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(if there are any to speak of)
October 6 - 12, 2015

The Last Two NATO Chiefs From Marcus Mucianus
The One who made Vespasian the Emperor

In rare instances, during a spell check, I can click "okay" when I shouldn't. For example, when misspelling "calendar," the spell checker asked whether it should replace all the misspelled instances with "colander," and I didn't catch it, so a few cases of "colander" appeared in a recent update. If any word doesn't make sense where you read it, it could be due to a spell-checker entry. I have a tendency to race through spell checks, not because I love doing them.

For this update, I have been stuck on finding the day of the week of the lunar eclipse of April, 32. That date is no longer as strongly suspect for the Crucifixion, as it would have been had it been possible for skies over Jerusalem to have gone dark during a lunar eclipse. You might pass on this update, written before realizing that a solar eclipse is necessary. However, the topic turns to discovering some very good reasons for tracing Josephus to the two Joseph surnames. And you may learn some things concerning the Roman invasion of Jerusalem that you have not known before, much of which is new to me because I've never bothered to read much of Josephus before.

In Josephus' Book II of Wars of the Jews, he seems to know fine details of a civil war within Jerusalem that brought down the priesthood of the family of Annas. This was the judgment of God on the families who persecuted Christians. Josephus portrays the insurrection against the priesthood and Herod Agrippa as from bands of thugs / robbers. The situation was that the thugs had taken the temple grounds in the south while the priestly side had short-term control of the upper / north section of Jerusalem. He gets to dating this situation in this:

Now the next day was the festival of Xylophory; upon which the custom was for every one to bring wood for the altar (that there might never be a want of fuel for that fire which was unquenchable and always burning)...[Agrippa's] soldiers were overpowered by their multitude and boldness; and so they gave way, and were driven out of the upper city by force. The others then set fire to the house of Ananias the high priest, and to the palaces of Agrippa and Bernice...

I wonder what the Christians of Jerusalem were doing / thinking as their enemies were going into hiding from this revolt. The Romans were almost upon the city at this time, making it appear that the surrounding of Jerusalem by camps of the anti-Christ's soldiers was in fulfillment. In the next paragraph, Josephus says: "But on the next day, which was the fifteenth of the month Lous..." Lous is a Macedonian month. The last update had come across other Macedonian months used by Josephus, and my question had been whether or not the days of the Macedonian months parallelled the days of Jewish months. Xylophory was a celebration practiced by the Jews on the 15th of Ab, and here we find Josephus telling that it was on the 14th of Lous. The Macedonian and Hebrew calendars both start their months on the new moon, and so they should always be in sync. It looks like Josephus used "Lous" as an alternative for "Ab" so that his readers in the Romo-Greek world could better understand. The theory is that the 15th may have been a seventh-day Sabbath, for it can explain why, on this occasion, the Jews celebrated in on the 14th.

The idea is to assume that the 15th (full moon) was a seventh day, and then count the days back to the eclipse / full moon of April, 32 AD, checking to see what day of the week it was. I don't think we can use the Jewish calendar as it is today. The problem is, the moon's orbit is never quite the same in duration; over the three-plus decades between 32 AD and the civil war above, counting back in periods of full moons can be off by as much as a week from the day of the week that we begin on.

The setting of Book two is in the 12th year of Nero, 66 AD. It tells of what Josephus viewed as the start of the war in the first half of the month of Artemisons, or Iyar, the last month on the Biblical-Jewish calendar. This war was conducted by a "terrifying beast," as foretold by Daniel, and indeed the onset of the war had the Romans slaughtering all human life in whole towns in the tens of thousands. On the third month after Iyar, in the month of Lous = Ab, the revolt above against the priesthood and Agrippa took place. The latter side were pro-Roman, and as such the war against Rome had begun.

So, the 15th of Ab was in 66 AD. Ab is normally in July/August, and so see first that the chart below pegs it for the 15 of September, just five days before the first day of Tabernacles. In the last update, I chose to view the first day of Tabernacles at the full moon of October rather than the full moon of September. But since, then, the chart that I was using became unreliable in my view. On the second day that the update was published, I removed a small portion dealing with the October full moon. The chart, below, is of little help in establishing whether the Tabernacles full moon was in September or October. It claims that Tabernacles (middle of Tishri) was at the September full moon while locating Hyperbereteus = Tishri in October. That's impossible, but the chart has no aversion to making contradictions throughout.

As Josephus doesn't seem to use Julian dates anywhere, we really do need to entertain Tabernacles for the September full moon. The NASA chart for the full moon of June (66 AD) has it on the 26th, and for this reason one can count three periods of 29.53 days ahead to the full moon of 88.6 days later, though full moons can be as little as 29.2 or 29.9 days apart. As the June-22 full moon was at 3:41 am (in whatever time zone NASA is using), while .6 = 14.4 hours, my best preliminary guess for the one in September would have been about 18:00 o'clock on September 22. As that time is at 6 pm, assumed to be International / Greenwich time, it would have been 4 pm in Jerusalem so that Jews would have celebrated Tabernacles starting that evening and into September 23, I think.

The best way to figure the approximate times of day is to note the NASA-chart entry for the full moon of December 20 of 66 AD, at 15:13 pm. If we use the average month of 29.53 days throughout the period, from June to December, the one in December can be predicted for 3:14 am + (6 x 29.53) days. The brackets work out to 177.18, and .18 is four hours and 19 minutes, which, when tacked to 3:14 gets about 7:30 am. As NASA has it about ten hours later, we find that full moons over the six months were separated, on average, slightly more than the average month, and this tends to make the ones of September and October a little later than what the average figure gets. It makes the September full moon fall even later in the day so that Tabernacles, if it was in September, could have started on the 22/23. However, I am no expert on how the Jews chose the first day of their holy days based on full moons. They may have chosen September 21/22 when the full moon lands midday on the 22nd.

The math for the October full moon is 3:14am + (4 x 29.53), which falls about 6 am (NASA time) on October 22, may have caused the Jews to have Tabernacles on October 21/22 rather then 22/23. But until one can match these times with a day on the Julian calendar, I am at a loss on how to use them for finding the day of the week for the full moon of April, 32 AD.

The 15th of Ab likely fell on the full moon too. That date was two full moons before the one in September 22, or 59 days earlier = July 25. As the latter was one full moon after the June-26 one, the one on the 25th took place some 10-14 hours after 3:14 am, putting it squarely on July 25, not close to the day before or after. We can assume, for the time being, that July 25th was the 15th of Ab. As the Jews of that year celebrated Xylophory on the 14th of Ab, though it was scheduled for the 15th, we can entertain July 25 as a seventh day of the Jewish week. There is a full-moon calculator below that is off from the NASA chart by not many minutes for 1st-century moons. It has a full moon on July 25 of 66 at 11:24.

The number of days between April 14 of 32 AD (the day that NASA has a full moon that should have marked the Passover wherein the family of Annas killed Jesus) and July 25 of 66 AD is easy to count. There were 365 days over 34 years (= 12,410 days), plus the time between April 14 and July 25 (102 days), plus some leap-year days. Leap years occurred in 36 AD and every four years later up to 64 AD, for a total of 8 extra days. The total days counted: 12,410 + 102 + 8, or 12,520. My method of finding the day of the week when counting 12,520 days back from a Sabbath day is first to diving the figure by 7 to get 1,788.571 weeks. As each seven-day period starting on the Sabbath gets us back to a Sabbath, 1,788.571 weeks, because the decimals represent 4 days, gets me back to four days before the Sabbath (not the same as the Roman Tuesday). It doesn't likely matter what the Julian day of the week was (on April 14) at this time, when the Saturday upon the Roman calendar is not yet expected to have been the same as the Jewish Sabbath day.

Protestants feel that Wednesday is the best-day choice for the Crucifixion because Jesus said that he would be three days and three nights in a death chamber (it's assumed that He was raised to life Sunday morning). But it's technically wrong to use "Wednesday." We should use the fourth day of the Jewish week. It's technically wrong to seek a Wednesday upon the Julian calendar for the Crucifixion unless one is counting days back upon the Julian calendar from a time AFTER its Saturday was matched to the Sabbath, as is the situation today. Can we tweak the above to make Tuesday become a Wednesday? We can, but then we need to deal with the justification / merit in tweaking it. The fourth day before the Sabbath, from the math above, would become the third day before the Sabbath, the one Jesus is expected to have died upon, if 15 of Ab was on July 24 rather than July 25. But the full moon was in the middle of the 25th.

You might be asking why I'm using Julian dates at all for this calculation. It's because I can't count backward in time upon the Jewish calendar due to its instability where it adds an extra month every two or three years, whereas the Julian calendar (doesn't change from year to year) allows us to calculate back by seven-day periods with reliability. Therefore, it is best to equate a Jewish day of the year with a Julian date before counting back, unless one knows exactly the years when the extra Jewish months were added. It is possible to discover when the Jewish-calendar converters insert the extra months for the 1st century, but I assume that the converters are merely working backward from the modern-day Jewish calendar...that may not match the years when the Jews of the first century added extra months. Another problem is that I don't have full-moon dates on the Jewish calendar.

