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December 6 - 12, 2016

Compelling Heraldry for Shawia Numidians
Gelo of Gela
Dave Williams Responds with Automatic Lunar-Distance Calculator

Obama told the American people this past week that the best way to handle ISIS is how he has done it, by equipping the local forces and keeping Americans off the ground. He said that this strategy has led to ISIS losing half its territory. But who does he think he is for taking credit, since it was the locals going in and taking the territory away, at the risk of their lives? Did he give Iraq credit? Did he say that they are doing a very good job? Reuters has an article supporting my accusation against the Americans:

In the early days of the assault on Islamic State in Mosul, Iran successfully pressed Iraq to change its battle plan and seal off the city, an intervention which has since shaped the tortuous course [= a slight against Iran] of the conflict, sources briefed on the plan say.

The original campaign strategy [that of the American angels] called for Iraqi forces to close in around Mosul in a horseshoe formation, blocking three fronts but leaving open the fourth - to the west of the city leading to Islamic State territory in neighboring Syria.

That model, used to recapture several Iraqi cities from the ultra-hardline militants in the last two years, would have left fighters and civilians a clear route of escape and could have made the Mosul battle quicker and simpler.

Reuters is an Obama-idiot box when speaking like this. Sure, the battle will be over real fast if you just let ISIS fighters escape, but doesn't the Reuters writer see anything wrong with it? As you just read, the strategy for all city invasions had been, thanks to Obama, to leave ISIS an escape hatch, and then tell the world that it's for a good cause. But this escape hatch is exactly expected if the Americans want ISIS to survive in Syria. It's a no-brainer.

"Planning documents drawn up by humanitarian organizations before the campaign, seen by Reuters, show they prepared camps in Kurdish-controlled areas of Syria for around 90,000 refugees expected to head west out of Mosul. 'Iran didn't agree and insisted that no safe corridor be allowed to Syria,' said a humanitarian worker. 'They wanted the whole region west of Mosul to be a kill box.'" So, the American plan is being upset, no matter whether anyone doesn't like it. It may mean that the entire battle against ISIS remains only at Mosul for the beginning of Trump's term in January, though he may be calling some of the shots even now. Frankly, I doubt that Trump had any Middle-East plans drawn up prior to the election. He's going to decide after getting a full ear on the situation under Obama, and how the military thinks it should proceed. If Trump doesn't agree with anyone, he'll be abandoned, and this is how the military will try to reel him in to its view. But Trump can be a hard guy to reel in.

By the end of the election, after months of practicing his public-speaking skills, Trump was sounding eloquent, and he was saying all the right things in opposition to Obama / Clinton. But he spoke only to win the election, that's the problem with this slippery man. No one knows what his actions are going to look like. If he demands successfully to let ISIS escape from Mosul, he's just another Obama. Neither the Russians nor Iranians want this escape hatch, but if it comes back into operation, only the Americans will be able to take credit, whether that becomes the news story or not. ISIS will all but fold when it is destroyed in Mosul.

In Syria: "Rebels have lost control of about 75 percent of their territory in eastern Aleppo in under 10 days, Director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Rami Abdulrahman, said...The Kremlin said on Wednesday that a potential U.S.-Russia deal to allow Syrian rebels to leave Aleppo safely was still on the agenda. Damascus and Moscow have been calling on rebels to withdraw from the city, disarm and accept safe passage out, a procedure that has been carried out in other areas where rebels abandoned besieged territory in recent months." That's a big deal as far as being a disappointment for the West. It looks like Assad will survive. His demise can only come from Trump, if Trump wants it.

The article adds: "Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov will meet U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Hamburg on Wednesday at 8 p.m. local (1900 GMT). A U.S. official said they were likely to discuss safe passage for rebels out of Aleppo" Just as the rebels look hopeless, in comes the Obama administration to save them by some crafty maneuver, hoping to fool the Russians into some method of having the fighters for another day, another place.

For its support, Russia is in the throes of winning Syrian-government approval for a permanent military base on the Mediterranean. It's a huge blow to the West. The anti-Christ will have one foot on the land, and one in the sea. Does this speak to the Russian base? In Daniel 11, it's the ships of Kittim that will resist his advance for a second time to Egypt. Will the first invasion use sea vessels? Kittim, they say, is ancient Kition on Cyprus, an island directly across from the Russian base in Syria. I cannot fathom a Russian invasion on Egypt. This is not in the realm of reality anytime soon, unless the West does something drastic to make Putin furious, until he takes all of Iraq with Iran as partner, and then sets out to Iraniate the entire Middle East for the purpose of ridding it of Western influence. This would have been the old-Soviet dream. The West can avoid this if it just plays fair ball with Putin. You don't need to be his friend, just play fair business ball. Let the Russians have their share of the oil. But the West wants the Middle East and Europe all to itself, with Russia staying behind the NATO fence that, each year, gets increasingly more barbed. And for America's pains in going 20 trillion dollars in debt to control the world, Russia is now winning. The Russian people are thinking to make him president for life. They might even call him a god. But Putin doesn't have the "strong face" that the Bible gives the anti- Christ. Trump does.

Then again. "strong face" may refer to the his military advance, which could fit either Putin or Trump. Not a day goes by in Russian media that it doesn't hail Russia's new military technology. The country is returning to old Soviet boasting. And I claim that this has been the West's fault. Hillary feigned a re-set button, and the West, as a bloc, failed to give the Russians a fair shake. The Obama administration took Russia's gas deal with Europe away. With a re-set button like that, the Russians are keeping an eye on another button.

Truly, the Russians aren't crazy. They don't want to bomb the United states as the hawks think they one-day might. But with the West ever encroaching toward the Russian border, the Russians need to keep their nuclear button within arm's distance. That's the score today and for the foreseeable future.

The Shawia in Heraldry

In the past year, an abundance of evidence to show that heraldry traces always to Massena Numidians has been presented. It can often turn quickly to Ranulph le Meschin, ruler of Chester, Cheshire, no matter what surnames are involved with the Numidians. One surname I rarely mention, the Chesters, happens to use the Shaw motto for a trace to Shawia Numidians. That was easy.

Chesters use a griffin in Meschin-scallop / Dives colors, and the "patitur" motto term of Chesters can therefore be reckoned as code for Shawia in Patti, beside the mythical Scylla (like "scallop") wolf that can trace to Hugh Lupus, le-Meschin's uncle. The Diens/Dives' still show the old Masci wing design that houseofnames changed for no logical reason except to thwart my work when I claim that their identical design is evidence of blood links. Houseofnames stopped changing designs at the very-fast rate in 2013/14, perhaps because a change in design only gave more opportunity for making other links that can be proven by other methods aside from the identical design of one item. Diens/Dives' use PATEE crosses in Meschin-FESSE colors, and Fessy's are from an old Vasci surname that may rhyme with "Masci" for a related reason. Fesse's use the same cross as the Cheshire Macclesfields.

The Masci wing of Diens/Dives is in Chester colors, probably because Chester's old name was, Diva. That was easy. The Chester griffin is even in the colors of the four Patty lions positioned like the four patee crosses of Diens/Dives'. The Patty escutcheon is in the colors of the same of Sadducee- suspect Saddocks, first found in the same place as Diens/Dives'. Italian Patti's were first found in Messina, location of Patti, and they use a Coat like that of German Caplans, which looks important because the other Dives'/Diva's share the Capes' scallops. As Capes' are suspect with a line from Quintus Caepio to Joseph Caiaphas (for new readers, he was the killer of Jesus), note that Slate's use the same chevron as Quints. Dives' were first found beside the Capes', and in the same place as Capone's suspect with "Caepionis," a surname known to be of the children of Quintus Caepio (= Roman general who stole a massive treasure in Toulouse).

I got the Chesters from Chesterfield in the Slate write-up, and it recalls that "Slate" looks like the Sallett surname (Cheshire, beside the first Slate's in Derbyshire). So far as I can make out, the griffin in the Chester Chief is the rare one found also with Vince's, showing again that houseofnames uses identical designs for two or more surnames because it knows of blood links, for the Vince's are in the "Vincit" motto term of Chesters.

The Dives'/Diva's are said to be from "Dives near Caen," and while Caens use a "citis" term buried in their motto as code for Citis/Cetis, Chesters use "VinCIT" while Slate's use "CresCIT," suggesting part code for a Cres liner, perhaps the Chestiens/Chretiens in the Levi motto. Chretiens have been deemed (by me) as kin of Crests/Crete's that use the same lion as Levi's...which, in colors reversed, can be the white one in the Patty Crest. The heraldic Crest is potentially in honor of Crest liners, and the "Chief" (top one third of the Shield) is suspect with "Caiaphas." German Caplans (Switzerland, somewhere) and Dives'/Diva's use Chiefs without symbols as though to prioritize the Chief alone, and English Caplans (same Shield as Saluzzo's) were first found in the same place as Josephs. As I trace Sale's/Salletts to the Salyes, likely namers of Saluzzo, so we find that Slate-like Slade's and Saluzzo's likewise use Chief's with symbols.

Before the rash of changes from houseofnames, the Este Crest showed the horse head, in the same color, now in the Slade (and Bute) Crest, and to Slade Coat shares the three horse heads of Este's. I glean that Slade's were merged with Pepins / Pape's / Poppins / Men's. The Poppins (same place as English Caplans) are said to be from Hampshire's Basingstoke, and the Basingum. This is likely a line of the Cetis' Bassus' that married Lupus Laevillus, and who led to Julia Maesa Bassianus. Basings use eagles in the colors of the Maus and Constantine fleur-de-lys, and moreover the six Basing eagles are in the formation of the six Constantine fleur. Irish Constantine's, by the way, use a vertically-split Shield in colors reversed to the same of the Swiss Caplans, and the Constantine fleur are black, as are those of June's (same place as Capone's), from the Junius family married by Servilia Caepionis, Quintus' granddaughter.

Maus' proved, in the last update, to be from the Pepinid line of mythical Popiel at the mouse tower, and therefore from the Meuse / Moselle theater. Moselle is the location of Metz, not only married by Pepin of Landen, but Metz's use an "ORB" along with their nine besants (the number of mythical Muses), and I had found and presented a coin from Caracalla (married sister of Julia Maesa Bassianus) with Olba upon it, which was also called, ORBA, a location in Cetis.

On his coins, he put mythical Ajax, the god of Olba overwhich the Kennati priests presided that I trace to Kenza of Aures (without direct evidence), home of the Shawia. I trace Kennati to Kennedys that share the Arms of Carrick, a surname obviously from "Caracalla." There seems to be only one explanation for Caracalla's link to Olba: his mother was Domna Bassianus, daughter of Julius Bassianus (a really stupid man), nephew of Julius AGRIPPA to which I expect the Chester GRIFFin to trace. Either Bassianus' father married an Agrippa, or Bassianus' father was himself an Agrippa.

It's notable that while English Constantine's were first found in the same place (BERKshire) as Modens and Arcs, Modane on the Arc river is some 25 miles from Briancon (on the river of the Salyes). Irish Brians use the three lions in pale of Irish Constantine's/Consedine's, no coincidence, and this is now thanks to houseofnames changing the Brian lions a few years ago. These Irish Brians share "Lamh" with Sullivans expected from the Salluvi Ligures, probably the same as the Salyes.

As Brians are said to be from Brian Boru, who had somehow merged with Irish BERKs/Burghs whose first-known members traced unexpectedly but firmly to Alice of Saluzzo, I would suggest that ConseDINE's/ConsaDene's were a Conte- Dien/Dine/Dene merger, which could reveal that Conte's (Kennedy kin round- about) and Conteville's (le-Meschin's grandparent) were Constantine liners. Brians had traced to the Taro river into which the Caen-related Ceno flows that was probably named by proto-Kennedy Kennati. Caens share the Moden fretty on blue. Caen is in the Bassianus-liner Bessin, you see, home of le- Meschin's father. Diens/DINE's were first in the same place as Deins/Dene's/Deans, and the latter's lion is in the colors of the Brian / Consedine lions. This is a new link right here. I suggest that Irish Dene's/Deans use the Masci wing in the colors of the same of French Gobels (= Goplo's mouse tower).

The other Irish Dene's/Deans share the Hannibal/Annabel Coat, are said to have named Deane in Hampshire, where Josephs were first found who trace by their motto to Mago, Hannibal's brother, both sons of Barca that I'm tracing to Berks and Berkshire, the latter location near the first Capes'. I feel very strongly that "Caiaphas" will prove to be directly related to a line from Syphax. Irish Berks/Burghs are the only surname coming up as "Burgo," but Spanish Burgos' use a giant annulet in the colors of the annulets of Fickle's/Figgins who were just looked up as per the "difFICILE" motto term of English and Irish Deans. If you missed the parts on Wiggins in the last update, you missed one of the most-important pieces of proofs for the lines of Annas, father- in-law of Caiaphas. And here we are at the Figgins, first found in the same place as Wiggins, Capone's and Chapmans. The Fickler's/Figgins share the Coat of Foggs. As Wiggins (version of Annas Coat) have been pegged with Guy of Spoleto, note that Figgins and Foggs are in Guy- buckle colors, and that the buckles are round like annulets.

Let's go back to Poppins of BasinSTOKE, who share "Mens" with Pepins, and were first found beside Taro-liner Tarrs and Trents (Turano / Durance liners?), suspect from Stoke on the Trent river. A trace to the Taro is aided where Stoke's/Stocks/Stake's are said to be from "Stock, near Caen," and as they share "qui" with Shaws, Stoke's appear to be of the Sithech term of Shaw ancestry. Suddenly, Basingstoke looks to be even more traceable to Bassus liners out of Cetis. Stoke's/Stocks use a two-tailed lion in white, therefore traceable to the same of Montforts (see also the Stake lion). Montforts ruled in Leicestershire, home of Ligures, in my opinion, and while BRIDLE's were first found in Leicestershire, Pipe's use "A camel's head ERASED BRIDLED and ducally gorged in black." The last update had an addition where this Pipe description traces to the Eras variation of Rasmussens (share the Pepin bend-with- fleur). If you go back to the Rasmussen discussion, you will see some exclamation marks where I trace them to Akmonia, home of Severus Bassus. The Stoke motto also includes "insons," reminding of the very-important mention of Ince's in the last update.

The Pipe / Pepin bend is in Levi colors, and Pepin of Landen was from near Mons, a term that can be from whatever named HasMONeans. Pipe's are said to have been at TotMONSlow, "low" being a common suffix. In Totmonslow is Leigh, where Pipe's are said to be from, and Leighs must be of the Lee's/Leghs that share the Mons/Mount lion. This is new right here, a good piece to know. The German Totts compare with French Pepins that one showed what I thought was a gull. The French Pepin Coat is a reflection of the Poitven Coat, though the latter uses a jay on a rock in the colors of the Pepin bird (now showing as a raven). The Pepins are said to use "a silver bird," and the BRIDle's had brought the Birds/Burds to mind.

