Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
November 17 - 23, 2015

The Massing-Link to the Tosni Normans, ah, er, Italians
Malahule who? The Meleguli's?
They Don't Sound like Danes
Spice's and Pepperels at Massa-Carrara

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. One of my goals at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes.

If ever you'd want to check a description in the Coat of Arms, type the surname at this page:

The end of the last update seemed to be identifying the William surname with queen Willa of Italy, and yet it made more sense to see William the Conqueror in that surname. There were circumstantial reasons for tracing both of them to the surname, but I didn't take it very seriously, until getting to the Irish-Tute write-up where it claims that Berenger of Todini was a son of Robert, duke of Normandy; the latter was father of the Conqueror, or so they say. Until that point, I had been emphasizing Willa's royal husband, also named Berenger. Moreover, at Wikipedia's Willa article, there is a countess Willa in a painting, identified as queen Willa by someone involved in writing the article, and married to a count Tedaldus. I didn't know whether Tedaldus was another man, or king Berenger by an earlier name, but coming across a Berenger de Todini, somewhat like "Tedaldus," gave the distinct impression that William the Conqueror was somehow connected to king Berenger. And that's where I'm at as I begin this update, seeking how it may be true, for I had traced the line of William's father-in-law to Italy, but that was long before the last update found a part of the royal-Stewart line tracing back to the very part of Italy (Cuneo) that William's father-in-law was traced to. I feel that a cover-up has taken place on Norman and Arthurian links to Italians.

William the Conqueror married Maud of Flanders, the granddaughter of Rozala of Ivrea, daughter of a queen Willa of Tuscany.

I've yet to mention that English Tute's/Toots use a symbol-less white Shield, an item that has been important over the last couple of updates in tracing to the Saluzzo's, the Italians engaged by the line of royal Stewarts.

The first thing done in this update was to find who Tedaldus was. There are explicit articles giving his parental background as such that he could not have been Berenger. In fact, the Willa in the painting with Tedaldus is described by other articles as a different Willa than Berenger's queen Willa. But then why are Willa and Tedaldus in queen Willa's article at all??? Here's her article:

In case the painting disappears from the article, here it is from my files, with Willa at the top-right having her name (in the painting) in the Italian form, Guillia. I have just seen it elsewhere as "Guiliam," virtually the male form of "William." She sits on a throne (with a deep scarlet robe) beside a man on his throne with "Tedaldus" written above his head by the painter. There are what look like quatrefoils on her throne, and Tedaldus' throne is either in red-and-white, or red-and-gold, checks. Before this paragraph was written, at the very start of this week's update, red-and-gold checks filling a Shield were found in a Louviers surname (wolf), an entity that will be elaborated on later.

The last update had discovered Waleran, son of William Percival, and ancestor of the Leavell surname. Waleran was married to a daughter of the earl of Meulan, and Meulan uses red-on-gold checks filling a Shield. Late in the last update, an article was found giving fine details on the origins of the Todini family, also named "Tosni" and "Toeni/Toney." An ancestor of Berenger de Todini, Hugh II of Tosny (Normandy), was born "about 912," and Willa is said to have been born 911 or 912. The year 912 was when France handed Rollo a chunk of France. It means that Todini's, clearly Italians, were in Normandy from that early time. Although Willa was born in Arles, in extreme southern France, it was within political reach of the Grimaldi's of Liguria. Online statement: "According to [Mr. Grimaldi], Crispinus, Baron of Bec, was the son of Crispina, daughter of Rollo, by Grimaldus, Prince of Monaco." The Grimaldi's use a Shield filled with red-and-white lozenges, which are nearly checks, and this can trace Tedaldus to Grimaldi's by the checks on Tedaldus' throne.

As Rollo's wife was Poppa of Valois while the Valois Coat links well to the Tuttle/Toothill Coat, by what coincidence does one Crispin Coat share a white-on-blue bend with the other Toothills? It looks like Mr. Grimaldi was correct. My bet: the BEARING/BECKering surname is from BERENGER, Poppa's father. As Berenger de Todini is expected to trace to Louviers, by what coincidence do the Louviers and Bearings/Beckerings share a Shield filled with the same-colored checks, even the colors of Bec-related Meulan?

Moreover, the woman with Tuttle surname mentioned in the last update, the topic of which was the only reason for my bumping into the all-important Irish-Tute surname, had written to me one day, in relation to the Bec location above, to say something / inquire about a Tooting Bec location (south London), named after Bec Abbey in Normandy. I then looked into Bec at that time, and found that Wells were linked to both it and Meulan, and then found a Wells article claiming that they were Vallibus', listed with Vaux's that use a Shield filled with the checks of Meulan. Then, in the last update, the Wells were linked to "Waleran," and for a time, as I wrote on, I was wondering whether Waleran was from Willa's bloodline. But the first thing done in this update, upon finding that Hugh II de Tosny was born in Louviers (Normandy), was to check that surname's herald, to find it filled with the same checks as Meulan. The checks are in Leavell colors, and "Louvier" is similar to Leavell variations such as "Lovell." Plus, the Louvier Chief is a black wolf, and so let me re-quote from the last update so that you can see the wolf possibility of Waleran's family:

Waleran...eldest son of William Gouel de Perceval, surnames LUPellus, and of Auberie de Bellemonte, daughter of Robert, earl of Mellent [Meulan], his Wife, succeed his father in the estate of Yvery [where Leavells are said to derive]...he appears to have been lord of Yvery, and to have held for himself in the Ballywick of Tinchebrai...

The Leavell write-up even traces to "wolf," as though the writer knew something but wasn't telling. I trace the Leavells to a Mr. Laevillus (like "Lupellus"), who had a Lupus surname too. Laevillus was married to QUADRatilla, for which reason I have been identifying heraldic QUATREfoils as code for her line with Laevillus for months, and here we find quatrefoils on Willa's throne, and checks on Tedaldus' throne that can link to same of wolf-using Louviers' For months, I've been tracing the black-on-white wolf heads of QUADE's to Quadratilla, and here the Louviers use a black-on-white wolf! None of this would have been discovered had not emailer Pollock, and emailer Tuttle, not corresponded with me about porphyria, the purple disease that was tracing well to Tedaldus, and his purple-robed wife, in the last update. The woman with Tuttle surname came to topic (last update) purely because "TEDALdus" reminded of "Tuttle."

I must assume that the Todini's, having an early member born at Louviers, connected with the line of Laevillus either it Italy or at least in Normandy. And from there, we just want to know how it connected to the Normans = Sinclairs of that latter place. For starters, the Levers/Lovers were just loaded because the surname is like "Louvier," and what showed by a gold rooster in Crest, the symbol of the Sinclair Crest. Moreover, as I've probably sickened some regular readers by repeating often that Keys/Kays are expected to trace to Quadratilla, here we find Levers use double bendlets in the colors of the same of Keys/Kays! We now have some excellent clues to make further discovery. I never run out of things to say, update after update, because the links that are made are reliable. I have the experience, in this "science" that I've created for this work, to know that the links which are made are, in the main, reliable.

In the last update, it was found that the Arms of Yvery used three chevrons and nothing else, the Levi symbol too. However, the colors of the Yvery chevrons (showing in black on white) were in question, but, in any case, it was found that Walerans were kin to Ash's of Devon, who use two black chevrons, the color of the Levi chevrons. German Ash's use three red-on-white chevrons, and then we find Ruaff ASSHeton suing the Levers in the Lever write-up. The court proceedings were for the ownership of a manor, and usually that sort of thing is between kin. Checking the Asshtons (Quade colors), what do we find but a "Quid" motto term as code for the Quade's/Quids?

Then, late in the last update, it was found that the Tosni's originated were from Ile-de-France (north Paris), before settling the Hebrew-suspect area of Eure / Evreux. Ile-de-France is where Levi's were first found, and while the only importance of Quadratilla and Laevillus (for my work) is that they are suspect with the line of high-priest Caiaphas, so the Chappes' were first found in Ile-de-France. In the last update, the line of Quadratilla traced to Yvery-like Ivrea, where Rozala, daughter of queen Willa, had some rulership. For the purpose of unveiling the real king Arthur, the last update was possible my best shot ever.

If you have trouble keeping track of all that's said, so do I. The last update surprised me on how heraldic roses were tracing specifically to Rozala, and this was found after the white roses in the War of the Roses had traced to the same part of Italy now under discussion. But here I find more roses in the English Lower Coat, still seeking kin of Louviers'. Those roses in themselves might not be a big deal except that Lowers/Louers are said to have been "Lords" of St. TUDY, what as todincidence! It was amazing to find (last update) white-on-black roses, the colors of the Lower roses, in the Chief of SatterTHWAITE's, just after learning that the Irish Tute's were also Thwaite's! It's the write-up of Irish Toots that traces to Berenger of "Todini," and other articles reveal that "Todini" is a variation of "Tosni." The Tute's are instrumental in identifying Tattons with Todini liners, and from these things alone, the Templar-family secrets are no longer any match for what's locked in my head after a decade of familiarity with heraldry codes. Likely, the Lowers/Louers are using the Pendragon chevron because both surnames were first found in the same place, and I've been tracing the Pendragon fleur-de-lys to the namers of Saluzzo for years.

The Lowers/Louers are likely a branch of same-colored Laverys/Lowrys/Glorys / Laurie's/Laurys, both sharing the cup that became suspect with the Grail" or king-Arthur garbage.

Taddei's/Tadini's (almost "Todini") were first found in the same place (Tuscany) as where Willa's and Rozala's husbands ruled. This is what had me confident that William the Conqueror would prove to trace to Willa's name. Like the German Ash's, Taddei's use triple-red chevrons. Taddei's were traced to Welsh Tudors about a decade ago, in what was not a hard trace, but strong enough to maintain it over the years. Tudors smack now of St. Tudy, and then I've just looked up Vaughns (Shropshire) because it was recalled that they use a Coat like that of the Tudy-related Lowers. The Vaughn Coat (shares a white chevron with Tudors and Irish Arthurs) seems to be a variation of the Pendragon Coat, and as I identify Arthur's wife with Fane's/Feins/Vans, Wayne's, and similar others, the Vaughns seem to apply. Pendragon elements must trace to Arduin of Ivrea, where Rozala had authority too. The point is, the Vaughns are said to descend from Trevor Tudor, and the Lowers can trace to Tudors in that way alone. Therefore, it appears that Lowers are a line from Arduin / Rozala through the namers of Louviers, where Hugh de Tosni was born, and then to Tudors (share the helmet with Pendragons), no small find if correct.

Tudor Trevor's wife, we can read in the Vaughn write-up, was from a king of Wales in 907, near the birth of Hugh in Louviers. The Vaughns are said to have had a line to LLEWLLyn, like the variations of Leavells/Lowells. Llewllyn is said to have been of Shropshire, where the Dol Alans would remove to, who would end up living at Shropshire's Clun location with Saluzzo liners. This explains why the Sale fleur are in the Pendragon Coat, and colors reversed from the Vaughn fleur. As the FitzAlans of Arundel married the line from THOMAS of Saluzzo, note that Llewllyn is said to have been of Plas Thomas in Shropshire. The Clun Coat is the Saluzzo Coat, one of the biggie discoveries of this month. Thomas of Saluzzo had married Luisa of Ceva, the line to mythical GorLOIS in Cornwall, where Lowers/Louers were first found now tracing hard to Louviers. All this is why the Todini's must have formed the Tudors.

Let's go to the Lover/Lower description: "A silver shield with two black bendlets, the LOWER one engrailed." One might be bound to miss that one. This description was found after I linked Lowers/Louers to grail-using Lowrys, and as that should explain the use of "enGRAILed," all engrailed features should become suspect with Lowry / Lower / Louviers liners. Sinclairs, who are in the Lower-Crest rooster, use an engrailed cross. The Lower rooster is "standing" (same code as in the Arthur motto) on "a Trumpet, all proper," and Propers use an ostrich with KEY in its beak, code for the Lower-related Scottish Kays/Keys. The latter are said to have been of the Arthurian Arundel Table, as I now call it. The Stands use two fesse bars in the colors of the Lower / Key bendlets.

One of two English Key surnames uses PURPLE bendlets: "A silver shield, two bendlets humettee purple." As Hume's share "Faithful" in their motto with the Kay/Key motto, the two surnames were obviously married. As Hume's were first found in Berwickshire (same as Arthurs), this Kay-Hume merger can be used to trace the Mackay bears to the Berwickshire bear. But the Mackay bear is also the muzzled Percival and Alice bear, and Alice's are now being traced to Alice of Saluzzo. As Waleran, son of a Mr. Percival, has traced to Rozala, it predicts a Saluzzo merger with Rozala's royal family.

When Kays use the motto, "Faithful and more faithful," the More location in Shropshire may be in play. The Faithfuls/Feythfuls do not only use an engrailed saltire in the colors of the Sinclair cross, but share a tree stump with grail-using Laurie's. Faithfuls (roundels = Saluzzo-Ceva liners) were first found in the same place (Norfolk) as Irish Tute's, Thwaits and Dade's/Datts. It's also where Lewers/Lewgars were first found that use three horse heads in the colors of the three fox heads of Todds. King Arduin was son of Dado, and nephew of Berenger II, suspect with Berenger de Todini in the Tute write-up.

Another More was the Norwegian home of Rollo, and ruled by Malahule. The quote below is from a webpage owned by a David Faux, a surname that was fundamental to Waleran's wife i.e. fundamental with rulers of Meulan. The webpage gives fine details on Tosni origins, begging whether Tosni's founders were related to Percivals, Walerans and Leavells:

The first known Toney ancestor ever was Ralph the son of Hugh De Calvacamp. Hugh's father was Malahulic/(Malahule) who came to the Normandy area of France from Norway on a Viking ship. He came with Rollo, or Rolph the Ganger. Hugh (jr.) gave his brother Ralph a piece of land called Tosni/Toeni, it was situated just across the River Seine from Les Andelys. The "s" in Tosni is silent therefore sounding like Toney.

The Seine was downstream from where the Levi's were first found. Tosni was close to Rollo's headquarters too. Louviers was just 19 miles from headquarters (Rouen). Hugh II de Tosni was archbishop of Rouen, no small position seeing that Rollo's kingdom depended on his loyalty to the Vatican, part of the deal when he was given a slice of France to the west of Paris. Both Tosni and Louviers are in the Evreux sector of Eure. This younger Hugh's son was "RADOLFO," like "Ranulph." As Ranulph le Meschin descended from Malahule, what about Meschin's uncle, HUGH Lupus? He has the same name as Hugh Tosni. Was the Meschin line also related to the Perceval>Waleran line at Louviers? Probably, for Masseys/Maceys were related to PERCHE elements while Maceys/Mace's use PIERCEd stars, while PERCIvals were first found in the same place as Pierce's and Leavells. That place is Somerset, where the Tose's/Toase's/Touse's were first found. As Louviers is in Eure, its notable that the Eure/Ivar surname shares the Massey quarters, which are roughly the Tatton / Tute quarters. For the record, the Arms of Louviers uses a gold-on-blue upright lion with red border around the Shield's perimeter. Some surnames are bound to use at least a version of that design.

I wonder whether "Tosni" was not from "Todini," but from "TUScany." The article above assures that Tosni's were Todini by telling that Hugh II of Tosni was granted "Todiniacum."

Years ago, when I was on the hunt for the red chevrons of Taddei's, one of the first triple-red chevrons ever found was at Eure-et-Loir. Later, I found that a Mr. Thomson in the United States wanted to put three red-on-white chevrons on the breast of the American eagle in the Great Seal of the United States (see two updates ago for that). The Arms of Eure-et-Loir share three red-on-white chevrons with German Ash's. "LOIR" has just become suspect with "Louer / Laurie" and similar terms. The Eure-et-Loir Shield looks like a version of the Loper/Loop Shield, the latter sharing a white greyhound with Tattons. BUT WAIT. I've just gone to the last update to see who else it was that uses a version of the Loop Coat, and it's the Italian (Tuscany) Toni's!!! Yes, and they share the wavy feature in the Arms of Eure-et-Loir too! See also the same wavy feature, in the same colors, with a WHALE, in the Dol Coat, meaning that the Waleran>Lupellus line and the Todini line came into, or were already in, marital contact in Eure!

See "Toni" in the last update for the evidence of their trace to Tosni's of the Toeni kind at Leicester.

Dol's were first found in the same place (Mecklenburg) as same-colored Trumps while the Sinclair rooster on the Lower/Louer Crest stands on a TRUMPet. Donald Trump, who wants to be the U.S. president, was traced to Donald TUSK, now the E.U president, and Mr. Tusk, according to others, has ancestry in the Mecklenburg area. His surname looks like a TUSCany possibility. In the write-up of Walers/Wahlens, of a surname suspect with the Dol whale, the first of the surname is said to be J. Wale of Pomerania (beside Mecklenburg), and in particular at Agrippa-suspect Greifswald, where the Griffin surname of Pomerania is known to have lived. The next-mentioned is a Gerd Waler from ANKlam, perhaps linkable to ANKetille, a descendant of Malahule. Anketille's name is spelled in various ways; Wikitree has it as, ANSchitel, evoking the ANScars of Ivrea (preceded Arduin of Ivrea and led to Rozala); it just so happens that Anschetil died in Tosni! In fact, here's how Wiki puts it: "Died after 0955 in Toeni (Tosny)Louviers..." The page is titled: "Anschitel, Lord of Isle de la Marche de Toeni" No guff. This is new to me, probably a thing glossed over because I had never emphasized nor deeply investigated the Toeni entity. Toeni is not in the Bessin, but the Bessin is in CALVAcamp-suspect Calvados, which was traced suggestively to "Chives / Ceva." Caves."

AnsCHETIL suggests the Kettle's/Ketille's (stag heads), first found in the same place (Perthshire) as Rollo's (stag head as the Clan Badge). Kettle's use the motto, "BONO vince MALum" as part-code for Malahule. The "vince" term traces with Justine's, likewise first found in Perthshire, to Valentinian and Justine of Picenum. Picenum is near Fano, and I trace its Fane's/Vans to Vannes of Brittany, where the Voirs/Voyers (Boii from BONOnia?) were first found that share the Kettle lion. It's also the lion of Maschi's (share pine cones with German Tanners), first found beside Fano. This was the gonfanon-of-Montfort line to Fanano, which shares a white-on-blue fesse with Kettle's. On the Kettle fesse, one can glean that its cinquefoils are colors reversed, specifically, of the Leicestershire cinquefoil. Montforts ruled Leicestershire.

The trace of the gonfanon banner to the Panaro river (Fanano theater) was accompanied with a trace to that river of Pine-suspect Penders/Pinders (Fanano colors). The "fide" motto term of Penders is traceable to the "Fides" term on the banner in the Arms of Fanano, but the term has been suspect with Fidelow = Vis-de-Loop. Irish Penders ("VINCit veritas" motto) use an ANTELope, which I have been waiting for, in order to check how well it might trace to Les ANDELys.

Irish Penders use vair fur. The Haskels, said to be from "Anchetill / ANKetill," are sharing a Shield filled with black-and-white vair fur with English CHAMPagne's, suggesting that CalvaCAMPs were Champagne / Campania elements. Haskels were first found in the same place (Monmouthshire) as Fane's/Vans. I've read that Parkinson's disease, of a genetic malfunction, as with porphyria, was traced by researchers to a specific spot in Italian Campania (can't recall the location).

As Alans were close to Maceys expected from Malahule in some way, and now suspect with the Malahule line of Hugh Tosni, BALso D'Espaines, might just be of the Ball surname, first found in Brittany. Wiki above has Balso of the Bessin as a brother of Anschitel. I've seen other trees with Balso as the son. Clicking to Balso's article, he's the father on an unknown Toeni of the Bessin, and an Anschetil of the Bessin, all suspect there with lines from Quadratilla and Laevillus. The Bessin should not be traced to anything not involving "Bassianus" and "Basina," probably explaining GodCHILDE, a child of Malahule.

The wikitree page on Malahule lists the following sons: "Father of Ralnulph (Bayeux) de Bayeux [proto-Meschins], Hugo (Cavalcamp) de Cavalcamp, Richard (De St. Sauveur) Cotentin Viscount o and Asperling (Vaudreuil) de Vaudreuil". The latter looks like Vaud-royal, and then Vauds are suspect with DeVauds/DeVaux's, the one using the same giant pelican (different colors) as Wellers!!! Excellent, for Wellers proved (last update) to be a Waleran line. We now have Walerans connecting to the Malahule line, which expects a Tosni link back to Laevillus / Quadratilla, and the latter was a daughter of Quadratus Bassus, a line expected from other considerations (all recorded over the past year at least) to find roosting in the Bessin, where Ralnulph de Bayeux above lived! Zowie. And that tends to prove what has been presented for at least a year, that the Herod-Maccabee line married by Quadratus led to Masseys.

Mighty-big thanks to FE for introducing me to the Devaux surname. FE may have thought that the surname linked to the Vaud area of Switzerland, on the north shore of lake Geneva.

Click over to Dutch Devaux's to see nearly the Macey Shield. The Dutch Devaux's list "DeaVERDEN," smacking of Woerden in Holland, where a member of the purple-robed El-Gabal cult had built an altar to emperor Heliogabalus (died 222), grandson of Julia Bassianus Maesa! Zowie. Moreover, the same Dutch Devaux surname shows a Tiviot variation, much like the Thwaits, and perhaps suggesting Tweet / Tweed liners, and it just so happens that the Tweet Crest is a pelican. If I recall correctly, there is a Tweed river in Peebles. Then, let's repeat: "[Waleran] appears to have been lord of Yvery, and to have held for himself in the Ballywick of TINCHebrai..." The Tweeds (engrailed saltire links Lowers/Louers) happen to use a "Think" motto term, spilling their secret. Tweeds were thus clinched as Tute/Tuit = Todini / Tosni liners, yet they just traced to Waleran kin. TincheBRAI is highly linkable to Bray (Evreux), and Bra of Cuneo is a small location beside a small Monforte location.

This would be a good place to mention that Biss', suspect from the Bessin, are sharing a black Shield with Tanners, while the latter trace well to Bra and Monforte because they are along the Tanaro. As the Biss' could have used snakes "facing each other," note that they decided to use "respecTING each other." That's my first attempt at deciphering "respecting" because I've had no idea what else it may be code for. Pickets/PICOTs ("Tout foys prest" motto), like "resPECTing," are coming to mind as I speak, and they were first found in the same place (Cambridgeshire) as Tings/Tingels, as well as in Cheshire, meaning that the motto term might just have been deciphered correctly. In fact, French Balls/Balons (Brittany) use nothing but three ermine spots, as with Picots, while English Balls were first found in the same place as Picots. Ermine spots are used by various Arms of Vannes, where Voirs were first found, while Oliphants use a "voir" motto term as well as sharing "Tout" with Picots. That looks like a done deal unless the Res' work into "RESpecting" too.

This is a lucky strike, for taking the time to load the Res surname, the same Coat appears as when entering "Dere," and this Dere Coat came up (last update) when traced to Melita with the Mallet deer, and as that deer is said to be a symbol of Ragusa, note that Oliphants were traced to the Elaphiti islands, smack between Ragusa and Melita!!! Like I said, it was very lucky that the respecting term was attempted right when Oliphants came up, and, to boot, I linked Melita to the nearby island of VIS, where Biss' were traced suggestively. This topic relates to Mileham of the FitzFlaads (see last update if interested).

