Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
February 17 - 23, 2015

Itte's a Little on the Way to Biggar
The Potent Crutch of Chads; Symbol of Jerusalem
The Fiora I Never Knew
Melissena's Khazars of Brixen and Klausen

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. My goal at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes.

The United States didn't get diplomatically entrenched in northern Iraq to fight ISIS, but to fight Assad:
As part of an agreement between Turkey and the U.S., some 20 Turkish soldiers will participate in the training program of Kurdish Peshmerga forces in northern Iraq as part of the struggle against the Islamic State (IS).

As Turkey and the U.S. have finalized the draft of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on a program to train and equip the moderate Syrian opposition, training Peshmerga forces has also been included in the package, Hurriyet daily said in a report.

Turkish soldiers already began Special Forces training with Kurdish fighters in northern Iraq in November. Last week, a delegation from the U.S. Army had meetings in Turkey and visited the Hirfanli base, where both parties have agreed to conduct the training program. training included in US-Turkey deal

I glean that the first paragraph is a made-for-public consumption statement to give the illusion that the US is in it to fight ISIS. In reality, the movement is toward using Kurds to help fight Assad. This comes after the West gave Putin a sinister jab to the central nervous system. The U.S. had to figure a way to continue going after Assad with Russia's nervous system standing in the way. With a cowering Putin (but not down and out) tarnished by recent string of bad press from the West, the West may thinking that some further painful stabs against the Russian president will allow a new assault on Assad. That's how I see it, and perhaps oil prices will be kept low to make Putin think hard about entering a war to save Assad. Or, it could be worse, the West seeking to topple Putin by internal discontent.

The West is probably not permitting its own fighters in Syria's battle against Assad so that it can tarnish Putin if he sends Russians in to help him. But it's one thing to support a rebel group in defiance of an official leader (as per the Ukraine), and quite another thing to support the official leader (as per Assad).

In a Pravda article, the same story sounds like it's taking both a small and a giant step. It tells that the training mission is practically insignificant in numbers and duration, and yet there is a new twist that, if I'm reading it correctly, sounding as though Western airstrikes against Assad are hereby in the works:

The United States and Turkey have reached preliminary agreement to train and moderate Syrian rebels and provide them with equipment.

According to officials from both countries...

According to The Wall Street Journal, rebels will be equipped with weapons and radio stations to call airstrikes...

"Negotiations have been concluded and an agreement text will be signed with the US regarding the training of the Free Syrian Army in the coming period," said Tanju Bilgic, a spokesman for the foreign ministry of Turkey.

The United States is planning to train about 5,000 Syrian fighters a year...

The initial training will last from six to eight weeks [get foot into the door]. The groups consisting from four to six people will be equipped with Toyota Hilux vehicles, GPS and radio stations, so they can identify targets for airstrikes.

With whose planes will the airstrikes be conducted? Or is Pravda exaggerating? According the Reuters, the deal was signed, but no mention of airstrike potential is in the article. From a related article at AFP, here is another for-public-consumption falsification: "Ankara's reluctance to take robust action against IS militants has strained ties with the US, which is pressing Ankara for the use of Incirlik air base in southern Turkey to facilitate US jet strikes on the radicals." No, the U.S. does not want to strike radicals, because it needs them to remove Assad.

All the articles are saying that the deal involves training "moderate" fighters, which is garbage. The deal has been reached to reward the West when the West succeeds in installing the new "moderate" (i.e. pro-West) Syrian government. It took years of weakening the Syrian rebels to make them agree to some reward for the West, isn't that right? Do we really think the U.S. is in this purely to help anti-Assad rebels?

For this section, you might appreciate putting the following tree on your scratch paper: Ruricius (of Limoges), father-in-law of Rusticus, father of Artemia, wife of Florentinus. Artemia, mother of Arthemia, wife of Munderic, grandfather of Mummolin, Bodegisel of Provence, and Gondulphus of Tongeren.

In the last update, the Pollock surname was traced in particular to an Anicii gens (of the Romans) who had been ruling in submission to the dynasty of Valentinian I. For the fact of being allied to pelican-using Stewarts, Pollocks/Polks became suspect also with Pulcheria, of the Byzantine imperials ruling both Rome and Constantinople. Pulcheria was a sister of Placidia (Valentinian family), who married emperor ANICius Olybrius, himself tentatively suspect as a Levi liner of the Lieber / Leiber / Oliver kind.

By the end of the update, I was tracing the Anicii to Nice at Liguria, and suggested that it could apply to the Angie/ANK surname. Immediately after ending the update, I went to check out Pulcheria's ancestry to see how she might (or might not) trace to Publius or Appius Pulcher. In the page for one of her imperial ancestors, under "Religion," I spotted "Nicene Christian," which recalled that Nicaea (near Constantinople) was also called, ANCore...shown on this map:

I've been tracing Pollocks to the Place surname and to Placentia for years, but not once do I recall reading / acknowledging the importance thereof in the rare description of the Jewish-Pollock bend: "A red shield with a silver wavy bar, diagonally PLACED." Why not just call it a bend? It looks like a Placidia code.

I don't know whether it was mentioned, but I do recall wanting to stress that the proto-Saxons that I see on the Sakarya had moved to the Bulzano area. I decided not to stress the point as it sounds far-fetched. I can now add that I'm investigating (or at least looking intently at) anything with gold symbols on a red-on-white bar as Bolzano suspects. The Anchors are therefore suspects, and they happen to show a bull in Crest, an apt symbol, I think, for BOLzano. I stressed that Pollocks and bull-using Bullocks trace to Bolzano. Anchors/Annackers can trace either to Ancore or Ankara further to the east, both near the Sakarya river. Part of the importance of Bolzano was neighboring Appiano, suspect with the naming of Appius Pulcher.

Just to let you know that I'm on-track with highlighting Bolzano as a major Templarite entity, the Eustace's that I traced to that city can virtually be clinched there because I have just noticed, for the first time, a small Caldaro location some dozen miles from Bolzano and about three miles from Appiano. Here's what was said in the last update: "The Kildare location of Eustace's could apply to 'Culdares,' especially as the Eustace Crest is a stag, symbol of Caulders and Colts/Cults. In fact, just like the Colt/Cult stag, the Eustace stag comes with a symbol at its antlers. Eustace married an Ida, perhaps traceable to Ida of Metz. Colts/Cults were first found in the same place (Perthshire) as Culdares...and Clunes' sharing the Colt/Cult pheon (in colors reversed)..." Culdares came up because the Mens/Mengzes were from there, and the latter happen to share the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Anchors. Again, the gold lozenges on the red Anchor Chief were suspect with the gold-star upon a red-on-white bend in the Arms of Bolzano, and here we just found a decent way to trace Anchors to Bolzano.

The mythical founders of Argos are coming to mind. Mythical Inachus, it has just struck me, may have been from Ancore / Ankara, whatever they may have been named in those days, for some say that it was "Ankuwas" in Hatti days. The goddess of Argos, Io, was a bull cult that myth writers traced to the Bosphorus, smack at Byzantium (= Constantinople). I have read that Byzantine imperials using red and gold in their Arms were from Macedonians, and it struck me that most Byzantine emperors that I was looking at were of those colors. They are the colors of Anchors. The Amorian dynasty of Byzantine rulers interested me the most, and they were from Amorium (Phrygian), at the source of the Sakarya and not far south-west from Ankara. The SANGARius version of the Sakarya is much like "Ankara."

In the last update, the hunt was on for the lines to and from Ida of Metz (wife of the first-known Pepin). It looked like the Ides/Hyde surname applied due to her alternative spelling, "Itte/Itta," and so the "fecIT" motto term of Ides'/Hyde's seemed applicable.

What follows is some material written a few weeks ago that I've to get out. I don't know what it's about, but will insert comments (as I re-read) related to some of the new finds in the last update. It continues from where Valerius Gratus was mentioned, when I was side-tracked. The paragraph below was written before knowing that Gratian the Elder was a line through proto-Pollocks at emperor Petronius Maximus, son of ANICius PROBINus. The latter was traced to PROBINs/Robins while Robins use a motto term in honor of Gratian. Probins/ProPERTs happen to use a symbol on a fesse suspect, once again, with the fesse in the Arms of Bolzano. Robins happen to share white pheons with Pilate's, in both colors of the Bryson pheons (traces to Montbryson near Mont Pilat), while Valerius Gratus ruled Judea immediately before Pontius Pilate. A PERDrix location on Mont Pilat was found tracing to the naming of Perthshire, where the Justine's/Justine's were first found, suspect with Justine, wife of Valentinian I, daughter of Justin.

The "VINCere VEL" motto phrase of Grails/Neals traces to VINKovci's VALentinian I, son of GRATian the Elder. It's problematic because the Greats/Grete's can thereby trace to him, but, the question has always been, does his name trace to Valerius GRATus? Another problem has persisted of not clinching the Grace/Grass elements from Valerius Gratus, but now, recalling that Hurts share the Grace cinquefoils, we first see that the Irish Grace Crest is the white lion in the upright position of the white Hob/Hab tiger, and then hurt-using Hobsons/Hopsons (same place as Tigers) share a blue chevron and a blue Chief with Valerys, and the Hobson chevron is in both Great-saltire colors. Hobsons even use another white Crest. [The idea here was to trace to OPgalli, wife of tiger-like Tigranes Maccabee.]

Next, we go back to the Dess/Dash surname that linked to German Asch's/Ash's and therefore to EPPsteins (both use the same symbol), whom we will trace to OPgalli (said to be Jewish for a reason) with the rest of the similar terms. It should be said that English Ash's/Esse's (share a red cockatrice with Gard-related Priestly's) are using two black chevrons, the color of the three used by Levi's, for we are about to meet the Ny's/Nieghs using three black bars in the two colors of the Ash chevrons. The Ny's/Neigh's are in code in the motto of Quint- and Capes-suspect Grove's: "Ny DESSux ny DESSoux." Yes, that's why the Dess'/Dash's became a topic in the first place. And the point, after considering a link to Levi liners, is that "NIEGH" looks linkable to Nagle's. It just so happens that Grovers (not the Grove's) are in Quint colors, and using a bar filled with vair fur in the colors of the vair fur of Quints. It would suggest that a Grove-and-Grover trace to Quintus Caepio is clinched [Grove's use the Capes / Apps/Abbs scallops and the Quint chevron.]

[Insert - Herod Agrippa is said to have received the Agrippa name after his hero rather than an ancestor, but I always treat that claim lightly. Herod Agrippa and Tigranes were both grandsons of Mariamne Maccabee, and while Tigranes' son was Julius BERENICianus, Herod Agrippa's mother was BERENICE. I've been assuming that surnames like that of Griffs / Grove's are from "Agrippa." But I've just entered "Grive" to find the Gris/Gisel surname discovered in the last update that was suspect with two features of the Monaco Coat, and Monaco is not only beside Nice, but about 25 miles from ANTIBES (pre-dated Herods), suspect with Herod ANTIPAS! Nice is only half that distance from Antibes.

The Grive's/Gris' were first found in Brittany, location of GRIPel (near Vannes), and then the Voirs/Voyers (honor the Marks), first found at Gripel, are using the lion in the colors of the Grive's/Gris lion. This is suggesting the distinct possibility that BodeGISEL (big topic last update), and Grimaldi's (Monaco), were basic Herod liners. This is new to me. I don't recall entering "Grive" before (it's not coming up in any file), but the timing is right. Perhaps there was an Agrippa > Griff > Grive > Gris > Grim > evolution of terms.

Grive's are said to have had a seat at Motte, something I have yet to share, and then Motts/Morte's (giant crescent), highly suspect with Modi'in (Israeli origin of Maccabees), were first found in Cotes du Nord...of Brittany! The write-up sticks Cotes du Nord in Normandy like perhaps it's trying to hide something.

German Gris'/Griims/GRISELs explain, apparently, why "Gisel" gets that Gris', but this does not do away with BodeGISEL linkage to Grimaldi's, for I showed Bobo, "nephew of the deacon AdalGISEL Grimo," son of Mummolin, the latter being a brother of Bodegisel. I need to discover whose giant star (Grimaldi and Bobo colors) the Gris'/Grisels use. Bovo's (Marne, where Bodegisel's grandfather held vast estates) use nothing but a chevron in the colors of nothing-but-a-bend Jewish Pollocks, and then the Bobo's (Pollock colors) share the bull head in the colors of the Bullock bull heads around a chevron in Bovo-chevron colors. Bullocks are the ones sharing the VINCE/Vinch motto, with one term, "sibi," code for liners from CIBalae (later VINKovci), home of Gratian the Elder and birthplace of his son, Valentinian I. It should be said here that the Mr. Agrippa after whom Herod Agrippa is said to be named had a sister with a Polla surname...i.e. she apparently married Polla, the family that may have birthed emperor Vespasian, and the latter's family had been traced to Peter Pollock independent of Peter's trace to Valentinian.

Bullocks were first found in the same place (Roxburghshire) as Molle's that were traced to "MumMOLIN." And ROXburghs (the surname) became highly suspect with Tullia's (share a single pale bar), from Tullia, mother of Rusticus (Mummolin's ancestor), but Tullia was not discovered until after "RUSTICus" was suggested for a trace to ROXolani at ROSTOCK. But even after finding Tullia, it was a while before realizing that RURICius, Rusticus' father-in-law, was possibly the line to RURIK, the first-known Varangian. It was a fruitful update, long and informative, closing multiple gaps along the dragon track of time.

Varangians under Rurik founded a settlement at Kiev, and I have been tracing Keeps to Kiev (Ukraine) for years, and have known for years that heraldic write-ups are more-often-than-not lies for the sake of using code. For example, "keeper of bullocks" in the Bullock write-up stands to be code for Keep liners to Kiev. The Roxolani scythians that I say named Roxburgh had originated in the Ukraine. Apparently, Roxolani tribes in the Ukraine called on Rurik to come help them.

One of the last things that was inserted into the last update, in a paragraph after one mentioning ESCHyna de Molle, was this: "Litts are traced to 'grim,' big hmmmm. Little's were first found in the same place as Molle's! Little's lived on the river ESK!" The idea there was that some Itte (of Metz) liners may have become "Le Itte" and therefore, Litts.

Shortly before this insert, "Ittle" was entered seeking other Itte liners, and that brought up KETTLE's using the Voir lion (Norths and Narbonne's/DeNORDI's use it too), important because ESCHYNa de Molle (married the Alans of Dol) sounds like the Haskins using a Shield of vair fur, what Bavaria's Pappenheims call "KETTLE hats." Heraldry has only two kinds of fur, vair and ermine. The Haskins have the write-up where one can glean Kettle / Ketile liners.

To my delight, the Little's are pin-pointed in their write-up to "approximately twenty miles due NORTH of Carlisle , which puts Little's smack at Langholm, just 15 miles from Lockerby, important because Bullocks use "Five Lochaber axes." As Eschyna de Molle's descendant (I think it was her daughter) married Robert de Pollock (Peter's brother and therefore of the first-known Pollocks), suspect in the Robert variation of Probins/Robins, it becomes obvious now that Bullocks were Pollocks. In light of this, I it's not coincidental al that the Probin/Robin and French Robert lions, identical even in colors, are identical (aside from the background color) with the Voir/Voyer lion.

Eschyna had married also a Robert Croc(e), explaining the "cruce" motto term of the Langholm surname (actually, it's the Jefferson motto in full). The Cruce/Croix cross is in the colors of the Jefferson saltire, and in the colors of the Croze's, Crosiers, and Langholms. There can be no doubt now that Eschyna's Molle surname traces to Pepin of Landen and the Metz'. It's not coincidental that the Langford Coat is nearly the Meuse Coat, but the Langford bars are in the colors of the Arms of Foix. Langfords were first found in the same place as Ide's/Hyde's.

Then, while I trace the GWENEA variation of Vannes to the Venedotia founders of GWYNEDD, the Probins/Robins/Propers are said to be from the Welsh king of GWENT. Propers/Probins (beside Shropshire) share an ermined Shield (I read that ermines were in particular from Vannes) with Bullocks, who look like they use the chevron of Wayne's that share gauntlet gloves with Veynes'/Vans/Vains/FANE's. It's pretty obvious here that Alan-associated Pollocks were Vannes liners to Arthur's wife, and even to the Irish Arthurs with the Wayne chevron and pelican. There is no way to avoid identification with the Alan > Stewart line as the king-Arthur line. Maschi's, first found between Ravenna and FANO, likewise use the Voir / Itte / North lion.

Roberts were first found in the same place (Burgundy) as the Messeys/Messier's who use the flag of Mercia, and Itte of Metz was suspect from Mercians in cahoots with Bebba's Bernicians...whom I traced to "Brunswick," though, more recently, this line has become suspect with Alexander Berenicianus Maccabee and Berenice, wife of Herod "the great" delinquent. In the last update, it was found that the Florence/Florent surname was first found in Lorraine, location of Metz and the Marne area where Munderic had his vast estates.

As Vannes was thought (by me) to be the line to king Arthur's wife, before finding the Voirs, let's add that Voirs are said to be first found at both Gripel and PENhoet. Carlisle's, with a flory cross now suspect from Florentinus, the one who married Rusticus' daughter (Artemia), use a "PEN" in Crest! The Robert / Probin lion is almost identical to the Brunswick lion (not sure why there is a small difference) while Bruno's were first found in Florence.

I don't know whether Little's were in fact from "Itte," but it's the theory now. The surname could be a L'Ittle variation of the Ittle's listed with Kettle's. As Little's are traced to the Langholm and Lockerby theater, with Annan(dale) between Lockerby and Carlisle, I would suggest that Little's are using the white-on-black Kilpatrick saltire. The Kilpatricks using a saltire in colors reversed are using the Maxwell/Makeswell saltire, as the "make" motto term of Kilpatricks makes plain. The CloseBURN location of Kilpatricks has been linked to spur-using Close's/CLOVSE's, and Pollocks are said (by others) to derive in king CLOVIS, wherefore, now that Bullocks are found related to Locker liners in the area where Little's lived, it's a sure bet that the sea bull of Merovingians included Bullocks.

The Little's of Langholm are said to have been associated with Douglas' there, as well as having been tenants of a Douglas family at Kilbucho. Then, I happened to look up Kilbucho just now (must have been a miracle) to find this massive "coincidence": "Kilbucho (Scottish Gaelic: Cille BHEAGHA) is a small settlement in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland in Peeblesshire and near Biggar and Broughton. The name derives from the church which was dedicated to St Bega an Irish abbess." Get out! The daughter of Itte of Metz was Begga!!! Begga was also the daughter of Pepin of Landen while I have been tracing "Pepin" to Papia = Pavia and meanwhile tracing "Pavia" to Peebles! Excellent. Ignore St. Bega and trace instead to what they were hiding. Expect the Laevi of Pavia in this Scottish picture, and, of course, expect Laevi blood in Annan.

Glenholme at Kilbucho traces well to Glenns, first found in Peebles. For more on Glenns, see similar Glenys in the last update as they linked to the Pipe-related Mens/Mengzes at Culdares. The Glenns and Glenys (Patch colors) are using martlets (Martel symbol, appropriate for Begga liners) in the colors and format of the Buchan lion heads while the Kilbucho article mentions a man with Buchan surname, and then the Buchan write-up has the audacity to derive the surname in "little." Heraldic write-ups are a constant drip of falsification for the sake of using code, and so why not expect similar falsification in history textbooks...and Wikipedia articles that ape historians? Not all can be trusted, apparently.

German Glenns share the patee cross in the colors of the same of Meuse's, and so note that Pattys use the Buchan lions in colors reversed. Pattys use a version of the Nitt/Naught Coat, traceable therefore to the Nith river, location of Closeburn, home of Patchie's. The Natts/Nathans are using the Patty / Nitt/Naught Shield while English Nathans share a heart in Crest with Glenns.

Scottish Beggs are the ones using the giant letter 'A' suspect with Arnulf of Metz (he married Begga), and then Scottish Langs (Little colors) use letters too, while Landons (bears for Berwickshire) are also "LANGdon," thus tracing Pepin's Landen elements to Langholm, smack where Little's lived...who, I've just learned, share the red-on-white crescent of Beggs!!! Yes-sir, we are on their tracks, and it traces Carolingian make-up to CARlysle, as was predicted (years ago, for a reason).

Apparently, Begga lines went to Buchan too. Buchans share the black lion with Buchanans (Lennox) of Stirlingshire, who in-turn share the red covered crown of Lennox's/LEVENax's (and Douglas'). Buchanans use the double tressure border stuffed with fleur-de-lys in the colors of the Pepin fleur-de-lys. The Pepin bend could be a version of the Stirling bend.

One branch of Buchanans are said to have been in AUCHmar, and then Welsh Roberts, who likewise use the black lion (in both colors of the Buchan lion), use an "Ewch" motto term while said to be from a Iolin > Howell line in LLANGdwyn. These Roberts were first found in the same place (DenBIGHshire) as Bachs/BAGHs sharing blue vair fur with French Roberts (the ones having the Probin/Robin lion). It seems clear from this that Pepin > Begg liners of the Pollock kind were in northern Wales, location also of Gwynedd.

It is a very acute question as to why all three Peter surnames should trace to Peter Pollock, with all three Robert surnames tracing to one another, as though other Roberts didn't matter to the heraldic goons who put this heraldic package together. English Roberts are traced to a Robert of Burser of WORCestershire, and then Bursers/Borsers happen to use the Buchan Coat...and they both use lion heads in the colors of the same of WORKs (honored in the Sinclair motto). They are all black lions heads, the colors of the Peter-Coat lion. The Work Crest has the same lion-head design as one Peter Crest. One Peter branch was first found in the same place (Lincolnshire) as Bursers. Like I said, goons marketing garbage that's really a system for tracing to their cherished bloodlines. We may appreciate it for historical purposes, but they did not intend for that, and they put a cover on the history that they knew.

Wikipedia's High-Sheriff-of-Worcestershire article has Robert the Bursar dated at 1086, and so he pre-dated Robert de Pollok. But we really don't know that English Roberts are showing the Bursar's symbols. As Bursars and Burse's are expected to trace to Percivals and Purse's/Pierce's, they being form the Perche area of Bellamys, the English-Robert chevron could be the Macey chevron, and the Robert stars those of Hamonds. This actually creates the possibility that Robert Pollock was named after the family of Robert the Bursar, for Alans and Bellamys (both first found in Shropshire) had been of the same Alencon theater of Normandy. Meschins were likewise first found in Shropshire while the Peter mascles can be for the Masculine variation of Meschins. Helias de Pollock was at or beside Musselburgh, right? Hmm, there is an ELLESmere location some 10 miles from Oswestry of Shropshire, where the Dol Alans lived.

Shortly after Robert the Bursar, the sheriff of Worcestershire (starting in 1114) was a Mr. Beauchamp, a surname with a fesse in colors reversed from the Alan fesse, and moreover the Beauchamps look like they use a Coat version of Alan-related Gore's/Core's, the latter sharing the white wolf with Hugh Lupus D'Avrances. Some variations of French Beauchamps (Este eagle?) may or may not have formed Buchans.