Back to the write-up of Basings of Basingstoke, where we read that 55 lordships were held by Hugh de PORT, the chief of which was Basing. Basings were first found in the same place (Hampshire) as Potters and PORTers/Pawters (share same colors), and Potters trace to Poitiers/Poitou, where Poitvins were first found. Then, compare the Gay-related Galli Coat to that of Poitvins, and you can see that they are colors-reversed from one another so that, yes, Jays, from a Gaia location, were Gay liners from Gaia/Gala, father of king Massena. As Gaunt/Ghent (near Mons) was recognized (last update) as a Gaia line, it's probably not coincidental that the Basing eagles are in the colors of the same of Ghents, two surnames both first found in Hampshire along with Basingstoke. Then, Basins (share pine cones with Maschi's) were first found in Poitou. We can clearly see a Massena-line link to Maesa-Bassianus liners to the Bessin, and to Beaston in Cheshire.

Next, we go to the Courcys that share a red spread eagle with Ferte's expected at Ferte-Mace, home of Masseys = Masci's. These Courcys use the three eagles of Childs in colors reversed, from Childeric, husband of Basina, the bee liner to the bees in the Bessin/Beaston Coat. These Courcy are said to be from Stoke county in Somerset, beside Basingstoke and where Trents were first found that share the eagle with Tarans/Tarents, the latter using the Courcy eagles in both colors. But then Tarrs were first found in the same place as Trents. But, remember, Stock is near Caen, and Caen traces to a Taro-river tributary.

A new realization here is from the Tarrant Rawston location in the Tarent write-up, home of an ANTIOCH family. I am kicking myself hard for not seeing this before. I've been loading the Tarents for many years, and tracing them to Terentia, wife of Cilnius Maecenas. Terentia was of a Murena family, and Murena's use a tower in colors reversed from the Rawston tower! Moreover, Murena's put eagles (one faces sinister) with their tower in the colors of the Basing eagles, suggesting what I would expect, that Cilnius- Maecenas lines were connected to Bassianus'. I still hold out that Maecenas' ancestry formed the first five Maccabee brothers, one of which, Jonathan, made a strong alliance with Alexander Balas, a Seleucid king in Antioch.

Alexanders, suspect from Alexander-named Maccabees from Alexander Balas, use "terras," and there are two Terras surnames, one showing to be a merger with the Scott / Talbot surname. Alexanders were first found in KinTYRE, while Tire's/Tears share red, spread eagles with Tarents! The Tire's (and MacDonalds) use the Ferte eagle, and while they say that "Maccabee" means 'hammer / mace," Maceys, from Ferte-Mace, use the mace.

It appears that MAECenas is a name that could have named the MAESA surname of Julia Bassianus. Trents (using the BORDer swords) even use a Shield split vertically in the colors of the horizontally-split Rawson Shield. In colors reversed, the Murena eagle can be the gold Trent eagle.

The "Augeo" motto of Trent must be for Auge's, from an old Augo surname (Normandy), and Auge's share the Chappes Moor head and fleur-de-lys in the colors of the same of June's. Auge's are said to be from CREVEcouer, perhaps a Courcy line of the Couer kind, but, in any case, they could be from Crevenia (map below), in the land of the Cavii. Crevenia is shown near BASSANIA, Lissus and GABULcus (= Gabuleum) while Julius BASSIANus was a high-priest stupid of the El-GABAL sun god. Crevecouer is in Calvados, a location that became suspect with "Cavii." Couers/LeCourts happen to use besants with a sinister bend, and look linkable to the Touques surname, from the Touques river at LISIeux.

The Rostron variation of Rawstons suggests a family that admired the Galli and Gay rooster, and Rosters bring up the Rawston Coat. Roosts are said to be from CENwold Rust. The red Roost wyvern should be connectable to the same of Drake's, Mosca kin first found in the same place as Basings i.e. beside Trents that should be round-about related to Tarrant Rawston. As Roosts (Kent, home of many Numidians surnames from the Mons theater) use a saltire in the colors of the Sinclair cross, this Roost / Roster picture looks like it's a Roussillon > Roslin entity. As the Arms of Roussillon use the Aragon bars while Tarrs traced to them, CENwold Rust looks like a Ceno- river liner. Sinclairs, sharing a gold rooster with Gays (same place as Modane) and Galli's, are traced in their write-up to L'Eveque at the Touques-river theater. Sinclair Templarism links in many ways to the Levite / Maccabee priesthoods in Israel.

Roston/Rawstons are said to be of a FRYSton manor, and then Frys' and Free's/Phreeze's (Pharisee liners?) share a similar Coat with Rush's. As Ferrara became suspect with Pharisees, that's where Chiaro's/CLARO's were first found that must be the proto-Sinclairs (said to derive in Norman Claro's). It just so happens that Tarents speak on Tarrant Rushton, home of a Rosceaus family (from Russicada of Numidia?). Rushtons (same lion as Side's/Sudys) seem to be clearly merged with Side's/Sudys, for their Suty kin share "Have" with Rushtons. The Rushton motto can also be honoring Enders/Ingers.

This is the first time that I can recall a solid Rush link to Sinclairs and Roslin. The Tarent write-up speaks on a Tarrant KEYNESton location while Keynes'/Kyne's (Levi chevrons?) look linkable to the Ash's that trace to D'Esse COURT. The Courts/Coverts are said to have been linked to a Mr. Courcy, and the "auct" motto term of Courts/Coverts reminds me of mythical Actor. I'm sure, though I can't recall where i read it, that Actor was close to mythical Ajax, and, years ago, while investigating Ulysses / Odysseus myth, I trace him to slavery under a witch at AJACcio, in CORSica, where Courcy's might originate. Might Ulysses, an alternative name for Odysseus, have been code for pirates at Lissus?

The Keynes' are probably part of the Key/Kay motto, "Kynd Kynn Knawne Kepe." What's the "Kepe" for? I did not recall this term since tracing Kepke's and Keeps to Syphax Numidians. English Keys/Kays had a Cai variation suggesting the De Gai location of the Jays. Jay-using Poitvins have stars in the colors of the Sutherland stars, and MacKAYs were first at Sutherland. The Poitvin stars are colors reversed from the same of one Roy Coat while the other Roys use a "Qua" motto term that can be for the Qua surname in the Key/Kay write-up. The Roy motto, "Qua TenDIS,", leads to another Jay in the Daver Crest. Davers were new as of the last update when learning that the Daorsi peoples were also called, Daversi. Davers were first found in Suffolk, the area of a Diss location, and Diss' (share torteaux with Roys) were just looked up as per the Roy motto. The Diss' even use a version of the Daver Coat. Roys are in the Berk/Burgh motto. My impression, after being satisfied with a Daver trace to "Daversi," is that "D'Auver" was a variation that developed after the Daver surname was already formed.

As Diss' and Davers were first found in the same place as Clare's while using a chevron in colors reversed to the Clare chevron, let's add that I have recorded a few times that Dutch Burghs/Burgers once showed the Clare chevrons in both colors, but now show stars in the colors of the Roy stars. German Burgers, I've just noted, use a giant tower in the colors of the same of Murena's, and so it's notable that the Tarent Coat can be a version of the Diss Coat. English Burghs (from TICHfield) and Ticks/Tooks/Touque's share a white griffin with Keys/Kays. As per the squirrel topic below, it's interesting that Dutch Dyke's show a red squirrel while Diss' are also Dice's. Therefore, Dyke's, Diss', Ticks/Touque's and red-squirrel Decks/Daggers can be Touques-river liners. The Ticks/Touque's have a "Militia" motto term that can be for the island of Melita, directly off-shore from the mouth of the Naro/Neretva river, home of the Daorsi.

As Bus was the second-listed son of Biblical Nahor while I think that Nahorites named the Neretva, note that Millets share the giant Bus cinquefoil. As HAMILtons share this cinquefoil with ermines too, I identify them as a soft version of "Kemuel," Nahor's third-listed son. As this cinquefoil is in the Arms of Leicester, the BRIDle's of that place may have been from Brattia (near Melita, beside Pharia). As French Millets share the giant, eight-pointed star with TIGners/Teegers, it appears that Teague's/Teegers are definitely a branch of Tichs/Tooks/Touque's, and that the latter's motto is indeed code for Millets.

Corsica is off-shore from northern Sardinia, and Gallura at northern Sardinia used a rooster as evidence of a trace to king Gala. The Shawia are also called, Chaoui, which appears pronounced like "Cowie." See queen Kahina at the Shawia article, looking like "Kynes / Caen." She doesn't look Negroid. Notice the area of Cabyle, like the Cabyle location of the Selletae Thracians that trace excellently to the Hampshire-related Capelli's, first found in the same place as Chiaro's/Claro's. Cabels share the Caen fretty. The BATNa location in Chaouia can therefore be of the Buttons/Bidens (share the Capelli chapeau). Notice also the Constantine location in Chaouia, for Galli's look to be using a version of the Chief of French Constantine's. Yes, that looks right, and English Constance's/Custers use the Ferte Eagle. The Annaba location can explain Annabels/Hannibals.

Kahina appears carved as a warrior goddess, like Myrina of the Numidian theater that may be of the Murena surname. It looks full-proof under the heraldic circumstance. Kahina was a leader of some Berbers in the 7th century, shortly before Kenza of Aures. Kahina was buried in CHENchela, otherwise called, Mascula. Fert-Mace, home of Masci liners, is near Caen. I have never known about this Mascula location until now (it's not in any of my files).

As Shaws were first found in the same place as Celts/Cults (share stag with Annabels/Hannibals), it's interesting that Chenchela is also "XenCELT or MasKULT." Mussels/MUSCELs (Meschin-version Shield) use plate's suspect with Pilate's that are in the Celt/Cult pheon. The Pilate pheons are in both colors of the same of Irish Kynes'/Barnacle's (come up as "Cohen"), believe it or not. Scottish Mascals/Mascul are listed as Keiths i.e. at Musselburgh! That's beside Roslin!! Can you believe it? Keiths/Masculs (stag head) share "vincit" with Shaws!!! English Mascals (Saddock kin) use the six Constantine fleur-de- lys!!!! It's all rippling new material, excellent for the record. Keiths are said to be of a marriage with CHEYNES' of Axkergill!!!!! Nothing in this paragraph was known by me when suggesting that Keynes' could be from Kahina's name. I've rarely loaded the Shawia article, and am not very familiar with its map. But here it was loaded on the day after speaking on Constantine's, super timing. I even loaded a surname an hour ago (the Monctons as per Tarrant Monkton) showing the same martlets as Cheneys, clinching what appears to be a Cheney trace to Mascula, and to the Ceno river.

King Gaia was from the Massylii peoples. His son is more-commonly called, Massinissa, but I use his Massena version. Note how Gaia's brother, Oezalces, can be a line to Cheshire's Hazels. As Mascula is in ALGERia, I looked up Algers/Alkers (reported as Saxons) to find a spread eagle with red legs in both colors of the spread Ferte / Constance eagle. It could be the black eagle of Massi's/Mattis' who share the Cohen checks. Algers/Alkars have besants on a black greyhound in Crest, symbol, I still think, of Graeae Amazons in north-Africa.

The Coursons use a Coat reflecting that if Cheneys, and while the latter were first found in Buckinghamshire, a member of early Coursons had land in neighboring Berkshire. Instead of the Cheney martlets, Coursons use popinJAYS, I kid you not. Poppins (Hampshire again) look like they use a version of the Keith Coat. The Courson motto: "Let Curzon holde what Curzon helde." Holds/Holts use "A gold squirrel holding a hazel branch," a not-bad reason to trace Hazels to Gaia's brother.

I now need to re-tell a story, as short as I can. A few years ago, I claimed openly to all readers that God was using squirrels in my attic as a sign for helping me to understand things in heraldry. I caught 16 squirrels at the start of one winter, about this very time of year. I named the 8th one, satan," because it got away from me twice in the house, and once in the vehicle while I was trying to let it out to freedom away from my house. Instead of getting it out the door, it ran up the underside of the dash, and wouldn't come out from up there. I drove home, and shut the door. I hear a squirrel upstairs about five minutes later, thinking that it has escaped from the vehicle though an opening to the engine compartment. But I then realized that car makers wouldn't leave holes that large into the inner side of vehicles.

The next spring, I put some shorts into the wash that had been laying under a heap of things for some months. After putting them on when I had my place heated too warm, there was something in the pocket. Yep, a dead squirrel rolled up, all nice and clean, but long dead. The shorts must have been in the vehicle, and satan must have crawled into the pocket to keep warm; it probably died for lack of water / cold. I took this for a sign of potential surnames related to Squirrels, and the Shorts (in the colors of squirrel- using Hold/Holt colors) use a gold griffin, the same one with the Dowing/Downing surname that might just be a variation of popinjay-using Twengs. I initially added this story because Short-like Shirts/Shirrats are possibly from the Shardana Sea Peoples thought to be from Sardinians, and that gets us to the Corsica area. A few minutes after writing this, Corzine's (Genoa) were brought to mind, and they use another upright and giant griffin, in the colors of the same of Letters, but, to my amazement, Corzine's -- who would not have been checked had it not been for finding Coursons and Corsons -- are shown properly as Scorza's/Scorzons, what could easily be a variation of Shorts. In fact, I've only-now tried for a Schort surname, and it's listed with Shorts! The latter's griffin is in the colors of the Caplan griffins.

While the Poppin motto honors the Manner-related Mens' and what looks like the Maness variation of Manners, the Shirts share the Maness/Manner peacock design. That clinches the Short link to Shirts, apparently. As Squirrels are also Squire's, it may indicate linkage to SHIRrats. Note that a green snake is shared between Visconti's (their original snake was green) and Sire's/Sirets (trace to Lithuania that had relations with Mieszko Poles). Visconti's of Sardinia used a rooster, probably from Gallura of northern Sardinia. Suddenly, Sire's/Sirets are suspect as Sardinians of the Shirrat kind. The mirror into which the Sire snake looks suggests Varangians of Kiev i.e. Melissena and Inger). By the way, I have nothing but red squirrels around my place (seen only one black squirrel since living here), the color of the Squirrel/Squire squirrel.

Therefore, the message of the squirrel in my shorts appears to be that the Gaia Numidians had descendants or ancestors in Corsica and Sardinia, and of course Gallura is the place to expect from his name. Note the blue wings on either side of the Schort/Short griffin, for Jays use a blue griffin in Crest. The Schort griffin is used on black by Griffins. The "vile" motto term of Griffins gets the Vile's/Veals with calves on a bend all in the three colors of the popinjays on a bend of Coursons. This reminds of what I had read, that the Griffin family of Pomerania was likely related to the Mieszko's, and then Wikipedia's article on Dagome, the alternative name for Mieszko I, has/had a comment where someone(s) traced his ancestry to Sardinia. Mieszko mouse-tower myth was written by Gallus Anonymous.

Gallerys are listed with Galloways, an entity that includes Wigton, a Wiggins / Figgins suspect. Gallerys share the same lion as the Cards/Certs, expected from Cirta, the Numidian capital. Gallerys trace hard with the Fergus lion (compare with Aures') to the same of Sauers said to be from the Shaw-like Sava river, a good reason to identify the Maezaei at the Sava with Massena Numidians. Let's not neglect Massey-Ferguson in this picture. Note that Irish Fergus' share the Ferrari lion.