I suppose that, with a full moon midday on July 25, the Jews may have started their 15th-day celebrations on the evening of July 24. Is this justification for doing the count-back starting on the 24th? Not unless the Sabbath started on the evening of the 23rd and carried into the 24th, but I'm not buying that. It looks like I'm out of luck for tweaking from Tuesday to Wednesday.

There is of course the question of whether the reported full moons were on the days claimed for them. We can test this very well because ""235 lunar months are almost identical to 19 solar years. (The difference is only two hours.)" It just so happens that there were 38 years (2 x 19) between 32 and 70 AD. Let's do the math."

I'm assuming that, over any-chosen cycle of 470 full moons, there are 38 years, to within 1/6th of a day. In that case, from the full moon of April 32, to the full moon of 70 AD, there should be exactly 38 years on the Julian calendar. Here you have the full moon on April 14 of 70 AD. Is April 14 to April 14 a perfect number of 38 years upon the Julian calendar? Yes, for that span is equal to 365.25 days x 38 = 13,879.5 days, which, when divided by the perfect year of 325.24219 days, gets 380.0008 years. See how a random check verifies that any 38-year period amounts to almost-exactly 470 moons (by the fact that each couplet is in the same 24-hour period):

57 AD Apr 8 5:56 versus 95 AD Apr 8 16:06 (10-hour difference)
82 AD Apr 1 20:43 versus 120 AD Apr 1 18:44 (2-hour difference, or is it 22 hours?)
132 AD Apr 18 6:07 versus 170 AD Apr 18 10:34 (12-hour difference)
29 AD Apr 17 5:19 v 67 AD Apr 18 4:25 (23-hour difference, or is it 1?)
40 AD Apr 15 22:01 v 78 Apr 16 2:20 (four-hour difference)
30 AD Apr 6 22:16 v 78 AD 68 Apr 6 13:00 (5-hour difference).

In all seven out of four cases, including 32 AD Apr 14 11:35 versus 70 AD Apr 14 7:25, there are virtually 38 years exactly. One can test the NASA dates quite well, over many centuries, using this factor.

Between April 32 and April 70, there were ten leap years on the Julian calendar, though in real time the Julian calendar's 365-year duration, over 38 years, is off by only 9.5 days (38 / 4) because a full 40 years is needed for 10 leap years. Still, because there was a leap year in February of 70 AD, the Julian calendar had 10 of them throughout this 38-period. That needs to be taken into consideration when doing the math. The math finds the days exactly, upon the Julian calendar, between full moons of April of 32 and April of 70: (365 x 38) + 10 / 365.24219 = 380.002 years. It verifies that the April 14 dates in both years are correct.

This was something needed in the last update to check NASA's dates over the 1983 years between now and April of 32. Over 1983 years, there are 52.1842 periods of 38 years. The decimals amount to .1842 / 38 = 7 years. Therefore, the date of a full moon, seven years before 2015, should have been on, or very close to, April 14. The full moon in April of 2008 was on Apr 20. Why is it out six days? That amounts to .003 of a day per year (over 1976 years), and .000267 of a day (.3845 minutes) per moon/month. Per 235-month cycle, this math shows that the timing is out by 235 x .3845 = 90.4 minutes, which is close to the online quote above saying that it should be out by about two hours per 235-month cycle. It doesn't necessarily mean that these full-moon dates are being accurately reported.

One way to check is to find recent full moon dates that cannot be deliberately altered from the reality. For example, let's compare a full moon in April of 1970 to one of 2008. We find 1970 Apr 21 16:24 versus 2008 Apr 20 10:26. The timing is off by 14 hours, acceptable. I've checked other couplets starting late in the 20th century, and they check out fine. I've become more confident that the full-moon dates reported for the 1st century are correct. But one can see how they can easily get wrong by one day, over nearly 2,000 years, if the programming math was only slightly wrong.

Having said all that, I don't know whether the 15th of Ab was a Sabbath day. It was a thing to look into, and to report due to landing one day off from the fourth day of the week for the Passover moon (a total eclipse) of 32 AD.

By the 8th day of Dius (Heshvan), just 12 days after Cestius got to Scopus, the Jews coming out of Jerusalem gave his army a near-lethal romp, afterwhich they re-organized their power structure, making Josephus a leader in Galilee: "But John, the son of Matthias, was made governor of the toparchies of Gophnitica and Acrabattene; as was Josephus, the son of Matthias, of both the Galilees. Gamala also, which was the strongest city in those parts, was put under his command." (Book II 20:4). Gamala became a topic in my heraldic discussions, and here we find that John, what looks like Josephus' brother, was in charge of that city. The suspicion is that some aspect of Freemasonry was from Josephus. Before finding a quote that Josephus descended from Jonathan Maccabee, one of the original Maccabee brothers of the 2nd century BC, I predicted it because Josephus, although he reported the lineage / family tree of Simon Maccabee, Jonathan's brother, did NOT report the family tree of Jonathan. It was this Jonathan who made a strong alliance with a Seleucid king (Alexander Balas) shortly after the Maccabee brothers were mortal enemies with a previous Seleucid king, Antiochus IV. The latter is, in Daniel 11, portrayed as the runner-up (or a near-copy) of the end-time anti-Christ...expected to repeat, so to speak, the Wars of the Jews. I predict that Josephus was part-Seleucid, which may explain why he used the Macedonian calendar. His line from Jonathan may have married, time and again, Seleucid families.

One of the cities of Galilee commission to Josephus was Jotapata. The name could be related to the royal Iotapa's that the Maccabee-Herod line (line of Simon Maccabee) married. I'm referring to the line of Glaphyra and Alexander Maccabee, and, as you can see, the naming of this, and other, Maccabees, must surely be a carry-over going all the way back to Alexander Balas. It suggests that the line of Jonathan Maccabee, upon marrying some part of Balas' family / line, then married some part of Simon's line. It's logical. One Iotapa was wife to Julius Alexander Maccabee, whose family consisted of Julian-line / Roman puppets in the Cilicia theater. For want of money and power, they betrayed the fundamentalist-Jewish cause. Josephus is now suspect with Joseph Caiaphas, but the point in bringing Iotapa up to begin with is that her name is like "Joseph." Josephus may have become a leader in Galilee just because he was related to Joseph Caiaphas. In the same paragraph that we find the quote above: "They also chose other generals for Idumea; Jesus, the son of Sapphias, one of the high priests; and Eleazar, the son of Ananias...Joseph the son of Simon was sent as general to Jericho...But John, the son of Matthias, was made governor of the toparchies of Gophnitica and Acrabattene; as was Josephus, the son of Matthias..."

Jotapata is said to have been the name of this Galilean location from centuries into BC times, long before the royal Iotapa's married the Maccabee line, but I still wonder whether the name, Joseph, was popular in Jotapata in the days of Jesus. He grew up near Jotapata. I'm wondering whether Iotapa, said to be of Iranian extraction, had ancestry in Jotapata. Wikipedia's Jotapata article: "Yodfat was razed and burnt on the first of the Hebrew month of Tammuz." It's referring to Josephus having it destroyed on the first of the Macedonian month, Panemus, as you can see in the chart below. That quote shows how scholars are decided that the days of the Macedonian months used by Josephus were parallel with the days of the Hebrew calendar of the first century.

There are many things in the chart that make no sense to me. It claims to know the Julian dates for the Josephus dates, but I'm far from agreeing. The page below says that the 1st of Panemus can fall between June 4 and July 2.

I had found some heraldic evidence that "Caiaphas" can relate to "Haifa," for the Arms of Haifa use a blue, tall perchevron (solid chevron) that can link to the white-on-blue perchevron in the Chappes Coat. I had wondered how the line from Caiaphas may have entered Haifa, with two theories: 1) during the Templar siege of Israel; 2) after 70 AD, Caiaphas' family escaped to Haifa. Jotapata, or all of Galilee, is not far from Haifa. I have shown that both the Titus surname and the Chappes surname (first found in the same place as the Levi surname) use the same Moor head, very suspicious where Josephus took on the family name of emperor Titus. This Josephus, traitor, who fought Vespasian, and watched his army destroy his, later joined the family of Vespasian after committing his own fighters, and their wives, mothers and children, to suicide. I have my sins to answer for, and Josephus has his.

In Book IV: "And thus was Gamala taken on the three and twentieth day of the month Hyperberetens, whereas the city had first revolted on the four and twentieth day of the month Gorpieus [Elul]." In other words, we are reading that Gamala fell on the ninth day after the first of Tabernacles, in 67 AD. The full moon of this Tabernacles was either on Sep 11 or Oct 11, according to the full-moon calculator. I don't know whether this information can help to find the particular week-day of Passover in 32 AD, but I'll record it here anyway.

