Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
January 11 - 18, 2016

Getting Fessy on Da-Vinci-Code Ligures
Now-Known Carrick Ancestry Expanding by Footes and Bounds

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. One of my goals at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes. Ever since I decided to use apostrophes only after surnames ending in vowels, I started to catch myself using apostrophes before the 's' of pluralized words, making it appear that I need to return to primary grammar school.

If ever you'd want to check a description in the Coat of Arms, type the surname at this page:

The Kurds may have been asking the Americans when they plan on attacking Mosul. The Iraqi's were boasting that, after Ramadi was re-taken, they would go on to Mosul. The Kurds want a hand in taking Mosul because they want it as their city. So, if the Kurds have every reason to talk to the Americans about it, and if the Americans were eager to start the battle, we'd not be hearing the following:
Iraq is unlikely to undertake an offensive to recapture the northern city of Mosul from Islamic State this year because its armed forces are not ready for the task, Kurdistan region's deputy prime minister said in an interview.

"I don't think the Mosul offensive could happen this year," Qubad Talabani told Reuters on Thursday. "I don't think the Iraqi armed forces are ready and I don't think the (U.S.-led) coalition is confident in the ability of everyone to get ready in time for an offensive this year."

It sounds like the Americans are telling the Iraqi's that they don't want to do it, giving Iraq the excuse that they're not ready? Why not ready? Is ISIS more ready? What is there to get ready? Iraq is ready. It wants to go in. They have feet, they have guns, they have trigger fingers. What's there to get ready? The brute reality is, the O-mericans don't want to defeat ISIS, for if they did, they would have by now. The Russians are going to see this and likely make Iraq an offer.

Pravda is putting out messages that the West is seeking to destroy the Russian economy. From the to editor-in-chief of Russia's National Defense Magazine:

Do you think that Obama allowed exports of American oil for the first time in 40 years for no particular reason? Do you think that Saudi Arabia decided to increase oil production for no particular reason? They all want to do what they did to the Soviet Union in the past. They want to collapse the oil market, create economic problems and then convert economic protests into political slogans and replace the sitting Russian administration with the puppets whom we already know very well. This is the ultimate goal of our Western partners.

This is the constant message of the Russian media to their people. And along with it, the Russians are boasting about their military track-record in Syria as though seeking to get the public prepared for more of it. In the meantime, I'm reading that the Americans are mulling a military base in Syrian Kurdistan, like in Putin's face. The conditions seem right for Russia to make Iraq an offer to support a Mosul invasion if the Americans won't. But, if it even starts to come to that, suddenly, the Americans will appear more eager to do it, under the condition that Iraq pushes Putin away. But Iraq just finished pushing Putin away in what I think was the insistence of the O-ites. But if the O-ites now disappoint Iraq with Mosul, it may be the last straw, and we may see Iraq turn full-table toward Russian favors, never looking back. And with anti-Muslim and unpredictable / unreliable Trump as the next president, we may see Iraq frigid toward America all four years long to 2020. It will change the dynamics, with Russia in a position to enter Iraq diplomatically. However, Iraq, in that scenario, would expect Russia not to take warmly to the Kurds. If that happens, my old expectations of prophecy will be much better than is now the case.

Suppose that I was wrong in my view of Daniel 11:21-24. I viewed that as an overwhelming army pouring into, and breaking, Iraq. It required the anti-Christ to go to Iraq's side in support against that victorious army. The reason that I predicted Iraq as the country to be defeated (by the overflowing army) is that the Seleucids started out in Babylon, which was near Baghdad. I had a choice to make, whether that nation would be Syria or Iraq, for the Seleucids ruled both. I chose Iraq. But if I was wrong, then prophecy may be fulfilled with the breaking of Syria by the West, with a Russian anti-Christ coming to Syria's aid. In that case, I would need to change my identification of the "ruler of a covenant" that's likewise broken, no longer viewing it as the Sunny Baathists, but probably as a Shi'ite group such as Hezbollah (Lebanon)...because it is right now supporting Syria along with Iraq. I gotta tell you, that makes more sense. The Iraqi situation has not made sense without Russian involvement there, but the very sort of Russian involvement expected has been the case in Syria. It Jeb Bush becomes the next president, it could be: Iraq: Act III.

Reuters, thought to be a Rothschild organ, is completely twisted on the following, and wants to twist your thinking: Asian shares slid to their lowest levels since late 2011 on Monday after weak U.S. economic data and massive falls in oil prices stoked further worries about a global economic downturn. How can lower oil prices be an "economic downturn"? The goon who wrote that is one in a massive globalist army seeking to condition the masses that high oil prices is the sign of a healthy world economy. That is nothing short of cancer in the brain. You are made to lament when oil prices go down, and you are also made to fear when oil prices go down, and, now, you are to rejoice when oil goes way up. The only slump when oil goes down is in government coffers, but lower oil means less-expensive products all around for the "consumer." That latter term is a creation of the global monsters. You are not a human, just a blank-faced consumer of their manufactured goods. The only "human" the monsters acknowledge is the economy. It lives and breathes and makes their world go round, but you, lowly you, are just the consumer that dishes out the money they reap. That's all you are to the economy goons. Don't follow news on the shape of the economy, or you will lose your humanity and, even worse, will become like them.

It will take time for lower product prices to take effect with lower oil, for most manufacturers and retailers will be reluctant to lower prices all around now that the masses have become weaned on higher prices. Besides, it's not lower oil that will open the door to lower product prices, but lower prices at the pumps, and the latter are not dropping in proportion to the dropping oil figure.

The chart below shows how people were fair prior to the start of high wickedness in the 1970s. From 1946 to 1972, crude prices rose steadily from 1.63 (yes dollars and cents) per barrel to 3.60. The world was normal then, with a doubling of oil prices over about 25 years. But in 1973, 4.75, and the following year, 9.35, a near tripling over two years. In 1975, 12.21, and doubled to $25 in 1979. Although the next 15 years showed a normal trend, and even saw significant drops, the gouging had been a done-deal by that time. The situation never went back to normal. And then the huge spikes shortly after 2004. The motives? I think you need to ask the globalists, whom were never heard of in the 60s. Satanic elements took hold at that time, and led to a global concept, which has a nice packaging, made to look like a gift from them to you, but it's really about world control over people's minds, beliefs, attitudes, loyalties and conduct. There are many people, not of any part of the various globalist bodies, who tap into a global concept, and the rest who are fine with it or don't have any particular beef about the things they hear about it from those who espouse it.

Near the end of the last update, there was good cause for tracing Hagarites to the earls of Mar, and the earls of Mar of the entity responsible for creating the Tarves Coat. One of those entities should be a line of Fitch's/Fitts, as per the fitchee crosses that both share. As Hagarites were being lumped with Saracens, there are two points right off: 1) Saracen-related earls of Carrick use fitchees in their Arms; 2) the other Saracen/SaraSAINT surname (Brittany) shares the moline cross with Chives, a branch of which was in Tarves.

Chives' are still suspect with the Caiaphas line, and Tarves was in the land of the Picts, where, some have pointed out, the mother of Pontius Pilate lived. Heraldry has verified that in a number of ways.

The last update emphasized Maronia, and traced it to Morays/Murrays, and entered the possibility of it tracing to the earls of Mar too. Hagar / Saracen traces to Sithonia and Thasos came after the Maronia topic was ended, and afterward, Hagars were found tracing well to both Mar surnames, and Scottish Mars were thus seemingly clinched with Abraham-suspect Bramtons. Chives' use the moline of Mathis', first found in the same place (Burgundy) as French Mars/More's, and the latter's chevron is in the colors of the bend in the Arms of the earl of Mar. The French-Mar/More scallops are in the colors of the Moray stars, and in the colors of the same of Irish Pattersons (Sodhan kin), while the Patterson scallops link to the same in colors reversed of the Sodans/Sowdens, first found in the same place (Devon) as Chives'. The pelican of Scottish Pattersons, who were first found beside Moray, traced to Sithonia/Longos with Longs and Langs. It can therefore be gleaned that all surnames mentioned had linked, and moreover that the Sodans / Sodhans were Sithonians.

I can be fairly sure that the Saracen moline is a version of the same-colored Bouillon flory because Chives' trace to Chivasso at the Turin theater, where the family of Rozala of Ivrea lived. Bouillons trace to the Bautica river through Ivrea.

Thasos is off-shore from Keramoti, where proto-Maccabees became suspect, and where Carricks seemed to trace without a doubt. Thasos and its related elements were seemingly discovered with Avvites, and then the Kildrummy castle of the earl of Mars is near AVIEmore. I don't have evidence that Avvites carried their name to this place, but if such a term is at Thasos, it could work. There was an Abaeus cult of false prophets in Greece that may have named "MaccAbaeus," and mythical Abas on Euboea may have been of it.

The Mar clan descends from Erskins, who list ESKINs, and then ESCHINA de Molle's daughter (Isabel) married Pollocks (Fitch colors), first found in the same place as Erskins. The Molle's share the Marone boar head, you see, a great reason to trace Mars to Maronia. Peter Pollock, brother of the husband of Isabel above, built Rothes castle near Kildrummy, and while I've insisted that all three Peter surnames to Peter Pollock, I now find that two Peter surnames are using the same bend as the earls of Mar. The ARSus location at Odrysia is "ASSus" on the dark map, and this may relate to Assa on Chalcidice. Was that the ERSkin/ESkin entity? Arsus is beside the Sword-suspect Serdi, and the erect sword was a symbol of Bistones in honor of ARSus-like Ares. The Bissets, first found at Ross-shire, near earls of Mar, may relate to the Bistones and/or the Bessi Thracians up-river from Arsus.

The sword in the Erskin Crest can trace to the Serdi likewise at the top of the Hebros, beside the mount Dunax to which the Duncan royals trace, who were supported by Siward of Northumberland, the man who owns the Sword surname using swords. Maronia is at the opposite end of the Rhodope mountains from the Serdi. The Ore's (use piles, trace to Nestor of Pylos) of Renfrewshire were traced (months ago) to the ORbelus mountains south of Dunax, and along the Nestus and Strymon rivers, where Thasos elements seemed to go. See the lower-center of this light map:

Another thing of new note is Bagaraca of the Serdi homeland, like the Biggar location near the Renfrew home of the first Pollocks. Look on the Strymon to see Doberus, for I trace the bend of Jewish Pollocks to the Dober / Doberman bends. On either side of Doberman, see the Sinti and the DentheLETAE, for I missed the Sinti in the last update when pointing out Sindus and neighboring Lete, both to the near-north of Chalcidice, on the dark map below. I was shocked to realize that the Assurus location to the side of Lete was from Keturah's tribe of Ashurites, even as Lete is from her Letushite tribe while Sindus was suspect from the Sintians of Lemnos, that being like her Leummite tribe. But with the finding of Sinti, identical to the Sinti of Lemnos, near DentheLETAE, it all speaks for itself. And so the theory is that Hagar's children with Abraham found Keturah's children with Abraham, and they went on to found nations as numerous as the stars in the sky.

The bend used by Peters and the earls of Mar is also that of Jacques de Molay, a great reason for tracing him to Eschyna de Molle. Wikipedia is showing him in a painting wearing a red moline cross, feasibly the Saracen moline in colors reversed. In fact, Eschyna de Molle married an Alan from the Alans of Dol, that being either exactly or roughly where the moline-using Saracens were first found. I was told by Miss. Pollock that Eschyna was related to the Londons / Lundys, who, I found, were themselves related to Sibal(d)s, and the latter use a red moline too.

Ignore the derivation of Sibals in their write-up, for they are clearly from Cibalae, home of Valentinian I, husband of Justine, whom you can see in the "Justitia" motto of Sibals. The Justine's were first found in Perthshire, near enough to Tarves to explain the second moline cross, one also in the Sibal Shield. After Jacques de Molay was murdered, his Templar cult escaped largely to the protection of the Scot king, just as the line of Eschyna de Molle (predated Jacques) and her Alan husband was about to ascend the same throne. It can be gleaned that the Templars escaped to the open arms of Eschyna's ghost, we might say, because their grand master had been from her. He was killed just as Robert Bruce I ascended the throne, whose daughter married Eschyna's descendant:

Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus (1296/7 - 2 March 1316) was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce [I], King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar, and the founder of the Stewart dynasty. Her marriage to Walter [this was Eschyna's descendant], High Steward of Scotland gave rise to the House of Stewart. Her son was the first Stewart monarch, King Robert II of Scotland. Her widowed father later married Elizabeth de Burgh.

And there you have a Mar in the mix, explaining why the Arms of Jacques de Molay is also the bend of the earls of Mar, but I find it difficult to believe that historians do not know this. I find it more credible that they are putting a lid on all things Templar...because Templar > Masonic elements had taken control of education. Ask the black mortar boards that graduates put on their heads in the United States.

When we get to Elizabeth de Burgh, she's an Ergines-river suspect: "Elizabeth probably met Robert the Bruce, then Earl of Carrick, at the English court, and they married in 1302..." There we have the Carrick elements involved, who I still trace to emperor Caracalla, not many generations before emperor Valentinian I. The Valentins use squirrels on their bend, and the Carricks were related to a Gilbert character likely in the squirrel-using Gilberts because they use the same chevron as the Arms of CARRICK. The Gilbert squirrel is not "CRACKing a nut" for nothing, but, rather, some member(s) of the family thought long and hard on what term to use as code for Carricks. The nut may not be code for a surname because the use of "cracking" requires the nut. If the squirrel were cracking something unexpected of a squirrel theme, such as a spear, well, then, that would be deemed a code for Speers.

This can reveal a fundamental Carrick link to Valentinian liners, expected if the line of Caracalla was in the veins of Valentinian. Elizabeth has heraldry on her clothing in two paintings at her Wikipedia article. Her husband stands holding the royal Scottish flag with double-tressure border, and a single, passant red-on-gold lion, the symbol also of Bramtons. While Bramtons use two such lions in vertical positioning, ditto for the two lions seen on Elizabeth's dress. In the last update, it was shown, in a section on Hagar-suspect surnames, that Bramptons (share talbot dog with Carricks) are using the two lions of Hatch's/HACCE's in colors reversed.

The Keramoti location of proto-Carricks / Proto-Craigs sounds like Chiaramonte, smack beside Sicilian Ragusa, and in the Saracen part of Sicily. Chiaramonte is not to be confused with Montechiaro, a thing I do at times, near Agrigento further to the west. The Saraca's of Illyrian Ragusa can be suspect from Saracens of Sicilian Ragusa, and that's the family to which Carricks ought to trace. The Saraca's of Illyrian Ragusa are said (by Wikipedia's Saraka article) to be originally from Kotor, which I feel is obviously (for good reasons not repeated here) from a line that honored the name, Keturah. The Montechiaro's married Mosca's, and the Mosca leopard is used in the Chives Crest, which gets Chiaro liners to the earls of Mar, right? Yes, and it must be why the earls of Mar (I only just realized) used a bend in colors reversed from the Chiaro/Claro bend. It should also explain why Wikipedia's previous painting of Jacques de Molay had his breast decorated with the Sinclair / Conan cross. Therefore, my previous trace of Carricks / Craigs to the naming of Agrigento (Acragas) is not necessarily a contradiction with a Carrick trace to Keramoti. However, I did not initially trace Carricks to Keramoti based on similarity with "Chiaramonte," but for other reasons (all in the last update).

The first royal Bruce was the son of Marjorie Carrick, wife of Adam Kilconquhar whose mother was Miss Comyn, a good reason to suspect that Elizabeth de Burgh traces to John de Burgo de Conteville de Comyn. Here is Wikipedia's article on the Irish Burghs (use the Irish Burgh Coat) that produced Elizabeth: "The de Burgh coat of arms is blazoned as: Or, a cross gules (a red cross on a gold shield), above which is a seated and chained 'mountain cat'. Legend says that the red cross started with the first crusade. One story is that a de Burgh recovered a gold shield from a slain Saracen and marking a red cross on it with his own blood. Another story said that Richard I dipped his finger in the blood of a slain Saracen king [blah blah horse manure]...The Cat is said to represent liberty and courage and is believed to be awarded for a de Burgh's courage and skill in battle during the crusades." Baloney. The Chives leopard is called a cat, while the Shield uses "cat-a-mountains", which you can verify from this page:

The Burgh article conveniently leaves out the ancestry of Irish Burghs. The Irish Burgh cross is in the colors of the same of Eustace's, and the moline on the breast of Jacques de Molay (if it's a gold background rather than white). Irish Burghs are said to have married the line of Brian Boru, which was the ancestry of Kennedys using the Arms-of-Carrick chevron, fitchees and all, that are linking well to the Chives' of Tarves. The Carrick fitchees are expected in the Coat of Shere's/Shire's, who use Carrick colors, and share the black talbot with them. The Shere's (Saracen colors) are the ones who can link Patterson liners all-the-better to Carrick liners in that Kilpatricks show Shere-like variations.

The Brians were also "Briain," explaining why Brains use three leopard faces in pale, like the three lions in pale of Brians, which you can see with Brian Boru at his article. At houseofnames, the Brian lions are partly white-on-red, the colors of the Brain leopard faces. But as the Brain faces are on a single pale bar, it brings the three lions of Tailors to bear, also on a single pale bar, which I've been tracing to the Chives "cats," for the Tailor lions are in both colors of the Chives cats while Tailors likewise use a leopard in Crest. As Tailors are suspect from Lucy Taillebois, wife of le Meschin, it should have something to do with the Mosca leopard in the Chives Crest. But Ranulph le Meschin was a great-grandson of John de Burgo, and Wikipedia's article on le Meschin gives him a red-on-gold lion, same as the royal Scottish lion.

In other words, there is a good argument here for tracing Elizabeth de Burgh, wife of royal Scotland, to le Meschin's bloodline...and back to the Mosco's who married Montechiaro. Admittedly, I have no idea (yet) on how le Meschin can link to Mosca's, aside from the general trace of Montechiaro's to Clare's of Tonbridge, who did marry Meschins. Moreover, le Meschin's ancestry is in Malahule of More i.e. the line of Rollo Claro.

The Brain leopard faces (Fessy-cross colors) are important as they link to Fessys/Face's, whose motto is for the Segni's/Segurana's, who are likely using the Sibald moline. The molines of both surnames are in the blue-on-white colors of the saltire cross of French Brians, first found in the same place as the Saracens who use the white-on-red moline (the colors of the Fessy cross) which, in colors reversed, would be the Sibald-Crest moline. Shockingly, after taking a stab at finding the line of Gratian the Elder in the Great surname, it turned out to be the same saltire as French Brians, important not only because Gratian was the father of Valentinian, but because Valentins are using the Pollock bend while the father of the Pollocks (Fulbert) was in Brittany! I wouldn't go as far as saying that Greats are clinched with Gratian's line, but it is interesting. Note that two Valence surnames share red martlets with the French Alans, for Fulbert was in the company of the Brittany Alans. Scottish Valence's use wings as code for Vinkovci liners, right?

The Fulbert suspects, the Fullers, will be emphasized later, and linked to the Maccus Saxons, descended from Gofraid of Ireland, whose line may have produced Gophers, sharing a saltire in colors reversed to the Brian saltire.

Aha! Irish Grattans were first found in the same place as Irish Kennedys, and use a "vivere" motto term reflective of the Craig / Craigie mottoes. English Grattans use a single pale bar. Both Grattan surnames use the heart and "eagle LEG," but the English branch calls it a "human heart" for a reason. The Humans are listed with YEOmans (broken spear), and then the Carrick-suspect Gilberts use a "yw" motto term, a Welsh one. I don't know my Welsh, but I'll guess that "yw" is pronounced much like "Yeo." It may truly appear that Carricks trace to Valentinian, but then I don't know whether Grattans are for Gratian liners. For a more-certain link to the Yeomans, Carricks have a broken spear in the beak of their ostrich, and for a more-certain trace to the Grattans, the Carrick ostrich has its LEGS emphasized in a different color, and mentioned as such in the description.

Wasn't "True Grit" a movie? As Hume's use a "True" motto term, while Grottens are also Grettons/GRITtens, I think the Hume link to Humans/Yeomans can be made. The Grottens/Grittens are said to be from the Gourden area of France, and they share a gold symbol with Gords, first found on the Tweed that flows to Berwickshire, where Hume's and Ade's were first found. Ade's share the gold "jessant" fleur-de-lys with Grottens/Grittens, and the latter are said to have been in Grittone/ Cambridgeshire, where June's were first found that are kin of Yonge's, whom are kin of Gore's suspect now as a Gord branch. I think the implications of this paragraph thus far good sense.

There is more, for the Ade's that worked into the above have a bend that was traced to the Valentin bend! This was done by first linking the Ade bend, with leopard faces, to the same of Stevensons, except that the latter use the leopard faces in green, the color of the squirrels on the same bend of Valentins. Spanish Valentins share a crowned and upright black lion with French Graze's/Grass; possible Gratian liners. Stick with me here for a string of "coincidences."

As Ade's are still being toyed with Quade's, and while Ade's are in the Levi motto, note that Spanish Valentins, sharing a black-on-white lion with Jewish Levi's, are from the GUADaLAViar river. Of further note, the Laviar-like Lafins / La Fonts -- first found in the same place (Tipperary) as Carrick-related Kennedys and GRATtens, and honored in the "la fin" motto of Kennedys, -- share the GRAZE/Grass lion, and the latter surname was first found in Provence, where Guerin of Provence operated whom I have pegged as an ancestor of the Alpin royals. Grazio's use the pomeGRANATE, suspect with such lines as Guerins, who can be suspect with Spanish Varro's (Graze/Grass colors) sharing black wolves with Quade's, and the oak tree with Alpins, Gregors and Arys, the latter resolved (in the last update) as a branch of Aures, where I trace Guerin's ancestry. But I trace Aures to the namers of Ayrshire, where Carricks and Kanza-like Kennedys were first found (I trace Guerin to Kanza of Aures). It's all interesting and very foreign to the story told by historians on king Alpin and his son, Kanza-like Kenneth. Kenneths (Flemings), with an "uro" motto term smacking of the Aur variation of Aures', even list a Kenzie variation.

Spanish Guerra's are using a version of the Italian Guerra Coat, and as Guerra's are suspect from Guido Guerra, by what coincidence do Guido's use a Coat like that of Munster's Grattans? The Guido lion, in the colors of the Aures lion, is in apparent use with the Dressers, a possible branch of the Driscolls that are part of the Munster mash.