The Constance's/Custers have a "titus" and a "reat" term buried in their motto, suggesting emperor Titus of Rieti/Reate, destroyer of Jerusalem. The red eagle in the Constance Crest has the old Masci wing design, but the red eagle in the Coat is not in the same design. The eagle in the Crest is in the design of the Coursy (with an 's') eagle in white, the color of the Masci wing. To my surprise, Corse's/Carse's use a "terrent" motto term. The Corse Crest, aside from color, is the Crest of the Wigton Hanna's. Coursys (share Courcy motto that shares "Vincit" with Shaws / Chester / Keiths) list Courcys but do not come up when entering "Courcy."

The Constance eagle is said to be "demi," and Demys list Maise-like variations; their LeMAISES variation smacks of the Mazyes version of the Meshwesh Berbers. Demys/Maise's are said to have been at the Poitiers location of Anjou (the Galli-related Poitvins were at Poitiers). French Constance's (pine tree) are the Constantine's with a version of the Galli Chief. French Pine's share cinquefoils on blue with French Courcys. There is a lot of material there for understanding the line from Terentia and Cilnius Maecenas a generation or two before the first Herod.

The coin of Herod Archelaus, according to his Wikipedia article in a piece that was removed after I quoted it years ago, had a grape vine on one side, a symbol of many surnames including German Blate's/Plate's, and this brings to plates (white roundels) of Mussels/Muscels to mind especially. The same swan design once showing for French Josephs is in the Blate/Plate Crest. The point is, English Blate's/Blade's share a Coat reflective of the Corse Coat, and while Blate's/Blade's share white pheons with Pilate's, Corse's/Carse's were first found in Perthshire, named after Perdrix, a peak of Mont Pilat (near St. Etienne, within easy reach of elements in Vienne, where Herod Archelaus was banished. The Vienne surname uses an eagle in colors reversed from the Ferte / Constance eagle.

It wasn't until ending the last paragraph that I got around top checking Crawfords, as per the Crawford location of Tarents/Terrents. It's good timing because CRAWFord variations, and their upright red lion, suggest MonCREIFFE's, first found in Perthshire. The latter are the ones with a motto term for Sure's/Shore's, sharing the Caen motto. The Shaws of Perthshire and the Italian Sheaves' are Key kin without doubt, and there is a key in the mouth of the Crawford ostrich, as there is in the mouth of the Cheshire Propers/Robins/Roberts. The latter use a "tyrannus" motto term like the Taran surname that gets the Tarents/Terrents.

No kidding: French Creys were first found in the same place as Pilate's, Mont Pilat and the Roberts using the Proper/Robin/Robert lion. Moncreiffe's are also CREYfe's while Creys share the Moncreiffe lion in both colors (colors reversed from the Grey/Croy lion), and share the same fesse as Propers/Robins (and Cowie's). The French Creys are the Crete's/Crests suspect with the Levi lion, and as they use the same bends are Guerra's, let's bring up VINCiGUERRA (Aragon), for as he's suspect with the Shaw motto, by what coincidence did he rule at Novara, home of the Laevi? See him in the last update.

As Greys use the Talbot Coat in colors reversed, and as the so-called "talbot" dog must be code for Dogs/Doags, note: "Dougga or Thugga (Berber: Dugga, Tugga...) is an ancient Roman city in northern Tunisia..." After writing here, I saw, at a genealogy page, that Gaia was king in Dougga in particular.

Cowie's share gold boar heads with Gords/Gordons, who might just have been from KTRN, the Berber spelling of Cirta. In fact, the Card/Cert-beloved Latters/Laudors are from Lauder, between the Keiths and the Tweed river, and Gords are said to be from the Tweed. Cowie's were first found in Carthage-possible KinCARDine, or, Cardine's (Cheshire again) might be a branch of the Card/Cert Numidians. Cards/Certs use a DEMI-lion for a trace to the Mazyes Berbers. The Card/Cert Crest has a hand holding a letter, and Letters/Lauders use a "TUARus" motto term apparently for Tuareg Berbers (said to be part of the African Amazons / Amazighen). Crows use roosters, the king-Gaia symbol. Tuaregs are apparently honored by Master (same place as Massins suspect with the Card/Cert lion) sharing the gold griffin in both colors of the Short griffin. Hmm, we now have a problem, for as Corzine's are Schorz liners, perhaps Shorts/Schorts are a line from "Cirta," not Corsica. Or, Cirta liners named Corsica, or vice versa.

One of the two Crawford write-ups traces one Crawford member to Loudoun, which is where Letters/Laudors should trace. Loudons/Loudouns/Lothians (share brown talbot dog with Lots) are listed with Lothians, sharing "qui" with English Shaws, and first found in the Perthshire i.e. same place as Scottish Shaws. As Loudons/Lothians share the pine tree with Constance's/Custers (from Chaouia, right?), the "custodit" motto term of Loudons/Lothians is clearly understood.

Back to Dougga/Thugga of the Numidians. The Teegers/Teegens (gold eight- pointed star) above show "Tegen," and then Irish De(e)gans/Dougans (gold, eight-pointed estoiles) use a sinister crescent indicating Numidians lines. We saw how Teegers can link closely to Roys, who in-turn use the same lion as Dougals. But this gets confusing, for Teegers have resolved themselves as Touques-river liners. Are Dougals from that river too? Not necessarily, for of the several Dougga Numidians, only one needs to name the Touques.

The "OPtem" motto term of Teague's/Teegers was traced to OPgalli, wife of Teeger-like Tigranes Maccabee whose line married that of Severus Bassus. In all the times, about a year ago and more, that I was tracing "OpGALLI" to Galatians (because she is said to be a Galatian, same as Severus Bassus), I was not yet emphasizing king Gala. Was she a Gala / Massena liner? Everything about Severus Bassus of Hasmonea-suspect Akmonia tells me that he was a Massena liner to the first Maccabees, and Opgalli had always been suspect as Bassus' direct relative, such as a sister. The marriage of Bassus' sister to Tigranes can explain why, two generations later, Quadratus Bassus married Opgalli's granddaughter, Julia Iotapa Maccabee, a wife of a Maccabee named Alexander, a name highly suspect from Alexander Balus, the Seleucid king whose line could be expected at Sulcis / Sant'Antioco of southern Sardinia. Perhaps the Gala line in Sardinia brought the Alexander-line Maccabees to that island.

Aha! In the past month or so, I have been toying with a link between Nicomedes of Bithynia and Brogitarus' Trocmii Galatians (Brogitarus was the great-grandfather of Severus Bassus). And here, due to loading Wikipedia's Galatia article, I find this: "The [proto-Galatian Gaul] invaders came [from Thrace] at the invitation of Nicomedes I of Bithynia, who wanted their help in a dynastic struggle against his brother. Three tribes crossed over from Thrace to Asia Minor. They numbered about 10,000 fighting men and about the same number of women and children, divided into three tribes, Trocmii, Tolistobogii and Tectosages." Brogitarus' son married a daughter of the Tectosages branch. There you go. The first Galatians into Galatia led to Brogitarus after partnership / merger with royal Bithynia. Brogitarus' son, Amyntes, has been traced to Mynetts/Minute's and Hamon(d)s, both first found in Shawia-stacked Kent.

Compare the Decan and Deacon Coats to that of Artems/Aitons, for Amyntes was father to Artemidoros. The latter can even indicate be a branch of Daorsi / Dorians. As I trace Odrysians (Dorians?) of the Hebros river (Thrace), at Arda, to mythical Atreus (see last update for more details), whom I then trace to Atrecht in Arda-like Artois, let's add that Dutch Burgers were first found in UTRecht (Holland). Just look at the "UTRumque UTRoque" motto phrase of Deacons, first found in the same place as Diss'/Dice's that have shown good reason for being a merger with Daorsi-liner Davers. Two Dyke surnames share a red lion with Deacons and Decans (Rutland). Teegers/Tegans were first found at Holstein-Schleswig, beside Hamburg, the latter being where Krume's were first found that share a large and white-on-blue sinister crescent with Deegans/Dougans.

The axe's of Deacons / Decans is a good reason to trace other heraldic axe's to the Axe river of Somerset, where Baths/Atha's were first found that use a colors-reversed version of the Deacon / Decan Coats. I had found reason to trace Decans to Decani, an area on / off the White Drin, the latter near the sources of the Axius river. The White Drin flows to the Black Drin (Drilon on the old map) not far upstream from Krume. A White-Drin tributary is the Istocka, which comes up in this update having the Stocks/Stoke's, probably from the Trent river, but suspect at Basingstoke in the land of the Atrebates who named Atrecht. There is an Astacus location on the map at Bithynia, between Nicomedia and Nicaea (the latter has an Anchor- like version showing on the map). We want to know why the Nice/Ness Coat is that also of Annabels/Hannibals, and whether the latter trace to Annaba, near Dougga.

In Thrace, to the east of Odrysians, there is an Astica region on the other map below, not far from Astacus. It just so happens that while Sire's/Sirets trace with certainty to the Arms of Vilnius, the city where Astikas' lived, the Stockports/Stopfords show three lozenges in colors reversed from same in the Sire/Siret Chief. One surname has a green snake looking into Melusine's mirror, and Stockports have a green wyvern, symbol of Walker- possible Wilkins that share the split-Shield of Squire-possible Schere's/Scherfs. below, you can see a surname sharing a motto term with Stocktons that links to

Stockports (Cheshire) are new to me as per seeing Stockport (at Manchester) on my atlas just now while seeing exactly where Stoke-on-Trent is located. The two locations are near to one another, with Macclesfield between them. Stockports are said to descend from a tenant of a baron of Dunham Massey. The Sire's/Sirets are also Sirons while mythical Sirens were at Greece's Akheloos river, location of modern Astakos. It's confusing as to what Sire's / Squirrels should trace to, whether the Siret river, Cirta, Sardinia, the mythical Sirens, or all of the above. The Siret in Moldova was home to Trypillians, and Astikas' of Vilnius merged with Traby.

Etchell elements are in the Stockport write-up, and Etchells (besants) were first found in the same place, Warwickshire, as SHERiffs. Warwick traces to Warsaw (near Traby), which itself uses Melusine in its Arms. I can glean that Etchells are using a version of the Branch and Hamon Coats, and Branch's share the SHERwood Coat. Northern Etchell covers WythemSHAWe, which, as a surname, is in the Tatton write-up as a Massy liner. Now that I know that buckles link via Spoltons/Spaulding directly to Ranulph le Meschin, I can see the Wettin buckles as evidence of Wettin linkage to Withenshaws. Stocktons (note brown lion for Brunswick liners) were likewise first found in Cheshire, using a version of the Sherwood Coat (Schere/Scherf roses?).

Aha. There is a Stockton location on a Tees river of Durham, and the Stockton stars are those of the Tease's/Tighs, first found in the same place as Annas' and using the same stars! It gets more damaging below. Sherwoods were first found in Durham. Tees' are listed with Swiss Tease's/Tess'/Tecks from the Ticino/Tessin river, with a source in Switzerland, and flowing down to the land of VinceGUERRA at Novara, home also of the Laevi that are in the Tees/Tess/Teck leaves! The Guerra's happen to share the green wyvern with Stockports! Bingo. Vince's use a "conSCIRE" motto term for Schere/Scherf / Sire / Squire / Sherwood liners, we may now assume, and that links Vince's very well to this Vinciguerra character. Another surname tracing to the Arms of Vilnius are the Justine's, first found in the same place as "Vincit" Shaws and Vince-like Winks/Wings.

Wieners came to mind while looking at Wingers. Wieners (said to be from Austria's Vienna) looked linkable to Side's/Sudys, which were linked above with Rushtons who have a Coat much like German Wingers (Bavaria, wings). Rushtons use a "Have" motto term that can be for Have's/Haafs, wherefore Halfs/Helps (beside the Etchells of Warwickshire) were looked up to find them with a motto term in honor of Etchell liners, I assume, of a Hagel-like kind. Halfs/Helps were traced to the Helvetii peoples that were at least near the Ticino area of Switzerland. The Half/Help Coat looks linkable to the Guido's suspect from Guido Guerra.

The White Drin has a mouth of Kukes, which, so far as I can make out, appears to be right at old Gabuleum. As Grimaldi's (Liguria) were linkable to surnames such as Krume's / Grooms, it's interesting that Kukes-like Cocks use both the Grimaldi lozengy and the rooster, for Koppels use a rooster and trace to Goplo-like Gabuleum. While "topo" in Italian means 'mouse," there is a Topojan location in Kukes county. Near the White Drin is a modern TROPOJE location that can make Trope's/Drops into mouse liners to Goplo. Tropoje is on a river with a mouth right at the Has / Krume area. If Dutch Cocks are using the giant rooster of Gays, why? Were they a Numidian merger with the Cicones of Liguria?

As Etchells are traced to a Nechells location, it's very notable that Nickels were first found in Cheshire, and said to be from Nicholas D'Albani. The mouth of the White Drin, and Krume, are in Albania. Plus, while Santa Claus was dubbed saint Nicholas, see, in the last update, why Santa traces to satanic elements at the Clausula river, which is on one of the maps with a source near Tropoje (not marked).

Etch-like Edge's/Eggs were likewise first found in Cheshire, and they use a giant eagle half on the colors of the giant Nickel pheon. It can be expected to be the giant eagle of Balance's/Balancors, first found in the same place as Ethells. This may reveal that Etchells were Adige-river liners, for the lower Adige passes near Este while the Edge/Egg eagle, if on a blue background, is the white, spread Este / Bar eagle. Bar is on one side of lake Scodra, and the Clausula on the other side, but then the black Arms-of-Kukes eagle is on a red background, as is the white, spread Piast eagle. Este is beside Egg-like Euganeo, recalling the "Augeo" motto of Trents (expected as Stock kin), kin of Tarents using spread eagles in colors reversed from the Piast eagle. The Auge's from CREVEcouer are suddenly interesting, for Has and Krume are right beside CREVenia on the dark map.

As Auge's share the Chappes Moor head and the June fleur-de-lys, I am seeing Caiaphas lines at Euganeo / Este, not forgetting that Capelli's (kin of Bithynia-suspect Bidens) are said to be from Este elements. In the midst of what I'm writing, I've recalled the "SPECTemur AGENdo" motto of Augers/Eagers/ETCHes' (said to be from "Egger"), suspect at Euganeo, and having a motto suspect with the Syphax line of Speccots/Space's. And this is what got me to load Eugene's again, only this time, the time was perfect for recognizing that Eugene's are with a version of the Sherwood / Etchell Coat! Etchells and Eugene's both share a rare "embattled" chevron.

Aha! Eugene's share a red sun (rare colors for a sun) with Solana's/Solares', first found in the same place (Catalonia) as Felici's/Felix's that should be in the motto of the Etchell-related Stockports. Recalling that Felix's have Flack-like variations, while Flacks list Flags, note that Eugene's use a "flag." I accidentally loaded Sollers at this point, to find the vertical bars of Liss'. I can imagine the sun used from Gabuleum elements down the Black Drin river through to Lissus. Up the White Drin from Gabuleum, the Istocka river. It's making sense. The Stockports may even be a merger with Porters, first found in the same place (Hampshire again) as Liss'.

