Previous Update

Updates Index

(if there are any to speak of)
March 24 - 30, 2015

Add Pope Sixtus V to the Pierleoni List
Benedicts on a Second Avon River
Secrets in the Arms of Dudley
The Caesarean Section at the Glina Tributary of the Kupa
The Cappeo Vision Proves True to the Kupa

For a reader hopping into an update for the first time, there is not much I can say in an introductory paragraph to explain everything needed before proceeding. The only readers able to follow are those taking the time needed to get a solid idea of the entire scope. It is probably impossible to follow unless the heraldic Coats are loaded and viewed. It would be helpful to have a photographic memory, or to at least spend some time to get to know Coats, and to understand what I'm saying about them. I did the work over years to be able to present to you the relevant Coats, and you need only decide whether I am correctly interpreting the evidence and the codes. It is far best that you load Coats on a separate browser(s) rather than clicking back and forth from the update page. It might take longer for one to read an update than the week it takes me to write it, but that's what it'll take for a solid understanding of what I'm doing. I know that few have the time to follow this in that way. My hope is...actually, I should have no such hopes as I should just allow God to do what He wants with this. One of my goals at this time is to discover the parent(s) of Josephs Caiaphas, and in the meantime to prove that heraldic masters and leading Templar families knew that all of heraldry had, at its foundations, Caiaphas and his circle of Christ killers. These updates are jot-down format (sub-titles don't usually reflect the roaming topics well) making it hard / impossible to have a pre-plotted storyline. I'm no longer doing final proof-reads, please excuse the imperfections / mistakes.

The triloBITES and scorpions of the Obamaites are sending Netanyahu an iron-fanged threat: get out of the West Bank now, or we're going to stick you with heat. The time for the cold shoulder is over; the time for the O-nited States to apply the venomous heat looks on its way. But a slap-happy Israel sees irresistible opportunity to take the nerve center of the O-pests to migraine levels:
...Unhappy with the President's comments, MK Ayelet Shaked (Jewish Home) demanded Monday that Obama stop interfering in the internal affairs of the Jewish State.

"Just as I don't determine Obama's ministers, he does not have to determine for us," Shaked said during an interview with the Knesset Channel. "The United Stated needs to respect the will of Israeli people."

"Settlement building will be one of the basic guidelines of the next government," she continued, "and just as I don't interfere in American if they build in Florida or California, they don't need to interfere in building in Judea and Samaria."

The trilobites had a story circulated worldwide, charging that Netanyahu spied on US-Iran negotiations. This came before Netanyahu had time to re-cooperate from his victory bash. No time to lose; the trilobites are on the march spewing their putrid spit at Israel. The White House would have us be oblivious to the biggest spy in the world by far. The Wall-Street-Journal article says that the White House discovered Israeli spying on American while it was spying on Israel. Here's the accusation, spun in the worst-possible light:

The White House was reportedly particularly upset by Israel's use of the information in talks with US lawmakers, intended to derail the Iran talks. "It is one thing for the US and Israel to spy on each other. It is another thing for Israel to steal US secrets and play them back to US legislators to undermine US diplomacy," a senior US official told the Journal.

Netanyahu was playing secrets back when addressing Congress? But wait. Obama claimed that Netanyahu said nothing new when he was addressing Congress. I therefore see the White House spewing lies to tarnish Obama's enemy. Obama needs a crib, like other babies.

At least one Western media reported that U.S. tax dollars were flowing through Israel to topple Netanyahu. Here's some apparent facts on that issue. It was probably a one-to-two year effort, which is why it hurts the Obaby so much.

In actuality, there is an anti-Christ spirit in Mosul right now if the reports concerning ISIS are largely true. It is exactly what was predicted in Scripture: a harsh killing machine with a brute-vocal leadership opposed to both Christians and Israel, starting small in numbers and calling for the annihilation of Israel. This Sunni effort is even on a threshold for to topple Syria, as I think Isaiah predicts. If lack of money for war has been the problem, money and other forms of help from Obama might just start to flow through larger hoses starting about now.

But even if he has nothing much to do in Syria from here on, the conditions for an anti-Christ based in Mosul are perhaps already set up. The U.S. is unwilling to do the necessary things to oust ISIS from Mosul, and the Iraqi's may not succeed in that coming task. Perhaps this is a prophetic necessity, the firm implantation of Sunni into Mosul prior to the entry of the anti-Christ man.

Unfortunately, even some readers here are contributing to some serious false ideas on what the man should look like. Fortunately, this will be a mild rebuke to you who are contributors. What is it that you don't understand about the plain black and white where it says, "one of the seven heads"? How many men do you know of with seven heads? Why do you teach that the anti-Christ must suffer a head wound and arise afterward as if the text is referring to the head of a man? What is it that blocks your proper thinking where it clearly says, "one of the seven heads" will suffer a mortal / fatal wound?

Then there are those who teach that the man will come a perform a peace treaty with Israel. What clouds your thinking when you read "he will make a covenant with many"? Why do you claim that "the many" refers to Israel? Where else do we read in Scripture that "the many" refers to Israel? Where else in prophecy do we read of the anti-Christ brushing up sweetly to Israel in something like a peace treaty? What's wrong with you that you would take that position? Have you not read the prophecies? Yes, all the prophecy "experts" have, and yet they still teach that there will be a peace treaty before the final years arrive. Can't you see what damage they are doing by painting the wrong picture of the man? Consider yourself lucky, I'm not your judge for passing sentence.

Then there are those who teach that the mark and number of the beast on the right hand will not be an actual number on the right hand. What ails these people? The only things of concern after we take the text at face value is whether the Revelation was or was not a true vision from God, and whether the mark will be a global or Western thing verses local to the anti-Christ empire and/or Israel alone. I've never read historical precedent concerning a mark on the hand for purchasing purposes; where did John get that idea of if wasn't a true vision? By what coincidence is there a global purchasing system in place right now that can operate from a number on the hand? If Revelation was not a true vision, then John must have had hallucination problems? Were they smoking something on Patmos, or did John really get the Vision? What normal person would predict such a thing as the mark of the hand where no one could purchase things apart from it? Have we ever read that the Romans were thinking of such a thing?

They didn't have gunpowder in the days of the Romans, and so where did John get the idea of a "star" falling from the sky and creating a vast pit described as a fiery furnace with cloud of smoke? It sounds like a bomb, but a lot bigger than what a truckload of TNT is capable of. It doesn't say that a bundle of rods fell from the sky, but rather a star, something that shines. It sounds like a missile, doesn't it? Where did John get such an idea? He even has it along with a complete destruction of the planet, by the sounds of it, and no one scoffs anymore at his predictions.

Nahum is the prophet who's rarely quoted. It took someone writing in to me to make me realize that the anti-Christ would arise in Mosul (part of ancient Nineveh). Someone who plots evil against God, it says in 1:11, will arise from Nineveh, and then the text goes on to indicate that the end times are in view. But I had missed this, and most others have too. The last verses of chapter 1 speaks on the feet of One who brings good news upon the mountains, followed by the claim that Israel would no more be invaded. That's the good news, but it can't come until after the final tribulation of Israel, which is yet future.

So, out of the many prophecy writers, I was roughly alone in predicting the rise of the anti-Christ in Mosul. Some of my readers were excited to see ISIS take Mosul, especially at a time when Israel is opposed by the Obabys and the spankin' new EU. And that's another thing: the Roman empire has been revived in the EU. We are to expect the revival of one of the seven heads. Which one? But that's another problem in prophecy land: no one seems to understand that the seven heads are seven Roman emperors. I don't understand what ails prophecy land. I have started to believe that the Dragon cult itself started to write prophecy books to get prophecy writers teaching the wrong picture in-time for the introduction of the 666 system. I think that they had planned on having it here by now, but the Internet came along had robbed the globalists of full powers over us, for people started to spread the message on globalism, and it wasn't a pretty picture. The globalists have since implored the Googles of the world to censor anti-globalist writers, but, by the looks of it, they will need to FORCE the world to "accept" their scheme because not all are in favor. And that's the prediction of John in Revelation, that the 666 will be forced upon the peoples.

However, I cannot be fully sure that the 666 system will be the computerized system in use everywhere for electronic deduction from bank accounts. I can imagine ISIS spreading a 666 system in its own "small" empire within the Middle East, for ISIS is right now forcing Arabs to comply with all sorts of items. The Control Freaks are with us, worldwide, and the Obamaites are spurring them on. My understanding is that the Biblical Greek word for "world" can mean "land" so that the entire world is not necessarily in view when that term is used.

I haven't been able to load Drudge Report for as long as a year with dial-up service. Fortunately, I willingly stopped going to Drudge before that, due to the constant gay stories. Do we need to be reminded of such sick things near daily? Mr. Drudge, you need your head re-screwed. Virtually seven out of 10 pages at World Net Daily do not load; the refresh button needs to be clicked to get them to reload. I don't get the loading problems with other news pages. I see programs tailored by search engines to make for a more-difficult time when accessing the conservative news sites. (WND has near-daily gay news too, and is going the rotten way of world class, taking naive Christian readers with them. In very bad taste, WND has irrelevant, money-maker paragraphs in the middle of their articles.)

It came out in the news that other people in Hillary's state department were using private email accounts for government business. No one should even think that Obama was oblivious to it, for they would not have tried something like that without his approval. In fact, it was likely his idea in order to hide the rotten parts of his agendas. The idea was to make the emails inaccessible to people and other government agencies, and in the meantime to have an excuse for deleting the incriminating emails. Hillary has been caught in several scandals over the many years, and, still, a whopping number of American stupids are willing to make her the president. It's a sign of the times. In a recent poll, about 30 percent of Americans say that she's honest. The nation is fast becoming a nation of cheaters, liars and conniving demoniacs from the highest levels down.

Hypocrisy. Why don't we hear calls from the West to create a Russian State in Crimea? What's the difference between that situation and the one in Israel? The Russians in the Crimea reject the Western government in the Ukraine. The Palestinians s in Israel reject the Israeli government and wish to be a part of the Arab world. Why does the West tolerate and even desire a breaking away of Palestinians at Jerusalem while not condoning the same opportunity for Russians in the Crimea? Hypocrisy.

Pierleoni Were From Rimini

The last update gave the impression of a largesse Jewish "nation" between the northern banks of the Tiber at Trastevere, and the Fiora river further to the north. This Jewish entity from the Pierleoni's was apparently built on top of non-Israelite Joktanites and Pelegites, as well as the wayward Benjamites, in the same area. I've always wondered whether non-Israeli Hebrews were found out by any wayward Israelites. How would the Israelites have identified Hebrews lines that no longer spoke Hebrew? Surely, those at Rome would have been Latin speakers.

Might there have been an understanding in ancient times, perhaps as late as 500 BC, that certain Greeks had been from Hebrews? Would there not have been special symbols for these Hebrew lines? In fact, the mainline Greek gods were, by and large, from Babylonian Hebrews merged with Iranian elements. My view to the present time, after about a decade of roughly full-time seeking, is that the wayward Israelites in the book of Judges, upon entering Phoenicia (Laish) and becoming the Hermes cult to Lydia's Hermus river, evolved into Latins. It would only make sense to expect the pagan Levite descendants of Jonathan, in Judges, in the land of Latins and/or Etruscans. The last update bounced upon various certain geographical hot spots, while seeking to find the real Caiaphas history in this regard. It found a migration from Capua to lake Baccano on the north of Trastevere.

Although I haven't seen Trastevere on any map, it is said to be south of Vatican City, the latter to the west of the northern section of the seven hills of Rome. Sandwiched tightly between Vatican City and the seven hills, there are two related entities that I didn't know of in the last update: 1) Borgo; 2) Leonine City. "Borgo...lies on the west bank of the Tiber [across the river from the seven hills]. Its coat of arms shows a lion (after the name 'Leonine City', which was also given to the district), lying in front of three mounts and a star. These - together with a lion rampant - are also part of the coat of arms of Pope Sixtus V..." Trastevere is said to be the southern boundary of Borgo.

I wonder what the Aurelio was named after that seems to be the southern side of Vatican City: "The Borgo is bordered by Vatican City (Saint Peter's Square) to the west, the Tiber to the east, Prati to the north, the quartiere Aurelio to the southwest and Trastevere to the south." There's a good chance that Prati traces to the modern Prut, the Pyratus and other such spellings in the past, in Moldova. The Prut's mouth is near Galati, but then the Buzau river flows to Galati, and the Cotesii on the Buzau are expected with Aurelia Cotta.

Aha! Pratts share gold-on-black mascles with Peters, and to prove a Pratt trace to Prati, this location is said to have a RIENzo area and/or a main street (Via Cola de Rienzo) by that name, which must be in the "rien" motto term of the other Peters! It is no small thing to be able to trace the heraldic Peters to a spot almost bang-on Trastevere!! The Peter lion can now be identified tentatively with the Buchanan lion, traceable to lake Baccano. Rienzo is a Raines-like term now suspect in the naming of Renfrew, where Pollocks were first found.

Previously, the same Peter surnames (all three linkable) were traced to Flavius Petro, grandfather of emperor Vespasian, in Rieti, for the Arms of Rieti use a motto term like "Pratt / Prude," and moreover share fish with Prude's. Vespasian became suspect with the one head of seven (of Revelation's dragon) that gets a revival (not at all meaning that Vespasian himself will come back to life). The Revelation harlot is said to sit UPON the seven hills. Pratts were first found in the same place as Quints while the Shropshire Lowens/Lewins share the same chevron as Quints.

To find the harlot, look for grail cups, for her lovers in Masonry would use them in her honor. The grail-using Christians were suspect with Benedictus Christianus, patriarch of the Trastevere Pierleoni. But the Christian grails are used in the same colors by Pellets (and Pilotte's) while Pratts use pellets (= black roundels)!!! Zowie.

Although the Roys were treated in the last update as per the "le roy" motto phrase of Benedicts, a Leroy surname wasn't checked out. One of them is the Roys (stars in colors reversed to the Benedict star), and another has a bend in the colors of the Jewish Pollock bend. However, this Leroy bend is suspect more with that of Skulls/Sculls (lions in Loewenstein-lion colors), for the Benedict motto uses "bon." The Skull (six lions beside a white bend) and Bone (six lions beside a white bend) duo are suspect here, especially as Dutch Bones share the white-on-red crescent with the Leroys. Compare the symbols in these surnames to those of the Beaumonts and Beaufords, and then see the Roets / Beaufords in the last update for how it related to Loewensteins.

The Beaumonts (bull head) who share the white-on-red crescent have 10 of them circling around the same lion as used by Beaufords and Loewensteins. We will see this lion crop up below in the Montfort lion, wherefore note that Simon de Montfort received the titles of the Leicester Beaumonts.

Below is a map showing Trastevere more southward than I imagined in the last update. It is very close to the southern-most of the seven hills, the Aventine hill, thus explaining, I assume, the "counts of Aventino" that the Habsburgs claimed to derive from. In the last update, it was shown that the Habsburgs traced themselves to the Pierleoni. One can see "Aventino" directly across the Tiber from Trastevere.

In all the times while stressing Massey liners, the Massimo term beside Aventino never entered my mind. The Massimo's, first found in the same place (Bologna) as Mavis'/Maurovi's, use three thin bends, as do Mavesyns. The Maules surname (green dragon) in the Mavesyn write-up use a Shield split vertically in the colors of the same of Chads (same place as Benjamins), while St. Chad had traced to Mavesyn by the fact that Chadwicks are said to be from Mavesyn-Ridware. There are a lot of good things here. The Maules dragon looks to be of the style used by Seatons/Sittens, and then the Arms of Sion/Sitten use a Shield split in the colors of the Maules Shield.

Before loading the Maules', I was wondering whether Borgo would trace to John de Burgo, father of Conteville's, rulers of Comyns/Comines (same place as Chads), and here we find a "Clementia" motto term of Maules that can trace to the Clements, first found in the same part of Wales (Powys) as the Commins location in the Comyns write-up. We are very close here to tracing the Hampshire Burghs and Josephs to this Roman geography under discussion. The Maules' even use scallops in the colors of the Habsburg-related Happs/Abbs.

The "rigore" motto term of Maules' seems applicable to Rigors using the "white bird" of Stirrups whom were accessed in the last update from the stirrups of the Italian Latins. The Rigors call it a stork, however, and so I was wrong, I assume, to view the Stirrup bird as the Kronkite crane (all three in the same colors). However, this recalls that Rogers were traced to Crociatonum (Manche) along with Kronkite's. Manche is where Masseys were first found that may have had the Massimo branch. The white Maules scallops are in Massey-fleur colors, but then the related Meschins use white scallops too while having a branch in Yorkshire's Craven district, relevant because Maules' (Craven colors) were first found in Yorkshire. The Cravens (dragon in Crest) have a fesse in colors reversed to the white-on-red fesse that is the Arms of Austria...i.e. naturally borrowed by the Habsburgs. But the "actione" motto term of Cravens goes to Actons with a fesse in the colors of the Austria fesse.

The "ConSISTit" motto term of Cravens is perhaps a very clever one, partly for Conteville elements from Borgo, and partly for the Sistine chapel (Vatican City), which did not come to mind when I was on the Siston surname in the last update. I neglected to say that the Siston/Sissel griffin heads are in the colors and design used by the Hampshire Chaplins/Kaplins. The Sistons are the ones who introduced BERKeleys (said to descend from a Roger) who eventually led to a query on whether they were of the Burgo > Conteville line. Sistons had been treated as Gorgonic Sicilians expected in the Cacus / Cecil cult of Rome, and so let's repeat that Cacus was given the bull symbol of Gorgon-suspect Geryon, while Skull-related Beaumonts, first found in the same place as Sistons, use a bull head in Crest. The Skulls/Sculls are a Skala line to Sicilys Scylla, aren't they?

I've neglected to mention until now that the Massena/Messina patees are in the colors of the same of BERKeleys, important because it supports a Sissel trace to Sicels of Messina.

If we are convinced that Beaumonts trace to the Loewenstein lion, let's add in the French Beaumonts with a fesse in the colors of the Arms of Austria / Habsburgs.

I neglected to say in the last update that the Berkeley patees are in the colors of the Chad patees. Patees trace to Patti, beside Scylla, but they also trace to the Patty surname sharing the Raines' lions. English Beaufords (Norfolk) use more patees in the colors of the Benjamin (Norfolk) annulets.

It just so happens that I was going into some added points on various Kent surnames before re-loading the Sistons here, only to find that Bests, suspect in the "Hope for the best" motto of Sistons, were first found in Kent. French Bests/Bes' use a "cis" term, which prodded a check for a Siss surname in case it's listed with Sistons, and it is! I was crossing my fingers while it loaded because the Best star is in the colors of the Aurelio/Aurelia stars. It would be super to confirm that Aurelia Cotta traces to the "quartiere Aurelio" on the southwest" of Borgo, and smack beside Trastevere, for her son (Julius Caesar) was expected in the last update to produce the line to Caiaphas from Jewish woman having a home / roots in this Rome theater.

I would suggest, under the circumstances at hand, that Bests trace to the Beastons/Bessins. The Siss/Siston Coat definitely looks like a version of the Master Coat, part of the Massimo bloodline. Masters and Siss'/Sistons use the same griffin design, in the same colors, as well as sharing the "embattled" feature, likely code for griffin-using Battle's. It's indication that Sistons do trace with their Sissel variation to Sicels at the Scylla area of Messina, where the Meschin scallops trace. That likely reveals the gold Battle griffin to be a version of the white griffin of Ali's/Aliotta's, first found in Messina. It was recently gleaned that the Battaile variation goes to Ivry-la-Bataille (Eure) of the Ivery surname, which links the surname to Hanan-related Ivers/Eure's both using the Massey / Vere Shield. I read that Annas of Israel (Christ killler) was called Hanan by Hebrews.

The Masters share a rare motto term with Roets, and as such it brings Masters close, likely, to the Roet-related Beaufords. This was the Boofima-cult line that traces to Boeufs/Beefs using a fesse in colors reversed to the Non/Nevin fesse for a reason, and that's where the "Non" motto term of Masters comes in.

Actons, with a Axton location in Kent, are now suspect with Habsburgs. Massins/Masons and Masters were first found in Kent too. Meschins had married Clare's of Tunbridge in Kent. Meschins were also merged with Eggertons (Cheshire) who had a location in Kent. I don't recall knowing of Tanglust Beatrix Meschin Egerton..."born De Keveliock De Bertrade Countess of Chester De Evreaux De Montfort." That should make the Eggerton lion a colors-reversed one of the Montfort lion, possibly relevant because Loewensteins (same as Pierleoni) use the lion in both their colors schemes.

I checked the Clerks/Clarks for links to Meschins / Eggertons because Tanglust had a son with a Mr. Malpas (of a Malpas location in Cheshire), David De Malpas Le Clerk Egerton. The Clerks are listed with French Clairs so that, indeed, Clerks/Clarks can trace back to this particular Meschin liner. Scottish Clarks, using a motto and a lion that's connectable to Massins/Masons, are said to have been tied to Camerons who share bunched arrows in Crest with the Eggerton Crest.

Tanglust is said to have been born in Montfort of Dordogne (Aquitaine), and the Dordogne theater is where Boeufs/Beefs were first found. This Montfort area may relate to the Montfort between Rennes and Cotes-du-Nord. The latter also goes by an Armor term, perhaps in the "armis" motto term of Eggertons. A trace from the Rienzo entity of Prati to the namers of Rennes can explain why the Montforts use a lion in the colors of the Loewenstein lion. The "non" motto term of Eggertons (and Masters) is used by Nagle's while there is a Dutch TENGnagle surname that can apply to TANGlust. Nagle's are also "Angulo," and kin of Angels/Angles sharing the pegasus with Masseys.

