Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
February 16 - 22, 2016

The Seymour Merovingians and Cilnius Numidians
Psellus and Curtus Liners Through Josephus
The Mothers and the Fathers to Madariaga

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. One of my goals at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes. Ever since I decided to use apostrophes only after surnames ending in vowels, I started to catch myself using apostrophes before the 's' of pluralized words, making it appear that I need to return to primary grammar school.

If ever you'd want to check a description in the Coat of Arms, type the surname at this page:

Not long ago, president Assad of Syria was shaking in his boots as the West became determined to turn Syrians against him. The war started to rage, and out of the dust, Assad started to come out on top. During the uncertainty, the West was warning him not to use chemical weapons, or they would move in and fulfill their threats. Assad may not be a likeable guy, but he's not stupid. And then it happened; a chemical weapons attack just as Assad was having the upper hand. The West came down hard on him, but Assad didn't do it because he had little to gain by doing it, and much to lose.

We now find a similar event in the news, and this time the West is blaming Russia, at the very time that Russia is proving instrumental in securing Assad's security more than before. In fact, Russia has become king of the Syrian skies in short order after the West wanted, but failed, to enforce a no-fly zone. Is this the time for Russia to bomb a children's hospital? Is Russia that stupid simultaneous with Putin seeking to clear up his reputation in the face of harsh criticism from the West? But it wasn't just one hospital that was hit: "Almost 50 civilians were killed when missiles hit at least five medical facilities and two schools in rebel-held areas of Syria on Monday, according to the United Nations, which called the attacks a blatant violation of international law. At least 14 were killed in the northern town of Azaz, the last rebel stronghold before the border with Turkey, when missiles hit a children's hospital and a school sheltering refugees, a medic and two residents said. Missiles also hit a hospital in the town of Marat Numan in the province of Idlib, south of Aleppo." All of a sudden, a streak of medical facilities have been hit, as though Russia turned into a mad dog overnight...but, you know, this stinks of a Western plot from the soul-less CIA. When the West comes out accusing Russia from day one, with a huge international media effort, be smart. If it has "evidence" from day two that Russia was the culprit, be smart.

Turkey this past week has ramped up its aggression against the Syrian Kurds. The Russians, to make good their friendship bid with these Kurds, have the opportunity to fight against Turkey i.e. entering the war. The reason that such a drastic measure may take place is that the Americans have actually taken sides with these Kurds, to the point that the Syrian government is exploiting it: "The Syrian UN envoy said Tuesday February that organization PKK's Syrian affiliate, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), enjoys the support of not only the U.S. but also the government in Damascus...Ja'afari's statement marks one of Syrian's first direct acknowledgements of its cooperation with the PYD." So, in an effort to out-do the Americans, the Russian can actually start fighting with these Kurds against Turkish planes that venture to attack them. The Russians have probably discussed this option, and they have conditions to be met before such a thing would take place. Right now, I think, it is imperative, in the eyes of Russians, that the PYD not be indebted to America in the long haul, for when this war is over, they think, good relations with the PYD would be best for the Kurd-oil transport through Syria.

One can no longer say, same old, same old, when Russia has entered the war. There has always been Middle-Eastern conflict, but with Russia and the USA at odds and dually involved, prophecy is more likely to transpire. For all I know, this situation can linger for decades; I wouldn't want to mislead anyone into thinking next year, or the year after that. There is a chance that the US and Russia will find some sort of "alliance" in dealing with ISIS, as has already started, faintly. This is Russia's door into Syria, to come after ISIS, and so one can say that this ISIS plot of America has back-fired. It was supposed to allow the West to enter the Syrian theater, but has only strengthened Russia's hand there. The longer the US stalls on dealing with ISIS, the longer they and Russia together will have excuses for being in Syria. The US, at this time, has better access into Iraq, however. The Saudi's are in favor of ISIS, and will wink with an American plot to keep oil prices low at this time, to keep the Russians from spending more on their military mechanisms. That's where things now stand.

The Kurds understand the opportunity of their situation:

Russia pledged to defend Kurdish militia in Syria in the case of the Turkish invasion. Therefore, Turkey may trigger a big war should the country invade Syria, the head of the Syrian Kurdistan in Moscow, Rodi Osman, said in an interview with Bloomberg.

"Russia will respond to the invasion. It goes about not only the Kurds - Russia will defend the territorial integrity of Syria," he added.

...In turn, a representative of the Syrian opposition in Moscow, Qadri Jamil, said that in addition to support in the air, Moscow supplies ammunition to the Syrian Kurds...

In mid-February, the Turkish heavy artillery started striking Syrian Kurds and positions of the Syrian army in the north of the province of Aleppo.

Noteworthy, spokespeople for the US administration earlier stated that Turkey was acting inadequately in relation to the Kurds. Washington urged Turkey to immediately stop bombing the Kurds both in Turkey and in Syria.

Why? Probably because it gives Russia a serious opportunity to enter the war. Escalation there would allow Russians to amass weapons in Syria, if Assad allowed it. Will he? Will he want Russia to fight Turkey, or will that be problematic / risky for Syria?

Turkey is not happy with Obama: "Are you on our side or the side of the terrorist PYD and PKK organizations?" Erdogan said. "Hey, America. Because you never recognized them as a terrorist group, the region has turned into a sea of blood."

Official Russia is taking a respectable tack, asking the UN to get Turkey to lay off the Kurds. That way, it doesn't appear that Russia wants escalation. Here's the French saying things that only aggravate the bear further:

France on [February 19] rejected a Russian draft U.N. resolution aimed at halting Turkey's military actions in Syria, and said Moscow's backing of Syrian forces had led to a dangerous escalation in the war.

"We are facing a dangerous military escalation that could easily get out of control and lead us to uncharted territory," French Ambassador Francois Delattre said.

That's the entire article from a Lebanese media. It's a snapshot of the problem: the West blaming Russia for protecting Syria when in fact the West is the intruder. I realize that Assad is pro-Iran and anti-Israel, but there is something to be said for dealing with rulers such as he in a way that doesn't start civil wars with much uncertainty for the way things will pan out. The West desperately wants Syria with a pro-American leader, and is the true aggressor in that country, no doubt about it. Angering Russia by accusing it weekly has proven not to help. If the West truly wants to be an angel, it should get on its knees and ask God for the solution. If Obama had his way, I think he'd replace Assad with ISIS.

The Syria situation shouldn't be much different when the next American president is chosen. He may not give ISIS a free pass. He might join Russia for a concerted, coordinated and serious attack on ISIS. Obama has obviously refused to do this, with or without Russia. If Obama, the CIA, and the military have been eye-to-eye in allowing ISIS to fester, and if they have feigned the monstrosity of ISIS in the past with faked beheadings, etc., we may not be hearing more monstrosities for the foreseeable future, for that only gives Russia applause from the world for fighting and actually beating ISIS up.

Recently, when finally the Americans joined Iraq for taking Ramadi from ISIS, it only took a few days, allowing the ISIS fighters to flee (to fight another day). Why did they wait so long, if it was so easy to do? Apparently, the Americans want the boogie man to fester. But, oh no, with Russia's help, Syrians and Kurds are beating ISIS up around Aleppo. It's a stinging turn-of-events right in Turkeys comb. The Americans may want to reign these Kurds in, in order to control them, pacify them into at-the-political-table do-nothings, or over-careful, military pussy cats, to allow ISIS to fester longer, and simultaneously make Turkey a little happier. In Russia's hands, these Kurds apparently spell the end of ISIS, one city at a time, and the more Turkey fights the Kurds, the more Russia feels justified to arm them. It's a whoopee moment for the Russians.

This northern area is the ancient Carchemish theater, which is in Isaiah 10's end-time prophecy as a region plucked cleanly by the anti-Christ. "Turkey fears [the Kurds] could seize a 100km-stretch (62 miles) as far as Jarabulus to create a large zone along the border." That city is a variation of "Europa": "In the Bronze and Iron Ages the archaeological site lying just North of Jarabulus (half of which is now in Turkey) was called 'Karkemish', in Greek and Roman times the ancient name of the city was 'Europos', which must have been at the origin of the modern form of the toponym Jerabis."

The West speaks, how do you say, nyet:

...Ankara's aggression seems partially based on the assumption that, should conflict erupt, Turkey will be supported by its NATO allies. According to Article 5 of the NATO treaty, the collective defense clause would be invoked if any member state is attacked.

...But European leaders have made it abundantly clear that they have no interest in participating in a war of Turkey's making.

"NATO cannot allow itself to be pulled into a military escalation with Russia as a result of the recent tensions between Russia and Turkey," Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn told Der Spiegel.

Of Article 5, Asselborn stressed that "the guarantee is only valid when a member state is clearly attacked."

Germany appears to agree. "We are not going to pay the price for a war started by the Turks," said a German diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity.

"We have to avoid that situations, incidents, accidents spiral out of control," NATO General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg said at the time. "I think I've expressed very clearly that we are calling for calm and de-escalation. This is a serious situation."

Let's face it, these words are tactics meant first of all to get Turkey to stop throwing fuel on the fire, in hopes that Russia won't have an opportunity to escalate a war. Plus, by raising a peaceful white flag now, they can make Russia look like the aggressor later on...if it comes to war.

Turkey is a U.S. ally against Assad, and useful at this time for oil shipments from Kurdistan, meaning that U.S. opposition to Turkey, in the manner now floated, reflects a deep need for the over-all American strategy in the Syria-Iraq theater. Everything has been geared to keeping Russia docile, except the soft treatment that the U.S. has laid upon ISIS. This is the Achilles heel of the entire Western operation. I don't see a solution. If the West decides to come down hard on ISIS, it loses an chief element against Assad. If it does nothing against ISIS, it allows the Russians to fill the gap. Which of the two "evils" will the West choose?

Furthermore, it would be risky, due to appearing hypocritical on the world stage, for the U.S. to accuse Russia of using its sky power to attack more than just ISIS (i.e. the anti-Assad fighters too), if the Americans then ramped up their arms transfers to the anti-Assad fighters, and got caught doing it. The risk makes the wheel of the West stuck in a wet ditch. They may as well get out of the vehicle and plant flowers for their own funeral. This peaceful attitude of the West will not work in taking Syria. It allows Russia to have free reign in destroying ISIS.

The only alternative is to destroy Putin, and hope for a pro-West leader to arise in Russia. But Putin knows that the plot has been hatched, and is very wary of it. The Russian media has made light of this American effort to destroy Putin by impoverishing the Russians on the street until they get rid of him. In fact, I agree that this very thing is taking place. It's a demonic attitude from the West, but what does one expect from a glob of leaders whom have deserted God?

While some Western leaders are playing neutral in a U.S.-Russia-skirmish possibility, the United States is playing a little bolder: US President Barack Obama warned the Syrian Kurdish People Protection Units (YPG) not to seize additional territory in Syria, and pledged support for Turkey against Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) guerrillas in a phone call to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Friday, the White House said. There we seem to see a different attitude from Obama as regards escalation of war caused by the PKK Kurds versus the same by the YPG Kurds. I wonder why. I'm guessing that it's tough talk to keep Russia from escalating activity should the PKK light another fire in Turkey's face. What Obama has effectively said is that Turkey will receive American support should the PKK get support from Russia against Turkey. Am I reading that right? Is that a stalemate?

If Turkey crosses the border into Syria, it would not be offensive, but defensive, should Russia support the Kurds there. It would take some nerve for Putin to enter Turkey in such a conflict, but whether or not he'll do it depends on whether Turkey justifies it. Erdogan seems to be a loose cannon.


Although she didn't intend to facilitate the Childeric / Merovingian topic of the last update, Miss Florida sent in another email on dark-skinned Silures of southern Wales, this time on the SeyMOURs, a member of which she says married Henry VIII. I've not known Seymours It's right-away obvious, with a check of heraldry, that Seymours (Monmouthshire, southern Wales) were the namers of Moreton-Say (Shropshire), and it gets interesting when the leads lead to Guido-le-Strange in the write-up of a surname that I have forgotten. Seymours use "A phoenix rising from a crown," which recalls that a new investigation on Childeric / Basina roots (last update) led to the Crans/Crauns that use a crown.

The new investigation claimed to find the line of CILnius Maecenas in the so-called cranCELIN of Wettins, the name they use for the curved bend with clovers in the Arms of Saxony. No surname can use the Arms of Saxony unless it's related to it. The Sellers were suspect with CILnius' because, for one, Childs/CHILLs use the colors and format of Sellers, making Sellers suspect as a line of Chills. This tends to trace Silures to the namers of Cilnius', if it's correct to identify Sellers with Silures. As evidence of a Cilnius trace to north African Moors, Cilnius Maecenas smacks of Numidian king, Massena, and moreover, Maecenas married Terentia, whom was the sister of Varro MURENA. The term means "dark", and besides, the Murena/Moreno surname is listed with Moratins, smacking of Mauritanians, while Juba II, a Massena liner, was king of Mauritania, and husband of GLAPHYRa Archelaus, whom I have traced (years ago) to Clovers/Clavers/Cleavers (smacks of "Clovis, son of Childeric), and therefore to Cliffs/Cleaves (Shropshire). And so let's add that the Cliff/Cleave (clover / trefoil) write-up says that James Clive (married Styche) settled in Moreton-Say, no guff. Stunned? I am.

Glaphyra Archelaus was the ancestor of the Julia who married QUADratus Bassus, and he traces to the Quade's sharing three black-on-white wolf heads with Cliffs/Cleaves (this definitely links to Seals and Sailors/SAYlors).

To nail the trace of Childeric to Cilnius Maecenas or a line thereof, Tarents/Tarans use the Child/Chill Coat in colors reversed. But, Tarents/Tarans use red eagles, which I claimed (years ago) were phoenix to indicate ancestry in the Tarun area of Lake Van (home of the Biaini), for, previous to that, I had been tracing the namers of Van to mythical Pan, and then to Pan's city of Phoenix-like Panias/Banias in Phoenix-depicted Phoenicia. I think I had all that correct, but here I find a red phoenix in the SeyMour surname (in Say colors)! And, to boot, Seymours/Seamours/Saymars are connectable to Mortons, who use a goat, a symbol of the Pan line we may assume. The Seymours are traced to a St. Maur location at Normandy's D'Avrances area.

Proof actually crops up, in the so-called pennant of Seymours, in linking them to Tudors, for Pennants (Welsh) use the same Coat as Trevors, said to be from Tudor Trevor. In the write-up, Tudor Trevors is said to be the lord of WHITTINGton, a good reason to trace that place to Wettins. A Mour surname is listed with the Cheshire Mere's said to be from BUCKLow, tending to assure that the Morton buckles, and those of others, are code for the namers of Bucklow. It just so happens that English Wettins use buckles! The Wettin buckles are in the colors of the crescents of Seatons/Sittens, said to be from Normandy's Say location.

See the Cheshire location of Buckleys with "teMERE" motto term for the Mere-related DeMere's. We will be led to Merits/Merys in a moment. The Mortons with the buckles use blue wings in Crest, shared by Here's and Herzogs whom I trace to Herzegovina, at the Cetina river i.e. where the line of Quadratus Bassus (of Cetis) traced when it merged with the nearby Maezaei suspect in the naming of Maecenas and Julia Maesa Bassianus (the two were about three centuries apart).