Who were the Res'/Dere's? Here's an interesting find of the last update: "Unfortunately, Italian Dere's, in Mallet colors, have no write-up, and show a Coat symbol unfamiliar to me. It's a long object with fleur-de-lys ends. Wondering whether this was a Doria branch that married Arduinici of Oneglia, Dere-like surnames of an Italian look were entered, and the Dero's brought of Spanish Ros'/Rosa's/Rosals, which happen to use a spread eagle in the colors of the upper half of the Doria eagle." Ros' are like "Res." It could appear that Doria's were linked to Arduin-associated / Arduin-related Rozala, and the Biss elements from the Bessin's Meschins are tracing to them in those Biss snakes. The Biss scallops are not only those of Meschins, but of Rozala- / Rosal-suspect Russells.

The two Biss snakes look like code for the two branches of Arduinici, and that idea traces well to PenDRAGON. The Nettle snakes (likewise said to be respecting each other) are in Pendragon colors. However, it's also feasible that the snakes are code for the Snake/Snook surname, which may be using a version of the Macey Coat as used by others. Aside from the seven coils that were of the original Visconti snake (green), the Nettle / Biss snake is the longest (six coils) I've seen in heraldry. VISconti's trace to Vis too, right? Yes, meaning that Visconti's just traced to the Bessin. But doesn't this suggest that Bassianus liners were at Vis? Or is it wrong to assume that Biss' were named after Bessin elements?

The blue Visconti/Bisconti snake shows with six coils, and as it's identical to the Biss / Nettle snake design, contemplate on that, for houseofnames has several snake designs by which to choose from...meaning that houseofnames matched the Visconti snake to the Biss snake because it knows things. Plus, the Biss motto term can trace to the Arms of Rieti, and therefore to dragon-liner VESpasian (father of Titus), long before the Visconti's. That's why the Moor child, in the original Visconti snake's mouth, links to the Moor head of the Titus surname. But as Revelation is the book that reveals Vespasian as the 6th of seven heads on a dragon, compare with six versus seven coils, or ask why heraldic snakes are tracing to Vespasian at all. As Titus wanted to marry his foreign gal, Berenice Agrippa de Herod, note that Titus' were first found in HERTfordshire. As this location is at northern London, the Titus gyronny can be that of the Londons / Lundys, terms that may have been from something like Alanton/Alonton.

The Dol Alans (married Ferte-Mace) were from Flaad, and, without re-checking the Wikipedia page on Hugh Lupus, his wolf symbol is said to be of a Flaid-like term, which strikes me as incorrect where the reality is his link to Flaad liners. For example, Hugh's wolf head was in the colors of the Vlad star. It strikes me here that while Hugh Lupus (had a white-on-blue wolf-head symbol) was traced to the Cheshire Welfs/Wolfs, the latter's wolf heads can link to the one's of Fiddle's/Fidelows, said to be from Vis-de-Lou (or Fidelow) somewhere in Normandy (not easy to find online when I tired), which also went by the name, Vis-de-LOOP. This update found the Loops as "Loper" when seeking terms like "Louviers." It just so happens that Todini-suspect Todds use three fox heads in the colors of the three wolf heads of Fiddle's! That's yet another reason to track Waleran > Lupellus liners to the Tosni / Todini entity.

When one is able to discover what in Italy Todini's stemmed from, one can expect Quadratilla-Laevillus liners there too. I predict that Todini's were from the Tadino variation of Taddei's, and that the latter evolved into the Tattons-of-Massey. But to what sort of Italians should VIS-de-Loop be traced to? Ah, the VISconti's, in Milan, downtown Lombardy. Rozala was styled both as "of Lombardy" and "of Tuscany." And she just showed up with the RESpecting Biss snakes.

But if Visconti liners went to Normandy, where is their snake symbol there? The Biss' use two snakes "respecting each OTHER," and this trace's them to Others, the surname of Walter fitzOtho in Lombardy. The Biss' are clearly of Meschins in the Bessin, and for this reason Tosni elements should be expected in the Bessin. One of the first traces I ever made of Meschins was as per the Lee/Ligh surname to Leicester's Legro river. It was probably years afterward before I got familiar with the known Toeni elements of Leicestershire. I've never had a reason to link Meschins closely to Tosni's until now. I would have worked on the link sooner, had I known that Tosni's were Todini's too, for while my mother is a Masci on her mother's side, my grandmother married a Taddei. If I was chosen by God for this work, perhaps it's not because of my good looks after all. Perhaps it's only because of my bloodline background.

Had God chosen a Mr. English with a Miss Anglo-Saxon for a mother, a Mr. Dane for a father, and a Miss. Norway for a wife, what would have happened? In order to find the root of the serpent, my Italian bloodlines needed to be part of the front burners, not laid aside as minor players. Yet I have never emphasized the Taddei's. About all I knew, all along, is that Taddei's linked to Godfrey de Bouillon, and to the unholy royal family of Templar Jerusalem. I have never had an idea on how that link came about, until the last update. Here now, the Taddei surname is guiding me to a fuller understanding of what the Templar beast launched from. Mr. English, or Mr. Pakistan for that matter, would not have known about the Taddei and Masci surnames, would not likely have ever come across them. See? But this duo is a central piece to Templarism. This is how I interpret my slavery to this work.

Mr. English might have glossed over the material presented on Rozala, and on the Stewart trace back to Saluzzo. Mr. English might have frowned upon a Norman trace to the Tanaro. Italians were not the whole of Templarism, however, and when I myself defined the major players up to this week, they were Flemings and Normans only. Never did I view Templars as Italians in any major way, but did note that even the Normans were with Italian-sounding names. It has now come to Rozala of Ivrea, Alice of Saluzzo, and Luisa of Ceva.

It seems clear enough that the Fiddle wolf heads are a red version of the Quade wolf heads. And while Quade's are suspect with Caiaphas, Visconti- and Other-suspect Ottone's/Oddo's use the long, solid chevron of Chappes'. One can thus imagine an Ottone-Visconti line at Paris' Seine river to Louviers, and, as the bird flies, Les Andelys (the area of Tosni) is about ten miles from Louviers (quick estimate from my atlas). One might even consider the ODINNI variation of Ottone's for "Todini."

Just as the last update opened seeking to prove that Henrys were Herod liners from Rodez, Henry St.Clair was found at HERDmanston, in Lothian, same place as the Roslin that Rozala would seeming trace to later in the update. As Rozala was from the Arduinici theater of Ivrea, ARDuin (was king of Italy for a time) looks linkable to Herdmanston. Repeat: "The 'shepherd's CROOKs' of Herdmans is telling, for Eschyna de Molle married Mr. Croce while her daughter married Robert Pollock, and then the Herdman crooks form a saltire in the colors of the Pollock saltire!" But here I find that Herdman's were first found in the same place as Tute's, Thwaits and Todd-suspect Lewers/Lewgars, and that the Pollock saltire is shared by Daddys, important because Pollocks were suspect with porphyria along with Tute liners. In other words, add the Douds/Duddys/Doodys/Daddys in with Tosni suspects.

Note that Malahule is said to be husband of Maud de St. Pol.

By now, if you've been a fairly-steady reader, you may have realized that Meulan was named after the Moline's/Moulins, the family to which Molle's were traced. I kid you not, that the Moline's are said to be from the family of "the tanner" of Falaise." To this we can add that Tweeds (Lanarkshire) use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's (Tanaro / Bra theater), and then the Moline's share a black moline with Ceva-suspect Chives' while Luisa of Ceva was mother to Alice of Saluzzo. It looks like everything in the first half of the last update is connecting to the Walerans and Tute's of the latter half. As Chives' are suspect from Chivasso at Turin, the Tweed bull head should apply there. But it was Arduin of Yvery-suspect Ivrea that was ruler of Turin.

Tweeds had linked well to the bull head of Haughts and therefore to Sigrid the Haughty, that trace may need to be advanced to a "Tweed" identification with Tute/Tuit = Todini liners. Recently, I had suggested that "Tweed" could be a version of "Sweet," from "Swietoslawa," the alternative name of Sigrid the Haughty. This plays excellently to Chives' because the double Sweet/Sweit chevrons are well-linkable to the same of Sewards that happen to share the Chives-Crest leopard (in purple). Swietoslawa was born in about 950, near the birth of Ralph de Tosni, and while Swietoslawa married royal Danes, Malahule was a Dane! This recalls that Swietoslawa was involved with a TOSte/TOsti character of Scandinavia! "Skoglar Toste or Skoglar Tosti (there are several variations) was a legendary chieftain from the Swedish province of West Gotaland...According to Snorri Sturluson, he was the father of Sigrid the Haughty." That being mythical, I would view it as code for a people group or surname, and the Skeoch variation of Skits is coming to mind with "SKOGlar." His surname suggests Tosni liners, which, if correct, traces Tosni's to Swi/Swedes, which, for me expects Tosni's from Switzerland.

The Tosti surname (won't come up when asking for "Tosti") shares a chevron in Sweet-chevron (and Lambert-chevron) colors. Heraldry opens its big mouth again. I can't yet say that Sigrid was re-named, Swiet, due to links with a Tweed- / Tweet-like variation, but that's the theory. A Toste/Tuff's surname was first found in the same place as Haughts, and may be using the Chill/Child eagle in colors reversed. The Toste/Tuff's eagle is spread out, and red, the color of the same of Ferte's.

Repeat: The Bessin should not be traced to anything not involving "Bassianus" and "Basina," probably explaining GodCHILDE, a child of Malahule. Godchilde was suspect with CHILDeric, husband of Basina, and so note that Chills/Childs are using a Cat identical to Castons/Costons/Caustons, first found in the same place as Tute's/Tuits, as well as a chevron and format in the colors of the same of Tost(i)'s. This reminds that Cass'/Costs and Custs can be a branch of Caseys, the latter using eagle heads in colors reversed from the Chill/Child / Caston eagles. Cass' were traced to the Pattersons/Cassane, who are also Kissane's, and Kissane's are also "GUISSane" (like GUIScard). Then, Kissane's share a stag with the Rollo clan badge, as well as with HASlips/Islips and Dawsons, and the latter's "LODGED" stag connects with the "lodged" stag of Haslips. This is being said because Dawsons are said to have been from the same place (Dieppe) as Malahule's birth (to Miss St. Pol).

The Malls/Mallibone's of Cheshire, where Maccus formed an alliance with Saxons, use a version of the Eure/IVER Coat, both with Vere / Massey Shield. The Malls therefore look like Malahule liners in Cheshire, and the black bend, the only entry aside from the Massey Shield, becomes suspect with Malahule liners. "MalaHULE" can very-well trace to Hulls and Halls, recently linked to Hulse's when they (Hulse's, = Hazel liners) were discovered to be a known branch of Rollo-line Hauteville's...ancestors of Guiscards. But the Guiscard-related Hauteville's were from a Tancred, and the Tancreds are said to be Tankerville's, from Normandy's TANNERdevilla, just as though the Tanaro river is again in play. It can't be coincidental that Tankerville's use cinquefoils in the colors of the same of Leicestershire. It looks like Guiscard's ancestry, which is rarely mentioned as far as how he was related to Rollo, goes back to Malahule and Tosni liners. Hauteville's were found (thanks to Tim suggesting it originally) with Hawthorns using cinquefoils in colors reversed from the one in the Arms of Leicester, the Arms that uses the Toeni sleeve. The Leicester sleeve is owned also by Hazel-like Hastings.

Things are making sense. Tankerville's were first found in Durham, same as Conte's using ANTLERs suspect with Les Andelys = Tosni. And the Conteville's married "the tanner's" mother. Clearly, Tannerdevilla should be linked to "the tanner." I don't think he was a tanner; that must have been a creation to explain-away "Tannerdevilla" so that the masses wouldn't know the far-off / foreign / Italian background. The antler-suspect ANTELope was traced to Lycaonia, location of lake Tatta, without any considerations on Tute's, Tattons, etc. The hunch was that the antelope was part-code for a Lupus entity, especially Lupus Laevillus' line, because Zeus turned mythical Lycaon into a wolf (i.e. expects Lupus liners from Lycaonia). Moreover, Lycaonia was not very far from ANTALya of the Pisidians, and so I figured that the heraldic antelope concerned an Antalya-line merger with Lupus liners. Finally, Derbys use the antelope while Derbe is in Lycaonia. But in this update, I am finding a Leavell link to Les Andelys, suggesting the Antalya-Lupus alliance that was merely a hunch a few months ago.

If that's not yet compelling for you, let's bring the Bus' and Hamiltons back to topic, whom I trace to two sons of Nahor, for the Neuri were wolf worshipers while Bus' and Hameltons both use the Leicester / Tankerville cinquefoil. Is there reason here to link these Nahorite suspects to "ValliBUS," the Vaux line related to Waleran's wife???

Just go ahead and compare the Tankerville Coat with that of Hebrew-suspect Chaddocks and Chadwicks, and while you're at it, load the similar Coat of Chamberlains, and check out the cinquefoil colors of Chamberlain-related Donkeys and Duncans. It's all linkable to Bus' and Hameltons. Then, as a new discovery right now, we begin with the claim for Tankerville's, said (in their write-up) to be from the chamberlains of the dukes of Normandy, evoking the butler of Normandy, found in the last update: "Waleran [died 1177], first of that name, Lord of Yvery, and butler of Normandy." This is no small find for equating Tannerdevilla with something from Waleran's family. One can glean a Waleran/Leavell link to Tosni's. In fact, here's another remarkable "coincidence": Ralph de Tankerville was the chamberlain of the Conqueror, and the write-up says that Ralph's father (also in close cahoots with the Conqueror) was involved with "Amaury" while the Leavell fesse bars were traced to Damorys/Amori's and Scott-related Amore's.

This inclusion of Chamberlains to the topic reminds of the large rose-on-stem of Chambre's, from Chambre, directly over the Cottian Alps from the Ivrea theater. Between Chambre and Ivrea sat the Susa capital of the royal Cottians. Susans/Susanna's, suspect with Rozala, may have been from the namers of Susa, which is to imply that, when Rozala changed her name to Susanna, it was possibly due to a Susa background in her family, a line which may have involved Chambre elements that ended up using her heraldic rose. This can explain how Modane, on the Arc with Chambre, can lead to Modens/Modeys sharing fretty with Cotta's/Cottins. Later, you'll see how Masseys married Cotta liners from the Bautica, no guff. And Cass liners are expected from Cassius/Casano's from Modane-suspect Modena.

"MalliBONE" can be of the Bone/Bohuns suspect with Beaumonts i.e. Waleran's wife. Ellen de MalBANC in the Mallibone write-up married Robert de STOCKport while Stocks / Stake's are suspect with the Montfort lion. That works. Mallibone's had a family seat in MOTTram, and later, you'll see Masseys married to BAUTica / Ivrea liners, wherefore note that Waleran's wife, AUBERie, was traced to "AUVERgne," where RAM-using BAUTs were first found that can be of the MottRAM entity. This Tosni entity has definitely been the missing link to the Masonic puzzle. I was dumb as an ape without it, or worse, as dumb as an evolutionist.

Let's repeat from the last update to make what looks like an Artemidoros link to Ivrea liners to Berkshire, where Modens/Modeys were first found:

Note that the Bank/BANCKES surname could be using a version of the Arrow/Arras Coat, for the international bankers around the Rothschilds had a Round table that links them to Artois elements. However, should we really be linking a Bank surname to bankers? Compare Banks to the BENJamin Coat (Flanders colors), noting the Fleming-suspect flames in Crest? And the Bengs/Bangs/Bings/BINCKES can be using a version of the Chives Coat. There are shown a Benny peoples on the Arda river of Thrace.

Since then, at the site of MalBANC, the Banker surname was checked. They are also BENCHers/Bunchers. That got me to the Bench/Bense surname using a castle theme, as well as sharing frets with castle-like Cattels. The latter was a merger with Black-suspect Blake's/Caddels (same fret), and therefore these surnames are traceable with Blacks to the Nero river (introduced later in this update) of the Ivrea area. But as Artemidoros has traced to Arduin of Ivrea, look at how the Bench/Bense Coat is like that of Artems/Aitons.

We need to ask why BENJamins were first found in the same place as Tute's and Thwaite's, and kin. I'm seeing a Benjamin-line merger with Malahule.

Let's not forget that the Artems/Aitons are using a colors reversed version of the Adda-river Baths/Atha's, first found in the same place as Leavells and Tintagel, where GorLOIS elements birthed king Arthur. The Blake-crest leopard can therefore appear to be the Chives-Crest leopard (perhaps called a cat for Chateau liners) due to Blake links to to LUISa of Ceva. The Irish Blake fret is in the colors of the Bench/Bense fret. Blake's are said to be from Richard de Burgo, probably from John de Burgo whose known to be of the Irish Burgh/BERK surname that happens to share the cross of Castle-liner Chateau's/Castels/Castile's, first found in Artois, where LOIS' were first found. It therefore appears as though, yes, the Banks/Banckes are using a version of the Arrow/Arras Coat.

There is a Comines location (considerable topic two updates ago) in Artois to which I traced Eustace II, and he's suspect with the Irish Eustace surname sharing the Chateau/Castel / Berk cross. It can't be a coincidence that John de Burgo was a ruler of Comyns (probably the Comines above). The Berkshire's not only use the fret too, but they use the Coat of DUDLeys, a surname suspect with TUTTLe's/Toothills, and with the topic at hand tracing well to Rozala, it can go also to Willa and TEDALdus.

Be amazed, for while Rozala married ARNULPH of Flanders (Artois theater), Bench's/Bense's mention an early ERNisius, son of Bense, and then, in a listing three years later, an AERNulfus, son of Benze (Northumberland). We then read of an earlier (1066) Osmund Benz of Nottinghamshire, where Annas'/ARNISS' were first found, a surname just like Ernisius above, indicating the distinct possibility that Arnulphs were Annas liners! This recalls the ANScars of Ivrea that were of the line to Rozala. From the last update: "There is an ancestral tree showing that Rozala's father was a son of Adalbert I of Ivrea, who was in-turn son of Anscar I of Ivrea. Do the math. It's fingering Rozala with the Bings/Bengs using a version of the Chives Coat for a Rozala trace to Ceva / Chivasso once again.

Reminder: Blacks are kin of antelope-using Chimneys (same chevron as Blacks), using the Derby-antelope design, making for a Black / Blake trace to Tatta-line possibilities, and Chimneys were first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Bench's/Bense's, Becks, and Busca-based Bush's. English Blake's (Devon) share three gold martlets on a bend with Chimney-suspect Cheneys, and the latter were suspect from "Cuneo." English Becks are using a white moline in the colors of the similar Taddei / Bouillon flory cross, a good reason for tracing Becks to Tooting-Bec elements. The Wellers that had traced to the Wells of Bec / Meulan share the pelican with the Beck Crest...and the DeVAUX Coat. Now we know. Of some interest, the Beck/BECH cross (Totten colors) is colors reversed from the BEnCH cross. It now comes to light that the BECKering variation of B(e)arings is a Bec line, because Barings/Beckerings share a Shield of the Vaux / Meulan checks. That black bend on Malls/Mallibone's, suspect with the Malahule>Tosni line, is in the Beckering/Baring Coat, and, of course, speaking on Bank liners here, Barings were part of the international bankers.

Let's now go to Tooting Bec, an off-shoot of Bec, the latter where the Vaux's/Vallibus line operated that married Leavell liners from Artemidoros, the father of whom conquered Derbe. This Tooting part of London is beside Surrey, where ADA of Varenne was from, that being the line to Artems/AITons now linking to the Coat of Bench's/Bense's. Becks are in Totten colors while Tottens use an "AD" motto term. Let's not be naive. Tottens were first found in Middlesex (scythes called "seaxes"), in southeast London i.e. beside Tooting Bec. Tottens/Todenhams are suspect on the motto of ANTLER-using and "Amyntes"-suspect Hamon(d)s (Tatton kin), and the Hamon(d) stars may therefore be on the Beck moline. German Becs share a black-on-gold raven with Varenne's. And just like that, the Tosni-suspect line of Waleran-Meulan has traced to Berwickshire, land of the Tweed-river Tosni liners.

The Arms of Middlesex uses schythes, and Scythes' are listed with Side's/Sudys (lion in the colors of the Flanders lion; see Suty lion too) sharing the tiger with Walerans. However, the Middlesex scythes are called by another name: "Gules, three seaxes fessewise points to the sinister proper, pomels and hilts and in the centre chief point a Saxon crown or." It just so happens that a Saxes/Saxby surname uses a "Sit saxum" motto code likely for the Side-related Seatons/Sittens. This brings us to the Sach/Sax surname with only those familiar white-on-black roses (in the colors of the Russell scallops). Seatons and Side's had traced to Sitric, ally of some Saxons in Polesworth.

Pommels and hilts were a topic of last update. The sinister direction is clue to Masci / Massena / Rasmussen kin in Middlesex. The Middlesex seaxes are in the colors of the Muster plates, while Walerans honor the Plate's in their "tiger plate(e)." Sachs/Sax's were first found in Breslau, the Arms of which uses the head of John the Baptist on a PLATE, signalling that Herod liners invented this design as their beloved trophy, in memory of their deed. The Muster plates can link to the same-colored and same-positioned scallops of Capes' (in the white of the Meschin / Russell / Biss scallops), first found in London, for the Capes' Chief has a sword linkable to Swords, one of the surnames using pommel and hilt. As Capes' share their scallops with Cape-like Happs/Abbs, these surnames are highly suspect with tiger-using Hobs/Habs (Tweed river), and then it's the EPPsteins that use another triple chevron, in the colors of the same of Waleran-related Ash's. Eplers/Epps/Ebbs use a lion only, in colors reversed from the same lion of Flanders.

As Eplers were well-traceable to "E. PLURibus" in the Great Seal of the United States, the Rozala line to Flanders looks like it's fundamental to the Great Seal, which recalls the Thomson trace to Thomas of Saluzzo. Mr. Thomson is the one who wanted to use three red-on-white chevrons on the breast of the Seal's eagle, and the blue Chief on that breast was traced to the Saluzzo / Clun Chief. As the Great Seal was busted as code for Seals and Greats, while Seals were found to share a version of the Sailer Coat (all traceable to Quade's and Quade-suspect Scarfs), here's the Sailer motto: "Who MOST HAS served is GREATest." The Mosters/Masters are easily pegged in that code for sharing the Sailer griffin heads exactly, colors included, and that brings Musters into the picture. The Has code can go to Heslingtons/Hazeltons, of Siward and therefore of the Swords, and we then trace the Sword and Middlesex hilts to Hiltons that share the Heslington head. Seatons and Sutys use a "HAZard" motto term suspect partly with Ard liners.

The Totten-Crest lion (has a white dancette on it) is suspect with the Rand lion (has a white chevron on it), itself suspect with the lion of RANULPH le Meschin. In black, this lion becomes the Flanders lion. The Rands are said to be from "Randolph." And the Annas/Arniss bloodline now looks like it went to ARNULPH of Flanders, a term like "Ranulph." Can you see how Ranulphs got to the Malahule line? It is clearly tracing Meschins to Arnulph and Rozala along with a haystack of evidence besides (that won't be repeated here).

Flanders is the area where the Levi chevrons went (in the colors of Flanders), and suspect with the triple chevron in the Arms of Leavell-related Yvery. It was the counts of Hanan-suspect HAINaut that used the triple Levi chevrons, and Hanans are yet another one of the surnames suspect with the black Malahule bend upon a Massey Shield. Logic tells me that the Malahule line was from Rozala's Tedaldus links, when they arrived to Flanders with her marriage to Arnulf. That explains why Malahule's son was Ralnulph, brother of Hugh Calvacamp of Tosni. As CALVAcamps were also CAVALcamps, note the CALF in the Cavall Coat (Cornwall). Spot the red-on-white colors of this calf, those of Todds and related others. The Cavalls/Cavills were Cavii / Ceva liners to the naming of Calvados, weren't they?

