quadratus Bassus expects besants from time to time.


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

On this page, you will find evidence enough that NASA did not put men on the moon.
Starting at this paragraph, there is a single piece of evidence
-- the almost-invisible dot that no one on the outside was supposed to find --
that is enough in itself to prove the hoax.
End-times false signs and wonders may have to do with staged productions like the lunar landing.

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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