The embattled chevron is likely code for Battle's, first found in the same place, and sharing a red shield, with Ade's. The latter got a little suspect with the bend-with-letters of Spanish Felice's/Felix's. Instead of the three Aid leopard faces, Felice's use three letter F's, and then the Letters/Lauders (Aid colors) were first likewise found in the same place as Battle's / Aids. Letters even share the upright and giant griffin with Battle's.

It's a hard call as to whether French Augers/Daugers are Dougga liners so as to reveal that Euganeo and Eugene's may have been Dougga Numidians.

The Bible's/Bibo's share a red-on-white rooster with Cocks, and are said to be from EGGERd von Bibave. This family is said to be from Hahns, and while both Hahn surnames use the giant rooster too, one of them is Jewish? Annas liners? On either side of the rooster in the Hahn Crest, the blue wings likely of Here's and Herzogs. The Hahn roosters are in the colors of the Este eagle, which, in colors reversed, has blue wings. Hahns are "DISplaying" the rooster.

From the Este's, lets go to their Bar kin. I'm guessing that they use the Polesdon stars because I see the latter from Pola in Este- related Istria. Bars, sharing the lion head in Crest with Peters, were first found near the village of Polloc, home of Peter ? who adopted the Polloc surname. Stockport-Etchell is said to have been merged with the township of Cheadle MOSELey, and Bar- le-Duc, known to be from Bars of Brunswick, is in Moselle. I think Cheadle's were from the Chatti of Hesse, and I see the Hesse sun as reason to trace the surname to Has and its nearby Gabuleum location. R eminder: Keith Catti were at MUSSELburgh, from Mascula of Numidia. German Eggers share the plate with Mussels/Muscels, and use a Shield linkable to that of Hiedlers/Hitlers and Heidlers, while Adolf Hitler's father married a Glassl surname, quite possibly from German Klassens/Clasens/Klass' that I trace to the Clausula river. Recall how Hitler Coat is linkable to that of Danish Bauers, for Eggers were first found in the same two places as German Bauers, and share the hurt (blue roundell) with Danish Bauers. One of the two, Bavaria, is where Claus'/Klaus' were first found. Compare Rudolphs to Rothchilds (no 's') and Heidlers. [Later, hurts trace to Syracuse.]

Hugh Lupus D'Avranches is in the Branch surname (i.e. has a Coat like the Etchell Coat), and he is said to be behind the Welfs/Wolfs (Cheshire), while Welfs of Italy were a branch of Este's. If we are not taking to the idea that the Cheshire Nickels were purely Etchell liners, then an Etchell- Nicholas merger is an alternative theory. Stockport-Etchell is said to have merged also with Cheadle-Bulkeley, and Bulkellys were a branch of Buckle's.

For the record, as per my theory that "Flavius" led to a Flaus / Flack-like terms, the Stockports appear to be honoring the Felici's/Felix's in their "inFELICI" motto term while Spanish Felici's show "Flosi," not to mention Bellini-like variations that can link to Belli's, first found in the same place as Bellini's. At the first mention of Stockports above, the Sire / Squire/Squirrel line came into play, and here we find that Bellini's share the bear paw with Squire's/Squirrels. Fullers share the beacon with a Belli surname.

"Felicitas" is a motto term of Bless'/Blois' (Porci Coat?), who may be using the Pollock / Felici bend. Bless' share the gold-on-red fleur-de-lys with Spanish Petro's, and came to mind with Plessis', and then Spanish Pelaiz's use half the Pollock saltire. Pollocks are suspect from the namer of Fullers, and then a Roman surname, FULvius, predated the imperial Flavians of Rieti from Flavius Petro. Stockports/Stopfords use "Patriae infelici," but it's also interesting that Stops are listed with Stubbs whose buckles can trace with Stirlings/Sturlings to the Scottish Chappes' while Stubbings share the gold- on-black besants of Trebys as further indication that Stockports were from Traby-related Astikas'. In fact, Trebys share the same lion as Stocks! I'm seeing a Stock merger with Stubbs liners.

If the Stock motto term, "insons," is code for a line from the Insubres, founders of Milan, it should be said that Crispins (from Perez) were a branch of Grazio's first found in the same place (Perusia) as Ottone's. You'll see below why Crispins were brought up here, but let's add that buckles trace to Guy of Spoleto, a city in Umbria, location of the first Grazio's / Ottone's. Stubbings are said to be named from tree stubs, but as no one would want such a surname, it can be code for the "tree stump" of Italian Milans, and the tree can even be code for the Treeby variation of Trebys. Did the namers of Blois (the city) come from a version of "Placentia" (at the Trebia)?

For example, there were Quintus Fulvius FLACCus (3rd century BC) and his grandson, Marcus Fulvius Flaccus (2nd century BC), both candidates for the Felix name too. Quintus "subdued the Boii" in the decade that the Boii joined Hannibal in Modena. "He was defeated by Hannibal at the first Battle of Capua, then captured Capua in 211 BC while serving as a proconsul." Was he the line to Quintus Caepio, named after Capua?

"Claudia, married Pacuvius Calavius [see Calverts/Colverts later, but note the Coffert-possible Cauf variation of Calfs ], the chief magistrate of Capua in 217 BC." Calvers (Derbyshire) share the Chappes Moor head! Capua is near Teano, and Teans are listed with Tiens'/Thames' that I see in the Squirrel motto. Thames' are traceable to Artemis at Ephesus, and Smyrna was a colony of neighboring Ephesus, according to some. Later, another Appius Claudius Pulcher (renamed Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus), descended from the other (according to Suetonius), would be adopted by the very Livius family that produced the mother (Livia Drusa) of Servilia Caepionis, granddaughter of Quintus Caepio; see family tree below: The later Pulcher birthed the mother (Laish- Levite-suspect Livia) of a wife of emperor Augustus, and then the Augustus surname shares eagle legs with Bundle's that are likely in-code with the "bundle" of arrows in the Bless/Blois Coat. Augustus' line takers Rome up until Nero, who, ignoring the three rejected emperors of 69 AD, preceded emperor Vespasian (i.e. a Rieti Flavian).

Wikipedia's article on Quintus Caepio gives him no parents. We read: "...according to the more commonly accepted version, [Caepio] spent the rest of his life in exile in Smyrna in Asia Minor." Smyrna was an Amazon city at the mouth of the Hermus river through Sardis, and was near Clarus, important to my work because I claim that the first Templars, who revolved around Claro's = Sinclairs, went to Jerusalem to get some of Caepio's vast treasure that had been passed on to Caiaphas (my theory) and others, with Herods chiefly suspect.

On the older Appius Pulcher: "In 212 BC, he was elected consul, and in conjunction with his colleague Quintus Fulvius Flaccus undertook the siege of Capua [against Hannibal]." Let's repeat that Flacks/Flecks share double fesse bars with Annabels/Hannibals. Was "Appius" from the APSus river and therefore a line to Apps' and Capes? Can we also trace to the Cavii, as I think the Apsus does? Smyrna (in Lydia = Ladon dragon) was beside Phocaea, and Phocaeans are known to have founded Ligurians. The latter had a swan symbol, and while Smyrna was also on the Meles river, hmm, the Meles/Malise surname (Melusine?), first found in the same place as moline-using Chives', uses swans. I can easily imagine the swan in Leda myth from a line of Leto in Smyrna. The Chives moline (cross) is in the colors of the Sinclair cross, and Malahule's ancestry might just have been from the Meles river (this was Pelops country). Should we expect some Melles liners on Sardis-suspect Sardinia along with Gaia liners?

While Malahule ruled More, note that Scottish Milans/Mullens (Moline's/Mollens/Moulins?) use "Two hands holding a clayMORE." Malahule was the ancestor of the first Meschin, and Clays, first found in the same place as Le-Meschin's wife, share white wings with Masci's. No symbols of Clays (Galli's / Galleys?) allows me to trace them to Cetis, but the Clay motto term, "orbem," can indicate Olba/Orba. Bonds/Bundys (besants), a possible branch of Bundle's, use "orbis" as well as a Coat looking linkable to the Clay Coat.

I've just noted that Chives' are no longer said to be first found in Devon (along with the related Hykes'). This is the first change I've seen from houseofnames in more than a year. Does the Chives moline use the Stockport lozenge? Clay-possible Callys/Caleys use quadrants in colors reversed from the same of Chives'. The first grand master of Templars was Hugh de Payens, said to have married either Catherine Sinclair and/or Elizabeth Chappes. The Payens share the chevron of Galleys/Gallets, first found in the same place as Payens and Galli's, and the latter use stars in the colors of the Payen stars. As Stocks ("qui") were first found in Pembrokeshire (ruled by Strongbow Clare), it's notable that red roses are shared between Galleys/Gellets and Mazzo's/MazzaGALLI's/MazzaCANE's, the latter having a version of the Pembroke Coat.

I see no way to trace either Felici Coat to Rieti or Flavius liners. However, Italian Felici's/Felis' were first found in the same place as Rita's, and the latter share one of the only two curved bends that I know of, the other used by German Wettins / Arms of Saxony. Didn't English Wettin just link to the Wythenshawe location of Etchell? As Withenshaws are highly suspect with the "tree WITHout LEAVES" of French Masseys/Masse's, it may not be coincidental that Spanish Felici's have a reflection of the Coat of Levi-beloved Aids. Previously, French Masseys showed the Trip boots (now showing a shoe), and Trips were first found in the same place as Krume's.

I have been tracing Krume's to Krume of Albania's Drin/Drilon river for a few years, and Hazels have been traced to the point of very-confident to Has, right beside Krume, but it's only now that I'm realizing how Hazels can be from the name of king Gala's brother. There were some Numidians / Carthaginians named, HASdrubal. Syphax and Massena both married a daughter of one Hasdrubal. I now have sufficient verification that Teegers / Teague's / Touques' and Deegans/Dougals were from Dougga. It may have been a Tigranes entity. Deegans are said to have had a branch at Hy Many, perhaps from the Mani peninsula of Sparta, home of Atreus' son, Menelaus. I always trace Menelaus to the Maeander river Maenads, Amazonian women of DioNYSus, and while I expect besant-using Manders (Touques' use besants) from the Maeander, Douglas' use the salaMANDER, how about that. And with Massena's father ruling in Dougga, let's add that his name is usually, MassiNISSA, a potential clue that his family was a Dionysus line from his Nysa elements. Or, his name is to be understood as one term like "Maecenas," from Mycenae, perhaps.

Irish-Scot myth traces their ancestry to Melita-like Miletus -- smack at the Maeander river -- through some scythians into north Africa, and we just saw why Deegans/Dougans should link to Millets in the Tick/Touque motto, and then the Millets use the same cinquefoil as Dogs/Doags! It looks like Douglas' are from Dougga too. The Dog/Doug cinquefoils are colors reversed from the same of Etchells, and if the latter are Adige-river liners from around Este, let's repeat that Deegans/Dougans use estoiles. .

Hy Many is where Pattersons are said to have derived that trace without a doubt to Antipatria, not far from Krume and Has. Wikipedia's Trocmii article says that Trocmii moved from Macedonia into Galatia (probably via Thrace), and Macedonia was the ancestry of NYSA, wife of Nicomedes III of Bithynia. There is therefore a very real possibility that Antipater, king of Macedon from whom Nysa was descended, was the namer of Antipater, a pro-Roman puppet and father of the first Herod. Quote: "Nicomedes III and Nysa were distantly related as they held lineage from the Seleucid dynasty, the ANTIPATRid dynasty [about 300 BC] and the Antigonid dynasty." This quote suggests that both Nysa and Nicomedes descended from Antipater of Macedonia.

The BALLYdugan location of Deegans/Dougans is clearly related to the Ballys/Bailie's (Alexander Balas?), for they show similar Coats. Ballys even throw in a "patria" motto term. Ballys use NINE stars, the number of the Teague crosslets, and while Deegans use eight estoiles, Este-related Pepin married Metz's (patee cross) that use eight / nine besants (take your pick), the number of the Muses that were mythical Amazons just like the Maenads. Bithynia was at the Mysia border.

Bally's are said to be from Balliols, who are in the write-up of Scotts along with an Alexander, brother of king Balliol. I had traced that Alexander character to Alexanders of Kintyre for good reason. There is an Alexander in the Bally write-up too, and he had lands in DOCHfour (Dock variation of Dogs/Doags?), while Ballys share stars in the colors of the same of Douglass'. Moreover, Douglas' share the salamander with Julians who in-turn use a giant version of the Teague crosslets. Reminder: Julius Caesar, who had control of Thrace and Galatia, is expected to trace through Opgalli to the birth of Joseph Caiaphas. My year-long task has been to show how his surname traces to "Syphax."

English Docks use a giant and upright lion in colors reversed from the Dougal / Dowel lion, and it can be the Rory lion. There is a "rurius" motto term in the Artem motto. Tocks are listed with Touque's that use a version of the Teague/Teeger Coat. There is a Tiger surname (from Tigerus in 1086) not showing a Coat, first found in the same place as Diss'/Dice's. I'm playing with a Teague / Tigranes trace to Dougga, but am far from convinced.

The Mynetts use OPen helmets, and perhaps an Open-like surname applies to Opgalli liners.

Gelo of Gela

Here's from the end of the last update:

Roosevelts have two Coats showing, one burying an "itur" motto term as do the Shaws that share "qui" with the other Roosevelts, and suddenly the Roosevelts can be identified as a merger with Shawia. I was able to glean that Roosevelt allowed Hitler to hide out in Montana, and probably at Clark House, Idaho. Note that Roosevelts share red roses on a stem with Schere's/Scherfs [Walker kin]. The Christs/Kirsts/Kists use roses while Roosevelts have a motto, "Vescitur Christo."

These English Roosevelts were first found in the same place (Devon) as rose- using GAYlords/Gailards coming up as "Galler." As Lords come up as Lauds while Ladys/Laudimans (same annulets as Walkers) were first found in the same place (NorthAMPTON) as Spinks, it's interesting that the latter use spread eagles in colors reversed from the Roosevelt eagle, making GayLORDs suspect as a Gaia-line merger with Lord / Laud elements. Lords/Lauds have the cinquefoils of AMPTONS who in-turn use a version of Walker Coat. This Devon area is right beside TintaGEL (Cornwall), a Tint merger with Gale's ("Qui" motto term) who happen to use a version of the Coat of Lords/Lauds (beloved of Glasgows). Therefore, German Gallers/Galens (same place as Krume's, Drummonds) may me using the two Annabel/Hannibal fesse bars in the colors of the Lord / Gale fesse. The Galen bars colors reversed from the three Drummond fesse bars.

We now have excellent cause to identify the birthplace of king Arthur (Tintagel) with Gaia Numidians. Lord's happen to share the maunch sleeve with Mangels/Mansels, suspect with Joseph Mengele (high-level Nazi). There is a question on whether Laud liners were from Lauders/Letters. The latter use the griffin of Ali's/Aliotta's, first found in Messina.