As no Pommel-like surname could be found, "Mele" was entered thinking that "pomMEL" could be a double code. It turned out that Mele's/Mells use nothing but a large fret, red, like the Bench frets. Mele's/Mells use their fret in both colors of the Somerset Leavells, and were likewise first found in Somerset. A fret in Mele-fret colors is used by Dudleys and Berkshires, and so Mele's/Mells become suspect with the Malahule > Tosni line. The Mele's/Mells are traced to some mill, but as there were mills everywhere, any Mill-like surname could be mistakenly traced to a mill. Compare the Meleguli variation of Italian Mele's to "MALAHULE." Hulls were first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Bench's/Bense's. Recalling that there seemed to be a Benjamin-line merger with Malahule, the same thing can be evident here.

Mele's/Mells are said to be from Mell in Somerset's Frome area. Frome's (Alan martlets?) happen to share a white greyhound in Crest with the Crest of Tattons, whose Massey kin makes traces them (Tattons) closely to the Malahule-Tosni line. While the Tatton greyhound is seated, the Frome greyhound if "couchant," as is the white lion of Tints, likewise first found in Somerset. Tints (seated unicorn) were part of the Tint-Gale merger that was the naming of Tintagel, location now tracing to Luisa of Ceva. As FitzAlans of Arundels merged with Luisa's line, let's repeat that while Arundels use swallows, Swale's got suspect (last update) with the Tatton greyhound. It looks like Frome's can be using the Alan (and Henry) martlets. If "couchant" is code for Couch's, they use a bear in Crest, symbol also of French Benjamins (this is not in itself a solid trace).

It's notable here that the Hull / Hall talbot dogs are white, as with the Frome greyhound. A Malahule trace to Talbots is where Le Meschin married Taillebois. Frome's share an "orle" symbol with Rutherfords and Rutlands, and Rutherfords were first found in Roxburghshire, same as Scottish Leavells, as well as the Scotts who use version of the Talbot Coats. As Leavells traced harder in this update to Amore's than previously, let's repeat that Amore's are expected in the "Amore" motto of Terras' that share the Coat of Scotts while Scotts use "Amo" as a motto. German Terras' (ROOKS on what could be the Sale bend) are interesting for use a black bend suspect with Malahule liners, as well as showing Dere- / Dero-like variations that were listed with Res' and Ros'/Rosals. And the Dere/Res Chief uses stars in the colors of the Scott / Terras stars, as well as a fleur-de-lys object in the colors of the fleur used by French Talbots upon their Scott / Terras / Masci (take your pick) bend. It just so happens that the red Talbot lion, in the color of the same lion shown for Ranulph le Meschin at his Wikipedia article, is in the Coat of Italian Mele's/Meleguli's.

Talbots were first found in the same place (Shropshire) as Meschins, and as this is where Dol Alans roosted too, the red lion here is likely the Stewart lion too (which was traced to the lion in the Arms of Gace). I am seeing something of note, that while the Stewart lion is upon a so-called RaGULLY feature, this could link to "Meleguli," especially as Raggs (likewise suspect in "ragully") are using a Coat linkable to the French Talbots and Dole's. The RAGG Crest is a white star, symbol of Italy, and Meleguli's were first found beside REGGio-Emilia. It looks like the ragully symbol is thereby discovered.

The Dole's were suspect with the Bellamy Shield, and Bellamys (expected to be close kin to the Percival-Leavell line), first found in Shropshire, are about to play into this picture. But before getting to them, I wanted to mention that Italian Mele/s/Meleguli's are said to be from a town of Genoa, where Doria's were first found that have become suspect with Dere's / Dero's, because Res' and Ros'/Rosals are expected with Arduin-associated Rozala while Doria's married Arduinici of Oneglia. And while the latter location has been traced ever-more solidly to Nagle's, the Mele/Meleguli Coat happens to share three gold symbols on a fesse with Nagle's! Iver-more solid still.

This is making TalBOTs suspect with Bauts and the Bautica.

It just so happens that Mele/Meleguli's were first found in Parma, suspect with the Parm variation of Palms, and that tends to reveal what the POMmel is code for, partly for Palm liners. Yes. And so we need to ask why Swords and Blane's (and Middlesex) use pommels? It's because they trace to Malahule liners in Italy, right? The Ayrshire Blains (red rose) can be traced by their "bello" motto term to the same of Bouillons, and then, incidentally (totally slipped my mind until now), the "bello Christi" motto phrase of Bouillons is part-code for Christs using nothing but ROSES! It a great reason to identify heraldic roses specifically with Rozala, or at least with some other Rose-like character / entity in her line. There are definite signs (touching upon Reeds, Avisons and Prude's / Pratts) that trace Blaine's to Rieti and Avezzano.

As French Blains (black mullets pierced) were first found in Brittany, it should be repeated that the Carpenter-Fuller-Belli trio were suspect with Alans. Someone was suspect in reading my material when, shortly after pointing out that the German Belli surname shares the Fuller beacon exactly, the design was changed for the Belli's. The Carpenter motto is that of Scottish Belli's, and as Bello-liner Bouillons trace to Rozala, note that Scottish Belli's use the white and red rose. The eagle in the German-Belli Coat becomes suspect with the Doria eagle. The Mele's/Meleguli's, now identified with the Blain pommel, had traced to Doria's, and Blane's use "bello."

The Italian Belli's, the ones suspect with the Carpenter / Fuller bars, are listed as "Bello" and Blane-suspect "Bellani." The Bellino's, found on another page, were first found in the same place (Verona) as Bellis'/Bellani's, and they use a bear paw in colors reversed from the bear paw ("gamb") of Powys'. Why are Italians tracing to Powys of Wales? Is this the bear of Couch's? Can't Couch's be Cocks? As the latter are sharing the Grimaldi lozengy, Couch's can trace to Genoa, where Mele's/Meleguli's are said to have had a location, and Malahule definitely links to the line of bear-using Percivals. The French Blane's use "black mullets PIERCED", and the "bello"-using English Blane's are traced in their write-up to Bernicians (Tweed river). We therefore have a Malahule-Blain entity with connections across northern Italy and into Liguria.

Where do Bernicians trace? I'm still tracing them to Berenicianus, son of Berenice Agrippa, and/or to Berenicianus, close kin (brother, If I recall correctly), of the father-in-law of Quadratus. As the latter Berenicianus was from the line of Glaphyra and Alexander Maccabee, while "Glaphyra" was traced to "Claver/Cleaver" and therefore to Cleave's/CLIFFS (same place as Bellamy's), just look at how the English Blane's are using a version of the Cliff fesse. This goes to Topcliffe, home of PERCYs (Topcliffe's use the Tatton greyhound exactly). And the Cliff fesse is surrounded by the Quade wolf heads. As Blane's use a "ParITUR" motto, like the "PatITUR" of Shaws, the Cliff trefoil must be the trefoil of Shaws in the same colors, and Shaws are using a version of the Ayer bend except that the latter substitute QUATRefoils.

This is where Alexander Balas comes in, the Seleucid king who made an alliance with Jonathan Maccabee, explaining why subsequent Maccabees used the Alexander name, a Greek name. As Blane's were Belli liners, note that the Balls' (Middle(sex) lion?), with a "FULcrum" motto term suspect with Fullers, were first found in the same place (Cheshire) as Cliffs. As Blane's are linking hard to Malahule, who had a grandson/great-grandson by the name of BALSo, the Alexander-Balas line is suspect to Malahule's line. Alexanders are the ones using a "terras" motto term, and meanwhile linking hard to king Balliol in the write-up of Terras-related Scotts. The Alexanders (KinTYRE, like "terras") were beside the Blue's/Blews/Gorms (and MacAbee's) of Arran, and while Blue's share the rooster-head design of Jonathans/Jonas', French Blains list "Blaie" while English Blaine's were first found in Ayrshire, facing Arran. Blain's thus become suspect with black-wolf Bellows (kin of Billets). IT JUST SO HAPPENS that French Blue's/Blou's/BELLUOINs/Blouts (more roses) share three gold bends on red with French Blains!

Why do Blue's list "Gorm"? Quasi-mythical king Gorm of Denmark was the line through king BLAtand (BLUEtooth, they say). Gorm-suspect Worms use a fret, symbol of Blain-related Mele's. Blatand was the ancestry of Swietoslawa's husband and son, and then Swietoslawa was kin to Siward, the one of the pomMEL-using Swords! I had a feeling that the discussion come back to that. Was "BlueTOOTH" invented as code for TOOTHill liners?

NOW, the Quade / Cliff wolf heads are used by Seals, while the Cecils ("Cor unum") had traced well to the "unum" motto term in the Great Seal. But I've only just discovered the identity of "Cor unum" in the Correns, who share black escutcheons (their only Coat symbol) with Cecils. Correns were looked up as per the "courant" talbot (wears a BLUE collar) of Swale's. The six Cecil escutcheons are in the color and format of the swallows of Arundels, who trace to Luisa of Ceva, and then the Cecil bars were identified with Cavetts, and the "via" motto term of Cecils was linked to the "vi" of Chives' (Devon, same as Cecils).

VIponts share wings in Crest, with a symbol between them, with Correns, and Viponts (same place as Cecils) share the six-symbol format with Cecils. The Vipont annulets may trace to the giant annulet of Vito's/Vio's, first found in TreVISO, relevant because the Vipont location (Touques river) was also VISpont. Treviso is not far from the Verona location of Belli's/Belona's and Bellini's. As VISponts were traced with Biss' to Vis/Issa, here we find Treviso-like TraVISS' (tiger) use the same scallops as Biss' (and Russells, for a Travis trace to Rozala). Traviss' can link to the POMmel by way the Flag/Fleck scallops (same as the Biss/ Samson scallops) being a version of the PALMer/PARMer trefoils, not forgetting that Mele's/Meleguli's were first found in Parma. Palms/Parma's (same place as Palmers) are likely using the Massey fleur.

The black Palmer-Crest greyhound is seated, as is the Tatton greyhound. As TOPcliffe's use the Tatton greyhound exactly, white color included, it's notable that Cliffs use trefoils on black too. And while the Swale greyhound got suspect with the Tatton greyhound, it's notable that the Swale-greyhound design (the "courant" one) is in the Palmer/Parmer Chief in black, described with: "at the TOP a greyhound". This is like the white-wolf Gore's who link to black-wolf Yonge's, both tracing to the Una river, which is in the "una" motto term of courant-related Cecils (black escutcheons). If all the heraldic black in this picture is for the Black-Nero line, the Nero vair fur may be in the Palm Chief.

The Corren Crest shares the parrot with Pettys, and then the Blains have a motto term, "PARITur." As Cecils are said to be CASSELs, note that Blake's/CADDELs and CATTELs share the fret with Worms. The Biss snakes are those of Nettle's suspect with the Petty "needle."

The Palmer-suspect Tops use the GAUNTlet as their primary symbol while Cecils are said to have been counts of Gand. The Cecil write-up teaches us that the white-on-black Cecil lions are a version of the gold-on-black Flanders lion, for the write-up says so, and adds that the Cecil escutcheons were those of the counts of Gand. Houseofnames rarely gets this disposed to making heraldic links (in the portions of the write-ups shown publicly, anyway). As we are in Italy with this Flanders picture, it again points to Rozala's marriage. Between Modena and Parma sits Reggio dell EMILia, making Malahule suspect with Emilia, a large area of Italy. To the smacking south side of Reggio dell Emilia, a Canossa-foothills region. Repeat (last update) from the caption of a painting: "Tedaldus marchio (Tedald of Canossa) and his wife Guillia comitissa (Willa of Tuscany)." Hymm, while Mele'/Mells use a giant FRET, Canns/Caens use a Shield of FRETTY. However, as Canns/Caens use a "PERImus" motto term, it traces them to Cannes, near ImPERia. Still, that was home to Arduinici, and can thus trace to Tedaldus, especially if the Willa in the painting was Willa of Tuscany, mother of Rozala.

The Chilling Disscovery in Ivrea

There is even a Cannes/Kain/Kean surname sharing the FERTE eagle. The Kean variation, shared by escutCHEON-using Keens, kin of KEONS, can trace Cannes liners to escutcheon-using Correns. The latter were first found in the same place (Deise, Waterford, near Cork) as Corrys/Currys, and then the other Corrys use the Corn chevron. They all become suspect as Cecil kin, along with Corks/Core's using lion TAILs in the colors of the Cecil / TAILer lions. Deise's are listed with Dice's/Diss' (same place as where Strongbow Clare should trace), a significant topic of the last update, and it's notable that Dease's are known kin of Desmonds/Geralds of Cork elements. Desmonds/Geralds use the Corry/Curry saltire in colors reversed. Quote from the last update:

"In 1078 [more than a century after the Arduin-Otto alliance], Walter Fitz Otho is mentioned in "Domesday Book," as being in possession of his father's estates. He was Castellon of Windsor and Warden of the forests of Berkshire."

Walter's son Gerald Fitzwalter was appointed by [king] Henry the First constable of Pembroke Castle, and commanded the English forces against the Welsh. This Gerald seems not only to have bestowed their name upon the Geraldines...

It looks like the Desmonds/Gerald apply to fitzOtho's line, and as Gore's/Core's, suspect with Corks/Core's, were Windsor-Otho liners, note how the Deise/Dice Coat is a reflection of the Gore Coat. Again, Gore's trace to the Una river, in the Cecil motto, and the "Cor unum" of Cecils traces to mythical Coronis, code (I say) of Chora on PatMOS, suspect with an ancient Mus MUSkerry in the Cork area.

There is a Balas/Bailiss surname using a BLACK antelope, in the color and design of the one used by code-studded Singletarys. The latter are the ones sharing a "platee" motto term (for their antelope) with black-tiger Walerans. It just so happens that Bals'/Bailiss' use large ermine spots, wherefore let's repeat:

As the Biss' could have used snakes "facing each other," note that they decided to use "respecTING each other." That's my first attempt at deciphering "respecting" because I've had no idea what else it may be code for. Pickets/PICOTs ("Tout foys prest" motto), like "resPECTing," are coming to mind as I speak, and they were first found in the same place (Cambridgeshire) as Tings/Tingels, as well as in Cheshire, meaning that the motto term might just have been deciphered correctly. In fact, French Balls/Balons (Brittany) use nothing but three ermine spots, as with Picots, while English Balls [lists Balas-like "Balls"] were first found in the same place as Picots. Ermine spots are used by various Arms of Vannes, where Voirs were first found, while Oliphants use a "voir" motto term as well as sharing "Tout" with Picots.

Oliphants, who use "Tout," like the "virTUTI" of Meleguli-suspect Palmers/Parmers, were traced to an alliance with Vis/Issa liners. Balas/Bailiss' are in the colors of the Blue roosters. Melita, between the Elaphiti islands and Vis, was traced to Miletus, where Mill / Mele/Mell liners can trace. Ragusa, beside the Elaphiti islands, is where the Dere's/Res' / Dero's/Rosals are now being traced whom just linked to Mele's/Meleguli's. "Prest" (a Picot motto term) is shared by the Talbots suspect with the Mele/Meleguli lion. Malahule thus becomes suspect with deer-using Mallets (in the colors of Dere's/Res').

Deise's/Dice's, suspect with Dyke's and Decks/Daggers, were suspect with a version of the Chill/Child Coat. Chill/Child colors are those of the ANNAS star while ANSchitel of the Bessin (married Poppa of St. Liz) was father to Ranulph de Briquessart, father of Le Meschin. They say that the latter was named after meschin = young, but I have not capitulated to that claim. There must have been some Masci blood behind him. Annas is suspect from a line of the ALBANians at Arnissa, and the AnsCHETIL (like the Cattels now linkable to Cecils) above was father to ALBerade de Beauffou, mother of Alice of Montfort, wife of Hugh de Montfort, bringing us back to rulers of Leicestershire, where Toeni's had things. The Alice's use a Coat version of the Albanian-suspect Alpins. Hugh de Montfort married the Beaumonts, the ones married also by Waleran, and while the latter is traced to LAEVillus, the Decks/Daggers are still suspect with Laevi on the Ticino. It can now trace Ticino/Tessin liners to "Deise" of southern Ireland. Montforts are likewise in Annas colors, while Tweeds are sharing the Annandale saltire, and the DESmond saltire (same as the Annandale's) has been traced to the Ananes of Placentia because the "Crom" motto term of Desmonds goes likely to neighboring Cremona. The red Annandale Chief has recently become suspect with the red Chief in the Arms of Crema (north a way from Cremona).

The Chill/Child Coat is used, apparently, by Pistons/PAIStons/Pastons, whom were looked up as per a Pistono lake at Ivrea (ancient EPORedia). The Pistons were first found in the same place again as Tute's and company. Childeric's ancestry was traced to VesPASia Polla, suspect with the Pasi line to Pasleys/Paisleys, but as Pasi's are "Pascels," it's a little notable that the Arms of Ivrea is just the Savoy / Swiss cross, as is the Pascal (with an 'a') cross. You may be able to glean, later, why the Singletarys are using the Piston chevron, but for the time being, Childeric liners are being discovered in Ivrea.

Boso (grandfather of Rozala), though in cahoots with Carolingians, may have been a Merovingian, for as these Franks claimed to be from a mythical QuinoTAUR sea bull, Boso's use a bull. The Ivrea-Turin rulers are coming to mind (as per Arduin of Ivrea, ruler of Turin), and then Abotts have a pear-using version of the Arthur rests. Abotts were looked up because the EPOREDia version of Ivrea gave the impression of Parrots/Perots ("amo" motto term) who share the Abott pears in the same colors and format, and ABOTTs are suspect with the BAUTica' river's Botters...who trace to Potters suspect with same-colored PORTers/PAWters, and so compare "PORT" with "EPOREDia." Plus, the Porter/PORETer(!) bells are in the colors of some primary roses (primary due to being in Russell colors) that have traced to Rozala. The portcullis gate of Porters became suspect as code for Proculus, son of Quadratilla and Laevillus.

As Arduin is now known to trace to Artois while Rozala traces to that Flanders area, and as the Artois capital was the city of Atrebates, note that Atrebates had a branch in Hampshire, where Botters, Porters and Potters were first found (I see Atrebates from mythical Atreus Lydians / Spartans). I now understand why Potters should have a Porter variation. I'm sold: these Hampshire liners, including Bidens/Buttons (bull horns), trace to Rozala / Arduin on the Bautica river. As the Tute's/Tuits / Tuttle's/Toothills were suspect with Tedaldus, note the Porter motto term, "virTUTE." French Porters use a bend in colors reversed from the same of Toothills.

BORETS (probably the Sutton lion) were first found in Somerset i.e. where Leavells were first found...and where Suttons lived. Suttons share the motto of Maeonian-suspect Maness'/Manners, and Atreus' son, MENElaus, was traced to Maeonians (co-founders of Lydians). The motto is "POUR Y PARvenir," suspect with Purys/Bureys (Potter / Porter colors), first found in the same place (Oxford) as Abotts and PEARs/Pearls. Pars look to be using the double fesse bars of Maness'/Manners. Pars even share fesse bars in both colors with HILTons, and while Mele liners connected with the pommel and hilt, they also traced seemingly to Miletus, which was alongside the Maeander river of Maeonians.

Another thing not to be missed in this trace is that Yate's use the portcullis gate too, and they were suspect in the "yet" motto term of Seatons/SITTEN while a SIDicini peoples of TEANO (Campania) had been traced to Teans/Thames', or the naming of the Thames river (Oxfordshire, London). Teans/Thames' were likewise first found in Oxfordshire, and moreover use a Coat like that of Abotts and Pears/Pearls. Suddenly, Pears and Purys are tracing to the very name of Ivrea. And BORTs, listed with a host of Bart-using surnames, were first found in the same place (Piedmont) as Ivrea! It's making the namers of Ivrea trace well to Bar, on the ADRiatic coast near lake Scodra. ATREus can trace to the Adriatic.

On Eporedia:

Established as a military outpost during the Roman penetration into the valley of the Dora Baltea about 100 B.C., the city belonged to the eleventh Roman region in the territory of the Salassi, and was the last of the colonies civium romanorum ascribed to the tribus Pollia. Eporedia was recorded in the late Republic in the letters of Cicero (Fam. 11.20). It was also mentioned by Strabo (4.6.7), Velleius Paterculus (1.15), Pliny (3.17; 21.20) and Ptolemy (3.1.34); and cited by Tacitus among the firmissima Transpadanae municipia (Hist. 1.70). It was the seat of a bishopric and the quarters of a garrison of Sarmati during the late Empire. The name is of Celtic origin, perhaps meaning “station of the horse carts,” and proves the existence of an ancient indigenous settlement...

It looks like no definite derivation is known. I suspect Eburovices from Aphrodite, namers, I say, of APRUTium, the ancient Abruzzo capital now re-named, TERAMo, a Thames-like term. Again, Ivrea-like Ivers are listed with Eure's, from Evreux, a term like the Abreu variation of Abruzzo's (familiar colors). The Brusi's, or Bruce's, were of Yorkshire, early called, EBORacum, like the Ebroicum version of "Eburovices." Off hand, I can't recall where the Eburones are stamped on maps, but my best recollection is smack at Artois, or at Belgium. I also recall the Nervii of that Belgium area. The Nervii were at least beside the mouth of the Rhine with Saluzzo-suspect Salian Franks (Merovingian ancestors) and their Batavi allies that I traced to "Padova" on the BODENcus river. It made the Nervii suspect with Neuri, and the Bodencus suspect with Budini. Eventually, thereafter, I was sure that Italian Botters were from Budini on the Bodencus (alternative name for the Padus/Po river). The map below has the Nervii at Artois.,_1st_century_BC.gif

There is a Nervi location four miles from Genoa. As I am sure of a trace of mythical Nereus and Doris (collectively called NEREIDs) to the NERETva / Naro river (not far north from Bar), home of a Daorsi people that went by similar names, by what coincidence were Doria's first found in Genoa? It looks like the Nero river at Ivrea can trace to the Neretva-branch Nahorites, while the namers of Ivrea can go to Bar elements. This does not detract from an Ivrea trace to Abruzzo liners, for there is a Nera river in central Italy, mentioned below. "The Nervii were one of the most powerful Belgic tribes...Their territory corresponds to the central part of modern Belgium, including Brussels, and stretched southwards into French Hainault."

I've just loaded the Eburones article: "The Eburones were a people who lived in the northeast of Gaul, in what is now the southern Netherlands, eastern Belgium, and the German Rhineland...Linguist Maurits Gysseling proposed that placenames such as Avendoren (Tienen), AVERdoingt ([in] Arras), AverBODE, and AVERNas (Hannut) may be derived from the Eburones." Those capitals are mine to indicate Ivrea, the Botters expected in Bautica, and Auvergne, where Bauts were first found. Note AvenDOREN, otherwise called, TIENen, like the Tien variation of Teans/Thames'.

Hannut above is not to be confused with nearby Hainaut. "Seventeen villages are included in the greater Hannut area: Abolens, Avernas-le-BAUDuin, Avin, BERTrée, BLEhen [evokes some Blain variations], Cras-Avernas..."