Driscolls will become a topic later, and will be traced to Edins and Eaders/Edins, and so note that Ade's show similar variations, for Driscolls then become seriously suspect with Dressers when it's learned that the Dresser Coat is in the Shield of Mahonys, they too are from the Irish Carbery entity to which Driscolls belonged. Carberys threw me for a loop, but finally started to look like Gareb liners in cahoots with Acra / Acre liners. The point here is that a vertically-split Shield of Dressers is in the colors of the horizontally-split Shields of Biens and Decks/Daggers (red squirrel). The Carrick motto honors the Biens, and the red Gilbert squirrel, along with the "Teg" motto term (of Gilberts), suggests kinship with Decks/Daggers...which brings the Dacre's/Daggers to mind of the last update, who had connected with Pattersons and Hagar-suspect Acres'/Ackers / Acres/Hacre's. This was the paragraph in which it was said: "Plus, Hackers/Hatchers should be of the Hatch/Hacce / Hatchet line, and Hatch's/Hacce's happen to share two lions in pale with Scottish Mars...and Bramtons!!!"

The Gilbert motto has a motto term suggesting the Haddocks, much like "Hatch." The Haddocks even share the black-on-white fleur-de-lys with Ackers/Ackers (the one's from Dacre in Cumberland)...and June's. But this can reveal the unexpected, that Hatch's / Hatchets/Hackets were not Hagar liners, but rather Sadducee suspects such as Saddocks and Chaddocks. Hatches/Hackets will open the next section in their trace to the Isle of Wight, where Quade's and Mackays have been traced along with the Ade leopard faces (see Newports, and Newport on Wight). The Mackays were merged with Marjorie Carrick.

The above is suggesting that Gratian the Elder had a line that named Grasse, a little distance across the Provence border. I have been toying with that trace without ever being able to clinch it, but I think the above goes far toward that. Grasse is where Julia Domna and Julia Maesa (sisters) have been traced. Never was a trace of Julia Domna made to Grasse for anything having to do with Carricks, and yet, while Carricks look like "Caracalla," it just so happens that Julia Domna was his mother. As his father was a SEVERus, lets add that he was traced to Saffers / Savards, the latter sharing the besants of Dumas' (suspect with "Maesa"), apparent kin of Lamas' that share the lambs in the Arms of Grasse. "Grass" is even like "Carrick" or "ACRAGas." Later in this update, it dawns on me that Grass'/CRASS'/Craze's could have been from the Acres' because they share the same bend.

Aha! The Crags share the black Carrick talbots and use a bend in colors reversed from the Grass/Crass / Acres' bend! The Crags were first found in Yorkshire, where Caracalla and his father were stationed when Caracalla became the emperor at his father's death! This theory is clinched! Carricks were from Caracalla, and the line apparently named Grasse! Zikers, I needed that.

Hatchets/Hackets, feasibly an Acres' line, are in the hatchets used in the Coat of Zerrs/Zehrer, kin, I think, of Sere's/Serts and Seers, both of which use a chevron in colors reversed from the Gilbert chevron, and Sere's/Serts even share the white-on-red rose of Gilberts. Suddenly, Sere's/Serts become suspect with the Valentinian-liner Sire's/Sirets ("justitia" motto term, share scale with Justine's), suspect with Squire's/Squirrels that share the red squirrel with Gilberts. That works. If I recall, there was an emperor Honorius that was a kin / associate of the Valentinian family, and then the Seers have an "honor" motto term.

But then the Shere's are using the Carrack / Crag talbot so that Caracalla's genes must trace also to Sire's, Sere's, Schere's/Scherfs and their branches, making Scarfs, first found in the same place as Crags, and in the colors of Hackers, Acres', Hagars, etc., suspect with Caracalla liners. To put it another way, his name (which they say was a nickname after his peculiar robe, but I must disagree), looks like it derives in Hagarites as the line went through Saracens and Acragas. Caracalla's brother, Geta, was from a north-African Geta family that can trace to the Geddes (Chaddock escutcheon), which, if correct, identifies Geta liners with Chadocks / Chads / Dunchads, and therefore with Saddocks, like the Sadowski's that use the scarf. While the Sadowski scarf has been resolved as part-code for Quade's, they were traced to the Isle of Wight, where Hatchets/Hackets (share fish with Geddes) are said to have had a branch. Chadocks were first found in the same place (Lancashire) as the Crag location of Crags.

Hatchets/Hackets share trefoils with the Geddes-related Pike's, and the latter happen to use a vertically-split Shield in the colors of the same of Dressers. The same is used for the Arms of Sion so that Dressers are suspect as a branch of Tresure's, kin of the Sion-related Seatons, and first found in the same place as Trents that use a vertically-split Shield in colors reversed. As Seatons are Sittens/Sitons too, it's probably not coincidental that the Pike trefoil is used by SITlers too. For new readers, Sion was also named, Sitten, by a local people group of roughly that name. Pike's may have been from some kin of Valentinian's wife, Justine of PICenum. Scottish Pike's/PICKENs were first found in Ayrshire i.e. same as Carricks.

Brian Boru is said to derive in the Deisi family, and that refers partly to the Deas' (Desmond kin) who use a single pale bar. Wikipedia's Deisi article seems dishonest for not mentioning the Desmonds. In the quest to understand the obscurity of the Irish Deisi, it says: "Byrne mentions it was noticed by Eoin MacNeill that a number of the early names in the Eoganachta pedigrees are found in oghams in the Deisi country of Waterford, among them Nia Segamain (NETASEGAMONAS), after the Gaulish war god Segomo." That sure does look like "Segni."

The Gauls had invaded Liguria, where Segni's/Segno's were first found. Let's repeat something here, that the Fessy motto is supposedly from an utterance of Roman emperor, Constantine I, who ruled a few generations after Caracalla, and a few before Valentinian. Constantine was from the general area of Valentinian's birthplace of Vinkovci, and one of the phrases used in Constantine's utterance, "segno VINCES," sure looks like code for Vinkovci. The Italian Vicenzo surname is Vince to the English, and Valentins were first found in Vicenza, not far from Euganeo, a term like the "Eoganachta pedigrees" in the Irish quote above. Just realized: Euganeo is smack beside Este while Segni's are sharing the white-on-blue spread eagle of Este's!

As Segni's (in the colors of French Brians) are sharing the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's, they look merged with Salyes Ligures, who lived, amongst other places, at BRIANcon. French Brians were first found in Brittany, where the Alans thereof (i.e. FitzAlans of Arundel) are known to have married Alice of Saluzzo, daughter of Luisa of Ceva, the latter being a location about 50 miles from Genoa.

The Norfolk Coat was just bumped into, which is a near-replica of the Seward Coat...recalling my trace of Siward (SIGURd) of Northumberland to Segni's/SEGURana's and Seagars. This find clinches that trace. The reason that the Norfolks were just looked up, whom I am not at all familiar with, is that Seagers were first found in Norfolk, and are using the Segni / Sibal moline in colors reversed. I was hoping that the Norfolk surname could help with this discussion. Sewards were first found in the same place as Chives', suspect from Ceva elements, and Sewards even share the Chives-Crest leopard. It's very rare to find a chevron both above and below a fesse, assuring that Norfolks (Fessy colors) were Seward / Segi liners.

As "Este" became suspect an hour ago with "Acton," something I'll discuss later as per a trace to Keturah's Acte / Hector line, it's interesting that Norfolks (same place as Actons) could be using the Acton Coat. Actons (Valentin colors) are using Valentinian-suspect "Vailance" in their motto. Aldans, the likely namers of Aldenham in the Acton write-up, are using a version of the Acton Shield. Mr. Acton of Aldenham married Miss. Strange, and Strange's share two lions in pale with Abraham-suspect Bramtons while Hector was the son of Abraham-suspect Priam. To put it another way, Bramtons can trace to whatever Priam stood for, which I think was the Mysian city of Parium and/or its namers.

The Mieszko Piasts were very-likely from Mysians. Seward of Northumberland was linked to Sigrid the Haughty (= Swietoslawa), corroborated where Sewards share two white fesses with Sweits and Lamberts), and so I should mention here the HOCTOR variation of Haughts. It should also be mentioned that Acton-loving Cravens trace to Croatia, origin of the Piasts from whom Sigrid derives. The Mieske/Mesech arm-and-sword is apparently in the Acton Crest, and I view the Haught/Hoctor bull head as a version of the Mieske/Mesech bull head.

The Strange's (Piast-eagle colors) are said to derive in a Guido le Strange, son of an unmentioned duke of Brittany. As the two Strange lions are shared by Scottish Mars, and are in the colors of the Guido lion, I would need to trace Guido's to the Ross lion, and the earls of neighboring Mar. This is predictably the line of William V of Montferrat, whose daughter married Guido Guerra III. As Montferrat is at a Monforte location, the Ross lion becomes suspect with the Montfort lion, which has been resolved as the Marano/Mauritano lion without doubt. This can explain why Banners (use the gonfannon banner owned by Montforts), from the Panaro river at Marano, were first found in Aberdeenshire, location of the Mars.

As heraldry masters protected heraldic symbols as today's laws protect patents and copyrights, the Carbery lion (though perhaps adopted by some other surname) is possibly in the canton of the English Banners. However, the English may not have had jurisdiction at all times over what symbols the Scottish clans used. Carberys were apparently under Scottish jurisdiction. The interesting thing here is that the Carberys are expected to trace to the namers of Modena, and the Panaro flows in Modena. Carberys share the white estoile of Motts, you see.

As the first Bruce king married Isabel of Mar, one could expect the Guido-Montferrat line to that marriage, and so we see Mars / Strange's using lions in the colors of the Montfort / Guido lions. But Bruce's other wife, from the Irish Burghs, opens the possibility of Carbery elements arriving to Bruce, especially if Carberys were Carrick liners to his mother. The Scottish Bruce's use a saltire in the colors of the Irish-Burgh cross, but throw in a canton with the blue lion of the Yorkshire Bruce's, who can be suspect from Caracalla and/or the Crags (Yorkshire), even as Bruce's mother was from Caracalla i.e. once stationed in Yorkshire. The Bruce Crest is a passant blue (or is it purplish?) lion that could be the same, in colors reversed, of Carberys.

The Carpers/Carpens/Carps were just found using a white-on-blue fish alone, very Carrick-interesting because it's the symbol of Saraca's, and it's also in Carbery colors while Saraca's did trace to Modena. The Carpers/Carpens were first found in the same place (Pomerania) as Dols, and the latter use a fesse in the colors of the Carper fish, which is itself positioned as a fesse. But other theories crop up later on the origins / identification of Carberys.

The Strange-like Strongs ("est" motto term) are using a spread eagle that can be assumed to be the Este eagle in someone else's colors. It's half in the colors of the Piast eagle, and the Piast eagle is white, as is the spread eagle of Este's. Este elements got to Brunswick, and if the two Strange lions were gold, they would be the two Brunswick lions in both colors, in the two colors of the Strong eagle. The Este's that got to Brunswick were the white-on-blue-fish Bars, which begs whether CarBERYs were part bars. As I traced Alans of Dol to Montferrat to Brunswick-Luneburg, one may also ask whether the Dol-suspect Carpers were Car liners merged with Bars. At one point, a few years ago, I had guessed that the CURVed fish of Bars was a symbol for CARVers, and they just came up as "Carber" when seeking Carbery kin. The Crabs (Flemings) share white-on-blue fleur (Carbery colors) with the Dole's.

If the SHERidons have a "don" prefix, they can become a possible Shere = Carrick branch. Sheridons use a lion in the same colors as the Trigg / Drig lion, and these surnames are nearly "Dris." Sheridans use a "CERVus" motto term, as well as the Mergen/Morgan lion in colors reversed. As Mergens are suspect with the trace of Mergins/Bergins to the Ergines river, that's where Corrigans trace that share the Sheridon trefoils and colors. Both surnames are said to have been of Longford, and Longfords were quite suspect (last update) with Longos = Sithonia. The giant lion of Corrigan-related Hare's/Garrys is green, as is the Sheridon lion, and Hare's/Garry (share lizard with Corrigans) use a motto term, "GARBh." It looks like code for Carbery elements, but there are now so many motto terms apparently honoring the same entity that it's hard to know what other surname was a direct Carbery branch versus some distant kin. The Longford write-up tells that Longford was the territory of Farrells, and they not only use the Sheridon lion in colors reversed, but a "CU REABtha" motto. It's a real head-scratcher.

The threesome, CARPENters, Belli's and Fullers, may apply to Carbery. It just so happens that Longfords share vertical pale bars exactly of Carpenters. I traced Carpenters to the Carpathians, hopefully correctly. The Balloons, who come up later as per possible linkage to Blondeville's, share the fesse in the colors of the same of Langs, and then Carpenters were first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Blonde's. Blondeville's will be part of the certain trace of Maccabee liners to Keramoti.

It's not a coincidence that while dragon-using Carberys were first found in Midlothian with FERMANs/Formans, Corrigans were first found in FERMANagh. Fermans share a green dragon in Crest with the Midlothian Crichtons. As Fermans look like a merger with Anchors, it tends to verify that Carricks were from Agrigento, and that Crichtons were a Carrick branch, or at least merged with Carricks so as to develop Carrick-like variations. If correct to trace Crichtons/Creightons to the Irish Cruithne, they may apply to the Crutch/Crouch (potent?) bloodline. Crutch's use fitchee crosses in a style that are often called, formee, apparent code for Forman / Worm liners. Crutch's call theirs a "formee fitchee." Although it's a griffin head in the Patent crest, it's green, and the "palleSCERE" motto term of English Patents has got to be for the Carrick-related Schere / Shere bloodline. As Crutch's use a PALE bar, what about "PALLEscere"?

Here is from a statement later in this update: "Cambers use the same design in Crest as the Palle/Paul Crest, and the latter's Coat shares large ermine spots with the Brittany Balls/Balands, a Blonde-like term if ever we saw one." English Balls happen to use a black ball in flames, very reflective of the black crescent in flames of Scottish Patents. As Palle's/Pauls are thus expected to be a branch of Balls, Patents just proved to be the meaning of the potent cross said to be in the shape of crutches. As the Patent motto is shared by Pullens, it's notable that they use footless martlets in colors reversed from the same of Formans.

Therefore, Pullens, Palins, Palle's and Balls were all branches likely with Blondeville's / Blonde's, the latter to be instrumental for making new discoveries later in this update. I can go one further and reveal all of these surnames as branches of Pilate's, and therefore likely from lines of Pontius Pilate's. The balls in flames are likely pellets, the official name for black roundels. We might at first think that, no, these are not pellets, but balls, because they are used by the ball surname. But Balls may have formed from any variation of the Pellet surname, which share's cups with Pilotte's. Then, see the pellets in the Coat of German Nichols, because the Crest has a pellet in a hand with arm, even as the ball in flames of the Ball Crest is held by an arm and hand. Then, to your amazement, you'll find that the Nichols are using the same chevron as CUPs/Colps (and Copps). Clicking over to English Nichols, a giant white pheon, the Pilate (not "Pilotte") symbol. You can then contemplate on what it means for Pontius-Pilate liners to merge with the Salem line of Sale's (same place as Nichols) that are using the Nichol pheon in both colors. Could we expect (Jeru)Salem liners to be hooked up with the governor of Jerusalem?

Eschyna de Molle fits into the potent line when she married Mr. Croc(e), for Croce's use the potent cross, and moreover have the look of Crouch's and Crichtons. As I yet need to show why potent liners were the chief symbol of the Jerusalem Crusaders under Godfrey de Bouillon, and how that links to lines from the killers of Jesus, it's probably important that Scottish Patents were first found in the same place as Annandale's, same-colored KilPATricks (the latter share a Chief-with-saltire with Annandale's), and Pilotte's. Later in this update, Tailboys are discovered as the Taillebois' of Lincolnshire, and while they use the Annandale Chief and saltire, by what coincidence were Croce's first found in Lincolnshire? While the first Meschin, whose name has no known derivation from the Massey bloodline, married Taillebois' of Lincolnshire, the Croce quadrants are likely those of Masseys, especially as the Croce motto is like that of Massins/Masons. Both mottoes use "DUM spiro," and Patents / Annandale's were first found in DUMfries, also called "Phris." Were Pharisee liners of the Frey/Phreeze kind there?

At English Patents are said to be from Patten, "near CHELMsford," it's first of all notable that Ivo Taillebois may be of the HELMet-using Ivo's/Ibers. Secondly, English Helms share the Sale pheon on the Sale bend, while German Helms use a helmet in the colors of the Ivo helmet. The Mynetts with helmets in colors reversed from the Nichol pheon trace to Amyntes at the Pontus, and I think Pontius Pilate was named after that region, and I also think that Pilate was given a role in Jerusalem from the Maccabee line that merged with Amyntes' line. The Mounth area of Aberdeenshire is said to have been from a monadh the Welsh, mynydd. The writer apparently doesn't know what these terms mean, and they are not capitalized. Is it a coincidence that Pilate-related Cups/Culps were first found in Aberdeenshire. Pontius Pilate was related to the Colts/Cults of neighboring Perthshire, where his mother was supposedly living, and Colts/Cults use the stag head of Malcolms (Cup/Culp colors), who come up as "CALM," like "Chelms(ford)."

Mounth was partially the territory / concern of the Mars while French Mars were first found in the same place as Pilate's, and are in Pilate colors. It's not far from the Tarves home of some Chives', but they can be suspect from Cowie location (Stonehaven) of the Mounth theater. In the Mounth article: "The mountainous landforms of the Mounth form an outlying ridge of the Grampians stretching from Ballater in the west to the North Sea coast immediately north of Stonehaven." Pilate- and Ball-like Ballater is less than 50 miles from Perth. BALmoral castle is seven miles from Ballater, and seven miles nearer to Perth. Although no Ballat surname comes up, the Brittany Balls show Ballets and Ballots. They are using three ermine spots that can thus be construed as a version of the Pilate pheons (arrow heads). It just so happens that Ermine's/Armine's were first found in Lincolnshire (home of Ivo Taillebois) while Ermine's are using a version of the Tailboys Coat (won't come up without the 's').

The Cowie's are sharing the gold boar with Weirs/Vere's, and as Cowie's were first found in Kincardine (Aberdeenshire), you might want to remember this when showing, later, why the current chief of the Vere clan was named after Kincardine. The Cardine's, stunningly, are using the Sale / Nichol = Pilate pheon, and were first found in the same place as Nichols and Sale's. It can explain NICHOLas de Vere. It means that one can make a Pilate link, indeed, to the Ballater theater. Nichols are suspect with Ligures at Nice, suspect with the Nestos-river liners first to Pylos. I must imagine that Pilate himself did not live at mount Pilat/Perdrix, but that his children / descendants did. We can expect his children in Judea with him, but, after his political time was up there, they probably moved on back to the Roman empire somewhere. Mount Pilat is near to where Herod Archelaus lived, giving reason as to why they would have moved there.

Note that the Burgundy Mars, apparent kin of the Burgundy Pilate's, share white scallops with the Tailboys Chief so that Pilat liners are expected with Mar liners (probably all the way to the earls of Mar). While the Tailboys scallops are undoubtedly the Meschin scallops, it needs to be added that while French Messeys/Messier's were first found in Burgundy too, and use a saltire in the colors of the Mar chevron, the Mar Coat is a reflection of the Mackay Coat, and, moreover, English Messier's and Pilotte's were first found in Lincolnshire with Meschin's wife. This can explain why the Caepio treasure should have been with Meschins, if I'm correct in pegging some of that treasure at mount Pilat. But there's more to it, and Meschins can be traced with gyronny-suspect Gernons to Gironde (near Kanza-suspect Candale), and to the Garonne river, location of both Gironde and Toulouse. The latter is at Comyn suspect Comminges, home of Herod Antipas. Again, the Ark river, home of some Massey liners, is suspect after Archelaus, and to the north of his place in Vienne, there is a Macon location, which, as a surname, is listed with Massins/Masons. The Vienne eagle is colors reversed from the Ferte eagle, the whole of which claims a strong Herod link to Ferte-Mace, home of Masseys/Maceys.

As Mackays were traced to Maccus, and as his father was Harald, it's a good bet that "Harald" may have been a variation from "Herod" rather than the other way around. Haralds/Herods are sharing a gold fesse with Meschins/Masculine's and Mussels/Muscels. Maccus is said to have been a grandson of SITRic Caech, and then Sitters use pale bars in the two colors of the Harald/Herod fesse. In the Sitter Crest, the same black lion as in the Gernon Crest. Bellamys that married Ferte-Mace share the Sitten crescents. Massey's (Cheshire) are said to have married a daughter of NICHOlas Bold (Pilate-liner suspect as per Nicholas' of Cheshire), which can explain why the Bold Coat and Crest has the look of the Sitter Coat, minus the bars. However, the point is that Bolds list Ballater-like Balts (Agrippa-suspect griffins), and that can mean that Balds/Bolts were themselves Pilate branches. Pollets are in Nichols colors, and will be mentioned again later in an important, Chives-line Alnwich surname.

There is the stunning similarity between "Argyll," where Haralds/Herods and MacDonalds were first found, and "ARCHELaus." The MacDonalds likewise use the Ferte eagle, making them suspect with Herods at Vienne, which can explain the Herod-like MacARThurs at Argyllshire (why are Arthurs also "ARCHibure"?). The Sutherland stars are on the Arkel Coat (same place as Sitters) along with a chevron in colors reversed from the same of Mackays, first found in Sutherland. There is then the question of why Hurls and similar variations are listed with Herods/Haralds, with the conspicuous finding that Herls are using the same fesse as Harolds/Herods and Hurts, the latter suspect in the hurts (blue roundels) of Arthurs. It sure looks like Arthurs and Herods were branches. Campbells, likewise first found in Argyllshire, use Gernon-suspect gyronny.

Looking at the shape of the Farrell greyhound, and its white color, in combination with the green Shield, the FRAWley variation of Ferrells looks like the makings of the Freys. In combination with the German Freys/Freie's, I'm seeing Ferrara elements, and as I traced Pharisees to the namers of Ferrara, note the Freys'/Phreeze's using the same Coat as English Freys.