I have yet to work back from the position of 15 of Ab falling possibly, not on the full moon of July 25 (66), but the next one, on August 23. We just do the same math as above: There were 365 days over 34 years (= 12,410 days), plus the time between April 14 and August 23 (131 days), plus 8 extra days for leap years, = 12,410 + 131 + 8, or 12,549. My method of finding the day of the week when counting 12,549 days back from a Sabbath day is first to diving the figure by 7 to get 1,792.714 weeks. As each seven-day period starting on the Sabbath gets us back to a Sabbath, 1,792.714 periods, being five days more than 1792 weeks, gets us back to the fifth day before the Sabbath, which doesn't work for those expecting the third day before the Sabbath (not at all meaning that the 15th of Ab couldn't have been on August 23). If per chance the Roman Saturday was the Jewish Sabbath even in the 1st century, then it's of note here that April 14 of 32 turns out to be a Monday, the day claimed for April 14 of 32 by the lunar people that provided the following dates:

Josephus was definitely covering fulfilled prophecy from Daniel 9, where it says that, after a period of 69 "weeks," the Messiah will be cut off. Daniel could not have been intending weeks of seven days, for he has the Messiah establishing Israel after the 70th week. Daniel's prophecy would not have been respected had he meant weeks of seven days each. But the time interval between Daniel's prophecy and 32 AD is remarkably close to 69 weeks of seven-year periods. He has the destruction of Jerusalem and its sanctuary after the Messiah is cut off, by a "ruler of a people [who] will come." But he does not have the 70th week following immediately after the 69th week, as we would expect. According to Jesus, the 70th week cannot come to pass until seven years before his return. We either take the position that Jesus and/or his disciples were falsely creating that scenario, or that it is the correct interpretation of Daniel 9. We have seen Jesus being offered as a sacrifice, as predicted in Isaiah 53, on a Passover, as predicted by Moses. Why shouldn't Daniel 9 also come true?

Did the disciples plot to have Jesus die at Passover? Did they lie and make up such a story in order to make their followers believe that he was the fulfillment of Moses? Try to go back in time, imagining yourself in Israel in 32 AD, and shortly afterward. You hear the report that Jesus was crucified on Passover, but you and many others know that it was untrue. Could such a lie survive? You need to decide. For if Jesus was offered up at Passover, there is your evidence that the Hiding God is really there, overseeing history and making some of it take place. The Hiding God is cause for great discouragement in every generation. And mocking too.

The webpage below, while outlining Josephus on his Roman invasion into the temple area, claims that Panemus 1 was on June 28. Apparently, the writer has a reason for this position, though he seems to be a prophecy-intent writer, and may have chosen the Julian days as would best cater to his view of Daniel. The writer thinks that the daily sacrifices, of Daniel 12, cease on the 27th of Panemus, or July 24, implying that Daniel's prophecy of the 70 weeks came to pass in 70 AD, with the 70th week being the Roman invasion itself (66-73). This is as boneheaded as anyone can be. It makes me wonder concerning the quality of faith of those who make such claims. Where is their faith, really? It seems completely empty. They seem intent on proving to the Faithful that Daniel's prophecy didn't come to pass, and subtly implying that it was a false prophecy invented to give the false promise of a messiah returning in 73 AD. How can Daniel's prophecy, concerning the desolation of Israel, come to pass in relation to the Roman invasion when, after the 70th Week, Israel was not established in perpetuity? That too is part of Daniel's prophecy.

If you are brought to believe that Daniel's prophecy took place WHOLLY in the first century, you will come to think that it was a false prophecy, and all your hope in Jesus will drain away whether you realize it or not. If Daniel knew of the Roman invasion beforehand, wasn't he a true prophet? If so, shouldn't the Promise of his prophecy also come to pass in relation to the 70th week? The only way to view the prophecy is to have a suspension of time between the 69th and 70th week. Upon Jesus' death, the 70 weeks were suspended until after 70 AD, until such time that another invasion of Jerusalem should take place. This has been the reason for some pointed "excitement" of true virgins starting in the latter half 20th century. Now that Israelis once again control Jerusalem, Daniel's prophecy can fully come to pass.

In the article above, I've just noticed a Mucianus character, one I've not known. He was controlling Syria, and Josephus mentions him in Book 4: "...Antonius Primus and Mucianus slew [emperor] Vitellius". Vitellius is one of the three uprooted emperors in Daniel 7. His name is so-like "Maecenas" that I looked at his Wikipedia article. Cilnius Maecenas was pegged (by me) as part of a Massena > Masci / Massey line to the formation of Maccabees. I was amazed at what I read in the article on the Mucia gens (surname) that named Mucianus:

The first of the Mucii to appear in history is Gaius Mucius Scaevola, a young man at the inception of the Roman Republic. According to legend, he volunteered to infiltrate the camp of Lars Porsena, the king of Clusium, who besieged Rome circa 508 BC, and who may in fact have captured and held the city for some time. Mucius, armed with a DAGGER, attempted to assassinate Porsena, but unfamiliar with Etruscan dress, he mistook the king's secretary for the king, and was captured.

Brought before the king, Mucius declared that he was but one of three hundred Roman men who had sworn to carry out this mission, or die in the attempt. As a show of bravery, it was said that he thrust his right hand into a brazier, and stood silently as it burned. Porsena was so impressed by his courage and endurance that Mucius was freed...

...The only major family of the Mucii bore the cognomen Scaevola. This surname is said to have been acquired by Gaius Mucius, who lost the use of his right hand following his attempt on the life of Lars Porsena, and was subsequently called Scaevola because ONLY HIS LEFT HAND remained. Scaeva refers to the left, and occurs in other gentes, including the Junii. It seems possible that Scaevola arose as a diminutive of Scaeva, but in ordinary usage, scaevola referred to an amulet.

This is a good find. The Mackays, using a version of the Macey chevron, use the dagger as symbol, and I've been claiming for a year or more that the Masci bloodline is the owner of the sinister bend, or other sinister symbols of heraldry ("sinister" refers to "left"). Both the Masci and Massena bends, as well as the RasMUSSEN/Assman bend, rise in the rare direction, from right to left. It's called, sinister. The Mackay motto is, "With a strong hand." However, a right hand holds the Mackay dagger. The original legend used the right hand as a sign of bravery, burning it off, and so one can see that, in later times, the left-hand remainder became a symbol of the Mucia bloodline. Note that Percivals (Massey colors), like "Porsena," share the muzzled bear with the Mackay Coat. The Percival Chief uses patee crosses (symbol of Patti in Sicily's Messina) in the colors of the same of the Massena/Messina/MUSSENA surname.

It seems certain, therefore, that Masseys (share the Asman/Assman fleur-de-lys), a known branch of Masci's, were from the Mucia gens. Moreover, I had traced the line of king Massena to the Maezaei peoples that lived between the Una and Urbanus rivers (now Croatia), and the Una had been identified as the namer of mythical Juno, the chief Roman goddess. As you read above, Scaevola came to refer to the left, and occurs in other gens, including the Junii. The Junii were named by Juno, and the Junii also trace to the Junia Caepionis sisters, granddaughters of QUINTUS Caepio the younger, and then the article adds that "The chief praenomina used by the Mucii were Publius, Quintus, and Gaius, all of which were very common throughout Roman history."

It was only recently when I could declare that Quintus Caepio was very close to the Massena bloodline. The theory was that the vast treasure of Caepio (obtained in French Gaul) went to Caiaphas and the Herods because"Caiaphas" is expected to trace to "Caepio." It is logical to peg some of the Caepio gold (said to be 750,000 pounds of gold, plus some silver) upon the Jerusalem temple, as applied there by the Herod family. It was very recent when the Primus surname came up in discussions on Fannius Caepio (see August updates), but here I find "Antonius Primus and Mucianus slew Vitellius". It was at that time that the Massey bloodline connected hard to the Caepio family, and moreover I was able to glean that "Fannius" was of Fanano, a location in Modena (northern Italy) that then became suspect with the formation of Maccabees. Moreover, Fanano was suspect with a Fano location near Rimini, where Maschi's were first found, and to-boot, the Fane surname shares the gauntlet glove with Maceys.

Rimini has been traced to "Rimmon," origin of the 600 Benjamites that I say formed the Romans. It was gleaned and concluded as a fact in my mind that the Massey bloodline was fundamental with the Rimmon Benjamites, from the stock of Meshwesh in Tanis (Egypt), and suspect with some elements from Mus of Lake Van The Fane's are also Van-like). The Tarun area of Mus was traced to a mythical Turan goddess in Tuscany (at Velch), and here we find that Lars Porsena was an Etruscan. The chief Etruscan goddess, Ina, is a version of Juno, and predicted to be a version of "Una" river. The Una was also "Oeneus," and it just so happens that mythical Oeneus was made the father of the "Modena"-like city of Methoni/Modon in MESSENE (the Greek area that named Messina in Sicily). The 600 Benjamites of Judges married 400 wives of JABESH Gilead, what was pegged (by me) as the line to the naming of "JUPITer," Juno's husband, from the JAPODes on the north side of the Una river.