With all of this talk on Massey liners, the time has come to say that the gold Benedict lion is also the gold Maschi lion, albeit on different-colored backgrounds. The pine cones of Maschi's trace to Cone = Conte liners now suspect at Rome's Borgo. Plus, as Benjamites of Israel's ancient Rimmon have become suspect on the west side of the Tiber, let's add that Maschi's are said to be from Rimini. Look again on the map of Rome to see the castle of Sant'Angelo at Borgo. Don't assume that Angelo was a true saint, for the Vatican was filled with political stooges.

The Clare's had ruled Pembroke while Pembroke's (Pratt colors) were first found in Avon, while Avons come up as Avent, which suggested (last update) Aventino, the latter now found as a location smack beside the Massimo term mentioned above. Then, it just so happens that the Mazzo Coat uses the Pembroke bend-with-dragon. Masso's/Mussolini's (trace to Marshalls and Keiths in the same place as Seatons/Sittens), who use lozenges in colors reversed to the Peter / Pratt mascles, were first found in the same place as Massimo's! Mascles are suspect with either Mussels/Muscles (same place as Peters, Pilotte's, and Ranulph le Meschin's wife) that named Musselburgh in the Lothian land of Keiths, or the Masculine variation of Mussel-related Meschins. It looks like Roman elements at Aventino were in southern Wales at least. The Avon/Avent lion is in the colors of the Maschi lion, albeit in a different position.

The Avon/Avent stag is identical with the one used by Eustace's (one can see the object on the throats of both, not generally part of other stags), while Eustace's see the same cross as Irish Burghs/Burks!!! It's amazing evidence of their trace to the Borgi theater! What does it mean to have Romans in southern Wales (i.e. Pembroke), home of Merlin and other Arthurian elements? Didn't Cacus trace to northern Wales with Geryon and Hercules?

The style of lion used (round-tailed) in the Avon/Avent Coat is used, in the same colors, on one half of the Gate Coat. An upright lion in the colors of these upright lions is used by Crim(m)ons/RIMMONS, the latter having a "divis" motto term likely for the Diens/Dives' showing the old Masci wing (no longer showing). It tends to prove that Crimmons/Rimmons are from Rimini, and then the river flowing past Rimini goes near to Monte GRIMANO, like the Crimon variation. Look at the three, piled objects behind what looks like an winged woman in the Arms of Monte Grimano, for they look like the three so-called "mounts" in the Arms of Leonine City.

The Cambridge Dives' use white scallops in the colors of the Maules / Happs/Abbs scallops. As the Dives river flows near Caen, while the Caves' share the Caen fretty Shield, it is likely that the Caves' trace to the Capes' because the latter likewise have the Dives scallops. Therefore, one can trace also to the Cambridge Chapmans and Capone's, essentially beside the Capes' of London. This is a good argument for tracing Cavii to Chap-and Cap- bloodlines through Caves elements at the Caen theater, in the Bessin, where Meschins lived who likewise use white scallops. Maules are said to have merged with Mavesyns while the latter are traced to the northern part of Paris, in the same area that Chappes' were first found, and so one has reason to investigate the tracing of Chadwicks (from Mavesyn-Ridware) to Rimini's Pierleoni elements. But pope Leo's name is fast becoming suspect with the Levi surname, likewise first found in northern Paris.

It's the Maules' who use a "rigore" motto term, and then the Rigor stork is said to be on a "mound," but there are three mounds, really, under that stork. Why three? Scottish Mounds are using the same lion as Habsburgs and Lee's/Leighs/Lighs, on a mound. English Mounds/Munds (bees) were first found in the same place (Shropshire) as Lowens/Lewins, and the latter share elephant heads with Pettys who in-turn share Peter-related parrots with the Peeble surname while Scottish Mounds were first found in Peebles-shire.

It's very possible that "Leo" is part of the Lee bloodline. The Lee's/Lighs have always been suspect with the Laevi Ligurians, but this was years before knowing that Aide's, in the Levi motto, share black leopard faces with Irish Lee's. Lee's/Lighs were first found in the same place (Cheshire, beside Lowens/Lewins) as Sale's suspect with Salyes Ligurians. The fact that Lee's/Lighs use lions speaks well for their link to Leo's.

The MALATesta castle in the Maschi write-up might just trace to Maules', but its notable that online genealogies show the Meschins of the Bessin descended from MALAhule of More. If I was correct to trace Payens / Paine's to Balso D'Espaines, a descendant of Malahule and fore-father of Meschins, let's repeat that Italian Leons share the same fesse colors with Paine's/Payne's using a "Malo mori" motto phrase.

I suggested that Grimaldi's were to be understood as GriMALET, and here we find a Grimano element at Rimini's MALATesta. It just so happens that I have been on the look-out for gold-on-blue scallops ever since seeing them above in the Aurelio Coat, and here we find them in the Mallet Coat. It wasn't until the day after writing here when the gold-on-blue scallops were found also on the "rien"-using Peter Coat!

The mallet motto term, "D'en," gets the Den surname listed with Deins, first found in the same place (Sussex) as Diens/Dives'. While Mallets were first found in the same place as Beacons/Bacons, French Mallets (Normandy) use BUCKles, suggesting a Mallet trace to lake Baccano, about 20-25 miles from Aurelio, and not much more from Aventino. The Dens/Deins happen to use a gold, round-tailed lion, symbol of the Avons/Avents (and Gate's). How about that.

Can the Dens/Deins link to Mazzo = Pembroke liners at Avon? Yes, for the crescents in the Den/Dein Chief are likely the same as those in the Massey/Massa Chief, for Diens use the Masci wing (but why is it upside down?).

The Maules may trace to Malatesta by the fact that Maules use a "Clementia" motto term while Italian Clements (black boar) were first found in Rimini. Moreover the Italian Marino's, likely from San Marino at Rimini, are using the black nebuly bends of English Clements. The black bend of the Cheshire Malls/Mallibone's/MARLYbone's (see black bend of Marleys too) is then suspect with this Malatesta / Maules line. Repeat: Maules are in the write-up of bend-using Mavesyns. It is likely here that the black bends in these surnames are shared closely by the Bessins / Bistons and Sale's/Salette's. It's not coincidental that Clements are derived in MERCIful, code for Mercians. If I'm not mistaken, Mercians controlled Cheshire, where Sale's/Salette's were first found, who were from the Salto river near the Marsi home of Fucino.

The source of the Dives river is no more than about five miles from Gace, recalling the several instances of mentioning a trace of Gate's and Cage's to "Gace." As I view the Wassa/Gace surname with MITANni elements, let's show the entire Crimon/Rimmon motto: "PerMITTE caetera divis." The MITTENs/MOUTons (double-headed eagle), whom have been viewed for years as important Mitanni liners suspect with Maccabees of Modi'in, use a Shield split vertically in colors reversed from the same of Gate's and Cage's, the latter first found in Cambridge once again (where Dives' were first found). MOUTon-suspect Modens/Modeys (BERKshire) share a fretty Shield with Caens and Caves'. Plus, the Cage stag is the Stacy/Eustace stag i.e. able to trace Cage liners to Borgo of Rome, and the Stacy saltire is colors reversed from one half of the Cage saltire. If that's not enough, the Cage saltire can be gleaned as the Messey/Messier saltire on the other side.

Mittens/Moutons first found in the same place as Lowens/Lewins, proto-Stewarts, and Meschins (share white scallops with Mars/Maure's), and moreover we are about to trace Rimini elements to the Trastevere theater, where Benjamites and Jabesh-ites were expected aside from any Rimini considerations. Mittens/Moutons use the ram (perhaps from royal RaMESSES elements), a symbol that can trace to "Rimini" elements. As French Mars/Maure's/More's (same place as Messeys/Messier's) are traced to "ram" (no doubt mere code), note the modern name of the river through Rimini province (from Wikipedia's Rimini article): "...the Romans founded the colony of Ariminum, probably from the name of a nearby river, Ariminus (today, Marecchia). Previously the area had been Gaulish, from the 6th century BC, to that group's final defeat in 283 BC by the Umbri..." While the Messey/Messier saltire is the flag of MERCIA, it's very interesting that the old Ariminus river is now the MARECCIA. The "tree without LEAVES" in the Coat of Masseys/Massa's thereby suggest a Laevi-Marici relationship with Maschi liners. The Laevi were Gauls!!

It's a new idea here that the Jonathan-Levite line should have been roosting in the Rimini area with the Benjamite liners, but why not? Oeneus elements are expected from a Modon (Methoni) line to Modena, after all, and in the meantime hooked to Massey liners that named Messene. While the Oeneus river is beside the Maezaei people, the Marecchia is one major river north of the one flowing near Urbino and Urbania, important because the Maezaei were between the Urbanus and Oeneus. Urbania is on a river flowing to Fano. Urbino is about 25 miles south of Rimini, and closer still to Cattolica. In light of these things, I disagree with historians when they define "Urbino" as "urban = city."

Therefore, as Juno's Levite elements are now expected at the Rimini theater, let's recall that Cockers are sharing the black-on-white fleur of June's (Cambridgeshire again), for Cocks use the lozengy of the Grimaldi Shield. And lozenges trace to Losinj, directly off the Adriatic coast from Rimini.

As Cilnius Maecenas (BC times) has been suspect as a descendant of Maccabee founders in Modena, this is a good place to repeat that he and his Cilnius family lived in Arettium = Arezzo. The Marecchia (may have named Marche through which it partially flows) has its source about ten miles from the Tiber's sources, and in the province of Arezzio. This Marecchia-Tiber situation is a good way for the Benjamites and their Massey kin (from Meshwesh of Tanis, I reasoned, where one or more of the king Ramesses operated for a time) to get to Rome. The point here is that the Marecchia flows down to the San Marino theater while Maecenas married a Murena family. The Spanish Murena/Moratin Coat shares the tower symbol with the Arms of San Marino. The latter's towers look capped with white feathers (link to Caen Crest?). The Mars/Maure's/More's may apply here. French Marche's share a three bends with Italian Marino's and French Merits/Merais'.

I don't recall whether it was determined that heraldic bends are code for Benjamite liners, but in any case, the Arms of Urbino uses bendy in the colors of the Guerra bendy. Guerra's trace to Pincum elements in the Setta-valley crew suspect with potent crosses. Then, near Urbino is Pesaro with an Arms showing someone's vertically-split Shield in colors reversed to the same of potent-using Chads, first found in the same place as Benjamins. The theory had been that "Pincum / Panico / Pinc/Pink / Beng/Bink" were variations from a long history of Benjamite liners to the Panico's in the Setta valley.

I can't find a Pesar-like surname, but the Pase's/Pasi's/PACENTI's, first found in the same place as the Setta valley, can apply because "The city was founded as Pisaurum by the Romans in 184 BC as colony in the territory of the Picentes..." As Pasi's have been trace to Renfrew's Paisely, it jibes with a trace of Pollocks to this Rimini discussion. I think we have just found a trace of Peters and Paisleys to Pesaro. And ZOWIE, the Pike's even use a vertically split Shield in the red and white seen in the Arms of Pesaro!!!

That is a good key. Pesaro now becomes suspect with the namers of the Pek river, the Peks/Pecks, Packers/Peckers, Becks, Beckers, Bakers, Bachs, and more. I'm not suggesting that they all need to trace through Pesaro, however. I'm seriously entertaining "Pesaro" as one of many Pek-river branches, keeping in mind the pike fish of Geddes' who moreover share the escutcheon of Chaddocks and Chadwicks, and a "Capta" motto term. I don't think it's coincidental that Chads and related Chadwicks have both traced well to Pesaro within a couple of paragraphs with no special design of mine to make it be.

Then, English Marino's/Marinsons (from Marrini/Marigni in the Bessin, jibes with its Meschins sharing white scallops with Mars/Maure's) are using the same cross as Burghs/Berks and Eustace's (though with the embattled feature), and were first found in the same place as English Cassans (and Josephs) while Italian Cassans (Zionist stars in colors reversed from the same of Maecenas-like Massena's) were first found in Modena. It just so happens that the Nimo/NewMARCH Coat (same place as Chappes') uses a saltire in the colors of the Marino cross (may link to the Cage saltire). The Marino-related Clements are said to have been friend to Bernard Newmarche, thus clinching the Nimo/Newmarch trace to San Marino.

There is a question as to whether the Montalto location of pope Sixtus (a Pierleoni liner) traces to Modena via the Monte Alto location of the Mauds. Montalto is beside PICENo in Marche, and so it might not be a coincidence that Pike's/PICKENs (Ayrshire) have a saltire in colors reversed from that of Nimo's/Newmarch's. The latter are using the Annandale saltire as used by the Arms of Ayrshire.

I can't tell from the Wikipedia article whether St. Marinus, supposed founder of San Marino, is pure invention. The article speaks twice on "according to legend," but doesn't tell whether he was fully legendary. Catholics and popes invented an untold number of names, religious peculiarities, dogma's, and people. As "Maccabee" is said to mean "hammer" in Hebrew," see this on St. Marinus: "...depicted as a bearded layman with a stonemason's hammer; also depicted as a young deacon with a hammer..."

He is also said to be depicted with Leo I "the great" (died 461). Leo is said to have "spoken" to Attila. As soon as I read that St. Marinus was depicted with two oxen near him, I recalled the Arms of Bearne from the last update, for while I said it uses two bulls, they might be oxen. I then clicked over to the Leo article to find his supporter, John Cassian. It just so happens that it's the Cassans said to have been from Bearne, in Aquitaine, said to be named after "OCCITANia," the JOKTAN entity to which I traced the ancient OX as code.

Cassian was a champion of monasticism, which makes me wonder about his ways. The perfection of the inner soul does not come about by life-long solitude and retreat in an artificial monastery, but by keeping the will of God in the ungodly world. I admire retreat from the world like any Christian, but to be perpetually isolated by design as the main ingredient for achieving perfection is like never lifting weights to build muscle. To build strong spirituality, one needs to resist gone-bad spirituality in the world. A flower doesn't become strong against the wind by sitting in the house. One must live in order to learn to live right. But too much exercise, and too much wind, becomes destructive; we need to retreat and be alone repeatedly. The Spirit perfects as we turn the wrong way in life; He turns us back to the Path...unless we resist Him. A Christian living in the community and resisting the ungodly lifestyle will go further for pleasing God than a softy monk tied to his repeated rituals decade after decade. What good does it do God to repeat 100 times per week, "Hail Mary, Mother of God." Even Mary puts her hands to her ears and says, "shut up already"!

Cassian went to MARSeilles, but here's something strange: "Cassian's relics [bad Catholic word] are kept in an underground chapel in the Monastery of St Victor in Marseilles. His head and right hand are in the main church there."

I need to go off-topic a little here in tracing to Kupionich, starting with the stork of Mavesyn-related Maules. Keep in mind that the name of the first Merovingian (Childeric) has been traced to Terentia Murena, wife of Cilnius Maecenas. The Stork surname (Kent again) uses a Coat linkable to the Mar/Maure/More/MER chevron and the Claud/Clausel Coat, the latter being the surname suspect with "Chlodwig," Childeric's son. The Italian Mavis/MAUROVI surname (Claud / Stork colors) has a MURIGia variation like "MARIGot in the Merit/Marais list, which look linkable to a Marrini/MARIGNi location of the Bessin. The strongarm in the Mavis/Maurovi Coat is used in the Crest of Darks/D'Arques, first found in the same place as Storks and English Marais'/Marris', said to be from Marais in Calvados (near or in the Bessin). French Marais'/Mares' (probably a merger with the Sale's) share white scallops with the Mars/Maure's/Mers but in both colors of the Meschin scallops. These all-in-the-family facts make the Marina bends suspect with mythical Merops (i.e. proto-Merovingians) on Kos, and by now you may know that Childeric's wife, Basina, traces to the Bessin/Beaston / Biston bees, and to a Bassania location at the mouth of the Mathis river of Albania. The Clausula river and its Kupionich location is not far from Bassania (lower-left).

The reason that I'm going to this topic is because the Maules' just traced well to the Dives-river theater, and the Marrini/Marigni location is said to be three miles from Port-en-Bessin, itself only 5-10 miles west of a Ryes location, and the latter some ten miles west of a Douvres location which gets us near the mouth of the Dives. "Douvres" is suspect with Dober and related Dobermans for more reason than its Crest sharing the white griffin head (same design) in the Crest of English Merits. This is Pollock material descended from Childeric. There is a Dober location (mentioned several times) two or three miles from Kupionich, also called KOPLik, linkable to Kopple's that I say share the Aiken rooster, the latter's in the red color of the same of Curry's who should therefore be using the saltire of English Marais'/Marris. Much of this picture traces with Kopple's to the Goplo Mouse Tower (Poland), and to DOBRawa, wife of Polish Mieszko, but the point here is that Ryes, because it's so near to the Dives river, can link to the Rye surname (honored by Sadducee-suspect and Chad(wick)-related Saddocks), first found in the same place as Diens/Dives. Finally, the point is that the Rye surname shares a bend in the colors of the Doberman (and Pollock) bend. There are therefore multiple pieces of evidence in these things alone that Calvados elements traces to the Cavii theater, and moreover to Caepionis-suspect Kupionich. The Capone's are suspect from Kupionich, and as you saw, Capone's were first found in Cambridge, where the Dives / Bessin theater had traced.

I thought it was off-topic, but maybe not. Danish Ryes' happen to use two white feathers in Crest that might just relate to the San Marino feathers (if that's what they are). Alsace, where pope Leo IX originated, the one who supposedly named the Pierleoni, shares a white-on-red bend with Dobermans, Ryes' and Pollocks. It's feasible that the Alsace bend applies to Pollocks. Alsace is between Baden (red bend) of Germany and Lorraine (red bend), and so I think the bends of all three areas will prove to be related.

Scottish PETERsons, whose Coat can be linked to the Chives Coat for as many as four reasons, and who share a swan in Crest with Peters, may be using a version of the English Marche Coat (Cambridgeshire again, same as Cage's). These Marche's share red scallops with Newmarch's. As Peters trace to Raines', the Marche lions may be the Raines lions, and thus the Marche's can trace to the Rienzo entity of Prati. The Reno's/Rhine's come up as "Rein," and then the Alsace-Germany border is along the Rhine.

As Petersons share the Beng/Bink lion, note that Bengs/Binks use a Dober/Tober-suspect motto. It suggests a Pincum > Panico line through the Dober / Dobra entities.

The Marecchia actually flows past a San Leo location (22 miles southwest of Rimini), though Wikipedia does not give the origin of the name. Plus, "The source of the river is near Monte dei Frati...", a term like "Prati" (north side of Borgo at the Leonine theater). Was this a Montferrat element? The Frati Coat once again uses a red-on-white lion (and nothing more), the colors of the Loewenstein lion. The Frati lion is in the colors of the Guido lion while Frati's were first found in the same place (Bologna) as Guido's (and Mavis/Maurovi's). Suddenly, we are to the Setta valley, where lines of Israel's priesthood were suspect. The Chads were expected out of Setta, and so let's mention that the Chad patees are used by Massena's, and that the Dunchads = Dunkeld royals married Meschins of the Eggerton kind as early as one of the king Duncans.

As per San Leo, if the Lion in the Italian Leo(n) Chief were gold, it would be the Maschi Chief lion exactly. Using evidence over the last several months, I've been able to claim that bends rising in the rare, sinister direction, as used by German Leo's/Pyrzewski's (Loewenstein lion), are exclusively for Masci / Massena / RasMUSSEN liners (they all use it). A Rasmussen surname was even chosen to lead NATO previous to the new leader now in office. The Rasmussen-related As(h)mans use the Massey fleur. Both the Leo's/PYRZEwski's and Massena's use gold Zionist stars on their bends, and the Maceys use PIERCEd stars in the colors of the Massena stars. The Leo's use their stars in the colors of Templar Jerusalem.

One theory I took on was that Jabesh GILEAD named the Galli priests of the Kybele cult, though that theory had nothing to do with GAULs (anciently the Gali/Galli). I am not familiar with the idea that Gauls lived at Rimini for at least a couple centuries in BC times. I expect Jabeshites at the Rimini theater, and entertained them there as Jeffersons/JEPHsons, suspect with the saltire of French Messeys/Messier's (Maschi-lion colors). Jeffersons were first found in the same place (Herefordshire) as Avons/Avents.

As we are dealing with Maccabees or proto-MACCabees here, lets add that the Juggs/Judds (ragully fesse) show boar heads in the colors of the MEIGH boar heads, and that the latter, in Jugg colors, use the same cross as MACClesfields. Then, while the Juggs/Judds are said to be from "Jordan", the name of the river where Jabesh Gilead was located, I trace their Jug variation to Jugon of Brittany's Cotes-du-Nord, where Motts (i.e. like "Mouton / Modi'in") were first found. Jugon is on my atlas 25-30 miles WNW of Dol.

Arms of Dudley

The Arms of Leonine are said to be used by Pope Sixtus V. At Sixtus' article, his Arms are said to use pears, which is a symbol for Peter / Pierre liners, as for example the Perots, first found in Pembrokeshire, what a mazzincidence. Or, take the parrots of the Pettys, which could imply that pear-using Abbotts are Petty liners. Lowens/Lewins share elephant heads with Pettys. The Pears/PEARLs (same chevron as Abbotts) were suspect in the last update with "PIERLeoni," but I didn't at the time know that Sixtus used pears. Pears are used also in the Arms of Dudley...along with femmish angels, which is what the Arms of Monte Grimano may be using. The Arms of Dudley even use as book, which we saw (last update) tracing to the Pierleoni.

German Angel(o)s (Tyrol) show a female angel with dark hair, as with Monte Grimano. German Angelo's use crossed keys, a Vatican symbol, as well as quarters in the colors of the same of German Leo's/Pyrzewski's. The Angelo's were first found in the same place (Hamburg) as Trips who use the very same boots (colors included) once showing for Italian Masseys/Massa's. If it hasn't yet, the evidence becomes overwhelming for a Pierleoni trace to Maschi's of Rimini and their several branches.