To help clinch the Little's with Liddesdale, the Eliottts, said to be neighbors of Little's, were first found in Liddesdale. Actually, it sounds as though Little's and Eliotts were one stock. Little's originated in the last update upon writing: "The [Mummolin-suspect] Kirks use a crosier while Crossier's (checks half in Mum-check colors) were found in the same place as Moor-head-using Bouillons. The LIDDESdale location of Scottish Crossiers can therefore be suspect as a L'ITTE concept. Litts are traced to "grim," big hmmmm." Douglas' were traced to Monaco's, home of Grimaldi's suspect in the Litts write-up, and as Grimaldi's are now suspect as an Agrippa > Grive > Griff line along with heraldic GRIFFins, let's first mention the Cutters and their griffins, for Eliotts show ElliCOTT-like variations while using a CUTlass in Crest. The Eli's/Aliotta's (Messina) use a giant griffin, and so I think we can identify Eliotts as an Aliotta merger with Cutters. It just so happens that Monaco's are said to have had a branch in Messina!

However, rather than tracing Little's and Litts to "Itte," it looks more like Little's are a branch of Aliotta's. On the other hand, this is where the Begg topic above comes in to expose Little's compellingly from Itte of Metz so that Aliotta's and Eliotts may not be a branch of Itte liners, but rather, in an Itte merger with Aliotta's > Eliotts, the Itte liners developed a Little variation reflecting "Aliotta." The Leto's (Aliotta colors and format) have an Alitto variation that could apply to Little's.

"Grey" may or may not be part of a Grive/Gris > Grimaldi line, but now that Grimaldi's link well to Gris', it's no longer necessary that they should be understood as Grey-Mallet. Perhaps they were Gris-Mallets instead. The grayhound can be of help with this question because Hounds share lozenges with Grimaldi's, and one would expect Grays to be fundamental kin of Hounds in order to have a grayhound symbol in the first place. It just so happens that Giffards share white-on-black ermined lozenges with Hounds while using a "MALO" motto term that can be for the Mallet bloodline, especially the French Malo/Mallet surname. It would suggest, not only that Grimaldi's are a Mallet line, but that Greys/Grays and Hounds are to be viewed as part of the Gris line. I've been claiming that Grays are from mythical Graeae Amazons of north Africa, but in this picture Grays may instead be a version of Gris', though it may be vice-versa so the Gris' were Graeae Amazons.

"Grive" is not necessarily to be viewed as a Gris variation, for it could indicate an Agrippa line, for example, that took on a Gris-like loon. "Gisel" looks like a corruption from "Grisel" so that the use of "gisel" by Munderic's family expects them from Gris liners, and "Gifford" may be a corruption from "Griff" so that Giffords were Grive/Gris liners themselves. The Crooms/Crone's -- ermined white again, in both colors of Grays -- were traced to Grimaldi's because another Crone surname shares a Shield filled with lozenges with Grimaldi, but also due to Crooms/Crone's using what looks like a version of the Monaco-related Monk Shield. As Crooms/Crone's come up as "Crine," they were linked to the crined pegasus of lozenge-using Angels, who are themselves from Oneglia i.e. near Monaco. But there is a second surname coming up as "Crine," and while they show Crane-like variations, they also show as "CRAYne"...that may betray their origin in Grays ("AMOR PROXima" motto). However we cut this, it seems like a good reasoning for tracing Agrippa-line Herods to the Antibes theater. It makes an "Antipas" trace to "Antibes" far less far-fetched.

This discussion can link to mythical LohenGRIN, the swan-liner Ligurians, the line to the Herod-suspect heart (with Nagel-related nails) of Logans/Lohans. Why did the myth writer tack on a "Grin"? It now seems explicable, indicating a Herod link to Gris > Grimaldi liners. As Lohengrin incorporates swan-using Locks and Lokens/Lochs, it's interesting that Lockerbys use a chevron in the colors of the Monk / Croom/Crone chevron, for Lockerby is at Annandale, of a line back to a killer of Christ, father-in-law of Joseph Caiaphas suspect in the swan-using Josephs.

[Insert -- Here's a list of Mengzes septs, showing plenty of MAGHAN-like variations but including the Meekins/Meehans with the Monk chevron and lion. Then, in the list of Mathie/Matheson/MAGHANs septs, there are Broomacks and Brennocks (suspect from Berenicianus Maccabee, right?) both listed with Birnys/Burnys (Moray area) showing three human legs in Monk colors for a trace to the three legs in the Arms of Isle of Man. Didn't I trace Grimaldi's of Monaco to Maccabees? Yes, several weeks ago. Mathie septs include Momans listed with Irish Manns/Maghans/Mathuna's.

So, with the Pepins honoring the Mens/Mengzes in their motto, the "Fac ET" motto phrase of Mathie's can be code for Itte, his wife. To help prove that Mathie's are Massey liners, or that Pepins share the Massey horse, or that Rasmussens/Assmans share the Pepin bend while Assmans/Ashmans use the Massey fleur, the Piddington sept of Mathie's gets the Masseys. I have no idea why.

The Bermie sept of Mathie's is listed with both Birnys/Burnys and Barnys, the latter first found in the same places (Norfolk and Kent) as Comyns and Hamonds.

Now, for a potential nuclear bomb. Realizing how some readers would not find an Assman / Ackman trace to "Akmonia" convincing on similarity of terms alone, I tried harder to find surnames from that place. Hackmans were found, but without "mon" endings. Then the capital 'A' on "Akmonia" was disregarded, which brought "Kamon" to mind, and that sparked an idea, that the Comyns location(s) of the Conteville's may have been from Akmonia, for the Comyns come up as "Common." Plus, if this is correct, it's a mind blower where English Josephs use the three Comyns garbs, and I have it on the testimony of my firewood grubs (so to speak) that the Aves/Avison garbs are the Joseph-Caiaphas garbs. However, the priesthood of Glaphyra Archelaus ruled a Comana location that may create an optional trace to the Commons/Comyns.

In any case, there turned out to be a Kamon surname, and it's the Hamon(d) surname! I've never really known what the first name of Hamon de Massey/Masci traced to, but here we have the option of Akmonia versus Comana. There are numerous reasons for excitement, one being the fact that the Conteville's birthed Ranulph le Meschin...where there had not been any known Meschin (sur)names in his immediate ancestry. It is likely that he was named due to having a parent / grandparent from Hamon de Masci, who was, like Hamon, from Cheshire. The Kamon/Hamon motto is the one with "discRIMINa" as code for Maschi's of Rimini. The Kamon/Hamon Crest shares antlers with Conte's and Cone's, while Maschi's use pine CONES. There is good reason therein to trace "Meschin" to Hamon de Masci's family as well as to Conteville's.

I have been tracing Hamon(d) to Akmonia's priesthood for weeks, but do not recall thinking that the name itself could have been from the namers of Akmonia. Hamonds were first found in the same place as Mynetts and Munts smacking of "Amyntes," whose great-grandson (Severus) is said to have been in Akmonia. The question is, how many generations back from Severus likewise lived in Akmonia? I don't know, I haven't found much on this topic. But Amyntes' father was BROGitarus, and the first Conteville (Herluin) was a son of John de BURGo. That looks like a good fit.

The Maccabee-suspect Mackays have a Mathie-like look to their clan badge, and show Poole's and similar others that link well to Pulleys/Pullens for a trace to the Akmonia line. The list of Mackay septs includes Morgans for a trace to Avalon. End Insert]

Lockers use "dagger blades", and while Blade's/Blate's use Pilate-suspect pheons, German Blate's/Plate's use the swan design once showing for French Josephs, as well as the grape vine, a symbol on a Herod-Archelaus coin. Stick with me here, for Lockers were first found in Dumfries, which to the Irish-Scots was "Phris." That can go to the Pharisee-like Phreeze variation of Freys' (Blade/Blate colors), and both they with the other Frey's use the white Rush horse, only in colors reversed from the Lyon / Lannoy lions, important here because English Lannoys use the feathered helmet, the symbol on the other side of the Herod-Archelaus coin. As RUSticus was of Lyon, this is why I'm viewing the Rush surname from him. As the Metz line traced to Langholm, very near Annan and Lockerby, it should be added that Rushes (ermined white wolf) are in Lockerby / Annas colors while using ANNulets.

On top of that, the Ruste/Roost Coat is a saltire in the colors of the Kilpatrick saltire, or colors reversed from the Little saltire, and the other Kilpatrick saltire, important because it's the Little write-up that traces to Langholm. At this point, it needs to be asked how many rooster are code for the Ruste/Roost bloodline. The Ruste/Roost saltire can certainly link to the Sinclair cross, and then gold roosters are shared by Sinclairs, Landens, and the Greats/Grete's.

Let's go back to the dagger blades of Lockers/LockWEERs, and let's assume that the Daggers/Decks at the Ticino included Pepin liners at Pavia, home of some Laevi (Pepins are in Levi colors and use a white horse of their own). The Blade's are said to be "BURSEblade" too, and then PRUSAs (ancient Prusa is now Bursa) are listed with PROKopps who look like the "Amor PROXima" motto of Gray-suspect Crayne's. The Amore's, I still insist, along with the Damorys, both of Were-related Oxfordshire, are using the bars of Leavells, first found in the same place as BURSE's (Vire-river origin), PURSE's/Pierces and Percivals, the latter (shares bears with neighboring Landons/Langdons) made the father of mythical Lohengrin = the line to dagger-blade Lockers. The Blade's (colors reversed from Were's and Iverys that trace to Yvery of the Leavells) are said to be from Drago de BEWERE, who traces to the Arms-of-Oxford BEAVER, which Arms moreover uses a grey elephant, a symbol in the Crayne Coat.

Per chance, the modern Inegol location some 30 miles from Bursa might apply to proto-Nagle's.

The other surname tracing to Drago de Bewere are the Burtons (Buri liners), using what should be the Locker/LockWEER Shield, both using the fesse in colors reversed from the same of Nagel-related and BOAR-using Weers/Weirs/Vere's/Wiers. The latter speak on a Buri like AUBRI de Vere, pre-dating the Norman invasion, and likely living at the Vire-river theater, being the ancestor of the Oxford Vere's. After building a castle in Essex, where Phreeze's were first found, the Vere's are said to have had a branch in Roxburghshire, and so let me re-mention that I view Frey liners as Frisians while WIERingen faces Friesland. While Rurik the Varangian (known to be from Wieringen) can trace to Ruricius, his son-in-law (Rusticus) is suspect with Roxolani at Rostock, as well as with Roxolani at Roxburgh. You can read in the Weir write-up that they moved to Roxburghshire, home also of Maxwells suspect with the Ruste/Roost saltire.

The Weir Coat is a fesse in Nagel-fesse colors, but that means the Weir stars can trace to the same of Gisels/Gris', and the latter use the same lion as Ferrari's, suspect as both proto-Vere's and Pharisees to the Phreeze surname. The Ferrari lion is probably in use in the German Frey/Freie Coat. Vere's could have named Frisians by Vere's being suspect as Varni, fellow tribe of Frisian-related Angle's. One could write an entire book on the feasibility of Pharisees stemming from the namers of Ferrari. The French Paris/Parizeau surname (Paresse in Lorraine) likewise uses the Weir fesse, and Pears/Pearls were first found in Oxfordshire. Italian Paris' look traceable to Panico's, near Ferrari. Belgian Paris' use the red squirrel, and the write-up traces it to Antwerp, where Godfrey de Bouillon was "Marquis." It sort of makes BURTons/BIRTons suspect with Bouillon-related Burds/Birds.

See POMEgranate-using Crepons later, who married Fulks of Anjou, and were likewise first found in Paresse, wherefore the pomegranate links to the apple of a Paris surname. The CRISpin variation of Crepons is thus suspect with "Gris."

As the Freie lion had been determined to be the same of Massins/Masons (first found in the same place as Roosts/Ruste's), it was gleaned that "Freemason," no matter what they say on its origins as a term, was code for the Freie / Frey and Massin/Mason bloodlines. Related Rosicrucians were always suspect as Varangian Rus, and here I think I am finding the very ancestry of Rosicrucians in Roosts/Ruste's. For this idea, it is important that Roosts/Ruste's use the red Drake wyvern.

The Legros surname uses the flory cross (Bouillon / Burd symbol) in both colors of the same of the Rangabe Byzantines, and that means Melissena Rangabe, wife of Inger (Varangian) in the time of Rurik. The Ingers/Enders happen to share arrows with German Rush's. I had spent considerable time seeking where in France Rangabe's had been, suspecting them as part of Vere's in Anjou / Lusignan, and was brought to Aquitaine (years ago), where, I only found in the last update, the mother of Ruricius has been traced (by others), namely to BORDeaux. Here's the Rangabe cross, in the colors of the Rangel fleur, itself in the colors of the Plow/Plough fleur.

The reason that I was seeking Rangabe's in Anjou / Lusignan is that the chief of the Drakenberg cult, Nicholas de Vere, had written online that a Faery princess, Milouziana, what others call the same as Melusine, was a line to the first count of Anjou. I became sure that this was code for Melissena Rangabe, but that Vere's didn't want the world to know. I did not realize until now that the Rangabe's could link to the Plows/Ploughs, important because the plough is in the Crest of Verys/Faerie's/Fairys!!! Wow.

As Faerie's lived at Ruglen = RUTHERglen (Lanarkshire), it seems that a trace of that place to Rutherfords of Roxburghshire (same place as Maxwells) is to be expected, but note RutherGLEN, for Glenns and Glenys share black footless martlets with Rutherfords. The Rutherfords are actually using the Oliver Chief so that Rutherfords can trace to emperor Olybrius, an Anicii liner like Ruricius. Rutherfords are said to have lived "among" Bernicians at Maxton. The "Providus" motto term of Maxtons could be for a branch of Probins/Robins...such as Profetts/Prophets (spur) that come up as "Provit." They were first found in Aberdeen, where the Mens/Mengzes had their attachment to Glenylon. The fact that the Mens/MENGzes (Glenys Shield) trace to MANX peoples in the Isle of Man, which uses three human legs in its Arms, is indicative that the human leg in the Provit/Profett Coat relates to Mengzes. We are right back to mythical ManANNAN at Man.

I've given freely countless keys for the makings of several books. Anything on the topic of tracking Pharisees, Caiaphas, Herods, and Maccabees to Freemasons is sure to interest Christian readers, but others will learn from it and ponder these things. You can write to me for help in writing the book. You won't be required to pay me a dime. It's one thing to write a book, quite another to have it published and distributed in book stores. I'm not in a position (don't know the right people) to get a book published; perhaps you are.

Maxton, we read in the Maxton write-up, passed to Berkleys, and the latter came up in the last update in connection to Mengzes kin, but note how it all connects to Bernicians at Berwickshire too, and from there to Qewe, important because Maxtons trace easily to Quade-related Mackays:

The Irish Colays/Cowleys (Ulster, where I traced an aspect of Eustace's) share the gold leopard "jessant" with Aide's, first found in Berwickshire! As Cowes' are the ones with the "pennant" that gets the Pennan(ts) in code with the Glenys pennan, it looks like Cowleys/Colays and Clays were merged with a branch of Cowes' (from Cowes' on the Isle of Wight), whose variations trace well to Qewe, where I trace Aide's/Ade's and Quaide's/Quade's (and Mackays/Caws)! That is excellent because Berenicianus is always figured at Qewe with his Quadratus kin...Scottish Colays/Collys/Cauleys are in Eustace colors, and first found in Gloucestershire's BERKeley area...

The blue fitchee is shared by Mea's/Meighs and Maxtons, and Meighs share the cross of Macclesfields, the latter where Maxtons and Maxwells trace. The "manu" motto term of Mackays has been suspect with the Isle of Man, and the Mackay bears trace to the Berwick bears. To help prove that Maxtons are using the Quint Shield, they are traced to Peter of Makeston (1200), living in Huntingdon, at the area where Capone's and Chapmans were first found. One can see why this Peter should link to the naming of Peter Pollock, especially as Pollocks use a HUNTING horn. Huntingdons (share a white hunting horn with Scottish Pollocks), in Jewish-Pollock colors, were first found in the same place (Essex) as Quints.

We have already seen in multiple ways why Pollocks should trace to the pelican, but let's include the Lech/Letch(mere) pelican too, and their "pelicano" motto term, for the Maxton link to Isle of Man suggests that mythical Lug of that place is of the namers of the Lech river (Germany), location of Fussen, also called "FOETes," like the "ProFETT" variation of Prophets/Provits. The Shield of Lechs/Letchmere's (said to be from Flemings of Flanders) could easily be the Alan Coat in colors reversed, which amounts to additional evidence that Pollocks are in view.

It just so happens that this picture can link again to Mea's/Meighs by way of the Lechs being traced (in their write-up) to a Lech tributary of the Rhine passing through "the Maes before ROTTERdam", a phrase now linkable to RUTHERfords. The Dutch Meas/Meast/Maess surname happens to use the Meysey/Meyseys cinquefoils in colors reversed. The Lechs are said to be from Gloucestershire, where Meyses were first found.

Rotterdam was loaded with Rosicrucians. The Dutch produced plenty of "international bankers." Rotters (Bavaria) are listed with Rothes' sharing a raven with Peters. I have developed a good sense that Mea's/Meighs are in Jewish-Pollock colors for a reason, and so the Mea/Meigh ravens can link to the same of Peters and Rothes. The Mea/Meigh cross is that of Macclesfield. Rothers/Ruths/Randolphs, in Huntingdon colors, were first found in Moray, where Peter Pollock had his castle. The Rothers/Ruths look linkable to Rodhams who are, in this picture, likely using the Maes / Meysey cinquefoil. The English Rothes (Shropshire, where Peter Pollock may have lived as a child, or at least where his father likely lived) use a rare lion design that was once showing for Mousquette's who come up as "Must," suggesting the Maest variation of Maes'.

The Lech write-up traces an ADAM de Lechmere (i.e. from the Dutch Lech river) to a Hanley castle (Worcestershire), which I suspect with the Hanna's because the Maxton and Macclesfield fitchees link to the Hanna Crest. The Hanna Coat uses blue stags, the color of the Lech-Crest pelican. The Hanleys (Phreeze / Frey colors) show arrows in the colors of the ADAM arrow, but as Rothschilds (five bunched arrows) trace to Rothes castle, it's notable that both the Hanley and Adam arrows are on a green Shield, the color of the Bower Shield (Peebles) showing five bunched arrows. Between the Hanley arrows, there is a boar, reflecting the Pollock boar with an arrow, and the Hanley boar is white, as is the boar of Molle's (same place as Rutherfords and Maxtons). The Rothschilds had traced well to Lurco, and thereby to the arrows of Lurch's/Larchers and Archers, the point being that Lurco was father-in-law to pelican-suspect Appius Pulcher. This is good evidence that Lurch's are indeed from Lurco. Adam Kilconquhar's mother had traced (1st update of this month) to Como, beside Appiano, but Adam himself was found as part of the Annans (Annandale).

With Letts (Annandale Shield in colors reversed?) suspect as Annas liners, lets mention the LETCH variation of Lechs, for they are in Lett colors. Zowie, it just so happens that Letts (organ PIPES) were first found in the same place as the Lechlade location of Lechs.

See the little poetic statement in the Scottish-Very write-up, which uses "Faries Haena in Ruglen been" to mean "Faries ain't in Ruglen been," and yet it capitalizes a term that doesn't look like "ain't." It therefore looks like code for a Haena-like surname, and then the Shield-and-Chief color combination of English Verys is that also of Annas'. The Verys/Fairys of RUTHERglen were the ones that linked to Rangabe Byzantines, a root of Rosicrucians, in my opinion, that go to Varangians of Kiev especially.

Dutch Ruthers are using the feathered helmet, but do note the BROWN horse traceable to Bruno's at Florentinus-suspect Florence. The early Ruglen term may suggest Ruggians, and so let's mention that grape-vine Plate's (possibly a Bluetooth line of Danes) are traced in their write-up to Ruegen/Rugen, about 50 miles from Rostock! In a list, Bede mentioned the Rugini between mention of Frisians and Danes.

The Khazar Fairy from Terek

It's no small matter that Fairys were first found in Lanarkshire, where a Biggar location sits. There are three things I did years ago: 1) gleaned that Melissena Rangabe's Khazar side (her mother's) had kin in Khazars on the Mure's river; 2) gleaned that Khazars on the Mures trace to Moray; 3) traced "Biggar" to "Biharia/Bihor," near where Khazars on the Mures ruled from. Therefore, we just trace Khazars to Biggar, asking why Biggars were Flemings in the meantime, and it explains why Melissena liners such as Fairys were first found at / beside Biggar. This is all very near to where Peter Pollock was living before going to Moray's Rothes castle, and it's known that Khazars way over on the Caspian sea were friends of the Varangian Rus for a time...until the bottomless-stomach Varangians, who wanted to gobble the entire world, put an end to the Khazar empire. That's when the "Jews" (who were they?) ruling Khazaria escaped to Hungary and the Rhineland.

Some are now claiming with DNA evidence that Ashkenaz Jews of Germany / Hungry are not from Khazars, but this is a sensitive topic, and some Jews are bound to set out in the first place to "discover" that they were NOT Khazars. The Jewish DNA points instead to Iranians, they say, but weren't Khazars a group of scythians, and aren't Iranians the ancestors of scythians?

I was just at Wikipedia's Clan Pollock article to find his date of birth (in relation to the fall of Khazaria in the 10th century), and found this: "A boar passant shot through with a dart Proper." Why is "Proper" capitalized? Should we fall on our knees and worship Probins/Robins? I don't know when Peter was born, but likely between 1075 and 1100. The Pollock horns are called "buglehorns," and Bugle's are listed with Bauer-suspect Bogens. It's been a while since visiting this page. Since then, I traced the "StreNUE" motto term of Pollocks to Newtons (share green Shield with Pollocks) and the namers of Newport (at Wight, near Poole), and here I find that Robert de Pollock gave a church from Newton Mearns to Paisley Abbey.

By the way, I was wrong in the last update, and in the past, when saying that the Proper/Robin ostrich has a pipe in its mouth. It's a key. I had known that back in 2012, but, since then, I don't know how long I've been telling that it's a pipe. Sorry about that.

I don't recall why Blackhalls came up in the last update, but here I find a Blackhall location at Mearns: "Ownership [of Mearns] passed from the Pollocks (whose name is perpetuated in the nearby Glasgow housing estate of Pollok) to the Maxwells of Caerlaverock around 1300. It then passed to the Maxwells of Nether Pollok in 1648 and then the Stewarts of Blackhall in 1660." There must have been some Latins in Renfrew: "Around 1140, a Norman knight, Walter Fitzalan, designated First High Steward of the royal household and Baron Renfrew by King David I, received the lands of Kerkert and StrathGRYFFE, later to be called Renfrewshire, from the hands of his king. These lands held the Forest of Paisley, a large, wild reserve to the south-west of the city, which included an estate called "Nigra Aula," or Blackhall, where Walter built his House of Blackhall. Walter Fitzalan went on to found Paisley Abbey in 1163." Blackwood was nearby in Lanarkshire.