The three Fuller bars could be on the dress of Elizabeth de Burgh in her Wikipedia article. Her dress also has what looks like the Boyd fesse-with-checks (why not the Stewart fesse-with-checks?), and Boyds are said to be named after a term for "blonde," a thing I disagree with, and yet Blondeville becomes suspect as an Alan holding, which may therefore have received the name as per Alan / Boyd elements there.

Strongbow Clare invaded the Carbery theater, and then the Dutch Burgs, now showing a dancette in the positioning of the Carrick dancette, once showed the three Clare chevrons in both colors. It's just another argument for identifying Carberys as possible Caracalla liners, which liners included Bars. Why, really, was he named STRONGbow? Could Strongs / Strange's have anything to do with it? The Bows?

Before coming across Caracalla, I also claimed that the fish of Saraca's (lived at Lys-like Laus) evolved into the white-on-blue fleur-de-lys, with the fish remaining secretly in the design, the two outer ones being curved and at times shaped like dolphin heads...but it was only after the claim that the curved fish of Bar-le-Duc were found. We just saw some white-on-blue fleur-de-lys with Dole's and Carbery-suspect Crabs. The Dol Alans are exactly a part of the Bruce picture in that they married the first royal Bruce's daughter. It's of extreme importance for my ultimate goals to be able to trace the Templars to Domna Bassianus.

As the Bruce married Mar too, the German Burgs (Moray stars?) can be using the bend that is the Arms of the earls of Mar. If that's correct, note that German Burgs can be using a version of the Weis Coat, signalling that Weis' were partly from Irish Burghs. The Wies' (not "Weis") share the Dole fesse. As Weishaupts use an IBIS goat, the Biss' were pegged with that symbol, and they look like a combination of Tail(or)s and Meschins, suggesting that Lucy Taillebois was indeed of the Tailor line. But Tailors bring us back to the Corks.

Let's go back to the trace of Strange's to the Mar lions, which I think is the same as the Guido trace to the Ross lion, for we find that Scottish Kenneths ("astra") were first found in Ross-shire. It can't be a further coincidence that, after tracing the naming of IDRis of Morocco (he was a Muslim from Syria) to the ITURean Arabs, an "itur" motto term was found in the motto of Kenneths. Idris was the husband of Kanza of Aures. Plus, while Shawia Berbers lived in Aures, the Shaws use both "vincit" and "patITUR." It looks like there was some sort of link between Vinkovci (near the Sava) with the line of Idris and Kanza, and that's where the naming of the Sava, by Shawia, may become imaginable. Domna Bassianus married the imperial SEVerus family, and Caracalla put Julia's father to work in Dalmatia, home of Saraca's and not far from the Severus-suspect Sava.

When we are convinced that "vincit," and the "vince" motto term of Kettle's, traces to Vinkovci, that's when one can begin to entertain Kettle's as Getuli liners, especially as Kettle's were first found in the same place (Perthshire) as Justine's. The "malum" motto term of Kettle's suggests Malahule, whom had a descendant with a Ketill like term in his name. Malahule's descendant, Ranulf le Meschin, was probably named after Masci's of Cheshire, and the Masci wings can be code for Vinkovci for obvious Maesa reasons. The Maezaei were off the Sava, and therefore Julia Maesa is expected from that people group.

Then, as the Saraca's of Laus (another name for Ragusa) are to be expected with the evolution of their fish into the same-colored fleur-de-lys, it just so happens that Ragusa-like Raggs use fleur in those colors, and moreover Masci's use the fleur partly in those colors. The Raggs, expected in the ragully border feature of English Stewarts, are even using a near-copy of the German-Burg Coat, once again suspect with the bend of the earls of Mar, and thereby connectable to the royal Stewarts. Miss Mar gave birth to Marjorie, the daughter that would marry Walter Stewart, mother and father together of the first royal and celebrated royal Stewart.

Miss Mar had a father, DOMHNail, so much like "Domna" that one needs to take a second look out of shock to see whether I've made a mistake. Domhnail, earl of Mar. His daughter married Mr. Bruce Carrick, no guff, the king that protected the Templars from Jacques de Molay. You can see the passive power of heraldry here, to unveil things such as this. There were more than 1,000 years between Caracalla and the first Carrick king of Scotland. But I want you to know, Domhnail was not on my mind in this update until after starting this paragraph. I didn't plan to be here, I just bumped into it, a shock to myself.

Isabella, Domhnail's daughter, has the same name as Isabella, daughter of Eschyna de Molle and a Walter proto-Stewart. Eschyna was the ancestor, or at least kin of the ancestor, of Jacques de Molay. "Eschyna" was even shown to be linkable to the Eskin variation of Mar-related Erskins. Therefore, it's a good bet that Domhnail traces back to Eschyna de Molle's family. And we saw that the Molle's use the same boar heads as Marone's/Maroonys, suggesting that Mars were Marone's.

Haskels use a Coat filled with what some Germans call "kettle hats," and Haskins (wings), suspect with the naming of Eschyna, are using the colors and format of French Mars, as well as the colors of the earls of Mar, as well as lions in the colors of the Scottish-Mar lions. Scottish Mars were first found in Yorkshire.

The Mar article takes the Domhnail name back to pre-Templar times: "...the Irish annals name 'Domnall son of Eimen son of Cainnech', Mormaer of Mar in Alba', as among those killed in 1014 alongside Brian Boru." I have no idea what "Eimen" can be about. This quote stresses the importance of knowing what the Brians were in the general obscurity prior to 1000. Did the Marone's / Molle's use boars for "Boru." "Cainnech," I assume, was a Kenneth line. The descendants of Idris of Morocco, who came to rule in Fes/Fez, were chased out of the country not long before the 1014 date above. I trace them to the Fes'/Fez, first found in the same place (Awraba-suspect Auvergne), as Bouillons. The point is, the Fes' share a gold bend with the earls of Mar. From there, one can entertain the Fessys (share red Shield with Fes') as their branch, Vinkovci connections and all. Fessys use a cross in the colors of the Bouillon cross, a powerful argument for tracing Fessys to Morocco. And Fessy of a Vesci kind said to be from the "De Burgh family."

I Sees Grimaldi Ligures to Sitric Caech's Side Liners

The Fessys are said to have been the ancestors of FitzGeralds, but Geralds are listed with Desmonds, and use a saltire in colors reversed from the Fessy cross. It thus becomes obvious as to what this traced to at Genoa, the Segni's and the Fieschi together. As Wikipedia says that Grimaldi's connected with the Fieschi, note the "hoc" motto term of Fessys, which can be expected as the Cocks who merged with Grimaldi's. I am NOT of the opinion that Constantine spoke the words in the Fessy motto, but rather some Masonic lune put the words into Constantine's mouth as pure code for his bloodline lust. Bloodline lust causes division, and all the evils associated with it, including war. Jesus came to say, it's not about the blood, stupid.

With this understanding of Fessys, which connects them rather well to Elizabeth de Burgh, let's add that they share the Ross Crest, for earls of Mar were quite-obviously attached to the Ross'. Below, we come to Rushtons, first found in the same place as Fessys, and suspect with the Biblical Rosh. Compare the Feschs (white crossed swords on black, points down) with German Rush's (white crossed arrows on black, points down), and see that Ross-colored English Rush's ("Dieu" motto term) are in Fessy colors. German Rush's use wings. Feschs show several Fech-and-similar terms, which can suggest that Fes elements morphed to such surnames as Victoria's/Fichters sharing the single, black pale bar with Fisks; the latter share an estoile with Feschs above, and are probably using a check version of the almost-checks of Cocks / Grimaldi's.

Believe it or not, the Fisks use "Sic ITUR ad astra" within their motto, while Kenneths use "Sic itur as astra." There you have your undeniable evidence that Fisks and Feschs were Fes liner from the family of Idris of Morocco.

The Desmonds are said to have derived from a fighter, Geraldino, in the battle of Hastings, and ditto for the Fessy ancestor, making it apparent that Geraldino (or his line) merged with a Fessy. The Brain leopard FACES are in the white-on-red colors of the Monk lion heads while Desmonds use a MONKey. Fessys are the only surname listing "Face." Where in Liguria do you think the monkey traces? I'll show you later, very connectable to the Ross lion and the Cocks.

The Fessy write-up speaks on one Ivo Vassy marrying Alda, a daughter of Gilbert, begging the question on whether this Gilbert was related to the Gilbert at the root of the Carricks. Her name evokes the GrimALDI's. Later in this update, I'll show why the Grimaldi's are freshly discovered as Crom-Alda's, the Crom liners being in the Desmond motto. I'm reading that Burga de STUTeville was parent, with William of Vesci, in the birth Eustace Vessy, lord of ALNwick in Northumberland. It should help to explain why Irish Burghs use the same cross as Eustace's. It reveals that Eustace's were related to the Fessy-Burgh entity, but this does not mean that Eustace II cannot apply, for Fes' were first found in the same place as Bouillons, while Eustace II was father to de Bouillon.

The STATielli Ligures were smack at the Genoa / Savona theater so that Stuteville's looks to be from that Ligurian peoples. State's/Stathams should apply because they use lozenges in the colors of the same of Grimaldi's, Cocks and Cochs. Stute's/Stote's (torteaux) use the FOOTless martlet while Footes is on Guernsey, home of Majors who share the red greyhound with State's. GRIMaldi's were suspect with a Gri / Grim line to Greys, likely honored in the GREYhound. Grimm use nine footless martlets in the Coat, and share one in the Crest with the Stute Crest. It looks like a new revelation with far-reaching clues and understandings. German Grimms share the sun and colors of Pearsons (and Italian Alda's!) while lozenge-using Percys were Fessy kin and first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Stute's. As Douglas' were traced to Monaco's (other special home of Grimaldi's), note that Douglas' share the heart with Stote's. The last update saw Douglas ancestry at the Thassos / Nestos theater, suggesting Douglas liners at Liguriua's Nice. This all works, but I'm on the spell check as this is being discovered, and haven't the time to expound at this hour.

I've just seen the Taillebois surname as "Tailboys" in the Alnwick-Castle article. [This was written days ago, before the paragraph above was inserted. Alnwick was taken over by Percys after Fessys ruled there.] I'm not familiar with this Tailboys page, and forgot all about it after finding it in 2011 by misspelling "Talbot" as "Talboy." As could be expected, the Tailboys'/Tallboys'/Tailbois' use the Meschin scallops in Chief (reflects the Russell Chief), and the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Annandale's, which uses the same saltire as Desmonds/Geralds. Tailboys" were first found in Lincolnshire, and the write-up speaks on Ivo Taillebois and Lucy by a strange name, Ivo Tailgebosch, and calls him "Lord of Holland," and husband of Lucie, "sister of the Saxon Earls Edwin and Morcar" (Lucie was Lucy's mother). It could indicate that Taillebois' were Tails merged with Busca liners, though I can't see heraldic evidence for it. The write-up must be using that version of the name in order to trace it to the dictionary term, "taillebosc = cut-wood = woodcutter," a giant leap to a heap of manure. Recall the three white scallops in pale, in the colors of the Tail(or) pale and lions, of Biss'.

[I've got to say, during the spell check, that while Lucys are kin of Geti-suspect Geddes, the Alda's, now linking harder to Grimms, may be using the split Shield of Gate's so that Geti liners (to Caracalla's Geti line from his father) from north Africa may have been with the Statielli Ligures / Grimaldi's. Late in the update, there is an eye-popping link of Foots to Caiaphas suspects out of the rulers of Maine, and so the Maynes location of Renfrewshire, in the Stote write-up, can apply. Stute's are said to have been at Dolphinstoun in neighboring Lanarkshire, where Douglas' had some ancestral elements, the Hardys, that is, suspect with the Douglas, and now the Stute-Chief, heart. The Dolphins use a motto term suspect with Julius Avitus, husband of Julia Maesa so that Caracalla's line can certainly apply here, noting that Caracalla was in Yorkshire when he became the emperor, where Stote's were first found. The Stote's are traced suggestively in their write-up to Stoti vikings suspect with the raven-depicted Stout vikings in Shetland, and while Shetland uses a "byggar" motto term, Biggars were first found in Lanarkshire.]

Why did le Meschins marry a Saxon? Was he plotting against the Norman rulers? Or was he marrying the Saxons that had merged with the Maccus line previously? That makes sense. He married the Saxons that were ruling Mercia at the time and then the French Messeys/Messier's use the saltire that was the Mercia flag. Plus, English Messier's were first found in the same place as his wife. Was Meschin a Messey liner specifically? How?

See how the Spanish VARRO Coat reflects that of the French Ivo/IVAR Coat, for Ivers/Eure's are using the Vere / Massey quadrants. It's as though Ivo Taillebois was a Vere liner. The Varros' were even first found in Burgos, making it suspect with the Fessy-Burghs. The article on Ivo de Vesci says that it's not known whether his Alnwick Vesci's were related to the Northumberland Veci's/Vessys. At Wikipedia, Ivo Vesci is said to have married Alda Tyson from the previous lords of Alnwick (ALAN-wick?). This Alda is said to have been a daughter of William Tyson, and is therefore not Alda in the Fessy write-up, daughter of Gilbert, married by Ivo de Vassy...unless there is a dispute on the identity of Alda's true father. Below, I discover that Alda Tyson was wife of a Burgh family, which can explain why a Fessy would come to marry another Alda i.e. from the Burghs.

It's only in this very week that the Alda surname has been found linkable to Dino's and therefore to Taddei's/Tadini's (same place as Alda's), and as these were suspect in the past month with Tosini's/Tonso's / Tosni's, look at how those surnames smack of "Tyson." The English Alda's, sharing a version of the Dino Shield and a version of the Taddei Chief, use a "Constantia" motto term, while Fessys use the supposed utterance of Constantine I. That's a match, and it predicts that one or both of the Alda ladies were involved with Fessys-Burghs. As Tosni liners were also expected with Tute liners, note that English Alda's even use a "VirTUTE" motto term.

For years, I've been tracing the Annandale's to the Ananes Gauls in Italy, and linking them to the Laevi Gauls on the Tessin/Ticino river. I've been claiming that this should have been the line to the "rightful" priests of Israel under the chief priest, Ananus/Annas (the one who had Jesus killed), and here I find that Tysons (Northumberland) are also Tessons while Annandale-suspect Tailboys used "Ivo," as did the Fessys that took over the Tyson titles. Recently, I came to suggest that Tous'/Tosini's should trace to the namers of the Ticino, and here I now find the apparent evidence.

Tysons/Tessons are using the Touch lion in colors reversed. The Tailboy / Annandale saltires are used, with LEAVES, in colors reversed, by Tess'/Tease's, and Tease's/Tighs/Tyes', first found in the same place as Annas' (and Fessy-suspect Mea's/Meighs), share the Annas star. You decide whether it's all coincidental, and don't forget the leopard FACES of Levi-beloved Ade's, first found in the same place as Hume's using the Tyson / Lannoy / Lyon lion belonging to Herod Archelaus.

Apparently, GILBERT Tesson was the first Tyson chief of Alnwich. He is said to have received it from the Saxon king, and siding with him against the Norman invasion. It's notable here that one Blonde Coat uses bars in the colors of the bars of Aetheling-suspect Atholls, first found in the same place as Justine's, the expected kin of Fessys. You'll see shortly why Blonde's can apply to the Comyn-Burghs suspect with the Fessy-Burghs. As Tess'/Tease's (same place as Ticino canton) come up as "Teck," note that Gilberts ("Teg" motto term) share the red squirrel with Decks/DAGGERs. And Comyns use a DAGGER, suggesting a Comyn-Burgh link to Fessy-Burghs, if Gilberts can be clinched with Fessys. If the Gilberts can be clinched with Gilberts of Tyson, that is, the Decks/Daggers would be regarded as Ticino-river liners on this evidence alone. By what coincidence do Alda's share a cherub with TACKS???

With the Ticino starting in Switzerland, and the Swiss cross used all over the part of Italy across the Swiss border, it therefore becomes predictable that Fessys / Mea's / Macclesfields / Burghs are using the Swiss / Savoy cross. Savoy faces Vienne-Isere (and Lyon), home of Herod Archelaus to which I am tracing the Tyson lions. A way to get to Vienne-Isere is by following the Isere river after going down its Ark tributary! The French Masseys, whose Coat appears to be a version of the Taddei Coat / Alda Chief, were first found in Savoy, and use a "tree without LEAVES" as evidence of their connection to Laevi on the Ticino. The Tree's/True's are in the Hume write-up.

There are two ways to look at a Massey-Laevi connection: 1) proto-Masseys arrived to the Ticino before they had formed Maccabees along with the formation of the "rightful" Levites of the Sanhedrin as per the Ticino Laevi; 2) Masseys formed at the Ticino after they left Israel as Maccabees, because they followed Levite liners back to their old stomping grounds. The first option suggests that proto-Masseys were amongst the proto-Laevi, and that is the option I have chosen, from Meshwesh of proto-Danaan Tanis.

But there is the Modena factor, and the ability now to trace Cilnius Maecenas to Modena's Marano location that argues for a Maecenas / Massena origin for Maccabees proper of Modi'in. Plus, as Modi'in is expected with / from the ancient Mitanni from Yuya, note Yuya-like "Hugh," or the UGAdale location in the Macey/Mackay write-up, for even the Masseys are traced in their write-up to a Hugh Massey as one of the first known of that name. Hamon de Masci is in the Macey write-up as a tenant of Hugh Lupus. Yuya was suspect with Gugu of Lydia, but Gugu is said to have climbed the Lydian throne after Hercules-liner Mysians (i.e. possible proto-Masseys) had it for centuries prior. The Danaans that birthed Hercules lived in Maecenas-like Mycenae while the Mitanni are suspect at Methoni in Messene, but, once again, to stress a Massey kinship expected with the Laevi, the Methoni location, a real one, was made mythically a daughter of Oeneus, suspect with Jonathan the Levite of Dan, which, because it was also called, Laish, should explain the fleur-de-LYS of both Masci's and Masseys. As the fleur traces to Laus = Ragusa (Dalmatia), that's why it's important that Julia' Maesa's father was stationed in a role / mission at Dalmatia long before the Saraca's proper appeared, who were from Saracens of and beside Messina of Sicily.

Before emphasizing Masseys, and starting almost ten years ago or more, I traced Hercules to northern Wales, smack beside the Cheshire Masseys. Hercules was traced especially to the Mona frontier that later became suspect with HasMONean. I was then shocked to find that Ordovices of northern Wales are said to be named after the hammer, the thing that Jews claim for the naming of Maccabees (I disagree of course). I had traced mythical Poias, a Hercules cult, to the naming of Powys, location of a Commins COCH found in the Comyn write-up. The Hercules Danaan were suspect with the naming of Denbigh (between Mona and Cheshire), where there was another location named by the Comyns. But it was just mere months ago when discovering that the viking family of Maccus had joined Saxons in an alliance, and then conducted a meeting in Cheshire (shocker), of all places, to confirm the alliance. Later, we find the Tysons siding with Saxons against the Normans, predicting that Tysons, Ticino-river liners, were of the Maccus vikings (predated the Norman invasion of Saxonite England).

Sitric (Maccus' grandfather) made a marital alliance with Saxons of Northumberland, where Tysons held their castle. The Sitters/SIDEwells, like "SITRic," were first found in Northumberland, and are suspect with Sithones, possibly from the Sidonians of Laish. If Sitters were Sithones, since after all they share the upright black lion of Seaton- and Side-related Sutys, then Maccus liners can trace to Sithonia, i.e. near Keramoti, and on-shore from the Hercules bastion of Thasos, the namers of which may also have named the Tessin river and the Tysons. As Yuya's royal daughter was TIYE, her line may have been honored by the Tyson variation of Tessons.

As the family of Hugh Lupus in relation to Maceys engaged the Dol Alans (e.g. Robert d'Avrances of Ferte-Mace and his Dol wife) Macey), note that German Tessins/Tessens were first found in Pomerania, and show nothing but a blue fesse in colors reversed from the same of the Pomerania Dols. A fesse in the colors of the Dol fesse is in the Italian Alda/Audi Coat (no symbols but a fesse), wherefore the Dol-related Pollocks, with "AUDacter" motto term, can trace to Alda's...which may explain why the Jewish Pollock bend traces both to Fessy-related Valentins, and is in Fessy colors. Pollocks were birthed by a Saxon, and perhaps the Tyson-Fessy relationship can explain it.

Wikipedia's article says that Alda "was the first wife of Eustace Fitz John, also known as Eustacius fitz John de Burgo." Eustace is not the son of John de Burgo, father of Herluin de Conteville of Comyn. The latter John was of a slightly-earlier time (perhaps only one generation) than this other John de Burgo, but they sure can connect as close family. In fact, the Alda motto is telling, where it's translated, "By courage and perseverance," for the Comyns use the motto, "Courage." It suggests that the Alda married by Ivo de Vassy was a Comyn-Burgh liner. "PerSEVERance" translated from "constantia" looks like a clever way to link emperor Severus (Caracalla's father) to Constantine, the latter being the one honored in the Fessy motto. Reminder: Constance's use the Ferte eagle suspect with Ferte-Mace.

Keep in mind that Wikipedia's article on Eustace II gives him a mustache nickname, "Gernon," but I do not agree at all that Gernon referred to a moustache. Rather, Eustace II must have been connected to the Gernon surname of the son of Ranulph le Meschin, a known descendant of the Comyn-Burghs from John de Burgo. Ranulph and his son were both earls of Chester. Then, in the article on Eustace son of the other John de Burgo: "The other marriage [of Eustace], which also occurred before 1130, was to Agnes daughter of the constable of Chester William fitz Nigel, and this eventually brought Eustace more land in Yorkshire at Bridlington as well as in Northamptonshire at Loddington. Both landholdings were held from the earl of Chester." Ranulph le Meschin was the Chester earl from 1120-29. It looks like both John de Burgo's can link. The Arms of the earls of Cheshire are identical to the Comyn Coat. (I've just learned that the first earl of Chester was Gerbod the Fleming, which should explain why German Flemings use the wolf i.e. for Hugh Lupus, the other first earl of Chester.)