This would be a good place to repeat that while I trace Trevors to Trabys, and while the latter were merged with Astikas' in Vilnius, whom were suspect with STICKs, we saw above that Cliff's/Cleave's of Moreton-Say married the heiress of STYCHE. The Stocks and Stake's can be gleaned in using the Montfort lion, shared by Marano's/Mauritano's, indicating, I think, that Montforts, and the Monforte-Montferrat area of Piedmont, was inhabited by the line of VARRO Murena. Varro's line may have named GUERIN of Provence, therefore, who I always trace to the marriage of Guido Guerra III to a daughter of William V of Montferrat. It's notable that Guerra's share the wyvern dragon with the Trevor Crest, and that the black one in the Trevor Crest is in the color of the Till wyvern while Tills trace to the Tilurius river (older name of the Cetina), and to QuadraTILLA, daughter of Quadratus.

Here I now find that a WIDO de St. Maur in the Seymour write-up, of a wealthy family whose descendants are said to have been of the Wiltshire area, where the other Mortons were first found that use a version of the Say QUADRants. Wido's son, WILLIAM (same name as Williams of Montferrat) had ten manners in Somerset, where Leavells were first found that I trace to Lupus Laevillus, husband of QUADRatilla. Wido's line is said to have spread to Gloucestershire too, where English Wettins were first found. It was just three weeks ago (4th update of January) that I discovered a sure trace of another daughter (Alice) of William V of Montferrat to the Brians of Ireland, and -- NO KIDDING -- Irish Brians share three lions in pale with the Seymour pennant!!! Zowie.

The Scottish Mours are listed with the Mars, and Irish Brian-Burghs were in Mar of Scotland. I claimed that Alice/Alasia of Montferrat birthed William de Burgh of Ireland, whose family merged with Brians. Here is part of what was said three weeks ago: "Marjorie Carricks royal son had married the Irish Burghs said to be partly from the line of Brian Boru [Brian surname]. I had found that Julia Domna [Caracalla's mother] was traceable to the naming of Domhnail of Mar, whose daughter married Marjorie's son. I always trace Carrick ancestry to Grasse, where I had traced Julia Domna, and I've been kicking around the Grass surnames as branches of Greats and similar others for years." The Greats are expected in the "greatest" motto term of Sailers/Saylors.

The clues were such that Alesta of Mar (daughter of Morggan, Earl of Mar) was traceable to Alice of Montferrat, and therefore to Alice of Saluzzo, and it just so happens that the latter married FitzAlan of Arundel, while Arundels lived at Shropshire's Clun, making sense with the Moreton-Say location of Shropshire. MORggan's wife, they say, was a relative of Warenne's, suspect with Guerins. It should be noted that Guerin of Provence was also "Garin" while Italian Garins, first found in the same place as Guido's, use triple fesse bars in the colors of the fesse bars of Wettins and the Arms of Saxony (Varn colors), while German Garins/Gorings were first found in Saxony, while French Garins/Guerins (from the Say theater) are likely using the Guido lion. Compare CLIFFords (red wyVERN, code for Warren / Varn liners) with Warrens, noting that Cliffords were first found in the same place as Trevors while sharing the wyvern with them.

While HUNTing horns are suspect with Ada of Warenne, who married Henry HUNTingdon, the Mullets, who share part of the Guerin/Garin Coat, throw in the same hunting horn as German Jaggers (probably Mieske/Mesech kin, and maybe Gog liners such as Googe's), suspect from a grandson (JUGURTha) of king Massena, and therefore close to Juba II of Mauritania. As Juba married Glaphyra, her name suspect with such surnames as Clubs and Claptons, note that English Jaggers use a giant patee cross in gold, the colors of the same of Claptons/Cloptons. Austrian Jaggers use the German-Jagger hunting horn on a vertically-split Shield, and the vertically-split Shield of Claptons/Cloptons makes the patee in the colors of the buckle's of Wettins, first found in the same place as Claptons/Cloptons. The other Claptons were first found in the same place as Maur-related Buckleys and the Bucklow location of Mours/Mere's. Massena's use the patee cross the colors of the same of Peks who linked, in the last update, to Washington liners, suspect with the Mitanni namers of Modena. That is, the ancient Mitanni (time of Moses) are expected with the namers of ancient Modi'in (already named when Joshua arrived to Israel), and later with Modena. Didn't Moses marry a gal from Midianites??? Can't that make Jonathan, the pagan Levite in Judges, a Midian liner? It's this very Jonathan that I trace to the Levites amongst the Maccabees.

Miss Florida has obviously scored huge here for us, maintaining her interest in Silures over a few years, and plodding me onward to seeking their roots. Looks at what it has come to. While Silures were always suspect with Massena liners / Mauritanians, here we are finding much heraldic evidence.

Claptons were linked to Wingets/Wingers in the very last update, and here I find the Seymours sharing a red pile with Wings/Winks (Moor head!), another surname suspect (in the last update) with the Washington link to PINCHneys, from Pincum at the mouth of the Pek river. That's how one can know of that the Moesians of the Pek were somehow related to king Massena. Ask the patee cross of Mose's (perhaps from Le Mose in Placentia), and let me repeat that the Biblical Moses was named by the daughter of a pharaoh whom I claimed to be from the very-ancient Meshwesh, the same that named Massena later (after Mysians were formed), and moreover these Meshwesh were suspect from the Mus area of Lake Van, same area as Tarun that I'm tracing to Terentia, wife of Cilnius Maecenas.

The Merovingians that traced themselves to VENeti should be from Lake Van too, and I think one can start to ask whether MEROvingians were Mour liners too. In fact, as I trace "Merovee" to mythical Merops of KOS (Greek island) with absolutely no doubt, by what coincidence do French Seymours (Burgundy, same as Maurs/Mars) share three bends in the colors of the KOS/Kosinski bendy? Three bends are used also by French Merits/Merys/Demers (Normandy).

KOS'/Kosinski's might be of the namers of Cosenza, for while Kos is near Patmos, the Arms of Cosenza uses the potent cross. The Meshwesh are expected from the Coronis-crow line (was once in Patmos) to the naming of Cyrenians (eastern Libya), where Meshwesh lived in times before Massena. In myth, Apollo was the symbol of this black-bird crow (see also mythical Cyrene), made from a white bird, the symbolism of which speaks to Greeks in north-Africa. In the last update, the CRANcelin symbol of Wettins became suspect with the Crans/Crauns who trace to Coronis without doubt. But as the Crane's were suspect along with Cronkite's, note that German Maurs share a crane with a rock in its foot with Cronkite's (and Leto's). This rock-in-foot symbol should not be ignored as mere fancy. Mose's share billets with the Arms of Roquefeuil, and one may glean that French Maurs/Mars are using a version of the Feller/Felltrager Coat (clovers?).

Mose's are said to be from one Mosce entity while I link the Sicilian Mosca's (see Mosca surname) to the motto of Drake's who in-turn share the red wyvern with JUGGS/Judds. The latter, suspect from Brittany's Jugon, in the same part as where Motts/Mottins/MORTE's were first found, use the wyvern dragon too. Juggs/Judds are very traceable, with Motts/Mottins, to Modena because the part of Brittany being referred to (Cotes-du-Nord) is the location of the Meu river, of the Mea's/Meighs share the white-on-red boar heads of Juggs/Judds, as well as sharing the blue fitchee-formee cross of Albins/Aubins...kin of Albino's, first found in Modena. Jugon, therefore, can be expected from the Jugurtha line of Numidians.

Back to WIDO of Maur in the Seymour write-up, for Scottish Mours/Mars use two lions in pale in the colors of the GUIDO lion, building the evidence that Wido was a Guido-Guerra liner. Both Guerra surnames use bendy / bends. As Guidi's were first found beside Modena, Maur liners can be from Marano of Modena, for Marano's/Mauritano's share an upright, white-on-red lion with Guido's. I think this is a correct trace, and it's very important for clinching the ancestry of Cilnius Maecenas with the namers of Maccabees proper, whom lived in Israel's Modi'in, a term like "Modena." As I see the Bassus > Bassianus line as that part of the Galatians merged with Maccabees, and in fact the Bassus Galatians did merge with the Maccabee line from Glaphyra, by what coincidence are Wido's listed with Avitus-suspect Vito's?! As Guido's are said to be from / of Woods, let's entertain it while noting the savage with CLUB of Panico-suspect Woods/WIDE's. This savage is used by Wilds too, suspect with "WILTshire, where Mortons and Seymours lived.

I can't find Guido le Strange in my files, so I can't say right here what surname mentioned him. But Strange's share the two lions in pale (same colors, same Coat exactly) with Scottish Maurs/Mars, which recalls my claim (of about two years ago) that Guido's and the Bologna Alberts were a part of the founding of the Scottish royals along with a line from Guerin of Provence. The Seymour lions in pale are likewise on a red background. One Albert Coat uses "A savage with a sledge hammer over his shoulder." French Alberts (almost the Guido / Marano lion) were first found in the same place as Maurs/Mars and French Seymours. Fesse bars in the colors of the latter's bends are used by Damorys/Amori's, an obvious branch of Amore's. While Mose's are suspect with Le Mose of Placentia, and while the Mose patee is in the blue color of the wolf in the Arms of Placentia, that's the color of the blue dog in the Damory/Amori Crest.

This is excellent, for while Mosca's of Sicily were found originally as per their marriage to Montechiaro (near Agrigento's Drago river), and while Mose's mention a Mosce entity, and while a Mosca variation is like a Drake motto term, the blue bend of Damorys (same place as where Vere's ruled centuries) is shared by Chiaro's/Claro's. It tends to prove that the blue talbot of Damorys is for Le Mose liners out of Placentia. The blue bend is used also with French Collins (Paris) and Kelners, who became suspect (last update) with Cilnius liners.

The sledge hammer of English Alberts (Kent) should be code for Sledge's/Sleighs/Slys, first found in the same place (Essex) as Quints, and sharing a gold fitchee in Crest with them. Slate's (emphasized below) happen to use the same chevron as Quints. The Sledge colors and format are once again those of Sellers, Tudors and Childs, only this time we find owls, questionable as to whether they trace to the owl god, Kos, for Childeric must trace to Kos. There may have developed an owl-like Howell surname because whatever it was previously may have been from Kos. Howells use towers in colors reversed from the same of Thors/Thorns, the latter very traceable to THURINgia, home of Childeric's wife. Here is something square: Howells were first found in the same place as Seymours, and moreover Thors/Thorns/Tours share red towers with Murena's/Moratins. No coincidence, apparently. Seymours were from Terentia's Murena family.

A clue as to what Howells may have been comes from the discovery (last update) of this: "Hully's/Howletts/Hullets were first found in Yorkshire again, and, I've read, the Parisii co-founded York. The towers of Hullys/HOWLetts (owl) suggests that tower-using Howells are a branch. Aule's use a tower too, and it's the Scone tower. As Hullys/Howlets are in Kingston / King colors, they can be a branch of Hulls, from Kingston. The colors of Hullys/Howlets, and their red rose on a stem, make them suspect with Schere's/Scherfs, important if correct because Scarfs were first found in Yorkshire." The German Garins/Gorings (Saxony) share the same lion as Kings / Kingstons. As Schwerin is in the Pomeranian theater, home of Griffins, the giant Albert griffin can link to the same of Griffins.

So, it appears that Hall > Howell liners merged with Childeric-suspect Sledge's/Sleighs who in-turn married Alberts. It reminds of the Merovingian trace to Padasus, in the Troad i.e. at Hellespont, where I trace Halls. The Hellespont was abducted, so to speak, by mythical Paris of Troy, and Clovis ruled at Paris, France. It was pointed out that one Hall Coat reflects that of Schwerins, but here I find a similar Shield with German Alberts. Italian Alberts use a single annulet (tied to four chains), which suggests linkage to the single Wido/Vito annulet. It's made apparent here that Bassianus' linked to the Alberts of Bologna. The Albert annulet is in the colors of the same of Ottone's and Pucks.

The Aule / Scone / Tour tower is shared by North-related Narbonne's/DeNORDys. The "devoir" motto term of Seymours can be for Voirs, first found in the Vannes = Veneti / MORbihan part of Brittany, where I trace Merovingians. The Voir lions are also the North lion, which recalls that Nothings/Northens in the motto of Seaton-related Sutys. Seatons and Sutys share the green dragon in Crest with Norths (chain). The North dragon is "gorged" with a crown, as is the crane of Crans/Crauns.

The Sledge's/Sleighs/Slys may have been of the Salian Franks, who lived in the Netherlands with/beside the Padasus-suspect Batavians. Their SLEDge variation may indicate that the whole lot of surnames listed with them were at first the Slate's or Slade's. The latter share black-on-white horse heads with Hellens/Haylins. The Slade's share the Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Mens / Glenny, and the latter's Coat looks like a version of the Slade Coat, important now because Glenns and Glennys were traced to Gaulonites while the Hellespont was home to Gallipolis. Did Galatians name the Gaulonites? The black horse head of Slade's was identical to the one once showing in the Este Crest and Este is a location in Padasus-suspect Padova. The Mens / Glenny duo is important because Pepins honor Mens' and Este's in their motto, while Pepinids were known Merovingians. The "Audax" motto term of Slade's is like the motto terms of Clovis-suspect Pollocks and Euganeo-like Eugene's (Euganeo is beside Este).

The Slate's happen to use trefoils, which may have been viewed as clovers at one time as code for Clovis / Glaphyra liners. The Slate clovers are in the colors of the same of Rods and Rocks (shared by Fellers in different colors), indicating the Roquefeuil marriage to Henry IV of Rodez. I can't see an heraldic way to equate Slade's with Slate's. There is a way to link the Sclater variation of Slate's to Trips, whose Treff variation became suspect with TREFoils. It bears repeating that while Chills/Childs trace to the Chillingham location of Hebrons/Hepburns (horse head in the white of the Pepin horse head), the latter's "tryst" motto term is for Trysts that use a TREPidum" motto term.

Although Slade's were first found in Derbyshire, they claimed to be named after a Slaughter/Schlaughter location in Gloucestershire, which place I tend to trace to "Glaucus," a mythical character that loved Scale-like Scylla. The Trips use SCALing ladders, you see, like "SCLater." There is much to be had from this, for Slade's and Slate's look like they derive from the Selletae Thracians, beside TARPodizus, a term suspect with Tarvisium (Treviso), about 20 miles north of Venice. Travis' share the scallops of Biss', and the latter use snakes "respecting EACH other," while Each's/Augers can trace to Euganeo.

Therefore, if Slade's were Slate liners, they both were from Skala of Patmos through to Scylla of Sicily. The Selletae have been equated with Salyes, an idea that works excellently here where Merovingians must trace to Salyes liners such as Sale's / Salians/Salemans. As Salyes are said to be the same as Saluvii, note the "PONDere" motto term of Slate's, for it can be for Ponds/Ponts sharing a black-on-white boar with Salviae-liner Sullivans. French Ponds share bendy in the colors of the same of Merits/Merys.

Can we have it both ways, tracing Slate's to "Scylla" and to "Selletae." Yes, for, Germanicized, "Selletae" becomes "SCHELLet." Skeltons, Sheltons, and Sheldons ("pati") are coming to mind. Skeltons (Giffard rooster head) use fleur-de-lys in the colors expected of the Clovis fleur, the colors used by France. This brings me back to Skylletion in Bruttium, home of the Oenotrians/Enotri, Oeneus-liner suspects, perfect, for Salviae is at the Oeneus river. Sheldons (Eaton colors) are said to have risen to prominence in Gloucestershire, i.e. location of Slaughter. As Sheldons show clear signs of tracing to Scylla and neighboring Patti, it behooves us to take seriously a trace of Scylla / Skala liners to the Selletae.