The beacons in the Crest and Coat of the Arms of Dudley is now tracing tentatively to Baccano (Bacons and Duncans share cinquefoils in the same colors). In the Coat, the beacons are held by lions. The Arms angel(s) may be related to the castle at Sant'Angelo at the Borgo / Leonine location. The cable on the Dudley anchor is expected to be code for Cable's/Cabbels (Somerset) sharing the Caves FRETTY, while the "qui proSPECIT" motto term of the same Arms is expected with Speccots sharing the FRET with Duttons and Cattle's, the latter from Cattolica, right? The mouth of the river passing by Urbino is about ten miles from Cattolica, and the latter is about a dozen miles from Pesaro.

The red Cable fesse is used over the Caen fretty too so that Dudleys can trace to the Bessin theater, and from there one would naturally go to Tattons of Massey. Masseys were in FERTE-Mace, and then the Fane's, from Fano just 15 odd miles south of Cattolica, use the gauntlet-glove symbol of Maceys. As "Peterson" is suspect with the stock of lPiersons/Pearsons (suns), let's add that the latter were first found in the same place as the Aide's who likewise share black leopard faces with Impys/Amps and Lee's, and while we're at it,. let's remind that Face's/Fessys use the Macclesfield cross while the Arms of Macclesfield shares the blue lion with an Arms of Dudley.

If ever we become convinced that Dudleys trace to this area, and especially if you're of the opinion that Pesaro's trace as Pek liners to Packers/Peckers (lozenges in colors reversed from Reno / Pink lozenges), Beckers (blue vair fur) and Bachs (blue vair fur), then you should know that the chevron in the Arms of Dudley is used by Dutch Beckers/Bakers along with the leaves called "hazel slips" by the Hazels, whom have been traced to Has liners such as Hesse's sharing the Pierson/PEARson sun. The Dudley pears are called "slipped and leaved", which can be construed as code for Laevi liners too. Another Baker Coat even shares a white-on-black lion with Petersons and Raines'.

It's notable that the Dudley pears are on a chevron in the colors of the Hazel fesse. And, the pears are in the gold-on-blue colors of the crescents upon the Hazel fesse, and then Hazels, not surprisingly, were first found in Cheshire, as with Dives', Masseys, and Maceys. The Diens/Dives still show the white Masci wing design that Chaine's/Chenays once showed, and then the same chevron in the Dudley Arms uses the chain, no coincidence. In fact, the official description uses, "two PIECES of chain", potential code for Pasi / Pesaro liners such as dove-using Peace's/Paise's (the dove traces to Cuppae off the Pek river).

The Dutton Coat is exactly the Berkshire Coat, making Berkshire suspect with Borgo. Berkshire is where PATERnosters were first found. Duttons and Dudleys can trace together to Pierleoni for multiple reasons, but what you are about to see is their trace to the Great Mother harlot. When emailers tried to convince me years ago that this harlot did not depict Rome but rather Jerusalem, I ignored them. Yet, I now say that both claims are correct, so long as one traces the Sadducees of Jerusalem to the line of Cybele, mother of Latins.

The Cable motto, "Impavide," is like the "Impavidun" of PERANs' (were the fir cones once pears?), and so let's add that the Cable fretty is in Peir/Pere colors. Therefore, let's assume that the latter are part of the stock represented by the Dudley pear symbol, and see if we can't link something else in the Dudley Arms to Pettys. Let's go to the Hazels that the chevron in the Dudley Arms appears to link to, for Hazels use a fesse in colors reversed to the same of "ESSE"-using Sheriffs, first found in the same place (Warwickshire) as Peirs/Pere's and Sheriff-colored Pettys. The compass "needle" of Pettys finds Needle's with the giant sun of HESSe's, first found in the same place as the Lowens/Lewins who share the elephant head with Pettys.

Let's look at someone else's pear from the stock that included Peretti's/PERINo's, in Petty colors, as well as sharing the same-colored Zionist star with needle-using Pettys, and smacking of the Petty parrots. It turns out that pope Sixtus was from the general area in which the Marecchia flows. "It flows northeast into the province of Pesaro and Urbino in the Marche..."

Felice Peretti [Sixtus] was born on 13 December 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Pier Gentile (also known as Peretto Peretti), and Marianna da Frontillo...Felice...was known as "Cardinal Montalto". He himself claimed that he was "nato di casa illustre" - born of an illustrious (i.e., "illuminated") house.{citation needed}

According to Isidoro Gatti, the Peretti family came from Piceno, today's Marche [named Picenum, I gather], in Italy. According to another source, his father came from Montalto, a nearby village. Some Croatians have claimed that he was Croatian, descending from the Croatian family Peretti which settled from Krusevice, in Boka Kotorska (modern Montenegro), to Montalto in Italy, where Felice was born. According to the Serbian Academy, he had Slavic origin from the Adriatic coast. According to Sava Nakicenovic, he hailed from the Svilanovic family from Krusevice. The family origin in Krusevice is supported by the fact that the Pope used three pears for his Coat of Arms (The toponym Krusevice is derived from kruska, "pear"). The Slavic, or Croatian origin, although popular in Slavic sources, is unlikely."

The pear of Krusevice may not be for its "kruskja-like look, but for the Perot-like look of "Peretti," which even sounds like "Prati." The Peretti/Perino surname uses a comet while Comets/Come's use three towers in the colors of the Burgo-related Comyns. It was this Sixtus said to have elevated Leonine / Borgo. It appears that his father, Pier Gentile, was a Pierleoni. There are five Gentile surnames, the German branch first found in the same place (Illuminati Bavaria) as Loewensteins. These Gentile's even use quarters in colors reversed from the same of English Pettys (same place as the Avon river). The Bavarian Gentile's even use the same lion as the Dudley surname, expected to be a colors reversed version of the Ferrari lion, as per the metal-craft theme in the Arms of Dudley. However, in the last update, it was shown how the Perans' motto linked well to the Impys/Amps in a line to NorthAmpton, where Quince's were first found who are honored in the quince held by the Sforza lion, identical to the Ferrari lion.

The Dudley location is on one side of the Avon river (in Warwickshire), and Northampton on the other. Shouldn't we be entertaining Aventino Latins as the namers of the Avon? Didn't the Marsi / Marici trace to the Mercians i.e. who lived in land of the Avon river? The Avon/Avent lion is essentially the Sforza / Ferrari lion too. English Benedicts were first found in Warwickshire, another reason to consider tracing the Benedictus Pierleoni (counts / rulers of Aventino) to the Avon river.

It can be added that the black leopard face of Impys/Amps ought to link to the same of Irish Lee's, and for the moment, assume a Lee trace to Cybele's leo symbol. In fact the Lydians of Cybele were a part of the so-called LUWians. Why shouldn't they have been Levites? Why do Levi-beloved Aide's share the Impy/Amp leopard face?

To help prove that Impys/Amps should be a part of this Rimini discussion, their crescents are in the colors of the same of the Cambridge Marche's, and the latter's Coat is suspect with the Peterson Coat using a "sine" motto term for the Sine's/Sions/Swans sharing the swan with the Peterson Crest. The Sine/Sion/Swan Coat once showed the gauntlet glove, you see, and so its chevron is suspect with the Macey chevron. I've mentioned before that the Impy/Amp crescents are those of Seatons/Sittens who likewise trace to Sion, but here it seems that Marche elements are tracing to Sion too, as might be expected in a Laevi-Marici relationship. As Pesaro is in Marche while the Arms of Pesaro shows a white-and-red vertically-split Shield, lookie here at the same in the Arms of Sion.

The Impys/Amps were shown in the last update tracing well to AMPton, and then mythical Amphi terms are known to have been of the Pamphylians while Pamphylia was beside lake Tatta. One can glean a Dudley / Dutton / Tatton trace back to lake Tatta, very near Macey-suspect Macissus/Mokissos, the latter on the Halys river, where the Galli priests are expected to have operated with mythical Attis, the priests who served lion-depicted Cybele (Attis' wife), smacking of the Cable's/Cabbels. This must have been the Levi > Leo line.

There is no mistaking the meaning of the Dudley cable. It's on an ANCHOR while the Cybele cult operated out of the Sakarya river (I've read that) passing by ANKARA, and later flowing near Ancore/NICAEa. The chief priest of the Galli was made mythical DioNYSUS, who had a NICE/Nike cult, and where Dionysus is known to have been a transvestite along with the Galli, it can explain the femmish angels in the Arms of Dudley. The Dionysus cult was given an all-female Maenad cult as code for the proto-Lydian Maeonians on the Maeander river, and that's where the salaMANDER in the Arms of Dudley comes in.

If we're thinking that the Benjamites should have been tagging along with the Levites out of Laish, note that Benjamins were first found in the same place as Sakarya-based Seagars. The Jabesh-ites are expected with the Gilead elements suspect in naming the Galli and the Khaldi associates of the Levi-potential Halybes (one theory is a Levi > Lapith > Halybes evolution of terms). The Maezaei, I think, were classified as Celts...i.e. from the Khaldi.

The Seagar moline is in use my MacArthurs suspect in a line from Brogitarus, priest of Kybele at Pessinus (Sakarya river), to his grandson, ARTEMidoros, now being traced to Artems/Aitons, first found in the same place (Berwickshire) as Piersons/Pearsons. The latter are tracing back as Pierleoni liners to Cybele, right? Yes, and so we shouldn't be looking for a Kybele line from anything more ancient than Artemidoros, about the time of the birth of Caiaphas, when tracking backward from the Pierleoni Latins.

When Jesus described the chief priests of Israel, he may have sounded overly judgmental when pointing merely to their long, flowing robes, their long tassels, and their taking the places of honor. But these things describe the popes and cardinals excellently, and as we can see, they have been more like the worthless hogs / political beasts of the planet than hit-the-dirt servants of Jesus. Pope after pope maintains all the traditional / mystic garbage introduced by past popes, and they all foster the false idea that Jesus works through the pope to build His Church. Jesus must have been addressing popes when He said that we should call no-one, "father," let alone "holy father." So, you see, Jesus was pointing out the Sadducee / Pharisees line to the popes, for as the priests of Israel were the dragon bloodline in Israel, so satan moved it to do within Christianity what satan had it do in Israel: pose as God's mouthpiece for the purpose on introducing destructive traditions of men.

Here is from the Dudley page: "The salamander in flames is the traditional emblem of the [metal] smith and so is most appropriate to Dudley. Frederick Smith, first Mayor of the Municipal Borough, who conceived the design on which the Common Seal was largely based, suggested this emblem as being symbolic of the many furnaces in and around Dudley at that time. Two salamanders in flames occur on the family arms of Frederick Smith..." The whole truth is not likely being told. The Maeander river has a source in lands reachable by Phrygians, who owned the Cybele goddess. The Halybes and Khaldi are known to have been the founders of iron, and as such they were metal workers. Years ago, before knowing that Frederick Smith used the salamander, I suggested that "smith" is a term from "Samos," where the metal-making Kabeiri cult came out of. The Kabeiri (known to be Galli-related) were on Samothrace, anyway, named after Samos, the latter near the mouth of the Maeander, and also directly off the coast from Ephesus, where I trace the metal smith, Hephaestus, chief of the Kabeiri. And that's the ironic truth not told by others concerning the salamander. The question remains as to what "sala" refers to, if anything.

The Sagans/Segans use the salamander in flames too, and they ought to trace to Segni's/SEGURana's, i.e. from the Sakarya.

A couple of Smith surnames use the fish, interesting because fish-depicted Kodros of Athens had a son who founded (mythically speaking) Ephesus. This could indicate links to the Keturah > Medan line. The Smith surname with the hammer uses the same lion as Ferrari's, which would argue for a "Ferrari" trace to "fer = iron," and yet Pharisees had cropped up from Maccabees proper of Israel. Were Pharisees from the Levi-suspect Halybes? I identified them with Hephaestus, whose wife, APHRodite was equated with the PARTHenius river (one major river west of the Halys) suspect in a Perseus line to mythical Paris. As I trace the "ExCALIBUR" sword to the "Chalybes/Halybes, there remains a question on what the "Ex" refers to. Irish Smiths/Gowans use an erect sword and an "EXpellit" motto term.

The writer in the Dudley write-up views the "Davy lamp" as part of the mining operations of Dudley, but there must be more to it, as code, for French Davy's/Davouds/Davins (lily, Brittany) are using a chevron in colors reversed from the same in the Arms of Dudley. The Davin variation is expected to go to Davenports of Macclesfield regions, tending to clinch the Dudley lion with the Macclesfield lion. With Macclesfields / Maccabee's tracing to Macissus on the Halys, perhaps named after the Halybes, it can explain how "Maccabee" got its hammer symbol. Here's from the Dudley write-up: "The upper part of the shield contains two lions [holding fired beacons] taken from the HALESowen arms..." Halys-river liner?

Welsh Davys were first found beside EXeter. As there is a dove in the Crest of Welsh Davys, while Guerin of Provence traces to Guido Guerra's family now suspect with both the Arms of Urbino and Arms of Pesaro, by what coincidence is the Davy Coat a good reflection of the Guerin Coat? Guerin of Provence has been traced to Grasse, perhaps in the "ProGRESS" motto term of Dudleys. Let's recall the Pasi/Pacenti surname, for it has a Pascel variation to which Pascals can link, who share the lamb with the Arms of Grasse. The possibility is that Pascals (Levi lions) trace to a line out of Pesaro.

The fish-using Smith surname uses Benjamin-suspect "Benigno Numine" motto, with a term like "Binningas" in the write-up of Pink-suspect Bengs/Bings/Binks, the latter suspect in using a version of the Chives Shield and therefore linkable to Petersons and Raines'. All four surnames use white cats on black; lions in the case of Petersons, Raines' and Bengs, but the same-colored lion is used by Numine's too, tending to prove that the Smith motto is for the Bengs/Binks. Then, the Pinks/Pincs share the red-on-white lozenges of Raines-suspect Reno's/Reins/Rhine's (the Setta is a Reno tributary), and Raines' / Reno's have been traced to Rainier of Montferrat, whose granddaughter married Guido Guerra III. As the Chives / Beng quarters are used by Hohenzollerns and Zollerns too, by what coincidence do Hohenstaufen-suspect Staufers/Stovers share the sleeved and cuffed arm with the Arms of Pesaro?

The chevron in the Arms of Dudley is said to belong to STOURbridge, and while this may be of the Stour river with a source near Avon, compare with "STOVER." The Stour river flows beside Hampshire, where Ghents and English Gentile's were first found, giving cause to trace Gentiles to the gauntlet gloves of Maceys, Fane's/Veynes' and Wayne's, which is to say to the Fano / Pesaro theater (what could the "inVENio" motto term of Peretts/Perots be for>?. It's where Gentile's are expected to trace because Pier Gentile (Mr. Peretti) was from Piceno and/or Montalto in the Pesaro theater. The point is, Mr. Gentile, or his ancestry, may have been the origin of the Gaunt/Ghent location. Dutch Ghents are listed as Gentile's too.

The Hampshire Gentile's ("estoile of twelve points") are using the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Caesars, including the three Caesar roses upon the Shield. Caesars were first found in the same place (Kent) as Gaunts. The blue-and-gold bars of Gaunts have just become suspect with the bends in the same colors in the Arms of Urbino, because the Gaunt wolf reminded me of Urbino-like Hirpini. If this is a correct trace, the Hirpini can trace to the Urbanus river in Illyricum. In any case, the red Gaunt bend is expected to be the same of Belgian Gone's/Kohns/Guenets so that the Gone's/Gowans can be expected with the Gowans who list "Smith." If correct to trace Smiths to the metal-working, Levite-liner Halybes, note that while they had been priests of Cybele and the Hebrew-suspect Kabeiri, the Kohn- and Gowan-like Cohens are named after the Hebrew "priest." In the past, Ghents have been traces to "Genetes" in the land of the Khaldi, and hence to the Heneti (founders of the Veneti) on the Parthenius river, the same as the Aphrodite > Venus > Veneti line.

Italian Gentile's look like they should be using a version of the Winchester cross, for Winchesters were first found in Hampshire too. HAMPshire's are suspect with their neighbors, AMPTons, and for this paragraph you should read the Quince write-up with Quintus Caepio in mind. As the Winchester Cross shows fitchees, the gold cross in the Crest is possibly a fitchee, though one can't make it out due to the blue lion -- a Caepio-line lion -- placed in front of it. The Quints use a gold fitchee in Crest, and the Winchester mascles assure that Saer de Quincy of Winchester applies to the Coat. The Impys/Amps, suspect with the naming of Hampshire, use a chevron in colors reversed from the Quint chevron, and were first found in the same place (Essex) as Quints, though Quints were also first found in the same place (Dorset) as the Stour river to which I gather the Dudley chevron is said to trace. The Dudley Crest has a blue lion too, you see.

Next, note that the Winchester cross is in the colors of Italian Cassans, though the English branch was likewise first found in Hampshire. As the Cassans had been suspect with KOSINski's and other Kos liners, see this from the Arms-of-Dudley write-up: "The chevron was part of the arms of Stourbridge and Coseley. The pears are taken from the Stourbridge arms". Cossels are listed with German Cassels sharing three red chevrons with the Hampshire Cassans! Cossel's/Cassels were first found in Bavaria, as with German Gentile's. Scottish Cassels use more fitchees(see Tarves'), and one chevron in both colors of the Cassan chevrons, as well as sharing a dolphin in Crest with Gentile-related Caesars. The "Avise" motto term of Scottish Cassels is for the Avis'/Avisons sharing the three garbs of the Hampshire Josephs, right? The Kennedys who use a version of the Cassel Coat are Ghent / Gentile liners, right?

The white castle on the one half of the Cossel/Cassel Coat could thus be the McLeod castle because Crimmons (with Rimmon variation) are listed as a sept of McLeods.

I've never seen, so far as I can recall, a flying snake such as French Gentile's/Chantille's use.

As Kennedys and Cassels use a "la fin" motto phrase for the Tipperary Lafins/La Fonts, note the next sentence from the Dudley page: "The fountain (roundel) are taken from Brierly Hill and represents the ancient fords in the manor of Kingswinword." It's a deliberate lie from someone, for the Dudley fountain is used by Cassel-like Cass' and Kiss'. Part of the next sentence is also a lie: "The chain is taken from the Stourbridge and Halesowen arms and represents the chain nail and anchor making industries." We saw how the chain must be code for Chaine's/Chenays, with little doubt, for they are traced to "a root name of Cassanus".

So, if Pier Gentile's pear symbol trace's to the Dudley pear, and it looks like both entities are tracing to the same things, let's talk about the Montalto location of Marche to which some have traced him. The Cassans were first found in Modena, and the Dudleys have traced to Cable's/Cabells sharing fretty with Modens/Modeys, the latter first found in Berkshire, to which the Pier-Gentile line (= pope Sixtus V) at Borgo traces well. Then, the Mauds, using the same lion as Loewensteins, are said to be form a Monte Alto location. And Modleys/Motleys/Medleycotts were first found in the same place (Shropshire) as Lowens/Lewens.

French Perots use the Balance Coat exactly. This was discovered not long after seeing Grand Ballon in Alsace, and it turned out that Ballons and Perots were both first found in Brittany. Balance's were first found in the same place (Warwickshire) as Peirs/Pere's, Pettys and Benedicts. The Dudley slips are for Haslips/Islips who share the lodged stag with Dawson, who in-turn use the Coat of Roys (Brittany again) who came to topic with the "roy" motto term of English Benedicts. The latter's motto uses "bon," recalling the Skull and Bones, wherefore note how the Skull/Scull Coat (same place as Avons/Avents!!) reflects the Arms of Alsace (this is where Leo IX was from who supposedly named the Pierleoni).

I'm convinced that the Pierleone either named Avon, or moved there to be with its namers.

Popes Who Link to Levi Elements

The third Jesuit leader, Francis Borgia, had a skull symbol. At his Wikipedia article:"Attributes: Skull crowned with an emperor's diadem." Attribute or liability? Was he from Borgo? I say, yes.

I have yet to read why the first Pierleoni were from Leo de Benedicto. I can only assume at this time that one or more of the Benedict surnames apply. German Benedicts were first found in the same place (Westphalia) as Hazel-related Dusseldorf, and can thereby trace to Dudleys, as they should if they were Pierleone lines, because Sixtus is proving to be a Dudley liner.

The Benedicts with the single star have three lions in the colors of the Dade/Deed garbs, but as Flemings use a "deed" motto term while we see plenty of flame theme in the Dudley Arms, a Dudley link to "Dade/Deed" (Norfolk) can be correct.

The Benedict motto uses "De bon," actually, and Debons use a familiar lion on a split Shield like the one of Avon-suspect Gate's / Cage's. Debons were first found in Milan, while Scottish Milans/Millens are kin to Bacanno-suspect Buchanans, kin, I am now sure, of Borgia-related Conte's. The Debon Coat compares well to the Modley/Motley/Medleycott lion.

It was good timing that I took a new stab at the Benedict motto term, "VOULOIR", just before mention of Medleycotts in the paragraph above, for it will lead to Medleys. My first stab in the last update was like so: "Another Benedict motto term strikes me as code for the Brittany Voirs/Voyers (suspect with Boyer liners), for German Benedicts use so-called "boilers in the middle" (Middle's/Mittels are suspect with "Metellus"), while Voirs/Voyers use the gold lion of Benedicts." As Middle's had been traced months ago to Mytilene on Lesbos, while Lesbos elements had been found linked to on-shore Foca (ancient Phocaea), just watch this, starting with the VOULERs/Fowlers/Foulers...who nearly have the Voir lions.

[Late in this update, a new way has been found to trace Seatons, Sitters, and similar surnames to the Setta valley. It involves the Voirs, a very good reason for tracing Benjamites to "Panico / Beng," though the point here is that Benedicts can apply to the Setta-valley Benjamites.]