I should like to record here that "The only other important cognomen of the Mucii was Cordus, borne by some of the Scaevolae. According to some traditions, Gaius Mucius was originally surnamed Cordus..." There are two Cordes surnames, the Portuguese one using the same lion that's at the Wikipedia article for Ranulph le Meschin.

The Mucianus mentioned by Josephus was a king maker: "At the time of the outbreak of the Jewish revolt in 66 AD, Mucianus was serving as governor of Syria, a post he still held during the Year of Four Emperors (69); however, he failed to put down the Jewish revolt, and Vespasian was sent to replace him. After the death of Galba in 69, Mucianus and Vespasian (who was at the time in Iudaea) both swore allegiance to Otho, but when the civil war broke out, Mucianus persuaded Vespasian to take up arms against Vitellius, who had seized the imperial throne." The article says that Mucianus was adopted by the LICINia gens, which can explain both the Lee/Ligh/Legh surname using the Cordes / Meschin lion and the Lice/MacLee surname (compare with Quade's / Irish Mackays) that was suspect with the "LICENtiam" motto term of Irish Mackays. The Prime/Primus surname even used a LEG.

While Cilnius Maecenas married the sister of TERENtius Varro Murena, we have this: "The family-names of the Licinii are Calvus (with the agnomina Esquilinus and Stolo), Crassus (with the agnomen Dives), GETA, Lucullus, Macer, MURENA, Nerva, Sacerdos, and Varus." The only Varro surname shares the black wolf with Irish Mackays / Quade's. "Another family of the Licinii bore the cognomen Varus, which means "crooked, bent," or 'knock-kneed.'" It may explain legs bent at the knees such as we see in the Primus Coat. Macers are listed with Masseys/Maceys.

The Geta bloodline of emperor Caracalla married the sister of Julia Maesa, and this family was traced to Grasse (southern France), suspect with "Crassus." Ranulph le Meschin ruled at Cheshire's Chester, previously called, Diva, and suspect with the Dives river of Normandy, a term just like the Crassus-related Dives surname in the quote above. The Dives surname was first found in the same place as June's, and beside the Capes' whose scallops they share. The Dien/Dives surname still shows the Masci wing as it showed for years until recently, and adds patee crosses, the Massena / Pek symbol tracing to Scylla (Sicily), beside Patti. The Arms of Grasse, and the French Grasse surname, are in the colors of the English Crassus/Grasse Coat, suspect with the Botter bend, and therefore with the Cato/Chattan / Chatan bend. But it's the Pulley bend too. Grasse is shortly outside the border of Var, making the latter suspect as a Varus liner.

The particular Coddingham entity said to be married by the Macers/Masseys may be of the Coddingham surname listing "CATTINGham," for one of the Coddingham/Cattingham "hinds" looks in the rare, sinister direction. The hind is used by Numidian-suspect Shaws. The "counter" feature of heraldry is likely code for the Counter/Conte surname sharing the antler with Masci-related Hamonds, and so see the Coddingham description: "two silver hinds, counter TRIPpant, in pale." French Masseys/Masse's once showed the Trip boots exactly.

PORCius Cato smacks of "Porsena." The Close surname should apply to these lines as per Closeburn (Nith river), where the Geta-suspect Geddes surname originated. The Geddes PIKEs are the Luce/Lucy pikes, but the Luciano's use the Luce pike too, suggesting that Luciano's were Licinius liners.

The article above allows one to link the Licinia family to Rieti, home of Vespasian's family: "A family of the Licinii bore the surname Murena (sometimes, but erroneously, written Muraena), referring to the sea-fish known as the murry or lamprey, a prized delicacy since ancient times. This family came from the city of Lanuvium [origin of Quirinius, governor of Syria who made Annas, killer of Christ, and Caiaphas' father-in-law, the high priest), to the southeast of Rome, and was said to have acquired its name because one of its members had a great liking for lampreys, and built tanks for them." Whether or not there is any truth to it, the lamprey is expected to have been a family symbol, for it just so happens that the fish in the Arms of Rieti are in the colors of the Prude lamprey, while a motto term in the Arms of Rieti is obvious code for the Pratt / Prude bloodline. French Prude's/Prats are now found to use the same black-on-gold fesse (Porcia colors) as Cords/MacCourts! I'm therefore easily convinced that Cords are from the Cordes-Mucius bloodline at Rieti, and likely married to a Vespasian line.

Mackays are not to be viewed as a line of Kays originally. The Mackays, and their "Manu" motto term said to mean "hand" (clever), trace to the family of king Maccus on the Isle of MAN, and the Arms of the Isle of Man use human legs bent at the knees. Make the obvious connection to Primus'. The McLeods, suspect with the Cato/Chattan castle, lived on the same side of Scotland as Maccus' family, but more in particular on the island of Skye and Lewis, making "Skye" suspect with "Scaevola."

Let me repeat from the quote:

"The family-names of the Licinii are Calvus (with the agnomina Esquilinus and Stolo)... The Stoll surname was looked up, finding that it forms a cross out of its lozenges in the colors of the cross that Peckers/Packers form with their same-colored lozenges. This is no coincidence because Peckers trace to the Pek river, the source of which is near Cuppae, called "city of doves." The Stoll Crest is a dove, you see. But what about a STOOL pigeon? The cross formed by the Stoll / Pecker lozenges are in the colors of the Macclesfield cross, important because this Arms of Macclesfield use a "copia" motto term that I've been tracing to Cuppae. Not only is Macclesfield in Cheshire, but the Massey liners of that area should trace to Moesia, location of the Pek. I trace lozenges to Losinj, the area around the Kupa (Colapis) river, one major river north of the Una. Peckers were first found at the COPEland theater, and then Colps/Cope's share roses with Peckers.

Unbelievably, while RasMUSSENs use a sinister bend, and while NATO was previously ruled by Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the latest NATO chief is Jens STOLTenberg. It looks like NATO has been ruled by the Licinius / Mucianus bloodline. There is a Stoltenberg Coat, not showing what its description page says: "On a blue shield a red heart pierced by an arrow." Instead, the Stoltenberg Coat shows quarters in the colors of the Hanan / Say / Eure quarters, with a black-on-gold spread eagle and some leaves I can't identify. I think it's safe to venture a "Mussen" trace to "Mucianus."

Did you note that the Pecker/Packer Crest is the Chappes / Titus Moor head? On top of that, the "copia"-using Reeds trace to "Rieti." Plus, both Stoll surnames list "Stolt." German Stolts/Stoll share the antler with German Wessels, and then English Wessels (WestMORland) not only share the swan with French Josephs, but gold-on-blue garbs with English Josephs. Don't we expect a Joseph(us) link to Rieti at this time? We don't think, do we, that the Scottish Chappes Crest is a gold garb by coincidence, do we? While garbs are alternatively "wheat sheaves," the Scottish Chappes Coat is said to be "ears of wheat".

The antler is used by Masci-related Hamonds, as well as the VisCONTI-suspect Conte's, no coincidence because Conteville's ruled a Comyn entity while the Comyns share the Wessel / Joseph / Avison garbs. The Comyn surname included the mother of Adam Kilconquhar, while the Adam surname not only shows the Caw variation of Mackays, but the Macclesfield / Face/Fessy cross in colors reversed. The Gastell variation of Wessels is almost "Cassel" for a potential trace to Avezzano.

Let me show you something. The Fogg/Foge Coat shares the three stars in the Palin/Pawley Chief, and the Fogg/Foge stars are on a black-on-white fesse, the colors of the same stars on the same-colored fesse of Purys. Don't you think that the latter's black martlets are those of Josephs and of the Pulleys with a Palin-like Pullen variation? Do you think that Anders FOGH Rasmussen was a Fogg/Foge liner? Ask the white unicorn, the Rasmussen symbol too, in the Fogg/Foge Crest. The latter surname was first found in the same place as Massey-related Hamon(d)s and Masters.

Porsena-like Parsons share leopard FACEs with Lice's/MacLee's, and the Purys have a Coat like the Lice/MacLee Coat. The Lice/MacLee leopard faces are in the colors of the same of "Seaton"-like Keatons, that latter suspect with Cato liners, and then the Paisons/Peastons (same fesse as Purys and Foggs), like the Payson variation of Porsons, were first found in the same place (East Lothian) as Keiths (Catti liners) and Seatons. Porsons are listed with Pawsons, which can explain why Pawleys/Palins share the upright black lion with the Lice/MacLee Crest. Pawleys are said to have named Pavilly, near the Bray river of Normandy to which I traced the namers of CORTEmelia (northern Italy), making them suspect with the Cordes bloodline.