As Slate's are said to have had their Sclater variation up at the Orkney theater, it's notable that their Slaughter/Schlaughter location was where Letts were first found that use ORGAN pipes, suspect with ORKNey and with the Pipe's using the Pepin Coat. The Pepins are now established as a merger with Webers, a branch of Weavers that are in code with the "weaver's shuttle" of KEEPs, the latter in the "Keep tryst" motto of Hebrons/HEPburns (Keeps are a Hebron branch). Reminder: Eschol was a valley in Israel's Hebron (Selletae are near the Hebros), while Schole's/Scayle's use the same Coat as potent-suspect Patents, and moreover share the black crosslet of Julians and Gullys. As Slade's and Slate's were suspect above with Quintus Caepio, who traces to the Kupa river, that was beside the Oeneus river. It reminds of Julius Caesar's mistress, Miss CAEPIONIS. I don't think it's coincidental that "Kupa" is like "CUPIONICH," that being a location on the Clausula river that flows down to the Bar area at potent-suspect lake SCODra.

Note the "CreSCIT" motto term of Slate's, like the "VireSCIT" of potent-cross liner, Brocks, suspect from BROGitaus, who's also suspect from "Froggit," a surname first found in the same place as Slate's (share the Quint chevron). As Muranum/MARANo is smack at the potent area of Bruttium, by what coincidence does the Arms of MARNe use the potent border? Wikipedia claims that Marne was Matrona to the Romans, but, I think, it may have been more of a Marano-like term previous to that name. Marne, location of Reims, was in the thick of the Merovingian kingdom. I trace "Reims" to Rimini, near Este.

It's been established that the Cabyle location beside the Selletae was a line to the Capelli's, first found in Este-related Ferrara. The Ferrara's are traced in their write-up to Venice.

This is a good place to repeat that there was another mythical Merops, besides the one in Kos. The other one was a king of Ethiopia, but in those days, Ethiopia was further north, and probably got at least close to Merowe/Meroe (now in Sudan), a Merovee-like term if ever we saw one. But Wikipedia says that Merowe was also "Bedewe," a term like "Padova / Batavi," which is how I know that Merovingians were part with Batavians as well as from Salians. It's also how I know that Merovingians were from the namers of mythical Merops, and probably Merope too. You can therefore bank on Merits/Merys/Merics and Seymours being a branch of Merovingians in the Say area of Normandy. The Voirs (from the Vannes area and therefore linkable to Merovingians there), use the lion of "St. Mark's the EVANgelist," as they call it, which might tip us off that Mark liners included the Meric variation of Merits. Evans might be a branch of Ewens listed with Eugene's. Evans share the stag, with unknown object at its throat, with Eustace's and Horts.

We've got to assume that the artists at houseofnames drew that little thing on the stag, but in three surnames I know of that use this stag design, none of the descriptions mention what the mystery object is. The Venis/Venus surname uses a BROWN stag. In red, a stag is sometimes a hart, obvious code for Harts, possible branch of Horts, one of the three using the brown stag with mystery object. Another brown stag is used by Hartwicks/Hardwicks (major topic of last update), along with a saltire in colors reversed from the small saltire in the flag of Ewens/Eugene's. I don't think that Scottish law would allow Scottish Harts (clover?) to share the Pollock saltire if the surnames were not related, and so let's repeat that the Pollock motto term, "Audacter," is almost the "Audaciter" of Ewens/Eugene's. Scottish Andrews seem to be using the Pollock / Hart saltire too, and the little Ewen/Eugene saltire is the so-called "Andrews Cross," flag of Scotland. The "CavenDO" motto term of Hardwicks has the ending on "AgenDO," the Auger motto term.

Complementing the Evan stag, Dutch Evans/Evers/Effers, who share a black bend with Ivers/Evers (same quadrants as Irish Ewins), use a "green tree" beside a "deer," and while "Ragusa" is wrongly said to derive in a deer, the heraldic deer has traced by way of the Mallet deer to Ragusa. In other words, even though the derivation is incorrect, some had used the deer as code for their Ragusa elements. Ewins/Eugene's (sun) happen to use an embattled border on their chevron, but it's a version of so-called RAGully (see it with Stewarts). It looks linkable to the embattled fesse of Middle/Mittel; while the latter were traced to Mitanni, the Ewens/Eugene's happen to share red-on-white stars in Chief with Washingtons.

There is something to be said here for a fundamental link between the representatives of embattled and ragully. The Battins can be a branch of Buttons, and the latter share the Capelli chapeau, and moreover Button kin definitely trace to Cabyle on yet another count besides their link to Capelli's.

I've noted that the Eugene motto, "AudaCITER," can be for KITTERs listed with Chattans (share the castle with Cattens/Cetins), like the Cattan variation of CETINs. Kitters/Chattans share the bend of Champagne, and of the Botters in the Clan-Chattan motto. The "foVEAN" motto term of Cetins is likely for the Veans/Vans/Vains, a branch of Fane's/Vans/Veyne's, from Fano, beside Rimini, all good reasons for tracing the first Merovingians to these Veneti elements. Note that a CANTON is used by CATTANs while John of Gaunt (or at least his line) is in the gauntlet gloves of Fane's/Vans.

The "AGENdo" motto term traces well from Merovingian-suspect Euganeo to AACHEN, where Charlemagne's family ruled. The Aachens are even listing an Agen surname, and share a red lion in Crest with Ewens/Eugene's. Aachen was also called, Aix-la-CHAPELLE. It looks like the two "holy" French dynasties were from Cabyle. The next dynasty was that of CAPets. It all looks like the Mother-Harlot line of Cybele. It's not a wonder that they killed and destroyed for power's sake. Aachens/Agens share white crescents with Moons.

Irish Dutch Ewins use "The moon in her compLEMENT proper," and Lements/Lemans were first found in the same place as Quints. Lemonts were from Dol. We want to know why the Dol Stewarts use raGULLY. I'm sure it has to do with the Alan stars being those of Julians. The Moons were first found in the same place as the ragully Stewarts, and moreover the Moon Shield is split horizontally in the colors of the same of Cetins/Cattens. Both surnames use white symbols on their split-Shields. In colors reversed, the black-on-gold fitchee of Cetins/Cattens becomes gold, the colors of the Quint fitchee. "COMPlement" suggests Comps/Camps (same gold griffin heads as Capelli-liner Kaplans) sharing the colors and format of Capone's (same place as Julians). Moons are said to be Mohuns/Moyons (chevron in the colors of the Comp/Camp chevron). Mohuns/Moyons share a motto (Omnia vincit veritas) linkable to the motto of Kitters/Chattans, and the arm in the Mohun/Moyon Crest holds a lion paw, symbol in the Quint Crest.

The looks of the Camp/Comp and Mohun/Moyon Coats together suggest the Touque's, and then Touques' (with an 's') share besants with Mohuns/Moyons, important because Bassianus' were on the Cetina. The sun god of Julius Bassianus thus traces well to the sun at the BASE of the Ewen/Eugene Coat. This trace of Cetin liners to the Veneti explains well the Maschi's of Rimini, and then the fleur-de-lys, in the colors of the same used by France, are in the Masci Coat. It could appear that Clovis was a Bassianus-Maschi liner, for he was crowned in Reims. Yes, for his other was Basina. As per the pine cones of Maschi's, compare Wayne's, kin of Fane's/Veynes, to Pine's. As I identified king Arthur as Merovingians in Britain, compare Irish Arthurs to Wayne's. French Pine's (Pendragons?), I've just noted, share the three cinquefoils of Hardwicks, but this in itself doesn't make the link reliable, at least not closely.

The Pine's use pineAPPLEs, perhaps a clever way to indicate their Apple kin. Apple's are suspect with Mountains, and French Mountains married Claviere's, key-using kin of Clavers/Cleavers/Clovers, suspect with "Clovis" (not his birth name, but one can ask why it was changed to that). French Pine's have a fesse comparable to the fesse of Panders, and colors reversed from the chevron of Pinders/Penders (same chevron as Maceys, same place as Masseys / Maceys). These are Fanano liners (as per the Arms-of-Fanano fesse) if Fane's/Veynes named that city. The Pender chevrons is in the colors of the same of Close's/CLOVSE's who appear to be using a version of the Macey Coat. It looks like Clovis was definitely a Maschi liner, from Julia Maesa Bassianus.

The pine cone's can trace definitely to the Cone's that share the antler with Hamons, suspect with Hamon de Masci (same place as Penders), for the Hamon motto includes "discRIMINI." Note that Reims share the arm of Mieske's/Mesechs, which can be gleaned in the Coats of Bessins/Beastons/ Bistone's / Bessens/Besants (club). The Mieske's and Reims have the sword slightly on a tilt, probably for a reason. English Bessens are sharing the quadrants of Ivers/Eure's and Ewins (and Masseys). Repeat: "The Martel / Celin crown is in both colors of the Bessen/Besant crown..." Why do Reims use a stork? See also the fesse colors of Dutch Ghents, noting that English Ghents share the Tanner Shield while German Tanners use pine cones.

Julia Maesa named her daughter after Sohaemus, and then Some's are listed with Sions/Swans that use the Maceys / Close/Clovse chevron, for the gloves in the Some/Sion Coat were once showing as gauntlets. Sions were clearly a Fane/Veynes line (the latter are known to be a sept of Mackays). This Maesa character is now apparently clinched with the line to the birth of Clovis. In gold, the white lion at the BASE of the Some/Sion Coat is the Maschi (or Voir) lion. If we ask whether gauntlet gloves were created when Glove's (crossbow) became merged with a gauntlet-using liner, we get the answer back that Glove's (Catter kin?) share the Aachen/Agen crescents (in the colors of the giant Mott crescent).

I'm asking why it is that this Bassianus line should figure so strongly in Masonry. What special peculiarity did it have? The priests of El-Gabal wore purple robes, but when first learning of this, I had no idea as yet what centrality El-Gabal might play in the Revelation harlot. Before that time, before knowing of Bassus' or Bassianus', I predicted on several occasions (never changing the story with time) that a Massey / Meschin liner would be in the False Prophet. It looks like I have some good feelers for faint clues. There is a massive amount of clues in my head to contend with, and somehow, over years of digesting them, I'm able to comprehend it to a fair degree, and pluck out the main ingredients with which to work. But, there was invaluable help from many readers who were able to follow along for months at a time, and even years, I have no idea how they do it. At one time, I enjoyed the task, but the information to deal with is now so massive that it's down-right hard work to continue, and I've been wishing for a few years that I could end this project. But each day, I awake to continue, rewarded with ever-compounding new insights.

The gold griffin is in giant form in the Battle/BATTAILE Coat. The IVERys happen to be traced in their write-up to Ivry-la-BATTAILE in Eure, speaking to the Ivers/Eure's (same QUADRants as Irish Ewins), and making Evans/Evers suspect with them so as to link to Ewens/Eugene's, thereby revealing that embattled liners link both to Battle's and to Ivry-la-Battaile. Iverys, suspect with the Yvery location of Leavells, share red-on-white stars, and a red lion in Crest, with Ewens/Eugene's. The Ivery-suspect Verys use a plough suspect with Ploughs/Plows and Bloggs/Blocks, the latter having a chevron in the colors of the Ewen/Eugene chevron, and, moreover, as Bloggs/Blocks have a Coat linkable to Paisleys, "Block" looks like a Pollock branch. Recall that Harts share the Pollock saltire, for Hartwicks (show white-on-blue cinquefoils) are said to use white-on-blue roses, the Paisley symbol. The Ploughs are said to be special owners of the white-on-blue fleur-de-lys, and as they are in the colors of the Saraca fish, I view these colors as heraldry important. The RAGGS, suspect in ragully, itself suspect as kin to Ewens, use fleur in those colors.

The Saraca fish is likely in the Pesci Coat, and Pesci's were from Venice, tending to trace Saraca / Ragusa liners to the Veneti, and explaining the embattled chevron of Ewens/Eugene's, if ragully liners are indeed kin to embattled liners. There is a question on whether Pesci's were from one of the two Physca locations on the dark map, One of them is near Citium (at Emathia), and about the same distance from a Celle location that might be a line of Celins. The latter (bird in Pesci colors) are said to be from a Cella location in Lombardy, or a Celle in Tuscany. I always link Fisks to Cliffs/Cleaves, the ones from Moreton-Say and therefore part of the Merovingian line of Seymours. I didn't know while writing to this point that the Arms of Pistoia, where Celins were first found, share a Shield filled with red-and-white checks with Fisks. These checks are used by Vairs/Fers' while the other Vairs are listed with Verona's that use the Pesci fish. Dutch Clavers are said to use "a silver sword in base garnished gold" while there is a Garnish surname ("Goddes") sharing a chevron in the colors of the same of Ewens/Eugene's / Bloggs. Reminder: Pollocks and Eugene's share nearly the same motto, both beginning with "Aud," and then Aude's use the sword too.

Garners/Gerners, in Paisley colors, share a thistle with Paisleys. It recalls the finding of a thistle in an Arms of a location (can't recall the name) in Audeville (near Paris), when I went looking for the Audeville location in the write-up of Pollock-suspect Aude's. And here I find that the Garners share the white-on-blue sword with Aude's. Garners even share the white-on-blue fleur. Garn / Gern liners are suspect with the namers of "Guernsey," where Majors were first found that are apparently in the "majora" motto term of Geddes'. Garners/Gerners were first found in Rutland, and while it doesn't say whether it's the Rutland at Leicestershire, Garner-like Warners were first found in Leicestershire, as were Scottish Watsons/Wattie's/Quattie's (suspect as the Watsons who married Peter Pollock's daughter / granddaughter) that share a tree stump with Bloggs/Blocks. The Rutlands share the so-called "orle" border with Rutherfords, making the Rockingford location in the Watson write-up linkable to the rock of Rutherfords, itself likely code for the namers of Roxburghshire, where Rutherfords were first found.

English Watsons (same chevron as Garnish's) share black footless martlets with the Coat of Voters/Gauthiers. As Voters/Gauthier's were found (last update) to be a branch of Gauts/Cotta's, it's important that AURELia Cotta was traced to "orle" when I did not know that Rockingham castle is near CaldeCOTT. "Caldecott is the most southerly village in Rutland [at Leicestershire]. There is one public house - The Plough Inn...There was once a railway station on the southern edge of the village. It was named after the neighbouring village of Rockingham..." ROCHdale (same place as Chaddocks) has Arms with white footless martlets too, and the eight Rochdale martlets around the Arm's border are the makings of the same in the Coats of Chaddocks and Chadwicks. The Crest of Scottish Watsons shares two hands coming from two clouds with Aarons, and then Arun and Arundel are in Sussex, where Saddocks were first found that likewise use the eight-martlet border feature.,_Rutland

Here's an excellent find. Rockingham is in the borough of Corby along with COTTINGham, and then, while Aurelia Cotta was the mother of Julius Caesar, the Cottinghams share a white, seated greyhound with Gallys! It's the Gullys that share the Julian cross. Gally's were first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Cottinghams. Of further interest is that while the Cotesii were on the BUZau river, the Arms of Leicester use the Bus cinquefoil.