It occurred to me at this time that the so-called lion of St. Mark the EVANgelist in the Voir Coat is part-code for Avons/EVAN/Avents, part-code for Angels/Angle's, and part code for Marche / Mark / Marici liners. Here's the description: "St. Mark's lion, supporting a SILVER BOOK inscribed with the words "PAX TIBI, MARCE EVANGELISTA". It just so happens that Dutch Benedicts use a lion holding a SILVER BOOK!! I was right on the first wild stab (I actually didn't expect to be correct). I can now say, Liars! Liars everywhere in heraldry land, keeping secrets from us, but lying to us in the meantime. Shame. The Boils are also Boghills and Books are also Boggs.

Phocaeans are known co-founders of Ligurians at Marseilles, a location that I say was founded by Marici-related Marsi...that had a branch of Mercians along both Avon rivers.

I reject the Vouler write-up's trace to a fowler. I would rather view the early Foeglere / Foggheler variations (Somerset theater), like the Boaghal variation of Boils, as a branch of Foggs (Kent) sharing the Medley stars in colors reversed, both of them using PIERCED stars likely for merger with the local Piers/Pierce's. The Foggs use annulets in colors reversed from the giant BURGOS annulet, fancy that, and then while Pierleoni have traced to the Avon river to Avon, there is another Avon river nearby, with a source around Wiltshire's Salisbury area (and flowing through Southampton). It just so happens that Voulers/Fowlers (owl in Crest) were first found in Wiltshire!

The Avons/Avents share a gold-on-blue lion with Voulers, but Salisburys (Zarr/Zehrer colors) use a gold lion on red, the colors of the Benedict lions. These two colors schemes for the same gold lion looks meaningful. Anciently, Salisbury was SEARobyrg / SARISberie, and the Sears of Serez (Normandy) and Hatchets definitely seem to apply. The Hatch's/Hacchs (Cornwall), with gold-on-red lions in the design of the Vouler lions, were taken from the hatchets of the Zarrs/Zehrers/Sehrers, the latter suspect in the past several months (thanks to Mr. Skeetz) with Zahringers of Baden (beside the Alsace location of pope Leo de Pierleoni), but first found in the same place (Bavaria) as Loewensteins. The white lion head in the Hatch Crest is that in the Crest of English Rothes' (German Roths' = Bavaria), first found in the same place as Lowens/Lewins...and Frocks/Froggs.

Frocks/Froggs, by some coincidence or not, have a Coat looking linkable to the Fogg and Medley Coats; for example, the Foggs and Froggs share black-on-white annulets traceable to Spanish Burgos'. Salisbury and its Avon river is in the Hampshire theater, where English Burghs (annulets) were first found, and while I think the Burgh chevrons created the green perchevron of Hampshire Josephs, the latter use the Comyn garbs. The Drake's (Hampshire) share the axe with Zarrs/Zehrers, and while the Drake wyvern was the symbol of the duke's of Masovia, with a capital at Warsaw, I traced Warsaw elements to the namers of Warwickshire years ago i.e. not anytime recently to prop up any pet theory of mine.

The Salisbury Crest uses white lions too, in a position called, COMbatant, possible code for Come's/Comets. In fact, Batants (this is new to me) are listed with the Somerset BADENs/Battins sharing axe's with the Zarr/Zehrer Crest, assuring all the more that they are from the Zahringers of Baden, and meanwhile tending to clinch a Baden trace to the Somerset surname. As Come's/Comets are likely a branch of the Conte's/Comites', it helps to know that the special symbol of Zahringers was the antler, the symbol of Conte's/Comites' and Cone's too. Repeat: "Comets/Come's use three towers in the colors of the BURGO-related Comyns."

The Salisbury crescents are in the colors of the same of Oliphants, the latter using a "voir" motto term. The ArBUTHnott and BOTHwell elements in the Oliphant write-up were traced with Bush's to Edomites at Bozrah, Esau's capital, where one would expect his son, Oliphant-suspect Eliphas. There are some quotes online (from the Book of Enoch) saying that the boar, and specifically the black boar, was an ancient symbol of Edom, though it's expected to be a symbol of Edom's Eberites = Hebrews (see the black boar of the Austrian Ebers). Bush's and Booths share the black boar, and Bothwells are Bute elements originally. The point is, Eliphas married Timna, sister of Lotan the SEIR-ian, which jibes with the Searobyrg version of Salisbury, and the related surnames above (Zarrs, Sears, Salisburys, Oliphants, Sire's/Sirets and Sere's/Serts all have red Shields, the color of Edom).

I had seen cause to trace Bozrah elements to LesBOS, and here I think I'm tracking the Lesbos elements of the Mytilene kind to the Benedict "boilers in the MIDDLE." The Less surname, which was traced to LESbos, uses boars. We saw the black boar with Italian Clements while they traced to Marino's, Newmarsh's and Mercians, and therefore go to FUCino (i.e. Phocaean suspect) of the Marsi, and to Marseilles.

Now that Benedicts are clinched, it seems, with Voulers/Fowlers/Fogghelers (Henry "the Fowler" might apply), the "boilers" look like they should apply to a B-version branch of Voulers, for example Bollers/Bowlers and Bollers/Bollier's/Buhlers/Boehlers. If these were Bohemians, it recalls the German Lowens/Lebe's, first found in Bohemia. It was only after writing this paragraph to this point that the Henry-Fowler article was loaded to find good news in the capitals: "Henry the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der VOGLER; Latin: Henricius Auceps) (876 - 2 July 936) was the Duke of Saxony from 912 and the King of Germany from 919 until his death." Clearly, "Vogler" is a variation of "Foggheler/Foeglere." And see how the kings have lied to their subjects: "...founder and first king of the medieval German state, known until then as East Francia. An avid hunter, he obtained the epithet 'the Fowler' because he was allegedly fixing his birding nets when messengers arrived to inform him that he was to be king." Instead, I say that Henry was a Phocaean liner.

An hour or so after writing the paragraph above, the Bowles' were loaded because I recalled their boars, and they happen to be black boars. The Bowles' were first found in the same place (Lincolnshire) as black-boar Bole's, but in this case, it's shot through with an arrow, indicating that they are POLLock liners. In fact, I had traced Pollocks to Fullers who now look like the Fouler variation of Voulers/Fowlers. As Fullers honor the Beacons/Bacons ("firma" motto term) using the Pollock / Bole boar in Crest, note that French Bacons share the cinquefoils of DunCHAD-based Donkeys while the latter look linkable to Dutch Bone's.

I don't feel immediately comfortable suggesting that "Bacon" and "Bone" were from identical stock, but could they have been? Aren't the presidential Bush's fans of Skull and Bone's? Couldn't Bacons be from a Bos / Bozrah line too? DioNYSUS, who will trace later to lake Baccano, is expected in the Horites of Edom because NUZI had Horites. Lotan of Seir was a Horite of Edom, and while Bacons use a Fermo-like motto term, as do Fullers, Italian Adams, who reflect "Edom," were first found in Fermo. Plus, the split Shield of Italian Adams ("ears of wheat") is identical to the Debon/Boni Shield. Scottish Adams were of Annandale, in Edom-like DUMfries. One Adam Coat uses what could be from the Arms of Pula/Pola, which is to say a version of the Pollock saltire.

Or put it this way, that since Peter Pollock (son of FULbert whom I expect in Fullers) was at Moray, Pollock lines are expected to use the Moray stars, as do Bollers and Bollers/Bollier's. I have claimed with confidence that Bole's were from Boleslaw of Poland (son of Mieszko I), named after Boleslaw of Bohemia, and so the Bone liners are expected from Boii of Bononia. The most popular colors of Polish heraldry, blue and red, are those in the split Shields above, which are the quarter colors of Trunks, first found in Franconia. I had traced the Franconian Rake to Richeza, wife of Mieszko II. Moray was called Moravia too, but European Moravia was beside Bohemia.

East Francia included Bavaria, and Bavaria was paired with Franconia, and in fact Henry Fowler's mother was a daughter of Henry of Franconia, while the Bollers/Bollier's use what must be the Franconian Rake. I had traced the Pollock saltire to two Frank surnames that should apply.

Phocaea was maritime Lydia, some 5-10 miles from the mouth of the Hermus river. That river was re-named, the Gediz. It the term traces to the pike-using Geddes (Chaddock / Chadwick = Sadducee suspects), then they can perhaps trace Gate's to the Gediz, and once that's done, there can go the Cage's too, important because the Gace's/Wassa's have been traced to the Mitanni capital (Wassukanni) while the Yuya Mitanni were traced to Phocaea and Lesbos...which was done independent from the idea that "Yuya" traced to "Gugu" of Lydia. It just so happens that the Debons/Boni's (from the "De bon" motto term of the Salisbury-suspect Benedicts) are using a Coat like the Gate's and Cage's (the latter two have split Shields linkable to the same of Debons/Boni's and Adams). And then there are the Dutch Bone's using crescents in the colors of the Salisbury crescents i.e. suggesting a Bone link to Seir suspects.

The Bone's/Bohums (familiar gold lions, have we ever seen so many lions before coming to Pierleoni?) were first found in the same place as Chaddock-related Saddocks. Should we trace Chads to the namers of the Gediz? "The name of the river Gediz may be related to the Lydian proper name Cadys; Gediz is also the name of a town near the river's sources." Did "SADDUCee" come from the namers of GEDIZ? Compare Dutch Bone's with Sere's. Bone's/Bohums are in the colors of the Voulers/Fowlers, and it's interesting that Henry Fowler's mother, Hedwiga (she holds a Shield with lion at her Wikipedia article), smacks of the Haddocks, first found in the home (Lancashire) of early Chaddocks, Chadwicks and Washingtons. Sere's share a Coat somewhat like the Gilberts with a "heddwch" motto term smacking of "Hedwiga" (of Franconia).

Henry's father was Otto the Illustrious, perhaps fulfilling the phrase, "nato di casa illustre"(born of an illustrious house) of pope FELICE Peretti [Sixtus]. As Chads use the potent cross, it could be added that English Felix's/Fellicks do too, and they were first found in the same place (Sussex) as Saddocks. Who were the two Henrys from? It just so happens that Henri IV of Rodez married Roquefeuils that became RockeFELLers, perhaps revealing that they had been Fellicks? Italian Felix's/Felice's share the white-on-blue star with Bollers and Bollers/Bollier's, and the Sussex Felix's/Fellicks share the quarter colors of Trunks who in-turn share the white-on-red bull head with Pollock-related Bullocks, suggesting the Felix's were Pollock liners too. Again, the Fouler variation of Voulers/Fowlers can link to Rockefeller liners. It begs the question of whether Benedicts, who apparently honor the Voulers, were Bononia liners.

There is some evidence for a Bononia link to Benedicts in the Benedict star, in the colors of the BOLZano star. It had seemed that the namers of Bolzano were also the namers of Bologna, the latter a Bullock-like term. The Benedict star was traced earlier to the Sutherland stars (said to be the Moray stars in someone else's colors), and Mackays of Sutherland had been suspect years ago as Mieszko liners at Moray. Bohemians are suspect in the Boethus house of the Israeli Sadducees proper.

But, again, did the namers of the Gediz name the Sadducees? To where did the namers of the Hermus trace? They were from Hermes at mount Sion of Phoenicia, and they trace to Sion of Switzerland, a cult of Godfrey de Bouillon, which is where the split Shield of Chads traces (i.e. to the split Shield of Sion). That looks excellent for tracing Chads and Chadwicks to Cadys, the term proposed by Wikipedia for the naming of the Gediz.

It was established (by me) that Hermes was an ARMENIA line to "GERMAN," and that the Herminones branch of Germanics, because they worshiped Sio/Zio (I forget which of the two spellings applies), were from the namers of mount Sion, at the summit of mount Hermon. Therefore, the Herman surnames were just entered, and in the meantime I have it on my mind that Urbino and Urbania, near Pesaro, may have been b-version "Herman." The reason for it has to do with the Geddes pike fish tracing tentatively to Pesaro liners, wherefore it could be expected that the namers of the Hermus were at/near Pesaro. One could appeal to the Wayne's, from Fano (less than 10 miles from Pesaro), using an ermined chevron. I hate to break it to all you tall Germans, but you're from Italians from way back, and I think you left your short genes behind.

French Hermans/HARTmans are using the three bars of Luffs because the latter were first found in the same place (Suffolk) as English Hermans/Hermons. The latter may be using the Haddock cross, for there are white martlets on the Herman cross, the colors of the Chaddock, Chadwick and Saddock martlets. We needed that. Luffs will be linked hard shortly to Bouillons/BOUILE's. The Luff bars should be the Fuller bars, for Fullers share the beacon with Belli's who are honored in the Bouillon motto. We just saw Fullers traceable to Fermo, not far south of Pesaro, and per chance the Dutch Fermo's may be using the heart in the BOIL Crest. The heart-using Boils/Boghills, with variations like the Bouillons, are said to be from a king Boaghal of the HEREMON line of Irish kings.

German Hermons/HEREMONs are the most surprising ones, said to use a "pennon," while the Cadys surname uses "pennants." That can't be coincidental because we just read that the Hermus river was re-named from an ancient Cadys term.

I'm having trouble recalling the details, but Helena, daughter of Vrm, count of Angusta, was married either to Bela, king of Hungary, and/or to the Mieszko's, and so as we are apparently on Mieszko liners with Boils / Voulers / Bollier's, and assuming that they trace to "Bela" (not necessarily contradicting a trace to Boleslaws), the naming of VRM can trace to FERMO. The Boil write-up helps greatly with its code, "having PROFITable pledges," for Profetts/Prophets share the human leg with Fermo-like Prime's. It just so happens that FORMans, sharing the green dragon of WORMS, are using in their Chief the Ermine-Chief lion. As I claimed without repentance that Annas, called Hanan by some Hebrews, was involved in some way with Angusta, here I now find the Ermine/Army surname with the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Annan(dale)s. The gold Ermine and Forman lion is also in the Chief of the Rimini Maschi's.

It's known that the royal CAPETians of France had ancestry in Worms, which helps to draw Geddes into the discussion as per their "CAPTa" motto term. The full motto includes "majora," and then Majors share anchor with Formans.

The Armys/Ermine's were first found in the same place as Bowles' and Bole's...whose apparent branches traced to Phocaea at the mouth of the Gediz, how about that. The Ananes at Placentia were Gauls of BC times, and Gauls of BC times had been stationed at the Rimini area, though I don't yet know how far south of Rimini they had settled. They are expected from the Levite-Galli priesthood in the Hatti theater.

Formans were first found in the same place (Lothian) as Keith-related Marshalls whose lozenges trace to Musso(lino)s. Marshals are said to be of the Keith CATTI, very traceable to the Cadusii-based Hatti. The Seatons/Sittens (share a version of the Forman / Worm dragon), who logically trace to Swiss Sion, were first found in the same place, HADDington, as Keiths. It is still up in the air as to whether Sittens trace to the Sidonian inhabitants of Laish. The Nimo's/NewMarch's/NewMARSH's who traced earlier to Marche, share the red-on-gold Seaton crescents and the Ermine/Army saltire. The Mazzo's/MazzoGALLI's/MazzPICa's who use a version of the Pembroke bend-with-dragon may thereby be linkable to the Worm bend-with-dragon.

Compare the Haddington Coat with the Ermine Coat.

The Luffs/Love's are actually traceable to mount Herman's Laish location, home of the pagan-Levite priesthood. I assume that, after Jonathan died, the priesthood was carried on by his son(s). I have been tinkering with the idea that three red chevrons belonged to Levi's as much as their three black chevrons, and so see the three black ones of Cotys whom are listed with Deacon suspects, important because Deacons were first found in the same place as Luffs/Love's...whose three red bars could be a version of someone's three red chevrons.

As the Cotys are listed with ARCHdeacons/ArchDickens, they could be Dyke's who happen to share the red squirrel with Ticino-suspect Decks/Daggers. That's one way to get Archdeacons to the Laevi. But the Arc river might apply in this surname (I doubt that the surname was named after an archdeacon), and the Cassans, using three red chevrons in both colors of the Luffs/Love's, may have been on the Arc river's Modane location because the Italian Cassans were first found in Modena. Modens/Modleys share a Shield of fretty lattice with the French Cotys'/Cotta's. The Armors may trace to Cotes-du-Armour (Brittany), which is the same as Cotes-du-Nord, where Motts were first found. Armors may have been Hermes liners, and then it's known that ermines are specially from Brittany.

Hermes evolved into Harmonia, wife of CADmus at BOEOTia , the place suspect with the Boet(h)us entity of the Sadducees. I think this short exercise establishes good basis to warrant a hunt of proto-Sadducees in the namers of the Gediz river. They may go back to mythical Cotys and the Cotesii, but are expected in the Cadusii Armenians that named Cadmus and the caduceus staff / rod of Hermes. They are expected from Jonathan. Laish will trace to the Lys'/Lisse's, first found in the same place as Levi's, and that place is Pharisee-like Paris.

The Lydian kings, Cadys and Ardys were brothers, dated about 800 BC, some 100 years before Gugu/Gyges. I have been wondering whether Gugu elements from Yuya named Yugoslavia, location of the Urbanus river, as well as the Juno cult where the Jonathan Levites are expected. In any case, I view Cadys and Ardys as myth codes because mount Sion was also called, Ardos, according either to the book of Enoch. AlyATTES, father of the brothers, was either code for, or named after, the Attis cult that I see as the Hatti of Cadusia-related Hattusa.

Another consideration is that while Laish was essentially at Panias, of the cult of Pan, Hermes' "son," the Pesaro trace to Pek elements is, I think, one to the Paeoni/Paioni, for Payens/Pagans/Paions figured into Pek-river liners. Let's recall the "MALO mori" motto term of Paine's, for Malahule of More was a Claro, from Clarus (Lydia border area not fart from the Hermus), and then the Haddock / Herman cross is also the Sinclair cross. The Sadducee-suspect Sheds (very linkable to the potent cross of Chads) use a HERMit in Crest.

Back to the hunt for the namers of Grand Ballon in Alsace. French Ballons use nothing but three ermines. Italian Ballons use a Shield split in the colors of the Maules Shield, perhaps tracing Maules' to Alsace's Mulhouse, about a dozen miles from Grand Ballon. Leo IX was from Alsace's Equisheim, which looks to be no more than 20 miles north of Mulhouse. At the bottom of the page at Leo's Wikipedia article, he's in a portrait with gold potent crosses on a white background, the symbol on the flag of Templar Jerusalem supposedly owned by Godfrey de Bouillon (latter surname like "Ballon"). Leo died just 42 years before Godfrey's invasion on Jerusalem. Apparently, the painter, or whoever commissioned the painter, knew that Leo was related / associated with the circle of de-Bouillon.

Now watch this. Irish Godfreys, using the same motto as English Godfreys, share the red Love/Luff lion heads, while the "libertas" motto term of Godfreys may be for the German Leib(er)s using the same red lion as Habsburgs, for example, or LEE's/Lighs. This recalls that German Lowens (can connect to Love's naturally) are also "Lobe/Lebe" so that Levi liners can be Lebe-like too, and in fact "Leo" may have started out as a Levi line. Lieb(er)s were first found in BRUNSwick while Dino's/Dinelli's, who use "LIBERTAS" in their Chief, were first found in the same place (Florence) as BRUNO's. It just so happens that Dino's are traced back to a Taddeo Dini (13th century) while Taddei's, first found in Florence, are using the white-on-red flory cross of Bouillons! (The Moor in the Godfrey Crest links well to the Moor head in the Bouillon surname.)

As Bouillons are likely of the Boii of Bologna, it's of course notable that Lowens/Lebe's were first found in Bohemia. We have apparently discovered that the Godfrey motto term is for Lowen liners = the Pierleoni. But that makes Liebers (not the same as Leibers) The white bird in the Love/Luff Crest is called a "bird," which clinches the Bouillon-Love relationship because Birds/Burds use the Bouillon / Taddei cross in colors reversed. It now begs the question on whether the three Love/Luff bars are of the two the Ballon bars, for there are two in the same colors in the Mousquette Coat that share the Love/Luff lion heads. These lions are in the colors of the Loewenstein lions.

Recall the tentative Lee link to "Leo," and that Irish Lee's share the black leopard face with Aide's, for the Aide's likewise use the bend in the colors of the Alsace bend. I have become very sure that the Aide and Stephenson bends are of the Valentin bend. Pope Leo I "the great" was concurrent with the Valentinian emperors.

While the Debons were first found in Milan, it just so happens that Italian Milans share the tree stump with Leib(er)s, and that the many Bon-like variations of Debons can trace to Bononia = Bologna. In fact, Boulogne of France, where de-Bouillon's father (Eustace II) roosted, was also "Bononia." It's the Avons/Avents who share the Eustace stag. We can be sure that French Bonnets/Bone's apply because they use the three ermine spots of the Brittany Ballons, which in-turn implies a Ballon like to Bouillons, perhaps branch's from identical stock in Bologna. German Bonnets use chapeau's.

Eustace's family was traced to Bolzano, the Arms of which uses a six-pointed star, not the Zionist star, on a red fesse. The same gold star, on a red bend, is in the Arms of Sixtus V. There are three pears held by the Sforza-colored lion. I have had a question as to whether "Sixtus" related to the Sexton variation of Saxons/Septons, who use CHAPlets.

Repeat from earlier: "There is a question as to whether the Montalto location of pope Sixtus (a Pierleoni liner) traces to Modena via the Monte Alto location of the Mauds. Montalto is beside PICENo in Marche, and so it might not be a coincidence that Pike's/PICKENs (Ayrshire) have a saltire in colors reversed from that of Nimo's/Newmarch's. The latter are using the Annandale saltire as used by the Arms of Ayrshire." The Mauds are using so-called "gemel" fesse bars, symbol of Medleys, likely a branch of Modleys/Medlicots. The Nimo's, first found in the same place as Scottish Chappes/Chaips so as to jibe with the Chaplets, use a saltire with symbols in the colors of the Sixtus bend with star.

At the page below, there is a collection of carved images using Sixtus' symbols, none of which use a six-pointed star, most of which use the eight-pointed star, and always with the lion. Sixtus must have been a line from Brogitarus' Cybele cult, especially if the Italian word for his mounds/mountains was code for Amyntes. Moreover, the old Arms show three mounds whereas his Arms at Wikipedia show six. At the bottom of the page below, there is an Arms of pope Alexander VII using six mounds and a star above them.