Just like that, the Paisons and company can trace with "VesPASian" to the Pace's (share purple with Skiptons), Pasi's/Pascels and Pascels, and this recalls that "VESpasian" was suspect with "VISconti," and so let's mention that while the first Visconti of Milan was Ottone, the Ottone's (share annulets with Foggs/Foge's), suspect with the Chappes perchevron, were first found in the same place (Umbria) as Porcia's, not far from Arettium, where Cilnius Maecenas was from. Visconti's of Sardinia are thereby suspect with the governorship in Sardinia of Quintus Mucius Scaevola. The latter's governorship of Sardinia is not dated at his short Wikipedia article, but it was near the time (around 200 BC) that king Massena (Numidia) made a pact with general Scipio, a pact that I see resulting in the Meschin marriage(s) to Skiptons (Templar times), but then compare "Scaev(ola) to "Scip(io)" (may not apply but mentioned anyway).

If the implication is that Porcius Cato (said at Wikipedia to have had a childhood in Abruzzo) got involved with the Vespasian line, let's repeat there was some good evidence for a trace of Spanish Petro's to Titus Flavius Petro, Vespasian's grandfather (in Rieti), for it just so happens that the gold-on-red fleur-de-lys of Petro's are used in the Porci Coat. Moreover, both Coats look like a version of a Reed Coat. The other Reed Coat is expected with the Tarent/Taran eagle and is thus traceable to Terentius Varro Murena and/or Terentia, Maecenas' wife. In 198 BC, Cato became the praetor of Sardinia, such a "coincidence."

As the dove is used by the pigeon-like Page/Paige surname (arrow heads called pheons), there is reason to draw Paeoni suspects, like the Chappes-related Payens/Pagans, to the Pek river. The first grand master of the Templars, Hugh de Payens, married Elizabeth Chappes. What was that? Was it the root of the latest, or even all of the, NATO chiefs? French Page's/PAGEONs/Pagenots were first found in the same place, Dauphine, as Payens/Pagans. Compare "Paige / Pageon" with "Paison."

As the son of Titus Flavius Petro was Titus Flavius Sabinus, while the Sabine surname shares the red scallop of Pulleys/Pullens, it seems clear enough that Pullens were from Vespasia POLLA, Sabinus' wife and Vespasian's mother. But, we must ask: why does the Pulley/Pullen Chief use the same martlet (same colors) as the French Joseph Chief??? It looks like Josephus (adopted the Flavius name) is traceable to Vespasian's family via heraldry, but in no way does a good trace of Josephus to the French Josephs dissuade me from seeing Joseph Caiaphas in that trace too.

It doesn't seem likely that "Palin" can trace both to "Pullen" and Pais liners, but family mergers can have a way with surname variations, to bring them into reflection of one another. This is a good place to add that the Palin Chief can be a three-star version of the Sabine Chief. The black Pawley/Palin lion is also in the Crest of Gernons, suspect with Ranulph de Gernon, son of Ranulph le Meschin. The "CyFOETH" motto term of Gernons has been traced to Foots and Fothes, and to "Foetes," a location on a Lech river of Germany that uses bent human legs in the heraldic Arms. The Lech now becomes suspect from the Licinius surname, said to be related to a Lecne term in Italy. It therefore tends to trace Meschins to the Mucius bloodline, as could be expected where Ranulph le Meschin ruled Cheshire, where Masseys / Maceys lived. It just so happens that the Fothes' share a cornuCOPIA with Reeds so that Fothes' are traceable to Rieti liners. Plus, the alternative Fussen name for Foetes can trace to "Fucino," near the source of the Salto (flows along mount Sabina) and therefore traceable to Rieti (where it flows). It's important that English Josephs trace to the Salto river via the Avis/Avison Coat, for Avezzano is on the Salto. Heraldry definitely seems to be tracing to Josephus' Vespasian connections. We can of course ask whether "VESpasian" is related to "AVEZZano."

Now is a great time to remind of Fossano, smack beside CORTEmelia!

The black Pawley/Palin lion is used also by Faucets of East Lothian, and Faucets are suspect with fox of Fez's/Fes' (same place as French Prude's/Prats) who in turn are suspect with the bend of Porci's. The Porsons/Pawsons share gold lion paws with the Quint Crest, and the Porson/Pawson sun can be suspect with the same of French Poussins, but trace this also to the Hesse sun, of Hesse-Cassel (founded by Chatti), for German Cassels share the McLeod / Cato/Chattan castle. Avis'/Avisons use the garbs of English Josephs, and are honored in the "avise" motto term of Cassels. As unlikely as it may seem, it looks like Poussins were a Porci line from Porcius Cato, but in conjunction with some Avezzano element linking to Josephus. English Poussins, using a CAT as play on "pussy," but still suspect with the Cato/Chattan line, were first found in the same place as Purys and Pear-related Thames'/Tiens/TEANs, the latter suspect from Teano (Campania, Italy), ancient home of the Seaton-based Sidicini (Seatons are also "Sitten").

See the black lion of Seaton-related Side's and Sutys, in the colors of the Faucet lion. Compare the pear-using Abbots to Thames', to make Abbots suspect with Botter liners, and then note how English Botters/Botts were first found in the same place as Josephs. German Botts/Boets can be gleaned here as using the fesse of Bidens/Buttons (same place as Botters) who in-turn share the CHAPeau cap of Capelli's. Why should Chap liners enter the Josephus picture???

The Sidicini were traced to Scidrus (bottom left of map), smack beside PALINurus, and the latter traced excellently to the Palin variation of Pawleys. The Laus location near Scidrus, and known to be founded by Sybaris, traces to the "Laus" motto term of ArBUTHnotts, making them suspect with Botter lines too. Sybaris can be expected with Supers/Sobers, and as the latter were suspect with Polish Sobeks/Sobieski's, it's notable that Sobeks use a buckle tracing with Buchans and Buchanans (Palin lion likely) to Buxentum (beside Laus). "The [Licinius] name appears to be derived from the Etruscan Lecne (Polish Lechs?], which frequently occurs on Etruscan sepulchral monuments. The Licinii were probably of Etruscan origin...Lucius Tarquinius Priscus and his son or grandson, Lucius Tarquinius SUPERbus, were themselves Etruscan." Superbus and Priscus were mythical kings of Rome, codework for certain families. The Sobek buckle, being purple, is linkable to the purple Shield of Pace's, and there is reason here to trace Pace / Pasi liners with Palins to the Buxentum / Palinurus theater. "Mucianus never wavered in his allegiance to Vespasian..."

The Super Coat looks linkable to the Sale Coat, and while the Sale fleur are colors reversed from the June fleur, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus married Tullia: "To forestall further dynastic strife, Tullius married his daughters, known to history as Tullia Major and Tullia Minor, to Lucius Tarquinius, the future king, and his brother Arruns. Their sister, Tarquinia, married Marcus Junius Brutus, and was the mother of Lucius JUNIUS Brutus." The line of Marcus Junius Brutus (may be the Prude line) led to the family of Quintus Caepio, interesting where he found his treasure in TOULouse, a potential Tullia line. There is a question here on whether Mucie's were in DOL. The Toulon location in southern Var (i.e. not far from Grasse) can apply. The Toulon surname is listed with Tools.

Did the Arruns entity name Arran, where MacAbee's were first found? As the Junius' and Livius' that got married to Caepio's are expected from pagan Levites, was the Arrun entity from an Aaron name of these Levites? The Jonathan/Jonas rooster is identical in design to the Blue rooster, and Blue's were first found in Arran too, while Jonathans/Jonas' are traceable both to Jonathan Maccabee and Jonathan the pagan Levite in Judges. Superbus was made dead in Cumae, near Naples, where Capone's were first found. It's very notable that the Jewish Aaron Coat uses quarters in colors reversed from the Primo quarters, as well as hands. The founders of Cumae are said to have been from Euboea.

The double Porson/Pawson chevrons are suspect with the same of English Josephs (kin of Kaplans) and French Chaplins, and French Josephs were first found in the same place (Man-like Maine) as French Poussins. I'm open to the possibility that the two Joseph surnames trace to Josephus. Maine's are likely using the double Perche chevrons, from Perche, near Maine, and related to Percivals.

Palins were first found beside the Isle of Wight, location of Cowes (suspect with the cat-using Chives'), named by a branch of Quade's and Mackays, and then Newports, from Newport on Wight, use the Keaton / Lice/Lee leopard FACES, as do Levi-beloved and Quade-like Ade's (compare the latter's symbols to Porci's), in Face/Fessy colors, and first found in the same place as Persons/Piersons likely using the Poussin suns. The Quade / Ade line is suspect from QUADratus, whom Josephus places in Syria's Antioch, ancient Seleucid capital. This place named Sant'Antioco, otherwise called Sulcis, in Sardinia. The ancestry of some of the Herod-Maccabee line, before it married Quadratus (Bassus surname), goes back to Seleucids in another route beside the most-ancient Maccabees.