With Nervi being at Genoa, where Segni's/Segurana's (kin of MacArthurs) were first found, see this from the Eburones article: "And in the same passage, Caesar describes the Segni and Condrusi as being south of the Eburones..." That can explain why MacArthurs are using the Segni moline i.e. MacArthurs were of Artois. I don't recall whether Conte's / Conteville's were ever traced to a people group, but as COUNTERs are listed with antler-using Conte's, what about these CONDRusi? By what coincidence did John de Burgo de Conteville rule a Comyns location while Comines is in Artois? As heraldry has a COUNTERchanged symbol, it's notable that Changers/CHAYNgers (only blue fesse bars), were first found in Hampshire, where Josephs were first found whom I see as using the Comyns garbs.

Condors/Contors use a blue bend in both colors of the Segni bend. The Segurana variation of the latter was traced to the SAKARya river, also called, SANGARius, a lot like "Changer." The Sakarya was home to Brogitarus' great-mother cult, and he was grandfather to ARTEMidoros. BROGitarus is suspect with Brocks and Brocoffs, both using the Saluzzo Shield, and then Sangarius-like Sinkers use a dolphin version of the Sale bend. Brocks use the Stewart motto while Condors/Conters were first found in Shropshire (location of Clun), where the Saluzzo Coat was i.e. at the Clun surname. The Conders are said to be of a Mr. Venator, and Venators can be using the Stewart / Brock lion [the next update finds that it was the lion of the Hugh Lusignans, from Hugh I of Lusignan the Venator]. As Venators were first found in Cheshire, the lion can link to the Mele/Meleguli lion, for while the latter are said to be of a Mele location in Genoa (same place as Segni's), the top of the write-up says that they originated in Venice, where one might expect the origin of Roger Venator, of Condover (in the Condor write-up). Mele's/Meleguli's are the ones with a blue fesse (in both colors of the Conder bend) highly suspect with the Nagle fesse, and thus tracing to MacArthur-suspect Arduinici.

But as king Arthur was deemed a line of Merovingians in Britain, Arthurs must trace with Merovingians to the Veneti, for that's where Merovingians traced themselves. This picture must also trace to the Brittany Veneti, namers of Vannes. The Marleys, who use the Sinker dolphins in the same colors (both on a black bend), are said to be from Morlaix, in the area of the Brittany Veneti. I can glean that Marleys (probably the Sale/Sallett bend) were of the Marsi to the north side of the Salto. The Merovingians were pegged at Este (Padova, Veneto area), and it just so happens that the Singer/Sanger Crest has the black horse head in Crest that Este's once showed. The white Este horse's, which should be the white Singer/Sanger-Chief horse, is very traceable to the same of "est"-using Pepins = Merovingians.

Moreover, Nagle's share gold lozenges with Anchors/Annackers, who should be in the Condor anchor. German Nagle's/Nails/Neils are again using blue-on-white, and their saltire is shared by Pipers (white unicorn head, we get it), expected from Pepin of Landen in the Artois-Belgium theater i.e. location of Eburones. In fact, Pepin and Carolingians together are said to be from the Liege area, and Liege is where Eburones lived. Just view these peoples as the Aphrodite Hebrews coming as Heneti to the Veneti, and, then myth had the Heneti of ANTENor as the founder of Veneti, perhaps the line to Anton(y)s and Toeni's. If this is correct, I would make a distinction between "Todini/Tosni" and "Toeni," viewing them as a merger rather than "Toeni" being a modification from "Tosni."

In this Liege picture, the red Legh/Ligh lion is notable in case it was wrong to trace Leghs/Lighs to Ligurians, yet, as Genoa and Oneglia are in Liguria, the Condrusi and Eburones may have been Ligurians, and thus Liege can be a Ligurian/Ligyes settlement. As Este is beside Euganeo, see another red lion in the Eugene Crest, with a saltire in the Coat colors reversed from the Piper / Nagle/Nail saltire. The Eugene's are again using blue-on-white, and their flag can be code for Flags/Flecks, kin of Palmers/Parmers suspect with an origin (Parma) of Mele/s/Meleguli's. The Piper saltire and leaves traces to the Tess/Deck saltire and leaves and therefore to Laevi at Pavia/Papia.

Although Anchors/Annackers traced well to the Arms of Agrigento, where mythical Aeneas was before founding Rome (mythical terms), the Anchor/Annacker Chief, being red above a symbol-less white Shield, is linkable to the Arms of Crema, indicating, perhaps, that Agrigento elements were at Crema. This is somewhat verified in various ways, starting as follows. The Dackets were just looked up after this paragraph began, as per the "AuDACITer" motto of Eugene's, and there popped up the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's (another symbol-less white Shield) with three gold crescents in Chief, the colors of the three Anchor-Chief lozenges. Dackets are Dagge's/Deggs/DEAGE's (Dease / Deise liners?) and thus suspect with Annas liners (of the Annacker kind) in cahoots with Laevi on the Ticino. The Hips', traceable to the Hypsas river, alternative name of the Drago (Agrigento), have a Shield suspect with that of Decks/Daggers, and the latter's red squirrel is in the Crest of Carrick-rooted Gilberts ("TEG" motto term, Arms-of-Carrick chevron). The red squirrel can also trace with red-squirrel Squirrels/Square's to the square in the Arms of Placentia, home of Ananes. The red bull head of Anchors can trace to the same bull head (different color) of Dreux' (Drake colors), suspect from the Drago, but settled in Dreux, smack on the Eure river some 20 miles from Evreux! We get it, for Aphrodite (or Venus, code for Veneti) was made the mother of Aeneas! This is such an important paragraph for verifying much, and it would not have been anything had not the Dackets popped to mind, for the first time ever, at the sight of the Eugene motto. Such a way of viewing that motto had never crossed my mind until here.

For new readers, the Craig ancestry of Carricks was traced to "ACRAGus," a version of "Agrigento." And on the first day of discovering Agrigento, people on its Drago river were traced to the Stura-Demonte river of Cuneo i.e. near Saluzzo. As Agrigento was founded by the namers of Gela on Sicily, GILberts and Meleguli's may apply. Gells/Jells (Marley bend?) were first found in Yorkshire i.e. where Eburovices lived.

As Crombys can trace to Crema, by what coincidence are Crombys said to use bottony crosses, the Venator symbol??? The Buttons (now tracing to the Bautica) were not only first found in the same place as Drake's, but share the bull theme of Dreux's.

It just so happens that while Maness'/Manners (a branch of Mens'/Mengzies found in the Pepin motto) share blue-on-gold fesses with Changers, the Mannes/Manner motto is, "Pour y ParVENIR." That convinces me already that Manners were kin of the Venators listed with VENNORS/VENERS. But then Changers, and the counterchanged symbol, look indeed like Condrusi kin. The Mens'/Mengzies not only use another white-and-symbol-less Shield, but a symbol-less red Chief, making it the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Agrigento and Crema. See also the Mens kin of Poppins and Glenns / Glennys for further insights, noting the "Mens pristina mansit" motto of Poppins, likely honoring Abruzzo-suspect Pressons/Prestons. One Preston Coat (shares white tower with Abreu's and Presleys) uses black unicorn heads linkable to the black Este horse head, for while Abreu's/Abruzzo's share two symbols of Presleys, Abreu's/Abruzzo's were first found in Padova, location of Este. As "Padova" traces to "Batavi," it may not be coincidental that Bute's/Butts (ESToiles) use the Este horse head, having the effect of tracing Batavi / Merovingians to Bute.

This makes Abreu's suspect with the Marsi of Abruzzo at the founding of Papia/Pavia by Marici and Laevi, prior to moving westward to Evreux and giving their two gold-on-red lions to the Arms of Normandy (changed them to leopards). The Normandy leopards are highly suspect in the lions in the Arms of England, while the Eugene saltire is suspect with the Arms of Scotland. But why did Normandy change them to leopards? Leopards/Leppards (gold leopard faces) were first found in Sussex, where the first Normans conquered England. I'm guessing that the two Leopard Coats together are indication of Payens and Paine's, but the latter use "Malo mori" as apparent code for Malahule of More.

Yonge's were traced to the proto-Hungarians on the Ticino (as crazy as that sounds to historians), but at that time, and not until now, did the "praestat" motto term of Scottish Yonge's play into the trace. Prestons use "Praesto." If the Marleys were Marsi, then Marsi must have been at Morlaix (Brittany), which is said because Morleys use the gold leopard faces of Morlands while Prestons were first found in Westmorland. It's also where Dawsons were first found, though they are said to be from Dieppe, where Malahule was born. It may appear as though the makers of the Arms of Normandy loved Malahule and the Bessin more than Rollo. And let's not forget that the specialized Morley / Morland leopard face is in the Crest of Levi-loving Ade's.

The Picots, suspect with the motto of Bessin-suspect Biss' (same place as Leopards/Leppards), use "prest." The Cheshire Picots are said to be from BUTley in Prestbury, where English Kerricks ("NUNquam NON Paratus") are said to derive (Scottish Carricks are listed as "Kerrick".) The Presleys/PRIESTleys once showed the Kerrick symbol exactly, but they were changed to hooks. While "paratus" can trace to several entities not necessarily contradictions, what about to "EPOREDia" (Ivrea)? The Arms of Rieti uses "Pratis." Over and over, like an overdone rooster on a rotisserie, Normans are being forked as Italians. Kerricks use a pile in colors reversed from the piles of Yonge's (same place as Pratts, share black wolf with Pratts), and are in Prude / Pratt colors. Pratts are traced to Rouen castle, the Norman capital. The Pratt trefoil may be a little, tell-tale clue for linkage to Palmers/PARMers.

I had no idea when starting the paragraph above with Biss' that they would link to the Presley motto term. "Respice," like the "resPECTing" term that describes the two Biss snakes...which was the term that brought PICOTs ("prest" motto term) to topic. That works to link Picots/Pickets (Piceni / Picenti liners?) and Biss' to Abruzzo liners of the Presley kind. When the Presley hooks were shown identical with the Kerrick symbol, they were called, grappling hooks, but when the Presley design changed, the hooks were called, grappling irons (apparent code for the Irons). This can trace Presleys to Gripel in the Vannes part of Brittany, home of the Veneti. It's where I trace Fane's/Vans from Fano, between Padova and Picenum. As the Marsi>Marici line is expected with Presley elements, note that there is a lion, called, "St. Mark," in the Coat / Crest of Voirs, said to be from Gripel. The "finem" motto term of Presleys can thus be for the Fein variation of Fane's/Vans and Finis'.

Also, as Biss' are being traced to Issa/Vis, while the heraldic term, "ISSuing" was thought to indicate Issa liners, Presleys use "three silver towers [Abreu symbol], each with a gold demi lion rampant [Abreu symbol) ISSuing out of it."

I've veered off the Condrusi topic, but have been firmly on the Abreu liners since, suspect with the Eburones on the one side of Condrusi's. This is all very interesting for including the Kennedys (share a version of the Cassel Coat and motto), who share dolphins with Singers/SANGERs / Marleys, for the SANGARius river was in the neighborhood of Paphlagonian HENETI, not only where I trace Aphrodite (i.e. suspect with Eburones), but "KENNEDY" too. And as the Sanger Coat traces with Sale's/Salletts to the Salto river, location of Avezzano, that's where the Kennedy motto traces. In fact, the entire Kennedy motto traced from Lafins, Conte's (Condrusi suspects, right?) and Avis'/Avisons (share anchor with Conders/Contors) to John de Burgo of Conteville and Comyns. Yes. And Cassels (share a BLACK key with the Arms of Comines) are now expected with Cattels and Caddells sharing the Mele fret. It's making the Malahule>Tosni line suspect from Heneti. Cattels were traced to Cattolica, beside Fano. The Italian Normans.

As Kennedys (Ayrshire, same as Carricks who traced to Agrigento) are using the Arms of Carrick (fitchees included), let's repeat the Marjory Carrick was married to Adam whose mother was a Miss. Comyns! Her surname was traced to lake Como, where the Adda flows out of, and ends up passing near Crema!!! Blake's/Caddels were traced to the Nero river (Ivrea, near the Adda), and so the Nero Coat can be using the Kennedy chevron, but as it's the Carrick chevron, Carricks at the Nero river is evidence of Agrigento liners at Ivrea. That works.

As Frisians were English Anglo speakers, while Marsi trace to the pre-Norman Mercians in the midst of Anglos, it's notable that the Singer/Sanger Chief uses the Frey horse in both colors. SINGers can indicate the Singular version of Sinclairs, and/or the Singletons/Singletarys with the black antelope now tracing to Les Andelys of Tosni. While the Singletary anteLOPE was traced to the same of Wheelwrights = Mieszko liners, the Wheelwrights share a six-sectioned Shield with Tate's, that being a Taddei- / Tatton-suspect line from lake Tatta, in LOPO-ville Lycaonia.

If it was correct to identify king Arthur with Merovingians in Britain, Childeric, the first Merovingian king, should trace to Arduin of Ivrea. While the Sirio river is likewise at Ivrea, by what coincidence do Sere's and Sears share the chevron in Child- and Piston-chevron colors. Lest you've forgotten, Pistons use the Chill/Child Coat and were suspect with lake Pistono at Ivrea? The Pistons, in using the Piast eagle, look like the Piast line said to be of Piast the Wheelwright. Let's not be naive. This line may have been of Pisa, beside Lucca. That works. And Wheelwrights (Piston colors) even use a "Res" motto term that has became suspect with Rozala. Note the dancette style of Wheelwrights, used by English Randolphs and Dunhams (Obama's mother was a Dunham).

The Sirio reminds of the Sere / Seer trace to the Serio tributary of the Adda river (not very far east of Ivrea), where Atha's/Baths were traced who link hard to the Randolph cross, both surnames using a cross of the same type, and in colors reversed from the same-type Arms-of-Ivrea cross. Obama's ancestry is known to be in both Randolphs and Singletarys (Jonathan Singletary changed his surname to Dunham). This paragraph is being inserted here immediately after writing on Singletarys below, where the question arose as to why the Singletary Crest is a black platee one like that of Walerans, and wondering whether the Black surnames applied. I then found the Nero river (for the first time, though it was inserted above) at Ivrea, while the Nero surname was first found in Tuscany's Lucca, where Botters were first found whom I traced to the Bautica river i.e. at Ivrea. Very interesting indeed. As Irish Arthurs use the same-colored chevron (as Pistons / Sere's / Sears), it's a very good clue as to where proto-Arduins may trace (i.e. to Lucca). If not for the blue vair in the Nero chevron, it might be the Sere / Child / Piston chevron. As you will see, the Black Coat will trace to the Serio river.

If correct that Arduin liners had merged with the Chives liners, this would be a good place to add that the Lucca surname uses a cat while the Chives Crest has a cat-a-mountain, while Mountains use white-on-blue bulls, not only a symbol tracing well to Turin (where Arduin ruled), but linking quite obviously to the white-on-blue bull of Boso's i.e. from the ancestry of Rozala. Again, while the Boso bull design is of the Claro's/CHIARo's, there is a Chieri location (Montferrat) very-near Turin, while the Mosca's of MonteChiaro are in the Chives-Crest cat = the Mosca leopard. As Boso was a ruler in Burgundy (as well as Tuscany), the Mountains are likely using the saltire of Messeys/Messier's, first found in Burgundy. This is in keeping with the expectation that Masci's (Piedmont) were in cahoots with Taddei's of Tuscany.

Another apparent revelation comes with the English Noels, who share fretty with Thwaits (same place as Pistons), and were looked up as per Alice Montfort Noel, daughter of Hugh Montfort (died in Eure-et-Loir = the Tosni bloodline) and Adeline Beaumont. The Noels are said to be of RANTon and ELLENhall locations suspect with Alans/Ellens of the RUNDel kind. While Arundel was suspect with Aarons using two hands clasping from clouds, Rantons use "Two hands holding a sword." Rantons may have been unable to use "clasping" for not linking closely enough either to Clas'/Klassens or Pings/Paganells. The Noell write-up speaks on an early Noel de AUDianis, and Aude's show only swords. The Knowell variation of Noels can indicate Nobels (roundels) because they share the blue lion with Rantons. Rinds ("fragRANTior" motto term) use "guillie flowers" traceable to Guillie = Willa of Tuscany, and we saw a "flower" in the Coat of the Tuscany Toni's. As Willa was mother of Rose-suspect Rozala, its notable that a giant white-on-red rose is used by Dutch Nobels, in the colors of the giant cinquefoil of Leicester (Montfort country, right?), which is thought (by me) to be of the Flower cinquefoil. The latter's is shared in both colors by Potters while the guillie flowers are said to be in a POT. Potters are from Botters (Lucca), and yet Potters are now traceable to the Bautica aside from the old Botter trace to that river.

This is a good place to jot down that while Montforts use the two-tailed lion of Bohemia (traces Montforts in Fanano to Boii of Bologna and Modena), and while English Lowers/Louers traced with their white roses to Rozala, German and Jewish Lowers/Lobe's/Lebe's (almost the Montfort lion) were first found in Bohemia. English Lowers use their white roses in both colors of the Potter cinquefoils. The Crest of English Lowers shares a unicorn with Cnuts, and then Danish Cnuts use "pot hangers," part code for Hangers, first found in the same place as Potters. King Cnut was the son of Tosni-suspect Swietoslawa, she being of the Wheelwright line.

This recalls grade-10 history class with Mr. Lewis as the teacher. We were to do a project with topic of our own choosing , and decided on Bonaparte, and scored 93, my best marks ever in high school. I began to think that maybe I had some talent for history, and here I am decades later working history to the bones, uncovering things that historians grapple / frustrate over for lack of heraldic insights. Although "lew" means "lion" in an old Aryan language, Julie may have been right when she implied that "Lewis" is from "Lupus." I had argued against it. Julie has been very helpful with keen gleanings from her own work.

I've yet to check for a Tudy surname as per the term appearing in the Lower write-up. Tudys are listed as Tottie's/Totta's, but the Coat shows only a chevron, nothing else to work with. The Tudys/Tottie's were first found in the same place (Staffordshire) as Noels/Knowells. The Tudy chevron is in the colors of the Rind bend, and the only other symbol used by Rinds are the same scallops as Mallets, which can trace Tudys to the Res/Dere and Ros/Rosal/Dero surnames, where the Lower roses trace. Ranton-suspect Rinds are now tracing good enough to Rozala, not forgetting that SatterTHWAITE's use the same roses. Then, zowie, DEREhams were first found in the same place as Thwaits and Tute's!

The large stag head of Derehams/Deerhams, in Malley colors, has just reminded that ANTELopes and ANTLers were suspect as code for the same entity. As per, anteLOPE, the Lupellus / Loop line has been tracing to Les ANDELs (location of Louviers of the Tosni's). There are two Lope surname's listed with Lopez', and the Portuguese branch has a border of gold-and-blue billets, symbol that surrounds the Dole Coat. As the Lope Coat has a large castle, Rennes-le-Chateau is expected in that symbol, for Rennes is in Vilaine with Dol. We then find more stag heads in the Dole Coat, and they are in the familiar colors and format of the Todd foxes, the Fidelow (= Vis-de-Loop) wolf heads, the horse heads of Lewers/Lewgars (same place as Tute's), and the Alan martlets. The Dole description verifies that the border feature uses billets.

Back to Lucca, and the Piasts / Mieszko's suspect from that area. The Mosca liners that we saw connecting with Messeys, all wrapped up in Rozala's family, are traceable to Massai's/Massars (two Abreu lions, by the looks of it), first found in Lucca, and to Massi's listed with Mattis', using the checks of Fers/Ferrats and WheelWRIGHT-suspect Wrights. As you saw, Rozala's grandfather (Boso) traced to something in Chieri, between Turin and Montferrat. Included in this framework were the Chives' suspect from Ceva, but suspect also from the Cavii peoples on the Mathis river, a river tracing to Mathis' (Burgundy again) who share the Chives moline, and moreover who link to Mattis' at Massa-Carrara, beside Lucca. The rulers of Massa-Carrara used checks in the colors of the Mattis / Ferrat checks. It is all about Caiaphas and Maccabee liners. Having re-laid that groundwork, let's go to the MALAspina's, rulers of Massa-Carrara, for SPINA liners had become suspect with Balso D'ESPAINEs, grandson of MALAhule. It looks like we've nailed Malahule / Tosni liners at Massa-Carrara.

When we go to the Espaine's/Spineto's (nice'a Italian name), first found on the same place (Somerset, not Italy) as Leavells, we find their write-up tracing to ALFRED d'EsPAGNE, brother of Roger Toeni, from Espagne in Pont Audemer. This must all be of the "Malo' mori" of the Paine's, clearly enough. And while the Massars/Massai's are suspect with the two gold lions of Abreu's', both pairs facing one another combatant (code for Somerset Battins/Badens), the Portuguese Abreu's share the FIVE wings of Portuguese ALFREDS in both colors. Masci's use the same wings in white. But wait, while both Masci wings once showed in white, one of them is now gold, in BOTH colors of the Alfred wings. English Alfreds (Masci / Massena colors, same place as Massins/Masons), with more bottony crosses, can then trace to the Bautica with Buttons/Bidens.

How possibly could heraldry not include an Alfred surname tracing to king Alfred "the great"? But how could Italian Masci's trace to a Saxon in Britain As the flag of Mercia, identical to the Messey/Messier saltire. As the Maccus alliance with Saxons in Cheshire. Ask Sitric's alliance with Aethelstan in Northumbria. Masci's who? The lowly Masci's, they were everywhere in FreeMASONry, in the highest of little places, and the lowest of big places, like mice in all the walls of the world, they infiltrated. As Sitric married Edith of Polesworth, it's notable that Espaine's are in Pollock colors.

And so we come to the Spicks/Specks/Spocks, with a double-headed eagle in the design of the same of Maccus-liner Maxwells, but upon multiple fesse bars in the colors of the same of Cavetts. The porcuPINE in the Spick Crest, and the write-up's trace to "espec," and the Italian "spina" for a porcupine quill, can suggest Spina Espaine/Spineto liners. Spicks/Specks are said to be from Speke near Liverpool, and that latter location i suspect with Levers/Livers (same place as Specks / Liverpool). Levers/Livers first became a topic in this update when seeking Louvier liners, another reason for tracing Specks to Malahule>Tosni liners.

The double-black Lever bendlets may not only trace to Kays/Keys, but to Insubres-suspect Ince's / Inch's, which has the effect of tracing to the Atta river (land of Insubres). As Insubres are suspect also with black-saltire Supers/Sobers, first found in Devon, same as black-cross Chives'; this jibes with the Speck expectation of using the Cavett bars. The saltire of Supers/Sobers is engrailed, as with the cross of Sinclairs (who are honored in the Lever-Crest rooster) and one of the Lever bendlets. Supers/Sobers were first found in the same place as Spice's/Spicers, whose towers can be suspect with the Abreu's. Mouse tower liners at the Pisa theater? The Spine's are using almost the colors and format of Spice's all around. Spine's are said to be of Norfolk (where TUTE's and kin were first found), and of Feltwells (Norfolk). It just so happens that Dutch Felts are showing nothing but the flory Bouillon / TADDEI cross in colors reversed.

I've been doing this a long time, and would have picked up on any surname sharing the two Levi lions in pale, but I can't recall one surname doing so (as though the design is exclusive to Jewish Levi's), until finding them here, apparently, with Feltwells/Feathwells. The only difference is that the Levi lions have a left-front paw a little further ahead, which may or may not be a registered difference at all. Feltwells are traced to Noyers in Eure, no guff. Feltwell is said to be beside VESLy, perhaps linkable to Vis-de-Loop.