At Alexander's page below, all the many icons of his Arms show the eight-pointed star. Scroll down to the one where the star is on a floor, where it looks like four, crossed compass needles, for the Irish Pettys use a compass needle at the lower end of a bend and a six-pointed star at the upper end, in the same way that Sixtus had his star at the upper end of his bend. I'm keeping in mind that I traced Pettys to Pietas-Julia = Pula in ISTRia, for the eight-pointed star was Ishtar's symbol. Then, while English Pettys use the elephant, read this: "There are more Egyptian obelisks in Rome than in the rest of the world! Most of them are topped by mountains and a star, but usually the mountains are three in memory of other popes (mainly Pope Sixtus V, but also Pope Clement XI and Pope Pius VII). Only the elephant in Piazza S. Maria sopra Minerva bears an obelisk tipped by the six mountains of Alexander VII. It was designed by Bernini (the elephant is a work by Ercole Ferrata)."

It looks to me like the Pettys traced themselves to Alexander and Sixtus, but nobody's telling. It also looks like Pettys trace to the Dudley pears so that Dudleys trace to one or both of these popes. Alexander also had the oak-tree symbol, shared with popes Sixtus IV and Julius II. The possibility is that the Oak was for the Apollo/Polloni surname (from Pula?) because the Apple's (SIX martlets) and Applebys (SIX martlets) might related who use a version of one Mountain Coat (SIX martlets, Essex). Moreover, the latter three share gold martlets with elephant-using Pettys! The Mountain bend can be the Peter bend too, but to convince me that these surnames are the meaning of Alexanders symbols, the Dawsons, first found in the same place (Westmorland) as Applebys, use martlets on a bend in Mountain-bend colors. The six martlets of Applebys are arranged like the six mountains of Alexander VII, though upside-down.

The other Dawsons (six-pointed estoile) sharing a "lodged" stag with Haslips/Islips are Hazel liners, and the "slipped" pears of Dudleys link exactly to Haslips/Islips. These stags are suspect with Maxwells, mother stock of Polloni-suspect Pollocks whose saltire (they use two color schemes for it) is in the colors of the cross in the Arms of Pula. One color scheme of Pollocks (displayed at Wikipedia's Clan Pollock article) is a green-on-gold saltire, the colors of the Petty bend with the martlets.

We saw at least two items borrowed from the Arms of HalesOWEN for the Arms of Dudley, and so first note the eight-pointed stars and lions in the Keon/Owen/Hones Coat. They and Owens share the same lion as pear-using Peretts/Perots. Then see the pineAPPLE's of the Prince surname, suggested by the "PRINCipibus" motto term of Hales', and the "eastern prince" of Newtons (whom I've traced to Pollocks). The PRINSe variation betrays that Prince's are Perans'/Perrings, both first found in Yorkshire (ditto for Percys with "EsPERANCE motto term and sharing "Dieu" with Peters). To help prove that "princiPIBUS" is a code, the Peebe's surname is listed with Peeble's sharing the Petty parrots! It's a no-brainer now that the engrailed, black-on-white chevron of Peeble's is that of the Perans'.

Can any new reader easily get over the fact that heraldry is one huge tracking system, while no one's telling the world about it? What kind of people run this world, anyway? Why do they lie to us concerning ancestral roots? Am I the only smart person in the world, who, looking at motto terms and symbols, can figure out that almost all of it is code? If I'm not the only smart person, then why do I never read about these codes being revealed by others? Even the heraldry experts do their darndest not to give clue to readers that symbols are code for surnames. Instead, they deliberately lie. No one having years of experience with heraldry can fail to see that the inventors of Arms studded them with codes for kin, yet they don't reveal this. What's wrong with their hearts?

The crossed "SHIN bones" of Newtons may be for the Shins/Chinns, perhaps a branch of Chaine's/Chenays represented by the Dudley chain. The Bone's happen to use a Coat very-reflective of the Apple-related Mountains! Instead of the six Mountain martlets, the Bone's use six lions in the same positioning (lions are expected here).

The Hales motto is likely for the Come's/Comets, going back to the Zionist-star "comet" of Perans-suspect Peretti's/Perino's. That Zionist star with a tail was suspect with the Petty star at the end of their needle. It's clear here that pope Sixtus Peretti was honoring the Comet surname (Cheshire, same as Hales') with his star. I'm going to trace the star in the Arms of Sixtus, as per his Wikipedia article, to the stars in the cross of the Annandale Adams, from Adam Kilconquhar, whose mother was a Comyns that traced to Como (beside Conte-like Cantu, hmm) not far north of Milan. Italian Adams (Fermo, about 70 miles south of Pesaro) could be using the Hales Shield. Irish Adams use the Jefferson motto. Borderlands Adams could be using the Arms of Pula.

I've never been able to discover what surname(s) apply to the "GEOMETriam" motto term of these Pettys, but suddenly "COMET" looks like one contender. There are Spanish and Portuguese Gomez'/Comez' that might apply, the Portuguese branch using pelicans on their nests.

The apple (in Apple / Appleby colors) is used by Peretti-like Paris'/Parez'. They were first found in Lorraine so that they are from that area's Parez location. Might the namers of Perta at lake Tatta have named mythical Paris? Didn't the Macissus location near Perta name the Macestus river near Parion? Were Pharisees from Perta?

Crispins from Parez use POMEgranate's, now realized as code for the Parez apple, and then English Crispins were first found in Oxfordshire, where Pear/Pearls and pear-using Abbotts (share unicorn with English Paris') were first found both sharing the chevron of Tiens'/Thames' (named after the Thames river through Oxfordshire) that I trace to THEMIScyra, the early home of Amazons who lived later in Mysia, location of Parion and the Macestus. Near the Thermodon river (location of Themiscyra), there was a major MAZACA location (later Caesarea), possible origin of the MASCles in the Tiens/Thames Chief (in the colors of the Winchester mascles). Mazaca was in CAPPAdocia, where the Capes' of the Oxford area can trace...i.e. where the namers of Caiaphas can trace. The Peretts/Perots/Parts, using pears in the colors of the Abbott pears, are said to have had a Mr. Perrott marry a daughter of Mr. Rice while Rize is very near the Thermodon.

Let's keep the Petty elephant in mind as per the elephant in the Arms of Oxford. And here's a "pear tree sprig" in the mouth of a "hind" in the Perry surname using what could be the Vere Shield. The Hinds use three lozenges in the colors of the same of Welsh Parrys, explaining the Perry hind (probably meaning that we should ignore the trace to "ap-Harry"). (Parrys look linkable to the Coat of German Cassans.) The ImPERI peoples, priests of Boofima, are coming to mind because Boeufs/Beefs (PERIgord) are using the same fesse as Parrys, and of the Nagle's (lozenges) tracing to Oneglia = IMPERIA.

It seems that ArTEMIS was named after Themiscyra, and so it stands to reason that these Mysians named Artemidoros, making Brogitarus' ethnicity suspect as Mysian, important because he is also suspect with the Maccabees that appear to be the namers of Akmonia, home of Artemidoros' grandson. As per the Tiens variation of the Thames', it's in the motto of squirrel-using Decks/Daggers, and then Belgian Paris'/Parrys' share the red Dagger squirrel while apple-using Paris'/Parez' (share the Hazel / Dussel(dorf) fesse) are said to have become barons of DAGONville.

It was not too many updates ago (1st in February) when the Carrick roots of Adam Kilconquhar's wife (Marjory of Carrick) were learned to be in the red-squirrel Gilberts ("Teg" motto term). I didn't realize at the time, even though the Deck'/Dagger motto, "Tiens FERME", was a topic, that the FERMO location of Italian Adams should apply. Here's a snippet from the February article: "The Gilbert Coat uses the red-on-white chevron of the Earls of Carrick because Gilbert was father to Duncan (latter was the grandfather of Marjorie Carrick), first earl of Carrick"

Of interest where Caracalla is suspect with Carrick roots, his mother's father, Julius Bassianus, was stationed (given a job) by Caracalla in Dalmatia, the area also where pope Sixtus' Peretti surname was said by some to originate.

In the 4th of February, I was still echoing finds on Kilconquhar, when finding that the Irish Clair write-up traced the Clairs to Gilbert Crispin. It makes the blue Clair fesse look like the Paris/Parez fesse. I had traced the family of Caracalla's mother (tentatively) to Grasse in the Provence theater, where the Grasse/GRESS surname (same place as French Gilberts) was first found suspect in the "ProGRESS" motto term of Dudleys. The Grasse/Gress lion is expected to be the Italian Conte lion, and therefore part of the line to the Conteville's of Comyns, suspect with same-colored Comets (i.e. honored by Peretti's).

Note the "REGAL bearing" in the write-up of Cone-related Conte's, who trace to the Maschi pine cones and Perans fir cones. It allows one to consider a link between the identical Conte and Peter lions. Bearings are listed with BECKERings that had become suspect with hard-s PESARo liners, and it just so happens that the black bend in the Bearing/Baring/Beckering (Baring bankers?) is traceable to the Rimini theater (see "black bend" earlier in this update). As BECKerings were first found in Nottinghamshire while Nottings (Bassianus suspects) use a version of the BUCKEN/Bucking(ham) Coat, it's more likely that the Conte - Peter lion links to the identical BUCHANan lion, increasing the chances of a trace to lake Baccano, Borgo, Trastevere, etc. Here's from the 1st update of April, 2013, noting how Comet stock can trace to Borgo of Rome:

The six-pointed shooting star in the Arms of the Salesians of Don Bosco was found (can't recall which surname) to be called a comet...It's very likely that Comets were from the Comites-like variations of the Conte's...See Jean/John de Conteville-Burgo, earl of Comyn:
John, Earl of Comyn, and Baron of Tonsburgh, in Normandy, being general of the king's forces and governor of his chief towns, there obtained the surname "De Burgh," and took his motto, "Ung roy, ung foy, ung loy," from that of Caen, a chief town in his jurisdiction.

He had issue. The eldest son, Harlowen [Herluin] de Burgh, m. Arlotta [Herleva], mother of William the Conqueror...

I had forgotten that quote. It means that the Conteville's own the Irish Burgh/Burk/Berk Coat, and it does show the lion of Italian Conte's in the top corner. I had forgotten that Conteville's had connection to Caen, wherefore note that Irish Clairs are using the five Caen feathers. The Clare's are of course linkable to the Conqueror himself, the control freak who sought to count and record everyone's belongings. Caen is of the area where Rimini-theater lines had been tracing. The Tunbridge location of Clare's ought to link to the TonsBURGH location of the Burghs, right?

The Yonge's/Youngs are apparently honored in the Burgh/Berk motto, and I have the sense that it has to do with "A red shield displaying a pelican feeding her YOUNG in a nest, natural." That's the description of the German Well (no 's') Coat, identical to the DeVaud/DeVAUX Coat, and then the Vaux's/Vallibus are (or were) said online to be a branch of Wells'. The English Wells happen to use a two-tailed version of the Conte lion, and the Bearings/Beckerings, insinuated in the write-up of English Conte's/COMITes' are not by coincidence using the checkered Shield of the Vaux surname. That's how you can know that "regal bearing" is the falsification, though meant as secret code, of the heraldry goons. As the Well pelican with her young are in the Coat of Portuguese Gomez'/Comez', they might just be a line of Comites'.

Herluin de Burgh in the quote above was father to Emma de Conteville, grandmother of Maccabee suspect, Ranulph le Meschin, and mother of Hugh D'AVRANces, the latter surname looking like "Varangi" and but also AVARAN Maccabee, brother of the first-known five Maccabees. As the father of the five boys was MATTATHias, and as a Maccus viking was on the Isle of Man, by what coincidence are Mathie's/Matthews using the Clare chevrons in colors reversed while Mathie's/Maghans/Manns (MacArthur crown, as with Irish Clairs) use the Conte lion in colors reversed??

Can Conte's trace to Don Bosco and his Salesians? Isn't it expected that the shooting star in his Arms is that of Sixtus and Alexander VII? And, by the way, here's a quote on the latter pope: "Cardinal Fabio Chigi chose the name of Alexander VII in memory of Pope Alexander III who had fought Emperor Frederick I to preserve the independence of the Church. Alexander had become a most unsuitable name after Alexander VI Borgia." Well, how do we really know that he chose the name after Alexander III? Perhaps he was secretly a descendant of Alexander Borgia (his family was leading the early Jesuits), for the latter was in Gandia (Spain), and "married" to Candida, like "Gentile" and its variations.

After the quote on Don Bosco above, I went on to write this: "The boy mission [uh-oh] of Don John Bosco was given support by pope Pius IX [uh-oh], born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti. Why would his parents give him a Maria name? Are we talking feminine-type men [that like the bodies of boys?]." WHAT A COINCIDENCE that "Ferretti" rhymes with "Peretti"!!! It can now trace "Ferrara" to a fundamental root with Peter ancestry, perhaps all tracing to Perta (Perts/Petts share mascles with Peters). Here's the Ferretti's (Sicily) looking like a branch of Kite's/Keyts and Kitts. As Kitts use TULips while the Tewlop variation of Tulips can link to Tewels/Tuels, it can apply to the "tolle" motto term in the Arms of Don Bosco. And, aha, Tulips/Tewlops (tulip) use a single Zionist star in the colors of the Zionist comets of Peretti's!

English Tolle's (pyramid), Dol suspects, are using a Shield filled with checks in the blue-and-white colors of the same of the Brittany Fers/FERATS, and that's how else we can know that pope Pius Ferretti linked to Sixtus Peretti. I see all sorts of potential links here to the THULE Nazi's.

It looks like the comet-using Bosco organization was, without question, descended from Sixtus' family, opening up a whole new line of investigation in Bosco liners. See below at what I had written (in 2103) just before the quotes above, keeping in mind that the Monte Alto location to which Mauds are traced in their write-up can go to pope Sixtus Peretti of Montalto:

The Arms of the Salesians of Bosco use a "Tolle" motto term, and then German Tolle's and Spanish Majors both use white-and-black checks...

The red-on-white lion head of French Majors is in the Crest of Mauds/Molds. I looked the latter up as per their double bars with a thin dividing line between them, because the same is used in the Arms of Francis of Sales. The Maud/Mold Coat looks like a variation of the Monmouth Coat, which should begin to explain the Magor location in Monmouthshire. The Mauds/Molds, first found in Cheshire, must be from the Mold location (on my atlas) between Chester and Flint. Mold looks to be about 15 miles north of Llangollen, where Lancelot / Llancol elements are to be expected.

Here's the Arms of the Salesians of Don Bosco, showing a man (purple robe) beside an anchor with a coiled rope, and a purple flaming heart, themes reflecting those in the Arms of Dudley. Anchors are shared by Tolle's and Majors too. The motto in the Don-Bosco Arms includes "Caetera Tolle," important for tracing "KETURA" to the Cutters using the Saluzzo Shield in colors reversed, for Bosco and his Salesians are suspect from Busca and neighboring Saluzzo. The Salesians were named after Francis of Sales.

The Crimon/Rimmon motto: "PerMITTE CAETERA divis." It can suggest that the Tolle pyraMID (nine levels plus a cap) is part code for the Pier(leoni) liners and part-code for whatever "Mitte" stands for. What about "Metz" liners, for pope Leo IX of Pierleoni involvement (originated to the near-east of Lorraine) was bishop of Toul (Moselle river), in Lorraine, meaning that Toul is near Metz, and then the Kite's / Kitts were suggested recently from ITTE (Ida) of Metz. If it had occurred to you (last update) that the so-called "boilers" in a Benedict Coat were a special name for the letter, 'T', see nothing but a giant 'T' as the Arms of Papal Toul. The boiler Benedicts could be using the Saluzzo Shield.

Toul is less than 15 miles west of Nancy, and so see the Arms of Templar Jerusalem (gold-on-white potent cross) in the Arms of Nancy, likely from the rule of Godfrey de Bouillon in Lorraine. The curved gold fish are from the Baars of Brunswick, from Bar near KOTOR (my opinion), part of the Keturah line, in my opinion. See the Catter fish. Repeat from earlier on Leo IX: "At the bottom of the page at Leo's Wikipedia article, he's in a portrait with gold potent crosses on a white background, the symbol on the flag of Templar Jerusalem". But the first invasion of Jerusalem happened a generation after he died.

Here's yet another quote from the 2013 update, now crossing paths with Dudleys while on the Salyes theater, albeit Turin is at the end of the Bautica/Baldea river (to which de-Bouillon traces) coming out of Aosta, the latter founded by a Salassi peoples and possibly linkable to Bars of Este:

The boy mission of John Bosco was started as a night-school in ValDOCCO (suburb of Turin), and then the Logans, who use the Douglas [Flemings] heart now suspect as the "inflamed heart" of the Salesians of Bosco, are strangely shown with a Duck variation. If per chance this Duck surname traces to "ValDocco," Duck-like "Douglas" could trace there too. English Docks just happen to use an upright lion in the colors of the same of Douglas-related Dudleys (both use the SALAmander in FLAMES).

But the Dock / Dudley lion is suspect as the Massin/Mason lion, and that latter surname traces to Massino-Visconti in the Novara area of Piedmont, land of the Laevi.

It could be added that duck-using LINKletters, whom I trace to the letters in the LANG Coat, are sharing a checkered fesse with some Mark surnames traceable to Marici on the Ticino. The Linkletter fesse is partly in black-on-white, colors reversed to the Lang fesse with letters. Langhe is in Piedmont. Therefore, ignore the Linkletter derivation in its write-up.

Piedmont is where the comet-using Peretti's (Ferrari / Ferretti / Kitt / Metz colors) were first found, now suspect as a Pharisee line. As Itte of Metz was daughter to Pepin of Landen, while Peretti's use a PALE bar, note that Pale's/Palleys (same place as Perins') share the camel with Pepins and Pipes. Londons are also LANGdons. The ORGAN pipe's of Letts are suspect with the ORKNey location of LinkLETTers. The latter are suspect from Lyncestes in the Paeoni / Pelagonia theater, and then the Paeoni of Astibus may have named Asti, beside Langhe. The "Skoal" motto term of Linkletters should trace to potent-cross liners e.g. the Patents and Schole's/Scayle's, for the Linkletter ducks are called SHELdrakes, traceable with scallops to Scylla: "A sheldrake gorged with a crown, and resting the dexter foot on a gold escallop."

Sheltons are in the colors of SKELtons (rooster), suggesting that Sheltons and sheldrake-using Sheldons can be Scylla liners. Yes, the Linkletters must have linked to Sheldons. The Letters/Lauders (double tressure border) are even using the same griffin as Ali's/Aliotta's, first found in Messina. As Scylla is at the extreme edge of Sicily upon the Calabria coast, it's notable that Sheltons have the cross style of, in colors reversed from, Italian Gentile's, first found in Calabria.

One German Lang Coat and Crest share the same pelican designs as the Gomez Coat and Crest. These symbols, including the nest and the "young" within it, trace to mythical Nestor at Pylos of Messene, and from there can be expected at Scylla. The Yonge's/Youngs must be using "piles" for that reason. However, some piles are called pennants, and these trace to Pennys/Penes' with a LYNX in Crest as code for Lyncestes elements at Penestae along the Drilon river. Sadducees had been suspect from lake Lychnidus between Penestae and Lyncestes, while Maccabees are traced to the neighboring Mathis. Levi's are traced to Lissus at the mouth of the Drilon, near the mouth of the Mathis.

Sheldrake-using Sheldons (same place as SKULL-and-bone Benedicts) use an "Optimum pati" motto partly for Patti at Scylla. The Sheldon fesse is in the colors of the Lang fesse with letters, and moreover Patty / Nitt colors are being used. The Nitts/Naughts/Nutts ("COMMITTo" motto term), suspect with the Saddock Shield, were first found in the same place (Dumfries) as the Nith river, to which an online article on the Geddes traced the proto-Geddes GEDs (about 400 AD). The write-up of the sheldrake-suspect Drake's traces the surname falsely to the GAIT of a duck, but we get it.

Gaits/Gate's were first found in the same place as Chaddocks and Chadwicks...and the Mitanni-based Washingtons whose Coat trace's to the Ness/NEST surname, at mythical Nestor of Pylos, beside Mitanni-suspect Methoni. The double Washington fesses are a take on the GEMEL bars of Wassa's/Gace's. To what gemel-like entity did Washingtons trace to if not those of Mitanni-suspect Mauds and Medleys???

Scottish Docks/Doags (PERTHshire) happen to share a thistle with the Arms of Nancy, the latter's largest symbol. The blue-lion Docks were first found in the same place (Staffordshire) as Tolle's, and it was found that "MurDOCKs use checks in the colors of the Fer/Ferrat and Nith checks". I trace Paeoni of Stobi to the namers of Staffordshire (and it's Stubbs / Stubbings).

The Logans were mentioned partly due to the heart of Don-Bosco, and partly due to sharing three nails with the Arms of Francis of Sales, but recently, nails in the Arms of Colchester were a topic, a city that was earlier CAMULOdunum, no coincidence. The Arms of Colchester are said to be largely in honor of Helena, mother of Constantine "the great." The question had been whether Camulodunum was from the namers of Gamala in Israel, which can be answered better in the affirmative if the Gauls around Rimini were at the Colapis river, what I consider proto-Colchester. And the terms around Rimini have traced excellently to the Colapis / Oeneus theater. Therefore, the Gauls suspect at Gamala are now tracing through the eastern coast of Italy to mythical Camulos, of the namers of Camulodunum. We simply seek evidence for that idea. Gamala has been suspect as an origin of Pharisees and Sadducees.