It's notable here that the white-on-red bend of the Ade's is shared by Slucks/Slacks/Slaggs (Arches colors), a Seleucid-like surname. The only heraldic mouse I know of is on a bend in the same colors in the Misl surname, no doubt from mythical SiemoMYSL, who ruled the polish Mouse Tower. Slucks use "Bridge of three ARCHES" in Crest. The Modena-like Modane location of Savoy is on an ARC river, connectable to the Sluck arches, and indeed the Avezzano rose traced to Chambre down-river on the Arc from Modane. The Arches/Ark surname (three arches) was even first found in the same place (Berkshire) as Modens/Modeys! It's also where Peckers/Packers were first found who are probably using the Face/Fessy cross. As the Arthur and Artem/AITon surnames were first found in the same place as Ade's/AIDs, the ARCHibure variation of Arthurs thus traces to the Arc river.

It just so happens that Swedish Persons share the white rose with the Sachs, making the latter suspect with the namers of SCHAEvola (Saka liner?). The Person rose is in the red-on-white colors of the Pecker/Packer roses, and PAISleys use the white rose too. The red rose is used by Avezzano's, first found in Sardinia, but from Avezzano, up-river from Rieti. The Pulleys/Pullens, sharing a white bend with the mouse above, and colors reversed from the Archibald bend, use the martlet of French Josephs, and show a motto term linkable to rose-using Culps/Cope's, highly suspect from "Colapis," the river of Japodes that was also the Kupa river. Pulleys/Pullens are expected to be kin of Guiscards, themselves a line of Visconti's.

The Seyne location beside Toulon, because both are near Marseilles, can be of the Segens/Sagans because the Segantii peoples of Britain are linkable to the Mercians suspect with the Marsi namers of Marseilles. The Fucino area of the Marsi can even be from Foca, anciently Phocaea, the home of Phocaeans known to have co-founded Ligurians at Marseilles. Anders Fogh Rasmussen might then be of a Phocaea > Fucino liner. Phocaea was in Lydia, origin of Etruscans and Latins. As Segens/Sagans share the Douglas / Julian salamander, it's notable that Stoltenbergs share the heart with Douglas'. As the Stoltenberg heart is pierced, the Pierce / Percival / Pierson bloodline is expected with them in early times. With Fucino at the sources of the Salto, the SALAmander is expected as code for a Salto > Salyes > Sale line in partnership with "Laus"-using Manders.

I'm intrigued with the Seleucid elements in this picture, and now suspect with Josephus himself. Where the prophet Daniel first mentions the Seleucids, in chapter eight, it's immediately before the 70 weeks. He comes back to the Seleucids in chapter 11, and predicts them to be the runner-up to the end-time anti-Christ, the one who creates desolation of Israel in the 70th week. The Seleucids were lumped, by Daniel, in a forceful but incomprehensible way to the Roman beast. Prophecy scholars have had trouble with that connection, but my findings trace the line through the Maccabees. Vespasian was stationed in Syrian Caesarea, previously Mazaca, at the time that he was engaging Mucianus: "...Titus, by a Divine impulse, sailed back from Greece to Syria, and came in great haste to Cesarea, to his father." Mazaca is suspect with ancient Amazons of times previous to Herodotus, though in later times Amazons went to settle Mysia. It's all the Mucianus bloodline, isn't it?

If not mistaken, Herodotus is the only historian claiming that Amazons had first lived around Mazaca, and to this it needs to be added that he placed those Amazons in the Thermodon river, location of THEMIScyra. Remember this when I get to the THAMES surname below, for that surname will appear in conjunction with Thurri, where Herodotus went to live.

HERODotus was from Caria, which traces to Massa-Carrara in Tuscany, smack beside the Lucca location where Botters (same bend as Pulleys) were first found. Why does the Lucca surname use a cat while Cato's/Chattans use a "BOT" motto term? The Chattan motto phrase, "bot a glove," is code for the Macey glove, right? It just so happens, I have just discovered, that the Mucie/Mucy/Mousy surname (Brittany) uses a giant eagle in the colors of the Ghent eagle!!! Ghent is another name for Gaunt, you see, and the Macie glove is a GAUNTlet glove. There we have the codework discovered for that glove, and the Glove surname (Perthshire, between the Chappes' and Reeds) even uses gold wings in Crest!

The Glove Coat looks like the Catter Coat, but it should also be compared with the Alexander Coat, for as Alexanders were first found beside the island of Arran, where salmon-using MacAbee's were first found, Catter's are said to use salmon, and they are not only white like the MacAbee's salmon, but in the colors of the Rieti / Prude fish. The Alexanders, because they are suspect from the Alexander-named Maccabees, are likely sharing the Mott crescent while Motts are said to have been first found in the Cotes-du-Nord area of Brittany, thus being linkable to Mucie's. Catters were first found in the same place as Modens/Modleys and Arches', and, for those that don't know the significance of Modane and Modena, the Maccabees proper of Israel lived in Israel's Modi'in location.

Look, the Salmon surname (use salmon) is in the colors of the Saleman surname (same bend as Sale's), and the latter happens to use the same eagle as Mucie's and Ghents! These surnames are a branch of Sale's/Sallete's (same place as Masseys and Maceys), and therefore traceable to the Salto river flowing beside the Turano, and likewise flowing to Rieti. The eagle under discussion is used by Bush's, expected from Busca, between Fossano and Saluzzo, the latter two suspect as Salto-river elements in relation to Fucino elements. The Bush eagle makes it appear that the Cheney bend can apply to the Saleman bend, important because the Cheney bend uses footless martlets in colors reversed from the same of French Josephs. The latter's are in the colors of the Chaplet swans, and then the French Josephs previously showed a giant swan in those colors instead of the giant martlet now showing. It's a powerful revelation on what the Chap liners were when they link to the Joseph bloodline.

On the question of whether the Joseph surnames trace to Joseph Caiaphas or Josephus or both, it recalls how the Chief of the Kaplan surname, first found in the same place as English Josephs, and sharing a Chief in Joseph-Chief colors, uses what looks like a version of the Roet Coat (see also Cutters), important where I traced both book-using Roets and book-using Reeds to "Rieti." The Reed book is held by a left hand. I don't know whether Josephus married, but if he did, or even if he did not, he may have had children from someone in, or out of, Rieti. While this may speak on a Josephus link to Josephs, the double Joseph chevrons are linkable to the same of French Chaplins, who look like a Kaplan branch because the latter show a Chaplin variation, and this would speak to a Caiaphas line within the picture, and expected to be of the Chappes'. One needs to include the Roet-related Masters (same place as Masons) in this picture, suspect in using the Kaplan griffins.

On a wholly-different track that didn't consider a Caiaphas trace to Rieti (when there was no hint for such a thing), he got suspect from Avezzano, and it was only months afterward that I looked up the Titus surname (for the first time) to find that it shares the Moor head with Scottish Chappes'. I don't know whether Titus lived in Rieti, but that's where his great-grandfather (Flavius Petro ) lived. It makes Josephus suspect with the line of Caiaphas, as though both men may have become involved with that area, or someone from that area. He's of age to have been a son of Caiaphas.

There are multiple methods available to me now to show how Herods and Masseys were very, very close. That relationship goes to the marriage of Herods to the AristoBULUS-Maccabee line, suspect with Alexander BALAS, the Seleucid king, for more reason than the similarity of terms just pointed out. It is online that Herodotus went to live in Sybaris (near Scidrus / Palinurus) when it was renamed (5th century BC) Thurri . There is a question here as to whether Thurri's namers named the Turano river flowing at Rieti. It is known that Thurii was a Muse-loving city. It's known that Sybaris was founded from Greeks around Grecian Pisa, and I expect them at the naming of Roman Pisa, beside Massa-Carrara, and facing (more or less) Sardinia. A line from this entity is expected in the naming of the Mieszko Poles from a mythical mouse tower that I see as code for the Muses. "Descriptions of the wealth and luxury of Sybaris are plenty in the ancient literature. Smindyrides was a prominent citizen who is claimed by Herodotus to have surpassed all other men in refined luxury." SMYNDyrides looks linkable to the Greek, SMYNTHeus, the mouse cult of Apollo, chief of the Muses, and twin brother of the Amazon war goddess. At Wikipedia's article on Dagome, the alternative name of Mieszko I, it says, without explanation, that someone(s) thought his ancestry to be in Sardinia.

Josephus in Book IV: "...[Vespasian] sent Mucianus to Italy, and committed a considerable army both of horsemen and footmen to him...In the mean time, Antonius Primus took the third of the legions that were in Mysia, for he was president of that province, and made haste, in order to fight Vitellius..." A littler later, we find that Titus, while in Egypt, "lodged all night at a small city called Tanis. His second station was Heracleopolis, and his third Pelusium..." Pelusium was mythicized as Belus/Belas, father of Danaus of Mycenae. Tanis was the representation of Danaus, and a city previously ruled by the Meshwesh dynasty (21 Egyptian dynasty). Offshoots of that dynasty may have been the Meshwesh who joined the Benjamites for forming the Romans in the first place. It's notable that the Benjamin surname may be using a version of the Elis Coat, and I do trace Elis' to Elis of Grecian Pisa. I traced the Meshwesh of Tanis to the Amazons of Pisa whom the myth writers married to mythical PELops (Hermus river), who I traced in-turn to PELusium, an area around Tanis. Pelops' wife was a daughter of the king of Pisa, OENOmaus, whom traces to OENeus, father of Methoni, you see, smack beside PYLOS, like "PELUSium." "OenoMAUS" looks like its an Oeneus element merged with a Maus element.