Here's from the last update: "The Carters with the Catherine wheel share a white, seated greyhound with Gallys." Carters were first found in Winchester, ruled by Saer de Quincy, while Quincy's were first found in Northamptonshire, location of Cottingham. It's important because Julius Caesar was having an extramarital affair with Servilia Caepionis, while she was the daughter of a Quintus Caepio (the younger) suspect with Quincy's. The Fessys, first found in Northamptonshire, are Vesci liners that might just be a Pesci branch. Cottinghams use "A greyhound SEJANt," suspect with Sagans/Segans who share the salamander in flames with Julians! Bingo. And Segans are suspect with the "segni" motto of Fessys!! Bingo Bango. The Cottingham Coat: "...two silver hinds, counter trippant, in pale." The Cotesii were in the land of Trypillians, and may have been one of their chief tribes.

Trypillians burned their homes ritualistically, and regularly, according to Wikipedia, and that may have named the Flemings, explaining the salamander in flames too. The hourglass-shaped Trypillian goddess became suspect with hourglass-like Shields, used, for example, by Beatle's/Bedwells, whose Crest is a castle on a rock in flames. The Beatle lozenges were linked to the same-colored ones of Anchors, kin of Majors, kin of Geddes on the Nith, a river in the same place as Patiens/Padys with crescents in flames. The Trips use the same cross design as Julians, and Trips were kin of Gore's with a French branch sharing the French-Julian stars. Spanish Majors share the black-on-white checks of Gallys, and Majors bring us back to Gerner / Garnish / Gerney / Warner suspects.

It was established in my mind that Warners (Vere colors) are using the Turin/Thurning bend, which, if correct (I was thinking of Ted Turner's merger with Warner Bros), links Warners (Varni?), links to Basina of Thuringia. Warners share "nati" with the Frank surname sharing the Pollock saltire, making Franks linkable to Clovis liners. Natts/Nathans may be sharing the escutcheon of Nitts/Naughts (same checks as WARRENs), first found in the same place as the Nith river. I can't make all of these things up as I go. If it all fits, it's likely correct. It looks like Varni / Guerra liners were all over the Nith liners, which can explain the green Kilpatrick dragon. It expects that the Pungs/Paganells, first found in the same place as Cottinghams, and sharing the bendy of Guerra's, should trace to Trypillians, and, indeed, Pungesti is in Moldova, near Roman (Siret river), while it's the Rome's/Rooms (same place as the Nith) who use a "PUNGit" motto term.

Cliffs/Cleaves are suspect as kin of Cleavers/Clavers/CLOVERs. The Kline's had come to mind with "Celin," and they happen to use a trefoil i.e. may have been a clover originally until engaging the Treff kin of Trips. Or, virtually all clovers have generally come to be called trefoils. I don't recall any surname described with clovers, aside from perhaps one that I can't recall. Surely, the Dutch Clavers chose the trefoil because it was a clover, suggesting that trefoils are fundamental to Glaphyra liners. I am now considering the TreFOIL as part code for Offaly liners, and Offalys happen to use a flory cross, similar to the Julian cross, in Julian-cross colors. We saw that Offaly are using a version of the Alnwick cross, and Alnwick was ruled early by Julian-related Fessys. The tips of the moline cross of Alnwicks is like the tips of rooks use by RoqueFEUIL liners, and we saw (last update) why Offalys would be Feuil liners, which tends to certify that my old trace of "treFOIL" to Roquefeuil liners was accurate. It suggested a Trip merger with Roquefeuil, which can be verified further if the Gore / Gower wolf is indeed in the Quillan Coat, and if Quillans (Julian suspects) were from Quillan, beside Roquefeuil. The Quillan wolf is in the design of the Fleming / Roman wolf, suggesting the old wolf symbol of mythical Romulus and Remus, the latter suspect between Rimini and Reims. These Romans were from the Benjamites of Rimmon, who were traced to the Rimna river of Moldova, smack at/beside the Cotesii (see Rhamidava on the dark map, at the Rimna (not marked)).

Glaphyra-suspect Claptons that use a patee cross in the colors of the Trip crosses have a branch sharing the Winger/Winget Coat while that latter share the hind with Trypillian-suspect Cottinghams. Here's the Winger/Winget description: "Black with ermine bend COTISed between six martlets." Romneys use a cotised bend too. But why are Cotesii liners linking to Glaphyra liners? Did one of the Junia Caepionis' have a child that led to a marriage with Glaphyra's grandson, Tigranes, husband of Opgalli? There is a Galati location 10-15 miles from the mouth of the Buzau. Was Galati the origin of Julians / Gullys / Gallys? Is that why Julius Caesar joined the Brogitarus Galatians? Why do Bruggs/Bruges' (Flemings) share a black-on-white cross with Julians? Were the Flemish elements of the Crusaders Julian liners of the Caepio kind? Looks like. Why are there a Breuci peoples (light map) across the mouth of the Kupa river? Why are Bruce's linkable to Bruggs (Belgium)? Why do Bruce's use what I came to call the Caepio-line lion? Isn't the Kupa (Colapis) the river of Japodes, traceable to the 400 Jabesh-ites that married the 600 Benjamites of Rimmon? Note that the Buggs use a gold symbol at the center of their cross, as do Chives' upon their moline in the colors of the Alnwick moline. The Bruce lion is likely that of Louvains (and Percys of Yorkshire), and the Louvain lions are in both colors of the lion heads of Chretiens, the latter found in the Levi motto.

I've just found what looks like a branch of SOWDENs in the Suddels/SUGDENs/Suddens (both use the same lion-head design in Crest), the Chief of which uses maidens. The Maidens are listed with Maddens having a "falcon volant seizing a silver mallard," evoking the "falcon KILLING a stork" of Varns/WARNochs (and Montrose's). It sounds linkable to Quillans listing Killing-like variations, and expects CILNius liners, for it just so happens that Kilners/Kelners use a white-on-black eagle, the colors of the Maiden/Madden falcon.

Suddels/Sugdens were looked up as per the Sudely castle (Gloucestershire) inhabited by early Bruggs. Sudely is COTSwolds, near WINCHcolme, in the Toques-suspect Tewkesbury part of Gloucestershire. This area was, if I recall correctly, part of Gewisse, mentioned in the last update as a possible Wassa/Gace / Wace variation, and thereby traceable to Gace at the Touques river. That works. The Lett-related Samsons (Gloucestershire) use a blue lion in Crest, symbol also of Saids/Saddle's/Sadlars (in both colors of the Louvain lion). The latter were first found in Wiltshire, near Gloucester. There is a Sudley/Sodley surname (Lett colors) said by some to be from a son of an earl of Hereford, which reminds that Herefords use the spread eagles of Chills/Childs, suspect from Cilnius Maecenas!!! Zowie.

I suppose what the above translates to is a Julius-Caesar link to Cilnius Maecenas. The latter was an advisor to Caesar's adopted son, emperor Augustus. The latter's wife was a daughter of Appius Pulcher, who was himself adopted by the family married by Servilia Caepionis, and then a Publius Pulcher, at about the time of Caesar's rise to power, is the one who raised Brugg-suspect Brogitarus to the high priesthood presiding over Cybele, a figment of his utterly-stupid imagination.

Augustus raised Annas/ANANus to the high priesthood presiding over Israel's temple (stupids everywhere), and the Annas surname has been suspect as kin to Letts and annuLETs, with Letts first found in the same place as Sudley castle. It makes Sudleys suspect as Sadducee liners. The only thing shown by Sudleys (Scottish-Bruce colors) are double bends. Suddels/Sugdens/Suddens were first found in the same place as the Yorkshire Bruce's, while the Scottish Bruce's (of Annandale, same place as the Nith) use a gold version of the ANNANdale Coat.

The Saddle's/Sadleys, highly suspect as a branch of Sudleys/Sodleys, are said to have ruled / lived at Everley (in Wiltshire, I assume), and while Ivars/Eure's share the Hanan Coat, Everleys (said to be of Everley in Yorkshire) share the goat head in the Crest of Mortons, first found in the same place as Saddle's/Sadlars. This Yorkshire link to the Wiltshire area seems to explain why the Bruce lion is used by Saddler's/Sadlars. As Mortons merged with Says, while Seatons/Sittens were in Say, the green griffin of Everleys is linkable to the green dragon of Seatons i.e. Saddle's and Sudleys are suspect as at least distant cousins of Seatons / Sudys / Sutys.

Where was I? Oh, yes, the Cilnius / Celin-suspect Kline's. Kline's are suspect with the wavy Jewish-Pollock bend on blue, if Kline's are from Clovis. A bend in the same colors is used by Garneys/Gorneys (Suffolk, same as Garnish's), whom are found in the Garnish motto term, "Garneys." This looks like the Garins/Gorings, first found in the same place (Saxony) as German Warners/Werners (Garney colors).

Aha! When reading that Warners/Werners are from the Hartz mountains, the Hartz/Herts surname (antlers) was loaded to find the dove design of Celins!!! What an excellent place to find it, AFTER writing the above. Both doves are in the same colors. Houseofnames has several dove designs, and so, you see, as they used the same design for two related surnames, they probably knew of the kinship. In the last update, Celins were suggested in the "cranCELIN" symbol of Wettins, who use the Arms of Saxony, now clinching Celins (Italians) as kin of Wettins and Hartz's/Herts' Herods? Wettins share the Morton buckle's, right?

As the red stag is called a hart by at least one surname I can't recall, while Pistols/Pesters use the red stag, by what coincidence were Celins first found in PISToia? It looks like we have found Pistoia liners in Pistols, whom are honored in the pistols of Hopkins (castle in flames), the latter first found in the same place as, and using the colors and format of, Capone's, while Pistols use the same chevron as Quints. I'm putting the Sadducee realities before you, undeniably. I have recorded that Hopkins were first found in Cambridgeshire, but that's now been changed to Oxfordshire, where Dulys' were first found that share the double bends of Sudleys, by the looks of it.

German Pesters/Pistorio's were first found in the same places, Bavaria and Saxony, as Hartz's, and use a single annulet surrounded by same-colors Zionists stars, in the colors of the same of Wassa's/Gace's...somewhat suspect with "Wettin." Wassa's are expected with Weis' of Bavaria who share roughly the Warner/Werner Crest, both suspect with the Vipont Crest (Vipont is at the Touques). The Pester/Pister annulet is colors reversed from the single, giant annulet of Vipont-related Vito's (both use annulets), while Touques' use besants traceable to Julius Avitus, who married a kin of Julius Agrippa. It could seem that the Herod-Agrippa line named the Hartz mountains, location of WERNigerode, likely origin of Warners/Werners. Isn't that identical to a Herod trace to the Varni/Varini/Warni? Yes, and that's why Wagrian-liner Wagers (Yorkshire again) share the heart with Hartz'/Herts'.

I suppose that the double bends of Sudleys can now be the bend of Warners and Warner-suspect Turins/Thurings, first found in Aberdeenshire, same as Leslie's (buckles) sharing the green griffin with Saddle-associated / Saddle-suspect Everleys.

I feel ready to trace the child(ren) of Cilnius Maecenas to the Hartz mountains. It looks very predictable, and to this one can add that the red Murena tower is suspect with the Thors/Thorns, making the latter look like a branch of Turins/Thurings, the line to Basina in Thuringia, off the southeast sides of the Hartz mountains, and on a Saale river highly suspect with the naming of Salian Franks, a good reason to trace that area to the Salto and Turano rivers of Italy. [After this update was placed online, it was found that Murena's/Moratins share the red tower with Spanish Pastors too.]

These are highly-important facts concerning Merovingian roots, yet a lot of readers might ignore these things because I call their cherished people groups, stupids. Try to make Merovingians into some cherished, super-human race of peoples, and you are definitely out of sync with reality. The most-powerful were the worst killers, that is the reality. I can only assume, though I don't like it, that God allowed the beasts of the human race to have their greedy ways, to teach humanity a lesson on what man is truly made of. Those who rebelled against their Creator, whose Spirit he made available to all people, were swallowed up by the human beasts, that being only one of the many pitfalls that beset all peoples. It's been a very sorry situation, century after century, but the modern rulers of the EU have yet to learn the lesson. STUPIDS! They go forward without God, imagining that their own tools will secure the future. And I with my family must suffer the fruits of their rebellion wholly apparent and manifest in modern society. And they are making it politically incorrect to speak against the spiritual degradation of their world, and they are re-inventing how peoples should view history. To say that life is better now that ten centuries ago is to say that the dog vomit doesn't smell as bad, but, to be perfectly real about it, the vomit smells as bad today as ever.

Did you notice that Hopkin variations look like Cabbage's (Annas lover, I reckon), first found in Northamptonshire, same place as Quint-suspect Quince's. HOPkins share red roses with COPE's and Copps. The Hopkin castle is likely the red one of Hobbens, in both colors of the Murena tower. The Hobbens then use the same chevron as Pistols / Quints. It again points to Cilnius Maecenas (married Murena), with a line through the Celins of Pistoia, a place in Tuscany. With whom in Tuscany did this line merge with? If the "primos" motto term of Hopkins is for the same entity as the "Perimus" of Caens, one could venture a trace of Caepio liners (of the Hopkin kind) to the Ceno / Taro rivers, just outside northern Tuscany.

As I trace the Jewish-Pollock bend to the one of Valentins (Veneti theater near Verona), while tracing the Valentin one to Ade's, note that the latter share three leopard FACES on their bend with Garneys. Face's/Fessys definitely honor Valentinian elements in their motto, and trace excellently to the Fiesch' Genoa, near the source of the Ceno that it self drains into the Taro suspect with the scimiTAR of Garnishes. Compare the Coat of Garneys to that of Pullens/Pulleys, a match, for while the latter use red scallops in place of the red leopard faces (of Garneys), scallops are used by Garnish's. There is a question as to whether the "grace" motto term of Garnish's can reveal their link to the Grasse associations I see with Guerin of Provence.

The similarity between the Garnish and Sodan/Sowden Coats links Garnish's to Pattersons and Kilpatricks, both of whom share drops with the Garnish scimitar. It just so happens that Kilpatricks (share green Crest with Close's/Clovse's) are from CLOSEburn, on the Nith river, where Geds>Geddes originated (about 400 AD), making the Goddes'/Godefroys in the Garnish motto suspect with Geddes'. The Sodan fesse-with-stars may be a blue version of the same of Cliffs/Cleave's (trefoil). The Garnish chevron therefore becomes linkable to the same of Close's/Clovse's, and as the latter use the spur, the "spur rowells" of Panders are evoked because Panders share the blue-on-white fesse (Garnish colors) with Sodans. As Panders bring us back to Modena, it just so happens that the Sodan Coat was resolved with the Cassius'/Casano's (Patterson kin), first found in Modena. And Modena is where trefoil-using Albino's were first found.

The Garnish Crest: "A cubit arm holding a scimitar embrued." It makes the Drops/Trope's suspect as kin of Brude's/Brights. Compare the Brude/Bright Coat that of Close's/Clove's. The "fidelis" motto term of Close's/Clovse's (share black hunting horn with Patch's) should be for Fiddle's/Fidelows (Vis-de-Loo(p)) that use wolf heads in the colors of the Goddes/Godefroy wolf. The "governe" motto term of Garnish's can be for blood-drop Gophers/Govere's sharing the Ewen/Eugene saltire. The Close/Clovse hunting horns share red strings with the Mullet hunting horn, suggesting that the three stars of Close's/Clovse's and Brights are the Mullet stars too. By what coincidence do Payens, using the Mullet mullets, call their mullets, "spur rowells"? That red-string link was not noticed until now, and it's linking Hugh de Payens (they say he was kin to the count of ChamPAGNE) to the Nith-river location of Closeburn.