The 2013 update suggested a trace of Giovanni Maria MASTAI-Ferretti (pope Pius IX) to the Masts/Masters surname sharing the Cutter griffin heads in the same colors, and using a "parta" motto term. The "tueri" motto term of Masters is like the "tuarum" of Letters, and we saw Letters tracing to Langhe, beside the Montferrat to which Ferretti's and Peretti's are suspect. But Letters also trace to Aliotta's of Messene, where "Master" should trace. I think a good case has been made for linking Leo IX, Sixtus V, and Pius IX.

Cuneo's Goats and the Caprus River

In the 3rd update of last month, when Fiora-river suspects were looked at, the VITERbo location (not very far from the Fiora) was considered for a trace to Weathers/WITHERs, who happen to share a chevron in the colors of the Hawthorn / Tancred / Tresure / NEWPORT / Walch / Mound/Mund chevron. Each and everyone of the surnames between the slashes has been traceable to Pierleoni's at Trastevere. Withers (Cowes / Guiscard colors) were first found in the same place (Hampshire) as the Isle of WIGHT, the location of Cowes and Newport. It is not likely coincidental that the Newports are sharing the Mund format with Withers, therefore, suggesting now that Viterbo elements named Wight. (The Paternosters, a branch of Patricks, judging by the black saltires, can be added to the Mund-format crowd.)

In that 3rd update, Mauds were traced to the mouth of the Fiora, and here we find the Newports using a "MODum" motto term. I think we have something here, especially as a trace was concluded of the Cavii to the Fiora while Caves'/Caveys share a fretty Shield with Modens/Modeys. That update also traced Flecks and Palmers to the Fiora, and so let's mention that Perans'/Perrings look linkable with Rowels to both. Perans/Perrings use leopard faces in colors reversed to the same of Newports, and as the latter's are in the colors of the Aide leopard faces, Newports may have been linked to Levi's, not too surprising because Wight is in the same place as Josephs and the Cassans expected from Modena. In this picture, the Newport unicorn makes the unicorn-using Firs/Feuers suspect with "Fiora," which may then trace the FIR cones of Perans'/Perrings ("FERiunt" motto term) to Fiora elements.

The Mauds have become suspect at pope Sixtus' Montalto (near Rimini) since tracing them to Montalto di Castro at the mouth of the Fiora. Here's from the 3rd of February:

The Castro's were looked up in case they might link to Montalto di Castro, and they happen to use a flag with castle, as do McLeods/LOUDS...Castro's (Genoa) look linkable to Gisels/Gris' and Monaco's, and while these became suspect with Herods, the Herod surname is found in the list of McLeod septs...The Crimmons/Rimmons [sept of McLeods] share the gold-on-blue lion with Gisels, Monaco's and Castro's...not to mention Maschi's of Rimini.

There you have a good reason to trace McLeods (or proto-McLeods) between Rimini and the Fiora, and this update here had this: "The white castle on the one half of the Cossel/Cassel Coat could thus be the McLeod castle because Crimmons (with Rimmon variation) are listed as a sept of McLeods." The Cossels/Cassels are the ones sharing three red chevrons with the Hampshire Cassans. The question them becomes whether Sixtus=Peretti elements were in both Montalto's as well as in a trace between Cassans of Modena to Mauds.

Gauls of Rimini are now suspect with the Gaulonites at Israel's GAMALA, where the Gaulonite, Judas, started a band with one Sudduc mentioned by Josephus as a potential Sadducee patriarch. Why do Mauds, Medleys and HasMONean-suspect MONmouths use bars GEMEL? The Arms of Francis of Sales use gemel bars too, and a Galero hat. Gamala was taken by Alexander Jaunnĉus Maccabee, king of Jerusalem around 100 BC, and Josephus was even there:

When the great war broke out against Rome, Gamala at first remained true to the Romans (Josephus, "Vita,"§ 11), the oppressed inhabitants of Bathyra finding refuge there (ib.); but later it also revolted, and was fortified by Josephus ("B. J." ii. 20, §, 16). King Agrippa sent Equiculus Modius thither to conquer the fortress, but he was too weak to do so...

The Mishnah [reliable?] counts Gamala among the cities which had been surrounded by a wall since the time of Joshua ('Ar. ix. 6)...

Why did Agrippa send a Mr. Modius to Gamala? He sounds like he was from Modi'in. It's known that Galena-like lines used the rooster symbol, for example, Gallura in northern Sardinia, ruled by rooster-using Visconti's of Sardinia. But in southern Sardinia, there is a Sulcis location, also called, Sant'Antioco, clearly named by Seleucids out of Antioch, their Syrian capital. And Alexander Balus, a Seleucid king, had made a pact with Jonathan Maccabee, who may be the reason for the naming of Alexander Jaunnĉus Maccabee. In fact, the Jonathan/Jonas surname uses roosters, and they are shared by Gorms/Blue's, from Arran (same place as MacAbee's) in the Archelaus-like ARGYLLshire theater.

The lozenges of German Cassans are in the colors of the same of rooster-using Cocks, allowing one to trace Modena elements to Gaulonite suspects such as Cocks and Cochs, but the Grimaldi's (of Hasmonean-suspect MONaco) share the Cock Shield, and they are now tracing to Crimmon-like Grimano. In this picture, it is notable that Cockers are using the fleur of Jonathan-like June's.

The Heddings can be traced to Haddington, location of Musselburgh. It struck me that Heddings are using boys as symbol, and so I'd like to show the FIVE boys in this MASCULine Coat, for Musselburgh is suspect with Mussels/MUSCELs. Heddings were first found in the same place (Nottinghamshire) the Meighs sharing the boars of Judds/Juggs, suspect from Jugon, roughly where Motts were first found. It occurs to me that there are five boys as code for the five Maccabee brothers, which included Jonathan (I find it suspicious that Josephus gave no genealogy for Jonathan, perhaps due to its Sadducee- and Pharisee-like names). The Boy/Bouie surname (in Masculine-boy colors) uses bees and is therefore suspect with "MaccaBEE," and then the Bessin surname happens to use bees while the Bessin was home to Meschins/MASCULINE's. I therefore feel that it's correct to see the five boys as the Maccabees.

Next, let's discuss the Pledge Coat to trace the Boys/Bouie's to the Boils/Boghills suspect with the Benedict "boilers." Pledge's use stags likely around the Mussel/Muscel and Meschin/Masculine fesse, for Pledge's share the stag with Keiths of Haddington. Pledge's were looked up upon finding the "having PROFITable pledges" as the supposed derivation of the Boil/Boghill surname. The Pledge stags are called, bucks, but as French Masseys once showed the Trip boots, so we find that the Pledge's use "bucks trippant pellettee." Pellets happen to share grails in the colors of the Christian grails, and Christians are suspect from Benedictus Christianus (the Pierleoni). Christians were first found on the Isle of Man operated by a Maccus character. Man is not far from Mona. It seems that Pledge's are linking to Maccabee liners. It's not a coincidence that the Isle of Man uses human legs, the Profett/PROFIT symbol.

In this case, the Pleger variation of Pledge's suggests Pollux (depicted as a PUGIList) whom had traced to Apulia/PUGLia, where the Crest of Coffee's/Coffers traces...because it's the Arms of Taranto in Apulia. The Coffee's/Coffers are in PROFIT colors and use a PROVIDentia motto term, thus linking Coffers to Boils (the Benedict boilers that look like 'T's might just be for Taranto, therefore). There is a Motel surname, sharing the pegasus with Masseys, that, while first found in Calabria, is said to be from Mottola in Taranto province. The Motel symbol is possibly for the horse symbol of Castor, Pollux's brother.

The Motel horse holds a bent arm in its mouth, reflecting the bent human legs of Man. The CAFFERys/MacGoffreys/MacGODFREYs, perhaps to be linked to Boils, Boys/Bouie's and Bouillons/Bouile's, are in Coffee/Coffer / Profit colors, and use a white horse with a rider, the latter having feathers in his helmet, the symbol on a coin of Herod Archelaus who is tentatively tracing to Motel-suspect Modane. The Lannoys, likewise with feathers from a helmet, have a branch in colors reversed to the Cafferys. Mauds were first found in the same place as Masseys/Maceys, and Masci's were first found in the same place as Peretti's and Cuneo.

Pope Peretti was the one born to Pier Gentile, and then Italian Gentile's were, along with Motels, first found in Calabria. Italian Gentile's are the one's suspect with the Winchester cross, as well as with the Ghents, first found in the same place as Winchester. The Masculine boys are suspect in the mascles of Winchesters, but here it's notable that Modens/Modeys were first found beside Hampshire.

There is a question as to whether "Ferretti" was a merger with the CafFERTY variation of Cafferys. Pope Ferretti was the one supporting Don Bosco and the Cuneo-suspect Salesians. In myth, Taranto was paired with Satyrion, suspect with Satrae Thracians = mythical Satyrs. Turin, on the north of Cuneo, from the Turano river along side the Salto (i.e. suspected origin of Salesians), looks traceable to "Taranto." Satrae are suspect at Cuneo's Stura valley, and at the Stour river near the two Avon rivers. French Sturs are said to be from TOURlaville.

I recall reading that Taranto and/or it neighbors were co-founded by Spartans, who were also LaceDAEMONians suspect at the Demonte location along the Stura. And the Dumnonii co-founded Somerset, location of the Stour, itself beside the Hampshire Sturs. Of related interest, the three red fesse bars of Hermans can be in use by Sturs because Hermes was made born at Arcadia, on the north side of Sparta, while Hermes' son was a Satyr. Hermans had just linked to the Love/Luff bars for the first time while I've been tracing the Stur bars to the same-colored ones of Leavells/Lovells for some time, probably no coincidence.

Who were the Levites in the Sparta / ArCADia theater? We should ask the CADmus Boeotians who, when they defeated Ares' dragon, the dragon teeth arose and became the "Sparti." Boeotians are suspect in evolving into the Boii of Bononia, and Benedicts, first found in the same place as one Avon river, are the ones using BOIlers upon a Shield with the color combination of Salto-based Saluzzo's. It hasn't dawned on me until now that "BENED(ict)" (not necessarily the original surname) looks like "AVENT(ino)." Reminder: the book of Dutch Benedicts traces with the book of Reeds/Rieds and Roets to Rieti, at the confluence of the Salto with the Turano.

The alternative-German Lang Coat can be using the gold griffin on three feet in the bend of Pembroke's, first found in Avon, which is to say that Cuneo's Langhe elements of some questionable sort are expected on the Avon rivers. I just went (after writing the sentence above) to the atlas to find that, after the Stura flows by Cuneo, it flows to Fossano, suspect with Fucino near the sources of the Salto. That's when "Col de Larche" was spotted at the sources of the Stura, which recalled that Lurch's/Larchers use three arrows, symbol of the German Langs above...wherefore it's certain that Lurchs/Larchers and Archers trace to the namer of Col de Larche. THIS IS AN AMAZING DISCOVERY for proving that Lurch's/Larchers trace to Lurco, father-in-law of Appius PULCHer, for the latter surname was claimed to be the representation / root of the PELICan, a symbol of the other German Langs!

The Archers, first found in Wiltshire, location of one Avon river, and sharing the symbols of Lurch's/Larchers, even use a "bona" motto term, jibing with the "le bon" of Benedicts. It's only now that I recall the Bennets, who use the Benedict motto, and so compare "BENNET" with the "AVENT" variation of Avons, suggesting the distinct possibility that the Aventine hill at Rome named Benedicts. English and Scottish Bennets are somewhat using the color scheme of Chadwicks / Chaddocks, and first found in the same place, that being Lang-like Lancashire. The central, gold Benedict star has been replaced by a same-colored and central patee and besant in the two Bennet Coats, and a besant is held by a blue lion in the Crest of Bends/Bents, first found in Cheshire and Lancashire. Therefore, the heraldic bend must be code for Benedict liners.

Aha! The Massimo's (BENDY!) were just entered because that term had been found beside Aventino, which found a blue Chief without symbols, used likewise by boiler Benedicts!!! Bonnets/Bonnie's (white martlet) therefore look like they could be using the Masci bend with fleur.

It can now seem that Bononia elements trace to AVENTino, which recalls the ancient ABANTI(ans) of Euboea, smack beside the Boii-suspect Boeotians/Boiotians. Abantians had been identified by ancients with mythical Abas, now suspect with the Abaeus cult and "MaccABAEUS," but it was years before knowing of the Abaeus cult (found just months ago thanks to a reader) that Maccabees were traced both to Masci liners and the Boii of Bononia. The Abaeus false-prophet cult was at Fucino-like Phocis, beside Boeotia, and associated with ancient Muses.

It's not necessarily a contradiction to trace Firs/Feuers to the Stura valley in Cuneo, where they were traced until now, as well as to the Fiora river and adjacent Viterbo. The Stour river flows to the mouth of one Avon river at the ocean overlooking the waters around Viterbo-based Wight (these waters are called, The Needles, on my atlas). The quatrefoils of Scottish Wights (share "parta" with Masters) in conjunction with Cowes of Wight are the ones with a confident trace to Quadratilla and Laevillus at Qewe, important because Wight is in the same place as Stur-suspect Leavells/Lovells. We probably only need to go back to the ancestry of either Quadratilla or Laevillus to find the birth of Caiaphas, but no one has revealed the needed ancestry. There is one generation missing in the ancestry of Quadratilla smack at the expected time of Caiaphas' birth.

It can be gleaned that Quints and Levi-beloved Aide's are all over the Wight surnames. The English Wights look like they are using the Salisbury lion, but it dawns on me that the Salisbury Coat is a version of both Bennet Coats, excellent because Salisbury is along the Avon river with a mouth near Wight. I'm not sure that I agree with the Salisbury write-up's trace of "Searo(byrig)" to "SORVIOdunum," but the makers of the Bennet / Benedict motto, in using "servir," look like they trace to that place, also called, Sorbiodunum, a location on the north side of Salisbury. This recalls the trace of the red Veringer antler to the red antler in the Arms of Spree-Neisse, in Lusatia, home of Sorbs. It can indicate that Veringers, and their blue-antler cousins, the Zahringers (who are now tracing to the early names of Salisbury), were Sorbs, perfect where we see Sorbiodunum next to Salisbury. If we decide that Zahringers had ancestry at Searobyrig, then Veringers can trace to the Ver river of stag-using Hertfordshire.

I'm jotting down here that this picture is expected from the proto-Serbs of Servitium. The Gore's and Cole's, who trace excellently to Servitium, use a similar motto term, and Gore's (Salisbury colors), with a "SALIS servire" motto term (never knew until now that they trace definitely to Sorviodunum) trace to Windsors at Berkshire, not far from Salisbury. The Gore crosslets had traced well to the same of Trips and Hamburgs, and while Trips use "a scaling ladder," here's the Bennet Crest: "A gold double scaling ladder." This traces to Skala and Chora on Patmos, and before long I want to talk on the modern Glina tributary of the Colapis (the modern Kupa), because it may have named Julians, a line of Patricians that I think have origin on Patmos.

To set this discussion up for some new revelations, let's re-quote from the last update: "Crassus was succeeded by Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus while the latter's daughter married a son of Crassus...'Creticus' father was Gaius Caecilius Metellus Caprarius." As per Caprarius, there is a Caprarola location, some 10 miles southeast of Viterbo, that should apply. For one reason, there is a Villa Farnese at Caprarola, and then the house of Farnese uses the unicorn, symbol of the Firs/Feuers. PLUS, the Trasher/Tresure Crest uses FERN branches in case this surname traces to Trastevere.

The unicorn is used also by Demonte's while the Stura valley is at Demonte. It just so happens that the Fire/Feuer unicorn is a goat below the mid-section while "capra = goat." That's one viable reason to tentatively trace the Firs/Feuers both to Farnese and to CAPRARola. It recalls the goat-using CABRERa's, first found in the same place as the Drago river, and then here's the goat-using Capra's/CRAVINI, first found in Piedmont, and therefore linkable to the Stura. The Cravini and similar variations suggest the Cravens that were traced to "KRVATI" (SERVITIUM-like term), otherwise known as Croatians that live at what used to be Servitium.

We saw above how multiple red-on-white chevrons traced with the Newport chevron to the Fiora, and then there's the same chevron of CHIMNEYs (Yorkshire again, same as Cravens). Then, hmm, " situated in a range of volcanic hills known as the CIMINI Mounts." As per JIMINY Cricket (a code, I gather), by what coincidence are Crickets/CRITCHets (Oxfordshire) reflecting "Creticus"? It's a term somewhat like "Croat." As I traced Sorbs to mythical Sarpedon of Crete, compare "Creticus to "Crete." There was a goat cult on Crete owned by Zeus and Amalthea. One of Crete's special symbols, the axe, is used in the Zarr/Zehrer Crest, and the Coat uses hatchets.

The Blacks are traced to chimney sweepers, haha, just because chimney sweepers get black, haha, but you understand that this is code for a Black-surname link to Chimneys. The red Black crescents have been linked to the same of Speers and Spree's, from Lusatia's Speer river i.e. home of Sorbs. Blacks were first found in the same place (Lincolnshire) as Crassus'/Grass' and black-boar Bowels' and Bole's...suspect with black-boar Bush's/Buschs. Them the Italian Clements, showing another black boar, show a Chimente variation, a rather strong argument for linking Clements to the Cimini mountains. And as I trace the black boar to Edomite Hebrews, who married Seir, let's repeat that Seir is said to be named after "shaggy," a goat symbol. It was reasoned that Seir is the root of Searobyrig and the Zahringers, and for years I've been keeping to the theory that mythical Satyrs were from Seir...meaning that Seir elements are expected both at the Stour river and the nearby Searobyrig location! That is good.

Just as it's dawning on me that CleMENTS can be in honor of "AMYNTES," I find that the Rimini Clements/Chimenti's may be the reason that "Rimini" appears buried in the motto of Amyntes-suspect Hamonds. I might have chalked it up to coincidence except that Welsh Clements were first found in Brecknoch while Brecks (Brogitarus suspects) share the antelope with Chimneys.

The Zeus goat cult on Crete was more of a horn cult, and it gave the world the cornucopia horn. AMALthea was suspect as the dread Amalekites of Edom.

Bosco's (Farnese colors) use "tufts of GRASS" on top of pillars reflective of the column in the Farnese Coat, wherefore, just like that, it appears that Bosco's trace to Crassus, or at least to the Crassus/GRASS Coat (in Bosco colors). Bosco's are themselves in the colors of the lambs in the Arms of Grasse. Bosco's are excellent here, for they trace to Busca, i.e. near the Stura valley. Bosco's are said to have had PETER Buist as clan chief, more reason still to trace the Pierleoni family to Cuneo. Everything said previously on the Bush's / Walkers, as regards the Pierleoni topic, can apply in a migration to Busca. Bush's happen to use the goat.

I was just at the atlas looking at the Busca theater, when a Barge location was spotted, which recalled the Barge surname in the 2nd update of this month. It just so happens that Barge's are likewise traced to a Petrus/Peter. The square brackets below is what was just added to that 2nd update, in case you missed it:

...Pichers/Pitchers using a solid chevron in colors reversed from the same of Chappes' and Ottone's! Pichers/Pitchers use..."a state barge floating in water in base PROPER." Barge's are also Berghs/Berge's and use the Welsh Bach/Bagh Coat...Pichers/Pitchers were first found in BUCKinghamshire.

[The week after this update was out, a Barge location north of Cuneo was spotted. As I trace "Cheney" tentatively to "Cuneo," note that Cheneys were likewise first found in Buckinghamshire. Cuneo is interior Liguria. Barge is about 25 miles northwest of Fossano, and nearer still to Saluzzo. Barge is roughly due east of Monte Viso (Visconti?) in the Cottian Alps. The Viso-like Vito's/Vitone's, sharing a giant annulet with Burgos', were first found in TreVISO.]

The "state barge" of Pichers evokes the Statielli Ligures.

The find of the Lurco-Pulcher line to the Col-de-LARCHe location, in the same general area as Barge, is so new to me that I haven't had time to add to it, but here I can add that Barks/Berks use LARKs, linkable to lines of Israeli priests for four or more reasons. Note how close "Picher" is to "Pulcher." Bachs had been one of the suspects in a trace to Pek liners, now going through Pesaro (suspect with Pecaro-like terms). Appius Pulcher was adopted by the Livius family that married Quintus Caepio (the younger), and then the Quints share blue fur with Bachs / Pichers. (The Barge stars may be the Bennet stars of Barge's trace to Borgo at Rome.)

The Barker motto includes "cui VIDE." If anyone thought that Barca elements joined the Cottians, of the line of Aurelia Cotta herself, other English Barkers share the gold-on-blue scallops of Aurelia's. Barkers were first found in the same place as Julians, moreover, and it's near Berkshire. The "vide" term is like the Vito surname with Vio variation that can trace to the Viu valley, a tributary of the Riparia, where the Susa capital of royal Cottians was situated. This paragraph actually looks like excellent evidence for a Hannibal link to Julius Caesar's family!

It could therefore be that the white-on-blue Barker lion is that of James', the latter having a branch sharing the dolphin with Caesars. Above the Barker lion, in the Crest, if the green griffin shared by Patents, and then the only other surname I know of that shares a white-and-black lozengy Shield are the Schole's/Scayle's with the Julian cross on the sinister (rare) side. Scottish Patents/Padyns share flames with Julians.

[Important Insert; ignore when you want to follow the flow of the above unobstructed -- The Patent motto term, "culpa," has been traced tentatively to "Colapis," where Julius Caesar ought to trace. Now would be a good time to re-mention the modern Glina tributary (never been treated before) of the Colapis in case it links to Glennys, first found in the same place (Aberdeenshire) as Leslie's who share the green Patent / Barker griffin head. That's a good start for a Glina-Glenny link. Aberdeenshire is also where the Culps/Colps/Cope's were first found who trace well both to "Colapis" and "Kupa."

The Patent motto in full is used by Pulleys/Pullens whom I claimed, recently, to be using a version of the Gard Coat, and then the UNIack variation of Gards was traced to the modern Una, about five miles from the source of the Glina at a CAZIN location. It just so happens that there is a PETRinja location on the Kupa a little downstream from the mouth of the Glina, and then Irish PATTERons have a CASSANE variation while Scottish Pattersons use pelican all over! That's impressive because I think Pattersons were from the Roman Patricians to which Caesar belonged.