Now for a great revelation, I think. The timing is perfect, after introducing and emphasizing KeraMOTI in the last update. This place was in the Kavala region of Greece, like Kevelioc, the surname of the earl of Chester, Hugh, grandson of Ranulf le Meschin. It was expected that the namers of Keramoti were of the proto-Maccabee line to such places as Modane, and to the Motts and the Mauds. Maccabee descendants have been revealed satisfactorily as the Masseys, and therefore the Meschins. But the Mauds are using the Monmouth Coat, and Kevelioc is in Monmouth. Amazing. Hugh's mother was Maud of Gloucester, where Letts and Lett- / Meschin-related Samsons were first found.

Then, the surname of the children of Hugh Kevelioc (married Montfort) were named, Blondeville, and the French Blonde's (Picardy) use "castle gates." Now, houseofnames has a lot of different gate designs, but it chose to use the same design as per the Ark Coat, I kid thee not. It means that the Meschins trace to the Ark river, location of Modane, and that they were in cahoots with something in Monmouthshire's Kevelioc area. The Macey-related Fane's (share gauntlet glove with Maceys) were first found in Monmouthshire. That should explain it, or at least some of it.

As the Arks were first found in the same place (BERKshire) as Modens/Modeys, let's also talk about the fretty used by Modens, shared by the Cottian-suspect Cotts/Cottins. The Cottians were near or even at the Viu tributary of the Riparia, and the Viu has been deemed in code by the "vi" and "via" motto terms of some surnames. The English Blonde's use "via mea," and even the Mea's/Meighs can be Maccabee liners, for they share the cross of Macclesfields (Cheshire).

The Kavala-suspect Cable's and Caves' use a Shield filled with fretty too. Fitting so naturally right into this part of the discussion, it's compelling to trace Cable's and Caves' to Kavala, and so it does appear that Maccabee liners do trace to Keramoti, but that location was there from before the time of the Meschins. Was there a Mod/Mot-like entity, or a peoples from Modi'in, also in the Cabyle theater? I guess yes, for the Salem-suspect Salyes were either very close to, or in, Modane. The "Courage" motto of Comyns might be for Corrigan liners at the Ergines. The Comyn write-up speaks on one Norman member of 1066 holding the earlship in Northumberland, where Fessys / Tysons had their Alnwick castle. A Comyn connection to Ticino-liner Fessys implies what I had reasoned, that Miss Comyn, mother of Adam Kilconquhar, was named after Como, near the Swiss border and not far from the Ticino. The Como's show a Comyn-like variation.

The three surnames, Cable, Caves' and Shirts ("Hostis honori invidia"), all have motto terms where I can spot codes for Julius Avitus, husband of Julia Maesa. The Vito's have a Vio variation while it's the Leavell-suspect Blonde Coat that uses "via." The Shirts (Cheshire) are in the description of the Tous'/Tosini's that traced by their Tonso variation, and by the buttons on their shirt, to Cabyle. It was an undeniable trace that involved the Buttons and their Cabyle-like Capelli kin (both use the CHAPeau cap). As was said that Cabyle liners are expected to Chives', and while Chives' use "VirTUTE non vi," it's about time that I tell of the Chives moline in the Alnwick Coat. It means that Chives elements are expected in Tyson / Fessy circles, a logical expectation. There are two reasons for viewing Chives' and Cavetts as a branch of Caves' out of Ceva, and as the granddaughter of Luisa of Ceva married Percys, by what coincidence did Percys take over Alnwick?

This picture links absolutely to Kaplans, first found in the same place as Buttons, and the Josephs who share the Cheshire / Comyn garbs owned by the Meschins. What connection was there between Meschins and Josephs? Apparently, it has to do with the Henry link to Josephs, and the Henry homeland at the Meu river. Shirts, first found in the same place as Salletts, share red roundels with Selletae-suspect Saltire's, yet another way to trace Cheshire elements to Kavala (if it was linked to Cabyle). The Moden/Modey fretty is inside the lion of Enrico's. Shirts/Sherrats might have been Sardinians.

It doesn't appear coincidental that Italian Blondi's (same stars as Maceys) were first found in Sardinia, where Avezzano's were first found that should be a branch of Avis'/Avisons using the Commyn Coat exactly. Blondi's are in Comyn colors, and share a sword that can be code for Siward of Northumberland, and moreover the sword is in the colors of the Aude sword, while Aude's (Savoy) could possibly be a branch of the Auld location of Alda's, or the Audi variation of Italian and Dol-suspect Alda's. The Blondi stars are also in the colors of the stars of Tosini's, whose Tonso variation can suggest a marital merger with things on the Tonzus river, location of Kevelioc-like Cabyle, itself beside the Selletae expected with Sale's/Salletts, first found in Cheshire.

I witnessed an Arms of Macclesfield that Wikipedia removed from its article. Wikipedia has removed two different Arms of Macclesfield, none now showing. One of them had the Davenport fitchees, black-on-white, the colors of the fitchees in the Blondville Coat (no 'e'). Judging from the Kennedy fitchees, these are the colors also of the fitchees in the Arms of Carrick. The Cassels use a form of the Kennedy Coat, and then there is a Cassel location in the Nord part of Artois, the same place where Comines is located, both places using the black key as symbol. It explains the black key in the Cassel Coat. The Cassels and Kennedys are the ones whose identical motto is in love with Avisons, an extra good reason to trace Blondville's to Cassel elements (because Avezzano's and Blondi's were first found in the same place). Blonde's were first found in Picardy, on the southern border of Artois.

Stunningly, the Nord part of Artois is like Cotes-du-Nord in Brittany, where Motts/Motins/Morte's were first found. Also in Cotes-du-Nord, there is a Jugon location while Juggs/Judds share the white-on-red boar head with Mea's/Meighs (kin of Albins), which is what practically clinched a trace of Mea's to Meu river flowing through Cotes-du-Nord. It also flows by a Montfort location, making in connectable to Banner-using Fanano and Marano, both in Mott-suspect Modena. The Armors are suspect from Cotes-du-Nord, and they are the ones with the helmet suspect with the Ivo/Iber helmets. Were these Ivo's from the Ivo's of Fessys?

The marriage of Hugh Kevelioc to Montfort may explain the Montfort location of Brittany. This Montfort (as opposed to the one in Normandy) is highly suspect with the gonFANON banner that traces to FANANO and Marano, especially to the Panaro river, location of the Modena Albino's. The Blondeville's (with 'e') share green-on-white trefoils with the Modena Albino's. That's not in itself evidence of a Kevelioc link to Modena, but that link was expected already from KeraMOTI in Kavala. All other pieces of evidence are supportive / rectified.

Fanano in Modena uses the same fesse as the Pomeranian Dols, and for the time-being, the apparently-related Tessins of Pomerania were Thasos liners. This is a good place to remind that Tosni's were at Louviers (Normandy), which place became suspect with Lovers/Levers at Liverpool, on the north of Cheshire. The Sinclair rooster in the Lever Crest stands on a trumpet, suspect with Trumps, first found in Pomerania. The Lever Coat seems to be a copy of the Key/Kay Coat, and the latter can be honored in the Cassel / Comines key. With Liverpool so close to the place of Masseys, it is suspect as a Laevi-liner city.

The Beatles band was out of Liverpool, and the Beatle's surname shares red-and-gold checks with Louviers', but also with the Arms of Meulan, a place ruled by the Montfort-related Beaumonts that were ancestral to Leavells, a fact, but hard to find online, though I wrote about it in the 2nd update of this past November: "Waleran...eldest son of William Gouel de Perceval, surnames Lupellus, and of Auberie de Bellemonte, daughter of Robert, earl of Mellent, his Wife, succeed his father in the estate of Yvery...he appears to have been lord of Yvery, and to have held for himself in the Ballywick of Tinchebrai..." Lupellus went on to become the Leavells.

As Adams show a Caw variation, "KilconQUhar" becomes suspect in a Con-liner merger with the Coo variation of Cowes'/Cawe's (traced to Laevillus). The latter surname share piles with the Roxburghshire Leavells, and were first found in the same place (Lancashire) as Liverpool. Piles are welcome here because they trace to Nestor of Pylos, who traces to the Nestos area where Keramoti is located.

The Blonde Coat using a "mea" motto term is a black version of the Leavell/Lovell Coat, a good reason for linking Lovers/Levers to Leavells. This is a powerful argument in the face of Quadratilla, wife of Laevillus, tracing to Quade's and Irish Mackays (same Coat). The Blonde's under discussion were first found in the same place as Clare's, and then the Arthurs once called their symbol, clarions (trumpets), which links Arthurs / Artois to Lovers/Levers.

The Blonde's were first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Balloons/Baalhams/Balaams/Balans sharing the white Mott estoile in the colors of the Mott crescent. Ballons are also sharing a red rooster in Crest with Alnwicks. It appears that Hugh Kevelioc named his family after the Balloon bloodline. Balance's use the same colors. The line of Alexander Balas becomes highly suspect here for reasons I won't repeat. His Seleucid-Maccabee line was traced to Sulcis of Sardinia. The rooster was at Gallura on the opposite end of Sardinia.

The Kevelioc article doesn't tell why the family took the Blondeville surname. Wikipedia has a remarkably large article on Kevelioc's son and heir (Ranulf de Blondeville), who "made an alliance with Llywelyn the Great, whose daughter Elen married Ranulf's nephew and heir..." I'm not sure how to divide "Llywelyn" into syllables, but it was suggested in the past as a form of "Leavell." One might guess that Blondeville was a town held by Kevelioc's Montfort wife. Note how she can trace to the Montfort of Brittany where Ranulf de Blondeville was styled, "duke of Brittany." "In 1188 or 1189, he was married to the Duchess Constance of Brittany, the widow of Henry II's son Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany..." The article gives hint as to why Quincys and Winchesters use mascles, as Ranulph de Gernon was in Winchester. But that's another story.,_6th_Earl_of_Chester

The Blonde motto term, "Tua," can be deciphered as code for Taws/Taws' that come up as "Tass," for they are not only using Gernon-suspect gyronny in Blonde colors, but share a black lion in Crest with Gernons. The Gernon motto term, "CyFOETH," has been traced to Foots and Fothes'/Fettes', both of which use chevrons in the colors of the triple Levi chevrons. The Levi lions are black, the color of the Gernon lion. There are good reasons for identifying the fitchee with a variation of the Fothes', so that Carricks, in Fothes' colors, should be entertained in a merger with Fothes'. The Footes location on Guernsey links naturally to Majors, and the latter's anchor traces with Anchors (version of Major Chief) and Carricks to Agrigento.

"Manger" just came to mind, and they have a page showing the Major Coat but with a different (white) greyhound in Crest. Were Majors an Anger branch, or a merger with them? "Manger" is a term linkable to "Manche" and the Manx peoples. The Mangers include Mayngers / Maingers / Mongers / Mongers / Maynshers, creating controversy in what they derived in. The Mangers are traced to a derivation in "mancgere = high-class merchants", and Majors are traced to "malger = counsel spear," suggesting that horse manure is in both derivations. Mangers put a triple-tiered (my term) collar on their greyhound, and the greyhound with collar and chain is in the design of the same of Schutz's, though the latter have a single collar.

The Blondville Coat looks like a version of the Clinton Coat, using the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's, a line from Luisa of Ceva, a Kavala-possible place suspect with "vi"-using Chives' who lived in Devon, where Albins/Aubins were first found, and who lived also in Tarves, and then Tarves' share six black fitchees with Blondville's, and moreover, the earls of Mar, Maronia suspects, use a version of the Tarves Coat because Mar rulers lived at / around Tarves. The line of Alice of Saluzzo married Arundel, as did a daughter of Hugh Kevelioc. Alice's daughter married Percys, and the latter, a Louvain liner, had taken over the titles of the Alnwick of Fessys. Early earls of Arundels were Aubin-like Aubignys.

Moreover, the Blondville's are using a Chief of blue fur, the color of the Quint-Chief fur, and I insisted that Meschins were closely related to the line of Quintus Caepio. I viewed the Quincys as a line from Caepio, and here I find that a daughter of Hugh Kevelioc married Quincys (mascles, code for Meschins/Masculine's), first found in the same place as the southern Fessys.

English Blonde's share nebuly bars with Maronia- / Myrina-suspect Amore's, Mari's, and Marina's. The Marina-related Clements were from Powys, where a Kevelioc-like Cyfeiliog area existed. Note that the start of its name can be in "CYfoeth," the motto of Gernons, for Hugh's father was Ranulph de Gernon. Hugh was himself apparently named after Hugh Lupus, son of Emma de Conteville, a line from John de Burgo. "After the death of Madog ap Maredudd, the last Prince of the whole of Powys, and his eldest son and heir in 1160, the kingdom was divided up between his surviving sons Gruffydd Maelor, Owain Fychan and Owain Brogyntyn, his nephew Owain Cyfeiliog and his half-brother Iorwerth Goch. Cyfeiliog was inherited by Owain Cyfeiliog." While there seems to be good reasons for linking the Meschins to this Cyfeiliog family, it's not necessarily from Kavala elements. For all I know, "Cyfeiliog" could be a Cy- versus a Cyf- versus a Cyfeil- entity.

The Louvain / Percy lion, blue, has been resolved as the Caiaphas-line lion. Just go Louvain = Levites, Percy = Pharisees. The go back to the German Freys'/Freie's to see the same lion, recalling the Phreeze variation of the Freys. We then call up "FREEmason" to discover that Masons use the same lion, and were first found in the same place as Louvains. It looks like bloodline lusters were playing word games with us, and that Freemasons were not really named after stone masons, as claimed. The Ferrels/FRAWleys were the ones that got me to address the Freys earlier in this update, and they share a white greyhound in Crest with Topcliffs, the latter in Ferrel-lion colors, and named after a location in Yorkshire ruled by Henry Percy (link above). We shouldn't assume that Topcliff/Topeclive was named after an estate at the top of a cliff.

It just so happens that Bruce's were of Yorkshire, and they share the upright blue lion with Percys / Louvains. It could be that Bruce's had to use the lion on the cheaper silver because they were not directly descended from Louvains. Henry Percy was directly descended, and so he shows the lion on the expensive gold, same as Louvains. There may have been be some truth to such a rule to distinguish ownership of symbols. After silver, there may have been higher- and lower-level colors for those merging by marriage with silver-backgrounders, etc. I'm guessing.

This is the HENRY Percy that married Aaron-suspect Arundel, or the Alans of Arundel, a location near to where Josephs were first found, who were from Henrys, themselves from the Meu, near the Dol Alans, and related to them, as their common red martlets will verify. This is the Henry Percy descended from Luisa of Ceva, where Chives' are suspect that share the Alnwich moline, you see. We would really like to know how Alnwick got that moline, whether it was there before Henry Percy moved in, or as a result of his moving in. The trouble with making heraldry links, at times, is that people get surnames from places that they themselves didn't name. For example, what were Percys before they lived or ruled a Percy location, then adopted that place's name? Topcliffs have a surname, but are the Topcliff crescent those of the original Topcliffs, or of rulers who moved in later to adopt the name of the place? It's troublesome.

The older Percy symbol, "five fusils in fesse," are in earl-of-Marr colors, but instead of being a bend as is the Marr symbol, the Percy fusils are in fesse as likely code for the Fessys of Alnwick, which they apparently married. The Percy lozenges then become suspect as "fusils" because they were created in honor of the Fusil/Fusie/Fusier (French, Payen-kin suspects) branch of Fessys, and, as you can see, the Fusils use lozenges in the colors of the Percy fusil-lozenges. It looks like Percys actually named fusils when merging with Fusils and adopting their lozenges thereby. And de-Payens were married with Chappes' as of about 1100. The Percys of Topcliff started out about the same time:

William I de Percy (d.1096/9), 1st feudal baron of Topcliffe in North Yorkshire, known as Aux Gernons ("with whiskers", later forming the first name Algernon, frequently used by the Percy family), was a Norman nobleman who arrived in England immediately after the Norman Conquest of 1066.

...The Cartulary of Whitby Abbey states that Hugh d'Avranches (later 1st Earl of Chester) and William de Percy arrived in England in 1067, one year after the Norman Conquest.

I've got to assume that this gernon = whiskers was word-play, and that this early Percy was himself a Gernon in the train of Ranulph de Gernon, which can explain why the Percy colors are those also of the Cheshire garbs. Percys were from Manche, making them suspect with Perche, Percivals and Pierces. Percivals use the bear for Berwick elements, apparently, because Pearsons were first found in Berwickshire. This is where Ade's were first found that were traced to Ada of Warenne, and Henry Percy's mother was a Warenne.

Pearsons share suns with Poussins (Maine), but just look at how their variations look like P-branch Fusils, with a Coat looking much like the Fusil Coat. The English Poussins/Pussys, using fesse bars in Fessy colors, look like they adopted the white Chives cat, and from that theme developed a Pussy variation. "Poussin" can therefore link to "Fussen," but as that German location was also called, Foetes, that's what I've thought the Gernon motto term, "CyFOETH," was part-code for. And we just saw that the Percys started out as Gernons. This means that Fessy are behind Fussen, and then the Fessys/Fieschi of Genoa were near a Fossano location, with Ceva between the two. And that's how Poussins likely got their cat, by linking to Chives liners through Ceva. We saw the Chives moline at the Alnwich surname.

Percy-like Porsens show as Pawsons/Paysons (sun in Crest), first found in the same place as Percys. I would suggest that Pawsons/Paysons (lion's paws) were something like Powys' (bear paw) merged with Percy liners such as bear-using Percivals.

Before getting to the Alnwick variations, I'd like to mention the Enrico surname again, the one with a lion having the Moden/Modey fretty inside of it. If the fretty were removed, it would be a blue-on-white upright lion, same as Bruce's, for example, and therefore linkable to the Percy / Mason / Freie / Louvain lion, all four surnames suspect with Maccabees and Pharisees...not to mention that Arundel is in the same place as where Saddocks, Hams, Hammers (MacAbee colors) and some elements from Warenne's/Varenne's were first found. The Enrico write-up traces to supposedly the origin of the Henry surname in "Haimric," and, as is standard practice at house of names, every German term ending in "ric" is thought to mean "rex = king." But I beg to differ in this case because "Haimric" can also be a hammer term, meaning "stone mason." I might not have taken that tack had not the Enrico lion been possible the Masin/Massin lion, which I think it is because I view king Massena at the root of the Maccabees...that later named the Modens/Modeys.

If you're thinking that I'm definitely wrong on this one, in spite of the decent argumentation, I have left the bomb up my sleeve for the last showing. German Hammers ("ad") use the same lion as Massins/Masons, and split in half much like the Freie lion. So, you see, Hammers are linkable to the Mason surname, not because Masons were stone masons, but because Hammers were Maccabee liners who were given the hammer symbol by the same sort of double-speak as used by Masonic reality-twisters. Did you note that the Hammer bend is in the sinister direction, a feature of Massena's / Masci's / RasMussens and other Massey liners?

But the Hammers could not have been Hammers from the start. They developed that way from something else. As the Moden surname was the one that started me on this Haimric = hammer theory, note the HAEMERLEIN variation of German Hammers, for CHAMBERLAINs were traced to the Ark river! I don't remember putting that one up my sleeve, but it just rolled out. It may even explain why Hamburgs are in Chamberlain colors, meaning that Hamburg, Germany, may have been a branch of the namers of Chambre. The Hamburg Crest even uses a white horse in the same position as the white Frey / Phreeze horse. The Hamburg drops are expected as code for the Drop/Trope branch of Trips, first found in Hamburg, and using the same crosslets.

This discussion can actually come around to Poussins/Pussys, first found in Oxfordshire, same as Damorys and Amore's, both using fesse bars in the colors of the same of Poussins/Pussys. But the Amore's use the bars with nebuly, as do Blonde's that themselves have a sun in the Crest (French-Poussin symbol). Inside the sun, the Blonde's put a shoe. I can't tell you how happy I am that houseofnames changed the boots of Trips for SHOES!!! I have repeated many times over the years that the Trip boots were identical to the same (color included) of French Masseys, and here the Trip shoe has been found with Massey-related Blonde's. The more houseofnames changes items, the better I can make further links. Moreover, the Damorys are using the wavy-style fesse bars of Drummonds, first found in Hamburg.

So, with Trips being kin of Masseys, and Trips using the crosslets of Hamburgs, it's a good bet that Hamburgs were Chambre-Ark elements in northern Germany. It can explain why Cambers (Chee dancette?) were first found in the same place as English Hams (same salmon as MacAbee's) and Hammers, as well as the Saddocks whom were kin of Chadocks found in the Shield of Chamberlains. It screams the chief priests of Israel. We might say that Hamburg was a Cumbrian line from the Cimmerians of Juteland that put out the Hams and Hammers after coming to use the Hamburg variation. Other Cumbrians were in Massey-related Wales.

Cambers use the same design in Crest as the Palle/Paul Crest, and the latter's Coat shares large ermine spots with the Brittany Balls/Balands, a Blonde-like term if ever we saw one. English Balls (Cheshire) use a "FulCRUM" motto term. English Balls look like Palins/Pawleys (share the same lion).

The Arran location of MacAbee's was traced without doubt to Airaines, near ABEEville...both in Picardy, where French Blonde's were first found who are using the design of the Ark surname. Looking closely, the gates in the Blonde Coat look maroon, not from the illusion of black detail on red. The Airaines location is of the Hiram/Iron surname using the Burgh cross, I reckon. A red moline cross in the same colors as the Irish-Burgh cross, which may be in the two colors of the red moline on the breast of Jacques-de-Molay, is used by French Burgs/Bourges', perhaps the namers of Berry/Bourges/Avaricum. This is important now because Wikipedia previously had the same Jacques, in a different painting, with a black-on-white cross upon his breast, the color of the Alnwick moline, making the grand master suspect with the Fessy-Burgh-Conteville family, especially as French Burghs were first found in the same place (Languedoc) as Conte's and Ville's.

As Rennes-le-Chateau, suspect with the heraldic cat of Croms, is in Languedoc, the "blue-apple" riddle supposedly concerning a treasure at Rennes-le-Chateau, comes to mind right here, and, I kid you not, it was not on my mind until arriving to the end of the last paragraph. That riddle includes "Pousinn," you see, which is how I knew of the Poussin and Pussy surnames in the first place. I did not look Poussins up, above, for anything to do with Rennes, but because they sounded like "Pierson," or, perhaps they were brought to mind by the Director. I truly have, for years, and before knowing of Poussins, been tracing the Croms to Rennes-le-Chateau, and that trace was not based on the Crom cat initially, but on the two Vincent Coats, one of which shares the Crom quatrefoils, I believe. The CHATeau-like cat in the Crom crest only seemed to corroborate the trace. By what coincidence do black-moline Chives' use cats in both Crest and Coat? They are white cats in the Coat, the colors of the Poussin/Pussy cats. This has always meant, to me, that Caiaphas' line through the Chives' was in Rennes-le-Chateau elements. It tends to means that these particular heraldic cats were a symbol for Chateau elements.