Who named Black liners by "Nigra"? Amazingly, Nigers (Cheshire, where there are some pelican-Pollock liners) are listed with Nigels, like Nagle's. And Nigers/Nigels, just as if they might trace with Gryffs to Grimaldi liners, use lozenges (in the colors of the Crone lozenges). They are gold lozenges, just like the Nagle lozenges! As the early Nigels were bishops of Ely and London, it's reminding me of Herbert of Losinga and Robert of Limesey in the last update, at which time it was said: "I have just found the Limes' (Cheshire!) using a string of vertical lozenges in Cock / Grimaldi lozenge colors. There is no doubt that Limes'/Limms are a line from, or merged with, Robert of Limesey. Pollocks were first found in the same place as Lombards with the lozengy Shield." What a surprise, for when I said that it was reminding me of this topic from the last update, I had forgotten the Limesey elements traced to Cheshire, or that Limes' use lozenges too. In fact, both Limes' and Nigers/Nigels use lozenges in the pale direction.

It looks like we have just found a Nagle branch at the Black surname, and especially in Blackhall. The Blackhall Crest has a white TIGER, and the Coat looks like a black version of the Meuse Coat. Black-colored Ingols were first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Meuse's and Maxwells. The Nagle lozenges are used by Ides'/Hyde's while they share a "haec" motto term with Probins/Robins, first found in Cheshire. Ingols happen to share two black-on-white chevrons with Ash's/Esse's, first found in the same place (Devon) as Blake's. Newtons, from the Newton Mearns location beside Blackhall, use "huic". The white-on-black Ingoll lion may link to the same of Raines' that I've traced to the naming of Renfrew.

Now we know that the red Black stars do trace to Glass' that named Glasgow. But, wonder of wonders, the "Jewish" Pollocks are now suspect with Khazars of the Melissena kind. Note that mythical Melusine had a son, Milo de Vere, count of Anjou, that no one that he's likely mythical, code for Miles' (with an 's') with a green Chief, color of the Pollock and Bauer Shields, and then Rothschilds were Khazars too, right? Just look at the blue moline of Mile's, that, in colors reversed upon someone's white Shield, could be the Rangabe cross. The latter Mile's even share "industria" with the Rothschild motto. It could appear as though the flory cross produced the moline, meaning that Moline's and Molle's trace to the same place as the flory cross (probably the original design), that being possibly Florentinus. The Miles "millrind" is a fret, likely, devised to honor Mile / Mill liners, but then Blake's use a fret too.

The Pollock write-up makes it sound as though Peter, Helias and Robert, the first three Pollocks, were named after a Pollok location rather than vice-versa. This could be correct, begging the question of what Peter was until that time? The naming of the second brother sounds like they were Alans. Beside Pollok, there is a PollokSHAW location, and then Shaws use bunched arrows (six of them) just like Rothschilds! We now have a Pollock trace to Numidians. Plus, near Pollok, there developed a PollokSHIELDs location, what a rothschilincidence. In the Pollok article: "Pollok is about 7 miles from Glasgow International Airport, and 24 miles from Glasgow Prestwick Airport." Prestwicks use Melusine in Jewish-Pollock colors, on a RED SHIELD. I would trace to Prestwick in Shaw-related Ayrshire, beside the Glass-suspect Kyle's using candle's likely for the de-Pole's of Foix-Candale (15th century).

The article calls Robert "of STEINton" (Stenton of East Lothian, what was he doing there?), and then Rothschilds are listed as RothSTEINs, sharing the eight-pointed star of Dutch Steins. The Stenton surname shares a Shield filled with black vair fur (could be "kettle hats") with Haskels (suspect with Eschyna de Molle), and was first found in the same place (Nottinghamshire) as Bogen-suspect Bugs and Mea's/Meighs. The Helias surname ("quo" motto term) is in Bugs / Bogen colors, but is using a version of the Elis Coat, and looking like it should be the Sinclair cross, for Stenton is in the same place, roughly, as Roslin, where too-rich Sinclairs lived. The Helias surname was first found in West Lothian (i.e. near Roslin), close to Glasgow.

Sinclairs had been at Moray, right, where Khazars had been, right? I don't know who the first Ragn character was amongst the vikings, but I traced Ragnvald, father of Rollo in the 9th century, to a Reghin location upon the Mures river. At some point prior to Peter Pollock, these Khazars are expected by me at Moray, and so the Sinclair vikings are predicted to be of the Varangian Rus (and perhaps other Rus joined them) that went raiding Muslims in the area of Khazaria. It's interesting that Kemuel-suspect Hamilton is a location very near Biggar, for that may indicate Nahorites and Roxolani in that area of Scotland prior to Peter Pollock.

Ellis' were first found in the same place as Maxwells. The Helias write-up traced to a Helias of the Gospatricks (concurrent with Helias de Pollok), and they were Maxwells, right? That should explain why Gospatricks use the black martlet of Rutherfords of Maxtons. The Goz surname uses stars in Moray-star colors. As Gospatricks were Saxons, let's tell that Fulbert "the Saxon," the father of the first Pollocks, could apply to Gospatricks (in the colors of Jewish Pollocks).

The Dunbar kin of Gospatricks look like Joplins and Grays, first found in the same place (Northumberland) as Gospatricks (and Rodhams / Stephensons sharing the Jewish-Pollock bend). Some say that "the Saxon" should be interpreted as "Wallace" (by some alphabetical system I know nothing about), and so it's interesting that the Joplin / Gray / Dunbar lion is also the Wallace lion. It had been noted that Helias' have a goat in Crest, symbol of Wallace-related Walsers who likewise use Melusine, and they use her with two tails, as do German Babels...which gleans a trace to Bernicians of Northumberland. Here's the Helias write-up: "...Helias son of HUCtred was granted the lands of DUNdas by WALDef, son of Earl Gospatrick, King of Northumberland."

Dundas' (said to be Bernicians) use an "oak BUSH" while Maxwells us a "holly BUSH," indicating a chance that we are rightly tracking Helias de Pollock in the Helias surname. The Dundas lion may even be the Very/Fairy lion, therefore. Waldef above is "Waldeve" in the Dundas write-up, and Hubtred is "Uctred." Is the "haec" motto term of Probins/Robins, and the "huic" of Newtons, code for Huctred? The "shin bones" of Newtons can be for the Shins/Shannons using what could be a gold version of the Jewish-Pollock bend. As Steins are now suspect with Robert Pollock, it's important that they should be using the Pollock bend in colors reversed, and the leopard faces thereupon can link to the same of Aide's and Stephensons for a trace to the Valentin bend, but, for this discussion, the point is that Stephensons and Aide's use a bend in both colors of the Pollock bend. The Aide's are Quade kin, and this plays well with the below.

But before getting to that, let's remind that the Marcomanni were associates (or more) of the Quadi (see last update), and that Marcomanni are expected in the Mark and Stewart checks. It would expect Quadi liners amongst Alans.

As I traced the Gospatrick saltire to the Curry saltire (= a line from Chora on Patmos), lets talk about the "mural crown" in the Motley Crest, sometimes called a mural CORONet as code for mythical Coronos the crow, symbol of Chora on Patmos. Motleys (Shropshire, origin of Pollocks), with a "CURA" motto term, were looked up as per the "quo" and "quoMODO" motto term of Helias'. The MURAL crown was suspect with Muriels (peacock), likely named after Murial de Pollock, daughter of Peter, and, if I'm not to be corrected, she was otherwise "Lady Rothes." Motleys are also MEDLEYcote's/Modlicots, and then Maud-suspect Medleys share the tiger with Blackhalls, helping to trace Motleys to Pollocks. [Later, with the sense of a Pollock trace to the Fiora river, the Mauds trace exactly there.]

In the last week or two, the "tem" motto term became suspect with Time's/Timms that trace to the "Deum Time" motto of one Moray surname. The "QUIeTEM" motto term of Motleys looks like it can apply where Pollocks are right-now being discovered with Shaws, for while the Helias motto is translated, "Not by whom, but by what MEANS," Shaws use the motto, " I MEAN well." The other Shaws use "QUI," and this term, along with the "quo" of Helias', can go very well to a Qewe > Shaw line. The Means look very much like Mea's/Meighs.

For the record: "...both [Pollock brothers] have wax seals in the British Museum. Robert's shows a man on a horse with his hunting dog, and Peter's, a boar with an arrow in its left shoulder." It then says that it's the "sinister" shoulder.

Earlier in this update: "Kilbucho (Scottish Gaelic: Cille BHEAGHA) is a small settlement in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland in Peeblesshire and near Biggar and Broughton. The name derives from the church which was dedicated to St Bega an Irish abbess. Get out! The daughter of Itte of Metz was Begga!!!" With Khazars now tracing to Biggar with more certainty than before, and moreover identified as the Rangabe Khazars to some degree, let's tell that Khazar kings were called, "begs," what a beggincidence. But Begga pre-dated Khazaria, so far as we know, though not by much. It may mean that Khazars were from Bernicians / Mercians somehow. I'm fully expecting Begga to trace back to the Israeli priestly line. The suspicion that the Khazar Jews were of that line now becomes feasibly explained.

Back to the CUTlass of Eliotts who lived in the midst of Begga-suspect Little's. When last mentioning the cutlass, it looked like Eliotts were from the Messina Alis'/Aliotta's, who smack of Elis' and may therefore have been a line to the naming of Helias de Pollock. In any case, the Monaco's had a branch at Messina, and Messina is expected to be named after lines from "Amazon," where I would expect Graeae Amazons. Aliotta's lived at TERME of Messina, a term like "THERModon," old home of Amazons. The Aliotta griffin is upright and in both colors of the upright Gray lion. Moreover, the Joplins use the same lion, and they were suspect from "Jabesh," the peoples on the Jordan river (traced to "Jupiter") who had merged with Benjamites, important here because the Benjamin Coat looks like it can be a version of the Helias / Elis Coat. Upon my initial discovery that the Benjamin-Jabesh merger (book of Judges) led to the founding of Romans, it was claimed that Meshwesh (by whatever name) from Tanis were an integral part of them...i.e. so that one could expect a Benjamite line in Messina. The Maxwell eagle had been traced to Rijeka aside from consideration on that being the northern reach of the Japodes theater.

Of interest is the similarity between the Beng/Bing Coat with the shoulder-suspect Shultz Coat, as per the arrow/dart in the sinister shoulder of the Pollock boar. "SCHULtz" looks like it can trace to "Eschol" of Hebron, and therefore to the Schultz-colored Schole's/Scayle's (suspect with Scylla at Messina) that share a lozengy Shield with Grimaldi's. The PATents (using the Schole Shield) informed me that Schole's/Scayle's had passed through Skala of PATmos, where the Meshwesh also trace as per their identification with the Coronis crow (she was a line to Cyrene, where Meshwesh proper lived). Hebron liners always tend to suggest Keturah, for she likely lived in Hebron. I've traced her to Cutters that can be suspect in the Eliott CUTlass. We just saw above that Helias de Pollock should trace to Chora on Patmos, thus explaining the Peter / Rothes raven.

The GRAYhound in the CUT Crest looks applicable to the Eliott cutlass. Cuts happen to use PLATES while sharing ermined lozenges in the colors of the same of Hounds. In colors reversed, the Cut plates become the Eliott PELLETS, terms that I've traced to Pylos at Greek Messene. It's convenient to use white and black roundels as either plates or pellets in that they can yet trace to the same entity when in colors reversed. Mussels/Muscels use plates on the Meschin Shield, and the latter use scallops as code for Scylla's Sicilians. Near Scylla, the Patti location betrays the Patmos origin of Sicilians, and moreover Patti goes to the patee crosses of Massena's/Messina's and Meuse's. Have we got this right?

Meschins had merged with purple-lion Skiptons who gave their purple lion to Lacys (or vice-versa), and then both Lacy surnames, one sharing pellets with CutLASS-using Eliotts, come up as "Lass." Now we know that Cuts / Cuthberts link to Lacys.

As I see Cutters using the Saluzzo Shield in colors reversed, let's add that the Hounds (share ermined lozenges with Catters) and Cuts are using a version of the Sale/Sallete bend. The Eliott bend has a "baton" upon it, the Angel/Angle symbol, and the latter are a branch of Nagle's that trace to Liguria's Oneglia (i.e. near Monaco), and moreover the Nagle lozenges are in the colors of the Ides/Hyde lozenges. Of some preliminary interest is that while Nagle's share the blue fesse of Hazel's and relayed Dussels, Wikipedia's Khazaria article says that the country was HAZARLar to the Turks. Blue is important because Huns are suspect in the mythical blue wolf while (blue hound?) Khazars lived on a Russian Itil river smacking of "Attila." In fact, "Little" and "Itte" smack of "Itil" too, and Itte of Metz was born shortly after Attila's death in about 450 BC. Khazars even had a capital at Atil (mouth of the Itil).

? My question: were the Jews amongst the Khazars from the Has element that named Hasmoneans? Tigranes Maccabee ruled Armenia, and from there, one can go to the founding of Khazars. Joseph, the Khazar king, in apparently denying a Jewish ancestry, wrote that Khazars were Togarmites, but might "TIGRanes" trace to Togarmites? "Tigranes" is like the Irish word for 'priest," and I traced the Ulster Irish (trace themselves to Miletus) to a Milesian settlement in the Khazar / Kabardino theater. Ireland, I suppose, was named by Eranians = Iranians, probably the same peoples as Irons to which ancient Alans are traced.

I recall finding very good evidence for an Attila trace to the founding of Khazars upon a Terek river in the Alania theater (Caucasia). Incidentally, Alania has an Ardon river (Terek tributary) that jibes with the Arduinici of Oneglia that had traced to Alauna in Manche! Did I not mention this until now? I can't get online now to check, but I know that Khazars had a capital on the Terek river. The Blade's/BURSEblade's that were bumped into earlier might just be after "Bleda," Atilla's brother. When mention Burseblade's above, it was said, "Per chance, the modern Inegol location some 30 miles from Bursa [now Turkey] might apply to proto-Nagle's." The Ardon in OSSETia (compares with OSwestry, home of Alans), which reminds me of the Rosette's/Rocets / Roger/Roget discussion as it seemed applicable to Roger liners between Alauna and the founding of the Arduinici. If Rosette's were Ossetia liners, can "Rusticus" apply?

The Khazar city of Samander smacks of "Scamander," mythical father of Togarmah-suspect Teucer! I can't recall whether that had occurred to me before. Khazars are regarded as Terek-like Turks, and moreover I've read that they are usually traced to Bulgarians...who lived in Thrace, the entity suspect by historians with the Trojans...who built Troy on the foot of mount Ida. Was Attila a Trojan liner from Ida? Samander was near the Khazar city of KIZLyar, a Hazel-like term. As Teucer was made the father of Batia, what's that bat doing in the Bug Crest?

Take another look at this Rangel Coat to see a blue-on-gold Shield, the colors of the Hazel fesse. Is that not amazing corroboration that Hazels (and the namers of Dusseldorf) were Melissena-related Rangabe's, and therefore Khazars of that ilk??

The "Drake" look of the Terek river reminds me that it was the chief of Drakenberg that introduced Milouziana = Melusine to me. Nicholas de Vere said that she was mother to Milo, and the one Mile surname (moline in Weir/Vere colors) was first found in the same place (Hamburg) as Drake's. The Miles' (with an 's') share a green Chief with Tracks/Triggs, tending to clinch the Drake trace to its branch, the Tracks/Triggs, and together they trace well, thanks to Nicholas blabbing on Melusine, to the Terek river. He may have thought that no one would catch-on to making a Milo link to surnames, but the use of codes by Masonic bloodlines just happened to be my specialty. The center of the Mile moline is expected to be using the Nagle lozenge.

The Dussel(dorf)s use a fesse in the colors of the Weir/Vere and Hazel fesse. It's what reveals to us that Dusseldorf is a Hazel liner, now suspect as a Khazar line of the Melissena kind. It was lucky that I just entered "Wier" to get you the Weir Coat above, for I normally don't use that spelling. Another Wier/Weyer surname came up, which was first found in Westphalia, location of Dusseldorf. We now have good indication that Vere's and the namers of Dusseldorf were Varangians of the Wieringen kind. But Dussels are tracing to Khazars too, right? That makes sense.

Dusseldorf happens to be within 25 miles of an Essen location (not to be confused with Hesse). The Essen(dorf)/Essellen surname (just a blue cross) was first found in Hesse, however, where the Rasmussens were first found that use fleur in the colors of the Wier/Weyer fleur! That tend to link the Rasmussen unicorn to the same-colored one of Fire's/Feuers while revealing that the latter were Wiers/Weyers.

The Krume-related Silvers have been suspect with TranSYLVANia (home of Khazars), and so the Flemish Silvans (same Coat roughly as Sellicks) were just entered to find a "mourant" motto term like the MenuMORUT family on Transylvania's Mures river. Krume's were first found in the same place (Hamburg) as German Bugs/Buglers (Bugle/Bogen colors), and Silvans were first found in the same place (Nottingham) as the bouget-using Bugs. German Bug's (in Helias colors, important for the Pollock trace to Bogens > Bauers) once showed martlets linkable to Charles Martel and therefore to Itte of Metz. The bouget is part-code for Buckets/Buchards, and they use "A lily and holly branch in saltire." Maxwells and related Islips/Haslips use holly (!), but Haslips are a branch of Hazels, how about that!! The Buckets/BuCHARDs share red piles with GuisCARDs! Zowie. Nottingham's Bugs, in the colors of bow-using Bugle's/Bogens, could suggest that mythical ROBIN Hood was a Probin/Robin liner. Hoods could therefore be a branch of Ides'/Hyde's and arrow-using Heids.

As Silvans are also "CUCKney," they link well to Grimaldi-related Cochs because German Gris'/Griims were likewise first found in Hamburg. This is where the Maccabee trace to Khazars gets compelling because English Gris'/Gisels (Monaco suspects) are said to be from Motte, while I have been sure that Has at Krume was named by Maccabees from Mott-related Modi'in (the first-known Hasmoneans originated here). It just so happens that the Motts share a giant white crescent with Silvers and Krume's!!! Silvers show also as "SilverNAIL (!), and were first found in Has-suspect Hesse, across the Rhine from HUNSbruck. The Hesse's are also Hazel-like Hessels.

English Silvers look like Bachs/Baghs (same place as Welsh Roberts) and perhaps using the Probin/Robin and Robert lion. To help show that Silvers were from Peter and Robert Pollock, the Peter Chief is in the colors of the Silvan and Sellick Chiefs.

For whatever it could mean to you, Buckets/Buchards come up as "Bogart", one of three Bogart surnames, one being the Jewish Baumgartners. Dutch Bogarts are suspect in using the Robert chevron because English Bogarts/Buckets were first found in the same place as Bursers expected in Robert the Bursar (sheriff of Worcestershire) in the English-Robert write-up.

One Holly surname uses Melusine, a Khazar liner, right? Hollys are colors reversed from Kizlyar-like Kissels, and they share a white talbot. Hollys have been traced to Holle of Holstein (near-north of Hamburg), and Holstein is an integral part of Schleswig, where Harald, brother of Rurik, the first-known Varangian ruled for a time, important because Rurik is suspect with Khazar alliances, and may have been closely related to Inger (i.e. Melissena's husband).

There is a HUNSruck region on my atlas smack across the Moselle river from "Rhineland." Hunsruck is therefore a little ways downstream from Metz. Itte/Ida of Metz was traced to the boys in the Masculine Coat, and then Maschi's (Benjamite line) use "pine cones" while we saw a boy pulling down a pine tree. The Cone's (and Conte's and Hamonds) use antlers, a symbol of Attila because Hungarians (beside Moravia) traced themselves both to Attila and to a legendary stag. The Cone's are thus suspect with "Kun = Hun."

On the page below on Khazar names, you will find the following pertinent to this discussion: Baghatur, Bihor, Bugha, Bulchan (Buchan / Bucho?), Buzer, Morat, and Menmorut. Bugha's look linkable to the Bug river, and to Bugle's/Bogans, more evidence that Rothschilds, from the Rhineland theater, were Khazar liners.

To clinch the cutlass trace to Cuts, said to be from "Cuthbert," the Cuthberts share a "fortiter" motto term with cutlass-using Eliotts, as well as sharing a red fesse with the other Eliotts. Cuthberts/CUDberts ("A hand in a gauntlet holding a DART PROPER") were of KirkCUDbrightshire, and first found in the same place (Dumfries) as Annan(dale), thus tracing Eliotts where they should trace, to the Langholm / Kilbucho area of Little's. Note how "KilBUCHo" (was identified with Begga, daughter of Itte) can warrant a buck symbol, and indeed some heraldic stags are called bucks.

Cuthberts are in the colors of the Cuttle bend, itself in colors reversed to the Eliott bend, and this makes Eliotts suspect as a merger with a Cattolica line to Blake's/Caddels. Blake's are expected as Blacks sharing the red-on-white crescent with Little's and Beggs, and can therefore be expected as a Pollock line to the Bullocks who themselves use Lochaber axes for a trace to Lockerby (very near Kilbucho).

The Cuttle bend is colors reversed also to the Porci bend, suggesting that Cuttle's are of the Porcius Cato line to Cato's/Chattans. Problematic here is that Kettle's show a stag head like that of Keiths said to be from "Catti." The problem is: are Kettle's a line from Itte of Metz, or are they a branch of "Keith/Keath," or are Keiths from Itte too? Perhaps there was an Itte merger with Keiths, for Keiths lived in Haddington (kettle HATs come to mind), location of Musselburgh, while Mussels (share plates with Cuts) trace to Moselle, location of Metz. It just so happens that Haddington is in East Lothian, where Cuttle's (and Faucets) were first found! The Cuttle bend thereby becomes suspect with the Lorraine and Arms-of-Lorraine bend. I didn't know while writing here that Helias Pollock was in East Lothian, and so the Pollock boar may now trace to Porcius Cato. It might explain why the Pollock bend is white, like the Cato/Chattan bend, and why the two can link together to the Dober and Doberman bends.

A trace of the Pollock bend to the Dober(man) bend does not necessarily mean that there was a Pollock marriage with Dober liners directly; it could have been a Pollock marriage to a family that had adopted the Dober(man) bend. This goes for all traces based on heraldic symbols. DOBRawa was from the Bohemians and/or Moravians, if I recall correctly. But I am now tracing her name to Dober, near Koplik, and for that trace, it gets us near Has (suspect for the moment with Khazars), which was beside Krume, and then Krume's (Drummond colors) were first found in the same place (Hamburg) as Drummonds (Dober colors) that were born from Hungarians, the Attila line. And as Attila supposedly founded Khazars, we note that proto-Hungarian Magyars were allies of Khazars and Kabars, explaining why Khazar "Jews" fled to Hungary. Drummonds share the wavy bar with Pollocks.