Early in Book IV, there is mention of a location called Daphne that the footnote says was Dan, or what Judges reveals as being previously Laish, where Sidonians lived (according to Judges) that may have become the Seatons. Whether or not this Daphne location was Laish, it must have been nearby. Mythical Daphne was made at home, by myth writers, in the Ladon river of the Elis theater, and the neighboring Peneus river was made her father along with an alternative father, TIRESius, suspect wiith Tyrians (of what was then Tyrus) due west of Laish. The latter was smack beside Panias, like "Peneus," and was at mount Hermon, the reason that Pan was made the son of Hermes. This picture makes for a certain trace between elements at mount Hermon to the Greek area of Pisa (revealing that the latter was a stock of Tyrian Poseidon as he evolved into the Pisidians). Tiresias was given the caduceus rod as symbol that had been the symbol also of Hermes, a thing that argues for a Tyrian link to mount Hermon.

The family of Oenomaus was close to Chrysippus, a homosexual cult raped by Laius, the latter likely code for Laish because he was made a son of CADmus, a snake-depicted Poseidon-Tyrian entity that link obviously to the CADuceus of Hermes at Laish. But "CadMUS" also looks like it was intended for the Mus area of Lake Van, in Armenia, where a Cadusii peoples lived that were the obvious intention of "caduceus." It became my opinion that Oenomaus had previously been the Mus entity in Phoenicia that merged with JONathan, the pagan priest of the "Danites" at Laish = Dan. I put "Danites" in quotation marks because it's obvious that Dan was named, not necessarily / mainly by Israeli Danites, but by mythical Danaus out of Tanis. I reasoned that OENomaus and OENeus were versions of the Hebrew form of "JONathan" (Hebrews used the 'Y' instead of the Germanic 'J') which can explain why the Oeneus river was also "UNA." Therefore, this Danite cult of the Jonathan-line Levites became the namers of Juno and the chief Etruscan goddess, Ina. The latter's husband, Tinia, looks like an evolution from "Dan / Tanis."

There was another Daphne location in what became Antioch (the Seleucid capital), but also called, Harbiye, and then the HARVEy surname was traced (by me) to the ARVE river flowing to lake Geneva near Sion, and as the latter was also named Sitten, I trace Seatons/Sittens to it. The Harveys use a version of the Bellamy Coat, and Bellamys share the Seaton crescents. Moreover, Garveys use the double chevrons of Perche's while Bellamys lived at Perche. The Bellamys of Perche happened to marry Ferte-Mace, Norman origin of Maceys, you see. It's also interesting that Percivals share the bear with French Benjamins and Mackays, but let's not neglect the Elis-like Alis' who call it a MUZZLed bear as code for what I think was Musselburgh, home to Seatons and fox-depicted Faucets. Samson, whose symbol was the fox, was made a Danite by the writer of Judges, but he later evolved into Hercules (or Heracles), whom was a Danaan i.e. descended from Danaus at Tanis. The city of Heracleopolis, which you saw in the quote above as being beside Tanis and Pelusium, is a good place to trace the Samson entity. After Tinia and Ina, the chief god of Etruscans was Hercles.

Shortly after Josephus mentions Titus at Pelusium, Titus is in Gaza, followed by Jamnia (Israeli coast, I assume), followed by Joppa, the latter being where myth writers located mythical Danaus, and suspect as proto-Jupiter. But note how "Jamnia" is like the Jamin/Jaminet variations of French Benjamins. This part is new to me; I don't recall knowing of the Jamnia location.

It seems that Josephus knew his Danaus history, and if I recall correctly, Josephus entered upon Hyksos history, important because Hyksos were in / around Tanis not very long before the Meshwesh ruled it. I argued that the Exodus pharaoh was a Hyksos, and in so doing, I spurn the dating system of Egyptologists that makes it impossible for the Exodus pharaoh to have been a Hyksos. I reasoned that Moses, because he was named by the daughter of a Hyksos pharaoh, was named after Meshwesh / Mus elements, signalling that the Hyksos, whom are called alternatively Hebrews or Asians, were from the Mus area of Armenia, where also the Nairi lived suspect with the naming of Nahor, Abraham's brother. Wikipedia's article on the Adana area of Cilicia mentions (or mentioned) that it has been associated by writers with Danaans, but Adana was smack beside KIZZUWATna, which clearly appears named after "Heka KHASEWET," the Egyptian name of the Hyksos. Kizzuwatna and Adana were at Qewe, an entity I trace to the Cowes location on Wight, and therefore to Mackays / Quade's / Caws/Adams. Therefore, one can trace the Hyksos Hebrews to Maccabees proper, even as I argue that Maccabees were produced by a line of Numidian Meshwesh i.e. from king Massena). Numidians lived in / beside Tunis, a Tanis-like city of Tyrian Carthage, perhaps the most-disgusting city of all-time.

Woe to the Tyrians, the producers of humanic satan. They are expected in Troy, said to be the origin of Oeneus-like Aeneas, the Carthage-related founder of Rome. But Tyrians are also expected in Tyrrhenians, an alternative name of Etruscans, and made mythically the brother of Tarchon, the entity that you saw earlier in Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. Tarchon smacks of "Tarun" at the Mus area of Van. This was the Hebrew counterpart of the God of Israel. I don't think it's coincidental that the Taran/Tarent surname uses red eagles, capable of deriving from the Phoenix, the entity that was made the father of Cadmus. I view "Van" with "Pan / Panias" and assume that the latter was origin of "Phoenix / Phoenicia," but then this can trace to such terms as "Venice / Veneti," what historians commonly link to Etruscans. It works because the Veneti were traced anciently to "Heneti," while Pelops and his father ruled at Eneti.

It's not a coincidence that the Trents use a vertically-split Shield in colors reversed to the same in the Arms of Sion (the Sitten location), nor does it seem coincidental that the summit of mount Hermon had a peak called, Sion. Jerusalem, they say, was made of seven hills, one of which was Acra, and another being Zion. Daphne's Ladon entity (100-headed dragon) must have been the seven-headed dragon called Lotan, whom was defeated by Baal of mount Saphon, not far from either the Daphne that was otherwise Harbiye, or the Kizzuwatna theater. Saphon is now Aqra, like the name of the Jerusalem hill, and "Harbiye" is like "Gareb," a hill to the west side of Zion. The namers of Gareb were identified by me as the Rephaites of Jerusalem, and so note that Josephus, after he has Titus at his third station of Pelusium, has him at the fourth, Raphia.

Josephus was probably oblivious to the meaning of Revelation wherein it has a seven-headed dragon upon the seven hills of Rome. In the Revelation-17 prophecy, the seven heads are also said to be seven emperors, and the sixth one, who is said to be reigning at the time of Revelation, is thought to have been Domitian, Vespasian's son. That makes Titus (likewise Vespasian's son) the fifth head, with the fourth being Vespasian himself, who claimed to be God...a feature predicted by Daniel in the end-time anti-Christ, whom in Revelation 17 is an eighth head that revives the spirit of the seven. Josephus betrayed Israel and went over to the Revelation dragon. You can note that the woman of Revelation 17, because she rides the back of the dragon, is likely play on Europa, Cadmus' sister, as per her riding the back of the Zeus Taurus. Both Europa and the woman of Revelation 12 are raped by the ones who take them for their ride. Revelation was written in PatMOS, where the Maezaei of the Oeneus river trace without doubt.

It's my revelation alone that mythical Coronis and her snake-depicted son, Asclepios, were code for two Patmos cities, Chora and Skala. Coronis was like the father of Zeus, and her name traces to the Ceraunii peoples (see map) upon the Urbanus river to the opposite side of the Maezaei. "Asclepios" seems to be a double code, one for Skala but looking like "Ascalon," and one for "Lapith." Here's how Josephus puts it when Titus was commissioned to destroy Jerusalem: "After this [Titus] rested at Rhinocolura, and from thence he went to Raphia, which was his fourth station. This city is the beginning of Syria. For his fifth station he pitched his camp at Gaza; after which he came to ASCALON, and thence to Jamnia, and after that to Joppa, and from Joppa to Cesarea, having taken a resolution to gather all his other forces together at that place." Note that Titus is coming out of Egypt, even as the anti-Christ in Daniel 11:21-25 enters Egypt before conquering the Jerusalem temple in verse 31.