It's also notable that while Levi's honor Chretiens/CHRESTiens, the latter use lion heads in colors reversed from the Gale lion heads so that, likely, the Christs/Krists/Kists are a branch of Chrestiens. The latter's lions are in the colors of the Mason/Massin lion while the latter share the mermaid in Crest with Glasgow-suspect Glass'. It should also be said that Lards use a "woman's head" that may once have been a "lady" (the family may have lost the significance) and so this is a good place to mention so-called "Lady Fortune" in the Klassen Coat.

Again, the OPEN helmets of Mynetts are suspect with a line from OPgalli, and I really want to know whether her named was from king Gala. The OPENheimers, I kid you not, use a sphinx that must be code for the Spinks (mascles - Massey liners). As Ladys/Laudymans use a version of the Anchor/Annacker Coat, this picture needs to include Agrigento liners, and one ancient Agrigento entity was mythical Creusa (wife of Aeneas). Carricks are Agrigento liners while sharing the black talbot dog of Spinks, and Talbots are now highly suspect from Telchines of Rhodes...while "Creusa" was suspect, years ago, with a Hros line out of Rhodes. A sphinx is used by Hips' (compare with Decks/Daggers from the Dexaroi at the Apsus river), and that's how to know that Hips' and at least some sphinx liners trace to Agrigento's Hypsas river.

Cruise's use the same colors and format as Quints while Spinks were first found in the same place as Quince's (share mascles with Spinks). Cruise's were first found beside Northamptonshire (home of the first Lauds/Laudymans), and Laud- possible LUTon is in Bedfordshire. The giant Luton (and Grave) eagle can therefore be that in the Arms of Syracuse. Read on.

As the Sforza lion holds a quince, the Gale lions are suspect with the Sforza lion. Bedfords share the black lion paw with Quints, and the gold Quint fitchee (held by the black paw) is behind the blue lion of Quince- related Winchesters. Lutons use almost the Spink eagle. It seems very obvious that the Capone / June liners of Cambridgeshire were to its west in Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire.

Mythical Aeneas was a proto-Roman patriarch, and may have been play on the Oeneus river, where June's and their Young/Yonge branch trace along with Servilia-Caepionis-Junius. Servilia Caepionis had been a Livius liner in her immediate ancestry, and this Livius family can be expected from Laish's Levites as they evolved into Calydonians in the Oeneus-river theater. I had traced Calydon to the Khaldi at the Thermodon theater years before recognizing mythical Oeneus of Calydon as an important part of my work in finding Levites out of Laish. It just so happens that Lards (further west yet) share the three piles of Yonge's/Young's. Why? If Lards were Lords, they can both be somewhat expected as a branch of the namers of Luton, and both the mythical Ladon and Lotan dragons trace to Daphne, an ancient location smack beside Laish. Moreover, a real man, Lotan, was brother to Timna who traces extremely well (reason not to be repeated here) to Timms/Time's, kin of Teague's/Teegers.

The Lard piles are those of Leavells too, and that makes the Yonge wolf likely from Lupus Laevillus. As you can see, Scottish Yonge's (Capone lion?) share three gold annulets in Chief with Lauds/Laudymans. There is a question on whether the "Toujours" motto term of Yonge's is code for Teegers/Teague's / Teegers/Tegans. On the one hand, "TouJOURs" is linkable to Gore's (and Gore's/Jore's) because they were first found in the same place as Yonge's and Quints, and therefore it's linkable to mythical Gorlois at Tintagel. Gallers/Galens were first found in the same place as Trips who share the Gore crosslets, which are the Julian / Teague crosslets in gold.

That get's my to the "Teg" motto term of Carrick-liner Gilberts, suspect from the Gela Sicilians that founded Agrigento. From that motto term, we go to Decks/Daggers that share the red squirrel with Gilberts, and from the Decks we go to the Tiens'/Thames' suspect in the "Tiens" motto term of red-squirrel Squirrels/Squire's. This is all highly traceable to the Dexaroi on the Apsus as something of that area named the Hypsas river to Agrigento. In fact, the Tiens'/Thames' (same place as the Thames river), suspect with the "OpTEM" motto term of Teague's/Teegers, look to be with a mascle version of the Anchor/ANNACKer Coat, wherefore let's re-mention that Tighs/Tease's use the ANNAS star. While the Thames river runs through London, that's where Capes' were first found who share the scallops of Apsus- like Apps'/Happs'. Moreover, the latter share the lozenges of Schole's who share the Teague / Julian cross (all three in black). Schole's even use the same annulet as Yonge's, and it's on the sinister side of the Shield.

We simply trace the Bassus line(ruled Cetis) that married Laevillus to Caracalla Bassianus (200 AD), and from him we jump nearly a millennium to Carricks in Ayrshire. What went on between the time of Caracalla and those Carricks? Was that when the proto-Carrick Craigs / Craigie's / Crags were at Agrigento/Acragas? As Kennati-liner Kennedy's use the Arms of Carrick, note that Tiens'/Thames' were at Chinnor (four miles from Thame), for while they share gold martlets with Cheneys, it appears that the Kennati line goes to Chinnor. Note how Kinners can be using a version of the Cheney Coat. Cheney's were first found in the thick of things for most of the surnames in this part of the discussion. Kinners (anchors) were first found in Fife, and Robert, a brother of an earl of Carrick, was earl of Fife: "In 1390, Robert II [earl of Fife] died and Carrick ascended the throne as Robert [Bruce] III but without authority to rule directly." This king Robert (was previously earl of Carrick), married to Annabel Drummond, was a royal Stewart whose son (David) became ruler of Rothesay.

Although the "opTEM" motto term has connected Teague's with Timms/Time's because both use a rare border feature around their perchevrons, this Teague link to the Thames river is working out well, and as could be expected from the ruling family of Cetis i.e. beginning with the grandchildren of Tigranes and Opgalli. Not only do Tiens'/Thames' have a chevron in colors reversed from the Quint chevron, but, upon their chevron, Tiens' use stars in colors reversed from the Quint stars. Plus, the Tean variation can be from Teano, Italian home of a Sidicini peoples at the Avellino area, the latter being that of Apollo as it traces from Aulon/Avalona (ATINTanes theater) to mythical Avalon (of king Arthur), an island that I have identified as Bute, earlier named, Rothesay. Aulon is smack beside Apollonian near the mouth of the Apsus.

The David above, ruler of Rothesay, was a royal Stewart and therefore a Dol Alan. Moreover, beside Tintagel, there's a Bude location while Bude's are in Bute/Butt colors. German Bute's/Butts are also Boets, like the Boetus house of the Sadducees of Israel that included Caiaphas and Annas, we may assume. And "Sadducee" is much like "Sidicini," and that Sithech term to which Shaws are traced. It is logical to trace "Thames" to ArTEMIS, twin sister of Apollo, and therefore to an old THEMIScyra location on a Thermodon river to which I trace "Drummond," and the latter are apparently in the bars of Damorys/Amori's and Amore's, both first found in the same place (Oxfordshire) as Tiens'/Thames' and Peare's/Pearls, and suspect with the Leavell bars. The sources of the Thermodon were near Cetis / Olba.

Peare's (same chevron as Tiens') are included now because I feel I had a string of events in my life, along with a recent dream, revealing that Mr. Kepke, who stole Miss Peare from me, is to be viewed as a symbol of Syphax. The short dream: Kepke walking up my driveway followed by a sickly stag and a bearded man in crutches behind the stag. End of dream. I awoke immediately after it, and shared it with readers. It's known that a crutch symbol evolved into the heraldic potent cross used, for example, by Croce's, a branch of Crutch's/Crooch's/Crouch's and therefore a line of mythical Creusa, likely.

Tiens share the martlets of Coverts/Cofferts, and Peare's share the leopard face of Coverts/COFFerts and French/Scottish Gallens/Gallants. It reminds me that Miss Covert was married to Mr. Maness while Maness' honor the Parrs that use the Coat of German Gallers/Gallens exactly, making Parrs suspect with an Annabel/Hannibal line too. Parrs use another "woman's head" in Crest (shared by Lards).

Hmm, Coffert-possible CEPHeus (like "Caiaphas") was mythical king of TEGea, not far from the Ladon river. This Cepheus had a daughter, Asterope, and one of several mythical Asterope's was made the foundress (with Zeus as mate) of Acragas! It looks like the "Teg" motto term of Acragas-liner Gilberts is for this Tegea line!! This is a great key to have. ASTERope (Ishtar elements?) was chiefly an Atlas = Atlantean liner and can therefore go exactly to Oenomaus of Pisa (Laden / Peneus river areas), and to Atalanta, wife of Meleager, king of Calydon.

"The reputed prehistoric founder of Tegea was [mythical] Tegeates, a son of Lycaon", which traces Tegea's founders to some relationship with Lycaonia (old wolf symbol), a real area to the near-north of the Cetis / Olba area at the Taurus mountains that likely gave Zeus the Taurus symbol. "Ancient Tegea was an important religious center of ancient Greece, containing the Temple of Athena Alea." Athena was from the Atun sun god of the son of queen TIYE, and thus it can appear that the "TEG" motto term of Gilberts traces as the Yuya>Tiye line through to Tegea. I recently showed why the Tiye line went to the Spartans (south of Tegea) in relation to the Leda-branch Ladon dragon, and to the Taygeti mountains...that might just have named Tegea. From this picture, we still need to go to the Gela Sicilians at Agrigento, but if there had been a basic relationship between Gela's people and Cilicians, it can explain why Gala Numidians could return to Cilicia in time to set up Caiaphas and the rest of the Israeli wolf pack.

It recalls my impression that the Gels/Gileki of ancient Gilan named Cilicia and Colchis, the latter being home of the Ares dragon that was also at Thebes, home of Atun-liner Aedon (right beside Athens), and later, when this dragon was resurrected, its men were called "Sparti." Tegea is in Arcadia, birthplace of Hermes proper, whose son, Pan, was symbol of Panias (mount Hermon) smack beside Laish and Daphne. If one follows the Taygeti mountain system to its extreme north, there's Tegea. Hermes was made born at a mountain system that I trace tentatively to the naming of "Cilnius" (included Maecenas, husband of Terentia).

In the 5th century BC, there was a Gelo character (non-mythical) of Gela, predating Gala of Numidia by a couple of hundred years. "Gelo (died 478 BC), son of Deinomenes, was a 5th-century BC ruler of Gela and Syracuse and first of the Deinomenid rulers." Was this the line to Deins / Diens/Dives', both first found in the same place as Coverts/Cofferts? Remember, Diens/Dives (patee crosses trace to eastern Sicily) were at Diva, a Daphne-suspect town ruled by Meschins i.e. from the Gala Numidians. Hmm.

"Gelo was the son of Deinomenes. His ancestors according to Herodotus came from the island of Telos [between Rhodes and Kos] in the Aegean Sea and were the founders of the city of Gela in southern Sicily. One of his relatives, Telines [in honor of Telchines?] was said to have reconciled his people after a period of civil strife through the divine rites of the Earth Goddesses, and all his descendants continued a tradition of priesthood in the cult of these goddesses, which included Demeter." That sounds like the mythical Gaia earth mother, wife of Uranus, parents of Cronus expected at Corinth, home, almost-exactly, of mythical Telchis. Plus, this Telos / Telines line can go to Lucy Taillebois, wife of Le Meschin.

The Ajax cult of the Kennati of Olba was mythically related to TELamon, father of Teucer of Cyprus. "[Teucer] further married EUNE, daughter of Cyprus or Cinyras, and had by her a daughter Asteria." That looks like a Sterope / Asterope line with a OEN = Levite-of-Laish line. Cyprus was also made into mythical Kypris, the alternative name of the Hebrew line of Aphrodite, whose birthplace was made on Cyprus. "CYPRus" is therefore strongly traceable to the Khabur/Habur tributary of Aphrodite-like Euphrates, home of the Mitanni that put forth Yuya, father of queen Tiye. As Yuya and Tiye were born in Chemmis/Khemmis while the Kemmis surname is also Kenys, like the Kinners, note how the latter, and it's Kinnier variation, is like "CINYRas" above. It's making Cinyras suspect with the naming of the Kennati priests, especially as the shore at Olba faces Cyprus.

This Aphrodite loved Ares, and his dragon became the Sparti while the Spartan, mythical king AGAMEMnon, was realized, about a week or two ago, as code for AKHMIM, the alternative name of Chemmis. Ares was resolved as the same Hros line as Hera, from the namers of Hierosolyma (Jerusalem), which was earlier Salem, and that can therefore trace to Cyprus' Salamis, the city founded by Teucer above.

"Gelo found a powerful ally in Theron, tyrant of Acragas, a city west of Gela, after he married Theron's daughter, Demareta." In Theron's article, "Theron died 473 BC), son of AENASidamus, was a Greek tyrant of the town of Acragas in Sicily from 488 BC." I had read that AENEAS and Creusa had been in Acragas before founding the Romans. The black Yonge wolf can link to the black Carrick talbot, the difference being that the Carricks trace to Talbot liners now suspect with either the Telchines or the Telos elements said to have been in Gela ancestry. The Yonge wolf can go to Oeno liners in Lycaonia, and we might guess correctly that Telamon was a Telos / Teline merger with Lycaonians that went to Agrigento with its Gelo-of-Gela family, where they met Apsus-river elements as well as Dougga's Numidians / Amazons. Teucer's mother was HeSIONE, probably the same entity as Iasion, brother of Dardanus and founder of the Kabeiri overwhich Aphrodite's official husband (Hephaestus) was ruler.

Hesione was "daughter of King LaoMEDON of Troy, sister of Priam..." As I trace Keturah (other wife of Biblical Abraham) to mythical Medon of Athens, and as I trace "Priam" to "Abraham/Abram)," it speaks for itself. Medon's brother was made a founder of HephAEStus-suspect Ephesus, where mythical PanDAReus ruled that should explain DARdanus. Pandareus was the father of Aedon (yes the line from Yuya's family), and her male counterpart, Aeson, was likely identical to such terms as Iasion / IXION, Sion liners. When we are dealing with pagan lines from Abraham (lived in Hebron, near Jerusalem), we could expect lines from Hebron's Anaki Amorites (from the Euphrates river) to the Annackers/Anchors at Agrigento.

"The first notable myth Hesione is cited in is that of Hercules, who saves her from a sea monster." View Hercules as the extension of a pagan Samson cult to Samothrace, home of Dardanus and IaSION. Hercules married HEBE, daughter of Hera = Hierosolyma. In his article, Teucer is said to be a Danaan, as was Hercules, and as was Perseus who saved a daughter of another king Cepheus from a sea monster. We get it. This daughter was AndroMEDA, a possible line from Medan, son of Keturah. Another son of Keturah, Midian, may even have named the Mitanni. PERSeus was resolved with "Paris," a son of Priam and therefore nephew (i.e. in the family circle) of Hesione. In Jerusalem, Zion was ruled by Hebe-like Jebusites, feasibly from Jabesh, and feasibly the namers of Joppa, where Perseus saved Andromeda.