The Pollok location that Peter, Helias and Robert adopted for their name was from Mieszko and Dobrawa, and/or from Mieszko and his other wife, Oda, a name like "Ida." I can't get online to check, but one of the surnames using "haec," either the Ides' or Probins, used an "otio" motto term.

The Ide's/Hyde's use a "fecIT" motto term that's like the "Fac et" of Mathie's/MAGHANs while Little's use a "MAGNum" motto term. This helps to make it all-the-more compelling to trace Ida of Metz to Little's. Plus, while I started to lose hope (last update) in tracing "Fac et" to Faucets, because it looked instead like the phrase traces to Itte and Face's/Fessys together, it now appears that it can trace both to Itte and Faucets (same lion as Buchanans and Peters). Faucets are said to have been two miles from Musselburgh!!! I'm not suggesting that FaucETS were named in-particular after Itte of Metz, but that they can trace well to Metz upon the Moselle. Wasn't Farrah Fawcett (correct spelling?) part of the "Charlie's ANGELS" television show?

Plus, Little's use a leopard FACE in Crest! We are on it! And then Seatons of East Lothian, sharing the double tressure with Buchanans, likewise use the red crescent. Put it all together, and the line from Begga, and Pepin of Landen, goes to Lothian, beside Peebles, a place like the People variation of Pepins.

Peebles was suspect with Pebbles Flintstone, and so lets add that Bettys/Beatys were found to use a version of the Barney key, for Little's are said to have been neighbors of Armstrongs, Eliotts and Beatties! WILMA FLINTstone (in the colors of the tressure-using Flemings = VLAAMs) was code for Flemings of FLANDers. FRED Flintstone was suspect with a Frederick (whom I cannot recall) found in an image with a blue tie, the color of the Fred-Flintstone tie.

Fred's "dog," Dino, can now be identified with emperor Olybrius, for Dino's (in Lieb/Lieber colors) were not only first found in Florence, but they write "LIBERtas" on their Mens-suspect Chief. Letters on Coats are now suspect with the Pepinid line of Arnolf of Metz, you see, and then there was recently shown a True/Zecrest Coat with "LIEB" upon it. Olybrius pre-dated Pepin. Here's from the last update: "English Olivers, much like "Olybrius," use an oak tree i.e. the Lieber oak theme!" There is another oak tree in the Dino Coat!! The way to bring these terms around to oak-theme Alans and Liebs/Liebers is by the "Pro Libertate" of Wallace's (Dino colors), likely using the Stewart lion in colors reversed. Florentinus was a Roman and may therefore have been descended from Olybrius, the latter an Anicii liner just like the Rusticus family that Florentinus married.

The ZachREISS variation of True's/Zecrests suggests the Reiss/Rice's that likewise use the oak tree, as well as sharing crosiers with the Mummolin-suspect Kirks. The fact that Reiss'/Rice's were first found in Bohemia may play to the Marcomanni / Quadi of that area, expected in the last update to trace to Munderic. The "quod" motto term of Kirks, I've only just realized, can be in honor of a Quadi line. Quade's / Mackays are also "Quoid".

Another Coat using letters, I have just recalled, is the Arms of Liege. Munderic's grandson, Gondulphus of Tongeren, was beside Liege, and Landen and Amay were nearby. Wikipedia's suggestion that Liege is derived in leod-like terms that mean "people" is not convincing, but the use of "people" does look like more code. The Pepins/People's use "QUE" twice within their motto terms (for new readers jumping in here, I'm tracing Quade's to Qewe/Que of Cilicia). The Dutch city of Leiden is said to be named after Lug, wherefore the same may apply to Liege. Lug was joined in myth with ManANNAN, in the Isle of Man, where the "Mens" motto term of Pepins has been traced. The Arms of Liege is in the colors of the Lighs/Lee's, which may reveal origin in the Lys river, and or the grayhound-using Lys/Lisse Coat. The Lys grayhounds are those of Pennys/Penes' for a Penestae reason, and then Penns are using a Shield I typically connect to the Cut plates because Cuts are using a version of the Sale/Sallete bend while Pendragons are using the Sale/Sallete fleur-de-lys.

This recalls the trace of apparent Nagle liners to a wicked scheme (911) in PennSYLVania, known to be named after the Penn surname. As SILVers use the giant crescent of Krume's that are traceable to Krume on the Drilon river, by what coincidence was Penestae a little further up the Drilon river? Are not Nagle's of the Pendragon line simply for the Arduinici family at Oneglia? This was the Boofima cult of human sacrificers that included the Nons/Nevins and Boeufs/Beefs, both using fesses in colors reversed from one another, and matching the fesse of Nagle's ("non" motto term).

The Lorraine eagle, while clinched as the Piast eagle, may also be the Falton eagle (Ali/Aliotta colors). The "foy" motto term of Faltons traces to Foys/Foix's very suspect with the Fauxside location of Faucets. Foys/Foix's, sharing pellets with Eliotts, were first found in the same place as Chappes', while Chapmans, first found in the same place as Cuts, use the Little / Begga crescent once again. The Arms of Foix (beside Roquefeuil) are three pale bars half in the colors of the same in the Arms of AMAY, and the latter are expected in the Meuse/Muse Coat, a surname that traces Amay elements to the Meuse / Moselle theater for the obvious reason that Munderic's family at Meuse (at CHATILLon/Chalons) had married Amay.

The additional trace of Pollocks to Foix is suspect with de-Pol(e)s and Gaunts of Foix-Candale. Jean of Foix was a earl of Candale/Kendal, but, before that, John Beaufort (Boofima liner), a grandson of John of Gaunt (Lancaster) and a Roet liner, was earl of Candale/Kendal. Previous to that, the first duke of Candale/Kendal was (another grandson of John of Gaunt) John (Bohun-Alan on his mother's side), duke of Bedford, and then Ide's/Hyde's were first found in Bedfordshire. Was there an Itte connection to Gaunts?

While Candale and Kendal are related terms, Kendal ought to be the location of that name in Westmorland, ruled as a barony (before 1100) by Ivo/Ives Taillebois (other husband of Lucy Taillebois), whose line changed their surname to, Lancaster. The Morlands and Morleys use a jessant leopard face in the colors of the Taillebois lion, and this is suspect as the Aide leopard face. Apparently, the Ives, with what I see as a version of the Orrel Coat, are from Ivo because they were first found in Lincolnshire.

Luton in Bedford is suspect with Griffs/Grave's because both surnames use the same spread eagle. The gauntlet glove, like the lion paws of the Bedford surname, are suspect with the leopard gloves worn by Boofima priests when making their sacrificial kill. Imagine the horror of the humans in their grip. Carthaginians were infamous for sacrificing children. Just try to imagine this. Men of war, slaughtering women and children too, to seize their wealth without repercussions from the children when they become men. We are not talking only a few hundred demonic men like this, but millions upon millions the ages through.

No matter how you cut this, Boofima is tracing hard to Itte of Metz. We should ask the boys in the Masculine Coat about this. Recall Bobo and the Bovo's: "We saw bulls in the Boy/BOVE/Boetti and Bobo surnames suspect with a Bodegisel-related Bobo, but bulls, a Merovingian-roots symbol, are used also by Mountains around a saltire that's likely the Messey/Messier / Mercia saltire." The Boeufs/Beefs have variations suggesting bull-using TURNbulls, suspect from the Turano river, roughly the area of the Marsi, and very traceable to Merovingian-beloved Tour liners.

Luton/Louton variations are like Lothian-surname variations, and here I can say for the first time that the "dormIT" and "custodIT" motto terms of Lothians is code for Itte of Metz! This was unexpected in the flow of this discussion, coming after the above was written.

If you search "Masculine" in the last update, you may find why Itte of Metz was traced to the boys in this Masculine Coat, and so she was traced to "A BOY pulling down a green pine tree" in the Crest of Bodegisel-suspect Bothwells/Boduels. But a pine tree is in the Lothian Coat while Masculine's are like the Muscel variation of Mussels...who named Musselburg of Lothian, you see. So, Moselle-river liners, and likely also Meuse-river liners, were in Lothian, and they were, of course, the Pepin > Itte line. It should trace to the pine cones of Maschi's/MASKALYs, beside Fano where GAUNTlet-using Fane's/Veynes' trace. Let's get up to more speed by tracing the fret-using Cattle's from Cattolica to Chatillon (Chalons-sur-Marne), the latter using three pale bars half in the colors of the same of the Arms of Foix. The descendants of Porcius Cato are suspect to Chatillon as per "The counts of Chatillon added to their title that of prince of Porcien..." "Porcius" might just trace to Bursa, beside Inegol.

The "dormit" motto term of Lothians should be for Dermots that come up as "Darby." If that's correct, Lothians can look like a branch of Littons (Martel crown?), first found in Derbyshire. As the Clinton Shield has the look of the Litton Coat, it looks like Clintons can be a branch of MacLittons, if ever there was such a surname. Clintons share the pierced gold star with Spurrs, and a cowboy spur is used by Close's/Clove's (i.e. from Kilpatricks) while the Litton / Clinton Chiefs looks like a version of the Kilpatrick Chief (the latter were traced to Litton-like Latins sharing a saltire in the colors of the Spurr-like Supers).

There's a Ricardo Greda de Spurwaye in the Spurr write-up. With Perthshire and Perthois now known to trace to Perdrix at Mont Pilat -- because Brule's use the Pilate pheons in both colors -- the suspicion is that Mr. Greda is a Valerius Gratus liner. Years ago, I traced the father of Pontius Pilate to Botters, or at least to the area where Botters lived, but I did not mention that again until now. Botters were, from that time years ago, identified with the Close/Clovse bend, and here we are with some teeth to the trace of Pilate to Botters.

Note how "Perthois" is like "Prusa," the ancient Brusa now suspect with the Prusa/PROKopp/Brocuff surname tracing to mascle-using Spinks, suspect with mascle-using SENEScals that are themselves suspect in the SINISter direction of certain, Masci-related bends, and now suspect with the sinister shoulder of the Pollock boar.

To help clinch a Perthois trace to Porcius suspects at Prusa, Munderic of the Chalons / Chatillon area ruled at Perthois while Lothians were first found in Perthshire. Perthois was called, Brule, and the Brule's = BRUGGs use a saltire in colors reversed from the Little saltire. But as the latter's is the Kilpatrick saltire (in the colors of the Brugg saltire), let's remention that Kilpatricks are Latin kin, trace-able to both Latin surnames. That trace was made years ago, but further points now are that Italian Latins, first found in Florence (!), are using what should be the Annandale saltire as used by Brugg-related Bruce's, as well as STIRRUPs that can link to Lenards/Lennons, suspect in the last update with the Pontii Leonti family of Munderic's great-grandfather, Ruricius (this line married Florentinus). Rurik-suspect Rory of Bute used the same lion as Bruce's, but the sub-point was that Ruricius' daughter, Hiberia, was traced to the "HIBERnico" motto term of Lenards/Lennons, where the "NICO" part was traceable to "ANICII" because Ruricius was believed (by the ancients) to be an Anicii liner. But the point is that the Lenard/Lennon motto is more-fully, "hibernico STIRPe," like "stirrup." The Latins using the stirrup are in Stur colors, while the other Latins are in Sturling/Stirling colors.

Why are the Krume's also KrummSTRUPs? Should that be read as "KrummsTROP," for the Tropoje area near Krume? Looks like. The drop-using Trope's/Drops happen to use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mens/Mengzes, and the latter are the ones with an "I zal" motto phrase for Has liners such as Islips/Haslips, right? This is a compelling argument in support of traces to Has and Krume. It's compelling where Trips were first found in the same place (Hamburg) as Krummstrups and Krumm-rhyming Drummonds. Hmm.

The following gets compelling in a trace to Caiaphas between London and Cambridgeshire with Bedford in the middle. As background to this great point, it needs to be said that the 5th update of last month found Quintus-Caepio liners at Bedford that had escaped me until then. To make it short, Capone's, first found in Cambridgeshire, have been linked to Campbell-colored Camps, likely merged with Italian Capone's/Capua's of CAMPania, and then the Caepionis surname from Quintus Caepio was suspect at "Cupionich," not far from Tropoje. But today, when at Wikipedia's High-Sheriff-of-Worcestershire article, "William de Bello Campo (William de Beauchamp)" was found. I didn't know that Beauchamps were of a Campbell-like Bello Campo, and so the Beauchamps were looked up. It just so happens that Beauchamps were first found in Bedfordshire, but it's quite amazing that they moreover use a Coat similar to both the Hamburgs and Trips! Amongst other things, it tends to clinch a Caepio trace to Cupionich, and therefore to the Caiaphas-suspect Cavii of that place.

One can now dig teeth into the fact that the Kopple's, from the Koplik variation of "Cupionich," are using only a single, large bird (rooster) in both colors of both large birds of French Josephs. You can take this to the casino and bet your house on the risk that French Josephs are in honor of Joseph Caiaphas.

Beauchamps are traced to a location of that name in Somme (Picardy), and that's where the Picard gyronny should trace that's shared by the London surname. It's important because Campbells use gyronny, and because the Beauchamp write-up has another location of that name in Manche, off the coast of which is gyronny-suspect Guernsey. The "Summum" motto term of Teague's can trace well to Beauchamp because Teague's use the same-style crosslets as Beauchamps.

The Somme river was suspect with the same that named "Sohaemus," a priest of El-Gabal, and then that sun-god traced from the sun in the Hesse/Huss/Hessel Coat to Has (not shown), smack between GABULeum and Cupionich. You can bet your garage on that trace while you're at it. On the map at the Gabuleum link, Cupionich is roughly where you see the 'E' of "AUTA RIATAE".

To be more sure, see Crevenia on the map below, a little north of Gabulcus (same as Gabuleum on the other map). Modern Has is either exactly, or very near the mouth of the river upon which Crevenia sits. Now compare the Craven Coat with the Beauchamp and Gore/Core Coats, and it will have you acknowledge that Beauchamps had merged with Tropoje / Trip liners. Then, let's add that Gore's traced for multiple reasons to Servitium not far from the mouth of the Kupa!!! I needed that. It's the best way, that I can recall, of tracing Cupionich" to "Kupa," thanks to the Beauchamp Coat now working for this point. The Kupa (find Japodes) on the earlier map above is called the "Colapis," and Servitium is near the mouth of the Oeneus = Una river, the river of mythical Juno, and so if you study the family tree at Wikipedia's article on Servilia Caepionis, you'll see why that family traces to both Servitium and Juno.

Let's go back to the Langfords having a different-colored version of the Meuse pale bars. The Langford bars, if laid on their side, become the Bars of the Somerset Leavells (suspect weeks ago with the Stur bars) while Langfords are said to be from an IVEL river in Bedford. The Langford bars are in the colors of the same in the Arms of Foix, and Foix was ruled by John of Bedford. The write-up speaks on a Langford BUDville in Somerset. As the lion paws of the Bedford surname are to be linked to the same in the Quint Crest, BEDfords and Budville's should trace to Budva/Butua on the coast from Cupionich.

I kid you not, another strange event happened just as I found the Beauchamp topic, and before I realized how it could help trace to Krume. I got up from my desk, and saw a green beetle jump off the firewood. My first reflection was, oh no, not another Sign. The readers will think I'm crazy. And so I started to wonder what it could mean, for I was thinking that this beetle is what the grubs in the bark produce. I have not seen such a beetle in my house ever, after some six years of burning wood, and so I naturally wondered whether the Beetle surname applies somehow. I didn't give it anymore thought as I got down to the computer to write what you just read on Beauchamps. The beetle didn't come to mind until writing BEDford above.

I knew without looking that Beetle's/BEDwells use lozenges in the colors of the Crone lozenges...that can therefore trace Beetle's to Krume. That's amazing already, but I didn't remember that they were first found in Bedfordshire! Moreover, there had been a strange occurrence with the grubs weeks ago that traced the Avis/Avison surname (garbs suspect with the Joseph garbs) to Avezzano, upstream on the Salto from Rieti! This beetle appeared before I got to the mention of Auta Riatae above. The Avis surname is traced to an "auicia" term much like the Aequi peoples at Avezzano. The Beetle lozenges trace to Losinj in the Gorsky area of Croatia, where I trace "Gore."

The discussion on the grub informed me that Caiaphas will trace to Avezzano, and I told this to readers. You can go back and read it (by finding "grub" starting in the last update of this past December, and continuing on in some updates afterward). And here today, with the appearance of the beetle (I get rewarded with delightful laughter at times like this), is how one can trace Caiaphas to Avezzano, by tracing the namers of Rieti (Reeds and Roets) to the Auta Riatae at Cupionich. Roets were first found in the same place as Somerset Leavells.

Find Rhizon right beside Butua, for the Rice's/Rhys' and Rise's/Reiss' (Bohemia) are connectable to Rye's/Ryse's/Rise's (same place as Saddocks) whom are honored in the "ears of rye" of Sadducee-suspect Saddocks. The Boetus house of Sadducees itself traces to the Boeotians at Butua. The Scottish Chappes'/Chaips can be gleaned as Saddock kin by using "ears of wheat," and then the Wheats use garbs. There is a phenomenal set of books to be written here by the ones capable. The "secret" motto term of Rice's can get you to the ZachREISS surname that come's up as "True" and shows secret-like variations, thus tracing them to Rhizon too.

There is a Bar location (not shown) on the coast at lake Scodra (between Butua and the Cavii). This was traced to Bars who share the Este eagle, but that eagle came up in the French Beauchamp Coat.

There is a Kotor location (not shown) at Rhizon, and as I trace it to Cutters, it's now important that the Roets (beside Cutters of Dorset) are using Cutter colors. It only begins to prove a Roet trace to Rieti and to the Auta Riatae (marked about 50 miles from Rhizon). To prove it further, the Roet Coat can be clinched now and only now as a version of the Kaplin's/Chaplin's, first found in the same place as English Josephs that use the Aves garbs!!! That proves a Roet trace to Rieti. Moreover, the Cutters (mural crown) have been traced to the Saluzzo Shield so that Roets and Kaplans are likewise using it, important because the namers of Saluzzo were those on the Salto river from Avezzano to Rieti! You can gamble the entire worth of the casino with this information. The Joseph Chief is even much like the Roet and Kaplin Chiefs. Check out the two gold fesses in the French Chaplin Coat and link to the same of Josephs. The goons can cry foul all they want, but most readers will put two and two together to see that Chaplins are Caiaphas liners.

The Bedford Beauchamps use a red swan head in Crest. The Luton / Grive/Grave eagle is likely a version of the Beauchamp eagle.

Scottish Leavells were first found in the same place (Roxburghshire) as Molle's. As Moline's were of Fulbert "the tanner," the Fullers should apply who share three horizontal red bars with Leavells, and reflective of the Stur bars. If you check for Laevi liners amongst the Munderic family, you will not be disappointed. Munderic traced to Amyntes who himself was ancestral to Laevillus' children, one of whom was PROCulus, perhaps a Porcius liner. Laevillus' Qewe-suspect line goes through the Quadi, allies of the Buri who looked traceable to Abruzzo elements, quite possibly from a child / family of Porcius Cato in Abruzzo. Drake's and boar-using Vere's (colors reversed from the Molle boar?) had traced to Abruzzo before I knew that Porcius Cato grew up there. Any heraldic thing from Abruzzo stands a good chance of being from Porcius Cato, including the Porc- / Prusa- / Brusa- like Bruce surname. The Abreu's (of the Abruzzo surname) use five wings while Sheaves/Chiapponi's, first found in Abruzzo, use five keys. Why? The Quadi, Buri and Marcomanni are said in Wikipedia to have moved around 400 AD to Portugal's Galicia, and then the Abreu's that use the five wings (see also Alfreds) are Portuguese.

Longville's/Langville's share the six white-on-red crosslets of Tints for a trace of Landen liners to Cornwall, where Landons/Langdons were first found, and beside Somerset. Tintagel was the birthplace of king Arthur by an aspect of mythical GORlois, and then Gore's use the same type of crosslets, half in the colors of the Tint / Longford crosslets. Even before this discussion, I have been suspecting that Eschyna-de-Molle's line from Pepins would be of King Arthur, for the Munderic-Artemia line was expected (last update) to be exactly foundational to king Arthur. Gowers/Gore's use a black FLORY cross...almost the Moline / Chives moline.

The Tint crosslets are likely in use in the Fast/Withipoole Coat, honored in the "Anchor fast anchor" of Grays. You will see later details on the Gray link to Glass', but the point here is that Glass' (first found in Buteshire) use Melusine of Avalon.

The white wolves of Gore's/Core's and Gowers/Gore's are very linkable to the Yonge wolf, and Yonge's, with a "Roberi" motto term, are suspect with the pile's of the Roxburghshire Leavells. These Yonge's (Bernician theater) are said to be StrathCLYDE liners, as with Pollocks and others of that area. Clyde's use the Alan Shield. The Clyde river flows from Sanquhar (some 50 miles from Lockerby), through Biggar, Hamilton, and Lanark to Glasgow, explaining why Yonge's use a motto term honoring the Pollock-related Probins/Robins (Robins share the thistle with Paisleys). Therefore, a new thing has been discovered, that Yonge's/Youngs trace, not only to Pollocks, but to Probinus' Anicii line. The English Yonge's, therefore, are likewise using the Lockerby stars (same colors, same positioning), especially as Scottish Yonge's are said to be from the Borderlands that covering Lockerby.

The same roses are used by German Roose's/Rose's, begging the question of whether Rose's were Rosicrucian liners from Rusticus. The "Christo" motto term of English Roose(velt)'s (why a blue eagle?) is not in honor of Jesus, but for the Christ's/Krists/Kists using more roses upon a split Shield like that of Rosters/Rawsthorne's/Rostrons. I'm not at all convinced that the latter were Rusticus liners, but it's worth recording. They could be the namers of Hawthorns whom I identified with the Guiscard-based Hauteville's. That could explain the "VESciter" motto term of Roose(velt)'s, for Guiscards/WISharts are suspect as Visconti's. The same motto term could be part-code for Skits / Skeetz's.

Tassels, first found in Bedfordshire, use the blue eagle too.

The reason I view Hawthorns as Hauteville's is that the Hawthorn Coat looks like a combination of Tankerville's (same place as Taillebois' and Ives') and their Tancred branch. The Ives' were suspect above with Ives/Ivo Taillebois, and here we have the evidence, apparently. Ivo was born or raised at CRISTot (near Caen), and so the Krists above now seem to be indeed related to Rosters = Hawthorns = Hauteville's. In a nutshell, Rusticus could be tracing here to the Rollo-line of Hauteville > Tancred > Guiscard. As we are dealing here in a line of Lancasters, note that Tankerville's are using a Coat version of Chaddocks and Chadwicks, both first found in Lancashire. As these are Sadducee suspects, what about Tailers/Taillefers using the Levi lions in colors reversed?