The colors and format of Spice's are those of Capone's, traceable to Cavii at the Clausula river, location of Cupionich = KOPLik, a line to GOPLo, location of the mouse tower (known origin of Piast the Wheelwright). The Kopple rooster, in colors reversed, becomes gold, the color of the Sinclair / Lever rooster. Levers were from Levi's of the Caiaphas kind, weren't they? The Spice-Crest description: "An arm holding a fire ball." However, in the houseofnames page, the are (in cuffed sleeve) seems to be holding holly (Maxwell symbol).

German Felds use LEAVES on a "tree stump," and Jewish Felds (Annas star?) put the same-as Chives / Mathis moline in their Chief, but call it a "Maltese cross." German Feldmans/Veldmans (Prussia) use the same Coat but show more of what one expects of the Maltese cross (otherwise called a patee). Still, the link to Chives seems to be in play here. Houseofnames knows the difference between the moline and the patee, and probably knows the Maltese cross too. It looks like Malta Masonry was a Chives entity. It expects Cavii (or Mathis-river liners) in Malta. The patee has been deemed code for Patti, in the Messina part of northern Sicily.

, The Malta surname (Sardinia) is also "MalVESSI" (evokes Vesly of the Feltwells), perhaps indicating that Malahule liners were from the namers of Malta, and could have been from Melita's alliances with Ves/Issa. It makes sense here. The Jewish-Feld Shield is a virtual copy of the German Kaplan Coat. As Caplans / Chaplins are of English Josephs, the "wlad" motto term of the latter might be of a Feld / Veld branch. Just for fun, "Waldman" was entered, to get the Feldmans. There are two white stars in the Feld / Feldman Coats, and Vlads use another one, a Zionist star this time. English Waldhams/Walthams (Leicester, still in-tune with Tosni's) have the same chevron colors as Fields/Felds, and put white estoiles around it. Fields/Felds (engrailed chevron in the colors of the same of Spice's) share garbs with the English Joseph Chief. It looks like we've discovered some new things about Levi / Caiaphas liners to Felds. Caplans use a dancette design at their chief like that of Randolphs.

A consideration here is that while Kennedys share the dolphin with Reagans, the Raines', said to be from Ragins, use the colors and format of Waldhams / Fields, and then, while Kennedys trace to Vannes, Raines' trace to Brittany's Rennes. Yet more, Reagans can be expected at RAGNvald, brother of Malahule! While the dolphin is expected from Dauphine at times, yet the Dolphin surname can also apply at times. Dolphins/DOLfine's ("vita") are using dolphins in the colors of the DOL whale (Waleran elements. right?), and then Rennes is in the same part of Brittany as Dol. The DolFINE variation can indicate the Fane's/Feins of Vannes, and so let's repeat that dolphin-using Marleys were from Morlaix, north of Vannes.

How many other dolphins are code for Dols? Dolphin-using Kennedys trace to Veneti, right? Dolphin-using Caesars, roses throughout, can trace to the Alans stars suspect with the Julian stars. As the Dolphin dolphins are in the colors and format of the three Pilate pheons, while "pheon" is like "Fein," the "FIRMum" motto term of Dolphins becomes suspect with Firminy, beside Mont Pilat.

Irish Wale's use an "ceasar" motto term, as well as sharing "nihil" with Dolphins. The Fine's (Fane/Fein colors), using the lion of Irish Wale's, are listed with FINIS'/Feins (from counts of Boulogne in Artois), first found in the same place (Kent) as Caesars, and suspect in the unFINISHed pyramid of the Great Seal. It just so happens that "Morlaix is a commune in the FINIStere department of Brittany..." Now we know. The Arms of Finistere became important several weeks ago when finding its upright white-on-blue ram, the Baut symbol. Bauts were first found in the same place as Bouillons, but the Templar-related Bouillons were at Boulogne, no coincidence. Fine's/Finis' definitely trace to Finistere, and to the first kings of Templar Jerusalem. This is your Great-Seal bunch, America, not Christians, not close, but those who wanted to form a "church" in the name of Jesus that ruled the earth before the Time, a counterfeit Godhood in the name of Jesus.

Irish Wale's translate their motto, "Either Caesar or No One," but what kind of a motto is that for an Irishman, or a Norman? Surely, the Dol whale traces to Julius Caesar (spit), the educated killer and trouncer of the earth.

The other half in the Arms of Finistere is using a lion in the colors of the Flanders lion, but facing sinister. It's feasible that the heraldic dolphins under discussion do trace to Dauphine, where Boso may have gotten some authority. In that way, Dauphine elements could have followed Rozala to Flanders. But she was married secondly to Robertians in Paris, where Chappes' and Levi's were first found. And Robertians were from CAPets. One Capet surname is sharing the Fulke/Folk Shield, apparently, the write-up of which traces in particular to Fulk III Nerra...traceable to Ivrea with more evidence than meets the eye here, as you will see.

"UNfinished" can go to "unum"- and "una"-using Cecils (lions in Raines-lion colors), said to be a branch of Cassels, and then Cassels share the Kennedy dolphin. Add to this the blue Chief worn by the bald eagle, which traces to Alans in Clun, and much of the Great Seal is discovered from Stewarts. Wale's/Walls', by the way, share the white wolf head in Crest with the Seal Crest. The black Seal-Coat wolf heads then link as Quadratus liners to the black wolf in the Fine/Finis Crest. I haven't been watching closely, but the Wale Coat is the first COUNTERchanged one noticed since speaking on the Condrusi (Artois) and the Venator surname, a topic that involved Eburones of Artois / Flanders. It should be interesting to find what counts of Boulogne the Fine's were, or what their relations were in that capacity.

The Reagan chevron is an illegal silver-on-gold one shared by Oswestry-suspect Westrys. If we think there should be at least one More surname that links to the More ruled by both Ragnvald and Malahule, the Scottish More's are using what looks like a version of the Nagle Coat (both share the Seal fesse), which would have the effect of tracing the viking-More location to Arduinici. Irish More's are using the MORgan lion, and can therefore trace to mythical Morgan le Fay, a correct trace because Veys/Vivians share a purple lion with Wrens, the latter from Ralph Raines. I've never emphasized the VYSE variation of Veys. The "emerging" term for the description of the white Wale wolf head was deemed code for Mergins / Mergens / Morgans.

As Rutland is at Leicester, and as WATsons (oak tree stump) were first found at a Rutland, what about the WHATham/WATham variations of Waldhams/Walthams (blue-Indian peacock in Crest)? It just so happens that Watts, Vatts and Watsons share a giant oak tree with Irish Fields/Feeleys/FEHley. Irish Fays are also FAHEY/Vahey." Should we assume that Felds were not from a Feld-like peoples, but rather from all-seeing-eye WITkowo? The Quade's/WADE's were of this line. Were Fays a branch of Fields / Felts? This is a muddy paragraph. I would guess that Quade liners merged with Feld liners that may very well have been Fays. Irish Fays have a sword through the head of a boar, similar to the fleur-de-lys through the face of a leopard used by Quade-suspect Ade's and More-suspect Morleys / Morlands. If the Fays use the Gord boar head, Fays are suspect with Boofima through the Nagle's of Imperia. In any case, here's from the first update of this month:

I had traced to Watts / Vatts to the all-seeing-eye in the Arms of WITkowo, and it has an eye inside of a triangle, just like the Great Seal!!! Although I thought that the Witkowo eye is upon a shell of some kind, I now realize that it's on a so-called "glory," the term used around the eye in the Great Seal! The glory is a shining light, but must be code for Glorys/Lowrys, who use a large cup. If Wikipedia shortly removes the Witkowo Arms, here it is in my files:

The Watson motto: "Mea GLORIA fides." Imagine that; the creators of the Great Seal loved the Watsons, and here they are being discovered as Caiaphas liners. That English Watson Coat even uses black martlets, symbol of French Josephs. Again, I have it from a good source (emailer Pollock) that Lady Rothes of the Pollocks (granddaughter, I think she was, of Peter Pollock), married a Mr. Watson, and this was realized as the all-seeing-eye that many trace to ROThschilds. That surname is perhaps to be understood as, RothsCHILD, for Childs use a red Shield. It appears that the Watson motto is calling Vis-de-Loop a glorious thing.

AHA! Remember those two hands from a cloud of Aarons (expected from Levi liners). The Scottish Watson/Watty/Whatty Crest has two hands from two clouds ("Two hands holding the trunk of an oak tree.")

As the triple Levi chevrons were used in Hainaut, where the capital is Mons, and while the Mons surname is listed with Mounts (Peebles, same place as Rothschild-rooted Bowers), here's a Watson-Coat description: "Silver an oak tree inclined, growing out of a MOUNT surMOUNTed by a blue fesse." Since when is a fesse said to be surmounted? There is a boinging sound here, something like Rosy-Cross liners boinging from Flanders to Scotland. And look, the Mons lion is that also of Leghs/Lighs, now suspect with Liege! Boingo! In black, it's the Flanders lion.

There is a Lige surname with two red-on-gold chevrons, while Levi's use three black on gold, the colors of the Lige canton. The Lise variation can trace with Lys'/Lise's to Lissus, the Cavii / Mathis theater. As the Laevi must trace to Laevillus and Quadratilla, let's repeat that the Lice surname ("Fide" motto term likely of Fiddle's/Fidelows), sharing "Lee" with Leghs/Lighs, and having a Leas variation like the Leash of Lige's, are using three leopard faces in the colors of the three QUADE wolf heads, and in the colors of the leopard faces of Levi-beloved Ade's (rhymes with "Quade"), and that "Lice" was taken from the motto of Quade-related Mackays who likewise use the Quade wolf heads...suspect with the three wolf heads of Fiddle's of Vis-de-Loop. I've always passed on trying to decipher the "fortiTUDINE" motto, used, for example, by Lice's/Lee's above, but it now seems Todini-important. The entire motto, "Fide et fortitudine," along with what else has popped up in this update, can suggest a Lupus-Laevillus trace though the Lupellus-related Todini's, and into Vis-de-Loop. Scottish Mackays use "forti."

The Sauer Milk of Tute-sies Boinging into Scotland (not my best sub-title ever)

The red-on-white colors of Todds, Fidelows, and Lewers recalls the giant leopard face of English Antonys (Boofima suspects). Antonys use so-called flaunches, the Nobel and Wolfley symbol. Obama has known Wolflin ancestry while it's online that German Wolflins changed to "Wolfley" when arrived to America. Obama also has known ancestry in Singletarys (triple chevrons). If you like brain teasers, try the Singletary description: "A black demi antelope platée, with silver antlers and beard, pierced through the chest with a gold broken spear and dripping blood." This recalls the black tiger platee of Walerans. Waleran was of the lords of Yvery that used triple chevrons. The Blacks are traced to chimney sweepers, which is a ridiculous claim, especially as the Chimney surname uses an antelope! Let's just say that Blacks linked up with Les Andelys Tute's.

When the Singletarys were in a paragraph earlier, they were with Childeric elements that had traced to Ivrea, but then the Sirio river at Ivrea was suspect with the Serio river, the location of Crema, and the latter's Arms shares the Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Scottish Blacks. It looks like Blacks are related to Nero's suspect at the Nero river of Ivrea, near or even beside the Sirio. The Blacks (highly suspect with the Glass stars) even use a chevron in colors reversed to those of Sere's and Sears. I think we have the Black secret.

I've not known about this Nero river, and it's the first time that the Nero surname has worked into a Nero-river picture. There is a Nera river near Rieti that was suspect with emperor Nero because Vespasian's family was in Rieti, and because Vespasian followed on the imperial throne about a year after Nero's death. A Nera trace to the Nero is even expected because the Nera flows to Terni, meeting the Turano there, terms that are sure to trace to Turin i.e. near the Nera. Watch and see how Salto-river lines to Saluzzo connect with the picture as Nero / Black liners are investigated.

Emperor Nero started the war against Israel that Vespasian continued. There is so little in the Nero Coat that it's hard to make links to anything. But watch and see what happens. The Nero Coat shares blue vair fur with Quints, and many other surnames all linking to Vere liners of the Vair kind, and Vairs/Fers' use a Shield of red-and-white checks, what might be the check colors on Tedaldus' throne. Watch and see how we end up on Todini liners, therefore, for it gives the impression that Tedaldus was a Vere liner, even as I expect Ferrari's to connect with Vere's. Fers, likewise using a Shield filled with checks, list "Ferrat" so that we expect Vere liners at Montferrat (south side of Turin), smack at Bra / Monforte. It's that Tanaro river again that Sinclairs trace to, who didn't want their world to know.

Furs are listed with Fire's/Feuerers that traced with Demonte's to the Stura-Demonte river in Cuneo (this was the Agrigento trace to the Stura). That's not quite the Monforte area but close. The Stura is between Ceva and Saluzzo. The Fur unicorn is in the colors and position of the Montfort lion. The Fewer variation (of Furs) may per-chance go to the "Fuimus" motto of Bruce's and Were's, for while Were's look like some Feuerer variations, Few's show a heart while there was a thing called "the heart of Bruce" in Templarism. Supposedly, a Douglas family tried to get the heart of king Bruce (pickled in a jar?) to Jerusalem, but this stretchy story sounds more like a cover-up on the real reason for the Douglas heart.

On the Gleason Coat, the Glass stars look to be from Botters of Lucca. It's a round-about method of boinging Scottish Blacks from Ivrea again. The Douglas heart got to the Lanark surname, and while Lanark is beside Glasgow, Blacks are using the Glass (or is it the Botter?) star. A difficulty arises where Black-like Placks, listed with Plocks/Plucknetts (Pulley/Pullen martlets), are said to be from Plunkets, while the Brittany Plunketts are sharing a white-on-black bend with Gleasons. Does this mean that Blacks are not from the Nero river, but rather a branch of Plunketts?

While the first king Bruce was a son of ADAM Kilconquhar's wife, Scottish Blacks speak on an Adam de Black in Lanark. Douglas' (SALamander in flames) were Flemings while the Few's use "a red heart in flames". Keep in mind that Flemings of Templar importance are being traced to Rozala's marriage with Flanders, for Rozala's family members, or allies, could easily have been on Ivrea's Nero river. Recall the Lige surname suspect with Liege in Flanders, for it shares two red chevrons on gold with Larens/Clarens (Clare liners, clearly), first found in Lanarkshire. It just boinged Flanders over to the Glasgow theater. But this was preceded by a ping from the Bautica, wasn't it, because Glass' were first found in BUTEshire. The heraldic pin-ball machine pings all over Europe as fast as you can read the Coats. Sometimes, I start feeling like I'm the ball.

Emperor Nero was a Julius-Caesar liner, and a Roman Agrippa on his mother's side. Julians share a salamander in flames with Douglas'. Hmm, wasn't Nero the one who set Rome in flames? Hmm.

To help prove that the Black stars link to the same-colored ones of Glass' or the Flemish Biggers of Lanark, Blacks use a "Non" motto term while Non's share a fesse in the same colors with Fews; Blacks then share a "sed" motto term with Sedans ("None" motto term). Thus far, we seem to have a solid Black-Sedan link. The latter are from Seddon of south-west Lancashire, location also of Liverpool and the Speke location of Specks. We are still on Malaspina-suspect Malahule liners with Specks, and while the "sine" motto term of Sedans suggests MeluSINE (she's in the Glass Crest), who was traced to Miletus / Melita, that's where Malahule liners are being traced. It gives the impression that Melusine, who was said by the Vere's to be between Avalon (Bute) and Anjou, were Malahule liners. That is a new twist for me. The "sed" terms, while linking especially well with Seatons (Flemings), can go to Shetland, where the motto uses "byggar." Thus, Blacks appear to be all over Flemish entities, a good reason to at least consider their trace to Rozala and husband.

I'd say that Blacks are using the Kilpatrick saltire. The Burns and Bernice's, possibly from Berenice Agrippa, share BLACK hunting horns with Patch's, suspect with the Patchie variation of Kilpatricks, and the latter are suspect from the Roman Patricians that were through the Julian line to Nero. While I am very sure that the Kilpatrick lion is that of Levi's, let's keep in mind that the Levi lions are now discovered with Feltwells, while Feltwell was a location of Malaspina-suspect Spine's. There is an Italian Spina surname (Zionist stars), first found in Naples, where Capone's were first found that use a black-on-white lion head, the colors of the Levi lions. This is significant because Spine's and Spice's use the colors and format of English Capone's, and because Julius Caesar had an affair with Mrs. Caepionis. It was this very affair that got me to a long investigation, still -on-going, seeking to find the birth of Caiaphas from it.

Sedans were first found in Durham, where the Were river passes through, and Were's are suspect with the Ivery bend, and therefore with the Rosy-Cross line i.e. from Rozala of Ivrea. Were's were found to be a branch of Vere's / Vairs, in spite of the Were write-up saying it isn't so, and Vere's who connect to Melusine in the Glass Crest were of the Fulks of Anjou, one of which had a Nerra surname. Should we trace Fulks of Anjou to the Nero river at Ivrea? Looks like. The "Chi sera sera" motto of Fulke's/Folks -- first found in Norfolk again, where those Tute liners seem to have had a large presence -- looks linkable enough to "Che sara sara," the motto of Rosy-Cross suspects, the Russells. NOW, while the first king of Templar Jerusalem, Godfrey de Bouillon, if you will, has been traced to Ivrea's Bautica, couldn't the Anjou Fulks trace to Ivrea by another method, where Fulk V was a king of Templar Jerusalem?

Again, Arduin of Ivrea is suspect from the Herods who re-built / renovated the Jerusalem temple, and hung plenty of gold upon it, so why not expect gold hidden within its walls / foundations? So this Arduin, or someone in his family circle, upon becoming the king of Italy, decided to get an army together to invade Jerusalem, and of course the vikings were all high-strung for an adventure filled with merciless killing and thieving. A Herod from his grave wouldn't have called for anything less. And the Arduin-line Herods can then trace to the heraldic heart, not at all about king Bruce wanting his heart buried in Jerusalem, next to Jesus as close as possible. Most people yet living don't tend to say to others, "When I die, promise that you'll cut my heart out and take it to Jerusalem."

The IVERYs not only share the green-on-white bend of Were's, but use the Biggar stars and Coat, apparently, a great way to trace Blacks to Ivrea even if they don't trace to "Nero." The red lion of the Ivery Crest then becomes suspect with the one in the Black Crest. As Vere's ruled Oxford for centuries, while IVERys were first found in Oxfordshire (where Leavells trace that were from Waleran), it may give the impression that Ivrea, and the YVERY of Waleran, were Vere liners. Sedans are in Varn colors, and, generally, for this part of the discussion, early Vere liners can be expected with the Varni Nordics as they evolved into Varangian Rus, always suspect with the formation of Rosicrucians. Therefore, Rozala is suspect from this Varni-Rus beast, just as a Nora would be expected to trace to Norwegians.

My pin-ball flappers are hot. Nothing's going down the gutter. Lights are going off with a machine-gun-like symphony of pin-ball-machine sounds. It just so happens that we are about to bump into Tosni elements, previously found in relationship with Normandy's Yvery. This bump takes place at the Tweed river flowing through Peebles, a location about 10-15 miles from Biggar of Lanarkshire. The Tweed flows to Berwick. The Teviot tributary of the Tweed seems to indicate that this was once the Tweed river. As Tweeds have been resolved to be Todini/Tosni liners, it traces Tosni's to Scotland, and to Berwick in particular, exactly where I've traced the Alice / Mackay / Percival bear. Now that we know how Percivals were from Waleran of Yvery, the Tute's/Tuits and related Thwaits get boinged hard to the Tweed, as expected earlier in the update. The ball got bumped so hard it lifted up and hit the Glass. And Mackays (merged with Levi-lion Kilpatricks) are the Quade's that bring Quadratus=Laevillus liners to Berwick. It's full-proof. Whatever named Laevillus was on the Tweed.

As SatterTHWAITS have been resolved to be Todini liners, look at the Kilpatrick-Crest description: "A hand holding a dagger diSTILLing drops of blood." The Stills were therefore looked up, to find only white-on-black roses, the only symbol of SatterThwaits. And these roses were found also with Louviers-suspect Lowers/Louers, while Louviers was a Tosni location. This is a major piece to the Templar puzzle as the Italians found merger with vikings. The only reason I can think of for a Tosni link to very-ancient Kilpatricks (were likely on the Nith since the 5th century) is in a merger with dagger-using Mackays (known to have formed an alliance with Nith-river Geddes), suspect from Maccus of the Isles, and yet Maccus was thought by some to have been from Rollo circles in Normandy, location of the Rollo-related Tosni's. Maccus lived about the time that Malahule-descended Tosni's appeared in history records. The Nitts/Naughts seem to be Nith-river liners with some certainty, and they are using the same checkered Shield as Fers/Ferrats. I don't know when the Nith was named, but it may have been a Cnut / Notting entity.

It may be hasty, but it looks like Tosni's of Normandy put forth the Sitric > Harald > Maccus line to Cheshire's Masseys. The Massey-Crest pegasus is linkable to the Master / RasMUSsen / Fur/Fewer unicorn, which may explain the "FuiMUS" motto term as a Fewer-Rasmussen merger, where RASmussens are Rozala-Masci liners. I fully expect Masci's at the Stura-Demonte. Note that French Masseys use the same crescents as Touts/Tute's, and that the "black tiger plate(e)" of Walerans can be code for plate-using MUSsel liners. Musters were just looked up to see whether they were listed with Masters, to find that Musters/Mousards use nothing by plates, the Mussel symbol. The write-up, in suggesting that Musters were Flemish, may indicate a Rozala-Arnulf line.

They saw that the real inventor of the God-killing theory of evolution was not from Charles Darwin, but from his kin, Erasmus Darwin, a member of a scientific community called, Lunar Society. They probably didn't give the real reason for that name, but I've read it had to do with late-night meetings that the group had. They were plotting technology for the human race, and of course they couched their work / aspirations as beneficial to all. However, the human heart never can achieve anything beneficial in the long run, as greed takes over. As "Erasmus" is a variation of the Rasmussens, while Res' are listed as Dere's and Ras' are listed as Dero's, what about "DARwin." I get it. Erasmus Darwin looks like a Rosicrucian liner from Rozala's family. Darwins/Derwents share a black Crest (camel head) with Sedans, and both were from Lancashire, though Sedans were first found in DURham.

Here's the Durhams looking like they use a version of the Weir/Vere Coat, a good reason to trace the Were river, at Durham, to Vere's and Were's together. Dure's were just loaded to find another symbol-less Coat using just the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's / Cluns, as well as a "Quid non" motto phrase likely for the Quade's/Quids in merger with Nagle liners. The Durham fesse is in the colors of the same of "non"-using Nagle's.

The Dure motto also has "pro patria," very traceable to the DEXARoi at AntiPATRIA because the Dure Crest is a short sword that may have been a DAGGER. The Swords can apply with Dure's where Mieszko liners were traced to Durham for the first time upon discovery that Sword-related Siward was of the Mieszko Poles. Likely, the Dure sword is that of Justine's, for both were first found in Perthshire, and then Siward (Sigurd) was traced exactly to Justine of Picenum along with Seagars. The Jarrow variation of Dure's, seemingly out of place with the other variations, may indicate Yaroslav, king of the Kiev Varangians. German Dure's: roses. You know, there is a good chance that Rozala was a Varangian-of-Kiev line, from Inger and Melissena. This Jarrow surname results in the first time that such an idea has occurred to me. As Yaroslav's father was VLADimir "the great," perhaps the Vlad-like terms in this update trace much to him. [After this update was publushed, I found a Jarrow location at the county of DURham.]