But here we find that the two back-to-back families at Alnwich, the Fessy-Burghs and Percys, who apparently merged, are tracing to the Poussin elements of Rennes-le-Chateau, and this is why it's important that French Burgs/Bourges are, not only using the using a cross version of the Irish Burgh who leads to the wife of Bruce I, but to Jacques-de-Molay, whose Templars fled to the Bruce. To top it off, the Alnwich Tysons had traced to the Ticino river, as though to prove that Caiaphas liners were involved. The sharing of the Poussin sun with Blondeville suspects, the French Blonde's, tends to corroborate that Fessy-Burghs were involved, for we saw why the John de Burgo of the Fessys should have been of John de Burgo of Conteville.

The Vincents were thought to trace to Rennes due to all the hocus-pocus of our times concerning the Rennes-le-Chateau theme of the Da-Vinci code. We saw Fesse's using a "vinces" motto term, like the "vincit" of "qui"-using Shaws/Sheaves, kin of key-using Sheaves'/Chiava's/Chiapponi's (Chives' and Caiaphas-like surnames), and then the key is in use in the Comines location at Artois, home of Godfrey-de-Bouillon. Then, the Vince/Vinch Coat shares a winged, black-on-white, passant griffin with Irish Godfreys. Vincents were virtually clinched with Rennes-le-Chateau when I learned that their French branch use the border-Shield combination in the Arms of Rennes-le-Chateau in colors reversed. That's when I knew that Vincents (French branch, Languedoc) were of Da-Vinci. And this all has to do with Jesus, the present hoax to convince the world that Jesus was a normal man with a sexual relationship with Mary Magdalene, which of course creates the message that he was not the Son of God. It destroys Faith in those who believe da-Vinci-code implications.

But Vincents / Vince's trace excellently to a line from Constantine through Valentinian at Vinkovci. However, Vinkovci was known as CIBALae at the time of Valentinian, and Sibals use the red moline in Crest, the color of the same of the Languedoc Burgs/Burgues'. Godfreys use "DEUS et libertas," tending to suggest the Deisi Irish at Desmond, the ones using "Crom" in their motto, and thus tracing the Deisi to Rennes-le-Chateau. None of this was on my mind when starting out on the Deisi. The da-Vinci-code theme was not on my mind until coming to the Alnwick moline. I didn't realize that I had been treading on the da-Vinci theme all update long, and much of what you'll read below, on the Irish investigation, was written previous to much of this section. I might go over some of it and add comments as relates to this section. I had come across other "libertas" users, whom you'll see.

The Vince motto, "Nil conSCIRE SIBI" is suspect both with CIBalae and the Squire's/Square's linking both to the squirrel-line of Carricks and Valentins. No coincidences. The Carricks birthed the Bruce. For those of you following my squirrel Signs of last year, it's conspicuous that while I have had no squirrels in the attic all year long, not even to the end of December, the first squirrel noticed up there was this past week. I am going to see if anything unusual takes place that could be a further Sign. The 16 RED squirrels of last winter (which I caught) culminated in the spring with a dead squirrel in by shorts pocket, found after I put the shorts through the laundry machine. The squirrel in that pocket was suspect with the one squirrel I came to call, satan, the only one that got away from me, twice. It's interesting that the Pockets/Pouchers are said to be Poher of Brittany, where Judicael of RENNES ruled. He is in the Pocket write-up. Rennincidence? Shorts use WINGs.

The Shorts are using the gold griffin of Aeders/Edins, who crop up later when I link them to the "Libertas" of Dino's, which is the full Aeder/Edin motto. The Dino's will link to Alda's, Fessy-Burgh suspects, and Alda's with Dino's together are linkable to the Tous'/Tosini's that use a SHIRT, very linkable to Shorts, both linkable to the SHERIDons that have linked to Driscoll suspects, and the Driscolls are the ones that brought the Aeders/Edins to topic in the first place. The Shirts and Shorts are linkable to the Brittany Jordans because the Irish Jordans (share black-on-white lion with Palins/Pawleys) show SHURTon-and-similar variations, which was corroboration that the squirrel in the pocket of the shorts was indeed a Sign for these Brittany elements. The Jordans/Shurtons even use the black-on-white FESSE of Pockets/Pouchers. The latter were said (by me) to be a branch of Powers, kin of Palins, the latter first found in the same place (Dorset) as Shorts.

I now find, upon reading that Jordans/Shurtons were Courcys (CORK!) originally, that the latter use the motto, "VINCIT omnia VeriTAS." This is suspect with "LiberTAS," and Liebers are expected with the Alan / Jordan FESSE, not forgetting that the Percys of Alnwick started with the FitzALAN-Percy family from Chives-suspect Ceva. Courcys could be a branch of the Brittany Coeurs (sinister bend, Caracalla-Bassianus suspects, expected with Cork-related Tailors). Courcys, perhaps even a branch of Core's/Corks, became suspect with Corsica, an island to the north side of SHURTon-suspect Sardinia. For the record, Courcys use the Coat, possibly, of Kenneth-suspect Connicks and Tarents. Kenneths are fully expected to be close kin, from Morocco, with Fessys, and Tarents are expected to be kin of Mauritania-suspect Murena's/Moratins.

Yesterday, as I viewed the Arms of Comines (Artois), I said to myself not to forget that the Arms uses red-on-white cinquefoils, and here, this morning, a giant red-on-white cinquefoil in the Pocket/Poucher Coat! As it seemed above that Cotes-du-Nord in Brittany linked to Nord of the Comines location, lookie at what was just found: "According to Viscount Frotier La Messeliere, "...Poher extends, from east to west, about fifty kilometers, from the eastern borders of Glomel, Rostrenen, Kergrist-MOELou and Mael-Pestivien in COTES-DU-NORD, to the western limits of Finistere..." The Arms of Finistere was resolved to be of the Bauts, first found in the same place as Bouillons.

Repeat from above: "Stunningly, the Nord part of Artois is like Cotes-du-Nord in Brittany, where Motts/Motins/Morte's were first found. Also in Cotes-du-Nord, there is a Jugon location while Juggs/Judds share the white-on-red boar head with Mea's/Meighs (kin of Albins)..." The ragully-using Judds/Juggs (same place as Vince's) are said to be derived in "Jordan," but I don't agree with it, though I think it's mentioned because there had been a Jugon merger with the Brittany Jordans. Judds/Juggs are very linkable to Fessys, but note that they share the white boar head with Molle's, the Eschyna-Alan line to Jacques-de-Molay and to the Bruce.

As Googe's / Goughs share the Molle boar head, note how "JUGon" can apply to Gog liners, but then compare also with "Yuya > Gugu." As king Gugu is expected at the Lydian capital, SARDis, Gugu elements could have migrated to SARDinia, and therefore to the Brittany Jordans, Shurtons, Sheridons, Shorts, etc. That works, and expects Jugon to be a Yuya-Mitanni line, wherefore note that while I trace Mitanni through LESbos, the Less' use boar heads too, red, the color of the Molle tusks. Plus, LesBOS was suspect with a Bos entity, while the Bus' use the giant Pocket cinquefoil in colors reversed! If the stated derivation for "Poher" is incorrect, note how "Pocket" evokes the Phocaeans...whom, as proto-Ligurians at Marseilles and Less-like Lacydon, could have been on Sardinia / Corsica.

The Judds are expected from Judicael elements at Jugon: "In 871, while Salomon [Salem liner?] is still king of Brittany, Judicael is indicated as princeps Poucher without anyone knowing that a brand of such dignity was uncommon at the time." Judicael is expected in the motto of the RENNES-suspect Raines', the line to Renfrewshire, home of the Pollocks married by de-Molle's daughter, and, besides, the Pocket write-up has what I see as code for a Pollock variation, suggesting that some Pollock ancestry was in Poher. The Palin / Power stars were traced with the same of Foggs and Medleys to Phocaea (modern Foca). Others say that Pollocks derive in Clovis, but as he was a son of CHILDeric, note that Childs use the Tarent / Courcy eagles. The Poher article says that the area was a bastion for Carolingians, and that some dark, cannibal-suspect myth was tagged to the place.

I just want to jot down the Cleden-Poher location in case it's of the Clauds/Clausels (Languedoc) and/or the birth name of Clovis. Poher was ruled by the royal Alans, and the Poher flag uses two leopards in pale in the colors of the two Brunswick lions in pale. This recalls my trace of proto-Alans to Italy's FORUM Allieni (the English "forum" is not a Latin word), and from there through Langhe to Brunswick-Luneburg, and so let's repeat that FORMans/Forhams use the same lion as Brunswicks.

According to Hubert Guillotel (in La Bretagne des saints et des rois - Ve-Xe siècles, Ouest-France, 1984), the first Count of Poher was RivALLON [caps mine]. He was succeeded by his brother Nominoe (d. 851)...In 913, Matuedoi, Count of Poher, emigrated to Britain under the Northmen's pressure; in 937, his son Alain landed near Dol and expelled the Northmen from Brittany, being eventually crowned the first Duke of Brittany.

It sounds as though the duke of Brittany was the ancestor of the Dol Alans. I wonder whether Matuedoi was of the Mathis' sharing the Chives moline. The Mathis river of the Cavii is near the Clausula river suspect with the Clausel variation of Clauds. The Dober location on the Clausula is suspect with the Dober-Doberman link to Jewish Pollocks. These are good reasons for tracing Cleden-Poher to the Clausula / Cavii. I traced Merovech, mythical founder of Merovingians, to the naming of Morbihan, on the south side of Poher, for as Merovingians are known to be from Veneti, there was a Veneti branch at Vannes / Morbihan. Note that the Vannes surnames is listed with Dutch Ness'/Nests/Nos', a curiosity I don't understand (does it trace Veneti to Nestos?). The Vannes-suspect Fane's/Vans/Veynes' are expected at FINIStere, and Lake Van is where I trace the Tarents. Nestos was the location of KeraMOTI while Motts are from Cotes-du-Nord i.e. part of Poher. Cotes-du-Nord was renamed, Armour, and Armors use the SQUIRE's helmet suspect with Squire's/Squirrels, explaining, suddenly, why the red squirrel (there are no black squirrels around here) was made by God to die in my pocket. Perhaps the main purpose of that sign was to give the reader the ability to believe that "my" work is Directed.

The red squirrel of Gilberts is not only to the Carricks, but now suspect with the Gilbert(s) of the Fessy line, and the Mea's/Meighs sharing the Fessy cross were beside Poher, or even in Poher. As Pollocks show a Polk variation like the Pocher variation of Squirrel-suspect Pockets, Pollocks may have been named after a Polish entity merged with their Poher-line. I was able to trace Peter Pollock to the Mieszko Poles, and the Koplik location smack beside Dober (Clausula river) traced to the Goplo mouse tower, origin of the Mieszko Poles (the first Mieszko married DOBRawa). But Koplik, also called, Cupionich, is like the Caepionis surname from Quintus Caepio, thief of a vast treasure from Toulouse, the remnants of which I see at Rennes-le-Chateau's blue-apple riddle. The riddle suggests that the treasure is with a pegasus, the Massey / Quinn symbol, and Quinns can be from Quints i.e. Quintus Caepio.

English Jordans use a rock in Crest traceable to Roquefeuil, beside Rennes-le-Chateau, both in Aude, where the Pollock motto traces, for a daughter of the de-Pols was married to Foix-Candale, the Foix area to the west side of Aude. Foix elements are suspect in the fox of the Fes/Fez surname, and Candale is suspect with the Kyle CANDLEsticks, while Kyle's were of Aures-suspect Ayrshire, and while Fes' are suspect from Fez, the city of Idris of Morocco who married the Aures tribe. That wife was Kanza, very traceable to "CANDale." It's known that Candale (of the Kendals) was started up by John of GAUNT, though this is hard to find online, like one looking for something deliberately hidden by the rats of the night. It suggests that Kanza, on top of tracing to Kenneths (stag, symbol of the Heneti > Veneti line to Venus') and Kennedys (= kin of the Cassel area near Comines), thus traced to the namers of Gaunt (near Comines), and, as I said that Shawia have a key-like variation by which they are called, and as Shaws use "qui" while Sheaves' use keys, so the Arms of Cassel and the Arms of Comines use keys, meaning that you are learning advanced history that the royal rats want to keep in their darkest of hiding places.

''Aude" can now become suspect with the Audi variation of Alda's, for the other Alda's are using upright griffins in the colors of the upright wolf of Quillans (Kyle branch?), the name of a location beside Rennes-le-Chateau. Some Cail-using variations of Quillans (Ireland) can be of the Irish Cails/Cahills (Kerry / Tipperary) that share the Kyle-Crest anchor (exactly), and appear to be using a version of the Dol Coat. Note how French Cails/Cailans (cloud) use three quails in an undefined Chief, in the colors of the three Comyn garbs in an undefined Chief of English Josephs, for the Cails were first found in the same place as French Josephs. The Caillebot variation rhymes with Tailebois / Talbot. "Quillan" can produce "Vilaine," the area of Brittany to the east side of Poher, location of Dol.

With Cotes-du-Nord now solidly linked to Nord of Artois / Picardy, one expects Pocket liners in Artois, and definitely at the Arms of Comines. That was the Fessy-Burgh line, right? Comines is in the Lille part of France, location of the Lys river that traces to Lissus near the mouth of the Mathis river, which builds evidence for a Mathis / Chives / Alnwick trace to Poher. It suggests also that ALNwick was Alan-wick, and that the Alan FESSE is a Fessy symbol as per Fessys coming to rule Alnwick. It suggests that Fulbert "the Saxon" (progenitor of Pollocks) was possibly of the Tyson-allied Saxons. The Tease/Tess saltire is in the colors of the Fessy cross, and the Tease/Tyes' fesse is in both colors of the Alan fesse. As Tease's/Tyes' (same place as Fessy-related Mea's) are showing the Annas star, note how the Annas Coat appears to be in use with Quillans...that you saw linking to Josephs, suspect for a long time with Joseph Caiaphas, son-in-law of Annas/ANANas (the Tease/Tess saltire is expected to be the ANANN(dale) saltire in colors reversed).

This all very interesting where both the naming of Caiaphas and Annas was traced to Hannibal-related Carthaginians, for Fessys trace to Aures, beside Carthage. It's as though the Caiaphas / Annas line was through Kanza. Although I saw glimpses of a Quint / Quincy trace to the naming of Kanza, I mentioned it but never emphasized it, nor sought to explain it. Shaws are suspect with Sadducee liners of the Sithech kind, and Sticks are suspect with the Kyle candleSTICKs, and we just saw Kyle's linkable to Joseph-suspect Cails. The Kyle anchor can trace to the same of Italian Marone's with Cole-like endings, and then the Coles' Crest looks linkable to the Kyle Crest.

I came to believe that the solid green chevron of Josephs, with double gold chevrons overtop, was borrowed from the two green chevrons of English Burghs, first found in the same place as Josephs, but this only corroborates a Joseph link to Fessy-Burghs, not forgetting that Mea's were on the Meu with Joseph-related Henrys (the "Joseph family history is first recorded in one Henry Joseph, who lived in Hampshire in 1191").

Now, the Alnwicks are suspect as Alans on the one hand, but what about their Annick variation?. Just a slip of the tongue from "Alnick," or did some Nick-entity come first, then changed later by some Alan liner in the mix? The Alnick-Crest rooster, and the color of the Alnick moline, suggest a merger with Sinclairs, and the Elnors/Ellenors even use the fat Sinclair cross. Elnors just popped into my head before writing that, and even as it did so, before seeing the Coat, it felt that it was put into my conscience by Someone. It proved correct because I was eyeing the rooster at the time, and was about to say, anyway, that the Alnwich moline should be a form of the Sinclair cross.

Earlier in this update, while on Pilate liners of the Ball kind, Nicholas Bold entered the discussion, followed by: "Pollets are in Nichols colors, and will be mentioned again later in an important, Chives-related Alnwich surname." Nicholas Bold's daughter married the Cheshire Masseys, and Pollets/Paulets are in Nicholas colors, but as Nicholas' have been resolved as merging with Pilate's, Pollets look like Pilate liners. The Pollets are said to be descended from Fulco de ALNou, a term like ALNwick. Fulco gave birth to Walter de POELeth, and Powells look like they can be using a version of the Bold Coat and Crest, not to mention the Palin lion. I have never been comfortable with the claim that Powells derive in "ap Howell." Powells are from Powys, where I trace some of the Hercules cult, and Pollets claimed to be from a Hercules fellow. The implication in the Pollet write-up is that someone tried to root "Alnou" in a Danaan-like "D'Aunou" entity, but the write-up implies it may have been more creative than real.

So, Alnicks show Annick, like "Nichol," and Nicholas-Bold-suspect Nickels are in Pollet colors while Pollets use a gold eagle in Crest, the colors of the Elnor wings in Crest. Between the Elnor wings, a black griffin, the Bold-Crest symbol. It looks like all surnames in this paragraph so far were linked. As Sale's are using the Nichol pheon (in colors reversed), it's notable that Coughs/Cuffs are using the Sale bend with fleur, for the Elnors use "Cornish CHOUGHs. The besants on the Elnor cross suggest Bessin elements, for Bessins share the Sale bend while Beaston of the Bessins is in Cheshire, where Sale's and Nichols were first found. Moreover, the Cornish choughs are used by Cornwalls too while Batons/Bastons, like "Beaston," were first found in Cornwall, and are in the baton of the Cough/Cuff Crest. There is no sign of Tysons, Fessys, or Percys of Alnwich showing up, and this may be due to the surnames at hand being of Alnwich ancestry, before the Tysons arrived. As Cornish choughs are ravens, that's the symbol of Nicholas'/Nichols, first found in Cornwall. It looks as though Alnwicks have resolved to be a merger of Elners/Ellenors with Nichol liners. Ellens are listed with Alans, but I'm open to a line from some Eleanor.

Tysons are Ticino liners; Coughs/Cuffs sound like Caiaphas liners; Alnwicks/Annicks use the Chives moline. The Pilate-Ball liners were expected at the Ballater / Balmoral theater, and Balloons/Balum/Balaams, perhaps the BALMoral line, are using Pilate-suspect and Ballater-like pellets, Nichol-pheon colors, and sharing a red rooster in Crest with Alnwicks.

Alnwick-Maccus Connection to Fulbert

Interestingly, the Quale's were first found in Isle of Man while Maine is at Le Mans. The Quale's are said to be Phails / Fails to the Irish, tending to explain the whale of Dols and the Irish Cails, code for Whelans/Phalens/Failins. Recall my question on the reason that le Meschin married Saxons rather than Normans, and that it made sense for him to marry a Saxon line that had merged with Maccus' family. Wikipedia says that either Maccus or his brother ruled the Isle of Man, and, believe it or not, the Whelans are using the Brick Coat (Munster), with the same fleur in the Chief used by Masseys, and the Bricks are like "Briquessart, the surname of le-Meschin's father (I still don't know why he got that term added to his name). That is pretty amazing, a new revelation again. Piece by piece, the historical darkness is coming to light. The Manx people on Man likely named Manche, where Masseys lived. The le-Meschin lion, shown as upright and red on gold at Wikipedia's article, is shared by Leghs while the Isle of Man uses three legs as it's Arms, as does the Arms of Fussen/Foetes, suspect with the "CyFOETh" motto term of Gernons. That speaks to a Meschin link to Fessys at Fussen, on the LECH river, and Fossano is where Masci's were first found. It explains Fessys at Macclesfield, where le Meschin probably had authority when he was earl of Chester.

As Fessys were followed in Alnwich by Percys, and as there was evidence that the two merged, and as Percys were Gernons too when they started out, I think I can identify "Percy" as a variation of "Brique / Brick." Both use a string of lozenges; Massins/Masons use the Percy lion in both colors; Macclesfield uses the Percy lion in one color; Percys were from Percy of Manche; both Percys and Meschins were in Yorkshire, as were Bruce's; the Arms of Macclesfield uses the Bruce lion in both colors. This explains why Percivals share the muzzled Mackay bears. It means that Percivals and Pierces, and likely the Pearsons (Yorkshire) too, were Briquessart / Meschin liners. The Percy write-up says that Percys descend from Tessons (Tysons) of Fontenay, and MARmions. Fontenay can be of the Font-de-Villes, but especially the Tuscany Fontana's using what looks like a version of the Italian Fulk and Massi/Mattis Coats. And while Font-de-Ville's are expected from John de Burgo, Spanish Fontana's look like they use a Burg(h) cross. Percys are said to have been from Ralph Tesson of Anjou in to 900s, thus expected to be with Fulk's there. While Fulke's (Massey fleur?) use the spear, Percys use a "ESPERance" motto term. The giant Fulk fleur is white, as is the giant CAKE fleur, and Cake's may have been from Sitric's surname, CAECH. It's notable that the Cake fleur is in the colors of the giant pheon of the Cheshire Nichols.

The Marmions could be expected with the Marshalls (kin of Musso's and Meschin-branch Mussels) using a string of lozenges. It makes Marshalls and Marmions suspect with the Imair, named from Imar, Sitric's grandfather. Marmions/Merrimen use a Shield of blue vair, symbol in the Chief of Blondville's (known line of Meschins). While Marions/Merrimens are said to be from Fontenay elements (of Normandy), Merrys were first found in the same place as Fountains ("blue SQUARE") and Fulke's. The Merrys are sharing the upright, red-on-white lion of Font-de-Ville's (Languedoc). The Merrys are suspect with a MARY MagDALENE hoax that I say includes Dallens, for both Merrys and Dallens can trace to Languedoc, location of Rennes-le-Chateau. Dallens could be from D'Allans.