The Clinton Coat is showing as the personal Arms of Gerold of Roumare, brother of Raoul de Tancarville. Gerold's son has a page with the Gerold/Desmond Coat, and this son is said to be the same as "Chatelain de Neufmarche". Therefore, as Gerolds were Tankerville's, by what coincidence are the latter Sadducee suspects while Desmonds/Gerolds use the Annan(dale) saltire? The MONKey and the "Crom" motto term of Gerolds/Desmonds indicate linkage with Monaco and the Croom-related Crone's sharing a lozengy Shield with Grimaldi's. The Crooms/Crone's happen to share the Massey fleur with the Bricks. The Monks happen to use lions in the colors of the de-Gernon and Bordeaux lion.

It's off-topic, but as I traced Marshalls to Nimo's/Newmarsh's (share a red saltire with Gerolds/Desmonds), I don't think I knew until now that there is a separate Newmarsh Coat, said to be of Neuf-Marche, using roughly the same string of gold-on-red lozenges as Marshalls (these had traced to Italian Musso's/Mussolini's by way of Marshall connection to Musselburgh). Newmarsh's were first found in the same place (Breconshire) as Commins Coch of the Comyns write-up. The string of Brick lozenges seem linkable to the namers of Breconshire, and definitely to Ranulph de Briquessart.

On second thought, perhaps it's not off-topic because the lozenges above are in the colors of the Beetle lozengy while Ivo Taillebois was sheriff of Bedfordshire (and Lincolnshire). Beetle's share the lozengy of Crone's!

To help trace Kendal of Westmorland to Candale at Gironde, it recalls the gyronny in the Arms of Gironde, while gyronny was identified with a line of Ranulph de Gernon, grandson of Ranulph Briquessart. The Arms of de Gernon was an upright white-on-red lion, the symbol also of the Bordeaux Coat. Houseofnames gives the Gernon surname a gold-on-red lion like the one in the CANTON square of the Arms of William of Lancaster. The Canton surname uses a version of the Washington Coat so that Washingtons can trace to Candale elements. Apparently, unless the Washington Coat came first, the double-red bars of the Washington Coat derive in-part from the Coat of William de Lancaster, baron of Kendal after Ivo.

The Kendal surname (Cornwall, same as where Longville's traced) looks like it's linkable to dolphins of Morley-like Marleys (Cheshire) supposedly from Morlaix of Brittany. This Mar term, along with Marshalls and Newmarsh's, may have to do with Lucy Taillebois (wife of Ivo and le-Meschin) being from Mercians. There is a very good chance that her line has much to do with Mercia-related Messeys/Messier's, for English Messier's (show no Coat) were first found in Lincolnshire, home of Ivo and Lucy. It tends to clinch a trace of the Messey saltire to the flag of Mercia, but tends also to suggest that Mercians were honoring Lucy with that flag. In this picture, one should consider a trace of Lucy to Itte of Metz, for Itte was herself suspect with Mercians (though that was very tentative).

Having said all that, the Longville's/Langville's (talbot dog, no surprise now) can now be identified with le-Meschin-suspect Rands (Lincolnshire), as well as Tottenhams suspect in the "tot" motto term of Hamons. All three surnames place a white dancette / chevron on their red symbols. Note "CrisTOT" (home of Ivo) and "LuveTOT" in the Longville write-up. For me, this is the Tatton-of-Massey line back to lake Tatta. The Longville dancette could be the Chee/Cheatle dancette.

For support in tracing Lucy Taillebois to Lacys, the Longville Coat looks like a version of the Craven Coat while Lacys were linked to Skiptons of Craven. This can Longville's back to Crevenia in the land of the Cavii, though the Taulantii (shown vertically) were adjacent to the south of the Cavii. I've argued that the Tails/Tailers / Taillebois were from Taulantii.

Someone online is saying: "Ivo is a brother of Gerold de Roumare, son of Walter Giffard," but the page above on Gerold does not give a Gifford as his parent. At this page, Gerold's grandson marries Mathilde Giffard d'Arques. Walter Giffard was earl of Longueville. Giffards, first found in Lancashire, share a gold rooster in Crest with Sinclairs, and the Gifford motto phrase, "Malo mori," is code for Malahule of More, ancestor of Ranulf Briquessart, who likewise married Lucy Taillebois.

The earliest-recorded Longville/Langville is said to have descended from Giffards (in Tailer colors), and so we flip over to the Rosicrucian-suspect Were's (crosiers) said to have been in a merger with Giffords. The Were's are using the bend of Ivo-like Iverys traceable to Yvery, home of a Mr. Percival in the Leavell write-up. There can be no mistake: Pepin of Landen traces to Leavells, as expected from a Pepin-on-the-Ticino merger with the Laevi. And Yvery traces to Arduins at Ivrea, the descendants of the Arthur elements of king Arthur (he didn't exist). The rose on the Rosicrucian cross is not Jesus, but code for the Rus who were made up of lines from the killers of Jesus.

Giffords (Payne motto) are suspect with Hounds...and with Biggars/Giverns (pelican) somewhat gleaned in the Ivery Coat. Compare "Givern" with "Ivery" and "Gifford." That works, and expects Bihor Khazars in a merger with Ivrea's Arduinici, perfect as per the Khazars on the Ardon river. It expects them in Lanarkshire with the Biggars. The Lanark surname (same place as Herods/Haralds) is in the colors of Jewish Pollocks, and uses a perchevron linkable to the Monk chevron, especially as Douglas' are now being traced to Monaco's. It should be mentioned that LanARKs/LarnARCHs are in Ark/Arch colors, the latter suspect with the Lurco > pelican line to the Biggar pelican. LARNarchs are suspect with Lorne's and Larins, the latter first found in the same place (Argyllshire) as Lanarks (and MacArthurs). The Biggar stars are the Glass (think Glasgow) stars while Glass' are the ones with Melusine in Crest, suspect with Melissena Khazars.

By the way, the Terek is beside Chechnya, which may be the origin of heraldic checks...used by the Alan line that settled the Lanark area. As Rusticus of LYON is expected to be a Roxolani Alan, let's mention that Terek-like Tracks/Triggs and Driggs both use green lions, the colors of the Lyon / Lannoy lions, what a coincidence! The sun in the Track/Trigg Chief can be of the Hesse(l) liners to the Hazel aspects of Khazars now suspect from "Kizlyar" upon the Terek.

With the Giffords now expected in a merger with Leavells at Yvery, by what further coincidence does the Gifford motto share "foederi" with Levi- and Olybrius-suspect Olivers (martlets for Pepin > Martel liners), first found in Roxburghshire again??? I think we're on it. As the Glenys and Glenns were found to be Mens liners, the Gleny / Glenn footless martlets are likely the same-colored ones in the Oliver Chief, especially as the Olivers and Glenns share the heart. The Oliver heart is crowned, as is the heart of Biggar-related Douglas', and I see this as the Martel crown.

The double Oliver chevrons are red, as are the double LARIN/Clarin chevrons that were traced to Lorne's and Lanark/LARNarch (heart) liners. The latter likely use the Hamilton cinquefoil due to the Hamilton location in Lanarkshire, and Hamiltons are suspect with Roxolani-related Nahorites from the Ukraine. The Lanark PERCHevron suggests a trace to Perche's (Alencon theater) who use double-red chevrons in both colors of the Oliver chevrons, and then the Maine's (first found in the same place as English Alans) use the same double chevrons yet again, while Ash's/Esse's (Hesse-liner Khazars?) , first found in the same place, use two chevrons in Levi-chevron colors while German Ash's use three chevrons in the colors of the Maine two.

The Maine's use "A hand throwing a dart. while translating their "PROJeci" motto as "I have thrown away". There are circumstantial arguments for seeing that motto as code for PROKopps/Brocuffs/Prusa's / Brocks. The dart links well to the Pollock dart, and "throw" may be getting back to the Lannoy-suspect True's/Trows and Alan-suspect True's/Zachreiss' with the "LIEB" term on their fesse. The Trows/True's (Traby liners from TROPoje?) were first found in the same place (Warwickshire) as Sheriffs, who use a fesse in colors reversed from the Hazel fesse, but I see Sheriffs with Scarfs (honored by the scarf of Trabys/Sadowski's) using wolf heads that, in colors reversed, become blue wolves. Sheriffs are the ones with an "Esse quam videri" motto.

Let's repeat from above when on sheriff Robert the Bursar (Prokopp/Prusa liner?) in the English Robert Coat: "As Bursars and Burse's are expected to trace to Percivals and Purse's/Pierce's, they being form the Perche area of Bellamys, the English-Robert chevron could be the Macey chevron, and the Robert stars those of Hamonds." I then went on to trace the subsequent sheriffs of Worcestershire to the wolf of Hugh Lupus, which happens to be in the two colors of the Scarf wolves, and, moreover, the Scarf chevron is in the colors of the English-Robert chevron.

If correct to trace the namers of Warwickshire (beside Worcestershire) to Warsaw of Poland, let's repeat that the Arms of Warsaw use a mermaid much like heraldic Melusine. It predicts Khazars in Warsaw, and as that was the Masovia capital while dukes of Masovia used the Drake wyvern as symbol, it suggests indeed that the Warsaw mermaid is Melusine. As Drake's were first found in the same place as English Josephs and Chaplins, while Maine's are suspect from Maine, where French Josephs were first found, we have another Caiaphas story here. That should explain why Sheriffs are using the Chaplin griffin-head design (both erased to boot) in the same colors, and in the positioning of the same-colored dragon heads of Cutters (beside Leavells) who use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Brocks and Prokopps/Brocuffs. As Cuts and Trow's/True share greyhounds in the same positions, it looks like they can trace to Tropoje and Kotor respectively, with Cupionich and the Auta Riatae between them.

Hamiltons are expected in relation to the namers of Camulodunum. Pale bars have importance for linking to Pale's that share the camel with Pepins, explaining why we've been seeing so many pale bars lately, as for example the Roxburghs. But when they come in multiple, they are often called pallets, likely code for the Pallys/Pallets (boar heads). Lands were first found in the same place (Kent) as Massins/Masons (link easily to Belgium), and share the gyronny in the colors of the Campbell/CAMMELL gyronny. Although Landens (with an 'e') show no Lang-using variations, they do show more pale bars, six of them yet again. They also show a white bend, symbol of Langfords, but rising in the rare direction, a thing I always identify with Massena / Masci / Rasmussen liners, but it just so happens that Rasmussens use the Pepin bend-with-fleur. Therefore, Pepins from Landen (Meuse river) were permitted to use the bend rising in the left-right-direction.

Pin the Tail on Joseph Caiaphas

There are tails called by a Cowes-like term: "also coward, when the tail hangs down between the hind legs." There is a Coward surname, but the point is that Cowes variation strike me as Qewe possibilities. Later, you see a new discovery on a whack of important lines to a Fiora river, where I will now trace Cowards; you will be able to see why when you get there (hint: they use the Potter cinquefoils, the Lys-style greyhound, and the double fesse bars reflecting the same of Palmers and Flecks). The heraldry page has the Wallace's using a coward tail on a lion in the colors of the Stewart lion.

We also learn that the end of the tail is a "brush," while Brush's ("FuiMUS"motto term) are listed with two Bruce page's, one I don't recall seeing before, first found in Suffolk. It could suggest that Bruce's were directly merged with Taulantii liners.

The page below tells of a Taile code in heraldry defined as: "Taille, (fr.): used when the shield is divided diagonally, from left to right, into two equal parts=party per bend sinister." This speaks to Taillebois, married by Meschins. The page also tells that Taylards use lions tails, and then the Taylard/Tailard write-up (houseofnames) tells that they were first found in Huntingdonshire (essentially the same place as Chapmans and Capone's), where they had a "close relationship with the Chapell family", likewise first found in Huntingdonshire. Therefore, there were three Chap-like surnames in the same part of England. Chapells share the green lion with Lyons and Lannoys. The Taylord lions, at the page below, are said to be "turned to the sinister." Therefore, sinister seems to be a code reserved for the Meschin marriage to Lucy Taillebois.

The paragraph above supports my claim (logical) of a few months ago: the Cavii and the neighboring Taulantii had merged as evidenced by certain surname links. The Talants even use Capone colors and format. Taylards (compares with Eatons) even use the Chives quarters in colors reversed. The article then says that "The tail is also sometimes borne separately from the animal, and when so, is generally erased at the lower extremity." That means that Tail liners were merged with Eras'/Rasmussens, and the latter themselves use a bend rising in the sinister direction.

Another point at the heraldry page above: "It will have been observed that in the old rolls of arms the lion is very frequently represented with the tail forked (od la couwe fourchee), or, as is sometimes, but erroneously, blazoned double queued." Not just the "QUEUEd term, but the "COUWE term, looks like code for Qewe (while incorporating the Cowes surname), as though Tail-Rasmussen liners using the forked tail always trace to Qewe. It then says that Pinchbecks use: "Argent, three lion's tails double queued erect sable--PINCHBECK" That's lion tails in the colors used by the Cork lions tails, and Cork is at MUSkerry. But at houseofnames, Pinchbecks (same place as Lucy Taillebois) use a besant! For me, that the Bassus line that merged with the Maccabee line at Qewe. (The problem at houseofnames is that they use nearly all forked-tail lions in Crests, but only a few in Coats, for which reason I've had to disregard their fork-tailed lions as being meaningful...unless virtually everyone using a lion traces to Qewe (possible).

I would trace Pinch's with Pinks/Pinch's and Panico's to Pincum, at the mouth of the Pek river, where Becks (pelican! Pek colors) can trace too. As I traced Pek-area lines (from Cuppae) to the Skits and Scheds both using the potent cross, see this from the Peckham surname: "Ermine, a chief potent quarterly or and gules--PECKHAM." It's not a potent cross being referred to, yet the potent term is still used no doubt for a Potent-like surname (like the Patents or Putents). The page seems to reveal that "potent" was at first a crutch used in connection with Pilgrims (said to use stave's, a term for a staff but code for Stave's/Stevensons). It looks like the Crutch's/Crouch's (version of the Crux/Crycks Coat) are using a version of the Tailer Coat so that they must be a Cork branch (Corks use lion tails in Tailer-lion colors).

It appears that the Potent surname traces indeed to Cuppae, as per the following: "But ["potent"] also gives its name to one of the heraldic furs...See [sic] writers call it Vairy cuppy, Vairy tassy, and Meirre, and there is every reason to believe that it is nothing but an accidental variety of Vair, q.v., with fanciful names given to it." The writer pretends to be oblivious to such codes being for surnames, and lets the reader think it's all due to "fanciful" tantrums. Vairy CUPPY, in this picture, must be code for Cuppae elements, and it thus traces those elements to Vere's, at least of the Vair kind.

I wish I had this information when tracing Cuppae and Skits / Scheds to the Setta valley, a tributary of the Reno, at which time it was pointed out that Pinks/Pinch's use the Reno lozenges. I have just found that the "Meirre" term above gets the Reno Coat exactly! I would suggest that Meirre's are the Mire's/Mireux's of Anjou, the ones in code in Melusine's mirror. Pinks even share the fitchee design of potent-liner Crutch's/Crouch's.

As the statement above would be suggesting that anyone using vair fur is a potent liner, what about the Haskels with a Shield filled with it? I traced ESCHYNa de Molle to "Haskel," tentatively anyway, and then Eschyna married Mr. Croc(e). Moreover, Cochs use the Pink / Mierre / Reno lozenges, and then Cocks share a Shield filled with lozengy with Patents.

Clicking over to the potent-cross page, something of great interest was found: "A singular variety of the cross potent is called sometimes the Cross of S.Chad, because it occurs in the insignia of the episcopal see of LICHFIELD AND COVENTRY, of which S.Chad was the first Bishop." There are two ways to interpret this: either that St Chad adopted the potent cross that was already at Lichfield and Coventry when he arrived, or the see had adopted after St, Chad became famous, but also after the Chad family started to use the cross, which may have been as long as centuries later. Either way, it looks like the Chad surname was from him, and that means I may have been wrong to identify Chads with Chaddwicks, Chaddocks and Saddocks/Sadwicks -- all named after a disguised "Sadducee," as the claim has been -- when in reality they may have merely been St.-Chad liners.

But, not so fast. Perhaps St. Chad was himself from a Sadducee line that had used disguised Sadducee-like terms for itself. Sadducees were even traced to lakes LICHnidus and LYCHnis. St. Chad was involved with Lichfield as early as 669. Lichfield was a Mercian entity about the time of Itte of Metz (died as late as 668), who was somewhat suspect with Mercians. As the flag of Mercia is that of Messeys/Messier's, by what coincidence do COOPers/Coppers use it in colors reversed while being first found in the same place (Sussex) as Saddocks??? Coopers/Coppers/COWpers even share gold leopard faces in Chief with the Lichfield-surname Chief! Keep in mind that heraldic Chiefs are suspect as a disguised "Caiaphas." Lichfields are in Saddock colors.

Cofferts/Coverts were first found in the same place as Coopers/Coppers, and they too use the gold leopard face. Coverts are in Cove colors (Chad / Chaddock colors too), suggesting possible linkage to Coventry liners. The Covert leopard face is in the Crest, as is the gold leopard of Levi-beloved Aide's (!), and then the Cove and Aide chevrons are in the same (white-on-red) colors!! It's as though the Cuppae topic immediately above this Chad topic relates perfectly with it, as expected where the proto-potent-cross had traced to Cuppae and Tailor liners. I had not yet arrived to the Chad topic at that trace.

Note the perchevron (solid chevron) in the Joseph Coat, for French Chappes, Kaip(f)s and Lichfields use it too; the latter uses it in white, as do Chappes'. Just like the Joseph Crest, the Cavii- / Cowes-like Coventry Crest (Warwickshire) has a gold garb. Reflect on the gold Crests between those two surnames and the Covert / Aide Crests. Covens are listed with Gone's/Gowans (suspect as Khazar lines of the Melissena kind), who will be part of the next section. Covens/Gowans share the gold fleur-e-lys with the Aide crest.

The only major fact that Bede gives about Chad's early life is that he was a student of AIDan [caps mine] the Celtic monastery at Lindisfarne. In fact, Bede attributes the general pattern of Chad's ministry to the example of Aidan and his own brother, Cedd, who was also a student of St. Aidan.

Aidan was a disciple of Columba [city-of-doves liner?] and was invited by the King Oswald of Northumbria to come from Iona to establish a monastery...

Next, look at the motto of the city of Lichfield, what one could expect if Lichfields knew they were from Caiaphas: "'Salve, magna parens' (Hail great parent)". The Arms of Lichfield share the red chevron with five-themed Quints, and the Arms even uses a rare design: FIVE red chevrons!

Lichfield is in Staffordshire, and then Staffs are the ones under code in the "stave" code, and we just read (it was my first time) that the potent cross was originally a stave = crutch! What an amazing coincidence that these two topics have come back-to-back here, which is why they were placed in their own section. Coventrys use a bar with symbols in the colors of the same of Crutch's and Crux'.

Staffs/Staffords use the red chevron in both colors of the Quint chevron! I've known and repeated this, but I'm still shouting because it's helping greatly to trace St. Chad to what looks like a mainline Sadducee line. Lichfield is about 15 miles from Stafford, we get it. I had traced Staffs to the Stubbs (first found in Staffordshire) and Stubbings whom themselves traced to the Stirlings sharing a Moor head with French Chappes'...because Scottish Chappes' were first found in Stirlingshire! How do such coincidences happen? Saddocks use "crossed ears of rye" in Crest while Berwicks use "Two ears of wheat crossed." What's with the "crossed"? Aide's were first found in Berwick and use leopard faces in the colors of the Berwick bears. Scottish Chappes' use "ears of wheat" too.

[I didn't find, until the next update, that the "CEDant" motto term of Stubbs is likely code for CEDD, St. Chad's brother.]

"Ears" is suspect with Eyers/Ayers and Ayers, using QUATRefoils now tracing to Quadratilla and Laevillus, i.e. whom are expected at Qewe, where terms like "Coventry" may trace. The Coventry Coat even uses three BLUE "columbine," that being a columbia = dove term, important because Cuppae was called, "City of Doves"! Zowie, how remarkable this is. Cuppae became suspect with Caiaphas only as per as per a BLUE Cappeo-lion clue that was given to tribwatch readers years ago.

The "jessant" Crest of Aide's is used by Morlands in the same color, and then Saddocks are said to be from a Westmorland location, which is where Cope's and Copps derive (i.e. at Copeland), and then "Cupp" is listed with Cope's/Colps, and their Colp location (Aberdeenshire) is expected from "Colapis" because it was also the Kupa river. From here we repeat the statement above: "But ["potent"] also gives its name to one of the heraldic furs...See [sic] writers call it Vairy cuppy, Vairy tassy, and Meirre..., and suggest Tassels because they look like a branch of Thistle's/Thissels in code with the Paisley and Gone/Gowan thistles. There is a Belgian Tass/Tassel surname (Alan Shield?), but as there is a Belgian Gone/Kohn surname looking like a Jewish-cohen priesthood, shouldn't we ponder the long tassels used by the killers of Christ?

Not far above, just after the paragraph suggesting that Rusticus was from the blue-eagle Roosevelts, it was said: "Tassels, first found in Bedfordshire, use the blue eagle too." The Cupps/Cope's (Tassel colors) use roses, and were first found beside the Rose clan of the Inverness theater. The Covens/Gone's/Gowans were first found in Inverness-shire.

The Meirre's had been suggested with Mire's/Mireux's, and as they are the line of Melusine's mirror, while her son was a quasi-mythical character, let's add that the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mile's is that also of Covens/Gone's.

We have a big story here, with St. Chad now tracing to Sadducees. As Lichfields are also LITCHfields, one can ask why the Arms of LETCHworth use white roses on a purple Chief while Paisleys, who trace to purple-Shielded Pace's/Paice's, use white roses on blue as well as sharing the thistle with Gone's/Gowans. Belgian Gone's/Kohns use a bend in colors reversed from the Cove bend, and both use bendlets too. That's what can make the gold fleur of Gone's/Gowans suspect with the same in the Aide Crest. Recall the Lechs/Letch(mere)s earlier in this update.

It was very recent when, for the first time, I felt comfortable identifying three red chevrons with the three black ones of Levi's, and there in the Letchworth Arms are three red chevrons. Scottish Lichs/Lise's look like they use the red Larin/Clarin / Clare chevrons, and their Lise variation can trace to the Drilon river that runs out of lake LYCHnidus. No guff. And the Lich/Lise chevrons are in the colors of the Quint / Staff chevron while Quintus Caepio traces to Cupionich, near Lissus and the Drilon. English Lichs (same place as Deacons and Clare's) are listed with Lodge's/Loge's that can trace with the lodged stags of Dawsons and Haslips to Has upon the Drilon. It was home to the Cavii! We have Chad's number.