Let's go back to king Cepheus of Tegea, whose daughter was foundress of Acragas. This Cepheus term, from the Cephissus river near Athens / Boeotia, can be the thing that named Syphax / Caiaphas. Boeotia may have named the Boetus house of Sadducees. I feel comfortable with the insinuation I'm making. A trace to Cephissus-river elements to southern Sicily along with proto-Boetus liners, then over to the Gala Numidians, and to Syphax, a Getuli Numidian. Gelo's article says that Carthaginians were ruling western Sicily and gearing up for war against Theron of Acragas. While no Theron surname comes up, Terons bring up Tarents/Terrents, a line very suspect to Childeric and Basina many centuries after Theron. Wikipedia says that the Cilnius surname was in Arettium from at least the 4th century BC, the time roughly of Theron's grandparents. The invading Carthaginians were under the command of Hamilcar, the name also, later, of Hannibals' father. Gelo, stationed at Syracuse, won the day for this battle.

Here in Syracuse of that time period is an excellent place to trace the Saraca's of Kotor, the latter location beside Butua (Boeotian suspect from Cadmus), and expected from the fish-depicted Kodros > Medon line in the fish symbol of Saraca's. Cadmus (= Tyrians = proto- Carthaginians) was made a brother of Cilix = Cilicia, a potential mother stock of Gelo's ancestry. Cadmus' sister, Europa, was raped (myth terminology only) by Zeus elements at the Taurus mountains / Tarsus of Cilicia. "Gelo died in 478 BC after ruling Syracuse for seven years. Control of his kingdom passed to his brother Hieron." HIERON??? A Jerusalem element from way back? "Gelo] built an ornate temple dedicated to the goddess Athena."

It's interesting that sickles, a potential symbol of Sicilians, is used by Hiers/Here's. They share blue wings with German Her(t)zogs and the English Here's first found in the same place (beside Masseys) as Shawia-Numidian-suspect Ayers/Eyers. I've always considered these Here's a Massey-related line but had no knowledge of Hieron/Hiero until now. If this is a correct trace, it is a great key for linking Gelo's family to king Massena's father. While Here's are traced (in their write-up) to Peverels, Beverlys use a "patria" motto term, reminding of my trace to the first Herod to AntiPATRIA, for "Herod" may be in "HERTzog."

Hertzogs use a bend with symbols in the colors of the same of Cheneys (bull's scalp), first found in BUCKINGham, while Beverleys share the white bull heads of BUCKleys/Bulkellys. That looks like a reliable link all around. The Beverly bull head in Crest is in the design of the same of Anchors/Annackers. If "BulKELLY" is indication of merger with Kellys, it's interesting that while Kelly use the so-called EnFIELD griffin, the Fields share three white garbs with Peverels, and that's all either surname shows. The Shield-and-Chief color combination of Anchors is that in the Arms of Agrigento so that, indeed, Hertzogs and Here's / Hiers can trace to Hiero of Gela. The Hertzog stars are even colors reversed to those of Tiens'/Thames while the latter's Chief looks like a colors-reversed version of the Anchor Chief, and the Tiens martlets are gold, as are the Cheney martlets.

In Hiero's article, his brother is "Gelon," and then, zowie, can we believe it: Gelons (batons) use the Lady/Laudyman annulets that are a version of the Anchor Coat! This is very-opportunistic material. Bat-using Batons (Cornwall) were first found beside the Baths/Atha's that trace to bat-using Randolphs of Moray, and the first earl of Moray, Thomas Randolph, is at his Wikipedia article with the lozenges of Anchors, Agrigento-important because he was the son of Marjory Carrick.

Aha! The Gelin variation of Gelons reminded me of Jells/Gills/Gells (Derbyshire, same place as Here's and Eyers) that use the bend-with-stars of Hertzogs!!!!! Now I know as fact that these surnames go to Gelo and Hiero. Now I know, but let's add that Gale's were in Tintagel, a location where Gelons/Gelins were first found. Does Tintagel really trace to king Gala the Numidian? While Here liners share the wing with Dien/Dives', and while the latter have patee crosses in the colors of the Gelon / Herzog stars, let's repeat the Gelo and Hiero were sons of DEINomenes, and that Miss. Covert was firstly married to Mr. Dein. Jells/Gells are in Carrick colors, both sharing a black dog.

"During his reign, [Hiero] greatly increased the power of Syracuse. He removed the inhabitants of Naxos and CATANa to LEONtini, peopled Catana (which he renamed Aetna) with Dorians, concluded an alliance with Acragas (Agrigentum)... This reminds me of my trace to Porcius Cato, and the Cato/Chattan surname, to Peare-suspect Pierleoni of Rome. It continues: "His most important military achievement was the defeat of the Etruscans and Carthaginians at the Battle of Cumae (474 BC), by which he saved the Greeks of Campania from Etruscan domination." Cumae reminds that Marjory Carrick first married Adam Kilconquhar, son of Miss Comyn. The Comyn Coat is almost the Peverel Coat, and Peverels are in the Here write-up. Cumae is near Naples.

Fast-forward to Hiero II (308 BC – 215 BC), "the Greek Sicilian Tyrant of Syracuse from 270 to 215 BC, and the illegitimate son of a Syracusan noble, Hierocles, who claimed descent from Gelon." Then go to Hieronymus, "a tyrant of Syracuse. He succeeded his grandfather, Hiero II, in 215 BC." Hieronymus was under Carthage and opposed to the Romans at the same time that Massena was. If Massena's father was from the family of Hiero II, it can explain why Massena got such a name, for Syracuse is beside Messina.

Wikipedia doesn't give family members. From another article:

HIERONYMOS (or Hieronymus) was the son of Gelo and Nereis. He succeeded his grandfather Hiero as king of Syracuse in 215 BC when he was about 15 years old. In his will Hiero had installed fifteen guardians over Hieronymos, including Adranodoros and Zoippos, the husbands of Hiero's two daughters, Damarata and Heraclia. Adranodoros rapidly established himself as Hieronymos's main counselor at the urging of Damarata.

Hieronymos ascended the throne at a critical time in Syracuse's history. His grandfather had signed a treaty with Rome some fifty years before and was a loyal ally of Rome. But now Rome and Carthage were in the midst of the Second Punic War and Rome was losing badly following Hannibal's invasion of Italy (218 BC) and Rome’s catastrophic defeat at Cannae (216 BC). Hieronymos's father Gelo, who died shortly after Cannae [war won by Hannibal against Romans in Apulia], was in favor of joining the Carthaginian side, as were his uncles, Adranodoros and Zoippos. Hieronymos consequently courted Hannibal and received two of Hannibal's generals...

This reminds me of Massena joining the Romans and betraying Carthage just because the war tide turned in the favor of Rome. Information on Gelo, Hieronymos' father, is missing thus far in my search. Wikipedia doesn't even mention Gelo in either Hiero's or Hieronymos' article. Gelo He lived at the time of Gala (Massena's father). The article above says, "...the reigns of Hiero and Gelo..." I have yet to read what happened to king Gelo, but it seems he reigned either before his son, or for a few weeks / months between his son and HieroNYMOS. Might the latter indicate the naming of Numidians, or the Nimo/Newmarch/Nemmoke surname (same place as Scottish Chappes', beside the first Shaws)? The latter surname has a "show" motto term that should be for the Shows/SCHAWs/Schore's. Note that while Shaws are in the motto of the Arms of Ayrshire, Nimo's use the saltire in the Arms of Ayrshire. Recalling the gold rooster of Galli's and Gays, see another one in the Crest of NemMOKE-possible Moke's (Shore/Sure colors). Moke's share the red crescent, in colors reversed from the Show/Schaw crescents, with Nimo's/Nemmoke's. The Moke crescent is in the colors of the Speer crescents.

Why does it appear that Shore liners are Shaw liners? Shore's/Sure's were first found in the same place as Ayers/Eyers / Here's and Jells/Gells. German Schore's (kin of Rose's and Bosco's, in Bush/Bosch colors) were first found in the same place as Gallers/Gallens. As Otto SKORzeny ratted- out of the Scherff family, whom he claimed to be "adopted" (illegally protected) by the Bush family in America, why do Schore's and Schere's/Scherfs share the red rose unless Scherfs too were related to Rose's and Bosco's / Buschs/Bush's? Bush liners may be in the Boast/Bois/Boze surname that should be in the "boast" motto term of Nimo's/Nemmoke's/Nemmocks/NewMARCH's. A Bosco surname is in the Boast/Bois write-up. The Coat is in the right colors for, and shares the crescent with, the Sarasins. The Boast/Bois bend-with-cinquefoils are in the three colors of the bend-with-symbols of Shakespeare's, Jells, and Varns. They are all in the colors of the three bends of French March's while English March's Cambridgeshire) share red-on-gold crescents with Nimo's/Newmarch's.

The Jell/Gell bend with stars are in the three colors of the Varn bend with scallops, and the Varni goddess, Nerthus, was traced to the Neretva river Nereids, named after mythical Nereus. We just saw Gelo's wife as, Nereis. The "Qui sera sera" motto of Fulke's (said to be associated with Varni/Warni-like Warrene's) might even be code for the Syracuse entity because the Fulke's Crest is the double-tipped Shakespeare spear while the latter share the Jell/Gell / Varn bend. Why are Fulke's said to be from Fulk Nerra in particular? Was he from the Naro / Neretva river? Was he from Gelo's wife? Looks like. It is fairly established that Fulke's were either a branch of, or a merger with, Flecks who trace with Palmers/Parmers to Palma di Chiaramonte, near Agrigento.

Want to see yet another "qui" motto term? First the Moke/Mock description: "A gold rooster with a gold neck chain, and a silve r shield charged with a red crescent." The Shiels/Shields use "qui" but also the full motto of Shaws. The "Qui"-using Fulke's use a giant fleur in the colors of the same of Shells whose blue-on-white snake is probably that of Visconti's, and may therefore be of Sforza's. The Sforza lion may therefore be in the Coat of German Moke's/Mocks. The "sanz" motto term of Shakespeare's can be for Spanish Sans' that may be using the eagle of Spinks, first found in the same place as Sforza-beloved Quince's. The same snake design is used by Quinns along with crescents in the colors of the same of Shows/Schaws, and the other Quinns share pegasus with Masseys who in-turn use fleur in the colors of the Shell fleur. Nimo's use CINQUEfoils, and a saltire in Quint colors.

The Ottone's, suspect with Ottone Visconti, share the Chappes perchevron while Scottish Chappes', with an "ear" code for Eyers/Ayers = Here's, were first found in the same place as Nimo's, a good reason to keep in mind that Caiaphas was born from Quintus Caepio as he descended from HieroNYMOS. How to prove it? I haven't a clue.

If Gala liners were traditionally Gaia liners, it's interesting for a trace of mythical Gaia to the Gels of Gilan, for they lived in Iran, anciently Eran, while she was the wife of URANus. The latter's sons included Cronus, husband of Rhea whom I trace to modern Rey/Ray, anciently Rhegae smack beside Gilan.

Back to Theron of Acragus: "Theron died in 473 BC and was briefly succeeded by his son Thrasydaeus, before he was defeated by Gelo's brother and successor, Hiero I . After that defeat, Acragas came under the control of Syracuse." Theron's son brought Trasys/Tracys to bear who have a "falcon seizing a mallard," and then Mallards not only show more red crescents, but were first found in Derbyshire (same as Eyers / Here's). Impressive. Mallards (share Chives moline) are listed with Milwards/Milwoods coming up as "Millard." French Sarasins use the moline. Millars use another moline and an "optima" motto term, almost the "optem" of Teague's. Mile's/Mills have another moline, as do Moline's/Moullens. The question is: who was the first Mil-like surname using the moline? That's possibly who the Chives' merged with. The latter were first found in the same place (Devon) as Mallard-using Tracys/Trasys. Hmm.

Here's an alternative Tracey/Trassey Coat, itself also from Devon, beside the Tresure's/Trashers (Somerset). Note that burgundy/maroon color of Trashers, for the Saxon/Septon chaplets are in that rare / specialty color, as is the tressure border of Flemings. The Saxons are kin of Orells, both first found in Lancashire, and both using no bend yet showing two bendlets, same as Traceys/Trasseys. The latter (Hornby colors) are said to be from near Vire, and if this was in the Vire river, it's beside the mouth of the Orne river. Thus far, I haven't seen hard evidence for a trace back to Theron's son. But wait. Trashers/Tresure's were first found in the same place as Trents while Theron-like Terons are listed with Tarents/Terrents, who smack of the Durance river near Orange.

The Moline write-up speaks on Roger de Poictou granting land in Mellard (Lancashire). He's also in the Mellard write- up, where we learn of "Mellinge" of Yorkshire, owned by Wolfa Crag. It just so happens that Crags were first found in Yorkshire, and share the Carrick talbots. This reminds of Fittons and related Haskeths of Lancashire using a Coat like that of Crags. Wolfa Crag also owned Hornebi, and as HORNby's share a red hunting horn with ORANge's, it suggests a Horn / Orne trace to "Orange"...location near mouth of the Durance river.

The Fittons appear to honor the Du Plessis' in their motto, and Plessis' use a version of the Nimo-related March Coat. Bless' came to mind, who list "Blois," and the city of Blois was politically joined to Orleans, which, as a surname, shares red roundels with Orells. Bless' use "An arm holding a bundle of four arrows, points down." It's interesting that Bless'/Blois share a bundle of arrows with Camerons, for there was a Camarina location near Gela / Syracuse. It evokes Camerino in the Italian Marche.

Here's Wikipedia on Syracuse/Seragusa/Sarausa: "The city was founded by Ancient Greek Corinthians and Teneans and became a very powerful city-state. Syracuse was allied with Sparta and Corinth..." Teneans were from Tenea, beside Tegea. Tenea evokes Teano in Campania. Wikipedia has a photo of Syracuse with mount ETNA in the background to which Eatons and Edens trace very well. Eatons share the quadrants of Hykes' / Chives', and the latter's leopard (though called a "cat") may be in the Crest of Sarah's/Sayers that happen to use another version of the Jell/Gell / Varn / Shakespeare bend, this time with cinquefoils so as to be the Boast/Bois bend- with-cinquefoils.

To my amazement and yours, the next thing I did, immediately after writing the paragraph above, was to read that Syracuse's cradle was in ORTygia, prompting a look at Horts/Hurts that happen to use gold-on-black cinquefoils, the Sarah / Boast symbol. Horts share the stag with Hortons (spear in Crest), how about that.

As the Horton spear is "encircled by a dolphin," this could be a Daphne > Dauphine line, wherefore it's notable that the Hort/Hurt fesse is colors reversed from the same of Ladds/Ladons, especially as the latter share black scallops (code for the Sicels to the north of Syracuse) with Edens. Hortons are said to have owned THORNton hall, perhaps a Theron entity. Thorntons share a purple lion with Lacys while a Mr. Lacy is said to have granted land to the ancestors of Hortons. The Thornton lion is gorged with a "ducal coronet," symbol (I think) of Corinth-suspect Coronis.

As a black scallop is shared by the Devon Tracys/Trasseys (and Hykes'), it begins to appear that Thorntons can be from Theron, father of THRASYdaeus, especially as Devon is where Thors/Tours were first found (beside Thrashers/Tresure's and Trents) who share a red tower with Terentia-suspect Murena's. Tracys are said to have been lords of Barnstaple. Edens (same place as Diss') use a version of the Diss Coat which is itself a version of the Tarent/Terrent/Teron Coat.