A lot has been said since crossing the Even / Iver topic as it related to Euganeo. I'd like to go back to it for a few more points. Saraca's are fully expected to trace to Clovis because the fleur-de-lys is said to have been his symbol while I am satisfied that the fleur-de-lys was once the fish used, for example, by Saraca's (lived in Ragusa), an idea that was developed before discovering that Ragusa was also called, Laus (i.e. like "Lys"). There is a second Laus in Bruttium, said to be founded by peoples of neighboring Sybaris. The Saraca fish was traced to Bar-le-Duc, at the Champagne / Metz theater, and Bars happen to use the Este eagle because Bars were Este liners. In fact, Bar's of Brunswick were the Este-liner namers of Bar-le-Duc, and then the two lions in pale of Brunswicks are in the colors of the three lions in pale of Seymours. It should also be relevant that a Lys river of Aosta reportedly drains into the Bautica, a river that itself flows to Ivery-like Ivrea, and then past the Turin location suspect with fundamental Merovingian roots. I trace Godfrey de Bouillon (Flemish) to the Bautica, but I've not known the Goddes/Godefroy surname before, which shares the wolf of German Flemings in red. If you know your Templar history, you should know that Hugh de Payens was close to the immediate family of Godfrey de Bouillon.

German Barrs (hunting horns, expect links to Henry Huntingdon) share a horizontally-split Shield with Evens/Evers, both with a gold lower half, making "IVAR" suspect with "Bar." That picture suggests that Bars (from a Bar location near Kotor, the latter being where Saraca's lived prior to being in Ragusa) and Ewens/Eugene's merged so as to explain Iver-like variations listed with Evan-like variations. The Ivers show "Eure," which I think is a branch of Evreux, and therefore from Abreu's, first found in Padova i.e. location of Este and Euganeo. The two Abreu lions are in the colors of the Brunswick lions. The "AGENdo" motto term of Augers/Eagars/Each's was traced years ago to "Euganeo," but here I find that the Augers/Eagars and the Herefordshire Evans share a giant, upright, gold-on-blue lion. Herefordshire traces to Herzegovina in Dalmatia, location also of Ragusa.

Herefords are the ones with three eagles in the colors and positioning of the same of Childs. Childeric's wife is strongly expected from the CETINa river having waters washed down from Herzegovina.

Muranum at Sybaris / Pollino, also called Marano/Murenu, is suspect with the Murena's/Moratins, and Modena's Marano's/Mauritano's, another good reason to trace Merovingian elements to Muranum. It (on Lucania map) is near Kos-suspect Cosenza, the place with the potent cross. It's not very far from Campania, a place I trace to "Champagne," itself also called Campania, and the Arms of Champagne likewise use the potent feature. Champagne is not far from Marne, and the two are obviously using the same symbol. The Arms of Champagne are much like the bend of Pollino-suspect Pulleys/Pullens, which asks why Garneys / Garnish's might be kin to ChamPAGNE liners. Muranum was close enough to African Moors to predict that Merops elements were in those Moors. I suggest a trace from Massena-based Numidians to the Maezaei in early-Roman times, and from there to a merger with neighboring Venetians, and eventually to the Salian Franks through the Salyes Ligures. The Salyes are traced to the Salto river, location of Avezzano, and the potent border shared by Marne and Champagne is shared also by Avezzano's. The Salyes are suspect by others with the Saluvii, a term like the Salviae location in the Maezaei theater on the center-left this light map:

As Childeric became linked to the Crans/Crauns, whom I identified without doubt as the Ceraunii, just look and see how close Salviae is to the Ceraunii. I had read that Aeneas, who was given links to Carthaginians, was also in Epirus, location of the Ceraunii mountains (shown at the very bottom-left of the map). This makes "Aeneas" suspect with the Oeneus river on the other side of Salviae. It looks like Salian Franks were from that area. Salviae is also between the Ceraunii and the Tilurius=Cetina. As I like to point out, the Lamatis location not far from Salviae, is in the "lamh" motto term of Sullivans.

The cranCELIN symbol of Wettins must also be for Celins, whom are suggestively said to be from a Cellino location at Venice. Celins were first found in Tuscany, where Taddei's (and Bruno's) were first found that use the flory cross of Birds in colors reversed, important where the dove-like bird of Celins is simply called, a bird. The Doh's/Doe's (with Dove variation) were looked up earlier as per "agenDO," and they show the dove design of Celins. Doh's/Dove's are the ones with "Patiens" motto. Ceylon in the Cilicia theater is coming to mind.

I'd like to go back to the CANTON of Chattan-related CATTANs/Cetins. It struck me, while making that observation, that Wettins can be Cetins. In trying to load Gettins, because I'd expect Wettins to be a branch of such a surname, it was misspelled, "Ettin," which got the Eatons, first found in Cheshire, where the Wettin buckles trace. The Eaton motto term, "omnia," is like the "Omnibus" of Chattans. Eatons share the entire motto of Mohuns/Moyons, kin of Moons that seemingly share the Cetin/Catten Shield. No Gettin/Getten/Gettan/Getton/Geddon/Gedden/Geddin surname comes up. Edens once showed the same patee cross type as Samsons (neither now show it), the latter first found in the same place as Scylla-suspect Slaughter, and Scylla was an area around mount ETNA (and Patti), where Eatons and Edens (SCALlops) together were from, quite obviously.

So, a new-found thing is the Bassianus trace to Pistoia elements, a place possibly named by Bast, whom I read had a green-lion symbol...which was seen in the Close/Clovse Crest. Do we expect Uat-Buto liners in that picture? What about Botters, first found in Tuscany? What about Wettins as Uat liners along with eye-using Watts? BudaPest (Hungarian capital) is suspect with a Buto-Bast combination, and Wettins share buckles with Hungarian Leslie's (from Hungary); the latter use a green griffin that can trace to Julius Agrippa. There is a question on whether Bistones were Bast liners to Bassus'.

But the big deal is the solid Pistoia connection to Caepio liners. Why were Pistols/Pesters named after Pistoia? Did they rule it? Probably. The Arms of Pistoia share red-and-white checks on the entire Shield with the Arms of Croatia, and, as was said, these checks are used by Vairs/Fers' while the other Vairs are listed with Verona's (same place as Chappes', Levi's, and, very-importantly, the Lys surname) suspect with the fish of Saraca's, they being from Croatia. Croatia is where I trace the ancestry of Mieszko's of the mouse tower, and the Arms of Pistoia appear to be using a mice. When seeking whether the rodents are mice, I found a webpage started by a person, showing the Arms of Pistoia (large version), and making a single comment, "I am a Croat and I think it's [the Arms] beautiful." The rodents appear to be wearing black-and-white checks on their capes. The Arms of Medici use red-and-white checks.

I trace Mieszko's ancestry to Bast-like Bistue shown on the light map. His Piast ancestry was suspect also in Pisa, beside the Botters. His mythology has a Popiel in the mouse tower (got eaten my mice) before Piast the Wheelwright takes over his domain, and Pepoli's use a Shield filled with black-and-white checks. Popoli's were first found in the same place as Italian Capone's (suspect with pistol-using Hopkins, right?), and it's the Bast-like Bassets (Popoli colors) using a "populo" motto term. Bissets use the same bend as Botters, and Botters are in the motto of Clan Chattan now linking to Cetins/Cattans...from the Cetina river in Croatia. It's making sense. The Cetina was the Tilurius, which links hard to Tills / Tillers using the symbols of Vito's and Drake's, the latter sharing the red-on-white wyvern dragon with the dukes of Masovia (Poland), and Mieszko liners were in fact dukes of Poland. The Basset unicorn seems obviously the Cnut unicorn, now that Bassets are discovered as Piasts, and Danish Cnuts loved Pots / Potters.

The mouse tower's Goplo location traced to Capone-suspect Koplik=Cupionich, and this is where I think the Close surname traces, for Koplik is on the CLAUSula river. There is only one surname I know of using the mouse, and it lists Misl's while the mouse tower had one SiemoMYSL, grandson of SiemoWIT, suspect with Uat liners to Watts because the Arms of WITkowo (Poland) share the eyeball with Watts / Vatts. The latter throw in glasses as code, I am sure, for "Clausula" liners. The Clausula is not only to the near-south of Croatia, but within easy reach of the Cavii at Bassania, itself beside Lissus that, I am sure, led to the Lisse variation of Lys' so that Cavii out of Lissus are suspect at the naming of Laus(a) = Ragusa. And that's why Chappes' should be Cavii liners.

Then, we go to Visconti's because they were related to Chappes', and because they are suspect with Vito's, and take the rooster of the Sardinian Visconti's, linking it to the Kopple rooster, that being a Koplik line to Visconti's. We then go to the Wikipedia article on Dagome, an alternative name of Mieszko I, and find that someone traced his ancestry to Sardinia. We get that now, and so Visconti's at Pisa (on-shore from Sardinia) should be expected with Piast liners, and Pisa is not far from Pistoia so that one can now imagine a mouse-tower link to that place.

The Misl's list Meise's and Maisels, while Maisy's/Maze's show both motto terms ("Garde bien") of Carricks = Caracalla-Bassianus liners. There was a Maisy Mouse, cartoon character, and then, if I recall correctly, Mieszko's cup-bearer had a Mickey-like name. Here's from a 2013 update: "The Meeks were even traced to the name of Mieszko's cup-bearer, I can't recall his name, something like "Miecislaw," probably a family member."

The brown lions on the Maise/Maze bend suggest the Bars of Brunswick removed to the Moselle / Meuse theater. The Gard's are from Garda between lake Garda and the Adige river, with Verona not many miles down that river. It should be reminded that the Griffins of Pomerania were Mieszko relatives / associates, for Gards share griffins. It makes Griffins highly suspect from Julius Agrippa.

Even if the Pistoia rodents are not the Piast mice, they may have been altered to another rodent as play on both the mouse tower and some other kin. I was at the Arms of Pistoia in 2013, noting that the rodents had no tails, at least no mouse tails. I don't know of a rodent without a tail, but there are surnames using "without" features, For example, the French Masseys/Massa's, whose crescents (compare with the Meek Chief) trace well to Luna's (kin of Lamberts), and to Luni at Massa-Carrara (beside Pisa), use a "tree without leaves." Holdens, suspect with Colters sharing the Catherine wheels of WHEELWRIGHTS, use an eagle without beaks. There are some lions without one leg suspect with the Legh kin of Meschin liners. A mouse without a tail would be code for Tails/Tailors, whom traced to the Tilurius (Talls once showed the Bessin / Bistone bees). The Corks/Core's who use only tails were likely at Cork = Muskerry, what I trace to "Massa-Carrara." I can see why "Carrara" (a giant wheel) could develop into a wheel(wright) symbol in Masovia. The Carrara Shield is split vertically in colors reversed from the same of Warners/Werners who just trace to the Wernigerode location at the Hartz mountain, where Pistoia liners traced without doubt!

Mieszko's first wife, Oda, suspect later with the naming of Ottone Visconti, was of Haldensleben, less than 40 miles north of Hartz. His second wife, DOBRawa, explains why the Haldan griffin head is that also of Dobers and Dobermans. The same griffin head appears to be in play in the Meakin Crest, and the red stag heads of the Meakin Shield can be for Hartz liners, which recalls the red stag head of Colter-suspect Colts/Celts, surnames like "KOLODjiez," the mythical name the writer gave to Piast the Wheelwright. As Stewarts trace with Brocks to the Brocken mountain, it's notable that one Dole Coat shares the red stag heads. Some Meakin variations suggest the Maghen variation of Mathis-river Mathie's/Manns (partly suspect with Maccus liners off the Isle of Man). Bassania was at the Mathis. As I've read on a Dober location two miles from Koplik, it tends to assure that Mieszko's were from the Koplik elements. Therefore, the Caepio suspects in linkage with Pistols and related Hobbens / Hopkins were Piasts. One can then go to the Hipkins/Hipps, suspect with the Squirrel Coat, for there is a squirrel in the Crest of Scottish Warners (Leicestershire, home of Legh liners).

Even if the Arms of Pistoia does not display mice, I think the Piast trace to it is still good. There seems to be a short tail showing under the cape, unless that's a part of a fold in the cape. I think that, if this creature had a long tail, it would be a dead give-away for Piast mouse-tower liners on the similarity between "Pistoia" and "Piast." If they wanted to hide that trace, one way would be to give the creature no long tail. It can now be said to be something else.

Let's assume that the rodent is called by a Pist-like name. It would clearly indicate that it was chosen in word-play on "Pistoia." But even then, I wouldn't reject a trace to Piasts because Goplo mythology may have chosen the mouse as play on the Pistoia rodent as well as on "MIESZko." The Pistoia rodent (mythical creature?) is given a hoof-like paw, evidence that its true nature is being disguised. I've just found a webpage telling that the Arms of Pistoia are held by a "pair of winged genii." In this case, the rodents are replaced by "genii" that are human bodies, no rodent-like features at all, but where did the writer get the word, "genii"? Having said all that take it or leave it, this was found: "...which recall to mind the arms of Pistoia with 'the lit- tle brown bears' as supporters, illustrated in Sheldon and Newell's "Seven little Journeys in Tuscany," p. 124 (N. Y. C, 1904)." That sentence was written nearly 100 years ago. Perhaps someone only thought that they were bears due to what may be the short tail.

Why would they make a bear paw look like a hoof? If they're bears, why isn't it obvious? Is it partially a bear as part-code for Bruno liners to Brunswick and Berwickshire? Brunswick is near both Haldensleben and the Hartz range. The Bars of Brunswick were also at Bar-le-Duc at the mouse-like Moselle )Little Meuse) river, and Mieszko II married Richeza of Lorraine, at the Moselle theater. We had reason to link the Pistoia checks to Saraca's, here we find a trace to Bar-le-Duc that shares white-on-blue fish with the Arms of Saraca. Why do the Lorraine's, using the Piast eagles (same as the Chill/Child / Hereford eagles), use green lions? With Bassets resolved as Piasts, it's interesting that Besancons/Bassets can trace to Besancon, not far south of the upper-most Moselle river.

The Maccus-liner, Masci-related Machs/Macks/Make's were first found in Berwickshire, beside the East-Lothian location of the first Haldans ("Suffer" motto), same place as Moselle-suspect Musselburgh, and the Cetis- / Cetin-liner Keiths. Here's from the 5th update of January: "The Kettle's (Hamilton cinquefoils in colors reversed!) share TWO (twin theme) gold stags in Chief with the now-Keith-suspect Poppins..." It tends to trace Keiths to the mythical Popiel character. Keiths may be using the Mickle/Meikle motto; the latter share spurs and the black hunting horn with Close's/Clovse's. The Mickle/Meikle horn is in both colors of the same of Bernice's, and the latter shares the water bouget with Meeks/Meech's (brown wolf). It looks like a definite Mieszko merger with Agrippa's.