Coventrys (Mott / Darth crescents?), in Stand/Stant and Hob (tiger) colors, use the motto, "Candide et ConSTANTer." The motto is translated, "Fairly and firmly." Much later below, you will see why Fairs and Ferme's/Fairholm's trace to the Fiora river, a new and important element in my work that traces the Cavii to that river. The Arthurs and Hobs will trace to the Fiora without doubt. But are these not the Fairy liners from Melusine's Khazars? The greatest evidence for the trace of certain lines to the Fiora river is the falcon that crops up time and again, which is not only the Hop symbol, but that of the blue Tassel Crest! The Hawks use "pilgrim's stave's."

Repeat: "Coventrys use a bar with symbols in the colors of the same of Crutch's and Crux'. See also the Craigs for a trace to Carricks, for the Tassel fesse-with-crescents is identical to that of Craigs (same place as Cope's). We now know that Carricks (AYRshire) trace to the crutch > potent line, begging the question of whether it goes back to Caracalla. The Bituriges will trace to the Fiora, and they had a Bituriges-Vivisci branch, while Craigs use the motto, "Vive et Vivas." The other sub-group were the Bituriges-Cubi, what a cuppincidence. Does the vair-cuppy apply here?

The Tassel falcon has a pine branch in it's MOUTH, important because Mauds, kin of MonMOUTHs, will trace to the mouth of the Fiora with the MOTTs! That section was written before this section was inserted here on Monday morning, the day that this update is due. In, fact, it's 9 am, time for the spell check; I'm out of time for this week. (My spell check can take over two hours due to all the semi-capitalized terms that I use; they all come up as misspelled words. It's a nasty job.)

Khazars at the Brenner Pass

I've just learned a few more things, one being that Crispins/Crepons were from Fulk II of Anjou. Realistically, Melusine of Anjou is expected to form the Fulk there, and they had Inger-like Ingelger as a father. The Crepons were apparently married to Chalons-sur-Marne, where Munderic held estates. This can explain the vast wealth of Walter Giffard of Longueville. I'll assume that Longueville was a Landen line, and so let me remind you that Munderic's family was connectable (it's foggy in my mind, I'll admit) to the Arnold-Metz line, from near Chalons-sur-Marne, that married Begga, daughter of Pepin of Landen. "Walter (Gaultier of the Norman Chronicles) Compte de Longueville, assumed, for what reason has not been ascertained, the surname of Gyffarde." It means that Walter was the first Giffard, safe to say. But that surname is now suspect with terms such as "Yvery / Ivery or Iver/Ives/Ivo Taillebois, and Ivers/Eure's must be from Eure.

The mother of Walter Giffard was Avelina de Crepon (born 974), and her mother was from rulers of Chalon. The first point is that the Vere's located Melusine on Avelina-like Avalon. Avelina's father was Herbastus of Crepon, son of Fulk II. I assume that the Crispin/Crepon surname, first found in Lorraine, derived from this man. The Crepons, who sound like "Agrippa," are said to originate in Pharisee-like Paresse/Parez of Lorraine. The English branch was first found in Oxfordshire, half-expected where we are on the Melusine-of-Anjou line. The English branch may even be using a version of the Leavell bars; if so, it supports an Yvery = Giffard equation. Scottish Leavells were first found in the same place as Weirs/Vere's while we saw that Iverys and Were's use the same bend. English Leavells share ragully with the Mile Coat, and the latter can be construed as using a Shield-on-Shield in colors reversed from the same as this Rangabe-colored Rangel Coat (same fleur as the Plows/Ploughs honored in the Fairy Crest).

It makes one wonder whether "ragully" and "Rangel" are identical entities. The Raggs happen to use fleur in the colors of the Rangel fleur!!! Raggs have got to be Rangabe's! I'll bet that Raggs are using the gold Chalon bend. Ragully is used also by Amore's of Oxfordshire, and, basically, it seems that all ragully is indication of Rangabe lines.

The mother of Fulk II, and wife of Fulk I (first count of Anjou), was a Loches/DeLOGES surname (same place as Chalons), perfect, for they are likely a branch of Lodge's/Loge's (said to be from Loges of Normandy) honored in the "lodged" stags of Hazel-related Haslips and Hazel-related Dawsons! It is now understood that Fulk I married a Khazar line from Melissena Rangabe! Lodge's/Loge's were first found in the same place as Blois', for a trace to the Chatillon = Chalon kin of the Blois counts. Dawsons were first found in the same place as the Kendal barony. In case you don't know, Haslips/Islips are honored in the "hazel SLIPs" of the Hazel Coat.

Here's from the day that the local robin was frittering on my window (1st of April, 2012) in a most unusual way, never to do it again. I remembered it as more than one day, but, re-reading it now, it was only for the one morning, but coming back again and again several times. I was trying to figure out whether there was a Message in it:

...But the robin is still at the glass, I don't know why. I've left it alone (since mentioning it to you) to discourage it, but it still plays with the glass [it had been a long time since it had started, not just five or ten minutes, more like hours].

Seconds after writing that, I saw the mirror in the hand of Melusine in the Glass Crest. I noted that the robin was on the window ledge, looking at itself, I assume, and therefore playing with it's own reflection. I recalled that I traced Melusine's mirror to the Mireux surname, first found in Anjou, exactly where Nichols de Vere (witchcraft lover) traced Melusine. And then, upon viewing the Mireux Coat, I no longer heard the robin at the glass.

I waited a little longer, and again, silence. I got up to see, and there the robin had flown into the open door, into the house. It was at the patio door glass, but it flew away instead of allowing me to pick it up. It flew into another window and fell to the floor, hurt but not injured. It let me get it on a finger, but flew off seconds later, until I got it in my hands, and gave it a few friendly strokes to let it know I wasn't going to eat it. I brought it to the open door, and with a gleeful chirp of freedom it flew off to a nearby tree. And I yelled in celebration for it's freedom. We are really going to be good friends now, something I may regret. Before I had known that it was in the house, I had already ended this section and gone on to write the sub-title below, suggesting that if God sent the robin to us, it was for the last thing I wrote when it stopped frittering away, which happened to be the last thing in this section: the Mire/Mireux surname, which uses holly that was traced to the holly of Hitler-related surnames, especially the holly found in the initial investigation of William Hitler Stuart-Houston, who lived beside Islip [Long Island].

I recall the Mire's using holly, but it has since changed to a myrtle tree. The Haslips/Islips, you see, use a "holly tree." The Pollock-related Maxwells use a "holly bush PROPER." The Mire Coat as it now shows does not indicate to anyone that it's a holly tree. I do sometimes guess at what a symbol is rather then check it up at the descriptions website, but in this case all I see is a tree. There is no reason for me to guess that it's a holly tree, meaning that when claiming the Mire's to be using holly, it must have been due to checking the description.

In that 2012 update, it was said: "The Propers/Robins use the same lion design as Mackies/MacKEYs, suspected MaccaBEEs." That was said due to the key in the Proper/Robin Crest. But the lion design has since changed. Why would they do that unless it was more important than merely liking the present design more than the last? The present design is the Maschi lion design, in the same gold color. The Mackie lion has not since changed design. I had traced Hitler's mother (a Polzl) to Maschi's, but did not at the time know that Propers/Robins were Pollock liners. Adolf Hitler's father married both a Polzl and a Glassl. Was Hitler from the Rangabe's? Was the Hitler surname from "ITTE of Metz? Hmm.

Probins/Propers/Robins use "An ostrich with a key in its beak," but it looked so much like a pipe that I was wrong on that for a while. The ostrich-using Beaks/Beke's (Flemings) are using the bars of Trebizond Empire, apparently, so that the Probin / Beak ostrich is likely of the five Traby ostrich feathers, but as Caens use the five in the same way, let's repeat that Ivo Taillebois was born, they say, near Caen. The Astikas-suspect Stocks/Stoke's, with a lion in the colors of the Tail/Tailer/Taillefer lions, are said to be from "near Caen," and they use a "qui" motto term that can connect to the Probin key, but this makes "Caen" itself suspect with mythical Kay/Cai and thus traceable with Keys/Kays to Qewe. The Caen area is at the downtown Bessin, and then the Bessins, who use bees that the Talls/Thals once showed, use a bar-with-symbols in the colors of the Tail/Taylor bar-with-symbols, and moreover Bessins trace to the QUADRatus Bassus family at the Qewe area.

German Stocks use "beetles" so that they may be expected at Bedford's Beetle's/Bedwells (flames), and Bedfords, in Tail/Tailer colors, use a motto, "AniMUM FORTuna seQUATUR." Just trust the codes, and trace Beetle's and Bedfords to Quadratilla and Laevillus. The motto term can be read secondly as ANIMUm, for Nimo's/Newmarsh's are kin of Newmarsh's using nothing but a string of lozenges in the red-and-gold colors of the Beetle lozengy!

The Bedford Crest has a lion holding a "sphere," possibly for Speers. In fact, Speers use a motto apparently for Vance's/Vaux's (East Lothian, same as Newmarsh-related Marshalls!), a branch of English Vaux's looking linkable to Beetle's/Bedwells. See Irish Flemings too.

To be sure that the Beaks (same place as Poole) apply, which brings Probins/Robins into it, the three horizontal bars of Beaks are in colors reversed in the Polish-suspect Haught/HOUGHTON/Hoctor/HECTOR Coat (Bullock bull head?), and then the Hectors were made the mythical father of Kay/Cai. Plus, the Beetle's/Bedwells are said to be from a Bidwell location near HOUGHTON village.

Hectors were first found in the same place (Angus) as Breckons, and Newmarsh's were first found in Breckonshire (Wales)/ Breckons use three piles (Morency colors) in the colors of the Bucket/Buchard piles, and it's the latter holly that links to the Melissena Khazars. As piles are sometimes called, pennants, which are banners, you will see soon why Breckons should trace to Bressanone with other Khazar liners. As water bougets, symbol of Buckets/Buchards, were traced to Bouchard II, founder of Montmorency, the fact that Morencys use the Irish Burgh cross seemingly discovered that Breckons are from the surname of John de Burgo (but what named Burgo's?), founder of Conteville's that had a Commins Coch location in Breckonshire. That works, don't fix it. It looks like Bressanone and Breckon were one stock.

Another surname of Breckonshire are the RAGully-using Clements/Clermonts' (kin of French Clairs), now identifiable as Ragg = Rangabe liners.

There is only one Stoke location in my atlas, on the Trent river, which may, perhaps, trace Beetle's/Bedwells to "Botzen" (Bolzano) at the Trento theater. Stocks/Stoke's, suspect with the two-tailed MontFORT lion, were already traced to a gonfanon symbol (owned by Montforts) that I had found in the Arms of some place (I've forgotten where) in the Brenner-Pass = Bolzano area. The "Insons" motto term of Stocks/Stoke's was thought to be for Innsbruck, for there is a Brenner highway through the Alps between Bolzano and Innsbruck. Along that road, I have just seen a FORTEZZA location while the Stock/Stoke motto includes "Fortis" (!), suggesting that many "fortis" motto terms of others may trace to this area. It's to the near-north of Bressanone. The Beetle/Bedwell Crest has a castle in flames while the Innis' have a castle in Crest too, and Keith-related Marshalls (Innis colors) are said to have been at an INSkeith location.

Luckily, in hoping to find the lost gonfanon, the Fortezza article was loaded to find that Bressanone is also called, Brixen", making it suspect with Ranulph de BRIQUESsart of the Bessin! The Brix surname (German-Brennan colors) seems to apply as a certainty. "Franzensfeste [= Fortezza] is 19 kilometres (12 mi) south of Sterzing and 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Brixen in the Eisacktal where the valley is only a few hundred meters wide..." Brenners are in Brick Colors, and Bricks likewise use a string of lozenges, in Brenner colors. The Eisack river of this area looks like "Isaac," and per-chance the Jewish Khazars had some Isaac names. If you're keeping track of heraldic purple, Issac's (Devon) use a flory cross on-part-purple Shield.

There is reason to see this picture as a Hun > Khazar one because Innis' appear to be using the Moray stars, while Khazars are traceable to Moray, and then the Italian Fortuna's are suspect with Melusine in "Lady Fortune" of the Klassens/Class' (Brenner-lion colors). Lady Fortune waves a "banner," and the gonfanon is said to be a banner! I didn't know while writing here (not until checking the Eisack article a few paragraphs below) that there is a Klausen location on the Eisack river. It's now suspect with both Glasgow...and the Clausula river, where Joseph Caiaphas derives. The Arms of Klausen is only a giant key (dates to at least 1448) in the colors of the giant Fortuna talbot!!

English Banners use virtually the same lion as German Brenners. The two surnames are similar.

Not far below this section, the Huners/Hunns, first found in Basel, will come up in a link to Fortuna's, and so let's repeat the "fortuna" motto term of Bedfords. The motto is translated with a "courage" term that is the Comyns motto in full, and then Cours share the besant with Klassens/Class'. This besant is expected from Akmonia's Bassus family, and "Akmonia" is now where the Comyns/Commons / Kamons/Hamonds are now tracing, even if they also trace to "Comana" near Qewe. German Brenners (Basel) are suspect in using the Arms of Brixia/Brescia lion in colors reversed.

Klausen is just miles northeast of Bolzano, and so let's repeat that the Arms of Bolzano, a gold star on a red fesse, is in the colors of the stars-of-bend of Vance's/VAUX's, and then the Botzen variation of the city was traced to the Bauts/BAUX's. The Probin/Robin fesse-with-lion has been suspect with the Bolzano fesse-with-star.

The GONfanon was suspect with the Gone surname that show "Kohn" and "Cowan," either one linkable to the Khazar-suspect Cohens. Jewish Khazars, using stars in Moray-star colors, come up as "Kagan" (name of a Khazar priest-king), but there are Moray-colored stars also in the Armor Coat while the German Stocks, although they show nothing in their Crest, are said to use "An armored man holding a raised sword". Gone's/Gowans use an "arma" motto term.

Amazingly, the Gone's/Gowans (share gold boar heads with Speers likely honored in the Bedford "sphere") are using the green-on-white cinquefoils of the Loches'/DeLOGES" that came up as per the Khazar-suspect Mrs. Loches, mother of Fulk I! As these Gone's share the thistle with Paisleys, Gone's do trace well to Speers, first found in the same place as Paisley, and so let's add that the Speer motto, "AdVANCE," traces well to Vance's/Vaux's ("pair of balance's" in Crest) using a bend-with-stars in colors reversed from the same of Khazar-suspect Dawsons (anything Hazel is Khazar / Kizlyar suspect as of this update). Dawsons are the ones with the lodged stag so as to be kin to Lodge's/Loge's from LOGES! The Gone's/Gowans even use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Miles' (!), making them suspect with Milo-de-Vere. One can't get more Melissena-Khazar than that.

The Balance's are likely code for Balance's sharing the white-on-black spread eagle with Adge's/Edge's (half the Piast / Falton eagle?), suspect from the Adige river through Bolzano. As Balance's were first found in Warwickshire, they can trace to Warsaw's Melusine, and of course to the Piast eagle. The Piasts married Richeza of Lorraine, where we found the Crepons to a marriage with Fulk II, son of Mrs. Loches. The Balance / Adge eagle is in the colors of the giant Banner and BaumGARTner fleur, and while the latter trace well to lake Garda, downstream off (near) the Adige from Bolzano, Banners look like they might be Bohemians, which is what an aspect of Montforts is suspect as.

It just so happens that a pair of wings in the colors of the Falton eagle is used by Jewish Glass' while Scottish Glass' use Melusine. This Jewish page, as with almost all Jewish pages, shows no write-up as though the Jewish community requested / demanded it. There is an hourGLASS shape between the Glass wings. There is a good chance that Jewish Glass' trace to the Clausula river...near Butua, the place suspect at Buteshire, where Scottish Glass' were first found. The blue-on-white fesse upon the Glass wings could be the fesse of Lords/Lauds, the latter being a surname honored in the Glasgow motto. There is a very good chance that Glass' are from Cupionich.

The Glass' are traced to "glais = gray," and the Glass Shield can be construed as a colors-revered version of the Gray Shield, but this doesn't dissuade me from tracing Glass' to the Clausula. For one thing, the Glass fleur, in colors reversed, is the Lys/Lisse fleur traceable to Lissus near the mouth of the Clausula (at southern lake Scodra). Lys'/Lisse's even use the grayhound in order to trace Grays to Lissus elements. Secondly, it is likely that Glass' merged with the Gray line so as to produce a "Grais" variation in their honor. The Grays are suspect with the Gris/Gisel / Grimaldi bloodline that already traced to Has / Krume, to the near-south of the Clausula. The anchor theme of Grays links to Anchors that use a version of the Lady/Laudyman Coat, that being a surname that links both to Lords/Lauds and Lady Fortune, right? Paisleys use the anchor too, and they were in Glasgow.

Belgian Gone's/Kohns (sharing a red bend with Vance's/Vaux's) are said to be from the Liege area, where Munderic's family -- two brothers of MUMmolin -- had political connections, and so let's repeat the "AniMUM" motto term of Bedfords because it traced to Nimo's > Marshalls of East Lothian, where Vance's/Vaux's were first found. The Speer link to the Bedford sphere is practically clinched. But as Pollocks were first found in the same place as Paisleys and Speers, note how their Polk variation is like "Fulk." You can expect the Khazar side of Fulks to trace to Melusine in Warsaw, right? However, Mieszko I of Masovia was born around 925, AFTER Fulk I. It may mean that Fulks trace to the Mouse Tower of Mieszko's ancestry, for example to SiemoMYSL.

Others using the Moray-suspect stars are Gisels and Provence's, and that spells Mummolin's brother, Bodegisel of Provence. The Provence Coat even looks like a version of the Armor Coat, both sharing the same chevron as Paisleys. These chevrons are colors reversed from the Brenner chevron. The latter had traced with the Speer spears to the Pasi/PASCEL surname while the Arms of Brixen/Bressanone (25-30 miles south of Brenner Pass) use the Templar lamb found in the Pascel Coat. That lamb (in Montfort colors) holds a banner now clinched with the gonfanon. The Brixen lamb is in the colors of the giant Scottish-Banner banner. I would suggest that the Catholic halo behind the Templar lamb is secretly a besant for the El-Gabal sun god, whom I trace to the namers of Goplo, location of the Mouse Tower.

German Pohls are using the same bull head (but call it a buffalo) as Mieske's, and the Pohl write-up speaks to a Mr. Polan of LIEGnitz. That looks Pepin-of-Landen possible. The earliest ruler of Goplo, a mythical Popiel, traces well now to Pepoli's, first found in the same place, Bologna, as Pasi's/Pascels. Bologna is even suspect with the namers of BOLzano (may have been different than the namers of Botzen). The Pepoli's will pop up below in a remarkable trace to what looks like the Marcomanni (Bohemia), suspect exactly at the Boii of Bologna. This feels perfect, for Mieszko's family had merged with Bohemians.

Recall that letters on Coats of Arms are thus-far all trackable to Pepin liners out of the Landen / Liege area, for the Popoli's use a giant 'P'. One of those Coats was that of the Langs, from Langhe, smack at a Monforte location where we can trace a branch of Montforts. Monforte is not very far from the mouth of the Bautica, where I trace Bolzano elements, and Chivasso, the namers of key-using Sheaves/Chiava's, is very near the mouth of the Bautica. Langhe and Monforte are at Montferrat, and then the German Cohen Coat is identical to the Fer/Ferrat Coat so that one gleans a Melissena-Rangabe branch at Montferrat (or at least in Montferrat liners elsewhere). There are two-tailed Melusines, as with the Montfort / Arms-of-Bohemia lion.

There is a great way to trace Paisleys to Klausen in order to prove that Glasgow applies. Lady Fortune must be code for the Lady/LAUDyman surname, and then Glasgow's (same chevron as Brenners) use a "Lord" motto term for Lords listed with Lauds (Glasgow colors). This is not a new idea, but until now I had no idea that Klassens trace to Klausen, nor did I know until recently that Paisleys could trace to the Klausen area aside from using any Klausen clues. Near the start of this section, I was a little skeptical as to whether proof for these traces to Bolzano would pan out. That sentence reminds me of the "frying PAN" of German Pole's/Pohls, suspect with Mrs. Polzl, mother of Hitler. Like Paisleys, Heidlers (suspect with Hiedlers/Hitlers) use an anchor, and I know for a fact that Hitlers trace closely to the Glass bloodline.

Pans are listed with Payens, and the Pole/Pohl man holding the frying pan has an ostrich feather on his head, a symbol in the Crest of the other German Pohls, first found in Silesia (Polish-Moravia border), as with Brixens/Bricks/Brixels and Banners. One can start to predicted that the Probin/Robin ostrich, with key in its beak, will trace to Klausen's key. In this picture, where Pepin of Landen has a branch at Popiel, one may ask whether Beaks/Beke's are from his daughter, Begga.

Paisleys use the anchor while Ladys/Laudymans use what looks like a version of the Anchor/Annacker Coat. The annulets of the red Lady/Laudyman Chief suggest linkage with Letts, who must be using organ pipes partly in honor of Pepins. Glasgows (Pilate pheons?) use a "let" motto term. The sleeve design in the Lord/Laud Crest is one used by Crocs, whom were married by Eschyna de Molle, important here because her family married Pollocks. So many traces between Renfrew and the Brenner-Pass theater have already taken shape that it's at this point undeniable.

There's more, this time with the Stewarts of Glasgow, who use the Brock motto, and who married royal Bruce's (actually they were Roberts too, for potential tracing to Probins/Robins). The Bressanone/Brixen location is very suspect with the Bruce's, and it's been called by others, Porsenu/Persenon, smacking of the Prusa/Brocuff surname (Lord/Laud colors) using a sphinx that I trace to Spinks of NorthAMPTONshire, and then Amptons use cinquefoils (likely code for Quincys) in the colors of the Lord/Laud cinquefoils. While that in itself doesn't clinch the trace, it does become clinched when we find that Ladys/Laudymans were likewise first found in Northamptonshire. Lady's (compare with Ampton chevron) are in code in the Klassen/Class surname that traces virtually to Brixen's doorstep.

However, I trace Brocks to the Brocken mountain, wherefore the Prusa variation of Brocks may indicate that the namers of the Brocken were related to the namers of Brixen.

The Arms of Annandale as used by Scottish Bruce's is a copy of the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Letts, though in colors reversed. Just like that, one can glean a trace of Bruce's through Lett-related Ladys to Brixen's doorstep. But Lady Fortune is waving a banner that gets one to the lamb-with-banner in the Arms of Brixen. The Brixen lamb is in the colors of the giant rose of Swedish Persons, checked for the Persenon variation of Brixen. The Berwickshire Persons (share sun with Hiedlers/Hitlers) are listed with what looks like a branch of Pierce's/Purse's/Peers, and because Percivals share bears with Berwicks, it looks like the Grail-King Percival liners may be from Brixen! That could trace the Swan Knight (should include Loches / Loges liners) to the swan of Italian Alba's, from Alba smack of the Monforte area.