Thorntons use hawthorn trees, and Hawthorns (more cinquefoils) took like a merger with Tancreds / Tankerville's, for which reason I identify Hawthorns as Hauteville's, the ancestry with Tancreds of the Sicilian Guiscards. Lumleys in the Thornton write-up use "A pelican in her PIETY," and share parrots with Pettys. Arthurs not only use a pelican, but a hurt that now traces excellently to Ortygia. Artems/Aitons (same place as Arthurs) use an "orto" motto term.

I didn't know of an Arrow(e) location in Cheshire until reading the Thornton write-up. Peter Thornton is said to have been the secretary of the BLUNDELs while Bless'/Blois' use a BUNDLE of arrows. French Blundels happen to use a giant spread eagle in colors reversed from the Tarent eagles. Bundle's may be the reason for bendlets, and it's interesting that red bendlets are shared by Tracys/Trasseys and Cheile's, the latter in the motto of Camerons who use bunched arrows ("five arrows tied together"). The Cheile bendlets come with a bend, all in the colors of the bend and bendlets of Belgian Gon(n)e's/Guenets, who were looked up as per the "Gonnelieu" motto of Blundels. Cheile's use "a leg in armor," and English Blonde's/Blunde's (share nebuly with Cheile's) use "an armed shoe." Shoe's use a knight and Knights were Blois kin, both first found in the same place (Suffolk) as English Blonde's/Blunde's (compare with Leavells). French Blundels were first found in the same place (Picardy) as French Blonde's.

As Tracys (same place as Albins) were lords of Barnstaple, a location and surname that traces to Albino's, first found in Modena, let's add that Albino's were near Fanano, which is in code with the so-called GONfanon banner that was owned, according to what I've read, by Montforts. As a red bend is shared by Gaunts, it seems that Gonne's/Guenets were Gaunt liners. This recalls the white-on-black lion of the Arms of Gaunt, perhaps the Montfort / Stock/Stoke lion (expected from Stoke-on-Trent). The Gaunt lion comes with a virgin while Virgo's/Virgins use a lion that is the Montfort lion in colors reversed.

Gaunts are now under serious consideration from the Gala Numidians, but the Gelo line (new to me) complicates things, especially as much heraldry is tracing to it. Wikipedia's article on Gala has the royal tree of kings, nothing of which looks linkable to the Gelo > Hiero line. However, mothers are not shown, and Gala's brother, IZALcas (has other spellings), traces well to Hazels (Cheshire) that share a squirrel CRACKing a nut with Gela- suspect Gilberts. Islips/Haslips may apply too, who were first found in the same place as Cracks / Crags, and moreover Hazels share three crescents on a fesse with Craigs. By a consonant reversal, "Hazel" become the Hulse's that, as per the German branch, share the leaf design of Hazels (and House's), and, as per English Hulse's were first found in the same place as Hazels. Mr. LOGES in the Hulse write-up explains why the Islip/Haslip stag is "LODGEd." You see, it's pretty obvious that houseofnames has lists of related surnames using one anothers designs; otherwise, if the leaf designs were chosen at random, houseofnames would not have used the same design for House's, Hazels and Hulse's.

Below is the king list showing a METZul, a great-great-uncle of Gaia. Metz was married to Pepin of Landen, and while Pepins use a feature of the Webber Coat, the related Weavers were first found in the same place as, and use the fesse of, Hazels. Moreover, I kid you not, the Pepins honor the Mens in their motto while Mens' use a motto phrase, "I zal." It appears that Mens' had Izalcas on the brain. Look on the list for the third line down to Syphax, for as I trace him to Keeps, the latter use a "weaver's shuttle." Metz is in MOSELLE while Gaia belonged to a MASSYLii peoples. While Metz's use an orb, and English Bonds (Mussel / Meschin fesse?) an "Orbis" motto term, Dutch Bonds share a symbol-less red chief with Mens'.

Go to Metzul's grandson, Cafuza, like "Caiaphas." If Metzul was a Matthis- river element, Cafuza could have been a Cavii liner to Chives'/Shevas' (share the Mathis moline). Note that while Lissus is in the land of the Cavii, Metzul's great-grandfather was Iles. The latter's father, AYLimas, may be a line to Ayles'/Ailes' (Kent, land of Numidians), using three vertical bars in the colors of the three Levi chevrons. Iles' father, ZALalsen (same name as Izalcas' father) is probably the origin of the Hazel term.

Massena's death is given in 149 BC, well after the entry of Maccabees into history. As I reckon that Massena elements had to be in Modena because Maccabees were in Modi'in (Israel), note that the Montfort lion, which traced excellently with Banners to Marano-sul-Panaro in Modena, can be the Lodge lion too. The Marano surname, which uses the same lion as Lodge's, was first found in Modena, and shows "Mauritano," and is therefore expected to be a branch of Murena's/Moratins. Before knowing of Marano, I had guessed that Cilnius Maecenas of Arettium (married Terentia Murena) had to have some elements in Modena in order for his ancestry to have founded / named the Maccabees. The latter term was suspect in-part with the Boii of Bologna, but I then learned that Boii had invaded Modena with Hannibal. It's known that the Boii founded Bohemia, and the Arms of Bohemia uses the same two- tailed lion as Montforts. It's all unbelievable, I know, but it's all working too. It looks like Izalcas liners were at Marano.

As you can see, Gaia traces to Juba, king of Mauritano-like Mauritania. Izalcas' sons include Capuca, possibly a Capua element. Capes' and Apps' (Massey colors) share white scallops with Meschins and Saracen- suspect Samsons. The Saracen surname shares three crescents in the colors of the same of Tonbridge's while Clare's of Tonbridge married Meschins, the same Meschins who married Skiptons (share the purple Lacy lion), from the Massena alliance with general Scipio. Massena is given eight children, but no mother is given, and no article I have found tells about these children. One of his sons, STUMBanos, may be to the Stump surname using a version of the Touque / Teague Coat. Touque's (share griffins with Masters) were first found in the same place as MASTers, who may be from Mastanabal, Stumbano's brother.

Another brother was Massgaba, and another yet was Massagen, either of whom can be honored in the "masghii" motto term of Calverts/Colverts, said to originally be "Calbert/Caubert" in Picardy's Abbeville. The Abbe's might have been a branch of Apps'/Abbs, but in any case they formed a MacAbee surname. Compare Cauberts to Cobalds/Cubauds (Calvert colors, share holly with Islips/Haslips), the latter listed with Cabbage's and therefore linking to the "cabbage leaves" of French House's. The latter are simply said to be from CALVados, and the earliest Calverts were "CALVEhide's. English House's, in Abbe colors, were first found in the same place (Berkshire) as Modens/Modeys. As I see Newmans honoring the Abbe's in their motto, I'd say that Cabbage's are using the Newman lion. Recall Calvers/Carvers with the Chappes Moor head when on the character, Pacuvius Calavius, chief magistrate of Capua.

English Colberts (same place as Hazels) are with a giant snake in Calvert/Colvert colors, and Scottish Cuthberts (same snake design) even come up as "Colbert." The "Fatti" motto term of Calverts is, as with the "fato" of Cheneys, code for Fade's/Fatmore's sharing the gold Cheney martlets, but in both colors of the Covert/Coffert martlets, making it very difficult to figure out what the original Calverts/Colverts/Baltimore's were. I link Cheneys to Salemans while Salmons share the salmon with MacAbee's.

English Blundels (compare with Saltire's and Besancons) are said to have been over Ince. I've read, if I recall correctly, that Blundels were a line from Meschins. Blundels have a Mordaunt entity in their write-up while Mordaunts use a "blackamoor" head, linkable to the Moor child originally in the Visconti snake. This is a good way to help prove that Ince's trace to Insubres at Milan. Mordaunts (Mauritanians?) are said to be from Turvey, and Turveys are said to be of Turville (in Champagne), but as I've seen a Torville location as "Torcy," see that the Jell/Gell bend is again in use with Torcys. Of the multiple Torcy/Torville locations, one was home to the Harcourts from which Robert Beaumont, and therefore the Leavells, descended.

Harcourts (half the double Annabel/Hannibal bars) are in Anchor colors, and are said to have owned an island in the Thames river, owned by a Mr. Harcourt of ANKERwycke House. This should explain why the Tiens'/Teans/Thames' (same place as Harcourts) use a Chief that looks like it's a colors- reversed version of the Anchor Chief. It just so happens that while Mens' are said to be a branch of manners, Maness'/Manners (double fesse bars) share the peacock design of Harcourts (until houseofnames changes it by request of someone that doesn't want this link to Izalcas / Mauritania). I have claimed by multiple methods that Danes (some called "dark Danes" anciently) trace to Moors in north Africa, and that the Danish lines were proud of it...until it comes to admitting it to the outsiders = general public.

The two Harcourt bars are in the colors of the three of Camerons, and so the "Aonaibh" motto term of Camerons now looks good as code for Annabels/Hannibals and/or Annaba in Numidia. Camerons are said to be from royal Danes. These bars are in the colors of the Arms of Meulan/Mellent (identical to the English Vaux/Vallibus Coat for a reason), a place ruled by Robert Beaumont, and then the Harcourt write-up speaks on a Harcourt battle against the earl of MELLENtin. The Mellent surname is listed with Scottish Milans (known to be the Buchanan lion but I say it's the Well lion too). As per "Vallibus," note that Valleys use the Cameron Coat in colors reversed. Robert Beaumont descended from Humphrey de Vieilles. As Valleys were first found in Brittany, I'm guessing that they use the three, red Fuller bars.

HARcourts may even be Here liners to Hiero of Gela / Syracuse. The Harcourt motto phrase, "Le bon temps," gave the impression of a Thames variation. I tried for "Themes" and got the Tyne's/Thems with a "J'ai bonnes" motto phrase looking like part-code for Gaia (Izalcas' brother). This makes a fair case for tracing both Tyne rivers to Thames liners. Tyne's are said to be from Botville's in a Pictou area of France that I cannot find. The Picots / Bigots may apply.

If you'd like to search for Izalcas, use another form of the name. For example, "Oezalces (Izalcas : father of Capussa & LacuMAZES)"...a term like the Mazyes Amazons. "Capussa" is another Caiaphas-like name. Earlier, we saw it as Capuca, suspect with Capua's/Capone's, who use a lion head in the colors of the Levi lions. Here is a Capuss surname and its variations, using what looks like a version of the jay- using Poitvin Coat (potential Botville's to the Tyne's/Themes'). Capuss' were first found in the same place as Besancons/Bassets.

It now becomes apparent that Massena's more-popular name, MassiNISSA, is the reason that Nice's / Ness' share the double bars of Annabels/Hannibals in the same colors. However, I had traced Nice's, Nests and Ness' to mythical Nestor in Pylos, a city in Messene. It was right beside Levite- suspect Methoni/Modon, the makings of "Modena."

Syphax rules a Masaeisylian peoples. You can see why I hardly ever quote that term, as I can never recall how to spell it. It looks like a Massey-Hazel combination, and may have named Julia Maesa and the Maezaei that I normally trace to Massena instead. Perhaps Masseys were from the Syphax bunch while Meschins/Masculine's / Mussels/Muscels were from Massena's Massylii. Details on Gaia's family, including the introduction of a Mazaetullus character, can be found in the book below. Gaia's birth is given about 240.

Mazaetullus comes to the support of Lacumazes against his brother Capussa in a civil war for the throne...a typical conflict of the worldly stupids, who purchase Hell for their souls in return for a decade or less of luxurious living and "honor" (if they can get it). I've just looked up Lacks, listed with Leech's but first found in the same place as Masseys / Maceys, and they use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Men's with a reflection of the Anchor / Lady Coats. As Lacks/Leech's are also LEETch's, perhaps Ladys and Lauds had been branch's. This is pretty good material, for Izalcas has already traced to the motto of Mens', and this civil war was between his two sons. Lauds/Lords are the ones with a single fesse bar in the colors of the two of Parrs whom are in-turn honored in the motto of double-bar Maness'/Manners (share the peacock of double-bar Harcourts). It seems that all double fesse bars are tracing to north Africa, as should Fessys/Face's/Vasseys. We have seen the snake in the Lack/Leetch Crest before. In the other page, Lacumazes is "LacuMACES."

The writer explains that, at Izalcas' death, the heir would be a brother, not a son. This left Massena out of the running, wherefore he appealed to general Scipio in order to oust Lacumazes. That is, Massena would betray all in his country to form an alliance with the Romans. However, as the writer claims, Massena didn't need the Romans to remove Lacumazes. No sooner had Massena become king of the Massylii that Syphax routed his army, causing him to flee to the wilderness. This is what had Massena's fate with Scipio. Syphax was captured, Hannibal was ruined, and Massena made the king of Numidia, all on account of Scipio's successes at this time. In a footnote on page 257, we can read that a Servilius Caepio came to Sicily in 202 BC with the intention of invading Carthage, apparently, because Scipio had accepted peace terms with the city. The only thing it adds is that he was forbidden by the Romans to come to Africa.

The Caepio above was:

Gnaeus Servilius Caepio (died 174 BC) was a Roman statesman who served as Roman consul in 203 BC.

He was elected Pontiff in 213 BC, replacing C. Pupilius MASO; he became Aedile in 207, celebrating the Ludi Romani three times. In 205 he became Praetor. He was the last Roman general to fight in Italy against H annibal; after the latter left Italy, Caepio crossed over into Sicily planning to go from there into Africa. The Roman Senate, fearing that Caepio would ignore their commands, created a dictator Publius Sulpicius Galba Maximus to recall him. Later on, in 192 BC, he was sent as a legate into Greece to rile up the Roman allies in a potential conflict with Antiochus the Great.

I don't think we can trace "Caiaphas" both to "Caepio" and one of the Caiaphas-like names in Numidia. But one can have more than one suspect in a mystery. By what coincidence does a Caepio get involved with the situation exactly at the rise of Massena, and moreover this Caepio follows on the heels of Mr. Maso, a high, religious stupid? It recalls that a Fannius Caepio sought to usurp the throne of Augustus with the help of some Massey liner. I forget the details, but thought it was curious that "Fannius" was like Fanano in Modena, or like the Fane surname that shares the gauntlet glove with Maceys. Wikipedia traces Servilius to a grandson, Quintus Servilius Caepio (a man in 140), but goes no further to Quintus Servilia Caepio, the military general, a man in 105. Nor does the Wikipedia writer on the latter Caepio give the name of his father. One may assume that it was all one line.

The Fannius conspiracy was with Aulus Terentius Varro Murena, brother of Terentia, yes, wife of Cilnius Maecenas.

Eclipse Update

Dave Williams, who manages NASA's fact sheet on the moon, wrote me back (much appreciated) in mid October, but still did not provide the three angular sizes of the moon. He didn't even mention why not. He's ignoring this request, making me more suspicious of NASA. He gave a page (below) that gives the lunar distance for any second of any day over a three year period only, now showing 2015-2017 (should show 2016-2018 starting in January 2017), and this allows us to figure the angular sizes ourselves for any point in time, but does not allow us to have the three sizes: smallest- ever, largest-ever and the average between them. The smallest-ever and largest-ever allow us to test against NASA's reported lunar distances. Apparently, NASA is hiding something on this matter.