For a tough decision, ask whether French Dure's/Durets/D'Hure's/Hurette's/Hurels (Brittany) were D'Herods / Herods/Hurls. Could Herod liners from Arduin have formed the Dere / Dero / Dure surnames??? The Brittany Dure's (Shield filled with checks in the colors of the same of Warrens) are even said to be from counts of Brittany and Auvergne, the where Bautica and Waleran liners trace.

Mussels use the fesse in the colors of the same German Sauts, suspect with French Sauts/Scauts. The None's/Noons (Sedan motto), first found in the same place (Norfolk) as Tute's/Tuits, etc., share a saltire, in the Saut-fesse colors, with the saltire of Scaut-like Schutz's, and the latter trace with Skits and Skeets' (potent crosses) to the potent cross of Brocuffs, and to the "vireSCIT" motto of Broke's/Brocks, while Brocks and Brocuffs both use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's. As the latter were traced to the Salto river, it is very revealing that English Sauts, using a BROKEn chevron as code for the Broke's/Brocks, are listed as "Salt." This explains why Schutz's use a Shield "bearing a saltire." The Bearings/Beckerings share a Shield filled with red-and-gold checks with the Arms of Meulan and the Vaux's, both of the Waleran line that got to Leicester with the Montfort-related Beaumonts/Bellmonts. It just so happens that Sauts/Salts are traced to an Ivo while the Ivo surname is listed with IVERs.

As the potent cross was owned by Godfrey de Bouillon and used anciently in now-illegal (reserved) colors as the Templar flag of Jerusalem, one can begin to sense that Rozala is to work into this Alice-of-Saluzzo picture. Ivo's/Ivers, from Calvados, are traced to a L'OISE location, which, in this discussion, is expected to be of the Lois/Oise surname (Artois) now tracing to Luisa of Ceva. Her line with her daughter (Alice of Saluzzo) is anticipating a hard link to IVRea, right? Fortunately, everything is boinging in the right direction.

The Ivo's/Ivers, who are traced to DANES, happen to use roses, and share a black boar and fleur-de-lys with Bush's (same eagles as Salons/Salmons), from Busca, beside Saluzzo, kin of Bosco's found in the Rose write-up. You can't argue with all that. You can only boing Rozala over to the Rose's of Scotland, asking whether she goes to mythical-Melusine liners there, expected if she was descended from the historical Melissena. The Ivo/Iver fleur are in the colors of the same of German SAUts/Sauters, first found in the same place (Austria) as Furs/Fewers and SAUers/Sours, the latter said to be named after the Sau/Sava river (originates in Austria). This doesn't necessarily mean that Salt liners were purely Sava liners, but can indicate that some Salt liners in merger with Sava liners took on a SAU look. It would be roughly the same as the sour look on an Italian's face when listening to the bagpipes of a hairy-legged Scotsman in a dress. These things don't go together, but they did, and the resulting mutation was the Scottish Rite religion.

Yes, Saluzzo liners were on the Sava, for there is a SALviae location near the Sava in the land of Maezaei that smacks of Salluvi, the alternative name of the Salyes Ligures. "The Saluzzo article goes on to assure that Saluzzo was founded by Salluvi...who were from the Durance river." Just trace to the Turano and Salto rivers. In other words, some Salt liners were from the Salto, others from the Sava, indicating a commonality between the two rivers, same as Illyrians / Celts filling the northern half of Italy in due time. No, they were not from ice-men who wandered the north after the ice age. Sullivans share the black boar (counterchanged) with Ivo's/Ivers, which expects Sullivans at Ivrea. The Sullivan motto term, "lamh," was traced to Lamatis, down the Salviae road, and near Ad Ladios (shown on map), while Ladds use the Saut/Sauter fesse in colors reversed. It's not coincidental that while this was the Maezaei theater, the Meschins use the Ladd/Ladon Coat virtually, in colors reversed.

So, what we have is the Noons/None's/Nuns honored by the "sed"-using SEDans, and then the Noon Crest is the bull-head design of Seaton-related Says (Massey quarters in colors reversed), first found in the same place as Saltire's, the latter suspect especially with the saltire of Scutz's who share the gold-on-black Noon saltire. The Noon / Say bull-head design is used also by Tweeds, first found in Lancashire, where "sed"-using Blacks have traced. As we saw that Scutz's / Sauts/Salts link to Brocks and Brocuffs with the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's, ditto for Tweeds. Let's now go to January of this year, where Berenger of Todini was mentioned, though instead of pursuing a Tosni investigation at that time, I missed it, and stayed on Satter liners instead:

I rarely load the Toots as "Tute," but did so this time to find an Irish branch using the Tatton quarters in colors reversed. Irish Tute's took me by surprise, being traced to a THWAIT manor (Norfolk, same place as Thwaite's) and to Thuit location [Tosni by another name?] in Eure, and then Thwaite's are found in the Satterthwaite surname. Tute's are also traced to BERENger de TODINi, a Tatton liner, apparently. Of GREAT INTEREST here is that Thuit is in Les ANDELys, and if you read the fawn revelation [my unusual experience with a fawn that was resolved to be for a Sign], you would know that the ANTELope was a large part of that Derbe picture!!! The Derby Crest is an antelope!!!...

Thwaite's share red fleur-de-lys with Gellone's for a potential Gellone trace to Galatians at Tatta [near Derbe where the Bassus family had conquered]. SATTERthwaite's were first found in the same place (Lancashire) as Settels. If you look at the SATHERthwaite variation as it compares with Suthers [Schutz-colored Sauts are also Sauters/Sutters/Suters], see if you can see why the Satterthwaite's should be Aide / Suther liners. Suthers were first found in the same place (Suffolk) as Settel-related Flints, and while Flints just became suspect as a Valentin branch, so we find that Valentins and Suthers using the same-colored bend! It therefore appears that Satters/Sathers and Sutters/Sothers were just an er-version of "Settel," and therefore a branch of the Statielli...

At that time, I had investigated a slew of Ligurian tribes for the first time, one of which caught my eye being the Statielli. Wikipedia says almost nothing of this tribe: "The Statielli, Statiellates, or Statiellenses were a small Ligurian tribe which inhabited an area south of the river Padus (today the Po). Their chief town was Aquae Statiellae (Acqui Terme), on the road from Vada Sabatia, near Savona to Dertona (Tortona) and Placentia." They therefore lived on the beaches between Sava-suspect Savona and Genoa, and as Grimaldi's were at Genoa, I traced the Statielli to State's/Stathams (same place as Sale's), using lozenges in the colors of the Grimaldi lozengy, and sharing a greyhound in Crest with the Schutz Crest.

The January page went on to make further discovery:

The Statielli are said to have lived on the Tanaro, which is where Wikipedia places a branch of the Marici. The Tanaro is the location of Langhe, where I trace early Alans, and then another Ligurian tribe was named, Langates/Langensis, said to be "north of the Genuates", which is exactly toward Langhe. Moreover, the Statielli are north of Genoa too (between Genoa and the Tanaro). The Tanaro watershed is also the location of Fossano, what I trace to lake Fucino of the proto-Marici Marsi (near the sources of the Turano).

...the Commini Ligurians were found in the last update to be almost-certainly of the Common/Comyn surname because this surname shares the Coat of Aves'/Avisons that trace to Avezzano, smack at the source of the Turano!

We thus have a people group to which we can trace the namers of Comminges, at Toulouse. And they were Ligurians very suspect with the Laevi Ligurians, kin likely of Marici suspect with the Mark surnames that share checks on a fesse with Langhe-suspect LINKletters and Sauers/Sawyers, the latter first found in the same place as same-colored Seagars that use the moline (in colors reversed) of Segni's/Segurana's (Saluzzo Shield again), first found in Genoa. And the Genuates can be suspect with the Genusus river, location of Annas-suspect Arnissa. In this picture, Ligurians, also called, Ligyes, can trace to lake LYCHnidus, beside the Linkletter- and Lang-suspect Lyncestes (Langs use letters). The Licks/Lucks (Tweed theater) share lozenges (almost) and the greyhound head with State's. The Licks/Lucks use mascles in the colors of the giant Faux mascle, and that surname is the one tracing to Vaux's = the line of Waleran of Yvery.

The Scottish Licks/Locks, from Peebles-shire (northern end of the Tweed) have an engrailed Saltire in colors reversed from the Schutz saltire, while Schutz's share a black greyhound head with Licks/Lucks. It's a match, and Schutz's are now tracing to Ligurians, as expected, but from the Sadducee-suspect lake of Lychnidus. The Licks/Lucks even use a "non" motto term for linkage to the Noons//None's/Nuns (the ones with the same saltire as Schutz's). The Lick/Luck saltire (Levi / Joseph colors) is very linkable to the same of Blacks who trace to the Clausula river, origins of Caiaphas (I feel sure), and then the Lick/Luck Crest is the Joseph swan design. I still hold to the theory that Peebles traces to Pavia, founded by Marici and Laevi Ligures. It seems obvious that the checks-on-a-fesse of Marks and Linkletters, shared by Stewarts, traces the Dol Alans to the Langhe theater, as expected. The question is whether Langates were a fellow tribe of Alans along with the ones at Forum Allieni. I say, yes. The Langates are expected at Alauna (Manche).

On the founders of Turin: "In 218 BC, [Taurini] were attacked by Hannibal since his allies were the Insubres. The Taurini and the Insubres had a long-standing feud. Their chief town (Taurasia) was captured by Hannibal's forces after a three-day siege...The Taurini were the original ancient people of what is now present day Torino (Turin) (Celtic and Ligurian in origin (most likely from the Austrian Halstatt Celtic tribe from which all Celts descended) co-joining with the Ligurian tribes peacefully, hence they are more accurately described as Celto-Ligurian)." So, they could have had origin on the Sava.

Why are Sadducee suspects tracing to Cavii-like Sava while the Saluzzo of Templar ancestry was connected directly to Ceva??? The heraldic ostrich was suspect, on the one hand, with the German word for Austria, and this Luisa of Ceva, because she traces well to ostrich-using Lois', may have had Austrian-Sava blood. The Sarah/Sayer bend-with symbols is in the colors of the same of Salemans, and the "Bear and FORBear" motto of Sarah's suggests bear-using FORBES' (boing to Scotland again), who share the muzzled bear (in Lois-ostrich and Dolphin colors) with Alice's, suspect with Alice of Saluzzo. The "VINCit" motto term of Alice's traces to Vinkovci, down the Sava river, right? Yes, and the Keiths that share the Alice motto in reversed share a stag head in Crest with the Forbes Crest. The Alice Coat includes "a gold fir tree eradiCATEd surmounted by a sword in bend in base." "Surmounted" had traced to Mons of Hainaut. The Cate's/Cats, in Keith-Chief colors, are apparently code for the Keith Catti, and yet trace to the Chives cats because Luisa of Ceva is suspect with Chives'. The latter even share a moline with Cate's/Cats.

As Propers use the ostrich too, here's the Alice Crest: "A hawk's head erased proper." Hawks are not very common, but used by Hobs/Habs. Propers are said to be Robins, and Robins are said to be Roberts, and Rozala married a royal Robert. Robins (share the robin with Sullivans, no guff) happen to share the thistle with Alpins that in-turn use a version of the Alice Coat. It looks like Robins (Middlesex) trace to some Saluzzo merger with Robertians. French Robins (pheons) were first found in Brittany, where the pheon-suspect Feins lived. French Roberts: Burgundy, home of Rozala's family.

Long before Rozala came up in the last update, the Sauer lion was traced to Russells ("sara" motto term), and Russells use the Meschin scallops. This was not only the Ros-Meshech entity of prophecy, but the line through the killers of Christ. English Sauers/Sawyers (share white martlets with Saddocks / Chaddocks) were first found in the same place as Tute's/Tuits and Thwaite's. These guys never go away, all of a sudden. The Welsh Roberts (Biss colors), first found beside Cheshire, have a motto term like the "each" in the Biss description, and Biss' use the Russell / Meschin scallops too. The counterchanged symbol of Welsh Roberts traces to Artois' Hebrews.

I kid you not, that the last three paragraphs were inserted while the paragraph below was sitting as the resumption. Immediately after ending the paragraph above, Corders were loaded because I mistakenly recalled the counterchanged-suspect Condrusi as "Cordrusi." But while it was a mistake, the English Corders/Cowdreys happen to use the ten-billet Shield of Saltire's/Salters. Stroke of "luck"?

The lion of French Sauts/Scauts can now link to the Fitzalan lion, because Fiztalans of ARUNDEL were merged with the line from Alice of Saluzzo, and it just so happens that the Saltire's/Salters (Shropshire, home of Fitzalans of Clun), expected in the Schutz saltire, use plenty of multi-colored ROUNDELs. Step two: the black Arundel swallows are used by Swallows said to be from "Saulon." Step three: Swale's, sharing a fesse in the colors of the Dol / Non fesse, share a greyhound in Crest with Schutz's, but its more-closely linkable to the white one of Todini-line Tattons, who use the Topcliffe talbot, and Percys, a fundamental part of the Arundel line, were at Topcliffe. So, Saltire's are Sale/Sallet liners from Alice of Saluzzo. All heraldic saltire's should trace to her, unless the Masonic masters set aside another kind of saltire tracing to something else.

John Swale, we read, married ALICE, daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt. The Gaunt eagles are also the Salon eagles, and the Gaunt eagle was that of Arduin-related Doria's, but also of the Side's that should be a branch of Non-related Sedans, for Non's trace with Nagle's to Oneglia, where Doria's married Arduinici.

The new-found discovery is that Saluzzo's were part if Templarism, and are expected to furnish the Caiaphas liners (from Ceva elements) while Ivrea is expected to furnish Herod liners from Arduin, and then there is the question on whether "Annas" was to a line of ANScar of Ivrea, living shortly before Arduin. The Shutz variation of Schutz's was suspect with "Sadducee," but then I can't trace the surname purely to "Sadducee" without some explanation, because Schutz's are also looking like Saluzzo liners. Was there a Sadducee-line connection to Saluzzo? Is that why Saltire's/Salters use eight symbols around the border, as do Saddocks/Sedgewicks, Chaddocks and Chadwicks? Again, the latter three use so-called ESCUTcheons (used also by cheon-like Keens/Keans, kin of Keons), part-code for Schutz's. And Chads use the potent cross too.

Saltire's (and Corders/Cowdreys), by the way, use billets in the colors of the Watt billets. The Watt Chief looks like a version of the Anchor/Annacker Chief, which we may trace again to Agrigento with Carricks, repeated because the Gilberts in Carrick ancestry use a Hadock / Chaddock-like motto term. Corders (Abreu colors) are said to be from CorDRAY of Eure, where Dray-like Dreux is located (Dreux's show Drew-and-similar variations). The Watt Crest may therefore have the Abreu wings.

Again, the Eure's/Ivers use a version of the Hanan Coat while Annas was also "ANANias." And a version of this Coat is used thirdly by Malls/Mallibone's now tracing to the Malahule - Tosni line out of Eure. A fourth version (almost) of the same Coat, all four using the black bend of Sale's/Salletts and Salemans, are in the Schutz-suspect Bearings, first found in the same place (Nottinghamshire) as Annas'. If we had thought that the line of Rollo was Templar-important, Malahule's line may have been more central. The question is, when did the Todini line get to Rollo's family? Before Malahule? The latter's birth was before Hugh I of Calvacamp (Tosni ancestor).

Spanish Corders/CorDERO's are interesting for the Dero variation of Ros'/Rosals. Cordero's share a lamb on red Shield with Roe's/Rows (same place, yawn, as Tute's and company) who come up as "Rows." It looks like mass abortion was made legal by the Rozala bloodline. German Rows/Rau's/Rauers, who show no Ros-like variation, use only roses on a sinister bend reflecting the Gleason bend. As abortion-on-demand started after a court battle known as Roe versus WADE, by what coincidence do English Corders use the WATT billets. It had crossed my mind on several occasions that Roe v Wade was a pre-conceived plot, both sides using the courts to undermine abortion laws, where the Wade side plays the stupid hand and loses the case deliberately.

Here is the nucleus. We find a Hugh Massey in the Massey write-up. This latter Hugh married Nicholas BOLD (CODDingham), and Bolds were suggested recently (apart from Nicholas Bold in mind) as Bautica-river liners...because Bolds/Bolts are of the heraldic bird-bolt while Birds use the Bouillon (and Taddei) cross in colors reversed while Godfrey de Bouillon traces with Baldwins to the Bautica/BALTea river, home of Rozala, mother of Baldwin IV of Flanders. I've know for at least two years that Baldwin, first king of Templar Jerusalem, traced to the Bautica, but never did I know it like this, with fine details. Actually, Godfrey de Bouillon was the first king of Jerusalem, but he died instantly, while the champagne bottle was yet pouring over his head in celebration, and so his brother took over as the first king.

Repeat: "Dutch Felts are showing nothing but the flory Bouillon / Taddei cross in colors reversed." What do Birds and Felts have in common that they should use the same cross? I don't yet know, aside from their close links to Caiaphas and Annas. Birds trace, on the one hand, with their "Cruce" motto term, and with the Hips' martlets, to Creusa and Aeneas at the Hypsas river (Agrigento), and by their martlets and "mea" motto term to the Henrys (Meu river) and Alans of Brittany. As we just saw Corders and Watts tracing to Drago-suspect Dreux's, it's notable that the other Bird Coat has a fesse-with-symbols in the colors of the Watt / Anchor Chief-with-symbols. Birds are said to be of Cheshire's Broxton, and Broxtons/Brockstons have one mean-looking patee-fitchee cross in the colors of the fitchees of Carrick-related Shere's.

There is a Picot character in the Broxton write-up, and French Picots (Brittany) are using a large moline (like a flory cross) in the colors of the same of Cate's/Cats. Both Picot surnames are traced to Say elements (some at Moreton-Say of Shropshire). It seems clear enough that Birds lived with Brock liners, Stewart and Skit kin. Brox's are listed with Brocuffs having a version of the Templar-Jerusalem flag...owned by the Bouillons. Therefore, the Bird flory cross is suspect with the same-colored potent crosses of Brox's and counterchanged Skits / Skeets' (for the time being, counterchanged features trace to Artois, and suspect especially with Boulogne). Did Birds trace to Hips? Yes, many months ago. And the Hips' share the sphinx with Brox's. Bank on the Brocks and Brox's having the Clun Shield.

As per Coddingham in the Massey write-up (where the Bold family was), the Coddings (share same-style griffin with Bolds) not only share fretty lattice with Cotta's/Cottins, but share the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's (and Brox's), and were first found in the same place as fretty-using Thwaits (and Skeets'). These guys never go away, all of a sudden. As the Coddel Chief uses just one gold scallop in the colors of the one scallop of the Aurelia's, Coddings are tracing to Aurelia Cotta, mother of Julius Caesar. Some Cotta variations link likely to Cutters because the latter use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's in colors reversed.

The Carriers of Massa-Carrara

The entire Templar-ancestry (and probably Rosicrucian-ancestry) secret is before our eyes. If it was only about Rozala, I would be completely sorry and disappointed for all my troubles in seeking this thing for more than a decade, but, alas, it's about the killers of Christ. That's another reason why you can bank on this being, not my revelation, but His. If only He had picked me for my super spirituality. Alas, it was only for my birth blood.

Skeets' are said to have been concentrated in Norfolk. Behind their potent cross (always traces to Chads of early-Christian centuries) is the Shield of Spree's (Tout crescent), itself with a version of the Tatton Coat (Tout crescent, Tute/Tuit Shield), and so Skeets' trace to Tute elements of the Tatton kind, and in this we can glean a potent link to Bouillon-related Taddei's. Do you think that, when I began the dragon hunt in the ballpark of 2001-2, when my main emphasis was to discover the roots of Varangian Rus and Rosicrucians, and when determined not to allow Hebrew elements into my work, that it would come right down to my own Taddei and Masci bloodlines? What fat chance. I wouldn't have thought it in a million years. The Hebrew element was permitted in my thoughts and writings when it began to dawn that my mother, from Abruzzo, was from Hebrew liners. I wanted to know what sort they were. I was moving between my house in the south and the one in the north at the time, and, not wanting to ask my tenants in the north to leave, I rented with an employee (Portuguese) with an Abreu surname. That's when the Hebrew theme started to take hold. Touts were first found in Yorkshire, founded by Eburovices.

The Barone's/BARETs (EPAREDia?) and Browns play well into this because both were first found in Florence, where Taddei's were first found. Berone's (with an 'e') are said to be from a Yorkshire location, founded by Eburovices (intended echo). Berone's (hedgehogs) use a "tous" motto term while, zowie, Tous'/Tosi's/TOSINI's(!) (newly-found just now), using what looks like the Masculine / Meschin boy symbol, were first found in Tuscany's Pisa.

Zowie, the big story is that, by following logical lines, a Tosni-like surname came up after I failed to find one while trying at the start of this update. As the Normandy Tosni's were expected from Tuscany, there we have the Tosini's of Tuscany. Are Tosini's the same as Todini's? I don't know yet, but that's the expectation. And Pisa is where roughly the line of Malahule traced (to Malaspina's of Massa-Carrara). Boy-depicted Meschins / Masculine's descended from Malahule. They were kin of same-colored Boys and Peverels/Littleboys' (major topic 4th update of last month), the latter using three garbs in the colors and format of the Hedge swans (as per the Berone hedgehogs).

Irish Barone's: the Deise region, sharing the Desmond saltire (and showing annulets in the colors of the Vipont / Walker annulets). The Deise region is that of Muskerry, traced for years to Massa-Carrara. The Kerrys have been known to share the hourglass-like Shield of Skits (different colors), and Kerrys share the bee with Deise-related Deas'/Dease's...and Boys. You just witnessed a boing from Italy to southern Ireland. It's no wonder the Irish can be so emotional.

Some say that Peverels were Piperells too, and the Papers/Pepperwills can apply there too, because they use a chevron in the colors of the Tous/Tosini chevron. Plus, the Papers use CARnations in place of the Toni flowers. When the Nations/Nathans are checked out (as per carNATIONs), they were first found in the same place (Nottinghamshire) as Peverels. Nations/Nathans got suspect with Rothschilds and related Pettys, both traced to Pula (Pietas-Julia) in Istria, with the eight-pointed star of Rothschilds/Rothsteins acting as some evidence. But the Tous/Tosini Chief uses such stars.

Papers / Piperells got suspect as Este-related Pepins between Pavia and Peebles, and Pettys (the Peeble parrot) with Rothschilds trace to Peebles together, where Scottish Balds were first found. German Balds then share the hourglass-like Coat in the colors of the same of Skeets' and Spree's, two surnames that had worked their way to the Tosni bloodline. Then, as Pavia is on the Tessin/Ticino river, one can conclude that Tous'/Tosini's were Tessin liners, explaining why Pipers share a saltire-and-leaves with Tess'/Tecks/Tease's.

The Tous'/Tosini's are not said to use boys, however: "...There are three gold eight point stars above the chevron, and below a man's head and bust natural with a green wreath of laurel around his head wearing a red shirt with gold buttons." I recall reading this, but can't recall how the surname turned up. Buttons/Bidens trace to Botters of Lucca, beside the Tous'/Tosini's. Shirts (Cheshire) use red, and as the Tosini man is "WEARING" a red shirt, lookie: Wearings (red dragon) were first found in Devon, where Peverel-Revere lines ruled, and the Wearing checks (same colors as Warren / Ward checks) are on a bend, as with the same checks of Pope's/Pape's! One can now add that the bull theme of buttons is shared by Popps/Poppers, and, besides, the bull theme goes to Boso and Rozala, who ruled Tuscany, and became suspect with Botters.