Repeat: "Some Meakin variations [such as Meighan] suggest the Maghen variation of Mathis-river Mathie's/Manns (partly suspect with Maccus liners off the Isle of Man)." The Irish Maghans are listed with Mahons but also show "Mann," and said to be from "mathuna," meaning "bear," but I never did swallow that, as stated. I did think, however, that a bear-using surname was involved with the family. Mahons may be of the Mohuns/Moyons. As Piast ancestry was undoubtedly on the Cetin, repeat: "Eatons share the entire motto of Mohuns/Moyons, kin of Moons that seemingly share the Cetin/Catten Shield." The should explain why the Maghan/Mann/Mohun Crest is the Mieske arm. The Meeks use an "IMPlear" motto term connectable to the "IMPleat" of Cetis-suspect Kidds ("orbem" motto term traces to Orba, capital of Cetis). This is a good place to repeat that Imps use the Quint (and Pistols) chevron in colors reversed.

The Micks (Silesia, part of Poland) are interesting for using what looks like the Masci fleur in the white of the Massey/Missy fleur. The Mick fleur are white-on-blue (which I claim were from the Saraca fish), used by Ragusa-suspect Raggs. The Micks use three white-on-red fesse bars, the colors of the Chalk fesse bars suspect with the Basset bars. Chalks are still suspect from Herod of Chalchis.

It looks like the Cetis-liner Bassus', apparently honored in the Haldan motto, went through the Bassianus' on the Cetina to the Polish Masovians, and from there to a merger with royal Dane's in hooking up with Sinclairs, Templars, Crusaders. And in this thing was the Caepio family with all sorts of branches likely having some of the Caepio treasure.

Psellus and Curtus

I think the Crusader mystery has been solved. There were other families all over Europe in different time periods that connect to my regular topics, but what's the use in over-elaborating? I think this hunt is coming to an end. I could go on and on finding more links, for what they might be worth, but the critical task, which I didn't at first know, has been satisfied: to find that the False Prophet will be a Mieszko / Massey liner tracing back to the same circles wherein Caiaphas and Annas were born. What I have not done yet, is to prove absolutely that Caiaphas and Annas did have blood links to the Bassus-Maccabee-Herod family into Cetis. I've pointed out circumstantial evidence for those links, but there is room for doubt. I go on, day after day, hoping to cross something that can finish this job. I have no idea how to prove the identity of the parents of Caiaphas or the mother and grandparents of Annas. Heraldry has its limitations.

So what if Chives' were from Caiaphas? I don't know that heraldry can indicate how long after Caiaphas the Chives' were formed. Were they formed 20 years, or 1200, after Caiaphas? It's important, obviously, for finding the right surnames to get a better grasp on who his parent(s) may have been. I decided to look up "Parent" just now to find one Parent surname first found in Picardy, same as Chives- / Ceva-suspect Cavetts, and as Ceva was ancestral to FitzAlans, by what coincidence do English Parents share the red-on-white footless martlets of French Alans? The Birds use these martlets too, but again, everything is foggy as to how close any Caiaphas-related surname gets back to his time period.

One can only guess that, if they knew who Caiaphas' mother was, a descendant might use "Mother" as their surname. It's not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. Might another descendant use "Parent"? Mothers are listed with Mathers/Maiders sharing the stars of French Alans, and first found near Tarves, where a branch of Chives' lived. The Maiders remind me of the maidens in the Suddel/Sugden Chief, which, for some reason, had struck me as a version of the Joseph Chief even though there is no real evidence. Sometimes I can "see" things like that. Were Suddels / Sudleys the Sadducees at Caiaphas' mother? Sudleys were accessed from the Sudely castle in the write-up of Brogitarus-suspect Bruggs.

As the French Josephs once showed the swan design now showing in the Seller Crest, but what coincidence do Mothers/Mathers use a "CELERiter" motto term?

Suddels/Sugdens share a leopard face in the colors of the same of Levi-beloved Aids, and the Sugden Crest has a lion head in colors reversed from the same of Levi-beloved Chretiens. The one Sugden fesse is in the colors of the two used by Mothers/Mathers, and two fesse bars (gemel) trace to Gamala (Israel), where there was a Gaulonite, friend or relative of Sadduc, according to Josephus. Sadduc, he said, was a Pharisee. If I recall correctly, Josephus was a ruler in Gamala at the time of the Roman invasion, when he was put in charge of some armies. The Joseph-related Chaplains once showed one chevron in the colors of the Mother/Mather fesses, but now show two, seemingly a match.

While I have traced Alans to Forum Allieni, I was lucky to discover that this was the name of proto-Ferrara in a period that covered 70 AD. What I did from there was to assume that proto-Alans of Dol were close to the family of some Pharisees into the Ferrara area after the Romans destroyed Jerusalem. But the possibility is that the children of Caiaphas, one of whom may have been Josephus' mother for logical reasons, were linked to the Alans at Allieni. A thing I did not do was to leap further and assume the possibility that Alans were at Caiaphas' parents. Might not Pharisees have named Perrins (Aid leopard faces in colors reversed) who then named Parents? The Mother/Mather fesse is in the colors of the same of English Dole's, whose billet border traces to the Billets, first found in the same place as French Josephs. That's two Mother trace's to French Josephs so far, and one feasibly to English Josephs.

Don't ask me how I knew, if correct, but the theory at the time had been that Trypillians had joined the Alan-Pharisee merger. Later, I got stuck on the Angusta location (Trypillian theater) as the possible birthplace of Annas' ancestry, and noted that VRM, count on Angusta, is like "FORUM." I realize that "Forum" may have been an adjective meaning nothing in the realm of surnames, and yet "Forum" may have been something else beforehand. Without going into the reasons again, I feel confident that Formans/Forhams, Firmins, and Worms are from Forum Allieni. But why would any surname develop from "Forum" if it only means, forum?

I've never focused on Alan / Sarmatian Huns possibly at the parent(s) of Caiaphas. The Alan Huns were very aggressive. The Alans were from Caucasia, in easy reach of Persians that may have named Pharisees. The Alans lived between Soducena and the Sittaceni of Maeotis, and Alans were up the Maeotis way. The Sarmatians may even have produced the Sarasins, first found in Brittany.

But the problem persists, that heraldry is limited. It offers clues, but not the whole story. Here's on the father of Josephus:

Matthias came from a wealthy family and through his father he descended from the priestly order of the Jehoiarib, which was the first of the twenty four-orders of Priests in the Temple in Jerusalem. He was the son born to Josephus and his wife, an unnamed Jewish noblewoman [she could have been Caiaphas' daughter]. The parents of Matthias were distant relatives. Matthias' mother was a descendant of Josephus' paternal great grandfather, Simon Psellus. His paternal grandparents were Matthias Curtus and his unnamed Jewish wife.

Josephus' ancestry, according to his own words, was from Simon Psellus, father of Matthias Ephlias, whom Wikipedia says was also styled, "Matthias of Ephesus," strangely enough. Was that a link to the "essenes" bee cult of Ephesus, and did the Essenes proper of Israel come from that? According to Wikipedia's view, which is exactly what Josephus said (if his works had not been tempered with), Matthias was father to Mathias Curtus (said to be named after a hunchback, but I'm not biting), father of Josephus, father of yet another Matthias (dated 6 -70 AD), father of Flavius Josephus the traitor, murderer and Roman historian. In this picture, the third Matthias may have been married to a sister / daughter of Joseph Caiaphas. Was Joseph Caiaphas the first Josephus above? The dating is right. "Josephus followed his paternal ancestors and served as a Priest in the Temple in Jerusalem. Josephus married an unnamed Jewish noblewoman."

At page eight / nine in this website, Matthias Ephlias, in Josephus' word, was "of Epheus / Ephaiou." The meaning was not told, and I don't know why we're seeing "Ephlias." Offaly bloodline?

The genealogy tree below throws in three extra characters in Josephus' ancestry because it has Ephlias married to a daughter of Jonathan Maccabee, brother of the original five, stretching the ancestry back far enough that more characters are needed, in-between, than Josephus offered:

. Here's Josephus' words translated: my mother I am of the royal blood; for the children of Asamoneus, from whom that family was derived, had both the office of the high priesthood, and the dignity of a king, for a long time together. I will accordingly set down my progenitors in order. My grandfather's father was named Simon, with the addition of Psellus: he lived at the same time with that son of Simon the high priest, who first of all the high priests was named Hyrcanus. This Simon Psellus had nine sons, one of whom was Matthias, called Ephlias: he married the daughter of Jonathan the high priest, which Jonathan was the first of the sons of Asamoneus, who was high priest, and was the brother of Simon the high priest also. This Matthias had a son called Matthias Curtus, and that in the first year of the government of Hyrcanus: his son's name was Joseph, born in the ninth year of the reign of Alexandra: his son Matthias was born in the tenth year of the reign of Archclaus; as was I born to Matthias in the first year of the reign of Caius Caesar. I have three sons: Hyrcanus, the eldest, was born in the fourth year of the reign of Vespasian, as was Justus born in the seventh, and AGRIPPA in the ninth. Thus have I set down the genealog of my family as I have found it described (2) in the public records...

Why did Josephus name a son, Agrippa? Josephus' gives the birth dates of Curtus (134 BC) and the latter's son, Joseph (68 BC), 66 years apart (if historians have their dating correct). Then, Joseph's son, Matthias, has a birthdate of 6 AD, when his father is well more than 70 years old. I think Josephus was a squirrel who can't be trusted. If anything can be trusted, it's the names of his father and grandfather. It's on the doubtful side that he would cater his ancestry falsely to those two names. With his father born in 6 AD, Joseph is expected with a birthdate of about 20-25 BC. That could be Joseph Caiaphas. But if it was Caiaphas, why would Josephus not say so? I don't know, but Josephus pushes Joseph's birth back to the ninth year of queen Alexandra (see family tree above).

We have two surnames, Psellus and Curtus, to explore. Perhaps the most-striking find is the tiger in the Ceely/Seely Crest, a surname obtained from the write-up of Sillys/Sullys saying that they had an early Ceely branch.

The Curtis', with the same fesse as Mothers/Mathers, use a farmer with a plowshare over his shoulder, and Plows/Ploughs share the white-on-blue fleur with the Mather-possible Dole's. The plowSHARE must be code for Share liners that include Sheriffs, first found in the same place as Curtis'. Irish Curtis' (fesse bars in Mather-fesse-bar colors) look linkable to Alans and Stewarts. The Coeurs, in Curtis colors and first found in Brittany, list a Le Court surname (and similar) that can apply.

Josephus' grandmother was born about the same time as Caiaphas, and she was descended from a Seller-like Psellus surname while French Josephs use the swan design of Sellers. And swans trace to lake Sevan, location of a Soducena entity. And while Sadducees are expected to be a branch of the namers of Cetis and the Cetina, the latter traced to surnames in Herefordshire, which includes SELLicks, who happen to share the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Vilains, the latter suspect from Vilaine, the area of Brittany where Dol is found. There is cause to trace the Psellus family, perhaps even its ancestry, to the Selletae Thracians. While the Seller cups are expected with the same of Pilate-liner Pilotte's and Pellets, the Sale's/Salette's could be using the Pilate pheon.

The Shield-and-Chief color combination of Vilains is shared by Tanners, whom can be from the Tanais river, location of the Alans, and pouring into Maeotis i.e. the Sittaceni theater. The Mathers, although suspect first of all with Mattathias liners to the Mathis river, and therefore connectable to the Chives moline, may have been named ultimately after Maeotis liners. The Mather-suspect Madariaga's (same stars as the Mather Chief) use half besants so that they can trace to Bassania near the mouth of the Mathis. This is not a whim, for while a Mr. Madariaga was a close kin of Javier Solana, the latter's sun and solar theme may have been from the sun god of Julius Bassianus. The other half of the Madariaga roundels (of the Alan-related Arundels, right?) are red = torteaux, suspect with the Toreatae peoples from lake Maeotis.

If the first-known Hasmonean, Mattathias, was a Maeotis liner, it can explain Alans and Sittaceni in the Maccabee fold. The GOMERians of the Maeotis area may have named QUMRan, supposed home of the Jewish sect, Essenes (definitely not the proto-Christians). Hesse's/Hessens use the giant sun too. It may mean that Essene liners named modern Has (Cavii theater), near the Gabuleum (Cavii theater) on the ancient maps that should have been part of El-Gabal.

The Sellicks come up as "Sellas," and their Chief with pierced stars is in the colors of fesse-with-fret of Sells'/Silles'. A fret is probably a MASCLE, or set of mascles, drawn up with a saltire, making these surnames suspect with Sale's and Saltire's, two kin of Meschins/MASCULine's, who are a branch of FERTE-Mace.

There is a way to link Mothers/Mathers, by way of their blue scallop, to the same of Sodans/Sowdens, suspect for the first time, in this update, with newly-found Suddens/Sugdens. As Sodans are kin of Cassius'/Casano's, it's notable that the double Mother fesses are colors reversed from the same of Bernice's. The Mather scallop thus gets us to Sadducee suspects, and it just so happens that Mothers/Mathers were first found in KinCARDINEshire while the Chadock write-up traces that surname to ancestry in the Cawarden variation of Cardine's, themselves sharing a pheon with, and a bend in colors reversed from, the Sale's/Salletts (same place as Cardine's)! CAWardens are suspect with the Cowie's of Kincardine (near the Chives' of Tarves), and the Covie variation suggests that they are using the Covert fesse in colors reversed, which recalls the English Court surname (Mather colors) is also "Covert"!!! Amazing "coincidence." Coverts/Courts (said to be from a Covert location in Normandy) share the black, spread eagle with Cowie's. I think what this does is to reveal CARDine's as a branch of "Court / Cort."

Coverts were first found in the same place as Saddocks and Herod-suspect Coopers. The Covert surname has thereby acted huge in proving a Mother/Mather trace to the Curtus surname of Josephus' priestly ancestry. Note that the Covert write-up happens to mention "the French courts" as apparent code for the Court variation of Coverts. It's probably no coincidence that Farmers share three gold objects (hunting horns) and a red-on-white fesse with Cowie's, for the Curtis' use a farmer with plowshare! That is huge, tending to prove that both Curtis and Coverts were from Mr. Curtus Priest (so to speak).

I can glean that Farmers/FERMers (red stag heads suspect with Herods of the Hartz kind) are using the Futter/Foty fesse, for Futters were accessed from the motto of Fullers (FERMiora futura), first found in the same place as Sellicks, and perhaps using three fesses in the colors of the Silly/Cele chevrons for a reason. When this paragraph was written, the Curtus-like Jordans below were not yet brought to topic, and so let's add here that Jordans share the same fesse as Futters (in the colors of the Fuller fesse).

The red stags of Farmers, in being shared by Colts/Celts that trace to Mont Pilate, and the white pheons shared between Cawardens and Pilate's, suggest that Farmers/Fermers were of the Firminy location near Mont Pilat. It is a virtual certainty that this picture should link to Firmins and Formans, therefore.

There is more, for while I wrote at length about Miss. Covert, a long-time emailer, I claimed that her surname, along with those of her husbands, could prove important in my work, and here I find that the double fesse bars of Mothers/Mathers are colors reversed from the same of Maness/Manners (share red Chief with Mens and Glennys). She married a Mr. Maness, and then, zowie, Maness'/Manners share a red Chief and two blue fesse bars with Formans/Forhams! Formans even share footless martlets with Coverts, and moreover share the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mens'. And while Manners are in the write-up of Mens', I traced the latter to Glenns and Glennys, both sharing black footless martlets with French Josephs. Glenns / Glennys were suspect with Gaulonites of Gamala, itself suspect in the double fesse bars gemel of Formans, Manners, and Mathers! The first time that a Mens trace to Glenns was attempted, due to the Glenyon location of Mens, I learned that Mens were from Kincardineshire and/or its Cowie location. I don't recall how that worked, but it looks correct and meaningful here.