The Aide's, first found in Berwickshire, as with the grail-liner Arthurs, was found traceable to the Adige river through Bolzano. The river through the Brenner Pass is a tributary of the Adige, with a mouth at Bolzano. The Adge's/Edge's/Eggs share a horizontally-split Shield with the BERwickshire PERsons, and the Austrian Eggs/Eggeners (share hurts with Irish Arthurs) share a diagonally-split Shield with Persons and Hiedlers/Hitlers, while the latter two share the sun!!! Zowie. Compare with the Arms of Zurich. Pennants use a diagonally-split Shield too.

As the Edgar name used by Wessex Saxons can trace to the Adige, let's bring out the white roses of Sachs (angel), for it can connect to the giant rose of Swedish Persons just because "Sach" can trace to the EiSACH river through Brixen = Persenon! And as the Brixen Arms is the one with the lamb traceable to the Pasi/PACE/Pascel surname, let's mention what I wasn't quite prepared to as yet: the gold-on-purple flory cross of Isaacs is in the colors of the gold besants on purple of the English Pace's! Zowie. Paisleys use white roses too. This Wroclaw's, don't fix it. Sachs were first found in Poland's BRESlau.

And let's not forget the purple banner of Font de Ville's, whom I traced to Piscinas, beside Sulcis (Gard-like Sardinia), while "Sulcis" was traced to the naming of Silesia, where German Banners were first found. Zowie-Dowie (double-zowie). The Pesci fish is suspect in the Verona Coat, and then Verona is a location about 15 miles from Garda (at lake Garda)!

Dutch Nobels use another giant rose, in both colors of the Person rose, and then the other Noble's have blue lions in the position of the blue Brixia/Brescia lion (Brescia is at the bottom of the channel through the Alps from Bolzano).

Immediately after writing the above, "Porson" was entered to check for links to Persenon, bringing back to mind that I needed to load the Bors because some Arthurian writers have said mythical Bors was the closest thing to the holy grail, suggesting that Bors liner and Percivals / Persons/Piersons should trace to the same thing. The Bors use "cooking pots," and so see the purple quarters in the Cook Coat! There is even another ostrich in the Cook Crest, with a horseshoe in the Coat. The Polish Sobeks, with a purple Shield, are coming to mind.

Possibly, before the Bors merged with Cooks, their pots may have been cauldrons as per Caldaro at Bolzano. The Bors pots are in the colors of the Calder antlers while the Bors horseshoe is in the colors of the Calder stag head. The horseshoe can be part code for Shoe's/Schoo's (more ostrich feathers) suspect at Schio, just 30 miles from either Garda or Verona. Schio had been suspect with Skeochs/Skits in the Brock motto and in the Brocuff cross.

Although Paws don't use paws, Porsons/Pawsons do. It would seem that heraldic paws are owned to some degree by Porsons/Pawsons. They use the illegal colors scheme (silver and gold) set aside for Templar Jerusalemites, and show two gold chevrons suspect with the same of Chaplins and Josephs. This is very interesting because the holy grail is expected to be of Caiaphas himself. There is another sun in the Porson/Pawson Crest. The Bedford lion paws had figured with the same of Quints. The Powys' share the bear paw with Bellino's, first found in Verona, and thus the Porsons/Pawsons are thus traced to Powys, location of Breckon(shire). The two Paw surnames may be using peaCOCKs as code for the Cook bloodline, but that would be a better case if Peacocks were themselves named after Cook liners. Why do Peacocks come up as "Peas"? Were they once Paws? Looks like.

Now watch how we get right back to Potters suspect in the cooking pots of Bors'. We start with the CULLIS/Coleson surname suspect with Kyle liners, and using what could be the Lord fesse and the Aude sword so as to trace to Pollocks at Glasgow. It's important because Peacocks are a Pollock sept for some reason. The Cullis/Colesons use "PEAScods," which is why I ever entered "Peas" at all some years ago. The Cullis' are in code on the portcullis gate of the English Porter/PAWter surname (Potter colors), first found in the same place as Potters, Botters, Chaplins and Josephs. It looks like Porters were Potters.

The "Audacter" motto term of Pollocks can be more-certainly viewed as part-code for Aude's where the latter share the Shot/Shute swords, for the Pollock description didn't need to use "shot": "A boar shot through with an arrow." Shots/Shute's use a "Fortune" motto term, and show swords in Fortuna colors. The gauntlet glove in the Shot/Shute Crest is useful for tracing the gonFANon to Fano and it's Fane/Veynes line.

It may not be true that Milo Portarius worked as a porter at castle Winchester, as the Porter/Pawter write-up states. It may be fabricated code for Milo-de-Vere liners. Or, a Milo Portarius really did work at the castle, but his main job was not as a porter, though that claim is exagerrated to make it appear that his occupation was the origin of the Porter surname. Or, he may have been the porter of the castle while the Porter surname had nothing to do with him. I'm convinced that Porters were a line of Botters from the Butteri, plain and simple. Try an evolution like Butteri > Bauter > Bawter > Pawter >>> Porter. Scottish Porters/Pawters, first found in Kyle, and using the same Coat as English Porters/Pawters supposedly from Milo Portarius, are said to be from ANOTHER (???) porter; now it's Radulphus, of the Paisley area. But ignoring all that talk, concentrate on the Kyle and Peas-like PAISley locations, for this is how Porters/PAWter can related to the Pollock sept of Peas/Peacocks.

Both Porters and Potters are listed in the septs of MacNaughtens, the clan badge of which suggests a merger with English Thors. German Thors were first found in Tyrol, important because the Brenner-Pass theater is in South Tyrol. Other MacNaughten septs include Fulk-related Brooms.

To help prove that Peacocks were of the purple Cooks, the Comerfords/Comforts, using another Blue-Indian peacock, show purple bows on their hunting horns.

The PAYson variation of Porsons/Pawsons can suggest the Pay/Pays variations of Paisley-related Paci's/Pace's/Pascels, linkable to purple Pace's. Pollock liners can thereby trace to Brixen/Bressanone/Persenon, but let's add Fulke's/Folks that share the spear with Pasi's/Pascels, and moreover share a giant, white fleur-de-lys on a vertically-split Shield with Banners/Bayners. Butteri cowboys were also north of Rome at Maremma, which included Velch (Fiora river, hmm), a good place to trace Fulks and related Flecks (both first found in Norfolk), a branch of Fletchers/Flegers honored in the write-up of Flowers using a giant, white cinquefoil in the colors of the Potter cinquefoil, such "coincidences."

I see plenty of "videri" motto terms -- used by Sheriffs, for example, in the colors of the Viterbo flag -- that could be code for Viterbo, not far off the Fiora river. The Arms of Viterbo has a banner, hmm. The Arms shares a gold lion with the Sheriff Crest. Suddenly, the fleur-de-lys, shared by Sheriffs, looks to trace (as a flower, anyway) to the Fiora river (it does not flow through Florence). This is actually excellent, for the trace to the Butteri cowboys went to the naming of the Bautica (my theory), said to be the continuation of a Lys river! Put Fiora together with "Lys," and it gets the fleur-de-lys.

The Sheriffs are the ones with the fesse in Hazel / Dussel(dorf) fesse colors.

The Fiora/Floris surname was first found in Bologna, and then I trace the flory-cross Bouillons both to the Bautica and to Bologna. The Fiora/Floris surname shares two red roses with Sheriffs, and has a crown in Sheriff / Viterbo colors. The Fiora/Floris Coat is in the colors of the Florent Coat (Lorraine, where the early-Fulk kin lived). From this information, Florentinus, husband of Artemia, may trace to the Fiora river. Amazingly, the Cullis/Coleson Chief likewise uses red roses, in both colors of the Florent roses, and shares a white-on-blue sword with Florents. It was the Cullis surname that started a section that led to the Fiora river in the first place!

There could be a blood link between the namers of the Fiora and the namers of Florence because French Porters (Cullis kin, to be assumed) use nothing but a blue-on-gold bend, and Bruno's, first found in Florence, use nothing but a gold-on-blue bend. Same-colored Browns use fleur-de-lys. French Porters were first found in Berry, and then Crepons, the ones who married Fulk II, uses barry (bars) in the red-and-white colors of the Barry barry. One's got to assume that Crispons/Crepons were Porters of Berry because the other Crepons (pomegranates) use a bend in Botter-bend colors. It's perfect, for Fulks were traced (years ago) to Velch!

Italian Barone's (Hector Shield?), first found in Florence, use bends in the colors of the Barry barry. Scottish Barrys were first found in the same place as Hectors! Irish Barrys were of Cork/Desmond while Irish Barone's use the same saltire as Desmonds/Gerolds. Irish Barrys use three sets of thin, double fesse bars, a symbol used in black by Monmouths and Mauds, and while the latter are said to be from an unidentified Monte Alto in Italy (though I do not agree with deriving the surname as a corruption of "Monte Alto), there is a MONTALTO di Castro location smack at the mouth of the Fiora river!

There is a Montalto surname, first found in Naples, and using red vertical bars in both colors of the Barry, Barone and Crepon bars.

It appears that there was a triangle between the Fiora river, Berry and the Brixen/Bressanone theater. The Castro's were looked up in case they might link to Montalto di Castro, and they happen to use a flag with castle, as do McLeods/LOUDS, perhaps a branch of Lauds/Laudymans. Repeat: "Wikipedia's suggestion that Liege is derived in LEOD-like terms that mean "people" is not convincing, but the use of "people" does look like more code." The Popoli's were first found in the same place as Montalto's, and so it appears that the creators of the idea echoed at Wikipedia were using a double code, one for McLeod liners at Montalto.

The Flag surname happens to be listed with Flecks! Therefore, Castro's and MacLeods are tracing to the Fiora. Irish Barone's are using: 1) a motto term like that of Pollocks; 2) a "Fortuna" motto term linking to Klausen and Brixen; 3) annulets in the colors of the same of Klassen-related Ladys/Laudymans. The blue boar in the Barone Crest can easily link to the Pollock boar. (The Barone motto can also link to the Duff motto.)

[The day after writing here, while searching for VITERbo-like surnames, The BITURiges of Berry came to mind!!! Wikipedia traces "Bituriges to "kings of the world" haha. Berry is now Bourges and was anciently Avaricum, which may have the effect of tracing the Burgo bloodline to Butteri of Viterbo if "Bourges" is old enough and a corruption from "Bituriges." The flag of Bourges is just a vertically split in the green and red of the vertically-split Fulke/Folk Shield, which for me clinches the Bituriges with the namers of Viterbo. For the record, the Arms of Bourges show white-on-blue lambs, no banners. "...the Bituriges-Cubi lived near Bourges/Berry, the Bituriges-Vivisci near Burdigala (Bordeaux)." Burdigala is where Ruricius' mother was traced by ancient others, thus providing new implications for the Ruricius > Rusticus bloodline.]

Castro's (Genoa) look linkable to Gisels/Gris' and Monaco's, and while these became suspect with Herods, the Herod surname is found in the list of McLeod septs. No guff. See the Crim-and-Crum-using septs too. The Crimmons/Rimmons share the gold-on-blue lion with Gisels, Monaco's and Castro's...not to mention Maschi's of Rimini.

The Fiora area might link to Florence, also called Firenze, by the Ferento location near Viterbo: "Viterbo has two heraldic badges in its coat of arms (stemma in Italian), the Lion and the Palm Tree. The lion represents Hercules, one of the mythological founders of Viterbo. The palm tree was added sometime in the early Middle Ages (4th-9th century AD) when Viterbo conquered and absorbed the neighboring town of Ferento. The letters FAUL often surround the badges. It is unclear what they refer to..." English Palmers are using double-black fesse bars in the colors of the same of Flecks, suspect from Velch near the mouth of the Fiora. The Washingtons use the same bars in red, the colors of the double, thin fesse bars of Wassa's, and then the Wassa bars are in use in the Barrys that led us to Montalto di Castro at the mouth of the Fiora.

The seated grayhound in the Palmer Crest will be found below in the Huner/Hunn Coat that links to the Fortuna Coat. That was written yesterday as I write this here. Huners were looked as per Huneric, king of Vandals that married a potential Roman line to Pollocks.

The Cullis peasCODs can be reckoned for Codds/Code's too, who share ravens with Peters, though Peters call theirs a Cornish chough, working out because Codds were first found in Cornwall. It begs the question of whether some Peters were born from Butteri variations.

The "rien" motto term of Peters might just trace to the Rienz tributary of the Eisack river. The Puster valley along the Rienz might be origin to the Puster surname listed with Pistols, and honored in the pistols of Hopkins. Both latter surnames are suspect with Quints / Capone's. Hopkins are said to be a pet name of "Robert," but that might be Pollock code. They show red roses, and a castle on fire, looking identical to the Beetle castle on fire.

Now here is something. But before telling it, let's repeat that while Hopkins are in Capone colors and first found in the same place, Pistols/Pusters are sharing a chevron in Quint-chevron colors. That was necessary to say because Reins'/Raines' were first found in the same place as Quints. I was wondering for over a minute on whether I should proceed to point Reins' out as Rienz-river liners to the naming of Renfrew, for that's where I have traced Raines' and purple-lion Wrens. I wasn't ready to point that out on similarity of "Rienz" with "Reins" alone. But then I went back to the Rienz article to load the one on Toblach, a location in the Puster valley. It soon struck me that this could be of the Table/Tapley surname while recalling that Rounds have a Coat similar to that of Reins', but upon loading the Rounds, it was learned that they too were first found in Essex! Zikers, it looks like Rounds are a Reins/Raines branch, and that king Arthur's round table traces with Caepio and Pollock elements to the Rienz river.

The Round chevron-with-annulets is even in the three colors of the Wren chevron-with-wrens, and the Wren Crest ("broken spear") has the Peter-style lion head once again. They are reflective of the Palmer and Fleck fesses. The Table fesse with "fesse-lets" (not the official term) is in the colors of the Gone bend with bendlets.

But what floored me was the "Esse quam VIDERI" motto of Rounds, nearly the Sheriff motto, and including the videri term for Viterbo. The "quam" term was recently as code for the cam river of Cambridge, where Capone's and Hopkins were first found. As the palm tree in the Arms of Viterbo traced well to English Palmers, let's add that Italian Palmers were first found in the same place (Naples) as Capone's/Capua's...and the Montalto's that were expected at the mouth of the Fiora along with Flecks, Fulks and Polks/Pollocks. The Italian Palmer fesse is in the colors of the Dart fesse, while Pollocks use a dart in their boar.

It was the day after writing the above that I finally got round to checking the Fiora surname, first found in Pistol-like Pistoai. It uses a giant fleur-de-lys in the colors used for it by France, and in the colors of the Viterbo flag. Pistoai is about 20 miles from Florence and 25 from Lucca, the latter where Botters were first found. I'm not sure what kind of animals are in the Arms of Pistoia; they have the look of mice / rodents, but without tails.

The gonFANon trace's well to the Fane's/Veyne's/Vains where Belgian Gone's share the red fesse of Vance's/VANs/Vaux's. For a good laugh, we go to the Pole/Pohl write-up, where the surname is traced to "bohl = friend," code for the Friends/Freyns/Frends sharing the Wayne chevron. The Pole's/Pohls are the ones using a Friend-like FRYING pan. I suppose they couldn't do any wiser, and they really wanted to honor Payens with something while also honoring the Friends, and so, in this case, the Payens will need to be happy with a frying-pan symbol. It must have been a frigging pain when the chief of the Payen Clan heard about this.

I'll bet a couple of yoke's easy over that Friends/Frends are from Ferento, beside Viterbo. To help prove that Palmers are in the Viterbo palm tree, English Ferents are using the two Palmer fesses in colors reversed, and decorated with fleur-de-lys, expected as per the Fiora river at Ferento. Fulks use a giant fleur-de-lys half in the colors of the Lys/Lisse fleur. One branch of the Lys line, from Lissus at the Mathis river, apparently went in a Ferento > Friend direction. The line was expected at the Lys river of Aosta with Butteri liners. But why did some of it end up as Botters/Bodens / Potters in the same place as Josephs and Chaplins, and also with chapeau-using Bidens/Buttons? How early did the Caiaphas line go through the Fiora river?

The ermined fesse of Potters (sea horse) is likely matched in the Coat of Italian Palmers, but as the latter are linkable to Arthur-suspect Darts, it's notable that Darths/Deaths are in the colors of the Potter Cinquefoils while the Darth/Death Crest shares the trefoil with English Palmers using fesses in colors reversed from the Potter fesse. Why should Arthur lines figure into the Fiora area with Potters? As the Darth/Death crescents were clinched with the Mott crescent while Motts can trace to the Mauds now practically clinched at Montalto di Castro i.e. the mouth of the Fiora. The Mauds are using double-fesse bars in the colors of the same of Palmers and Flecks, and so the Mott - Maud link has just been clinched along with a Maud trace to the Fiora.

The Ferent Crest has (a crane between) the two wings used in the same way for German Fulks. Perfect, for Ferents were even first found in the same place as Fulke's/Folks ("Qui" motto term). Moreover, Irish Ferents/Ferons, with horseshoes and a Coat like that of Arthurs, use a brown FALCon head, while Irish Arthurs use a brown "falcon volant jessed and belled" . The Falcon surname, sharing white crescents with Darths/Deaths, can now trace to Velch along with king Arthur, and one may ask whether the "belled" term links to the same as the Porter bells.

The Bell surname, easily gleaned as a Bellamy branch, has a bell-using branch that is traced in its write-up to an area between Carlisle and Annandale. Actually, the Bells are said to be from Gilsland, which I'm assuming to be at / near Carlisle...on the Eden river. The Bell bells happen to be black, the colors of the Eden scallops, while Edens are using a version of the Arthur / Tarent Coat, apparently, but even more like the Deed/Dade Coat. Clicking to German Edens (Silesia), we find griffins in the colors of the Darth/Death griffins, and a "Libertas" motto. The Carlisle's happen to use a flory cross traceable to the Fiora.

This foggy trace of Fiora elements to Annandale and Dumfries reflects my years-old (long before this discussion) trace of Closeburn elements to the Butteri, and bell-using Porters are suspect as a Butteri branch. It just so happens that the Eden garbs (Lady / Lett colors) are in the colors of the giant garb in the Treviso Coat (Devon) while Fortuna's were first found in Treviso (Tuscany). In other words, the Lady-Fortuna line out of KLAUSEN looks traceable to CLOSEburn and the Close/Clovse surname. It's then interesting that Bells at Annandale were about smack at Kilbucho, where Lett-like Little's (Kilpatrick saltire) are traced in their write-up.

Of further interest is that Kilpatricks at Closeburn use cushions, while the Cush Coat (fountains) is an obvious version of the Cash/CAST Coat for a potential trace to these two surnames to Montalto di CASTro. I wouldn't call that a hard trace.

The German Fulk Crest doesn't say whether its an eagle or falcon wing. Perhaps the code there is for the Moor-head-using Wings/Winks, first found in Perthshire beside the Chapps'/Chaips. The Wing Coat's billets can now be traces to St. Etienne and the Etienne billets because there is now known to be a Perdrix location at Mont Pilat to which Perthshire's namers trace. I had traced mythical Perdix to Berry, the French location treated above as per the Porters of that place, because his symbol was fish teeth, or the jaw of a fish, which is the symbol, I gather, of German Barrys.

The second place where Ferents were first found was Cambridge, where Chapmans and Capone's were first found. It's all good for tracing Cavii liners to the Fiora river. And to help prove that Fane's/Veynes' > Wayne's were there as Friend kin, Velch had a goddess, Turan, like the Tarun/Taran location at Lake Van. The Fiora is at the Latin-Tuscany border where mythical Lydians traced, such as the Dascylus > Gugu line, and also Tarchon.

Tarun was also Mus, and I still stand by my discovery that the fleur-de-lys was originally a fish from the Bar area (near the Cavii) and into the Arms of Bar-le-Duc at the Mus-suspect Moselle river. It originated from the namers of Kotor, the Cutter line that traces exactly to Josephs. Bar-le-Duc is in the area where Crepons were first found, suspect with the Barry bars, but the Barrys also use the fish heads. The Bar fish went though the same-colored fish of the Verona's/Vairs (Barone's / Barrys?), who were first found in the same place as French Chappes'. Pesci's may have been from Pescia, about a dozen miles from Lucca, and about a dozen miles in the other direction from Pistoia, where the Fiora's were first found using a giant fleur-de-lys...that was once a fish, right? The Baars/Bars of Brunswick had a branch using the Bar-le-Duc fish (curved) in the colors of the Fiora fleur.

The Taran/Tarent Coat uses red eagles, the colors of the Ferent wings, and a chevron in colors reversed from the Friend / Wayne chevron. English Botters are showing "a red eagle standing on a silver perch," and then Stands/Stants and Pendle-related BARleys (QUATRefoil) use two black-on-white fesse bars, the Palmer / Fleck symbol. As Stands are honored in the Arthur motto (OBstantia) along with Hobs, one might now view HOPkins as a branch of Hobs, and indeed the Hobs share the BROWN-colored falcon with Ferents/Ferons.

Tracing Arthur liners to the Fiora is as logical as tracing Arthurs to Ardea at the Butteri theater south of Rome. But Ardea liners can go to the proto-Arduinici, and finally to Arduinici at Oneglia, where I see Nagle's forming who use the colors of the Viterbo flag.

These elements popping up are Bruno and Barone-suspect lines to Arthurs at Berwickshire, and so let's add that I see Brunswick as related to, or even descended from, the namers of BERwick, and then the Berwick Crest shares "ears of wheat" with Scottish Chappes'. What's that? What's going on? The Berwick bears trace to the Mackay bears not only suspect from Berenicianus Maccabee, but Mackays are linkable to Mathie's from the Mathis river, where the Fiora area is itself suspect thanks to the fleur-de-lys becoming a flower. Berone's (with an 'e') use an "Arme" motto term while Armors were first found in Berwickshire. Armors can be suspect with Ermine's from Armenia (location of Lake Van).

German Hops/Hope's/Hoods are likely sharing the Scottish Ferme/Fairholme and Fair anchor so as to identify Fairs as Ferent liners, expected where Vere's were at Anjou with Fulks. In fact, Irish Fairs use another brown falcon! This is the falcon design used by Stephens (suspect with the Chappes perchevron) while French Fairs/Vairs/Feuers/FEIRZ's (Firenze?) are using the Stephenson bend known to be shared by Levi-beloved Aide's (Berwickshire, same as Hobs) and Valentins. The latter came out of a city later called VINKovci, expected with the Wing/Wink surname.

Stephens had traced well to St. Etienne, where the Firminy location is situated that can trace to all three anchors above, as well as to the anchor in the Firmin Coat. There is potential for the Fiora picture herein to pre-date Caiaphas along with a Fiora line to Mont Pilat. The Firmins are said to be from a GERE location while English Gere's (more double-fesse bars) use the same pair of red wings in Crest as does the Ferent/Feron Crest, tending to clinch a Ferento trace to the namers of Firminy...a whack of Vere liners (they never go away). Scottish Gere's are listed with Ivers/Eure's using the Vere Shield.