German Pape's/Pappenburgs (ragully), with a Quade look to them, use the HULL (Yorkshire) and Hall talbots (in colors reversed), and were traced to MalaHULE, for the Pappenburgs are said to own "kettle hats," the German phrase for vair fur, and Kettle's are suspect with AnsCHETIL, Malahule's grandson. It works excellently to identify Peverels / Pepperels with Tosni's. Poppo I of Bamberg was a Pappenburg-like Babenberg, and the triple chevrons of Babenbergs became suspect with the Thomson version of the Great-Seal's escutcheon.

There is a Monte Pepe on Massa (shares the mace with Maceys), and Pepe's get the Irish Peppards (Louth) with "VirTUTE" motto term. Instead if a white crescent on a red canton of Touts/Tute's, Pepe's/Peppards use a white cinquefoil on a red canton, likely the Leicester cinquefoil. I haven;t known the Pepe's/Peppards until now, after linking the courant Swale greyhound to the Tatton greyhound, and here the Swale greyhound is in the Pepe/Peppard Crest. The red Pepe martlets thus become suspect with those of the Taddei-suspect Birds.

The Pepe Crest: "A greyhound courant PROPER, in front of three ostrich feathers silver and blue." The courant-suspect Correns/Courrans (using the Cecil escutcheons) are the ones sharing the green parrot with the Peeble's surname, and as we saw that Peebles elements linked to Rothschilds, note that the three ostrich feathers of Pepe's/Peppards are in colors reversed from the three in this Arms of Rothschild. The Arms has a scallop on a central red escutcheon in the colors of the Pepe cinquefoil. It's in the colors of the Apps/Abbs scallops, a surname suspect with Eppsteins sharing the Babenberg chevrons.

The Correns are from Deise, as are the Irish Barone's using the DESmond saltire, and it's a red one, like that one in the Arms of Massa, an important point for poinging "Muskerry" to "Massa-Carrara." As Correns are suspect with the Core variation of Corks (because Corks are probably using the tails of the Cecil lions), English CORders should be brought back to topic because Spanish CorDERA's looked like a Dero line, suggesting that Corders were partly Core liners. The gold billets of Corders, suspect with the Caepio treasure, are in the colors of the Gore/Core Coat. As the Gore/Core crosslets are those of Windsors (saltire in colors reversed from the same of Desmonds/Gerards), it's probably not coincidental that Corders were first found in the same place (Berkshire) as Windsor castle. This has the effect of tracing Dero's/Rosals to Windsors. Gore's were identified recently with Gords (Tweed river), supposed from PeriGORD, a city near Toulouse (origin of the Caepio gold and silver bars) that was traced to Imperia = Oneglia, origin of Nagle's. It just so happens that Pepe's/Peppards are traced to Gilbert de Angulo while Angulo's are in the Nagle write-up! As Arduinici were in Oneglia, note that Gilbert received titles from king Henry II, a Rodez / Roussillon = Herod suspect. Gilberts 's son received ARDbraccan and NAVAN, like the Nevin variation of Nagle-beloved Nons. A later Pepe from the same line founded an abbey in ARDIE.

Nagle write-up traces to Gilbert d'Angula in Cork. Yes, it does, but I didn't know it until after the paragraph above was written (a good reason for trusting at least some of how I read heraldry). Nagle's share "sed" with Sedans. The "gale / gel" endings of some Nagle variations may indicate TintaGEL, where Gale's trace with Tints, and where Luisa of Ceva has been traced, namely to mythical GORlois, who was resolved to be a Gore/Core line for very good reasons. And there we have it. The Pepe description uses "proper" probably for a Pepe trace to the Lois ostrich. But as the Proper lion is the Robert lion, it expects a connection with Robert, the other husband of Rozala.

However, while Corders are suspect with Cor-Dero liners on the one hand, their CorDRAY variation was suspect with Dreux in Eure, where Corders were from. I don't necessarily view such contradictions as such. Sometimes both can be right. The Drays are interesting for being connectable to Dragons/DRAYners, obvious kin of Mynetts and Pendragons, and Uther Pendragon, code for Others>Windsors from Lombardy (the Arduin / Rozala domain), conceived king Arthur in Tintagel (with Gorlois' wife). We now understand the bulk of true players in this mythical birth. The CorDRAYS have just worked excellently into that birth.

Pepe's/Peppards were of a Drogheda area of Louth, in Leinster. It just so happens that Leinsters are listed with Leicesters, which can explain the Leicester cinquefoil in the Pepe CANTON. Drays/Dree's were first found in Burgundy (home of Rozala), and use five ducks while Dreux-suspect Drake's are said to be derived from gait of a duck (must be code, not reality). Drains/DRAYe's share the three stars in Chief with Washingtons (Canton-Coat version), and are traced to a "drone" bee theme, but isn't this garbage that, in reality, goes to the bee of Boys (Tweed theater), and therefore to the Peverels / Meschins? I neglected to mention earlier, while on bees and Boys, that while the Boy bees are in the colors of the Boso bull, the Italian Boys, perhaps sharing the Dere/Res stars in Chief, use another bull (Boso's Turin elements, right?). The bee-line from Dease / Deas elements should also concern the Desmond motto, "Crom ABOO," suggesting a Boy entity from the Crema theater such as the Bo / Bou variations of Italian Boys, first found in the 11th century with a Gerard fella (surname variation of Windsors) de CORviago, in Reggio-Emilia, beside Parma, where Mele's/Meleguli's were first found whom are highly suspect with Tosni's of Italy. The Peverel line was in Devon, where Monks were first found that should connect to the Desmond monkey, in the black color of the Crom cat. Monks got suspect with Monaco, near Imperia.

Next, we go to Draguignan, in Provence, land of Guerin, suspect with dragon-using Guerra's likely from Guido Guerra III. The Guido's (counterchanged) are using the Spree / Skeets Shield, I assume, and thus likely had links to Tous'/Tosini's, the ones with a "wearing" code for Warren-related Wearings. That works (because Warrens are suspect with "Guerin." While Guerin of Provence was thought by some to be the son of William de Gellone, the Gellone's share fleur-de-lys in the red on gold of the Pepe/Peppard fleur, making the latter's Drogheda location suspect with Draguignan's namers.

Ultimately, Dragons/Drayners and DRAINs have traced to proto-Pendragons at the Penestae peoples of the DRIN river, a peoples whom trace very well to the Penes/Penny surname using more courant greyhounds, this time two of them in pale half in the colors of the two Levi lions in pale, and half in the colors of the Todd foxes, the Fiddle wolves, etc. As Fiddle's were from Vis-de-Loop, while Loops had linked to a Tosni element earlier in this update, note that Loops use a white greyhound in the courant position, this very symbol being (likewise in white) in the Pepe/Peppard Crest! That Pepe trace to the Drin is all complicated and lengthy, but no small clincher. To this picture, add the trace of the Tessin's Laevi to Lupus Laevillus.

At first, I traced the ancestry of Pepin of Landen to queen Bebba of the Scottish Bebbanburgs. There was more reason to this than the fact that Bebba was at Bamburgh castle (Scotland) while Poppo I was at Bamberg. Germany. Afterward, it looked more like Pepin's wife (Ida of Metz) traced to Bebba. In any case, Bebba had married Saxons to the Aethelings, while Sitric married a daughter of ATHELstan. Sitric was from Ireland, but more specifically, I traced him (last August and September) to the Setantii Britons (Sedan surname?) who lived between Louth and Lancashire. The Louth surname uses an upright black wolf in the colors of the upright lion of Seaton-related Sutys, while the passant Side/Sudy/Sider lion is expected to be the Levi lion.

The trace above of Pepe's/Peppards to Nagle's can explain why the double Pepe fesse bars are in the blue color of the Nagle fesse bar. But, the suspicion is, these Oneglia-liner Pepe's were also in Monte Pepe of Massa-Carrara, a good reason to start tracing Rozala and/or Arduin of Ivrea to things in Massa-Carrara. There was found an ancient Luni location at Massa-Carrara that was traced to Luneburg, a German region that paired with Brunswick, but the latter was traced to "Bryneich," the land of Bebba's Bernicians around the Tosni-suspect Tweed river. I didn't, at that time, know that the Tweed was a Tosni element, but I did trace Brunswicks to Bruno's (i.e. same place as Taddei's, though no links were evident), and later found the Barone liners from the same place, but not until this update were Berone's realized as Tous/Tosini kin. Even if I had loaded the "tous" term of the Berone motto, and seen the Tosini variation, little would have been thought of it because Tosni's were never a concern...until now.

AND NOW WHAT MORE? The Spanish Luna crescent is in the Tout/Tout canton! Plus, as it was found that the unusual Luna Coat (Chief on the bottom of the Shield) is used normally by German Lamberts (whose ducks in Chief?), while the other Lamberts were identified with Mieszko II Lambert, it makes a lot of sense that the wheel symbol in the Arms of Carrara is the reason for "Piast the Wheelwright. That is, there must have been a Pisa-Carrara merger in forming the Mieszko Poles. It's known that the dukes of Masovia (Poland), which included the Mieszko's, used a red-on-white wyvern, the Drake symbol, and as this Drake entity was just found with Pepe's/Peppards, suspect from a Pepe location in Masovia-like Massa, by what coincidence was there a mythical Popiel at the Goplo mouse tower, whom was defeated by Piast the Wheelwright??? I get it.

Now, recall Skogal Tosti, mythical father of Swietoslawa, and link him to Mieszko I, her real father, and ask why Mieszko would be defined by a Tosti term? Also, as Tosti was a Swede, traceable to the Swiss, by what coincidence does the Tessin river start in Switzerland? It looks like

Both German and English Lamberts (compare with Tweed-suspect Sweets) are in the colors of the five Dray/Dree ducks (not to mention the Piast eagle), the ones suspect with the Drake duck theme. I get it. English Lamberts are sharing the white-on-red lamb (no banner in either) of Spanish Cordera's, suggesting that Spanish Cordera's linked to Spanish Luna's, and both to the Mieszko's. The Swietoslawa-related Tosti's/Toasts may be of the Tosatti variation of Tous'/Tosini's.

So, the Pepinid-suspect Tosni's are now expected in and out of Luni, now called, Lunigiana, at a MAGRa river. Asking whether Majors/Magors (greyhound) might apply at that river, the Spanish Major(domo)s happen to share a Shield filled with black-and-white checks with the Popiel-like Pepoli's! Zowie, while Pepoli's were suspect with mythical Popiel in the past, a trace of this poing-pressure was not known until now. Let's not forget the checks on the throne of Tedald(us). French Majors: Provence.

The Pape and Wearing checks are, I think, Tedaldus-important. Both the blue-and-gold Pape and Wearing checks are on a bend, as are the blue-and-white checks used by the dukes of Massa-Carrara. Wearings are said to be from "Guerin." Recalling that his throne was painted in checks, let's show the checks of Massa-Carrara's rulers. These are the check colors filling the Shield of the Tuscany Fulks (and Massi's), and so the black eagle in the Fulk Chief is also the eagle in the Chief of the Arms above, which explains the black wings of German Fulks as a variation of the White Masci wing, the latter's eagle wings in the colors of the Piast eagle. POPELeys appear to be substituting black eagles for the Bessin / Biston bees. As Wikipedia's article on Dagome = Mieszko I has/had a reference tracing his ancestry to Sardinia, home of a Visconti branch, it's notable that there is a Massino-Visconti region in Italy's Piedmont. Then, the Pisa lion, counterchanged like the Freie lion, can also be the Massin/Mason lion in the alliance that I say created "Freemason." As Rosicrucians were somehow related to Freemasons, note what look like roses in the Arms of the Duchy of Massa-Carrara.

The Masci link to Mieszko Piasts is undeniable, but probably goes back to the Bistue locations in the proto-Croatian land of the Maezaei. Croatia today uses checks in red and white, the colors that appear to be on the throne of Tedaldus.

Here's from the duchy article: "The core of this [Massa-Carrara] territory was formed on 22 February 1473 when Iacopo Malaspina, Marquis of Massa, purchased the Lordship of Carrara (villages of Carrara, Moneta and Avenza)." At the sight of "AVENza, the Avon location of early Pembroke's came to mind because Mazzo's/Mazzone's (roses) use a version of the Pembroke bend with dragon. Mazzo's (same bend as Bessins / Bistons / Popleys) were first found in the same place (Reggio-Emilia), almost, as Mele's/Meleguli's, tending to assure what's evident from other considerations, that the Malaspina purchasers of Carrara were descendants of the Malahule>Tosni and/or the Malahule-Meschin line(s). As the latter line included BALSO D'Espaines, the BLASco Mazza (13th century) in the Mazzo write-up seems logical. Of some interest, the Avens surname uses a large lion in the colors of the Paper/Pepperwell/Papwell lion heads. The latter are the ones with CARnations. The Carys use a passant lion in the colors of the upright Aven lion, as well as what could be a spear-using version of the Mieske arm. Note the rose colors of English Carys, and, in the write-up, a Mr. Lovell, owner of Cary castle, that being a Leavell variation. Roses in the Cary-rose colors are used by Leavell-suspect Lowers/Louers (suspect with Louviers, home of Tosni's) of St. Tudy. As the English-Cary Crest is the white swan of the German-Plate Crest, English Plate's (Pilote colors) can be using a version of the Lower Coat.

As Maceys are in parts of the SION/Swan Coat, the Hedge swans can apply there. Todds are using foxes in the colors of the Fox/SIONnach fox and Fox wolf. I'm not yet sure how to interpret Hedge's, but they may link to the Leicester/Lester Crest. Another Coat that's in the colors and format of the Todds is that of HOUNDSacre's, suspect in the greyhound symbol. Variations of the Houndsacre's are like the Annacker of Anchors while Greys (same lion as Wallace's) use the anchor theme. That's why Houndsacre's (red rooks), who come up as "Hund," are especially pegged as per the greyhound code.

As Anchors have been traced with Hips' to the Hypsas river, it's notable that the Hips martlets include one in the colors of the red Hund rooks. But red martlets appear also in the Coat of greyhound-using Pepe's/Peppards. And while the latter traced to Dragon liners, so the Hypsas was also the Drago river. It's as though Pepe's are linking five or six Dragon-like surnames to one another. The Pepe martlets are in the colors of the Pepe fleur, both on blue fesse bars, and the fleur (their colors) are suspect with Gellone (count of Toulouse), supposed ancestry of Guerin of Provence, location of Draguignan. Hips' were first found, yawn, in the same place as Tute's.

Sions/Swans use falconer's gloves, while the Falcon(te) / Conte crescents, in the white of the Tute / Luna crescent, are in both colors of the Valois/Valour crescents. The Chads are using a split Shield suspect with that in the Arms of Sion. But as Chads also share the potent cross of Skits/Scythe's, let's introduce the scythes of the Peppers, first found in Leicestershire, where the Pepe/Peppard cinquefoil is expected. We are now on the Bus / Hamelton line of Nahorites, from the land of scythes-like Scythians (Ukraine). Skits/Scythe's are said to be from Ayrshire's MAUCHLINE location. Masculine-branch Meshech?

There is a Mauch surname with a sleeping moon (illegal colors suspect with Templar Jerusalem) that has been routinely traced to the sleeping-moon cult of Carians (see Endymion). These peoples have always been expected at the naming of Carrara. For indication that Masci's and Massena's evolved Macc-like variations, compare their sinister bends with that of Tweed-theater Machs. German Machs/Machule's use another sleeping moon at the base of the Shield, and were first found in the same place (Silesia) as sleeping-moon Karens/Kerns (like "Carian"). But why was there a Masci-line Mauchline location in Ayrshire? We could ask the saltire in the Arms of Ayrshire, identical to the saltire that is the Arms of Massa. Or, we could ask the Mackie's/Mackeys (share the arrow with Machs/Machule's), first found in Ayrshire, and expected to be of the mace-using Maceys...from the mace in the Arms of Massa, right? Massa-Carrara, poinging and boinging to Scotland, in the land of CARRicks. Does this identify Caracalla as a Carian? The Carrots/Carews (Carrick) colors are not only sharing the "bien" motto term of Carricks, but show three lions on pale in the black color of the Levi / Feltwell lions in pale, and all three in the colors of the triple Levi chevrons. The Feltwells were from the write-up of Malapsina-suspect Spine's!

The horizontally-split Shield of Mauchs (Massey-quarter colors) is in colors reversed from the same of Italian Luna's (Massa-Carrara eagle) and Popoli's (Naples), and this Luna surname likewise has white-on-red crescents, the colors of the Tout/Tute / Tatton crescents. See the colors of the Italian Pino crescents, asking what the Pino's trace to at Massa-Carrara?

Piperells use pineapples, as do Pine's (Devon, same as Piperells) who in-turn have a chevron in Pepper-chevron colors, both colors reversed from the Piperell chevron. French Pine's (Spanish Pinto crescents, I figure) are also "LeSPINAssa," apparently revealing Pine's as Malaspina liners. But Maschi's use pine cone's, part code for the Cone's sharing antlers with Conte's, and antlers are tracing to Tosni's of Les Andelys.

The d'Espaines surname in the Malahule line seems certainly to be of Hugh de Payens, as per the "Malo mori" motto phrase of Payne's/Paine's. The Paiont variation of Payens can thus be of the Pinto variations of Italian Pino's, first found in Salerno, at the PICENti mountains, where "Pagan" can trace. The Pike's/Pickens happen to use a saltire in colors reversed from the one that's the Arms of Massa. As we just saw this Arms tracing to the Arms of Ayrshire, so the Pike's/Pickens were first found in Ayrshire. That was the land of Shawia Numidians, kin to the Massena Numidians, and then there were the GETuli Numidians suspect with the Geta-surname line to pike-using Geddes.

As the Valois'/VALOURs (same chevron as Papers) were mentioned at least twice over the years in linking to Toothills, let's show the whole Pepe/Peppard motto: "VirTUTE et VALORE." And what do you know, the two surnames both use running greyhounds, though not quite in the same design. The Valais variation may suggest Valais/Wallis canton, location of Sion. And I've just made a major discovery: Glass' were a branch of Valais/Wallis, in which case this Swiss canton will trace to the Clausula river.

Here's how it works. The French Valet surname (Wallis colors) shares the Valois/Valais/Valour greyhound exactly, and even uses a "valor" motto term. I hadn't yet realized the Glass connection at this point, nor realized that Jewish Glass', in using white-on-red wings, should be using the wings of the white-on-red falcon of the Valets above. It was only when clicking to the English Valets, and seeing their Gleason bend with stars, that "Valais" was viewed as a variation of "Glass" (same as Guilliam versus William). That explains why Scottish Glass' use MeluSINE, while Sions are listed with Sine's. Plus, no guff, houseofnames went and changed the gauntlet gloves of Sions/Sines to FALCONers gloves, a huge help for this paragraph. This explains how Walsers (Melusine) can show as WALTz's, and they share the axe with Walts/Waldeckers (Baden) and Badens/Battins. Note the places to which mainline Valets branched, including Perigord and Auvergne.

More. The BALTea river, because it traces to the upright ram of Bauts, first found in Auvergne, can link to the upright goat of Walsers/Waltz's! I had reported years ago that Bauts use a goat, not a ram. It means that the namers of Valais were on the Bautica, which evokes the Priory of Sion that many ascribed to Godfrey de Bouillon, until reports circulated to say that the Priory was a hoax. Perhaps the reports are the hoaxes. German Walters use Zionist stars in the illegal colors of the Templar flag of Jerusalem, and these stars are on a fesse in Dol-fesse colors while the Dol Alans (find of the Wallace family) came to use "Walter." The Jewish Glass(man)' wing (hourglass design between them) has a fesse in colors reversed. Compare "Flaad" with "Valet." See the Zionist star of Vlads. This trace of Dols to Valais can explain why the Dol Alans ended up at GLASgow, a Wallis/Valais liner. The Wallace lion is upright and in the colors of the upright Fortune dog while Lady Fortune is in the Klassen/Clas Coat. Ladys/LAUDYmans are linkable to Lords/Lauds in the Glasgow-surname motto! Perhaps the Felds apply to these Glass liners too.

As difficult as it sounds to trace Melusine from Sion to Avalon to Anjou, the above has all the markings to verify it. Not only were Glass' first found in Buteshire, but Falcons can be of the Anjou Fulks. Then, the swan is in use by Wallis-suspect Walch's/Welsh's. There is also the question of Walloon's namers in Flanders, where Eburones settled). Plus, as Plancia Magna (Tertullus family) was shown to be a line through Fulk ancestry in Tertullus, note that "magna"-using Walkers (where Eburovices settled) use annulets in the colors of the same of Ladys/Laudymans. Then, the Plunkett surname uses the same bend colors as Gleasons. This tends to prove that Walkers were Wallis-canton liners. And the Walker annulets are shared by Viponts/VESponts suspect with an Issa-Melita alliance. "TERTULLus" is thus discovered more-certainly with the Turtle variation of Tuttle's/TOOThills (Falcon crescents) because they can be gleaned with a version of the Valois/Valais Coat (Falcon crescents again). I've always had trouble locating Valois, but I read recently of it's location in Brittany, where Plunketts were first found. Nicholas de Vere's claim that Melusine evolved from Avalon to Anjou tends to trace Wallis/Valais elements first to Scotland,m and then, after passing through Anjou, they got mixed up with Boulogne / Bouillon / Bautica circles. The Valois/Valais Coat has the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Saluzzo's in colors reversed, and a Chief filled with roses. This was the Templar-Rosicrucian guts, wasn't it?

As Sion was renamed, Sitten, it speaks to Flemings of the Seaton/Sitten kind having arrived there, and while Seatons are from Say (Normandy and Shropshire), the Say Shield is in use in the Wallon/Vallon Coat (like the Wallonia home of Walloons). The latter, first found in Burgundy, use the motto of Paine's, "Malo mori quam foedari." The Say location of Shropshire is Moreton-Say while Walch's honor the Mortons in their motto. A Malahule link to Sion makes sense where his nephew, Rollo, married Poppa of Valois, but Poppa is now suspect from the Pepinids under discussion, popping up with Malahule suspects in Massa-Carrara / Luni, a good reason to link the white Luna / Tout crescent to the white Falcon crescent. Recall Berenger of Todini in the Tute write-up, for Poppa's father has been said to be Berenger of the Bessin. The Falconte variation may have developed as a Valais-Conte entity, not forgetting that Conte's (antlers = Les Andelys = Tosni) come up as Counters suspect with Condrusi of the Walloon theater. Whatever the Condrusi were named after, there is good reason to seek them as Hebrew Celts / Gauls in Languedoc.

The English Falcon Coat (Cumberland is a version of the Turtle/Tuttle/Toothill Coat. Not far below, it will be found to be a version of the Berenice / Burn Coat (both from Cumberland) when the Natural surname (Cumberland and Burgundy) is introduced as per the "natural" term in the Tous/Tosini description. As Naturals just caused a peek at the Nader surnames, while some Nader variations (e.g. Noellers, from Silesia) suggest Noels, look at how the French Noels are using a version of the Valais/Valois Coat! As Naders have "Nadle" and similar variations, the Rothschild-Petty-Needle merger comes back to mind, for the first Rothschild named his first son, Nathan. Jewish Naders use rocks (Rockefellers, right?), and a sinister-facing lion, while Jewish Rothchilds (no 's') use sinister features too. It can't be coincidental that while Naders have "AVE" written on their fesse, Ave's are listed with Avis'/Avisons sharing the Comyn garbs while Falcons are Conte kin while Conte's were the Contevilles of Comines (Condrusi theater).