Footless martlets must also be code for Martels, and they share the same crowns (same colors) as Curtis'.

Whether or not the Formans were of Forum Allieni, they are definitely working into this Curtus picture. As Formans/Forhams can produce Fore-like surnames, or the "Forward" motto of BalFOURS, note that the latter's chevron, and their early Fife location, can identify them with the chevron of Fothes' (beside Fife). As the "forward" motto term is used by Seatons while the latter share "hazard" with Sutys, the wavy fesse bars of Sutys/Sideys seem linkable to the same of Formans. We thereby bring another Sadducee-line suspect into the picture. Fore's (Herod Coat?)are listed with Forez', from a Forez-mountain area smack to the west side of Firminy! And, no kidding, the Sutys'/Sideys were first found in PERTHshire (beside Fife), same as the Pilate-related Colts/Cults, while one of two peaks at Mont Pilate is PERDrix. I couldn't possibly fool you by forcing Pontius Pilate into the discussion like this by my sly wits alone. You can witness for yourself how naturally Pilate's are fitting into the train of symbolism. Suty-related Side's (tiger) were first found in Fife, and are said to have served the earls of Fife.

The FOOTless martlets of Coverts are for Foots and Fothes'/Fudes', who proved fundamental a week or two ago with Caiaphas-suspect lines. Lets also mention the "Fide" motto term of Cawardens, for Fido's are listed with Fothes'. "FootLESS" looks like part-code for Less', especially as Leslie's were first found in the same place as Cowie / Kincardine and the Fothes'. The Less boar head is colors reversed from the same of Cowie's, no surprise, but with all of the fesse bars, partly in blue, creeping into the discussion, it's safe to say that Caiaphas-suspect Cavetts/Chavo's/Cheve's (bars in Parr-bar colors) are likely a branch of Cowie's. Fidelows/Fiddle's share the wolf head with Cawardens while "Fide" looks like a branch of Vito's (annulet in the colors of the Fidelow wolf heads), and therefore from Julius Avitus. This indicates that Leslie's were merged with an Avitus line, explaining the Leslie buckles as they link to the same of Vito-like Wettins. The idea that Wettins were Vito liners is solid.

Coverts were traced to Saxe's ("FIRMum"), and Wettins are said to be at the root of Windsors, the latter otherwise called, Saxe-Gotha and Coburg. Miss Covert claimed to have a father that was descended from a "kaiser Coffert" (Germany), but I could not find such a person. If he's real, then, being a German emperor by another name, he was possibly related to Saxe-Gotha and Coburg. Note how the latter term is like "Covert," suggesting that Coburgs can trace to "Curtus."

Saxe's use the partridge, an old symbol of mythical PERDIX, like the Perdrix peak at Mont Pilat. As the Maider variation of Mothers/Mathers can be a branch of Maidens/Maddens, wasn't it a Dave Madden that played the manager of the Partridge Family television show? Might PARtridge's/Patridge' (black-and-white checks) be a branch of Parrs and/or Perts/Petts?

Compare the Manus'/Maniss'/Manners to Coffers and Saxe's. As the Enotri peoples of Saracena (Bruttium) were traced well to Levites out of Laish, it's notable that Simsons, sharing the three crescents in the Saxe Chief, use a "NUTRior" motto term. This makes Simsons well linkable to Samsons (from Sicily's Saracens), and moreover English Simsons share the Sam/Sammes lion, apparently, which itself shares drops with the Jones lion...while Shirley Jones played mom on the Partridge Family. David Cassidy played the lead singer while Cassidys were first found in FERMANagh, where Marone's (share white boar head with Cassidys) were first found that can be of the Morano/Muranum location near Saracena. Cassidys might be a branch of the Cassane's listed with Irish Pattersons, who likewise use drops on their lion, and it's the Patterson scallops that trace to the same of Sodans/Sowdens, the ones that I thought to be linkable to Mothers/Mathers/Maiders. Manders use a "laus" motto term suspect with Laus, founded by peoples of Sybaris, on the Sybaris river, location of Morano/Muranum.

Curtis' use a farmer with plowSHARE over his SHOULDER, while it's obvious on two counts that the Maness'/Manners are kin of gemel-bar Parrs...who use a woman's head and SHOULDERs codework. Plus, Miss Covert married secondly a Mr. SURbrook, whom may have been a branch of SHARE's/Shers/Shire's / Shurbrooks/Sherbrooks. Again, Curtis' look like they share the Sheriff/SHIREff Shield, and the Share's/Shire's (= Carrick branch) can be traced by their fitchee to the similar, same-colored cross of Schere's/SCHERFs, while Miss Covert married firstly a Mr. Dein whose sister (if I recall correctly, it was his sister) married a Scheriff surname from Long Island, suspect there with Hitler's Nazi's (from George Herbert Scherff. The neo-Nazi's / white supremacists under Charles Mangel were suspect with Joseph Mengele (Nazi), but isn't that surname much like the Managan/Mangan variations of Mannix's?

What does it mean that the Curtus family of Israel's Maccabees should evolve into Nazi's? Maccabees trace to king Maccus, whose family ruled the MANX peoples on the Isle of Man. Was "Nazi" a secret version of "Mazi." By what coincidence did Hitler form an alliance with Mussolini, whose surname is like some variations of Mazzi's? The Bassianus trace to Julians whose cross is much like the Nazi swastika, and, moreover, the Hiedlers/Hitlers (SUN), who share a horizontally-split Shield with Coburgs, share the same stars as French Julians. Coburgs were first found in the same place (Thuringia) as the Bassianus line to Basina.

I think there has been found a certain trace of the Curtus Maccabees to the Court surnames, one of which is listed with Coeurs and used both a sinister bend (Masci-liner symbol) and besants. The Courts/Coverts use gold ermine on black, called "pean" for Peans/Payens), shared by Masci-liner Hamon(d)s (SUN). I had gleaned a trace of Hitler's mother (Miss Polzl) to Maschi's by other methods, before knowing of the Hamon trace to pine-cone Maschi's and Cone's / Conte's. Hitler's nephew lived on Long Island beside the Scheriff family above. The Shurbrooks share gold-on-red stars with French Courts (look like they use a version of the Mullet Coat), first found in the same place (Languedoc) as French Conte's. The "Vi" motto term of Shurbrooks, and their blue vair fur shared with Quints, makes them (i.e. Carrick liners from the Saracena family of names) suspect as kin of Chives'.

Behold. I've just tried for a Curtain surname, not realizing at first that it can trace with Crotons to Crotone, beside Muranum. This can identify Crotone with the Curtus Maccabees. Crotone is between the Sybaris-Pollino and Catanzaro regions. Croton was one of the suspects in the crutch theme of potent-cross liners. As Crutch's were viewed with Creusa, who was a representative of Agrigento/Acragas, note that while I trace Anchors to the Arms of Agrigento, the Irish Curtains/Crutins may be using a version of the Anchor Coat. Mythical Creusa thus becomes suspect as a branch of the namers of Crotone (Bruttium). This has excellent potential to trace Crotone to the Irish-Scot Cruithne/Cruithen peoples, who are said to be as C-Celt version of the P-Celt "Pretani," excellent, for the Pretani were the Brits...from Bruttium, right? Therefore, Britain was apparently named after the Bruttii at Crotone.

What this effectively reveals is that British-Israelism is a reality, tracing, not to the lost 10 tribes, but to Maccabees and likely the killers of Jesus. The "Christian "Identity" movement, where white supremacists claim to be from Israelites, can apply.

Susan Dey played a part in the Partridge Family while Dee's share a "labore" motto term (almost) with Courts/Coverts. English Dee's, and its Dee river, were first found in the same place as Creuse's/Croux's. Cruise's, in Courtney colors, use stars in colors reversed from the same of French Courts. Creuse's were first found in the same place (Cheshire) as Riters/Rutters, suspect in the "celeRITER" motto term of Coverts/Courts. The Seller surname was mentioned in two updates in this month before coming to the Mother/Mather topic, and the discovery that Greats and Seals (same wolf head as SCARFs) together trace to the Masonic Great Seal of the United States has been a fairly-recent topic (within the last few months). Let's not forget the Celly/Seely tiger, code for Tigranes Maccabee. There is a German Sell(er) surname with Zionist star and annulets.

We expect Psellus and Curtus liners to stick together throughout history, and Seals share the wolf head of Scarfs (same place as Seal-branch Sailers) while Scheriffs were first found in the same place (Gloucestershire) as Curtis'. Seals and Curtis' use fesses in colors reversed from one another. As Sellers and their expected kin link to Hebrons, Eschol-valley liners are expected too, and that can be of the "shoulder" term used by Curtis'. The Schultz's/Scholz's, that is, sharing the same quadrants as Chives', might be a Schole branch. It's a plowSHARE that's over the shoulder of the Curtis farmer, you see, which seemingly explains the inclusion of Scarfs and Sheriffs within their circle of regular kin.

Cretans (the peoples), suspect in "labor" terms, can trace to the Cruithne, but, if correct that Cretans were involved, it asks how the Curtus Maccabees may have been Cretan liners. This is not out of the question because Caiaphas and Annas ancestry traced well to Carthaginians. Mythical Perdix, whose name means "partridge" in Greek, was, they say, a form of DAEdalus, Cretan owner of the LABYRinth. I traced Perdix to BERRY, France, at a CHER region. English Berrys use a "labore" motto term. As Char(d)s use the partridge, they can be Share liners. An alternative to tracing Chards/Charts (share a black dog with Carricks) to Share / Caracalla liners is to trace to CARTHage, but then Caracalla's father (SEVERus) was from north-Africa. While Seals are suspect with the fesse of Bernice's/Burnes' ("perSEVERanti"), Chards/Charts look like they use a version of the Burn Coat, together displaying forms of the Close/Clovse chevron, itself in the colors of the Scarf chevron. As Caracalla is said to have chosen that name due to his cloke, note the Cloce variation of Close's/Clovse's. Scarfs were first found where Caracalla became the emperor. I don't think it's coincidental that CLOSEburn is on the Nith river, home of Geds that trace well to "Geta," the north-African ancestry of Caracalla, and the name of Caracalla's brother.

It can't be another coincidence that German BERRYs ("Fidus") share fish heads with Geddes'. Half the griffin head in the English-Berry Crest is that of Dobermans, for yet another trace to the Clausula. Dober-related Haldans were first found in the same place (Midlothian) as Creightons/Crichtons, feasible Carrick / Crag liners. One half of the Craigie Coat reflects a part of the Close Coat, while the other half can be the Alexander Coat, for Alexanders were first found off-shore from where Carricks and Craigie's were first found.

The Scarf wolf heads link well, in this picture, to the same of Fiddle's because Close's use a "FIDELis" motto term. The latter share the five-pointed crown in the Mathie Crest. The possibility that Close's are Clausula-river liners is supported by my trace of Fortuna's / Fortune's to that river, for Close's use a "Fortis" motto term, What do we suppose the "Fortiter" motto term of Mathers might represent? The Fiddle's are said to have a "right hand" holding a garland, but Garlands (Perthshire) use a garland while calling it a chaplet, same as Septons suspect with Septimius Severus (Caracalla's father). Garlands use three pale BARs in colors reversed to the three fesse BARs of English Berrys. If the garland were once called a wreath, it's notable that Wreaths are listed with an obvious branch of the Cree's/Craith's/Creights below. Irish Berrys use bars gemel, shared by Wassa's, making the Wreaths/Craiths suspect with a one-bar version of the Washington Coat. German Berrys share the Weis/WISE / Wies Crest, and Fiddle's are from VIS-de-Lou. Weis'/Wise's may be using a version of the Coeur/Court Coat.

Courtneys are said to be from a Roman character, of Gaulish mixture, by the name of Curtenus. They use torteaux in colors reversed from the besants of Cree's/Craiths/Creights/Craws, the latter looking like they use a version of the Curtain/Crutin Coat! Excellent. It's also the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mens' / Glennys. I'm wondering whether the Curtains are using the Gore/Core crosslets because they are branches, in which case Curtains (first found in Cork while Corks list "Core") can be a branch of the namers of Chora on potent-suspect Patmos. The Rae variation of Cree's makes this picture look like Cronus and Rhea on Crete. I'm seeing Curetes of Crete linked to things at the Dodecanese islands beside Patmos.

Sailers/Salers use a COTISed fesse, as well as putting a rare "a gold collar gemel" on their Quade wolf head. It should now be clear from the Quade wolf heads in use by Seals and Sailers that Psellus liners merged with the line of Quadratus Bassus, and so, once again, let me say that Maccabees ruled Gamala. As Josephus went over to the family of Titus, by what coincidence do Collars share the Moor head with Titus'? Or, as Titus was the grandson of VesPASian Polla, was the Pasi line suspect with her name the reason for "PSellus."

Should we be looking to Pessel-like surnames, or the Pestel variation of Pistols? Can Wessels (drops) apply? After all, Vestalis was the son of Cottius while the cotised fesse of Sailers should be code for the Cottius line. Wessels, I've just realized, share the white horse (no hooves on the ground) of German Riters while the Psellus-suspect motto term (of Mathers) is "celeRITER." And the Mather scallop can then be the Aurelia scallop in colors reversed, especially as the Aurelia scallop is in the colors of the same of mallets while English Riters/Rutters (Wissel colors) use a "Melitae" motto term. French Mallets use nothing but three buckles in colors reversed from the Wettin buckles, now asking whether Wettins were Wess(el) liners. While German Wettins use a CRANcelin, and while Crans/Crauns use a crane gorged with a crown around its neck (possible collar theme for a reason), Mallets use "deer's head ducally gorged".

The Wessels/Wastells are said to use doves, and they're given collars. The Wessel/Wastel Chief has "a horse in full gallop." Gallops use the motto, "Be bolde, be wyse." The Mather motto is translated, Boldy and quickly. The Rutter variation of English Riters can get to the Rutlands and related Rutherfords sharing the Aurelia-suspect "orle."

The "right hand" of Fiddle's has me asking whether Rite's/Rights are in code, and whether they were a branch of Riters, for the one Rite/Right/Wright Coat looks like a possible version of the Mother/Mather Coat, both sharing double fesse bars in colors reversed. As the right hand is the dexter hand, Dexters ("weights" in Crest) may have formed from Deck liners when merging with Rite liners, for Dexters use double chevrons in the colors of the double Rite fesses (called "bars"). Note that while the Arms of Traby are suspect with 666 lovers along with Dexters (kin of Weights that share the Traby hunting horn), Scottish Rite's/Wrights (Piast-Wheelwright liners, right?) share the white feather with the Arms of Traby. The Traby/Sadowski surname is the one with the SCARF fashioned as a 'Q' as likely code for Quade's, making SADOWski's suspect as Sadducee liners.

It occurred to me, after writing the paragraph above, that the Feather surname may have developed a Father variation for a reason. Feathers/Fathers happen to share the colors and format of Sellers suspect in the Mother motto, "CELERiter." This can indicate that Mothers/Mathers/Madors were from Matthias, Josephus' father (a priest at Jerusalem). It just so happens that while an EU-important Mr. MADARiaga was closely related to Javier Solana (previous NATO chief), Solana's/Sole's and Fetters share the giant sun. Solana's use a border feature of red wolf heads, perhaps the Fiddle wolf heads. Feathers/Fathers were first found in the same place as Rutland-suspect Rodhams/Rodans and the related Stevensons sharing the bend of Valentins. The latter are likely of the "Valens et volans" motto of Feathers/Fathers (Valentin / Stevenson / Rodham colors).