Ixion, the brother of Coronis, lived at the PARNassus area of Thessaly, which was the mountain of the Muses. I am tending to trace the namers of Parnassus to Burnum, which you can see on the map (left side) south of the Maezaei. Parnassus was near mount Bermium, called "Bermius" on this map (see near mount Olympus of Greece), in the Thessaly area. Wikipedia admits that the Seleucid kings, whom are front-and-center in the prophecy of the Daniel-11 anti-Christ, were in alliance with, and therefore perhaps related by blood to, THESprotians (a chief tribe of Epirus). "Protian" would be from "Epirotes," a term relating to "Epirus," and so note that, in Epirus, there is a Ceraunii mountain system, just like the Ceraunii tribe on the Urbanus (named after "Gareb / Harbiye"?). It appears here that the Coronis-Ixion Lapiths were at Epirus, and especially in the Thesprotians, but removed also to the Urbanus-river theater.

Burnum is beside SCARDona, and so let's repeat a quote: "The family-names of the Licinii are Calvus (with the agnomina Esquilinus and Stolo), Crassus (with the agnomen Dives), Geta, Lucullus, Macer, Murena, Nerva, SACERDos, and Varus." Varus liners were suspect with the Varni Nordics that were traced to the Narona area not far south of Scardona, where we see the Vardaei that became suspect with the Gards using what looks like a version of the Pulley/Pullen Chief. Varus liners were traced to "Pharia," off the Narona coast.

There is a Eordaea south of Bermium, and a Eordaei north of Epirus. This was realized to be the meaning of Gordias, the supposed father of mythical king Midas, and then Wikipedia's article on Midas makes a good case for identifying him with a Meshech entity in Mysia, yet Midas' roots are said to be at Bermium. Feasibly, the Cordes entity of the Mucius bloodline applies to Gordias liners. Gords are in Hord and Cordes colors, and the Hord Chief uses a raven, symbol of Coronis. Ixion (had a horse symbol suspect with HENETi = CENTaur) was expected to be from king Khyan, a Hyksos king ruling shortly before Apophis/Apepi (another Hyksos king), and while the latter has been trace to the Pepins, the white Pepin horse head is in the Hord Crest. Cords (hearts) use a fesse in colors reversed from the same of Horts/Hurts, and the latter's is suspect with the gold fesse of Herods/Hurls, first found beside the Cords and raven-using Mackie's/Mackeys. The Ladon/Ladd Coat shares a black-on-gold fesse with Cords, and throws in some scallops for the Asclepios line. The Ladon/Ladd Coat compares with the Meschin Coat, and is expected to be of a Lydian-Mysian partnership. Khyan's family (what was left of it) was expected in Gaza as per the Hyksos fleeing Egypt in the time of Apophis, for Hyksos are known to have escaped the lost war to Gaza, i.e. location of Ascalon. There was a quest of the Hyksos to defeat the Philistines, even as one can see Samson fighting them, but ultimately they trod the earth in all its parts as a dragon never desirous of rest. And their game was to kill and pillage, the devil incarnate. The Romans were just such demons, and even the Roman senate, lest you think that it was a grand thing deserving respect, tolerated / fueled the merciless and cruel takeover of nations by the Roman war machine. Washington is a resurrection of the Roman senate.

Ixion / Khyan can be expected with the naming of the chief tribe of Epirus, the Chaonians, and yet "Ixion" traces excellently to "Aeson / Iason," mythical father and son who lived in Thessaly. And these elements were also Iasion, brother of DarDANUS, founder of Trojans. In myth, the Aeson > Jason dragon merged with Amazons in Lemnos (Mysian coast), another indicator of the Meshwesh identification with Hyksos. The Massey PEGasus, which I link to the Pepin horse, has been suspect with the naming of Hyksos pharaoh, APACHnas. Recall how Peks/Pecks are linkable to Massins/Masons. This is my story, in a nutshell, for a decade of work to date. It has not disappointed in linking to the Revelation dragon, but has revealed the historical workings of the dragon cult from the Hyksos, and from the Exodus pharaoh, in many junctions of time and geography. It didn't dawn on me until after tracing the Hyksos to Sadducees that the Hyksos were in the Maccabees fundamentally. The Sadducees are now suspect from "Sidicini."

The first instance of placing my confidence in a Masonic trace to the Hyksos was where the German PACHs once showed a calf rather than the adult bull now showing (they call it a steer). At the time, I had read that APACHnas was thought to be the same king as Khyan, and the Pach calf, in gold, recalled the golden calf that Israelites made in the Mosaic wilderness when they chose to return to the Egyptian pharaoh. The gold calf was changed to the adult shortly after I mentioned it in writings, and has never been changed again since. Here is what Josephus says that locates a calf cult at the Ladon / Daphne cult:

...And these were both parts of Gaulanitis [Golan Heights today]; for Sogana was a part of that called the Upper Gaulanitis, as was Gamala of the Lower; while Selcucia [I think "Seleucia" was intended] was situated at the lake Semechouitis, which lake is thirty furlongs in breadth, and sixty in length; its marshes reach as far as the place Daphne, which in other respects is a delicious place, and hath such fountains as supply water to what is called Little Jordan, under the temple of the golden calf... War 4.1a

I expect a Massey / Varus liner to become the anti-Christ and/or False Prophet. Fast-forward to Donald Tusk, the former Polish leader now the head cheese of the EU, and having a surname that can possibly derive from "Tuscany." The Mieszko family is even said to be of a Piast entity, very linkable, in this picture, to "Pisa," especially as the Pisa/Piso surname is suspect with the Massin/Mason lion. My problem with tracing the line of anti-Christ to FreeMASONS, whom I root in the Freie and Mason surnames sharing the Pisa lion, is that I also expect the anti-Christ from Russia, or at least from Russians. If they are to be Western Russians, they would be expected from Rosicrucians and the Varangian Rus, known founders of Meshech-suspect Moscow. There is even a Mesech surname listed with Mieske's. The point here is that Poland gets one to the Russian border, wherefore it's feasible that a Freemason alliance with Russia may create the end-time slaughter of Jerusalem. While such an alliance doesn't seem feasible at this time, the previous leader of NATO, with Rasmussen surname attempted to make for favorable conditions toward commonality with Russia. The fact that Rasmussen led NATO recently tells that the world powers are controlled much by the Mucianus bloodline, right? Yes, but shortly after Rasmussen, they gave the EU Chair to Poland, the enemy of Putin at this time.

It has to do with the West seeking to get missiles into Poland ready for an attack on Russia, and Putin sees this with simultaneous disgust upon NATO. One may be able to glean that the fall of the Soviet empire was spearheaded by Poland in conjunction with the Republican Party of the United States. From at least shortly afterward, Republican choices for the President's office have largely been of Polish extraction (not necessarily having recent Polish backgrounds), and it included the Palin surname. The Pulleys/Pullens use a version of the Romney Coat while Republicans attempted to make Mitt Romney the last president. And it was found recently that Donald Tusk is traceable to the bloodline of Donald Trump in Polish-based Polabia / Kashubia (see "Kashubia" in the 4th update of last August). Much/all of Freemasonry, I realized, has the mouse-Mieszko element. The current political conflict between the West and Putin strives on the one hand to take Putin out, and, once accomplished, it can turn Russia into a West-friendly or even West-becoming nation. I don't know whether that will ever happen, for even if it seems that a Russian ruler is West-friendly, the traitorous inclination of man is well known.

Some pointed out that "NATO," spelled backward, is like "Odin," but what about OTTONE Visconti? There were multiple reasons for tracing Visconti's and Guiscards/WISharts to Mieszko I. It should be repeated here that Scottish Chappes were first found in the same place as Guiscards, and that this place was Stirling while Stirlings (the surname) share the Moor head with Titus' and French Chappes', the latter using the Ottone perchevron quite apparently. If we ask what the Moor head traces to, likely, it's from the Massena Numidians and/or the Murena/Moratin bloodline that shares the red tower with English Thors (Thurri line?). Didn't we just see that Murena's were of the Mucianus bloodline? It's not a coincidence that the original Visconti serpent had a Moor child in its mouth, not necessarily code for making Visconti's the enemy of the Moors, but possibly a play on a Moor-beloved line. Heraldry is filled with animals having items in their mouths that act as code for blood relatives by marriage.

Russia conducted its first airstrikes in Syria last week, and on [October 7] Moscow ramped up its war by unleashing cruise missiles from the Caspian Sea.

Western governments say the vast majority of Russian strikes have targeted rebel groups other than ISIS in an attempt to defend President Bashar Al-Assad's rule, despite claims from Russia it is targeting only ISIS.

There you have the West unhappy. Russia may have as aim to make the Americans look bad in their past fight against ISIS. This type of Russian involvement in Syria is a new development. The Americans, fresh from scoring the BIG DEAL with Iran, have promised weapons to the Kurds. Better get-in there before Russia does the same and takes the project and glory to itself. There is no end to publicized Western criticism over Russia, a situation that creates division and animosity, or what they call polarization of Western enemies. There is definitely a Russian tenancy to cozy up with Iran ever since the criticism started.


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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