As Tosini's and Pepinids together are expected from Pavia, let's also introduce Paviers/Pavers, with checks in Chief in the colors of the Meulan checks. However, I can't recall how well or not-so-well Pavers traced to Pavia. Another surname using the same checks in Chief are Irish Flemings. This would be the place to repeat that multiple Mark surnames, expected from the Marici co-founders of Pavia, use checks. The Languedoc Marks have checks in the colors of the Massa-Carrara checks. German Marks use "FortiTUDINE et fideliTATE," and show the Shakespeare spear used also in the Crest of the Norfolk Fulke's, while the Mark checks are also those of the Tuscany Fulks. The Shakespeare bend is colors reversed to the same of Slane's, expected from the Slane castle of Irish Flemings. As Tedaldus' throne has red-and-white checks, as best as I can make them out, that's the colors of the checks of rose-using Jewish Marks/Marx's. If Marici were at Massa-Carrara, why not Laevi liners?

The bent-necked eagle of German Marks was once showing (in both colors) in the Chief of Massi's/Mattis', wherefore the Mark eagle is that of the Italian Fulks with certainty. The red, covered crown in the German-mark Coat was once the symbol showing for Fulk-suspect Spanish Capets. Capets are expected in the "Capta majora" motto of Geddes, and the latter are still being traced tentatively to Geta, the north-African ancestry of Caracalla. Was Caracalla from the Carians, who had a Maso Sea Peoples? Majors just traced well to the Magra river of Luni, and Luni traces to the moon goddess of Caria, right?

Let's recall the Avons'/Avens', for they use a lion connectable to the Gate lion. Both lions use the round tail-design, and are in the same colors. The Avons came to topic when Malaspina's were said to have purchased Carrara, including Avenza. The Drake's are the ones tracing their surname to sheldrake ducks, but they use the code, GAIT of a duck, and Gaits are listed with Gate's. The ancestry of Guerin de Provence was traced to the Aures land of Shawia, and Aures got suspect with AYRshire, for the Arms of Ayrshire uses a "shaw" motto term. Therefore, Guerin is suspect from the Geta line to Caracalla, and his name, said to be a nickname (but I think it was hint of his roots) can thus trace to Carians of Carrara. I did trace "Caracalla" to fish-using Saraka's, but Geddes use the pike fish.

Of interest is whether Sailers, using a version of the Seal Coat, can trace to "Salerno," for Picots ("Tout") were just looked up, checking for links to Picenti-suspect Pickens/Pike's, and there was the white wolf head of Seals in the Picot Crest. French Picots even use a cross in the colors of the Picken saltire. Both Picots surnames are said to be from Say (Normandy), and Sailers are also SAYlors. The Sees' use a fish too, and Sees is beside Say. Another thing coming to mind is that while Naples (Poseidon settlement = Pisidians = namers of Pisa) is to the near-north of Salerno and the Picenti mountains, the Naples-like Neville's use a saltire in half the colors of the Picken saltire. And Naples-like Nobels ("fortiTUDINE) share the flaunch with Sees'.

As Rozala married the Capetians of France, and as the Tosni's are tracing well to Luna, it's a wonder on whether she was a Geta liner. The Arms of Peebles use fish in the gold-on-red colors of the Geddes fish, and an "InCREMEntum" motto term that can, in this picture, trace to Crema, where the Black Coat is now tracing. Tout-suspect French Masseys share a red Chief with Crema and Blacks, and Blacks have traced to the Nith-river Kilpatricks, where the so-called Geds = proto-Geddes lived. It's known that Geds merged with Mackays of the far north of Scotland, and then the "make" motto term of Kilpatricks is for Maccus liners, apparently to the Maxwells and Mackays in particular. The "sure" motto term of Kilpatricks has been traced to Carrick kin, assuring that Kilpatricks linked to Adam Kilconquhar. And Carricks have traced to Lombardy, as well as to Geta (ancestry of Caracalla's father).

There is a Gettel surname, and in spite of being listed with Gartzen-and-similar variations, it can yet trace as Getuli Numidians to the Geds: "A silver shield with three blue birds beaked and membered red, each WEARING a gold crown and holding a gold annulet in their dexter paw." Since when do bird use paws? But Kilpatricks on the Nith use a dexter paw too. And Wearings (said to be from "Guerin") use "A dragon charged with a circle of gold on each wing." Can a circle of gold be a gold annulet but put into different terms for a surname reason? There is a Circle surname listed with Kirchners, first found in the same place (Silesia) as sleeping-moon Carians. Both the Gettel and Wearing descriptions use "each," and the Each/Auger surname happens to share an upright lion (same colors) with Avens' and Gate's. "MemBERED" can be a double code, one for Breds having a lion in half the colors of the Gate lion, and first found in Lothian, same as Gate-suspect Seatons. Meme's are listed with Pepin-beloved Mens'/Mengzes.

Aside from "Mens" and "est," I've not been able to crack some Pepin motto terms. I wonder whether the motto was not wholly codework due to a need for making it jibe with the English translation, "As the mind of EACH, so is the man." The Este location in the Pepin motto is off the Adige, right? And then the Minds (bees), I've just discovered, use the colors and format of Piperells/Pepperells. The Minds/Mynds/Munds were traced to "AMYNTes," whose Galatian family lived smack in the land of PAPHlagonians, suspect from Apophis/APEPi, a Hyksos (= Hebrew) king. As Kennedys trace to Paphlagonian Heneti, it should explain why Scottish Kennedys share the Mind chevron, colors and and format, while Irish Kennedys/Minaghs share three white-on-black helmets with Amyntes-like Mynetts/Minute's.

A further argument is that Amyntes' father. BROGitarus, traces to the sphinx-using Brocuffs because Mynetts use co-called "OPEN" helmets while Openheims use another sphinx. I've never noticed the Minagh variation of Kennedys (TIPPERary), causing me to check Minks (Mind branch?) just now to find a dancette, the Openheim symbol too. As PENdragons use an open helmet too, OPENheims got suspect as Heim(er)s merged with Pendragons...first found in the same place as Tippers using dolphins in colors reversed from the DOLfine dolphins. President Kennedy was a Brogitarus > Amyntes liner, wasn't he? How many other presidents?

As Scottish Kennedys use an "Avise" motto term for Avis', it's not coincidental that Scottish Kennedys share the dolphin while the Tipper Crest is a version of the Avis-crest anchor. The Anchors/Annackers had traced to Ancore, in eastern Mysia i.e. beside the land of Paphlagonians. But there is the Ankara location to the east of Ancore, that is off the Sakarya river i.e. where Brogitarus had his religious cult.

It is now necessary for DolFINE's to trace with Feins/Fane's/Vans and Fine's/Feins/Finis' to Finistere (all Heneti > Veneti liners, right?). This update is not the first time that pheons got suspect with Feins. The Dolfine dolphins are in the colors of the Pilate pheons, but pheons are used also by Tipps' suspect in the "Tiepsum" motto term of Pendragons. King Arthur was a Heneti > Veneti liner, right? Arthur's wife, GUINEvere, can trace to Gwenea, another name for Brittany's Vannes, home of the Celtic Veneti, but there is more, fir while the French GUINE's (Pilotte / Pellet colors) are said to have been first found in Bourbonnais, it also says that this are grew to incorporate Forez, and then the Forez mountains on my atlas are at the north-west side of mont Pilat. It's interesting that while Bourbonnais is at France's Cher region, Char(d)s use a partridge, ancient symbol of mythical Perdix, while one of the Pilat peaks is, Perdrix.

Note the BARBANa term near the mouth of the Mathis, for while mathis' were first found in Burgundy, BOURBONnais is/was a part of Buyrgundy.

At the southern end of the Forez range, it's very close to Firminy, the elements of which are expected in the "Firmum" motto term of Dolfine's. To the near south of Firminy, I have just noted, is MontFAUCON, like the Faucon variation of Falcons in Dolfine-dolphin colors and format. Without checking, this area was probably a part of Dauphine. The Loire river flows through this area, while Lowrys/Glorys and Laurie's share the cup with Pilotte's and Pellets. That works, and there is a "glory" at the top of the unfinished pyramid.

The Stevens, using falcons, are in Etienne colors, while "Etienne" is the French "Steven." Stevens use a perchevron in the colors of the same of Chappes', which traces the latter to MontFaucon and neighboring St. Etienne. Beside Hertford, where spread-eagle Chills/Childs were first found, there is a Stevenage location, and it's the Capes' theater, while Capes' use three scallops in the colors and positioning of the three Chill/Child eagles. As the latter have proven to be from Childeric and BASINa, by what coincidence do BESANcons/Bassets share the Etienne billets in the same colors while being first found at Forez? Therefore, Basina traces to Bassets ("Pro rege et populo" motto might indicate Pepinids of the Popiel kind at Reggio-Emilia). English Bassets use three fesse bars in the colors of the three pale bars of French Stevens, and as the Basset bars are wavy, they link to Pepin-related Weavers / Webers. Might Boso's/BOSENs (Besancon colors) apply?

Scottish Guine's/Gunns happen to use a ship, symbol in the Arms of Finistere. As Finistere (beside Vannes) elements have been resolved to be in the Great Seal's unFINIShed pyramid, while Washingtons are expected secretly in some of the Great Seal's codes, note that while cantons use a colors reversed version of the Washington Coat, the Guine/Gunn Chief is also the Canton Chief. The Vannes surname is listed with Ness' sharing the double fesse bars of Washingtons.

One would expect the Boso > Rozala line at Dauphine / Pilat. I think I made the case for a Rozala trace to Bouillons, and their "Christi" motto term cab be of the "Firmus in Christo" motto of Firmins, who share the anchor with Dolfine-suspect Avis'/Avisons. As mont Pilat is suspect with the Toulouse tressure, while Avis' are using the garbs of Comyns/Commings expected at Comminges (opposite the river from Toulouse), see the Gunn-like terms in this Wikipedia quote:

In 72 B.C. the Roman General Pompey, while on the way back to Rome after a military campaign in Spain founded a Roman colony there. The goal was to defend the passage to the Aran Valley and the Iberian peninsula. The colony was named Lugdunum Convenarum [later Comminges, and suspect from Lugdunum to the near-east of mont Pilat] and had reached around 30,000 people at its highest point. It is believed to have been the place of exile from 39 AD of Herod Antipas, with his wife Herodias, under Caligula's orders. In 408 the Vandals [branch of Veneti] sacked the city and forced the peasantry to move to the citadel and in 585 the BURGUNDIANS, led by GUNther, entirely razed the site in the course of their pursuit of GUNdoald. It would remain deserted for nearly five centuries.

The year, 72 BC, was one generation after the Roman general, Quintus Caepio, found and stole his vast tressure from Toulouse, and the Gauls living there at the time included Trocmii, who ended up in Galatia, one family of which was that of Brogitarus. The latter was lifted loftily to a priesthood position by one Publius Pulcher, whom some historians claimed to be the grandson of Quintus Caepio. The picture seems clear enough, though much fog remains. The Vandals of France might just have been, or might have merged with, the Veneti of Vannes, and Gunther is suspect with Guine's/Gunns i.e. king Arthur's wife!

The Bourbonnais Guine's (may have been at Forez, beside Firminy) are said to use an oak BRANCH while Branch's are suspect with Toste's/Tofts using the red-on-white crosslets of Were's, which may be the same red crosslets behind the sun in the Firmin Crest. Having Were's a part of GuineVERE makes sense, for her name was an invention of the code makers. Branch's got suspect with Avrances, which was suspect in-turn with "Varangi." It just so happens that Varangians were from Sweden, as was Mr. Tosti. By as the latter was rough code for Mieszko I, why should Poles of Masovia trace to the Varangians? Ask the wyVERN dragon of the Masovia dukes, and trace "Varangi" to wyvern-suspect Varni. If we're gleaning a Varni alliance with the Vandals of France, in making for the Gwenea/Vannes location, the Vandals might just have been the Vanir-branch Swedes.

As the Toste's/Tofts (colors, chevron, and format of Firmins) use so-called CRUSader crosses, "Crus" was just loaded to see what pops up. It's a version of the Branch Coat (!), in Vere / Vandal colors. The Creuse area of France is on the south-west side of Bourbonnais. The club in the Vandal Coat should be for Clubs, said to be from Varn-like FARNdon. Purple-Shielded Farndons look like a branch of Pace's, both first found in the same place as Creuse's ("nec" motto term, shared by Rus-liner Rodhams and Rutherfords, and tracing to the Neckar-river viking line in Stuttgart). Chances are, the Rozala-based Rosy-Cross liners were heavily in Creuse, beside Auvergne. Rosicrucianism is predicted to be a mix of Boso-circle Burgundians (incorporates the CLARE's/Charo's and therefore the Varangian-suspect Sinclair vikings) and Swedish Nordics (including Suebi) venturing far from home into Redone France, where Rus had origins in the first place. Note "CondRUSI."

The Firmin variation of "Farman" caused a peek at Farmers (same place as Vere's) to see that they are indeed a Firmin variation. Now that Farmers are tracing to Firminy, English Farmers are highly suspect with the red stag head of Colts/Cults, first found in Perdrix-suspect Perthshire, and using the Pilate pheon in colors reversed. The Colt/Cult stag head links to the one of Vice's/Vise's, the latter shown in the Eustace Crest, and then the Vandal man is said to be ISSuing, a code suspect with Issa, also called Ves, like the Vise surname. This traces Firminy elements to Pharia quite well.

I have read Nicholas de Vere speaking affectionately about a Guine entity, explaining why GuineVERE was used by the myth writer(s). But as king Arthur is predicted to be a Merovingian thing in Britain, while also being from Arduin of Turin, what about the mythical QUINoTAUR of Merovingian ancestry? Was that a Guinevere merger with Arduinici? I have tentatively traced "Merovech" (mythical origin of Merovingians) to Morbihan, an area at Vannes. And Merovingians were also Veneti at their roots. I've read that the first Merovingians formed marital alliances with Vandals and Lombards, the latter likewise from Sweden. It looks like Merovingians trace to Varni-Vandal alliances. The red spread eagle in the Toste/Toft Crest might just be a colors-reversed one from the Chill/Child eagle.

The Quinotaur is expected from THURINgia, home of Basina. I can't recall off-hand where exactly the Vandals = Wends lived, but Thuringia may have been their homeland too. Gotha, a fundamental part of royal Wend-like Windsors, is in Thuringia. But don't Windsors trace to Otho's of Lombardy, beside Turin? And didn't the first Merovingians marry Lombards? Boso was a Merovingian, wasn't he? But were Bosonids Basina liners? There is a French Basin/Bazin surname with exactly the three-pine-cone Coat of Spanish Pino's, making Basin liners traceable to Malaspina's at Massa. As Turin is near the Tanaro river, the Tanner pine cones can be reflected upon here, as Turin is suspect with the namers of Thuringia. Pine-cone tanners were first found in the same place (Franconia) as THOR-related and Turin-suspect Trunks.

Where does Basina trace? To the Amyntes > Bassus bloodline, right? And Amyntes has been found in the Kennedy / Mynett / Pendragon helmets, right? But then what about the helmet in the Crest of Turins/Thurins (version of the Other/Otho Coat), in the colors of bull-using Torrens, the latter first found in the same place (Stirlingshire) as Chappes'. The Torren Shield is split vertically in colors reversed from the same of Vandals, suggesting Wends of Thuringia. The Torren oars link to the Stirlingshire Guiscards (piles) through the piles of Orrs (same place as Lombard surname), and as such Torrens trace to the Otho-suspect and Chappes-related Ottone's. The "Saved" motto term of Torrens suggest the Save's, in Boso/Boson colors, and first found in Burgundy. However, with Boso tracing possibly now to Bozen/Bolzano, it's notable that this location is near the Austrian border of Tyrol, where German Thors were first found, and where the sources of the Save/Sava river are.

If I can clinch the Sava with the Cavii, I might be ready to announce that Swede's trace to Cavii. The Sava is expected with Savona, near Ceva, and Savona was the son, so to speak, of mythical king Sthenelus, making Savona suspect with the Sviones (proto-Swedes), neighbors in Sweden of the STHENelus-suspect Sitones. In this picture, a branch of proto-Swedes were at Chivasso on the north of Turin, and as this is tracing to mythical Thor, of the Odin cult, note the Odin-like motto term of Torrens. And, of course, there is Odin-like Ottone Visconti, living about the time that the Odin cult was first developed. From the Cavii expected on the Clausula, trace to the Glass bloodline at Valais, location of Sion, later called Sitten, and from there take this entity to Sitones.

When reading the Tous/Tosini description in this update, I knew I had read it before. I've found the Tous surname in the first update of this month before Tosni's and Boson became topics. It was found while dealing with the Sana area of the Una river, the Maezaei theater. Here's how it happened, noting the Burgundy elements:

...It can now be established hard that the green spread eagle of Henrys is the Vienne eagle in the colors of the Lannoy and Lyon lions. It is a shame, and probably a deliberate one, that Wikipedia removed the coin of Herod Archelaus, after I mentioned it a few times, that told of a helmet with feathers upon its one side, and grape vines on the other side. It assures that the helmet with feathers in one Lannoy Crest is a symbol of Archelaus, for the other Lannoys share the green-on-white lion of Lyons, while Lyon is beside Vienne. These lions are in the colors of the spread eagle of Henrys, you see.

Note that the Lannoys (Masci fleur?) with helmet are traced to a BLETso entity, for German Blate's/Plate's use a grape vine. That can't be coincidental. Lannoys were Lyon liners that had merged with the descendants of Herod Archelaus...There is a Blets/Bled/Ble/Duble surname ("Ble" motto term), first found in Burgundy i.e. location of Vienne!...These surnames trace well to Pontius PILATE because the other Blate's share the white pheons with Pilate's, first found in Burgundy...

The "tous" motto term of Blets' goes to an interesting Tous/Tosi/Tosatti surname, first found in Pisa, an area (Massa-Carrara) where I trace Massi's/Mattis', wherefore these Tous' can indeed apply to the Blets motto term, as much as Blets use the Mathie/Matthew Coat. The first thing standing out in the Tous Coat is what looks like one of the Masculine boys. The Tous Chief uses eight-pointed stars in the colors of the same in the Arms of Una-Sana. The Tous description traces to the Masculine boys: "Blue with a gold chevron. There are three gold eight point stars above the chevron, and below a man's head and BUST natural with a green wreath of laurel around his head wearing a red SHIRT with gold BUTTONs". Here's the Bust/BOYes/BOIS Coat. Boyincidence? I suppose that this surname can trace to BESANski and Besanska in Una-Sana. The Tous Chief can trace to the Chief of Italian Boys, who share the bull with Bosens.

Again, Rozala and Boso were not yet a topic. Nor was the Todini variation of Tous' pointed out because Tosni's were not yet a topic. But the Tous surname was found in that update from a Herod-suspect line. Why does the Tous description use a "bust NATURAL"? There are two Natural surnames, one listed with Natrass' having a page but no Coat showing, and the others a French surname first found in Burgundy. The Natural Coat showing is a version of the Bernice Coat, and the Naturals not showing were first found in the same place (Cumberland) as Burns and Bernice's. The ravens of the Naturals are in the colors of the same of Varenne's/VERONE's, a surname like the BERONE's with a "tous" motto term. For me, this traces Berenice Agrippa to Vienne's Herods, as could be expected.

Or, to look at it another way where I'm not sure that Burns and Bernice's are from Berenice Agrippa, the above looks like evidence for the idea. Moreover, Ada of Varenne was resolved to be of the Ade's, first found in the land of BERNICians, and that land had been traced to Bruno's and Berone's in the first place, before knowing that the Tweed river of Bernicians should trace to the Tosni's in the Tous/Tosini bloodline. On top of that, Tosini's are expected with Laevi on the Tessin river while Levi motto honors the Ade's.

If all that Berone's wanted was to honor the Hedge's, they didn't need a hedgeHOG. Hoggs use a "vires" motto term that can go to the Vires listed with Verons/Verona's/Vairs. No coincidence. The "Dat" motto term of Hoggs can be for Datts, listed with Dade's, first found in the same place as Tute's, Thwaits, etc. As Berone's are now expected to be from the namers of Verona, that's a location smack on the Hedge-like Adige river. Heraldry often works this neatly. The Edge's are also Hogg-like Eggs, you see, and the white spread eagle of Edge's/Eggs is uses also by Este's, from Este, not far off the Adige further downstream. And the Este eagle is shared by Bars because Bars were merged with the Este's, and Bars of Este were in Brunswick, suspect with Bruno's and BARone's. It's a neat little package, especially as it's known that Bar(r)s of Brunswick used gold-on-blue fish in the curved design of the fish in the Arms of Bar-le-Duc, they being in the colors of the fish in the Vires/Verona Coat. Neat, neat, neat. Note the Egg-like Hegge variation of Hedge's, first found in the same place (Kent) as Tonbridge and Tunbridge.

As "tous"-using Blets are using the triple Clare chevrons in colors reversed, note that Meschins married Clare's of Tonbridge or Tunbridge Wells (can't recall which), while Tonse's are a Tous variation. This might not have been mentioned had not German Tons' not shown a Tonies variation as well as CANDELabra's in the colors that Kyle's used for their candlesticks. As Kyle's are basic Ayrshire elements, the Arms of Massa are expected to touch upon Kyle elements. The Tons/Tonies use a quarter "charged with a green branch with one leaf..." What do expect the leaf to be for? The best I can do with the Branch surname is a theory on an Avrances line using a version of the Hamon Coat, and for that reason using a version of the Toste/Taft/Tofts Coat (Cheshire) suspect with Skagull Tosti. However, none of the shown variations are anything like "Toste." The Toste/Tofts crosslets are used in the same colors by Ivery-related Were's, and Hoggs were first found in the Were-river theater.

The two Tonbridge locations are in the Kent-Surrey border area, where the Varenne's engaged the Herod-suspect Cobhams. Rulers with Henry names were a topic in the last update, as they all expected to trace from Henry of Rodez to the Brittany Henrys on the Meu watershed. The Meu has a source in Cotes-du-Nord, also called, Armour, and then the Berone's (shown properly as Byrams) use an "Arme a tous points" motto. The Points happen to use a fitchee-cross style like that of Mea's. The Byram location is in Brotherton (Yorkshire), and Brothers appear to be Chaplins / Kaplans (in Edge/Egg colors) .

If we follow the Adige to its source area, we come to Bozen/Bolzano. Where have we seen that before? Oh, yes, the Boso's/Bosens, with a bull in the colors of the Hedge swans. Years ago, I had found a location near Bolzano using the Montfort gonfanon banner, and so let's repeat that the Bosen bull holds a banner. I wasn't able to recall what that location was, but, since then, I found the Montfort lion in Modena's Marano (see Marano surname), and then I just saw a Meran(o) to the near-north of Bolzano. Hmm, and Boso's family came to roost in Piedmont, location of Monforte.

There is a German Tesin/Tessen surname sharing a blue bend with Bernice's. However, it's just a wild guess to link the two surnames. As Tesins were first found in the same Nordic area as Dols, it's notable that these two surnames use fesses in colors reversed from one another. As I identify the Dol Alans with Roxolani, I need to trace them to Rostock, the area where Dols and Tesins were first found. One can also trace Roxolani to the Dane Rus, and then Tosni's were from Dane Rus.


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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