It was emailer Patterson who wrote in one morning some years ago, that she had a dream while waking, of a blue lion named "something like "Cappeo." I don't recall any other dream that emailer Patterson shared with me, meaning that this one was considered to be important, and it proved to be so. I had not yet arrived to the Colapis = Kupa river at that time, but soon-after made mention of "Kupa" for the first time for no other reason than my belief that the vision was a key message for special pursuit. I have not known of Petrinja nor the Glina until this week. Here is the first or second email received back in 2011:

...Well, not really a dream as I now believe this was a vision. As I was coming to the land of the living this morning, I saw very clearly in my mind a coat of arms of a blue lion rampant, with a blue crown on a silver shield. The same was in the crest. I saw a fuzzy surname above, and because I was half-conscious at this point, I was able to hold the image in my mind and zoom in on what was written there. It appeared to be the word 'Cappeo', which of course, had no meaning to me. I looked it up on house of names and found nothing there. Out of curiosity, I looked up the translation of it from Latin to English (as I figured it should be Latin), and the word meant "Alpha." (2nd update of May, 2011)

My first mention of the Kupa was in the 4th update of June, 2011 while on the Lesce location of the Sava, where the Leslie's were being traced! I suppose that Patents should trace to the namers of the Petrinja. That location is said to be named after "Peter / stone," but that may be simplistic. In the June update: "This would be a good place to quote: "The {Dobra river}" continues to the northeast, past the Lesce spa {near the Sava} and a hydroelectric plant...and finally flows into the Kupa..." The Kupa will shortly become a major revelation." I had forgotten about this Dobra river, but as I trace Pollocks to Poole and to Dobers / Dobermans, I think Petrinja fits Pollocks too. In fact, the griffin head of Patents and Leslie's is in the design of the ones used by Dobers and Dobermans. The Pullens/Pulleys use the same bend as Dobers!

I had forgotten part of emailer Patterson's quote above, where there was a blue lion in both the Coat and Crest. A blue lion was just seen in the Barker Crest, with white-on-blue lions in the Coat of the same Barkers. Dudleys use a blue lion in the Crest of their Arms and a blue-on-gold lion in their houseofnames Coat.

I quickly assessed the blue lion in the vision as the Caiaphas-line lion, and, much later, came across the Caepio's. After that, I learned that a Servilia Caepio had an affair with Julius Caesar, and was able to make a confident but tentative guess that Caiaphas was born from that couple's descendant. Gards share footless martlets with both Glenn Coats, in black, the colors of the Joseph martlets, important because the birth of Joseph Caiaphas is suspect: 1) from Pulchers; 3) from Julius Caesar; 3) from a Kupa line; 4) from the potent entity.

Plus, the Pullens/Pulleys had been traced to Poole's that share the Barker / James lion, and moreover Pulleys have a pelican that can now link Julians to a Pulcher if indeed Julians trace to Glennys. In fact, I'm suggesting that Glennys were a branch of Julians.

Below is a map of the Kupa area showing a Colapiani peoples right about at the location of the Glina river. To the near east of the Colapiani, the SARDeates (Sardinian stock?) may have been the proto-Gards. Roosters/chickens are "galena/gallina" to Italians, a term like "Glina." This can now trace the namers of Glina to the Gallura location of Sardinia, and thus make for a Sardinian trace to the Sardeates smack beside/in the Glina theater. The Breuci upon this map are placed on another map significantly further upstream on the Sava, and therefore closer to the Kupa, important because Bruce's use a blue-on-white lion. Note that Hallands/Hallams, in the same place as blue-lion Bruce's, use a blue-on-white lion with drops, the Patterson symbol, possibly indicating Trypillians, for I now trace Cass' and Kiss' both to Sardinia and to the Moldova capital.

It just so happens that Dutch Hallands are the one sharing three red chevrons with Cassans, both using stars at the tips of their chevrons (I don't know of anyone else doing so). The Halland stars are in the colors of the Zionist stars of the Modena Cassans. Reminder: the BLUE Cassan-Crest dove traces to Cuppae, city of doves. The Sodhans to which Pattersons/Cassane's are traced were suspect with Sodans/Sowdons because they have scallops in colors reversed from the Patterson scallops. This is repeated because the Sodans/Sowdons (stars in Julian-star colors) share the blue fesse with two Cassan surnames.

Knowing now that Pollocks are involved along with Pattersons/Cassane's, let's repeat that Maxwells (a main stock from which Pollocks originated) were traced to Rijeka, not far from the Kupa. Maxwells/Makeswells fit well into this picture because they are honored by the "make" motto term of KilPATRicks, and then both share a black-on-white saltire with Julians, albeit the Julian saltire is different. The double-headed Maxwell eagle, shared in black by Belows/Belloe's, is expected to be the Roman eagle. Belows/Belloe's were first found in Pomerania, as with Dobermans, and beside Maxwell-suspect Mechlenburg. These "coincidence" tend to trace Cassans to the namers of Cazin. The Hampshire Cassans have a Casin variation listed, and the latter term is listed with French Caseys/Cazals, showing nothing but leaves (called "laurel branches") and first found in the same place as Levi's.

The white-on-blue scallops of Pattersons are now suspect with the Aurelia / Barker scallops, and with the Aurelio location at Rome. Pattersons and Kilpatricks share the black lion, and the Cassane's / Cassans are expected in the Kilpatrick "cushions."

This insert is being written after the section on the Belows later on, where they are traced to the Modena (also "Mutina") suspects, the Motleys. This is repeated here because the gold Below eagle is the one of Motleys too who look like they could be using the Barker lions. Motleys are discovered as part of the Appius-Pulcher line not far below.

The other Below surname share's a fretty Shield with Modens/Modeys and Cotta's, and it's in the colors of the Taff fretty, which traces well to the Taphians on the eagle-suspect Akheloos river (Greek-Calydon theater), where I trace eagle-using Hagels, perhaps indicating that the Roman eagle traces to something on the Akheloos, home of mythical Sirens (code for pirates) that I trace to Sirons/Sire's/Sirets sharing symbols with the Arms of Vilnius, where I trace the weight balance's of Cass' and Kiss'/CUSH's (like the Kilpatrick "cushion"). In fact, the same leaf design of Casins/Caseys/Cazels is in the Crest of English Hagels. Calydon was closely related with Elis, and then the eel-using Skiptons, tracing to a major Roman line that preceded Caesar, use so-called bellows. Skiptons, Elis', Hallands/Hallams, Hulls, Belows and Maxwells were all first found in Yorkshire, and Hulls were of Yorkshire's Kingston area while Kings and Kingstons share the gold-on-black lion of German Hagels. I therefore think that these links are made correctly, especially in light of what yet follows.

There is a question here as to whether Pillows, listed with Pilotte's, are a branch of Belows / Bellows, and whether they are connectable to the Kilpatrick cushions. In fact, Pellows are listed with the fretty-using Belows. Another Pellow/Pellue surname shares a blue-on-white saltire with the York surname ("cupias" motto term), in Colp/Cope colors. Pellows/Pelue's were even first found in Taphian-suspect Dauphine (same general area as Pilate's), which happens to be the location of Mont Pilat, location of a Perdrix location tracing to Perthshire, where the mother of Pontius Pilate has been said to live, as a Pict. The Picts had a branch of CALEDonians.

The Gullys, sharing the Julian cross in both colors, happen to be using the chevron and format of PATERnosters (Patrick saltires instead of the Julian crosses), a good reason to trace to the Glina and to Petrinja. Gullys even share the "sine" motto term with Petersons using a cross in the colors of the Patrick saltires, thus assuring that Petersons were a Paternoster branch.

Entering "Galin" brought up the Malcolms/Callams (suspect with "Hallam") sharing the same saltire as Yorks! That is excellent, not just because Yorks were linked to Hallams and Malcolms almost as soon as emailer Patterson's vision came to my readers, but because Malcolms also come up as "Colomb," very suspect with dove-associated Saint Columba (part of the Chad circle), which can then better trace dove-using Cassans to Cazin. In fact, Cassans and Galins/Malcolms both use a white tower in Crest! Ditto for Gards now tracing to Sardeates near/at the Glina.

Royal SCOTs are now tracing way back to Cuppae (not the first time). As Chads trace between SKITs and the DunCHAD line to royal Scots, wait to see a Scit-using location near the Urbanus. Moreover, you'll soon see why this discussion can go to lake Scodra, near Koplik. The latter is between Scodra and the KOSovo border, which may link the bendy Shield of Gallina's/Galati's/Gallero's (Galin/Malcolm colors) to the Kos/KOSINski bendy, not forgetting that Cassans had linked not-bad to Kosinski's. Beside's, proto-Merovingians out of Kos had traced well to the Clausula river, location of Koplik. As the Gallina/Galati/Gallero surname (Milan) is in Ottone colors while Ottone Visconti ruled Milan, the surname is very traceable to Gallura on Sardinia.

In the Crest of the Below/Pellow surname there is a jug pouring water, the symbol in the Arms of Rijeka, where the two-headed Maxwell eagle stands on a rock (pouring out the water) as code for "Rijeka/Reka." Waters happen to share the three chevrons of Cassans in both colors, suggesting that the Arms of Rijeka were fashioned by English speakers. The scallop-using Barkers have "A gold falcon on a silver rock."

The Christians who use the grails of Pillows/Pilotte's, Pellets and Shaws, are suspect with Benedictus Christianus, and were first found on the Isle of Man, where Glenny-related Mens' trace, and then the Glennys use a "bonnie" term in their description while Bonnie's/Bonnets had linked to Bennets = Benedicts. The bonnie term is attached to the Glenny "pennon," a term like "Bennet," and then the Pennons use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Mens' and Glenns in colors reversed. Here's the Glenny description: " A silver shield with three black martlets beaked and legged red; a red chief on which there is a silver claymore (sword) and a black pennon with a staff inscribed 'bonnie' crossed in saltire." Beaks are suspect with the Humber Coat, especially as the Humber is from the Yorkshire theater and into the Lincolnshire theater, where Pillows/Pilotte's were first found.

The Glenns share a gold-on-red patee cross with Scottish Bennets, and Yorks were first found in Wiltshire, location of one Avon river (i.e. where Bennets traced hard). English Bennets (share a singe besant with Yorks) are the ones with the "servir" motto term that traced to SEARobyrig (in Wiltshire), suspect with Sirens as a Seir line. The Searobyrig entity had traced to Zahringers (gave their red eagle to Hohens) of Baden-Wurttemberg, and Wurttemberg is where German Hagels were first found (the Hagel Coat traces to the Arms of Kyburg, near the first Hohens in Swabia). However, when discovering Sorviodunum/Sorbiodunum, it was insisted that the term should trace to Servitium near the Una and Kupa rivers. Here's what was said earlier while on the Gore/CORE trace to Sorviodunum: "The Gore crosslets had traced well to the same of Trips and Hamburgs, and while Trips use "a scaling ladder," here's the Bennet Crest: "A gold double scaling ladder." This traces to Skala and CHORA on Patmos, and before long I want to talk on the modern Glina tributary of the Colapis (the modern Kupa), because it may have named Julians, a line of Patricians that I think have origin on Patmos." By what coincidence are Bennet-related Bonnie's/Bonnets now linking to Glina-suspect Glenn liners? The chief of the Glenn clan is said to have been COLban while Colbans are listed with Cobbhams that list "Copon." Colbans/Cobbhams share a chevron in the colors of the same of Glenns with the Bennet patee.

The Gravesham location of Colbans/Cobbhams can be for the Graves' sharing the Luton eagle while Luton is in Bedfordshire, where Bonnie's/Bonnets were first found. The Bonnie/Bonnet bend-with-fleur is in the colors of the Urban bend-with-stars while Servitium is between the mouth of the Una and Urbanus.

On the map at the Servitium link (above), Petrinja is roughly at Segestica, which may relate to the Segusio capital of the Cottians. Spanish Urbans happen to use stars in the colors of the Gore / Julian stars. Gore's share the same cross (different colors) with Julians while French Gore's share the French-Julian stars (there is a small village of Gora beside Petrinja). Urbans use Zionist stars in colors reversed from the same of Cassans, making a potential link between Urbanus-river peoples and Cazin.

Cravens of Yorkshire trace to Croatia, location also of Gorski Kotar (SEVERin county): "To the north, the Kupa River is the border between Gorski Kotar and Slovenia's White Carniola region." That locates Gorski to the south of the Kupa, where the Glina is located too, albeit further east than Gorski Kotar, which itself seems to have an eastern limit roughly at the Dobra river. "The first known inhabitants of the Gorski Kotar was the Illyrian tribe of the Iapodes, who lived in the area from the 9th century BC on." That dates to the founding of Rome, perfect for tracing Jupiter to "Japode." And one can now assume that Bonnie's/Bennets are from the Jabesh-related Benjamites that founded Romans from this very area under discussion.

The Jabesh-Benjamin merger is expected in a line from Israel's Rimmon to Trip-related Trypillians of the Rimna area, smack at the Cotesii theater i.e. the ones who trace to Aurelia Cotta / Cottians. The Roxolani of that Rimna area trace through the Rijeka rock to Roxburghshire, where Scottish Maxwells were first found. English Dobers (Yorkshire) have TREFoils in Trip/TREFF colors, and the latter were first found not far from Pomerania, where Dobermans were first found. (I have just learned that the Trips/Treffs no longer show boots, but are now showing shoes, though the description at Swyrich still says, "Red shield with three gold boots." The Shoe's/Shuchs ("knight" and "knee" codes) are showing two feathers in Crest while Sage's/Sagars show three feathers in Crest.

As further evidence that Julians may have been named by the ancient Glina, Glennys use claymore swords while Clays share six pale bars (in the colors of the Saxony bars) half in the colors of the same of German Julians (Saxony). The bars are in Jell/Gell colors, a surname suspect with heraldic "jelloped," which is defined as a rooster's comb in a color different from the body. Jells/Gells are thereby suspect with Israel's GAULONites, a term like "Glenn." Julians from Gaulonites? English Glenns use a heart that's linkable to Julian-related Douglas', the latter thought to honor the James' in their motto.

The rooster was traced from that of Kopple's and Aikens to Goplo of Poland, origin of Mieszko. The Arms of Carlovac County (Kupa river) are suspect with the bent arm in German Mieske's. The Carlovac star could be in use in the Urban Coat. "Kupa" is like "Koppel," which was traced way south to KOPLik/Cupionich, but just a couple of miles from Dober, important because the Dobra river flows to the edge of Carlovac!!! That is excellent for tracing Caepio's between Cupionich and the Kupa. Then, here's from the 4th update of October, 2011:

NOW WOW, the Copelands use the Washington Shield, and Washingtons were traced solidly in the last update to Goplo, and "Cope" certainly smacks of "Goplo." ZOWIE MORE, for it was shown for the first time in the last update that the GolPIANI founders of Goplo had derived from the ColaPIANI of Illyrium!!!!!!!!!! Count'em. Nine. We have just traced the Paines and Payens to the Colapiani > Golpiani line from Jupiter and Juno, the latter duo being the roots of the Duffs and Yonges respectively (see last update for details on that).

That's why I think the bent arm in the Arms of Carlovac County links to Mieske's. Then, there is a Fuzine location in Gorski Kotar smacking of bent-leg Fussen (in the Hohen theater, important because this Arms of Carlovac (the city) use the Hohen checks. Then, while Prime's use the bent human leg, Gorski Kotor was merged with PRIMorje. The Arms of Carlovac County even use a solid blue-on-white chevron, which, no matter who uses one, is always kept in mind for linkage to the Chappes chevron. Hugh de Payens married a Chappes. As ProFETTS use the bent human leg, what about "FOETes, the alternative name of Fussen? Yet, Wikipedia's article on Fuzine traces the term to the local word for metal workers. Fuzine is near Glina while Glennys and Profetts were both first found in Aberdeenshire.

But wait, for salaMANDERs-in-flames are said to be the symbol of metal workers, and the bent human leg is in the Arms of the Isle of Man, where Manders trace along with Mens/Manners/Mengzes. This can trace the Manders to Glina liners as per the Mens-related Glenn liners, but English Julians happen to use a salamander-in-flames. Therefore, the metal smith symbol of this creature looks to trace, not to metal workers, but to Fuzine liners merely thought to be named after metal workers.

Fuzine is traced in its write-up to Zrinski's, suspect with Zahringers. If correct, these elements may have been at Salisbury. The Arms of the House of Zrinski are using part if the Carlovac symbols, namely the tower topped with two Zionist stars. Zrinski's were from Subics (Dalmatia) that claimed to be from Hungarians, and then the Sobeks share the buckle with Hungarian-based Leslie's. The Carlovac bars are thereby suspect in the Arms of Hungary, beginning with Carolingians of Crispin's Lorraine, then into Carlovac and Hungary.

Scottish Carls (pomegranates) were first found in Perthshire (beside Aberdeenshire, where Colps/Cope's were first found), but as Crispins/Crepons (from Pharisee-suspect Parez) likewise use pomegranate's, the red-and-white horizontal bars in the Arms of Carlovac County must be the Crispin bars. That traces this discussion to Lorraine, home of Richeza, wife of Mieszko II, and it tends to prove an aging claim, that Rich's/Richess' trace to Richeza, and she to Rijeka/Reka. Not likely by coincidence, Rich's/Richess' are sharing the Colban/COPON / Glenn chevron (colors reversed to the Quint chevron), and then throw in a "Garde" motto term. Ricks/Richess' are traced in their write-up to Riche in Lorraine. It was not many updates ago when Gards were suspect as Valerius-GRATus elements at Sardinia, and then COPOnius was the Judean governor shortly before Gratus, himself preceding Pontius Pilate. We should like to know whether these Judean elements were in the Sava theater before or after Jesus.

There are two Lafoy/Foy/Foix surnames that should be in play with the "Garde la foy" motto of Ricks/Richess', one of them using Pilate-suspect pellets, and the other first found in Paris, probably named by the same of Parez in Lorraine. The one Lafoy/Foix Coat uses a bend in the colors of the same of Gard- and Pulcher-suspect Pulleys/Pullens. Rich's/Richess' were first found in the same place as Cassans now tracing to Cazin i.e. smack beside/at the Sardeates theater. Fuzine's can trace to Fabers and therefore to Fabians. Italian Fabians use nothing but the lozengy Shield of Cocks, the latter suspected with links to the rooster of northern Sardinia (Gallura). Fusils/Fuss' use nothing but lozenges.

The Ricks (Bath colors) happen to use a version of the Craven Coat for evidence that Ricks too, trace to Croatia. The Bidens/BUTTONs (Hampshire) play into this where they are traced to Bath and Somerset, where Ricks were first found. Ricks must therefore be a branch of Rich's/Richess' with a BOTTONy cross. Baths (Somerset) are suspect with Badens/Battins (Somerset), and as such this picture can trace to Zahringers of Biden-like Baden.

The Avis'/Avisons trace by their garbs to the Hampshire Josephs, but while Avis' are suspect in the "Avise LA FIN" motto of Cassels, the LaFoys might just be a branch of Lafins/La Fonts, who happened to be traced to Cass' / Kiss' and to Piscinas of Sardinia. That line of argumentation links Avisons to "Avezzano," and tends to reinforce the Cassel-Cassan-Cass link. The Avis Crest share a black anchor with German Fabers. Italian Fabers use the fesse of German Cassans (same lozenge colors as Fabians) in colors reversed, and were first found in the Modena (i.e. same as Italian Cassans). Lozenges trace to Losinj in Prime-suspect Primorje-Gorski Kotar.

Wrights, said to be from Fabers (looks right), look linkable to Levi-related Aide's. Let's not forget that we are still relating to Fuzine lines here, suspect with Fussen and therefore with the Isle of Man, where Christians were first found suspect with the Chretiens in the Levi motto.

German Gilans/Gillelands (checks half in the colors of the Carlovac Arms) are using a bend arm holding a grail, and could be a colors-reversed version of the bent arm in the Arms of Carlovac. "Bent" is my personal term, but may have been a secret code for Benjamin liners. The trace of the Pillow/Pilotte and Pellet grails to the Glina river anticipates a trace to the Cybele goddess at Brogitarus' family. But as a minor point, I trace Pilate's to Pylos at Messene, and expect Messene elements at the Maezaei. The Maezaei are stamped at BISTue, suspect with "Piast," but as the Mieszko Piasts are now tracing to the Arms of Karlovac, I would expect Maezaei in Karlovac.

Irish Gilans are the ones using the fleur-de-lys of Julian-suspect Gellone's/Gillians.

I didn't realize until now that Seagars / Sawyers, whom have been traced to the Sava for some years, should trace to the Sava's ZAGReb location, which is in Seagar / Sawyer colors. Both surnames were first found in the same place as Benjamins, and then Zagreb is across the Sava from the Japodes! It's where the Breuci are stamped on one map, upstream from the mouth of the Kupa. This great link to Seagars may mean that Zagreb was named from the Sakarya river, which makes the Breuci potentially related to the naming of Brogitarus, even as Bruce liners were expected with him. The Sage's/Sagars (Pomerania, same as Dobermans!), who share checks with Carlovac and other Croatian locations, may even trace to SEGEstica. Why SegeSTICA?

BEHOLD! As Caiaphas' ancestry is tracing to the Kupa theater, it's well taken that Zagreb can be from the Sakarya, home of Brogitarus' Cybele cult. As Brocks and Brocuffs are using codes for Skits and Skeets', see this: "The oldest settlement in the urban area of Zagreb was a Roman town of Andautonia, now SCITarjevo, which dates back to the 1st century AD." This can help prove that Brocks and Brocuffs trace to Brogitarus elements at the Zagreb theater.