Sitric married Edith of POLESworth, no guff. There is a Polworth surname sharing the Guiscard piles, apparently, for Guiscards are directly part of the Tancreds. The "FermiORA" motto term of Fullers now becomes linkable to Ore's (same place as Pollocks), and sharing the Guiscard piles! This is fun. The Ore/Orr motto, "Bonis omnia Bona," can link to Ivar the BONEless, thought by some to be Sitric's grandfather. If Ivar was mythical, then he can be a Bone liner merged with the Less'. I can glean that Polworths were the Pullys/Pullers. It seems undeniable here that Guiscards descended from Edith of Polesworth.

The Sterlings are important here for sharing the Chappes / Tanner Moor head, for Guiscards were first found in Sterlingshire. The Ade's were first found in the same place as Polworths while Jewish Pollocks are suspect with the Ade fesse. But the Pollock fesse is wavy, indication of linkage to Weavers / Webers, and it just so happens that the Weber fesse with buckles is a reflection of the Stirling fesse with fleur. Weavers are Cheshire kin of Cheshire Hazels, the latter always suspect with "AETHELing." Athols were first found beside Sterlingshire. Stirling-suspect Webbers (Athol colors) share "forWARD" with Sitric-suspect Seatons, but as Wards use the Warren checks, watch below for Fuller links to William of Warenne, and let it be reminded that Ade's are from Ada of Warenne. Weavers are kin of weaver-shuttle-using ShuttleWORTHs, making them linkable to PolesWORTH. Worths are using the Maxwell eagle, while Maxwells are Maccus liners, and moreover Pollocks became a Maxwell sept. Therefore, something so trivial as the waves on the Pollock bend are explicable, by heraldry, as kin of Pollocks. It's not a thing I would have been able to accomplish in my first year of heraldry analysis.

The "praeLUCENT" motto term of Webers must be code for Spanish Lucents sharing the Jewish-Pollock bend. While an easy thing like this can be discovered by the greenest of heraldry analysts, proving the Webber link to Lucents is another matter. But when Lucents are linked solidly to Pollocks, the Lucent link to Webbers be proven. Lucents are probably using the Zionist stars of Hagars, first found in the same place as Weber-suspect Athols. As Lucie was possibly an Aetheling liner (I'm not familiar with her Edwin ancestry, though EDwin is, as with EDith, a good AETHeling candidate), Lucents can trace to her line through Lucy, that being the talbot line through Dancers, whom you will see shortly in the Tancred bloodline.

Recall that Webers linked to Stirlings, for while the latter share the Moor head with Carvers, the Weber fleur are used by Carvers. Haddocks, suspect in the Gilbert motto, use the same cross as Elnors / Elmers / Alnwicks, as well as a single fleur-de-lys in colors reversed to the Cake fleur. It's important that Haddocks were first found in the same place as Chaddocks and the Sitric-suspect Setantii, for Chaddocks and Seatons / Sitters et-al are all suspect from the namers of Sadducee. Chaddocks have just become suspect as putting out the Dogs/Doaks, who may have created the dog symbol of Talbots, and so not that Dogs/Doaks are sharing the Tankerville cinquefoils while Tankerville's use them in a version of the Chaddock Coat. You can't argue with that, and it suggests that Cadog (in the Dog write-up) was a Chaddock liner.

As Dogs are said to have lived in KilMADOK, note that Maddocks (Brunswick lions?) were first found in the same place as Fullers, wherefore the Maddock lion can be in the Ferman/Forman Chief, because Fullers use a motto term suspect with Fermans. Bacons, who share the Dog cinquefoils, likewise use a Ferman-suspect motto term. Fermans use the anchor. In the Welsh Edward write-up (Crest has the white Wessex wyvern), we read that a son of prince Madoc built the Oswestry castle, begging why the Alans of Dol (and probably Fulbert the Saxon) were living at Oswestry.

As Fontana's were first found in the same place (Tuscany) as Taddei's, it's notable that the latter use three chevrons in the colors of the three fesse bars of Fountains, and that Fountains were first found in the same place as Taddei-suspect Tute's.

The Deville variation of Font-de-Ville's can link to the TANERdevilla location of Tankerville's, with cinquefoils in colors reversed from the giant Pocket cinquefoil. As the latter's is suspect with the Bus and Hamilton (same place as Pocket-suspect Pollocks) cinquefoil, while it is used by Leicester (ruled by Montforts, suspect from the TANERo river), I'm pegging Font-de-Ville's with the Montfort lion in colors reversed. The Tankerville's are using a version of the Chaddock / Chadwick Coat so that Tankerville cinquefoils are those of Chad-rooted Duncans. As Tankerville's are of Tancreds (same place as Fontenay-related Percys), note that Tancreds share red scallops with Spanish Fontana's who in-turn share the escutcheon with Tankerville's, the latter said to be the greatest Normans, and that's explicable where they were from "the tanner," the Conqueror's father-in-law.

I am very sure that Tancreds use the Pulley/Pullen scallops, and that is a way to link the Tankerville cinquefoil to the Pocket cinquefoil, if Pockets were Pollocks. I think I have just discovered that the Tancred chevron is the Arms-of-Carrick chevron, because Dancers were looked up as a possible Tancred branch, and they share the black Carrick talbot, meaning also that the Carrick dancette likely applies to Dancers. This is interesting because Tancreds were the ones who put out the Guiscards of Sicily, where Carricks are rooted. One wonders whether Guiscards had been merged with Carricks while the latter urged Guiscards to invade Sicily to re-acquire old stomping grounds. As Agrigento was founded by the Sicilians at Gela (according to Wikipedia), note the colors of Gells (same place as Carrick-related Crags) and assume their black greyhound to be the Carrick talbot except that the GREYhound is of the Greys (Talbot Coat?) that love the Anchors who trace to the Arms of Agrigento.

Ask whether the GILbert at the root of Carricks was a Gela liner.

Dancers use the Shaw motto that traces to Idris and Kanza. The Dance's (same place as Tancreds) even use what could be a fesse-version of the Tancred Coat. Italian Danse's were first found in the same place as the Tanaro river, very important for tracing "the tanner" to it.

This Tancred link to Danse liners is new to me, and has just opened up a new lane of discovery, tending to prove that Fullers/Fullo's are from FULbert "the tanner." But I also think that Fullers put out Fulbert "the Saxon,' father of the Pollocks. I was thinking that, since Pollock variations are like "Fulk," the Tesson-Fontenay link to Anjou might have something to do with Pollock roots and therefore with the Fulbert line to Fullers. Tessons had married Saxons, you see, and I know off by heart that Fullers share three fesse bars with Fountains. As Fountains just linked to Tancreds, and therefore to Dance's, it struck me that the Fuller bars are in the colors of Dance fesse bar.

The Fuller beacon is code for Beacons/Bacons, and French Bacons share the Tankerville cinquefoils, a great reason to view Fullers with Fulbert "the tanner" (he wasn't a tanner). If Fullers are sharing the Fountain bars, then Fullers need to trace to Fontana's and Taddei's, and these were both first found in the same place as Dino's, from Taddeo Dini, and using the Shield-and-Chief color combination of English Bacons in colors reversed! I had noted that Taddei / Florence liners are fond of using two symbols in the Chief, and that's the same with English Bacons. As Dino's are linkable to Alda's (two Chief symbols) and therefore to Grimaldi's, by what coincidence are Bacons said to descend from GRIMbald? As Grimaldi's were found recently to be fundamental kin of Vere's, it's notable that Grimbald is said to be a relative of a Warenne. Grimballs are listed with Grimble's/Gribble's, and are said to be of Saxons in Staffordshire. [There is a good chance that the Grimaldi-related Statielli Ligures were on the Tanaro.]

As per the "futura" motto term of Fullers, the Futters (white talbot) were looked up, to find two stars in the Chief, same as the Bacon Chief (different colors), and a red-on-white fesse, the colors of the Fuller / Dance fesses. It looks like we've got the Fuller motto term rightly pegged. But as Buttons use the same fesse, the Futter variations look like they took off from a Button / Botter / Potter variation. And Buttons are loved by Taddei-suspect Tous'/Tosini's. Futters look like they are using a blue jay, and so the Jays (Tudor colors) were loaded to find the same bend as that of Jewish Pollocks, and first found in the same place (Herefordshire) as Fullers and Taddei-suspect Tudors. POITvins share the blue jay with Futters, seemingly clinching Futters with Potter liners. The Foty variation can go to the Bodys listed with Botters.

We're not done because Jays are said to be Gai's while Guys/Guise's look like the naming of Guiscards, adding to the Fuller=Tanner evidence. Guiscards were first found in the same place as Scottish Chappes' while French Chappes' share the Moor head with Tanners, which recalls the Moor-head Stirlings that share buckles with French Guys. The "eo" motto term of English Guys/Guise's (Gloucestershire) must be code for Humans/Yeomans (Gloucestershire), suspect also in the "yw" motto term of Carrick-related Gilberts. I am becoming more-sure by the paragraph that Gilberts from Sicily were linked to Fessys from Kanza's Numidians. As Fessys use "Sub", the giant buckle of Polish Sobeks (share red Shield with Fessys) may apply.

The Buckle's (call their Crest a "cat rampant") use a "temere" motto code for the Mere-branch Demere's (Cheshire), suspect with Imar > Maccus liners to Cheshire, for Buckleys (same chevron and format of Buckle's), likewise using "temere," were first found in Cheshire. It's important that French Guys use buckles while Buckle's with Buckleys are using a reflection of the HUMAN/Yeoman Coat, for English Guys/GUISE's are the one's with the "eo" motto term. It's just another way to help prove that the Guy buckles are indeed code for the Buckle liners. It was Gratian-suspect Grattans that use the "HUMAN heart," and the Grattans were reckoned with a version of the Guido Coat. Guido's come up as "GUIS," you see.

Demere's are traced to a Mera character in association with Gilbert de Venables. Why do Italian Marone's of southern Italy use the anchor? Should we begin to suspect that Imar of Ireland had been of the Tyrian pirates around Carthage, from the Atlanteans. The Venables' are said to be from Venables in a Gela-suspect Gaillon area of Evreux, and then Gaillons/GAYarts (Dol) use the red wyvern of Drake's i.e. from the Drago river at Agrigento i.e. a city founded by the Gela. Spanish Galiano's can be construed as using red-on-gold bends, colors reversed from the same of French Demere's/Merreys/Merits. Was Imar's ancestry in the Myrina Berbers of the Atlas mountains? Did the nasty darkening Amazons of north-Africa finally reach Ireland en route to the America's? I found plenty of evidence for tracing the American natives' to Amazons.

Gaillons/Gayarts use three white roundels (plates) reflective of the besants on a purple Shield of Pace's, first found in Cheshire. This is not the first time that the purple buckle of Sobeks have been entertained with the purple Pace's. The Buckle's are expected to be from Buchan liners in Aberdeenshire, and then the purple Mondays/Mundays (Fesse cross?) can trace to Mounth (Aberdeenshire). Buckleys/BULLkelys use bulls while Venables' use the motto, "VenaBULIS VINCo." Buckleys should be a Buckle merger with Pollock-suspect Bullocks (share white bull heads with Buckleys), whose motto is that of Vince's, explaining the "vinco" of Venables' and clinching the Venables link to Bullocks / Buckleys / Buckle's. But why are Bullocks simultaneously tracing to Vinkovci? Ask the bend of Jewish Pollocks. Later, there's reason to identify Buchans as a branch of Bacons in close relationship with Pollock liners of the Fleche-Baugency kind, very connectable to Caiaphas suspects at Paris.

VENables' use two fesses in the colors of the Arms-of-FANano fesse, and colors reversed from the two fesses of Gallans/Gallens/Galans. I think that's a really big shoe for fitting Venables' foot into. It should link to the shoe symbol of Trips, first found in the same place as Gallans/Gallens, which reminds that the proto-Alans at Forum Allieni were suspect there with Trypillians. Dallens, who can be linked to Venables' (see their Venour branch below), are using a crescent in the colors of the Krume's, likewise first found in Hamburg. The Krume location of Albania is beside a Has location the namers of which have been suspect with Hazels and therefore with the naming of Aethelings. In the meantime, Albanians named Scottish Alba while the Scotts themselves have been traced to lake Scodra, near the end of the Drilon river, the river of Krume and Has.

As Albino's were first found near Fanano, by what coincidence do Albins share the white bull head of Bullocks / Buckleys while being said to be from St. Evreux, where Venables' are said to have been from? It predicts a Fanano-element link to Gaillon in Evreux. As Montforts are precious to the Arms of Fanano's banner, let's trace Montforts to Monforte and neighboring Montferrat on the Tanaro river, and glean that Gilbert liners, such as Gilbert Venables, are Gela-of-Agrigento elements to the Tanaro. It's a short jump from William V of Montferrat to Guido Guerra and his Guerin ancestry, and then, as I trace Guerin's ancestry to Kanza's Numidians, it's a strong bet that Kanza's line was at the Drago river, and involved there with Gilbert liners, especially the Carrick-related Gilbert surname.

In the Guy/Guise write-up, a Mr. Gyse married Miss Burgh/Burke and therefore acquired ELMORE (in Gloucestershire). Elmore's/Ailmers/Elmers happen to share the same cross as Elnors (!), and even put ravens around it, the Nicholas symbol!! The Alnwicks had proven to be merged with Nichols. It provides more clues on whom the Alnwicks really were. The Cornish chough of Elnors (same design, not the same as ravens) is in the Elmore Crest. All the Elmore birds, in both Coat and Crest, though not the same design, are called, Cornish blackbirds, making this lot suspect with the Birds using the Taddei flory cross in colors reversed. Birds are also suspect in the bird-bolt symbol (an arrow) that can trace to the Massey-Bolt marriage.

The only Burke surname coming up are Irish Burghs (share cat with Chives') from John de Burgo de Conteville, which again argues for his line at Alnwick's Fessy-Burghs. And we saw a Gilbert involved with the Alnwick Fessy-Burghs, and Fessys were first found in the same place as Quincys while Guys/Guise's are using a version of the Quincy Coat. Quincys are suspect with Kanza along with Fessys. It looks like the Guy link to Gilberts (with Yeomans as the paste) can link to Gilbert of the Fessys. Was FulBERT named after a GilBERT line? BERTS, using a version of the Gilbert Coat and throwing the Carrick / Kennedy fitchees upon it, even share the Fessy Crest, though the descriptions use different terminology. The "garland of laurel" of Berts links them to the Stevenson Crest, and Stevensons share the bend of Guy-suspect and Futter-beloved Jays. I think the case has just been made to identify Fulbert with Berts and related Gilberts.

Filberts/Filbeys (Norfolk, same as Fulke's) may have been in the Gilbert transition to "Fulbert." It doesn't look coincidental that Filberts and Fuller-beloved Bacons are both said to descend from elements under William of Warenne. As I think it was correct to trace Ada of Warenne to the Ade's, the Ade and Stevenson bend should link closely to the same of Pollocks and Jays, though the Fessys can take it to the Valentin bend which shares squirrels with Gilberts. The Stevenson bend uses three leopard faces (code for Fessys/Face's) in the colors of the three Valentin squirrels.

We now have a firm link of Chives-suspect Alnwick to Elmore's/Elmers too. As many cartoon productions have proven to use codes for surnames, what about Elmer Fudd, the latter looking like Futters with a Fudes variation! Elmer Fudd was a hunter that chased Daffy Duck and "wabbits," and Daffys/Davids (Cheshire elements) use yet another white-on-red bend, in the three colors of the Ade bend. Daffys/Davids (share "copia") with the Arms of Macclesfield) are suspect with Diva, the alternative name of Chester, ruled by de Gernon, whose lion may be in the Daffy/David Crest. Mecks use a mallard DUCK (!) and share the white-on-red boar head with Mea's/Meighs, seemingly clinching the Macclesfield link to Mea's/Meighs (use the same cross). Daffys/Davids were resolved, to my surprise, with David I of Scotland, and his family had Henry elements in HUNTINGdon, where Ada of Warenne traces with her husband. Elmer Fudd may have been a hunter as code for Huntingdon elements. The Moke's (Sinclair colors), whose "Diis sunt" motto phrase should link to the "desunt" motto term in the Arms of Macclesfield, share the gold Sinclair rooster in Crest, which can be gleaned as the red rooster in the Alnwick Crest, and, by the way, a gold rooster is shared in giant form by Jay-like Gays.

German Gallus', sharing the bendy in the colors of the same of French Demere's, are the Koplik line to the Goplo mouse tower. There is a strong argument here for tracing the Dol Alans to the namers of Gela, then passing through the Clausula, suspect with proto-Glasgow, where the royal Alans came to roost. It does not necessarily contradict the Alan trace to "Aulon," for the latter was near the Apsus river that has traced well to the Hypsas (other name for the Drago), and moreover the Hips' share the red footless martlets with French Alans. "FOOTless" should be code for a Futter line. In fact, while the Futter-loving Fullers use "FermiORI, I had traced Ore's to Oricum, beside Aulon. Gaulons were first found in Anjou, recalling the new suspicion above that Dol-related Pollocks were a Fulbert-Tanner line through the Anjou elements of Tesson-Fontenay-Marmion. The Hips' have a Coat linkable to the Decks/Daggers, whom were traced for years to the Tessin/Ticino before I discovered that Daggers trace to Dexaroi on the Apsus. There is the ancient Bullis location (i.e. like "VenaBULIS") between the Apsus and Aulon on both the dark and light maps:

But the Hips' can't link to Decks/Daggers without also linking by the latter's red squirrel to the same of Gilberts. It's like icing on the cake to find that sentence making sense. Gilberts were Gela liners. And Gela was smack at the Saracen theater that traces to Carricks, whom were descended from the red-squirrel Gilberts without doubt.

The Hampshire Elmers are showing signs of Drake linkage, and as these other Elmers use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mondays, chances are that the one half of the Monday cross is the Elmore cross in colors reversed while the other half is the Fessy cross. The Monday lozenges then stand a good chance to be the Brick / Percy lozenges / fusils. The Giles' use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Hampshire Elmers (same place as Drago-river Drake's), which tends to reveal what's logical, that Elmers were Gela-more liners, so to speak. Elmers, Elnors and Alnwicks were Gela liners that lost their 'G'. Maybe. Tentatively. As I trace "qui" to the Shawia of Aures, why is a "Qui" motto term in the Gail motto?

The Gernon-Percys came to rule Alnwick, and the Gernons can be gleaned in the Gernon "nickname" of Eustace II, whose son was a Bouillon, and then Bouillons likewise use the Bird flory in colors reversed. Birds share red martlets with the Meu-river Henrys. Moke's share large ermine spots with the Brittany Balls/Ballons and look to be using a version of the Balloon/Balaam Coat and Crest, which may indicate the Bouillons were Ballon liners, for Balls/Ballons are also Ballots/Ballets while bird-bolt Bolts are Balts too. Bouillons are kin of Bauds that use upright, white rams linkable to the white upright goats of Filberts, for Bauds and Bouillons were first found in the same place as Fes' that were the Fessys now realized in merger with Gilbert-liner Filberts. The Futters are about to take us to a prominent Gilbert of Kent, and if he links to the Gilbert at Carrick roots, then the Gilbert of Kent can be traced to the Fife area, beside Mounth, itself suspect with the Munday-like Mynetts and Hamon(d)s of Kent.

Futters were first found in Angus, right beside the Balmoral / Mounth theater. There is a Footes location on Guernsey (off the coast from Isle-of-Man-suspect Manche) that I trace to the Gernon motto, and then the Majors, said to have lived on Guernsey, can be a branch of Mere's/Mayers that I trace to "Imair/Imar." It's notable that Imar's Ireland conquests were conducted with his ally, Carbery-like Cerball. In fact, I've just realized that Carvers (same place as Fulke's) almost use the Cake fleur! Sitric Caech was also called, Sigtrygg. Note the "TRIGG" in that term, for Triggs were linkable above to Carberys. Repeat: "[Carvers] just came up as "Carber" when seeking Carbery kin...Sheridons use a lion in the same colors as the Trigg / Drig lion, and these surnames are nearly "Dris." Sheridans use a "CERVus"..." That CARVER topic then went on to CARPENters, kin of Belli's, kin of Fullers (Italian Belli's and Bellino's were first found in Verona, and Varenne's are listed with Verone's). Later in the update, written days before this section, Driscolls become suspect with the Aeder variation of Aedens.

As Sitters are in Trigg colors, it argues for a Sig merger with Trigg liners, while the descendants using "Sitric" went on to form the Sitter surname...that, I'll assume, merged with Setantii so that Sitters were related to Side's/Sudys and Sutys, thus explaining why Sitters are listed with SIDEwells. Sidewells/Sitwells can be gleaned with Settle's that use green, a Trigg and Sidewell color. Saddle's use the Massin/Masin lion, and the latter surname traces to Numidians, where Sitric's ancestry is now being perceived. I can imagine them being from some of the lower-class Massena liners seeking a kingdom for themselves. Siddals/Sidels/Seedalls were first found in the same place as Setantii. Seeds/Cedes'/Seats share pale bars with Sitters, and are honored in the "Tu ne cede" motto phrase (shared by Steers and Myrina-suspect Amore's) that looks like "Tunis," the country of Carthage. In fact, I had come across some good evidence that the motto phrase was in fact code for Tunis liners. This recalls my trace of Malahule to African Mali, but that was apart from the Amore motto, "Tu ne cede MALIS." As Meschins were from Malahule, note that le Meschin traces excellently to king Massena's merger with general Scipio. The colors of the Amore fesse bars and their white talbot head may suggest kinship with Futters.

Elmore's are said to be from a Saxon name, AEDELmaer, looking like their Aetheling line. Their "HALLelujah" motto can be part code for Halls / Hulls that use the talbot heads of Dancers in colors reversed, and the Hall / Hull heads are white, the color of the Futter talbot head! It looks like we may have found the Saxon family of Fulbert. Therefore, if Fulbert "the tanner" was a Saxon on one side, he may have urged the Conqueror to invade the Saxons, knowing of their weak spots, and other details. It's no small point that Elnors and Elmore's both use the Sinclair cross. The Dancers (Carrick-suspects) are traced in their write-up to Mercia, and as they use talbots, the Mercian lady (Lucie) married by Ivo Taillebois must apply here. Ivo-interesting is that Imar (of the Imair) is thought by some to be Ivar the Boneless.