As the Cavii are expected at the Fiora, ditto for the Taulantii, wherefore let me quote this from a heraldry page shared from earlier min this update: "The end of the [lion] tail is called the brush or tuft." Tufts use a red eagle (spread wings) in Crest; in being first found where Hugh D'AVRANCHes ruled, Tufts are being identified with a version of the BRANCH Coat, which I view as a red version of the Hamon(-de-Massey) Coat. As Hugh was le-Meschin's uncle, recall that lion tails always trace to Le-Meschin's wife. Put that together with the Hercules lion in the Arms of Viterbo, for I claimed that all heraldic lions trace to the Hercules lion. You will find online that the Hercules / Sandon lion traces to Cilicia (!) and Lydia (there was a Cilicia location in Lydia or Mysia, I forget which). The Hercules lion is expected to be the Kybele lion.

The Tuft crosslets are used in the same colors by Were's, and then the Conte's, part of the bloodline that I say birthed Hugh's mother, were first found in Durham, location of the Were river.

Dutch Fleurs (same checks as Fers/Ferrats) are suspect with the Pollock bugles so that the Fair bend can also be the Jewish-Pollock bend. French Fleurs use vair fur. Some Ferent variations, by the way, look linkable to Warrens. Compare Fleurs with Huntingdons, first found in the same place as Quints, and then Huntingdon is located in the same area as Capone's and Chapmans.

[A day after writing the above, the Whiters (black bull) were loaded checking for VITERbo-like surnames, and there was a surname first found in Huntingdonshire, which is where Chapells were first found too who are said to have been a family merger with Taylards. This is already a good turn, but it would be better if Whiters/Wittiers ("Esto" motto term) could be clinched as Viterbo liners. It shouldn't be assumed that the surname is from "White," though some White's could suddenly be Viterbo liners. The Withere variation suggested Weathers/Withers...first found in the same place as Chaplins/Kaplans and Josephs! Weathers/Withers are traced to "Vidarr = wide messenger," likely garbage and possible code for Wide's / Widemans / etc.

Withers often remind me of a childhood friend with Witherspoon surname, and this time it's useful where Spoons use a swan, are in Gog colors, and share the white-on-blue boar with Googe's/Gooch's and Gochs/Goughs/Goffs (not to mention the Molle's). Dutch Gochs are using double fesse bars again. These boars, in colors reversed, became the blue Vere boar.]

[From the 3rd update of next month: Withers (Cowes / Guiscard colors) were first found in the same place (Hampshire) as the Isle of WIGHT. It is not likely coincidental that the Newports are using the colors and format of Withers, suggesting now that Viterbo elements named Wight, the location of Newport...In the 3rd update of February, the Mauds were traced to the mouth of the Fiora, and here we find the Newports using a "MODum" motto term. I think we have something here.]

This is probably my first-ever focus on the Fiora river, and everything Masonic-pertinent seems to be tracing to it. I've just spotted a lake Bolsena (at a Bolsena location) as the source of a Fiora tributary. This alone can explain why Pollocks linked to both Fiora and the Bolzano area. Berone's use HEDGEhogs as possible code for Adige-river liners such as Adge's/Edge's. There is a Hedge/Hegge surname using swans in both Coat and Crest, and they are in Gog colors, begging the question of whether Berone's are using hedgeGogs, so to speak (Gogarene was at lake Sevan, named after Lake Van). Hoggs/Hogue's (more boars) use a "vires" motto term likely for the Vire river, and were first found in Durham, location of the Were river. It's evidence that Berone's are Verona / Verone liners.

The Grasse is Grayer on the Uther Side

Let's go back to Ricardo Greda of the Spurrs, for something has come up by checking the English Ricard's/Rickers/Richards ("amore" motto term) and French Richards. The first thing noted was that Ricards/Rickers share a blue chevron with Valerys as probably the first time that a Valerius suspect can be linked directly to a Gratus suspect. Then the French Richards were loaded to find what looks like a version of the Grive's/Gris'/Gisels/LeGris', both first found in Brittany. The problem is, I don't tend to view the latter as Gratus liners; the problem persists when assuming that the Legro/Gros/Graus/Graut surname (GREYhound suspect with the Gris line) might connect to the LeGris variation while it looks also like a Gratus possibility.

The good news (or does it spell more trouble?) is that the Legro/Gros/Graut surname shares the blue lion with Ricards/Rickers. What can be learned from this? Was Ricardo Greda a Graut liner from Valerius Gratus? The Greats/Greets are in Ricard/Rickers colors, yet show an Agrippa-like GREEP variation. The engrailed Great/Greep saltire looks linkable to the engrailed cross of Hardys said to be at the root of heart-using Douglas', and Monaco's use features of the Richard / Grive/Gris Coats. It stands to reason here that the Oliver / Douglas HEART is code for a Herod line.

The Lanark heart has got to be the Douglas heart, and we saw Leavell / Olybrius suspects, such as Giffords, looking like Biggars/Giverns of Lanarkshire. It's a completely new realization here that "Givern" is from the Yvery location of Leavells, but let's not lose sight of Giffords/Were's and Iverys using the same bend in Lannoy / Lyon colors. At this time, I'm concentrating on the expectation of Melissena Khazars living between Begga-suspect Kilbucho and Glasgow with Biggar between them. This is an important discovery.

We can actually be led to the DRINKING stork of Leto's/Alitto's with the following, and so let's recall that the Leto/Alitto Coat looks like the Ali/Aliotta Coat while both are suspect with Eliotts (Liddesdale) at the Kilbucho theater of Little's. Earlier, the double-blue waves of Irish Eliotts reminded me of the waves in the Arms of Caetani, of the Caetani that ruled Gaeta (western Italy, near Fondi, home of Lurco), where DRENGots ruled, but I wasn't going to mention this...until now.

It starts with the Biggar write-up tracing to "bygg = barley," and to "GEIRI = TRIANGular plot of GROUND." "Triangular" can be code for Angel / Nagle liners too, but in this case it can be for DRENGots, a branch of pathetic Sinclair vikings killing in Italy for to have throne's where they didn't belong. They were no better than their possible relatives, the two Guiscard brothers of Sicily who are shown in an image with a pulley at their feet as code for pelican-line Pulleys/Pullens, suspect with the Lurco > Pulcher line out of Fondi. "Ground" looks like code for the Grounds/Crayne's/Crone's sharing an elephant with Eliotts.

Again, the Biggar location was perhaps 35 miles from Kilbucho, and the latter is only about 35 miles east of Kirkcudbrightshire, where GEIR's (Quince mascles?) were first found that are thus suspect in the "geiri = triangular plot of ground." There is a Caste Douglas location at Kirkcudbrightshire. Geirs, suspect with Guerin of Province (location of French Larins) as he had associations with Monaco and Grimaldi's, are said to descend from king CRIoch, a Gris / Grimaldi suspect. The Crest of the Cuthberts (Kirkcudbrightshire) is, like the Maine Crest, a hand holding a dart, suggesting that the six Geir mascles are a colors-reversed version of the six lozenges of Irish Hands/ the colors of the Crone lozengy. Cuthberts are the ones sharing a red fesse and a "fortiter" motto term with CUTlass-using Eliotts, but, furthermore, the Cuthbert fesse is in both colors of the Clyde fesse while Biggar, Lanark, Hamilton and Glasgow are on the Clyde river.

The Geirs are using the Romare mascles (seven of them, in the colors of the seven Quince lozenges), apparently, and as Romers were first found in Lincolnshire, they must be from the rulers of Roumare, the Tankerville's. German Romers (Hesse sun?) share pine cones ("stem down") with Maschi's and Tankerville-suspect Tanners.

The above has made a good case already for discovering that the writers of the Biggar write-up were lying on behalf of using code, but I'd like to move on to their "bygg = barley" code that leads to Drengots at Fondi. Let's mention that Kirkcudbrightshire is near Kilpatrick castle at Closeburn, and that the Close Coat (Spurr colors) uses a spur while Spurrs share the Pulley/Pullen bend. The Spurr bend had been identified years ago (not now for convenience in making the point) with the Botter bend, and the Botters were identified years ago with the Bigger/Givern bend, as well as with the Butteri cowboys in the Pontine marshes, though they may have spread a little further south to Fondi / Gaeta.

From here we turn to the Barley Coat, and expect Barleys to be Bar liners from lake Scodra. The Barleys are using a QUATRefoil, which reminds me of the Drengot trace to Quarters/Wherters, but, in any case, quatrefoils are suspect from Quadratilla and her husband, Laevillus. It's not likely coincidental that Barley, of Pendle, are sharing two black-on-white bendlets (compare "Pendle" with "bendlet") with the Stands/Stants (married HESLington Hall) suspect in the "ObSTANTia" motto of Arthurs. The same term was discovered as code for tiger-using Hobs, and so lets mention that the Side's/Sudys and Sutys (wavy bars, Seaton branch) were traced to Gaeta / Caetani, for they use a white tiger too. The tiger is suspect with the Tigranes line...that merged with the Artemidoros line where I think the Lurco > Pulcher line had injected itself. So far on my scratch paper, Joseph Caiaphas is a son of Artemidoros. As soon as the Tigranes line merged with the Artemidoros line, Quadratilla was born.

The Barley fesses are wavy. A trace of Barleys to lake Scodra is supported where Pendle's trace to Penestae. The Pendle's are in Pendragon colors and said to date back to a Pendley location (HERTfordshire) of the 4th century. Hertfords/Hartfords are not likely using an Arthur-like Coat by coincidence. The 4th century is early and therefore conducive to the mythical concept of Pendragons birthing king Arthur. It's also before the time of Rusticus and Pepin of Landen, and even before the first Merovingian. This picture traces to emperor Constantine (4th century) for more than one reason, the first being the Hertford/HARford write-up's trace to a count Alan of Eudo FitzHERbert, for Herberts use a "Constantia" motto term, which has a "statia" buried within, as does the "obSTANTIA" of Arthurs. This is all new to me, a very good key for discovering Arthur roots at Pendley, for Herberts share the upright white lion with Pendle's. It tends to prove that Hertford was a fundamental Arthur line.

Pendley is said to be near TRING, and there is a Tring/Dreng/Drink surname suspect with Drengots. It shares a blue-on-white pale bar with Roxburghs (Pepin horse head?), as well as what should be a version of the Dreux lion. In fact, it should be the Dayton lion because Daytons/D'Autons became suspect with the ARTEM/AITON surname, first found in the same place (Berwickshire) as AIDE's, Arthurs, and Hobs. The Artem/Aiton roses may be suspect with a Rusticus line to Rosicrucians, for there are four roses, one at each corner of their red cross, which was the symbol of the early Rosicrucians, except that they used four roses around a saltire cross. See it as the family Arms of this early Rosicrucian, Johannes VALENTINus Andraea.

Compare the Deacon and Decan crosses to that of Artems/Aitons, and trace to Decani, near Cupionich and Tropoje. Deacons are the ones with two "Que" terms buried as well as an Uther- / Utrecht-like term in their "utrumque utroque" phrase. As Deacons share a "paratus" motto term with Yonge's, the red Yonge lion should be closely linked to the red Deacon lion.

It looks like the namers of Pendley should trace through Johannes Valentinus to Valentinian I, for even the Aide bend had traced to the Valentin bend. But as Valentinian traced back to Constantine I (4th century), let's repeat that English Constantine's (Berkshire) use fleur-de-lys in the colors of the same of Pepins, and they are black fleur, as with the Pendragon fleur. Pendragons are the ones sharing the open helmet with Mynetts for a trace to Artemidoros' father.

When reading "EUDO Fitzherbert," Eudoxia came to mind. There are two of concern, one being Eudoxia, daughter of Inger and Melissena, important because the Ruricius > Rusticus line is lately suspect in forming Varangian Rus, the proto-Rosicrucians. But, earlier, before Inger, there was another Eudokia of concern, as per the last update: "The Rome's/Rooms [same place as red-fesse Cuthberts] use the [red] Probin / Lieber fesse too, as well as a "placid" motto term that seems to be for Placidia: "Placidia was the second daughter of Valentinian III and Licinia Eudoxia, younger sister of Eudocia, who became the wife of Huneric, son of Gaiseric, king of the Vandals...In 454 or 455, Placidia married Anicius Olybrius, a member of the Anicii family." If correct that the Pollock motto term, AUDACter," is code for EUDOXia, then the Vandal line from the older Eudoxia should be a candidate for naming the Veneti at Brittany."

The Hertford stag head (same design and color) is in the Honor Crest, and both have a jagged area at the neck, which is code for "erased."We should always ask why any erased animal should trace to the Eras/Rasmussen/ASSMANN surname suspect at AKMONia, home of Artemidoros' family. The Assmans/Ashmans share a red bend with Ackmans. The Honors/Honons, looked up as per "Huneric," though they may not apply to one another, use stags in the Coat with all three features of the Fortune (and Eustace) stag. Huneric, concurrent with Attila, is suspect as a Hun liner, and the Honor stag would tend to suggest a trace to him, though there was also an emperor Honorius that can apply. Huners are listed with Hunns/Hundts sharing an upright dog (grayhound), in the same colors, with the talbot of Italian Fortuna's (Prestwick colors), and then Klassens use a "Lady Fortune" that I see as Melusine in the Glass Crest...meaning that Huneric could have been of the Hun line to Melissena's royal-Khazar ancestry.

The Huner/Hunn write-up happens to trace to a Mr. Huno of Basel, while Hugo's, first found in Basel, use Melusine holding a black anchor. It could be the black Aves/Avison anchor because Honors/Honons are traced to the Tipperary theater, home of Kennedys that use an "Avice" motto term, which term you will find in the Aves write-up. In this way, Honors/Honons and Huners/Hunns are linking. The "la fin" motto phrase of Kennedys traces to Lafins/LaFonts suspect from Fondi. Recalling from earlier that the Melissena Khazars traced to Dusseldorf, here is a red lion, holding an anchor, in the Arms of Dusseldorf. Nicholas de Vere said that his Vere line to Melusine went back to the Anunnaki = Anaki, and he may have known that in part due to a known Vere trace to Anchors/Annackers.

There had been a question on whether their had been a Till entity that named Quadratilla, and whether it traced to the naming of Attila. It remains a consideration. English Fortune's were first found in East Lothian and Roxburghshire, which can compliment a trace to Rusticus.

Between the Harford and Harbert variations, I suppose that Herberts are now suspect as Arthurs of the Hertford kind. The Harbard/HARDboard/Arbor lions are in both color schemes of the identical Herbert lions, and as the former put a sleeping lion in Crest, it links to the same of Rounds suspect with Arthur's round table symbol, haha (Table's share hurts with Irish Arthurs). There was no round table; it was the codework of the juvenile delinquents writing Arthurian myths, and they all winked at one another, understanding what the others were doing. Hardboards/Arbors were first found in the same place as Deacons with fours lions (Rosicrucian-cross style) in colors reversed.

The Deacon / Decan axes, both held by a hand, could be the same of the Wicker Crest, and then Wiggers/Wigleys, who may or may not apply, show a white tiger; "A silver tiger's head issuing out of flames and gorged with a red collar embattled". The MacDonald-related Vickers use flames too: "Silver with a black galley [ship], with flames on the masthead..." MacDonalds should be using the ship as per their viking past, and I tend to see Vick / Wick terms as viking terms. I have no idea what the common embattled symbol relates to if not for griffin-using Battle's/Battels. They became suspect in the Ivry-la-Bataille location (same place as Dreux) of the Were-branch Iverys (Oxfordshire), and so let's mention that Weeks/Wyke's/Wichs were first found in the same place (Somerset) as the Leavells of Yvery. As there is a red lion holding a sword in the Ivery Crest, and as Melusine of Warsaw holds a sword, I'd connect the Yvery lion to the one in the Arms of Dusseldorf, for Melissena Rangabe likely traces to the Biggar/GIVERn Khazars who appear to be reflected in the Ivery Coat (I didn't consciously know this when suggesting earlier that Giverns look like Ivery / Yvery elements, even though I had seen the Ivery link to the Biggar Coat some days/weeks ago). Plus, the Rangel fleur-de-lys is white-on-blue, said to be owned (originally?) by the Plows/Ploughs who are in the plough of the Faerie/Fairy Crest. That works nicely to a truth. The Rangel Shield-on-Shield is in Dussel / Weir/Wier colors. The Iverys are in Miles colors.

The Winklers, who might apply to variations of Wiggers/Wigleys, are in Ivery / Were colors, and so let me say that Wiggers were looked up in the first place due to a term in the write-up of Wiers/Weyers, first found in the same place as Dusseldorf. I kid you not, I didn't know until now -- after writing all the above -- that Rangels/Wrangels/Wrangens were first found in Westphalia (location of Dusseldorf)! Zowie. They share a gold fleur-de-lys with the Ivery lion.

The griffin of Battle's speaks to me of the Herod-Agrippa trace to vikings, though I have not clinched a griffin identification with Agrippa's. Griffins were definitely rife in the Pomerania theater of the Varni, and Varns share the Gripp/Grubner bend colors. Grasse is very near to Antibes, where Agrippa liners have become suspect, who are also suspect in the Grive variation of Gris'. It could very well be that Gratus liners were close to Herod liners, for Valerius Gratus was in charge of Judea when Herods were kings over it. The GREAT/Greep Coat looks like it could be a blue saltire either on white or gold, in which case it can be the Jefferson saltire in colors reversed, important because both surnames were first found in Herefordshire.

Jeffersons use griffins, and one is BLUE, like the blue Jefferson leopard face, and the blue lion of CREIGHTons/Crichtons. I am sure that the Crichton lion is the Bute lion due to Crichton involvement on Bute. But the Bute lion was that of Rory MacDonald (see it in the Rory surname), and so one has reason here to examine whether Rory was named after a Rurik-Varangian line, which could ultimately lead back to Ruricius. The MacDonald ship may be indication that the family had linked to Varangians. We saw above the so-called galley of MacDonald-related Vickers, and so let's talk about the black-and-white checks of the English Galleys, looking like the checks of Marks so that I'm entertaining a trace back to the Marcomanni...who left Bohemia to settle Galicia about 400 AD, about the very time of Ruricius' birth. The Boii had been in Bologna, where the Pepoli's were first found who use a Shield filled with the Galley checks, and then the Pepin horse head is in the Galley Crest. That's not a bad trace thus far.

Italian Angels use bendy in black-and-white, the colors of the bendy on the Galley horse head, and then Italian Angels were first found in TREVISo, land of the proto-Vandal Veneti, and not very far east of Bologna. The English Galley Coat (Hound/Houn colors) shows the seated, white grayhound in the Huner/Hunn/Hundt Crest, and then Huneric, a Vandal from the same general areas of Europe as where the Boii had bounced around, was concurrent with Ruricius. Huners are the Fortuna-suspects so as to trace to Melissena-related Khazars. TRAVIS' (another white tiger) are in Galley / Pepoli colors, and use a motto term that, like a MacDonald motto term, is code for Mere's and DeMere's. There is even a Treviso surname from Crichton-like Crochadon of Cornwall.

The Quadi, and if I recall correctly from the last update, their Marcomanni allies too, had reached the land of the Veneti at Aquileia for a war against the Romans. Aquileia is very near Treviso. I don't at the moment know how the three Cornwall-surname stars might relate to the three Deed/Dade garbs in the same colors, but the latter's garb is used largely in the Treviso Coat. This could indicate what was suspected in the last update, that Quadi had been from the lake Tatta area. Deeds/Dade's are honored in the Fleming motto, and the flames that we saw at the mast of the Vickers galley could apply of course to Flemings. Why do Cornwalls use a "beg" motto term?

It strikes me here that since Macclesfield elements of the Davenport kind had traced to the Crest of Hanna's of Wigton while the blue Macclesfield lion goes to the Gallery/Galloway lion, the Cornwall fesse with three ravens is the same-colored cross of Mea's/Meighs with three ravens, for the latter surname uses the Macclesfield cross.

Here's from the last update after quoting Wikipedia's trace of a Marcomanni leader to "raven":

After Marobodus [Marcomanni king] retreated to Bohemia, "Catualda, a young Marcomannic nobleman living in exile among the Gutones," defeated and ousted him. As Maroboduus then went to what looks like house-arrest in Ravenna, the Wikipedia writer above may have gotten his brainstorm from that, figuring that he was named after a raven.

..."Catualda" smacks of something that the Catys surname, or the Cilician Cati, could trace to. I've mentioned over the past couple of years that Cattolica, south of Ravenna a small ways, was not named originally after Catholicism, but was altered to that term by Catholics. I trace the fret-using Cattle's to Cattolica, but now compare with "Catualda." The fret is used also by Duttons who share a version of the Tatton Shield so that Cattle's may trace to Cati liners at lake Tatta.

Suddenly, there seems to be a clear trace of Marcomanni to Cornwall's Treviso surname, and even to the Cornwall/Cornell surname. But as it seems to apply also to Pepin-suspect Galleys from Pepoli's of Bologne, let's re-mention that Rasmussens share the Pepin bend-with-fleur while using a uniCORN. As the Rasmussen-related Assmans/Ashmans are using the Massey fleur, Rasmussens trace well to Maschi's at the Ravenna theater.

At one time, one of the theories on Fleming origins was the periodic practice of Trypillians burning their homes down ritualistically. Here we find Flemings tracing as Deed/Dade liners to Treviso, a term that could be from "Trypillia" (south side of Kiev).

With Marcomanni of the Catualda and/or MarBODus kind tracing from Ravenna / Cattolica to Cornwalls, where also the MacDonald topic traced because it seemed to be the same topic altogether, let's not forget that MacDonalds share the Ferte eagle, of Ferte-Mace, a settlement of the Maschi's at Rimini. The Mere's that MacDonalds honor were first found in Cheshire, home of Maschi liners. BODEgisel of Provence, a descendent of Ruricius, can be tentatively suspect with MarBODus, and he was traced to Bute, exactly the area where MacDonalds held sway. But Cornwall has a Bude location in the colors of Bute's/Butts.

French Galleys were first found in Dauphine, which may have overlapped with Provence. This presence of BodeGISEL in Provence may have founded the Gisel/Gris bloodline to Grimaldi's proper of Monaco. English Galleys were first found in the same place as blue-lion Bruce's, and then Gallerys/Galloways, from the area of WIGton, use the Bruce lion. Galloway/Wigton were possibly within the standard realm of MacDonalds (I'm not sharp with MacDonald history).


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

On this page, you will find evidence enough that NASA did not put men on the moon.
Starting at this paragraph, there is a single piece of evidence
-- the almost-invisible dot that no one on the outside was supposed to find --
that is enough in itself to prove the hoax.
End-times false signs and wonders may have to do with staged productions like the lunar landing.

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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