The page from Dave (below) has a link where one can purchase a MICA program for obtaining lunar / solar distances for any point in time, to within fractions of a second, in all other years. Very apparently, NASA is not providing this information, at least not freely. MICA is from the Naval Observatory, and the latter's distances and other information may be from NASA to begin with. If so, it suggests that NASA is making money off the people while permitting the Observatory to sell it. It is not moral (and may not be legal) for NASA, paid for by the people, to be selling the people its information.

The page gives lunar distances to within a couple of kilometers of the distances in the apogee-perigee calculator. As soon as lunar distances are available for 2018, one can have NASA's lunar distance for the central-path, total eclipse of July 27, 2018. It's one of the necessities for showing NASA wrong in its lunar eclipse pages. The other necessity is the lunar velocity at any one time, but Dave's page above does not provide these. NASA reports false umbra diameters that serve its solar-distance hoax. The sun is not, as evolutionists report, 93 million miles away. The expanded the size of the solar system greatly because they wanted a big universe for giving enough time for the erroneous process of evolution.

To test what I'm doing, or to fiddle with it more, load all the mentioned webpages on separate browsers.

The eclipse of 2018 is just 14.5 hours after the moon reaches apogee (5:45am UT, July 27), and the apogee-perigee calculator tells that the lunar distance at apogee will be 406,222 kilometers = 252,415 miles. We can estimate the lunar distance 14.5 hours later. For example, when the moon will be at apogee on May 12 of 2017, the calculator says that it will be 406,210 kilometers away. Dave's page gives the same distance for that time. Dave's page then gives the distance 14.5 hours later. On his eclipse page, Fred Espenak says: "The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2018 Jul 27 at 20:22:54 TD (20:21:45 UT1). This is 0.6 days after the Moon reaches apogee."

The precise difference in time between apogee and the 2018 eclipse is 14 hours, 37 minutes. We just add that span to the 19:52 pm for the apogee on May 12, 2017 to find how much closer the moon dropped toward earth. We go to Dave's page and enter 10:29 am on May 13 (because that's 14 hours, 37 minutes after 19:52). The lunar distance is now said to be 406,066 kilometers, a difference of 144 kilometers (89.5 miles) from apogee. We can now find the approximated lunar distance for the eclipse of 2018 by removing 144 kilometers from the apogee distance of 406,222 at that eclipse, or 406,078 kilometers.

Next, load the page below and focus on its Fig. 2-4, where you see a drawing of the earth shadow during a lunar eclipse. If we want to know the angle of a line from the edge of the sun, across the edge of the earth, to the umbra where the moon passes through it, we must have the lunar distance. We can now have NASA's lunar distance for the total eclipse of 2018. I guarantee you that the umbra width we come up with, using an unassailable method, will be hundreds of miles greater than the NASA page for the same eclipse. That's because NASA needs an umbra line at a different angle than the reality in order for the umbra line to meet the edge of the sun at 93 million miles away.

To find the correct angle of the umbra line for the coming eclipse, we enter 406066 (no commas) kilometers in the edge-b box of the triangle calculator below. The edge-b box represents the length of line b in the drawing below. This line, in the drawing above, is not shown. It is to be imagined starting at the bottom edge of the earth circle, and extending 406,066 kilometers directly horizontal on the page (in the direction of the umbra). In the drawing below, the A point is at the bottom of the earth in the drawing above. The C point below is at the other end of the horizontal line 406,066 kilometers away. We need to know the distance between C and B, which will get us the angle for line c, which is the line to the edge of the sun. This angle is the holy grail for proving NASA a fraud, and we find that NASA makes it difficult for us to find this angle. It's not a coincidence. All we need now is the lunar velocity at the time of the eclipse, but NASA's not wanting to reveal its velocities for eclipses.

Point B is the edge of the umbra. So long as we have the lunar distance, we can find the distance to the edge of the sun, providing we also have the distance between B and C. To know the distance between B and C, we need the diameter of the umbra. But NASA has altered the true times of the eclipse data in order to shrink the umbra a few hundred miles. That's why the coming eclipse of 2018 is important for proving NASA's fraudulent treatment of lunar eclipses. Someone needs to measure the true time between the point in which the moon's edge first contacts the umbra, to the time when the same edge contacts the opposite side of the umbra. That time span can provide the length of the umbral path of the moon, which will be very close to the umbral diameter in the case of this near-central eclipse. Yes, I did say that all we need now is the lunar velocity, but that can be obtained with reliability only if we know the diameter of the umbra.

There are two ways to find the length of the umbral path, which is marked U1 to U3 on the pages by Fred Espenak. One, by knowing the lunar velocity along with the true time between U1 and U3. If the true time is not given, the fraud will be betrayed by the false velocity for the U1-U2 part of the path; the lunar velocity will not work out correctly. The distance traveled between U1 and U2 is one lunar diameter = 2,160 miles. If we also know the time span for the moon to cross that distance, we will know the lunar velocity, which can be used to easily calculate the distance between U1 and U3. That's all we need now to prove NASA a fraud. Here is what I wrote Dave:

...Doesn't NASA have a program that tells the position of the moon, and velocity, at any day that's simply fed into a box? Now that would be easy...

I would ask for just one more thing: NASA's smallest and largest angular sizes of the moon, and their precise distances. I can't find these reliably anywhere.

People today, accustomed to email, simply don't bother to treat all the questions asked. One needs to mail them again to get answers. It is rude for someone not to respond, but then it's also a headache to respond to everyone's questions. But I wasn't asking much, and the emails were all short. I asked him three times for the angular sizes of the moon, and I've written in again yesterday to ask for them. I don't think he's ignoring me because he doesn't want the workload of finding the figures. It may be that NASA's policy, known to Dave, is not to release what NASA uses for these sizes. As you can see, I asked for a calculator providing lunar velocities at any time requested of it. Dave did not respond to that request. You might have better luck. Let me know if you get the calculator, thank you if you do. The only other way to get the velocity is by having the true times for U1, U2, and U3 in a central-path eclipse. Astronomers need to call NASA out on this.

When the distance between U1 and U3 is falsely given as too small, the lunar velocity between U1 and U2 is made slower than the reality. For the total eclipse of July, 2000, which was more central than the one in 2018, the NASA people (i.e. Fred Espenak) implied a lunar velocity of 2,000 mi/hr, which is far slower than NASA's slowest-ever moon of 2,156.4 mi/hr. And that's why NASA does not provide lunar velocities on its eclipse pages, because NASA is involved in a hoax. And it knows it. I have just given you all the information you need to know to prove the hoax for yourself, if you care to exercise it. Here is the eclipse of July 16, 2000:

It's as simple as this: providing that NASA is reporting the true lunar diameter and lunar distances, a central-path lunar eclipse can be used to find the true distance to the sun. All we need, in addition to the lunar diameter, the lunar distance at an eclipse, and the true times for U1, U2, and U3, is the angular size of the sun during the eclipse, but the latter is provided by the eclipse pages.

We need the angular size of the sun because we need two lines from earth to sun in order to find how far it is. Where two lines meet, that's where the sun sits. Once we have the umbra line to the edge of the sun, we also figure in the angular-size line (there are two for each, but we need only one of each). This line begins at a point on the earth, either at the surface (facing the sun) or at the core, it doesn't matter much where we start it. The angular-size line happens to go to the edge of the sun, same place as the umbra line. They meet there. It means that, if we have the angle of both lines, we can know how far the sun is. This is so fundamental that we can also know one more thing: astronomers are involved in a hoax because no one -- NO ONE THAT I HAVE FOUND -- has ever put forward this two- line method for finding the solar distance. And that's because the method gets a sun far closer than 93 million miles, but also because the lines don't lie. They are straight lines, and one can figure out, manually, how far from earth they meet. By manually, I mean wholly apart from a triangle calculator, but the latter are available online and shame NASA, if only astronomers would have the integrity to call NASA out on this fraud.

How does NASA live with itself? Not by enjoying life as it can be, for liars bring poor-quality life upon themselves. It's a universal law of God. When people commit fraud and are proud of it, the law of God is to lay off of those people when calamity strikes them. There will be no help from God...until they are repentant, which means that they must admit the fraud and correct it. It would be very hard for the leaders at NASA to admit this wrong, precisely because it is so shameful.

You can look up angular size online. It is defined as two lines extended to the opposite edges of any object, and starting at one point, for example at the eye-piece of a telescope, or your eye. The angular size is conveniently given in degrees so that one automatically has the angle of each line. If the angular size of the sun is .533 degree, which is it's average size, each line is half .533 degree. A triangle calculator will instantly tell you how far that line has spread, from the start point, at any given distance from the start point. You might be asking, spreading out from what? Each of the two lines spread out from a central line between them laid out from earth core to solar core. When seeking the distance to the sun, the spread of each line represents the solar radius, and of course when the two lines are added they provide the solar diameter.

There is only one way to find where the lines meet once we know that the umbra line starts at the edge of the earth while the angular-size line starts at the center of the earth. That is, once we know that they begin a half earth diameter apart, the race is on. If they started at the same place, we could not use them to find the solar distance because they are already meeting from the start. But if they do not begin at the same place, we know that they must meet at some point. We find their meeting place by first finding now far the angular-size line nears the umbra line per one mile toward the sun. It's that easy.

If, for example, the angular size line is .26 degree while the umbra line is .2 degree, one enters each number separately in the angle-A box of this triangle calculator. For each of the two entries, put 1 in the edge-b box, then hit the Calculate button for find the distance in spread in the edge-a box. It really is that easy. We can use either kilometers or miles. For the entry of .26, the edge-a box reads .00454 miles/kilometers of spread per 1 mile/kilometer toward the sun. For the entry of .2, the edge-a box reads . 00349 miles/kilometers of spread per 1 mile/kilometer toward the sun. The umbra line is not spreading as much as the angular-size line, meaning that the latter will catch up to the umbra line eventually.

To find how far from earth they meet, subtract .00349 from .00454 to get . 00105. Then, because the lines begin one earth radius (3,959 miles) apart, divide 3,959 by .00105 to get 3.77 million miles, no-where near 93 million miles. There is nothing wrong with this method. Straight lines do not lie, the math is simple, and the method unassailable.

When I began online searches in roughly 1997, it wasn't long until Google started to give the public every page with whatever search phrase they used. For example, if one of my pages had the phrase, "November eclipse was in the ocean", Google would be sure to bring up that page while not bringing up any page without the phrase. It was a darn good system for finding information. Google then changed things, and started to ignore the phrase you were after while bringing up suggestions for what you might be after. It cluttered up the searches. and reeked of something rotten. There can be only one explanation for this: the powers that be did not want the public to search key phrases because it allowed the public to overwhelm certain bodies that run the world and the Internet. We are not to have the key abilities that the spy agencies, for example, have, in order to secure available information. Nor are certain groups / individuals to have the the Internet footprint of others because Google sides with one while opposing the other.

To put it another way, you will not find every page with the phrase you are after, if Google blacklists some of the pages. And this is what Google does. I am a witness of it. For example, I have a page (1st update this past October) with the phrase, "November eclipse was in the ocean", but Google claims that no such page exists, suggesting that my NASA material has been blacklisted, not to come up for anyone under certain conditions. The same page of mine has the phrase, "Fred's sun-size angle," but Google says that no such phrase exists on the Internet. I cannot complain to Google because the public is not permitted to contact it. Just go ahead and try.

It tends to mean that Google is in bed with NASA, and that Google has agreed that my material is dangerous. If it were not dangerous, NASA would not ask Google to blacklist the pages. In my first update of September, there is the phrase, "the moon has dropped after 80,400 miles", but Google doesn't acknowledge that either, which is cause for a law suit (which I am considering). My last page of NASA material, prior to this one, was the 2nd update of October. In the 3rd of October, I went purely back to heraldry, and it includes the phrase, "Speers, first found in Renfrewshire". As I expected, Google and/or NASA are reading my pages, and targeting only the NASA material. I feel more than slighted by this, and should ask a lawyer how much money there is for being treated in this way. My life may even be in danger if NASA is visiting my webpages to see all that I write.

Going back to the 2nd update in August, with the phrase, "NASA is away on leave," and "umbra turned out to be 1.037", Google does not bring up this page. For some reason, Google does bring up the 1st, 3rd and 4th updates of August,. There are different explanations possible, but perhaps it's because blacklisting every NASA-mentioning page would make Google look unquestioningly guilty. Whether a person is specifically Google-searching for my pages or not, no one will not fall upon them if Google doesn't permit it. Is this legal?

The 1st and 5th updates in September do not come up, but the three between them do. In other words, roughly half the NASA-related pages are on the black list.

When one changes "days" to "hours" on Dave's page, and changes the '5' to '24', the computed results will list the lunar distance for each hour afterward, up to 24 hours later. One could then plot the hour-by-hour drop of the moon to test whether it is dropping at the expected rate of gravity force for that particular distance. If not, why not?

Go ahead and get a list of hourly lunar distances for the day starting at May 12, 2017, at 19:52 pm. One can see that, at 20:52, the moon has dropped a mere .673 kilometer in the first hour, which is roughly expected because the moon is at top-dead center at apogee. As the hours pass, the drop rate per hour will increase, just as a ball's drop velocity increases, with time, after it has bounced up to top-dead center. To put it another way, the moon is said (by Dave's page) to drop at a speed of .67 km/hr, on average, in the first hour. That is slower than a human's walk. To find the average lunar velocity in the first minute, change the "hours" to "minutes." It tells us that the lunar drop-velocity in the first minute is . 001 kilometer per minute = .06 kh/hr = .037 mi/hr (1.6 feet per minute).

From May 12, the moon will fall only until perigee on May 26, 1:24 am, afterwhich it begins to rise from earth. From the May-12 apogee to the May-26 perigee, there are 13 days, 5 hours, 32 minutes, or 1,143,120 seconds. We take this amount in seconds, enter it in the top box of the free-fall calculator below. We now need only the entry in the second box, which is not fast to find, but I'll get it for you. We need a number in the second box that provides a certain drop-distance when the "execute" button is clicked. The drop distance we are looking for is the total fall between apogee and perigee, and to find this we enter May 26, 1:25 am, in Dave's page, to find the moon 357,207 kilometers from earth at that time, which is 49,003 kilometers closer than it was at the previous apogee.

In other words, we need a number in the "gravity" box of the free-fall calculator that gets a drop of 49,003 kilometers (or 49,003,000 meters) over 1,143,120 seconds. The number in the gravity box is the so-called acceleration rate of fall, measured in meters per second per second, or m/s2 for short. It needs to be .000075 to get a drop of 49,002 kilometers (close enough). But when doing July of 2000, with an apogee distance of 406,199 kilometers (i.e. virtually the same as the one under discussion), the acceleration rate worked out to .0005956 m/s2. The number is smaller, but as the drop period was shorter, it shows that the acceleration rate (the average) changes according to the particular length of time for the drop. But the fact remains that the moon, mere hours after apogee, will have a lunar distance virtually equal to the one given for apogee. It means that we can know NASA's lunar distance for the coming eclipse of 2018.


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