Alexanders have expected to be from the Alexander-named Maccabees. For example, Glaphyra Archelaus married Alexander Maccabee, and they had a son, Alexander, father of Tigranes suspect in the Ceely/Seely tiger. But here is the Curthose/Shortus surname using what looks like a version of the Alexander Coat. The Curthose/Shortus Coat may even be a version of the Travis/TRAVER Coat, the latter sharing a white tiger in Crest with Ceelys/Seelys! Trevors/Trefors (sinister split), expected as Seller kin, were first found in the same place as Sellicks/Sellas'.

The Travis/Travers write-up traces the family to NATEby, in Travers, and meanwhile Travis' are in Natt/Nathan colors (Saddock-kin suspects). Moreover, the Nettle's seemingly apply because they share the Biss Crest while Biss' share the Travis / Nateby scallops (colors reversed from the Curthose scallops). The Nateby Crest shares a black lion paw with the Quint Crest, and throws in a "bird bolt," connectable to the "bold" term above.

The paw can be code for Paws, perhaps a branch of Powys', for the Travers/Trevors are expected as a branch of the Welsh Trevors, and Powys is in Wales. The Powys surname shares the bear paw of Bellino's in colors reversed, and then Bellino's (and Belli's) were first found in Travis-like Treviso (Tarvisium). That works. There was some expectation that Tarvisium was from Tarpodizus in Thrace, near the Selletae. This is now getting excellent, for I know that the Cabyle location beside the Selletae modified to the Capelli surname, which, without the capital, is like "Ephlias." In any case, Cabyle is on the Tonzus river while a Tonso surname happens to be listed with SHIRT-using Tous'/Tosini's. It means that Shirts / Shorts can be Curthose/Shortus liners, and therefore from Matthias Curtus.

Note on the dark map that, down-river from Tarpodizus, there is a Bird-like BURTudizum location, for Birds list "Burd." Birds/Burds use the Bouillon flory in colors reversed, and the Bouillon motto is for the Belli's.

Plus, when Cabyle liners traced without question to Capelli's and Buttons/Bidens, they also linked to Kaplans and Chaplains, kin of Josephs!!! So, it looks like Josephs were Josephus liners knowingly, and the Kaplan griffin becomes suspect with Agrippa, son of Josephus, whose descendant may have named Julius Agrippa in about 150 AD.

Aha! I didn't recall until re-loading Shirts/Sherards (torteaux) that they have a peacock in Crest. Their "inVIDia" motto term should be for Julius Avitus, who married the family (round-about) of Julius Agrippa, and may have been descended from it. As Shirts share the red roundel with Ore's, the "honORI" motto term looks like code for Ore's, kin of Orells (same place as Travis'), the Orells suspect with a version of the Saxon/Septon Coat using CHAPLets, a term likely from Capelli's, and, moreover, to no surprise now, Chaplets use black-on-white swans, the symbol once showing for French Josephs. Therefore, the Maccabees had merged, very apparently, with a line from the Selletae at Cabyle, the line that Josephus descended from. For my purposes, this is a monumental piece of discovery due to the hardness of the reliability.

This all reminds me of what I claimed to be a super Sign, when a dead squirrel was found in the POCKET of my SHORTS last year. That is now linkable to the Shirts, for while Pockets (Brittany) are listed with POUCHERs, German Paws (Shirt kin, right?) are also "PAUKER," and moreover share a red-on-white chevron with Shirts. The reliability just got harder.

The Shirt / Paw chevron (colors reversed from the Seller chevron) is used by Burts/Birts, in the colors of the three chevrons of Sillys'/Sullys/Cele's. Burts throw in black hunting horns shared in the same spots by Burns, thereby linking Burts (suspect with Burtudizum) to Berenice Agrippa, mate of Josephus' savior (Titus). Plus, the Arms of TARPo-like Trabys, whom are highly suspect with Trevors (because Tudors share the Traby feathers), use black hunting horns too. The river (looks like "Tairus" but I can't be sure) between Tarpodizus and Burtudizum goes through the land of the Samaei to the Contadesdus river, which is either the Ergines river (on the light map), or a tributary thereof, traced fairly recently to the Organs / Corrigans in the "organ pipes" of Letts, first found in the same place as Samsons ("letho"). It should be added that the Trevor lion is colors reversed from the Sam/Sammes lion, and that the Sam lion shares DROPs with the lion of WELSH Jones', who can be expected from "Jonathan."

Shorts use a giant griffin in the colors of the griffin heads in the Kaplan Chief, which are in the colors of the Joseph-Chief garbs, the latter used by Wessels (German-Kaplan colors in Chief) along with blue doves (I'm sure they were once called swans). While the Wessel Crest is said to use a blue dove, it's black in the page showing it, meaning that, if they were swans, Wessels are revealed as Kaplan kin i.e. linked to the Cabyle > Josephus line. The Wessel Chief shares drops with Drops/Trope's (same place as Burts), and the Drop lion thereby becomes suspect with the Whistle/Wissel lion. We still want to know whether Wessels were from "Psellus." Pistols/Pestels, remember, linked to Quints, very important where Cottius liners were suspect in Caepio > Caiaphas' ancestry, but let's remind that Caepio's are expected from Cuppae, city of doves.

Blue doves are used by George's, first found in the same place (Dorset) as Shorts. The Kaplan Crest has a crown around the griffin's neck, a feature called, "gorged." The George-Crest talbot is said to be "gorged with a gold collar dancette." Dancettes are likely code for Dance's, first found in the same place (Piedmont) as Saluzzo, and Saluzzo's use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Kaplans, expected where Saluzzo was named by Selletae liners. We are therefore seeing Curtus suspects of the Short kind linking to Psellus suspects. English Dance's use an embattled fesse while Battle's share a gold and giant griffin with Shorts. The black horse head in the Dance Crest is used by Bute's/Butts, and the latter share gold-on-blue estoiles with of Shorts.

It dawns on me that the Schort variation of Shorts could have named Skorzeny, Hitler's bodyguard, the one who revealed on his deathbed confessions that George Herbert Scherff was CIA director, and future U.S. president, George Herbert Walker Bush.

The Sherard/Sherret variations of Shirts can indicate Irish Jordans/Shurtans, and it just so happens that the latter share a black-on-white fesse with Sells'. French Jordans/Danons (same place as Coeurs/Courts) share the fesse in the colors of the same of Dance's, and as Alans share the red fesse with Jordans/Danons (Brittany), it looks like the Dol Alans trace to Matthias Curtus. Not only do English Jordans (rock) use a giant and upright lion in the colors of the giant and upright Short griffin, but it's the Ferrari lion, recalling the proto-Alans that I see in proto-Ferrara. English Jordans were first found in the same place as the Clare's sharing three red chevrons with Sillys/Cele's.

This looks good enough that I should abandon the trace of Shurtan liners to "Sardinia." However, I traced Fountains to Sardinia's Piscinas location, beside SULCIS, highly suspect with "Seleucus," and here I find a "PerCUSSa" motto term with two Jordan surnames, including the Shurtans, important because Cuss' use roundels (code for FitzALANs of Arundel) that are called, fountains. Jonathan Maccabee, the one to which Josephus said he traced, merged with a Seleucid king, Alexander BALAS, the one probably responsible for the Alexander names amongst Maccabees, but note, too, the Maccabee name, AristoBULUS. The Swallows, honored in the swallows of Arundels, share a black-on-white fesse with Jordans/Shurtans. The "dine" term buried in the Arundel motto might be of the Dinara area on the Cetina.

Swallows and Swale's are possible Sell liners. Suells/Sewels use bees around a chevron all reflecting the Travis and Nateby Coats. The Shovels/Showls/Shoulers, using the chevron, colors and format of Sellers, are like the Shewel variation of Sewels. Curthose's/Shortus' are the ones looking like they use a version of the Alexander Coat, both with white crescents (in Mott-crescent colors) and a white chevron, shared thirdly by Shovels/Showls. However, I'm not sure whether Shovels apply to "Psellus," for they had looked like Schole(field) liners previously.

There is also a question on the derivation of "Curtus." As I trace Maccabees to Massena Numidians, it's interesting that Numidia had the capital, Cirta. "Cirta (from Berber: KRTN or Kirthan, Phoenician: Tzirta) was the capital city of the Berber Kingdom of Numidia in northern Africa (modern Algeria). Its strategically important port city was Russicada." The Russells happen to share scallops in the colors of the same of Massena-liner Meschins, but these are also the scallops of Travis' and their kin, Natebys. The article says that Vandals destroyed Cirta after arriving about 430 AD, about the time that Alan Huns arrived to north-Africa.

At the map of the article, spot the Nedes location near the coast, for the Nedes surname is listed with Numidia-suspect Name's/Neams. This surname seemed to trace Numidians well to Neamt, on the Cirta-like Siret river of Moldova. Of interest is that Nedes/Neams use a chevron in illegal metal-on-metal, as do purple Hawks that were first found in the same place (Lincolnshire) as Nedes'/Neams. The Massena alliance with general Scipio is expected to have produced the Meschin marriage to purple Skiptons, and the Massena-Scipio marital merger, which I haven't come across in historical records, but is assumed to have taken place, is expected with the formation of Maccabees.

German Nedes' are listed with Naders/Nadels, evoking the Nettle's (Nateby colors) that share the snakes of Biss', the latter with the Meschin / Russell / NATEby scallops. The quasi-conclusion is that Numidians named Roussillon in Languedoc. As Massena was a Meshech liner, note Tibilis between Cirta and Tipasa, what looks like, T'bilisi, the ancient Tubal that, in Scripture, was paired with Meshech.

The Tipasa location was suspect with Tipps' and may include Tabers, interesting because a Taborite sect of Christians were also Moravians while Nedes'/Nadels were first found in Bohemia, beside Moravia. These Moravians / Taborites were also called, Hussians, after a Huss surname listed with giant-sun Hesse's. Needle's use a giant sun too. Therefore, it looks like Miss Florida is correct in assuming that Moravians were from African Moors. And she's the one who got me to stress Sellers as per her curiosity on the dark-skinned Silures of Wales. Tabers use a sun theme while playing on a "Soles" motto term that might just be another Psellus liner. The Taber lions are in the colors of the Neam/Name lions, the latter showing lions in colors reversed as well, which are the Massin/Mason lion, quite apparently. Soles' are listed with giant-sun Solana's. It allows Tabers to trace also to "Dober" at Koplik, suspect with El-"Gabal."

English Sole's/Sullys use a chevron in the colors of the three of Sillys/Sullys/Cele's, and for this reason are expected to be a branch of Ceelys/Sealeys, Seals, and Sailers. The Solney variation of Sole's/Sullys (Club Coat?) is expected with the Saulnier variation of Saunier's. As Sole's use what could be a version of the Burt/Birt Coat, the Sole border may be evidence that Borders are a branch of Berts. Borders may be using the Aude swords, but Aude's are expected in the Aude area of Languedoc, where mysterious Mr. Sauniere operated, and part of Roussillon. As Murena's/Moratins are expected from Moors, the QUILLAN location in Aude can be a CILNius-Murena entity, for Russells happen to share the goat with Mortons.

Reminder: Natts/Nathans may be sharing the escutcheon of Nitts/Naughts, first found in the same place as the Nith river...making it appear that Nedes Numidians were on the Nith, perfect for tracing the Geta family of north Africa to the proto-Geddes Geds on the Nith...who gave their swords (military partnership) to Numidian suspects, the Mackays. This has never been so clear as now, having found the Nedes location (I don't recall knowing it in the past, and the term isn't found anywhere in my files). I had looked for the Geta ancestry of Caracalla, and found it in a north-African family by the same name, but I've forgotten the details. This makes Annandale very traceable to "Hannibal," or to whatever named him.

Gnaeus Hosidius Geta (ca 20 - aft. 95), in the ancestry of Caracalla's father, "was a Roman Senator and general who lived in the 1st century...he was a part of Gaius Suetonius Paulinus' campaigns into Mauretania. Geta defeated Sabalus, a chief of the Mauri, twice...Geta and his legion were part of the Roman conquest of Britain..." It evokes the SeyMOURS at the top of this update.

This line should be expected in the namers of Cetis. Geta's line above led to Publius Septimius Geta, who "had a sister named Septimia Polla, born c. 110." It looks like Vespasian's family was involved there. He married FULVia Pia while Vespasian's ancestry was, Flavius. In this way, the line of Vespasian, suspect with the resurrection of the Roman dragon with the anti-Christ, goes through Bassianus', Merovingians, and all the stuff of Freemasonry that hopes to live in power forever.

Fullers have been expected for over a year from Vespasia Polla, but Septimia Polla is new to me. The Fullers are expected as a Polla line to Pollocks, first found in the same place (Renfrewshire) as Ore's suspect in the "FermiORA" motto term of Fullers. The Futters suspect in the other Fuller motto term share the stars of Glass', a line to Glasgow (Renfrewshire). The Ore's are kin of Orells, first found in the same place as Saxons/Septons, and using what looks like a version of the Septon Coat, thus making Fullers suspect from Septimia Polla. One can see how "Flavius" might morph to "Polla" by the FULvia version. There is a Pulver surname suspect with the symbols of June's and related Yonge's, which recalls that while the latter two were from the Colapis theater, Pulleys/Pullens use a Colapis-like motto term.

The erect sword of Yonge's and Pulvers (not to mention Curthose's/Shortus', same place as where Caracalla was made emperor) traces to Bistones of Cyrene, and that's at least roughly the geography in the ancestry of Caracalla's father, i.e. the line to Septimia Polla. Polla liners are expected with Alans of Dol (in Dol), but these Alans had ancestry in north Africa.

Publius Septimius Geta (fl. 2nd century, c. 110 – aft. 198) was the father of Lucius Septimius Severus, father-in-law of the Roman empress Julia Domna and the paternal grandfather of Roman emperors Caracalla and Geta. His name was found as an inscription in Cirta, Africa.

Geta was of Libyco-Berber origin. His ancestry had been based in Leptis Magna (East of Tripoli, Africa, modern Libya, North Africa).

I would suggest that the Pulver annulets are those also of Foggs, and that the latter are using a version of the Arundels / Jordan Coats, for Foggs were first found in the same place (Kent) as Rundels (Alan fesse) and Massins/Masons. I feel that Foggs are very traceable by their Cnut-suspect unicorn to Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the Fogg UNIcorn (shared by Rasmussens) suspect with Una-river liners such as June's and Yonge's. The black-on-white annulets of Foggs and Pulvers are shared by Frocks/Froggs, first found in Shropshire. I think that Meschins were first found in Shropshire, with Alans of Dol, because the Alan Huns came to a merger with Massena-liner Numidians. It makes sense, for prior to being in north Africa, the Alans Huns were in La Mancha of Spain, predicting that they later named, Manche, where Masseys lived.

Its Nedes- / NATEby-interesting that Anders Fogg Rasmussen (a Dane) ruled NATO. Natebys use scallops in the colors of the Meschin scallops. The Pulver suffixes look linkable to Tosti, an old Danish element.

I didn't know until now that Javier Solana de Madariaga, former NATO chief, was, as Secretary General of the Council of the European Union, preceeded by Jurgen TRUMPh. Is this global monster what Donald Trump is all about?


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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