When we load Aedels/Edens ("LIBERTAS", same as Dino's and suspect with Liebers sharing the same fesse as Futters), they use stars in the colors of the same in the Futter Chief. Aedels seem to be using a version of the SITler Coat, first found in the same place (Silesia) as Aedels. That makes Sitlers suspect with Sitters/Sidewells if the latter were indeed from Sitric. The Eden variation can link Aedels to Eatons, first found in Cheshire.

Futters were first found beside Vey-suspect Fife's, and are said to have been involved with an OgilVEY entity. Ogilveys are like "Aeghlmear," the Gaelic version of the Aedels (according to the write-up). Ogilveys were first found beside Aetheling-suspect Atholls (Perthshire). Ogilveys use "a lady" holding a portcullis gate, symbol of Porters/Pawters, probably a branch of Futter-suspect Potters that share the white cinquefoil with Bacons, the latter using them in colors reversed to the same of Poher Pockets. I'm noting the similarity between Poher / Potter, and then while Poher may have been / become a Pother term, Putters/Peutherers (Potter / Porter colors) were first found in Cornwall.

Ladys/Laudymans, kin of the Lord/Laud kin of GLASgows, are suspect with "Lady Fortune" of KLASSens, and Pollocks were first found in the Glasgow area. Pollocks were first found in Renfrewshire, suspect with purple lion Wrens, and then Veys/Vivians use the purple lion too. It's suggesting that some Renfrew-Glasgow elements were in the Fife theater. Fortune's use a talbot in both colors of the Futter talbot, thus linking the Ogilveys to the Fuller motto! It recalls that English Forts (two stars in Chief!) use "audax" in the motto, like the "Audacter" of Pollocks. The two Fort-Chief stars are even in the colors of the two in the Chief of Fuller-beloved Bacons/Beacons. If Forts are using the McLeod/Cloud castle, the Forts / Pollocks can trace with the Clauds/CLAUSELs to the Clausula river, where I trace the Lady-Fortune Klassens. McLeod septs include Herods and Haralds (share the Meschin fesse in both colors), the ones suspect with Harald, father of ">Maccus. While Maccus formed the Mackeys, they lived at Sitter-like Sutherland, and Sutherlands share red stars with Aedels / Futters.

Suthers (Guy / Pollock / Ade fesse?) were first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Carpenters that share the Belli motto, and while another Belli surname shares the beacon with Fullers, there you have a good way to link Suthers to Fullers / Futters. Note how the Suther eagle can be the COUNTERchanged one of Putters.

Now, let's go back to the Gilbert-Venables line suspect from Sicily's Gela peoples through the Drago river, for I just bumped into an aging email I sent to someone inquiring on the Venables surname (Drake wyvern). I was led or at that time to an online article telling that the Veneur surname was ancestral to Gilbert Venables of Cheshire. The Venours/Fennors (same lion as Irish Dallens), from barons in Cheshire under Hugh Lupus, use BOTTONy crosses, tending to bring the Buttons into the picture once again, first found in the same place as Drago-suspect Drake's. And it was Buttons that were suspect with Futters. As Venables' were suspect with Fanano, it's notable that D'Allen-suspect Dallens (same lion as English Stewarts) use a fesse in colors reversed from the same as Fanano, and the fesse of Dols. The eight-pointed Dallen stars traces well to Alan-related Stur liners. The Dol whale can easily be for Guelan-like kin of Whelans/Failins.

Venours/Fennors may be more-in-particular Banner liners from the Panaro, honored in the Fanano banner. The Panaro may have been named by oak-using Panico's/Pane's sharing the oak tree with German Dallens.

On the very day that I first bumped into Agrigento, its Drago-related elements were traced to the Stura valley of Cuneo, near the Tanaro. The Stura traces to the Stur, in Hampshire, where Drake's were first found. In other words, Drago-river Gela must have been on the Tanaro with proto-Alans that I say named Langhe (or, perhaps, was named by cousins of the Gela liners), and these were indeed proto-Alans of Dol. But in keeping with my trace of proto-Alans to Forum Allieni at Ferrara, I need to trace the Gela there too, and then the Fullers, which must be the Tanaro line to Fulbert "the tanner," use a "FERMIora" motto term that can be code for Fermans/Forhams suspect with Forum Allieni (expect some Gallieni-like names). The Fermans (anchor traces to Agrigento) use the lion in the colors of the rampant lion of Italian Gauls/Gallini's/Gallons. The Montforts of Fanano and the Panaro were smack at Langhe, and the Montfort location in Brittany is on the Meu, near Dol.

As Maccus liners are expected with Meschins, the Gernon-suspect Foots / Fothes' can prove to be Futter liners, especially as Fothes'/Fuddes' were first found beside Futters. The Foots were first found in Cheshire, an argument in itself for Futter links to Maccus. While Futter-loving Fullers use "FermiORA" as part-code for Ore's, the Ore's share the cornucopia with Fothes'/Fuddes'. The derivations in the write-ups between Foots and Fothes are not the same, which is why you can't always trust the write-ups as having any measure of expertise. The Foots and Fothes are using the same Coat, essentially, in Lafin/La Font / Conte colors, which is mentioned because the red Foot griffin has a flag, as does the red Font-de-Ville lion. Flags are listed with Flecks sharing the Meschin scallops, and Foots / Fothes are evident in the motto of Gernons. To put it another way, Foots and Fothes are colors reversed from the Meschin fesse, and Meschins had ancestry in Conteville's. Herluin de Conteville married the daughter of Fulbert "the tanner," and thus the Futters can trace to him if only the Fullers were his line. And that's what it looks like.

Futters led to the Elmore's, said to be named AEDELmaer by the Saxons. But this seems to deny an "Elmore" trace to a "Gela" term such as Gilmore's. Perhaps we are being lied to when "El" is claimed to be a short form of "Aedel." Perhaps the historians just guessed wrongly because they knew Aethelings to be linked closely to Elmore liners. Gilmore's use "dabITUR," a sure sign of a trace to Kanza. And Gilmore's were even first found in Aures-suspect Ayrshire. It checks out. The Gilmore Crest: "A garland of laurel," the description of the Filbert-related Berts.

Athols are using the same castle, possibly, as McLeods. The Aethel Coat compares not-bad with the Coat of Sitric-suspect Sitters/Sidewells so that the Maccus-related Saxons may trace to Aedels. To put this another way, the AedelMAER = Elmore line has just traced the Maccus-Saxon union to Alnwich, especially as I traced Mere's/Maire's (Cheshire) to Maccus' ancestor (can't recall his name's spelling). Maers are listed with MAURmanns, possibly a branch of the Fontenay-related Marmions/MERRIMANs.

The "A fin" motto of Ogilveys may suggest the "La fin" phrase that is for Lafins/La Fonts, the latter expected with the Fuller-Fountain line. Lafins were first found in Tipperary, while Tippers were first found in the same place (Cornwall) as Veys/Vivians, which is where the Cornish chough traces. I can't recall the details of the Gilbert fellow in Carrick ancestry, but do recall the Carrick line of Fife elements. The Ogilvey write-up traces to a Gilbert, first earl of Angus, who served as witness to a grant to a MonyFODE location (Futter / Fothes suspect), and to Arbroath abbey. I've just found that Fode's motto) are listed with Ogilveys! And they use a lion in the colors of the Font-de-Ville lion.

Were Foots n-less Fonts? Is that why Foots use a red griffin waving a flag while Font-de-Villes use a red lion waving a flag?

I expect the Fode/Ogilvey lion to be the Dreux lion too. The Drago river is expected in naming Evreux, where Agrigento-suspect Venables' came from, and the Venables-related Venours use an upright lion in the colors of the same of Font-de-Ville's. If Venours do trace to FANano, it makes the latter look like Font liners, perhaps the Ventura's ("Venour" with a 't'). In fact, Ventura's (bendy in Venables colors) show a Tura variation, and list "Turin," which becomes suspect with the St. Tauren location of Evreux, where Albins/Aubins had lived. Albino's of the Fanano theater then share the trefoil with the Foots. But that's not all, for the Foot and Font-de-Ville flag must once have been a banner, code for the Panaro, where Albino's lived! It was probably changed to a flag when the Flag variation of Flecks developed. Flags/Flecks even share double fesse bars with Venables'.

Ceraunii of Manche and It's Black-Mountain Liners

This is a good place to talk about ACROCeraunium, beside Aulon, which I trace to CROCiatonum, at Alauna in Manche (on-shore from Guernsey, location of Footes). First, AcroCERAUNium is named after the Ceraunii mountains to the near-south of Aulon. But there are a Ceraunii peoples shown beside the Maezaei in Illyria, and so this speaks to the Masseys of Manche. The reader may have an objection to tracing the Acro-Ceraunium term to "Croc" because the first term is not rooted in "Croc." But the peoples of Acroceraunium may have gone on naming themselves by Crocer-like terms. This is a fair explanation for Alauna at Crociatonum, also called, CRONCiaconnum.

The Cranks not only have the same lion as Maschi's, but as Masci liners have proven overwhelmingly to use left-hand = sinister symbols, ditto for the Crank bend that divided the Shield colors. Cranks were first found in Lancashire, where I expect Maccus liners. The red scallop in the Crank canton can link well to the same of Tancreds because they were from Hauteville, in or near Manche (I can't recall which). When reading over the details on the Hauteville's, I found that their alternative names included Hulse's, and very identifiable with Halls (Lincolnshire) and Hulls. It explained why English Hulse's (Cheshire again, expected from Manche, right?) share piles, in Hall / Hull colors, with Guiscards.

It was the DANCERs who were found using the Hull / Hall talbot heads in colors reversed when checked them for being a branch of "TANCRed." And Halls / Hulls are using talbots for the line of le-Meschin and his wife. Truly, heraldry never gets far from Massey liners, a thing I could not prove until the past year or so. There were hints of it in years gone by, but I could never prove whether the symbols of surnames linked closely or not with Massey liners. I now have a better handle on things, and can see Massey liners easily, for the most part. Banisters are in the Meschin write-up, and were first found in the same place as Cranks. Banisters were in Yorkshire with Meschins of Skipton, where Hulls lived. Banisters use the fleur in colors reversed to the Sale's (said to be Saxons), and the latter are traced to a "dining hall," which is nonsense, code for Halls and Dine's, the latter using the white wing that was previously showing in the Masci Coat. It's upside down in the Dine Coat, as is the helmet of Taillebois-suspect Ivo's/Ibers. Repeat: "English Helms share the Sale pheon on the Sale bend, while German Helms use a helmet in the colors of the Ivo helmet." Dine's/Dives' are easily gleaned as Masci liners in Diva = Chester.

German Hulse's were the eye-opener when first found using the House / Hazel leaf, and first found in Dusseldorf. By that time, I came to know that Dussels were using the Hazel fesse, and moreover, Hazels were, once again, first found in Cheshire. Why is the Hulse leaf upside-down? Is it just a play on the contrariness implied by the left-hand theme, or is it code for some Down entity? I have read that heraldry is stern on having symbols face the right side (viewer's left), which can only mean that left-hand symbolism has been protected and reserved for Masci liners. It floored me to find that mythical Mucius / Mucianus liners had a left-hand symbol (Mucius Scaevola lost his right hand and got a left-hand symbol).

Next, let's show the Crockers/Croke's (ravens), first found in the same place as English Stewarts, whom I traced to the raven-depicted vikings that were viewed as the proto-Alans. I had not yet known, not until about a year ago, that proto-Alans were at Alauna. And so one can see that Crockers/Croke's are from Crociatonum. Like several surnames I've noted, the Crockers/Croce's use the format and colors of Exeters (Devon). This reminds that Devon's namers can trace to Diva. The Devons use ducks, a symbol that was showing for French Alans until they started using the Henry martlets.

Eschyna de Molle married a Mr. Croce, also spelled, "Croc," and it just so happens that Irish Crocs use the so-called sleeve, sometimes called a maunch, because the English channel off of Manche, location of Guernsey/Footes, is called, The Sleeve. Scottish Crocs (Shropshire) use FOOTless martlets in colors reversed from the same of French Alans, expected because Eschyna also married an Alan-Stewart. So, one Coat is the Eschyna-Alan line to royal Scotland, and the other Crocs are the Eschyna-Croc line, I assume, but there are also the potent-cross Croce's, with "fido" motto term that is a surname listed with Fothes'! Surprise. I can see why the crutch was cleverly made a symbol of potent-cross liners and FOOTLESS liners together, but in order for this to work, the Crutch surname had to be listed with, or merged with, Croc(e)s. It turns out the Crutch's show CROUCH/CROOCH variations. "Potent" does not play to the lame theme, however, and that is simply code for Patents who merged with Crutch / Croce liners. Crutch's use a formee cross, the symbol in the mouth of the Croce-Crest stork.

Italian Croce's use a lion in colors reversed from the CRICHton lion, begging the question on whether talbot- / Taillebois=liner Carricks are Crociatonum liners. Didn't the Aulon entity trace through Agrigento, as do Carricks?

Next, we go to the Kronkite's and compare with "Cronciaconnum." We find Kronkite's with a crane having a rock in its FOOT, and Foot liners trace to Meschins. We are discussing well-planned designs, not whims or fancies, and yet the heraldic masters haven't informed the world of this secret. Shame.

The CRONciaconnum term seems to be play on the Ceraunii that were at the root of Crociatonum, if indeed it was an entity from AcroCERAUNium. It works excellently, explaining why a Croc entity developed, and then had a name change to reflect the Ceraunii. You can expect them to be in Crane-like surnames. Stewarts share ragully with Crane's: "...a black crane standing on a green staff ragully in base." You can therefore expect STAFFARDs to be STEWART liners, if not a Stewart branch, which can explain why Staffards use a chevron in the colors of the Alan fesse. The other Crane's/Crauns use a fesse in colors reversed from the Alan fesse. Alans lived at Alauna, didn't they, and were kin to Acroceraunium liners there, weren't they?

We read that Ralph de Toeni built a castle in Stafford, and was the first to take on the Stafford name. But wait. Who named it in the first place? Why is the Stafford Crest "A swan's head emerging from a red ducal CORONet..."? It's the Ceraunii, right?

It's necessary for Stewarts to link to Sturs (fesse bars in the colors of the Alan fesse) and therefore to STURlings/Stirlings, and it just so happens that the latter use a version of the fesse-with-buckles of the Stubbs, first found in Stubb-like Staffordshire. It has the tendency to reveal that Stewarts were not named such as per their being High Stewards of Scotland, but, rather, they were called Stewards because they went by a similar name beforehand. Why are Sturs also listed as STOWARs? And why are French Sturs, using bars in the same colors as Sturs/Stowars, first found in Manche???

So, proto-Alans of Aulon trace to the Stura river, which is where I traced Agrigento liners before knowing of Aulon, before knowing of Alauna or Crociatonum, before knowing that Stewarts trace also to Lyncestis at the sources of the Apsus, before knowing that the "VIREscit" motto term of Stewarts and potent-line Brocks (see Brocuff potent) was part-code for the Vire river at Manche, and part-code for potent-liner Skits / Skeets'.

It seems that Sturs/Stowars are a branch of Staffords/Staffards, but this creates a difficulty in that I can't trace the one entity to both the naming of the Stura and to the naming of Stobi in Paeonia. It's either one or the other, unless the namers of both locations merged, and this is where ASTIbus of old Paeonia must trace to Asti on the Tanaro, near the Stura, the waters of which eventually make their way to the Tanaro. Plus, the DENTHeletae location at Paeonia seems to be in play in the "CeDANT" motto term of Staffords. The Stubb "eagle" can now be viewed as a phoenix, which, along with the Stubb pheons, suggests the Paeoni. If the Stubbs called it a phoenix, people would realize that pheons are like "phoenix," and someone might realize further that Stubbs are from Stobi of Paeonia. That would start a chain reaction, with people realizing that people once knew of their origins in far-off places. People might start to investigate heraldry to find similar code work, and then the sky would fall on those wanting to keep the secrets.

The Hankens (ducks) use "A demi-phoenix issuing from flames", and it's the same bird design used by Stubbs. no guff. If either design changes, I've checked; they're identical, and they are both gold. Stubbs call it a "demi-eagle." I'll tell of a third surname using it, I think, likewise in gold: the Trents, first found in the same place (Somerset) as Hankens. The Trent description: "A gold demi eagle rising with a laurel branch in its mouth." The "rising" part is emblematic of the phoenix, yet may also be code for Rise's because a Rize location has been historical not far from Lake Van. It's all extremely important for tracking the devil's cult, because I claimed that the red eagle of Tarents/Tarans was a phoenix, because I traced mythical Pan from Lake Van (location of Tarun) to Panias, the latter a real location in Phoenicia that by all appearances named the mythical Phoenix = satan. The Pan trace from Van to Panias was years before realizing that the Phoenix applied, and years before tracing the Tarent and Trent eagles to the phoenix. I didn't know that the Trent eagle (partially obscured) could be in the design of the Hanken phoenix until this past week. The Hanken bird may be the only heraldic phoenix I've encountered (this week) in a Coat description, which is too odd. One expects many phoenix in heraldry.

You might have gotten the impression that Hankens/Ankens were Anaki through Panias. I hope you realize; the use of the phoenix doesn't make a surname or people-group respectable or awesome. The Hanken motto, "Vi et animo," likely reveals that "animo" is code for Nimo's in other surnames, for Nimo's were first found in Stirlingshire, and are in Staffords / Stewart / Stur / Duck colors. They even share the Seaton/Satin/Sitten crescents for a potential trace to Sidonians at Laish, right beside Panias. Again, French Stewarts once showed ducks, the Hanken symbol too.

German Ducks are interesting for at least two reasons: 1) using the barry with 11 bars horizontal, nearly the number of the same of Cavetts; 2) having Ducker/Ducken/Ducher variations like the Dusser/Dussen variations of Dusseldorfs, first found in the same place (Westphalia) as Duckers/Duckens. Cavetts are the ones having variations like those of Chives', the latter sharing "vi" with Hankens. FiztAlans descended from Luisa of Ceva, at the Cevetta river.

English and Scottish Ducks are in Alan / Stafford colors. Ask: why is the Stafford swan emerging from a DUCal coronet rather than a mural coronet? Code for Ducks? Well, maybe Ducks of the Duce/Douce's kind, first found in Staffordshire, showing two lions in pale in Stafford colors, and they are the Bramton lions. Duke's, in German-Duck colors, were first found in Devon, same place as Stewarts, beside Hankens and Trents.

The Dussers/Dussels, by the way, are using trefoils linkable to the Albins/Aubins, likewise first found in the same place as English Stewarts. The Dussel-related Hazels show a squirrel in Crest that can link to Duck-like Decks and Dyke's, suggesting that the Alan ducks are really code for Dexaroi (Dassaretae) liners off the Apsus, kins of Hips' that share the French-Alan symbol, the footless martlets that are the Alan alternative to ducks in the same red-on-white colors. It's telling that the namers of Aulon had kinship with Dexaroi probably when engaging the Alan-liner Lyncestis entity.

Note the KODRium location (dark map on the middle Apsus, for CUTTERs use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Brocks and Brocuffs, Stewart kin, and in colors reversed from the same of Saluzzo's, mother of the FitzAlans of Clun. Cutters: "A gold dragon's head erased with a mural CORONet around its neck with a laurel branch in its mouth."

While viewing the Apsus, spot Corragum on the north side of Antipatria, for both locations were part of the Dexaroi field. As we saw Carricks tracing to the red squirrel shared by Decks and Dyke's, and as I figured that Carricks and Alans together were at Acragas/Agrigento, at the Apsus-like Hypsas, it seems a certainty that proto-Carricks were at the Corragum location...meaning that Caracalla and the Saraca's should trace to its namers, it not to the location itself. That tends to identify the Kotor location of Saraca's with the namers of Kodrium. This should explain the multiple bars, in Bar / Cutter colors, of the German Ducks, for Kotor is near Bar.

Now, recalling that Marjorie Carrick's father was from the rulers of Mar, which place had become suspect with Maronia, and with Marone's, let's talk about the Italian Marone's, for they use the black-on-white Zionist stars of Bernice's, who were in-turn traced to the fesse in the Arms of Saraka. Italian Marone's also use an anchor for a trace to Agrigento, and moreover use suffixes suspect with anchor-using Kyle's, first found in the same place as Carricks. As Marone's look like "brown" to Latins, by what coincidence did the earls of Mar use the same bend as Italian Bruno's? Bar liners? Bruno's are traced in their write-up to Asti, on the Tanaro, where proto-Stewarts need to trace.

It looks like the Raggs, using the same bend as Bruno's, can trace to Ragusa along with the ragully feature of Stewarts. We saw ragully used also by the Crane's, who trace to the Ceraunii at Epirus, home of MOLossians, and we saw Eschyna de MOLLE linking to Crociatonum elements that trace to AcroCERAUNium (Epirus too). And the other Marone's, from Ireland, share the Molle boar head in both colors. In colors reversed, it becomes blue, the color of the boar in the Crest of Barone's. Italian Barone's, from the same place as Bruno's, use bendy in half the colors of the same of Merreys/Merits/Merais' (three red bends). Do you think the earls of Mar can trace to the namers of Marusium on the near-north of Corragum?

I was notified by a reader that mythical Hector de Maris (Arthurian stupids) was given three red bends in red on white, not the colors of the three Merrey/Merais bends, but we can make the connection sure enough. It's the Hectors that use three red-on-white bends, you see, and they were from the Angus theater, location roughly or exactly also of the Mars. In an online article entitled, "ARTHURIAN HERALDRY": "Ector de Maris (Hector des Mares) (Half-brother to Lancelot) Arms: Bendy gules and argent, a sun in splendor azure." It's the Hector Coat, a real surname that the Arthurian stupids put into storybook fantasy, and real people actually believe the stories to be real, but the stupids won't fesse-up that the stories are fables. Some people spend much time seeking the identity of the people in real history, but the stupids don't care.

"Maris" can trace to "MARUSium." And, as I said that Keturah traces to mythical Hector, as well as to Kodrium and Kotor, both near Marusium, I think such claims have got to be correct in all their parts, but there is also the claim I am now taking to readers, that Keturah's husband, Abraham, traces through Priam, father of Hector, as well as to Bramtons suspect in the two lions just seen with the Duce's that seemed to trace to the Dexaroi smack at the Marusium theater!

The Arthurian son of Ector was made Kay, and sometimes there were multiple characters with the same name pretended to be different people, but a code is a code, and so, where there are two Ectors, or two Kays, they are the same surname, or branches thereof. One the page quoted from above: "Kay the Stranger (Keu d'Estraus, Kay de Stranges, Kainus le Strange) (Nephew of Karados) Arms: Or, two bars-gemels sable." It looks like the cult viewed the Strange surname, sharing two lions in pale with Bramtons / Duce's, as a branch of Strauss' (Jews / Hebrews), though "ESTRaus" also looks like "Ishtar," the Istria line to Bar-related Este's at Bramton-related BRUNswick (two pale lions in colors reversed from the two of Bramtons), and to Stur liners along with the "STREnue" motto term of Pollocks, descended from Istria. The Arthurian Arms of this Kay-Stranger code are two black BARs, gemel style, on gold background. I don't know what it refers to, but Kays do use two black bendlets, on white, colors reversed from the Straus bend, which itself has the Hulse leaf, which is the Hazel leaf too.

While on it, let's quote another from the page: "Safere (Saphar) (Brother of Palomides, son of Esclamor) Arms: Per pale vair and chequy or and vert." That is, the mythical SAFERE character is given green-and-white checks, the colors of the SPARK and Radice checks, and this was traced to SEPHAR-suspect SUBRadice / Sub Radice. That was a topic of last month, before I saw this entry. The PALOmides character would seem to be in the pale feature of the Safere Arms. The Pale's use a camel, that I trace to Nahorites, likely kin of the Joktanite Hebrews at Biblical Sephar. "PaloMIDES" may be clue that Hebrews trace to king Midas. ASCLamor looks like Asclepios, grandson of Peleg-suspect Phlegyas, and then the Paley variation of Pale surname looks like it can be from "Peleg." Pelagonia is right beside Lyncestis (suggesting the Alan-Pollock relationship), and Pale's use the earl-of-Mar bend in colors reversed. Peleys are listed with Pelle's using a PELAGONia-suspect PELICAN, symbol of royal Stewarts that had merged with the line of Isabella of Mar.

Now, recall that Ceraunii were fundamental with Alauna at Manche, for Asclepios was made son of Coronis, suggesting a Ceraunii link to Phlegyas-related Pelagonia. On the dark map, Pelagonia is written right through Stobi so that one can identify the proto-Alans and their kin from Stobi clear to the coast at Aulon and Acroceraunium (Acrocerautae on the light map).

I have just seen a Pella location in Emathia. Pella is on a lake into which the Aestraeus river pours, a term like mythical Estraus above. This river begins at the end of the word, Lyncestae. Pella is between Thessalonica and Thessaly, home of Ixion, son of Phlegyas. Pella is near Lete, Ashurus and Sindus, all three linked to Keturah liners in the last update. As the Emathia-like Mathie surname uses the MacArthur crown while Arthurs use the pelican along with an "ImPELLE" motto term, I think we can trace special Arthur kin and Mathie's to Pelle at Emathia. Plus, as Mathie's are also Manns and Maghans, I trace them to Irish Manns/Maghans said to be from "Mathuna," and the latter share red lions in pale with, in colors reversed from, Aestraeus-suspect Strange's! Keturah-related Bramtons use red lions in pale too. It looks like mythical Kay of the Strange bloodline traces to this area of Macedonia. I'm convinced that Strange's were from the Aestraeus, and that the Arthurian historians knew it.

I've just noted a Scydra location along near the Aestraeus that I haven't emphasized previously. As the river flows through downtown Emathia, the latter and Scydra together evoke the Mathis river near lake Scodra. There was a Skudra in Thrace somewhere not known. Near Thrace's Subradice, a Beroea location that is spelled the same, on the white map, as the dark map's Berrhoea, to the side of Emathia. This bear-like location can identify the bear definition (that I don't agree with as the original reason for the surname) in the write-up of Manns/Maghans.

Scydra is at the end of "Lyncestae," which can reveal that it's the root of the Skits / Skeets' because Alans of Lyncestae had traced by their lynx symbol to Alauna, location of the Vire river in the "VireSCIT" motto term of Stewarts. As Brocks use the same motto while Brocuffs use the red potent cross of Skits and Skeets', the sphinx of Brocuffs and Hips' is coming to mind along with the pyramid of Fisks, for there is a Physca location to the near-south of Scydra. The "PELLEscire" motto term of potent-line Patents and pelican-using Pullens has just come to mind!

Fisks share "sic" with Manns/Maghans, and moreover use an ASTRA motto term!!! The Fisk trace to Physca has been clinched along with a Mann/Maghan trace to something from Emathia region.

The Eordea area through Physca can explain the Jordans of Brittany, first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Fisks! Eordea is beside Orestia and Orestis, while that's suspect in the "rest" symbol of Arthurs. It traces surely to Orestia (Thrace) on the light map), at the mouth of the Arda river. The HURT of Irish Arthurs can then be suspect with the namers of EORDia. The Eordaei peoples on the light map are where the Marusium (Hector-de-Maris suspects) location is on the dark map. As Fisks were deemed kin of Cliffs/Cleave's, note that while Hector was made the father of Kays/Keys, and while the Cleavers/Clavers and Claviere-related Clermonts use the key, Clare's were likewise first found in Suffolk.

Eordea became suspect with Gordias, father of king Midas, because the latter's origins are said to be from mount Bermius (light map), but as that mountain is smack at Physca, the Fisk PYRAMid appears to be code for the namers of BERMius. We then go back to mythical PaloMIDES, which suggests that he's code for Pella liners merged with something at Bermius, and it just so happens that Pale's are the reason for heraldic pale bars...used by Fisks! The Arthurian Fisher King is coming to mind. Bermium can be suspect with Priam liners out of Parium/Parion, which I trace to the naming of Parnassus in Thessaly. This is a good reason to link the multiple Hectors of Arthurian myth to the Physca liners.

Beside the mouth of the river upon which Physca is located, a Methone location that can be suspect with the namers of Emathia. While Mathie's/Manns use the MacArthur crown, the Mathis' share a moline with MacArthurs. The first-known Maccabee liner was Matthew Hasmonean of Modi'in. The Fisks share the estoile with Motts. English Mathie's/Matthews share the red scallop with Pullens, and use the triple Clare chevrons in colors reversed. Mathie's/Matthews also share blue wings in Crest with Aures-liner Here's.

Furthermore, Fisks share the estoile (right on the pyramid, important) with Feschs and Carberys while there is a Carabia location to the near-east of the Aestraeus river. It can make the estoile liners originate at Aestraeus. Carabia is on the Axius river out of Paeonia. German Fishers/Fischs share the white-on-blue fish with Pesci's. Note that the English Fishers use a spread, gold eagle in Crest that has wings lower than the gold eagle now suspect as the phoenix. The phoenix design also has a band-like pattern around the neck which is not upon the Fisher eagle.

As Fieschi of Genoa are suspect in a relationship with the Segni's/SEGURana's (MacArthur moline in colors reversed) of Genoa, see this: "Segwarides (SEGURades) (Brother of Palomides) Arms: Or, a mountain sable." The Claviere's, who likewise used the key, had married French Mountains. It all predicts that Fessys were from the namers of Physca, and then Fisks use "ITUR" as code for Idris of Morocco, whose son ruled at Fes/Fez. As his wife is a line to Kenneths, note that Kenneths/Kenzie's use, "Sic itur as astra," almost the Fisk motto ("Sic Itur AD astra"). An amazing coincidence it is not. The families knew their ancestry in Idris, and they had to do with Genoa elements. The "Sub" motto term of Fessys may knowingly be for Sub-Radice liners. Manns/Maghans use a "sacra" motto term that could be for Segur liners, for MacArthurs use the Seagar moline. The "ad" in the Fisk motto may be for Ade's in the SegurADES code.

Back to the old maps. As per the Brian-Boru topic that follows, there is a BRYANium location at Lyncestes that looks linkable to Brigantium/Briancon. Brians use three lions in pale partly in the colors reversed from the same of Manns/Maghans, meaning that the Brian lions are partly in Strange-lion colors. The lions of English Fishers could easily be the Brian lions. Note that English Fishers are using the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Letts/Letts.

Here is from the Arthur-heraldry page: "Sadok (Brother or cousin to Edward of Orkney) Arms: Argent, a fesse wavy sable." We can ask whether Saddocks are at play here, and why they are linked to an Edward family in Orkney. The Lett/Lete ORGAN pipes come to mind. As Brians are expected in cahoots with the Ark river, beside Briancon, note that Saddocks use a form of the Chaddock Coat, the latter used by the Ark-river Chamberlains. As the organ code was resolves as code for Organs, Corrigans and Hare's/Garrys, all using lizards, it's notable that the Brians with the Lett-suspect Shield are using a version of the dancetty Shield of English / Scottish Hare's.

Looking into the Edwards, the Welsh ones are said to descend from prince Madoc while Maddocks were first found in HEREfordshire. Amazingly, we find more lions in pale in the Maddock Coat, and a Crest sword looking linkable to the same in a Brian Crest, for the Maddock lions are in the colors of the Brian lions. English Edwards share the stag-head design of Kenneths. Welsh Edwards are said to be from Salisbury elements, and we do find Edward of Salisbury in the Salisbury write-up. As the Maddock lions (in the colors of the one Salisbury lion) are in the colors of the two ABREU lions, while the latter's are facing one another, like the two in the Salisbury Crest, and as Edward of Salisbury is said to be the son of "Walter de EVREUX (Devereux)", it seems clear enough that Salisburys/SALESburys were Sale liners from the Salto, beside Abruzzo, for the Abreu surname is listed with Abruzzo's, and their lions became the two lion-leopards in the Arms of Normandy because they named Evreux.

So, as Brians have looked like Edward-Maddock kin, it seems that Brians likewise use the Abreu lions, reminding that Briancon is on the Durance river of the Salesbury-like Salyes Ligures, while the Salto flows beside the Durance-like Turano. As Maceys are suspect on the Ark, it should explain why English Edwards look to be using a version of the Macey Shield. Ranulph le Meschin was son of Brigantia-like Briquessart.

As Caiaphas has been suspect with Key liners in my work, while Mathis' share the Chives moline in both colors, or, as mythical Kay had variations reflecting "CAIA(phas)", or, as the heraldic Chief is much like "CAIAPH(as), or, as the key-using Chiava's have a Chiapponi variation, by what coincidence are the Cavii (dark map) on the Mathis river (light map)? Then, as Ade's are in the Levi motto, is it a coincidence that Levi's use black-on-gold chevrons looking like mountains, while we just read above that SegurADES was given the Arms, Or, a mountain sable, that being a black-on-gold mountain? The Claviere's who married Mountains (I've read it and recorded it in the updates) link well to the Claro's/Charo's in the motto of English Josephs. At houseofnames, the Claviere's do not show the key, but the description at Swyrich says: "A red shield with a silver saltire between four silver keys." Mountains (Languedoc) use a saltire surrounded with four silver bulls.

As English Mountains are in the same colors but using only a bend, and as it's in the colors of the earl-of-Mar bend, I'll bet a pile of Jesus-killers that Mountains trace to Mounth. English Mountains use footLESS martlets while Leslie's and Fothes' were first found in Aberdeenshire, location of the earls of Mar, Mounth, and Tarves of the Chives'. In this picture, the FITCHee crosses of Tarves' (Mountain colors) look like code for the Fittes variation of Fothes'. English Mountains were first found in the same place as CAEPIO-suspect Quints, and Fothes' use a cornuCOPIA (traces with Ore's to Ceraunii elements). The Fothes' and Foots use a black-on-gold mountain, ah, er, chevron! The "Industria" motto of Fothes has been resolved as code for Dusters, who use the Barnstaple bend, while Barnstaple is in the same place (Devon) as where Chives' were first found.

It's interesting that while French Mountains were first found in the same place as Font-de-Ville's, some Mountain variations, like Mountenay, rhyme with "Fontenay." Foots are the ones with the red-griffin-and-flag suspect with the red-lion-and-flag of Font de Ville's. Flags/Flecks are likely from the house of La Fleche-Baugency, a member of which was "Elias I (also Hélie or Élie) (died 11 July 1110), called de la Fleche or de Baugency, was the Count of Maine, succeeding his cousin Hugh V, Count of Maine." With French Josephs first found in Maine, and using the FOOTLESS martlet, and with Chappes' first found in Ile-de-France with Fothes- / Foot- / footless-suspect Levi's, and with Odo II appearing on Elias' Wikipedia page, see here:

"Odo II (French: Eudes le Champenois) (983 - 15 November 1037) was the Count of Blois...and Meaux (as Odo I) from 1022. He twice tried to make himself a king: first in Italy after 1024 and then in Burgundy after 1032." That in itself suggests the royal-Italian house of Rozala, partly from Burgundy (as Bosonids), and partly in Tuscany, the latter where the Taddei's lived that use the white flory cross that I think I see on the Shield of Odo at his Wikipedia painting. Taddei's use three red chevrons, as does the Arms of Eure-et-Loir to the south side of Ile-de-France, where Odo's Meaux location sits.,_Count_of_Blois

The Eure-et-Loir chevrons were traced to the same of the Water surname that I traced to Bouchard II of MontMorency's founding. Montmorency is at Ile-de-France along with Meaux, and the WATER bouget was traced to the Bouchard name, which checked out in the Bouchard variation of Bouget-like Buckets. The Arms of Meaux uses what looks like a water bouget. I've never seen a water bouget in the Arms of a location until now, and it's right where I had traced it. The BOUGet now becomes suspect with "BOUGency." While the Levi-colored Bugs (same place as Annas') use water bougets, German Bugs, in the same colors (expected with Bougency-like Bogans / Bogens), once showed three footless martlets in the colors of the Joseph martlets. Therefore, Joseph Caiaphas, the Levi's, and the Chappes' are suspect with the Baugency line at Meaux.

Odo's wife, after he died, married king Robert of France, and the latter was previously married to Rozala of Italy above, whose mother (WILLA of Tuscany) was traced by heraldic clues to the naming of WILLliam the Conqueror, and, besides, his father-in-law was from likely an Italian from Tanaro elements. Rozala married the count of Flanders (Baldwin IV) that was part of the Bouillon circle, and Bouillons share the Taddei flory in the same colors. While on that investigation, not many weeks ago, I found the write-up of Irish Touts traces to a BERENGER de Todeni (like the Tadini variation of Taddei's), son of the Conqueror's father, but I could find nothing else online to echo that Tadini link to the Conqueror's father. I never did get back to seeking whether there was truth in that claim, but I was far from denying the possibility outright. But here I now find: "About 1003/4 [Odo above] married Maud of Normandy, a daughter of Richard I of Normandy." Richard I was the great-grandson of the Conqueror. This same Richard had married Odo's mother, of Burgundy, same place as Rozala's mother, who married king BERENGER II (styled "of Ivrea", a location on the Bautica river to which I traced Bouillons years ago). It therefore appears that Taddei's had a line to Odo, and to the Arms of Eure-et-Loir, and to the Water surname.

"[Elias of Maine] was the son of Jean de la Fleche and Paula, daughter of Herbert I, Count of Maine." Elias' daughter married Fulk V of Anjou, king of Jerusalem, not blessed by God. It should explain why the Shield in the Arms of Meaux is split vertically in colors reversed from the same of the Fulke Shield. Fulke's "Qui" motto term) were first found in the same place as Flecks, and the Tute's who mention Berenger de Todeni. It looks like the blood of Caiaphas was on the Templar throne, and that Taddei's/Tadini's trace to both the first king of Templar Jerusalem (de-Bouillon's brother), and to Fulk V. Taddei's share three chevrons with Levi's, and to this it should be added that the Tous'/Tosini's, like "Todeni," can trace well to the Tessin/Ticini river, home of the Laevi Gauls.

Richard I of England married Berengaria. He was the count of Maine too because he was the great-great grandson of Elias above. It's Very-Fairy interesting that Elias' daughter married Fulk V, for the Verys/Fairy use the plough while The Ploughs/Plows (Shropshire) are said to have received their white-on-blue fleur-de-lys from king Richard I, when he gave it to Roger Plowden after his assistance in the invasion upon Acre (Israel). If it was Jerusalem they wanted to protect, why were they attacking Acre? And all the way up to Syria? How many peoples did they destroy on this "holy" quest? Ploughs/Plows happen to share a fesse-dancette with Carricks.

Checking the Richard surnames, none show a fleur-de-lys, but the Brittany Richards are in all three Plow colors. English Richards, first found in Yorkshire with Crags, are in Crag colors, and are using the Bruce-of-Yorkshire lion, which jibes with "Lionheart," the term applied to Richard I. By the way, "As Duke of Gloucester, Richard [III of England] used the Royal Arms of England quartered...His motto was Loyaulte me lie, 'Loyalty binds me'; and his personal device was a white boar." The Margesons listing "Mackesy" use that motto. As a Yorkist liner, it explains the white-on-blue colors of his boar, but then those are the colors of the Plow fleur. Yet, Richard III was a great-grandson of red-rose John of Gaunt and Catherine Roet.

Checking my files for another surname with the plough, the Curtis not only use "A farmer holding over his shoulder a plowshare," but the same dancette as Ploughs/Plows. You can see here that the Curtis' didn't pick the plowshare for a special symbol because they liked farming, and, besides, which of the many members of a surname gets to pick the symbol? Ridiculous, it didn't happen that way. A member of the Curtis took on a plowshare as code for his/her relationship to Plows, and this member had the symbol registered by law, something most people would never think of doing. You need to be one of the stupids to do something like this, and you can't just pick anything you want if you want it registered. Let's all revert back to children, shall we, if we would like to be like the spoiled royals.

There was "Richard Coeur de Lion, better known as King Richard the Lionheart of England." He was involved in the siege of Acre. The Curtis' are a good clue, actually, because it can lead to Severus-Bassianus marriage by way of the Brittany Courts/Coeurs (Curtis / Plow colors) using that earl-of-Mar-suspect bend along with one besant on either side of it rather than the one fleur on either side of the same-colored Ragg bend, or the one star on either side of the same-colored Burg bend. Plows may have been Pillows listed with Pilotte's (Plow colors), which makes sense where Mr. Plowden was seeking the "holy land" with Richard. Acre-suspect liners overwhelming use the colors of the Plow fleur.

There is no article-link either for Elias' father (Mr. Fleche) or mother (Miss Maine) at his Wikipedia page. Nor is there a link to La Fleche-de Baugency. As Flecks use a version of the Palmer/Parmers Coat (Yorkshire), I would tentatively trace Flags/Flecks to something of a Taddei / Fontana nature in Parma. "BAUGency" looks like the Baux variation of Bauts that I trace to the Bautica river at Ivrea. It can be a branch of Vaux's that proved to be of the Percival-Leavell bloodline as it married Beaumont of Meulan. Robert Beaumont of Meulan was descended from Humphrey Vieilles...of the Harcourts who share double fesse bars with Flecks and Palmers/Parmers. The same Harcourt line (from Torcy) was suspect with the ancestry of Ingelger, founder of the Anjou Fulks, a Fleche-like term. Belgian Flechs even use a split Shield in the colors of the same of Fulks and the Arms of Meaux. Here is Baugency-Fleche ancestry in pre-Templar times, when it married Maine (included Le Mans at the time):

Houseofnames has removed the Belgian Flecks from coming up when using the search box, but I have their URL recorded, such a great way to prove that Fulks were Flechs. The Belgian Flecks use a wavy bend on part gold, and therefore look like the makings of the Pollock saltire; see also the Spanish Baez'/Pelaiz's, suggesting that "Pelaiz" was a Fleche branch. But Fleche can now be traced to the Arms of Meaux, which recalls the Primo's/PriMEAUX' (Burgundy) using a mirror, symbol of mythical Melusine of Anjou / Lusignan.

The Plocks were just loaded to find the gold phoenix (called a "demi-eagle emerging"), as well as footless martlets in the colors of the same of the Maine Josephs! There is no doubt about it, Josephs were involved with Templarite La Fleche and Ile-de-France. La Fleche is between Anjou and Le Mans, the latter being the one using CandleSTICKS, the Sithech-liner Shaws...who share trefoils on black with Palmers/Parmers, first found in the same place as same-colors Flocks/Folketons (share the Carver/Carber chevron). The "fide" motto term of Plocks can be for the Fido's/Fothes'/Fudes', a branch of Foots using the FLAG.

Dutch Flacks/Vlachs (CURVed chevron, CARVer colors) show the black eagle wing of Fulks (or is it a blache phoenix wing?) Blacks (Glass stars) share the Flock chevron, in colors reversed from the Dutch-Flack chevron, but then a black-on-white chevron is also with hourGLASS-using Books/Boggs/Bogues' that may thus start proving to be Baugency liners. Houstons of GLASgow use the hourglass, bringing us back to the Clausula's Cavii suspects. Bacons share TWO black-on-white stars in Chief with the Book/Bogues Chief, and two black stars are also with the Fothes'. Were Bacons a branch of Baugencys / Buchans? The latter, with lion heads colors reversed from the same of Dutch Flacks, were first found in the same place (Aberdeenshire) as Fothes' and book-using Reeds (Books use the red stag head of Reeds). Buchans have "The sun shining on a sunflower," while Flowers share the white cinquefoil with French Bacons. Reeds ("FortiTUDINE") use a red-phoenix suspect.

To what surnames can we trace Maine and le-mans elements in the La Fleche picture above? Mans' were first found in Aberdeenshire too, and their Mangus variation can suggest the manx on the Isle of Man. Manness'/Manners share double fesse bars with Flacks/Flags. German Flocks share a white lion and its club with German Mans' showing what can be the Massey Shield, bringing us back to Manx-suspect Manche. The Flock lion is in the colors of the Crank lion, and Cranks are suspect from Cronciaconnum.

There was so much inserted in this update that much of what was done earlier will need to go to the next update. I started out trying to understand the Irish side of the first royal Bruce, and that's next, for whatever it might be able to add to our understandings on Caiaphas liners in royal Scotland.


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

In 2014, the latest Firefox browser no longer gave the option of surfing with javascript turned off.
With javascript turned off, one can copy and cut from the write-ups at houseofnames, but when its on, one cannot.
Try another browser if you are working with houseofnames.

web site analytic