I'd like to know what Trips/Treffs call their shoes, for the Schuch and similar variations of Shoe's are like the Skeoch variation of Skits. As Shoe's/Schuchs use a version of the Beng/Bink Coat, it's a good reason to trace Shoe's to the Pincum > Panico line, where I always include Skits and the like. The Beng motto could be honoring Dober liners. The This is a good place to mention that the Patents, in using the Schole/Scayle Shield, can trace to the Scolati, what the SCYTHians (i.e. suspect with Scit terms) called themselves. It's important because Skits and Skeets' use the potent cross while no Potent surname comes up. Patents and Putents are listed, however. On the right of the map below, the Selettae (Black-sea coast) are stamped near ASTICA, itself in the land of the Thyni suspect with Tinia, husband of Uni (chief Etruscan deities). The star in the Shoe/Schuch Coat is somewhat suspect with the Cassan stars because both surnames use a tower topped with an object.

Italian Carlo's (Ferrara lion?) were first found in Milan, where Ottone Visconti (should be from rooster-using Visconti's) kicked off Visconti rule there, while Ottone's are suspect with the Chappes chevron.

French Carlo's must trace to the Glina and Kupa together by sharing the Colban/Copon and Glenn chevron, and as Glenns (trace to Aberdeenshire's Glenylon found in the Mens write-up) share the martlets with Carlo's, Carlovac is thus proven to be of the CAROLingians (founded by martlet-depicted Martels). Carols use the lion of Akheloos-suspect Hagels. Again, Why SegeSTICA? There is an Astakos off the Akheloos, but also an Astacus near Prusa (Mysia) while Brocuffs come up as "Prusa."

The Mens' were of CULdares near the early Colps/Cope's, though CULDares is suspect with the Celts/Cults/Colts of Perthshire, whose stag the Galins/Malcolms are likely using. The Galts/Galls/Gaws ("PATENTia vincit" motto!) are suspect with these lines, for they were first found in Perthshire (location of Culdares). The Gaw variation and the "vincit" term make them suspect with "Shaw," for Shaws were first found in Perthshire too. The Hagars of Perthshire were traced to the Agarus river, now the Siret (Moldova), location of Galati. IN FACT, the upright bear of Galts/Gaws is used (different design) by Trotts suspect with the Trotus tributary of the Siret! The chevron of German Trotts has checks in Carlovac-check colors! (See also the chevron of Surreys/Surichs (Zahringers?) that trace to Zurich at Kyburg.)

The Siret was probably a part of Scythia at one time, land of Royal Scythians = Scolati, and then the Patents use the Schole Shield!!! The "Patentia" motto term of Galts/Gaws thus traces the surname to Galati liners with little doubt, and meanwhile corroborates the Schole trace to "Scolati." Excellent key. "Vincit" traces to Vinkovci off the lower Sava. This is a good way to trace Shawia Numidians to the naming of the Sava.

German Gaws/Gallus' (Joseph-bird colors) not only use a bendy Shield half in Kos-bendy colors, but a rooster (jelloped) in the colors of the Kopple rooster! The Mens, English Sage's ("old men's heads wearing black close caps") and Grave's all use a man's head with white hair and beard. A secondary interpretation of "ZaGREB" is with Garebites in mind. "Grave" is an apt term for tracing to Garebites. This can trace Sage's to SEGEstica. Poppo of GRABfeld should have been a Pepin, while Pepins and Poppins honor the Mens'. Jells/Gells are suspect with the bend of Gripps/Grabbers/Cravers. Pepin of Landen was the ancestor of Charles Martel, and Pepins (suspect from Paphlagonians) are being viewed as a Gamala-to-Camulodunum line through Brogitarus' Galatians in the land of the Paphlagonians. These GALATians were suspect from Galati near Rimni.

The Carlovac arm holds a sword, all in the colors of the Masci wing holding a sword in the Chaine/Chenay/CHESNey Coat, but that surname is traced to "Cassanus," now suspect with the namers of Cazin at the Glina. The Maezaei are stamped near the Glina. There is a good argument here for tracing "MAEZaei" (Urbanus river) to Cilnius MAECenas, and to Massena of Numidia, for Italian Cassans (Zionist stars in colors reversed from the same of Urbans and Massena) were first found where I expect the ancestry of Maecenas. Whew, what a great insert (for my purposes). End insert]

French Barge's were first found in Champagne, and then the Arms of Champagne (same bend as Pulley bend) have a fancy design within the bend, a rare feature but possibly mimicked in the bend of Avezzano's tentatively suspect with the naming of APPIUS Pulcher. The Aves'/Avisons use the Joseph garbs, but a same-colored garb is in the Lark Crest.

Irish Barge's are listed with Burgess, and said to derive in "Brugha," interesting for tracing to Brogitarus of Pessinus, for he was the one that was made the priest of Cybele by Publius Pulcher, thought by historians to be the son of Servilia Caepionis, daughter of Quintus Caepio the elder. The besants in the Irish Barge/Burgess Shield can suggest the Bassus family that descended from Brogitarus, and that came out of Hasmonean-suspect Akmonia. This becomes important at the besant-covered camel head in the Barge/Burgess Crest, for Hasmoneans had conquered Gamala in about 100 BC, about the time of Brogitarus. At that time, Maccabee royals were prostituting themselves with all sorts of Gentile powers for to create a wider kingdom, and I think they got to Brogitarus' family.

I am becoming fast-convinced that John de Burgo, patriarch of VisCONTI-suspect Conteville's, was from the namers of Barge. The "state barge" suggests the State's using red lozenges (why four?) in half the colors of the Barge lozenges, and in the colors of the same of rooster-using Cocks and Cochs (= Ligurian suspects, linkable to the Statielli Ligures). The rooster-using Visconti's of Sardinia have become suspect from Gamala's Gaulonites. The Conteville's birthed Hugh D'AVRANces, suspect with AVARAN Maccabee, brother of Jonathan Maccabee, himself suspect as the ancestry of the Maccabee king who conquered Gamala. A third brother, Simon, is known to be the patriarch of the line that merged with the Brogitarus line at Julius Quadratus Bassus (husband of Julia Iotapa, daughter of Julius Alexander Maccabee).

The red mascles of Irish Barge's/Burgess' are red, the colors of the lozenges used by Thomas Randolph of Moray. The latter's lozenges are in both colors of the Barge/Burgess lozengy, and then Thomas Randolph has been thought to be a son of Adam Kilconquhar, son of Mrs. Comyn, herself possibly from some Conteville / Joseph / Avison element.

As Josephs use a "mago" motto term, which is the name of Hannibal's brother, it could look like Barge was named after the Barca surname of Hannibal and Mago, who preceded Brogitarus by about a century. I have no good sense on a Barca line to Brogitarus from the namers of Barge. The "charo" motto term of the same Josephs traces to the Charo/Chiaro surname that must have named Chieri, only about 25 miles northeast of Barge. The theory had been that Caiaphas and/or Annas had to be born from a line of Hannibal, or a line from his Numidian supporters as they drew alliances from Ligurians when warring against general Scipio of the Romans.

The Brocks are traced to granted lands in Colchester in 1119, which, if I'm guessing correctly, was during the time that the son(s) of Eustace II were on the throne of Jerusalem. Later, Fulk V of Anjou would be the Jerusalem king, and it just so happens that Brocks are said to be from Broc in Anjou. Brocks use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Prokopps/Brocuffs, and the latter must be using the potent cross of Skits and Skeets' because Brocks use a "VireSCIT" motto term. Therefore, what was the royal-Jerusalem significance of / connection to Brocks? Brogitarus liners? The Shield-and-Chief color combination of Brocks and Brocuffs is used by Sheds too, meaning, I am quite sure, that the line of Seth, Annas' father, went to the Brocks. For lack of any better theory, and because there is logic in it, Seth's ancestry was part of the line to the naming of Sadducees, a term like "Sithech."

Annas' father (Syria) can trace to the Seth surname listed with Shaws. I don't know that anything is known about Seth today, but, at the time, one would imagine that Seth was important in some way for his son to become the chief-priest of Augustus' Israel. Two Shaw surnames list "Seth," both tracing to "Sithech," and showing a Guille-SheathANAICH variation that looks very Annas-interesting. Scottish Seths/Shaws/Sheathanaichs (said to descend from Duff earls of Fife) had their "Rothiemurchus" lands "leased" by "Clans Commyns (Cummings)." It looks like the Barge > Comyn line was at the Shaws.

Irish Seths/Shaws use a chevron and format in the colors of the Barge-suspect Larks (the footless martlets of Larks are called, larks). The Irish-Shaw write-up tells what the Scottish write-up doesn't, that the surname was at MUThill (Perthshire). A term like that can derive in the Motels of Mottola in Taranto, which had linked to Caiaphas-suspect Coffeys/Coffers, and then Irish MacDuffie's are also "Cuffie." That works. Recalling that the Coffey/Coffer motto was code for Profits/ProFETTs, let's add that the Shaw and Lark chevrons are in the colors of the Foot and Fothes/Fette chevrons (not to mention the Levi chevron). The Profits had traced to the Arms of the Isle of Man, and so Mr. Maccus of that place is suspect with any Motel line.

The write-up of MacDuffie's says that their Irish name was DubhSHITHE (ignore the given definition unless it's code), what a sethincidence. They also trace to "Dubh-Sidh = black faery" haha, but this is code for the Side's/Sudys and related Suty's to which the "soot" term in the Black write-up was traced. One can figure on the Very/Fairy surname applying to Shaw ancestry too, explaining why English Verys (Norfolk) use the Side/Sudy lion (Levi lion?) in both colors. Verys are in Vere colors while Vere's were from Manche, linkable to the Manx people on the Isle of Man. The Shield-and-Chief color combination of the Verys is that also of Annas' (ignore their write-up), the latter having a giant lone star in the colors of the lone Vere star. And that's a great way to trace Annas of Israel to Shaws/Seths.

I'll bet that the Skeets, first found in the same place as Verys, were Seth liners. The Skits/Skeets (use the Skeets Coat) and Sheds were first found in Ayrshire, named by the Ayers / Eyers = fundamental Shaw kin. The Skeoch variation of Skits may be a drastic variation of "Sithech."

Suty's (share a Seaton motto term) were even first found in Perthshire, and use the lion of MacDuffie's. Side's/Sudys were even first found in Fife, and said to be from earls of Fife, but as they are an obvious branch of Seatons/Sittens, the "Dubh-Sidh = black faery" is mere code, not a term to which "Side" traces. It looks true that Shaws descent from Duffs of Fife, but we even know more than that now. The Suty lion is said to have two tails, and can therefore be the same-colored Wells lion, which recalls that Wells were a branch of Vaux/Vallibus, first found in the same place as Seatons.

Side's were traced to modern Sezze near the west coast of Italy, which was anciently a Setia. It's Arms shares the cornucopia with Fothes'/Fette's. Sezze is about 20 miles from Fondi, where Lurco is known to be from. Lurco's daughter, with Pulcher, gave birth to a wife of emperor Augustus, and the latter appointed Annas as the high priest (if I recall correctly). Does "Sezze" smack of "Seth"? Do Side's smack of "Seth"? It could look as though Seth or Annas was related to / associated with Lurco and/or Pulcher. It could be something like Lurco's parent or wife being from Setia.

It just so happens that the Side's/Sudy use the tiger design of Medleys while "Muth" was just entered seeking Muthill liners, to find the Methleys sharing the black, pierced stars of Medleys (it's the latter's bars that are said to be "gemel"). METHLey and MEDLey are both capable of forming "Muthill." And then there are the Motleys/Medleycotts/Modleys whom, I have just realized, share the red mural crown of both Lurch's/Larchers and Archers! The Arc river, location of Modane, we get it. The Lurco line must have named the Arc, but if it was named by Archelaus', then let's repeat that Glaphyra Archelaus was of a religious cult in the area of Qewe. Who named the Archelaus'?

Glaphyra was mother to the Maccabee line of tiger-suspect Tigranes V and VI, but, they say, they don't know the mother of Tigranes V at about the birth of Caiaphas or Caiaphas' child.

The "QUIEtem" motto term of Motleys is like the "qui" of English Shaws, and suspect with Qewe. Archers use "quae."

English Motleys (show no Coat), first found in the same place (Yorkshire) as Muths/Methleys, are said to be from Motley Hill in Rainham of Kent, a good place to expect Muthill's namers. Kent is where Time's/Timms were first found that may be honored in the "quieTEM" term of Welsh Motleys (Shropshire). Muths/Methleys are likely using the Humber bars because the Humber river flows from their Leeds / Yorkshire theater. Were Modi'in elements in Umbria?

The fact that the Irish Shaw Coat looks like a trefoil copy of the quatrefoil-using Ayer Coat can trace "Shaw" to "Qewe," especially if Quadratilla of Cilicia ruled at Qewe. The latter location is the Cilicia-Syria border so that Annas' father may have been involved there. One of the Archer variations, Arshire, looks fashioned after "Ayrshire," though I'm not tracing the origin of Archers to the Ayers. The Arms of Ayrshire use a "shaw" motto term and use the Annandale Coat but with a gold Shield. Note the arrow with swan in the Crest of Gemels, first found in Ayrshire, for the Suty tiger has an arrow. It looks like Maccabees from Gamala were in Ayrshire, for the Gemel write-up says that "Gamel was a fairly popular personal name in Scotland, particularly in Ayrshire." The Gemel swan is "pierced" by an arrow, reflecting the pierced Medley stars.

There were no goats in that Shaw discussion. The Chimneys honored in the Black write-up are now linkable to the Sutys that just traced well to Shaw ancestry, and so it behooves one to consider a trace of Shaws to the Cimini area of Caprarola. This idea hearkens back to the goat-depicted Boofima cult of Africa, which I traced to Shawia Numidians. The ending on Caprarola is like the one on Pinerola, a location not far north of Barge. Perhaps the pine cones of German Tanners are evidence that Tanaro-river elements had merged with both Cone / Conte liners (out of the Barge family) and with Pinerola elements. Tanaro elements would include Montferrat, the entity married by the Guido Guerra's, and so note this: "GUIDI, Guido Guerra (Guido di Dovadola). - Son of Count Marcovaldo and Beatrice Alberti of CAPRAia [caps mine], was born around 1220...his maternal grandfather, Count Rodolfo fact he took sides with the forces in the defense of the Florentine Guelph Faenza." The Guido Coat is likely in use by Skits and Skeets', the latter suspect as Germanic variations (use of "sch" for 's') of "Side" of similar variations. If Scythians weren't Germanics, they may have been called, Sithians. I'm not trying to confuse anyone; I think Sadducees may have been from the Royal Scythians.

The Shed description: "A hermit couped BELOW the shoulders". I haven't been able to find a better surname to fit "shoulder" aside from Shultz's, who work because the Motel pegasus has a bent "armored arm" in its mouth, the symbol of Shultz's (though not described in those terms), and then Belows (Yorkshire) share a Shield filled with fretty with Modens/Modeys, as well as another bent arm. It can actually be gleaned, although I've missed it for years until now, that "Shultz" is a version of "Shed." Or, to put it another way, Shultz's, in Schole colors, were from "Scolati." The Shoe's/Schuc's have a man in armor, and then Trips are now using shoes for a trace of Shoe's to Trypillians living in the same area as Royal Scythians. The Shoe's have two feathers in Crest in the colors of the Traby and Caen feathers, and then the Caen fretty in the same colors of that of Caves' (both on blue Shields like the Moden/Modey fretty) while the Shultz quarters are in colors reversed to the Chives quarters. Caens (Poole colors) were first found in the same place (Dorset) as the Poole location that should trace to "Apulia," where Motels were from.

Chimneys were first found in the same place as Muths/Methleys, Motleys, potent-using Scheds/Sheds...and Hortons, and then Marcus Licinius Crassus was succeeded by both Creticus and Quintus HORTENsius Hortalus. Crassus (c. 115 BC - 53 BC) was a Roman general, and appointed the governor of Syria, in the lifetime of Seth. In those years, the rulers of Syria had oversight over Israel affairs. "Crassus" sure smacks of "Gratus," the surname of the Judean governor that replaced Annas with Caiaphas in the Sanhedrin.

Horts/Hurts (share the stag with Hortons and several Hannibal-line suspects) were first found in the same place as Cimini-suspect Crickets (share red crescents with Pine's and Chimney-related Blacks). Recalling that Caprarius went to Numantia, beside Soria, by what coincidence do Sorensons use a giant cinquefoil in colors reversed to the Hort cinquefoils? While Caprarius "served under Scipio Aemilianus in Numantia", Skiptons were likewise first found in Yorkshire.

The Hort cinquefoils are even found in the Coat of Soria-like Sarahs/Sayers. If that's not enough, the Hort-Crest stag is identical with the Crest of Eustace's, the latter using the Irish Burgh cross that can trace well to Barge because the family of Eustace II traced well to the Bautica/Baldea river. The Hort stag is "wounded by an arrow." Eustace's even use a PERSEqueris" motto term while Perse's are listed with Piers/Pierce's.

We have more excellent reasons here to trace Templars to a line of Caiaphas out of the Pierleoni circle, especially if Eustace's are from de-Bouillon's father. Eustace lived at Boulogne, in Artois, and then the Arrow surname is listed with the Artois surname (in case the Hort arrow traces to the Artois'). And lookie here at Hortensius:

In 56 [BC], Hortensius admired Cato the Younger "so much that he wanted them to be kinsmen, not merely friends," and proposed to marry Cato's daughter, Porcia Catonis, who was only about 20 years old at the time...Instead, Cato offered his own wife, Marcia [wickedness]...

In 50, the year of his death, [Hortensius] successfully defended Appius Claudius Pulcher when accused of treason and corrupt practices...

Appius Pulcher has already been traced to Rothschilds. This particular Pulcher was adopted by the Laevi-suspect family of Livia Drusa, mother of Cato the Younger above. In fact, Pulcher was adopted by the Marcus Drusus in the following quote, and thereby re-named, Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus: "Cato was born in 95 BC in Rome, the son of Marcus Porcius Cato and his wife Livia Drusa. His parents died when he was young, and he was cared for by his maternal uncle Marcus Livius Drusus, who also looked after Quintus Servilius Caepio [son of the Quintus Caepio had stole the treasure], Servilia Caepionis Maior [Julius Caesar's mistress] and Servilia Caepionis Minor from Livia's first marriage (though Quintus Servilius Caepio was generally known to be Cato's full brother), as well as Porcia (Cato's full sister), and Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus (Livius' adopted son)."

I've never seen this quote before. It shows up in the midst of my suspicions that Servilia Caepionis and/or her Caepio root was at the Trastevere theater, though perhaps she was more toward the Fiora theater. Between Caprarola and Trastevere, my atlas has a mount Sabatini, something one might expect from Jews. On the south side of Sabatini, there is a lake Baccano mentioned in the quote below from the same article that mentions a Via Cassis on the east side of this lake:

The Romans dominated the whole area during the republican era, and repopulated it with peoples transferred from the Campania Region: from Capua, it seems, came a people devoted to the god Bacco, who in turn became the most beloved of the Greco-Roman gods in these parts. It is from a temple to Bacco that the place-name Baccano derives.

That's a very nice surprise because I expect Caiaphas from Capua elements. Bacco reflects mythical Bacchus = DioNYSUS, friend of the Satyrs. DioNYSUS' name traces without doubt (because he was also Zagrius) to ancient Nuzi (near the Zagros) in the Assyrian land at the two Zab rivers...which some say were named something like "Sabatini." There happens to be a Sabato river in Avellino province, and therefore near Capua. It looks like we are tracing ancient Assyrians of downtown / bedrock Assyria to Rome but through Avellino. The Sabato is a tributary of the Calore Irpino, named as per the Hirpini, suspect with the Apollo wolf line. One can keep mythical Avalon in mind here as it may pertain to the Trastevere Jews, which likely involves CAMPbells and MacArthurs.

JUST FOUND! The Kyle's lived in Kyle, beside the Campbells and MacArthurs of Argyllshire, and so look at this great surprise, the Calor surname sharing the same giant bull design with the Cole's so that the ancient Calor river may trace to the namers of the Colapis! Is that a june bug I see on the backside of the Calor bull? As with Kyle's and Coles', the Calors use a coiled snake in Crest: "A sheaf of arrows entwined with a serpent." See the Sheaf-like term in a Shaw write-up, and then recall that Charos'/Claros, with a red bull, link to Shaw-related Chives'. Murpheys use "wheat sheafs."

The sheaf of arrows is a term to express arrows bunched and crossed at their middles, as are used by Eggertons/Edgertons (Loewenstein lion???) said to be from an Egerton location in Kent, where Calors were first found!! The Cales location in Campania, right! The Bless' (Blois) use bunched arrows in Crest too, and their motto looks like code for Felix's, first found in Rome. The Bless' are suspect with the Plough fleur, and while Plough's are suspect with "Peleg," note that I view Pollux (swan-son of Leda) as the Spartan Apollo (son of Leto). As the Drengot Normans got down into Capua, note the DRINKing stork in the Leto/Alitto Coat, in the colors of swan-using Lite's/Lights (and Littmans).

There is so little distance (about 20 miles) between Baccano and Rome that the Jews of Trastevere likely settled its shores, Romans permitting. One of the Zab rivers was called something like, Caprus, and the other was called, Lycos. I had found an article telling that one of them was like Caprus, but this article says that Caprus is the modern name of the Little Zab: "Caprus (Caprus) is a stream (class H - Hydrographic) in Iraq...Caprus is also known as Az Zab as Saghir...Kialvi, Lesser Zab..." The question now is whether mythical Capys, the Trojan said to have named Capua, was a Caprus liner.

The quote continues below, mentioning Caracalla's father, who married Julia Domna Bassianus of the El-Gabal priesthood:

During the Imperial period the harmony of [Martignano, on the eastern slopes of mount Sabatini] attracted numerous country houses of the Roman nobility: of particular merit is the villa the emperor, Septimus Severius, constructed on two levels and embellished with marbles, stucco, images...The villa is also the setting of the martyrdom of the Fourth Century bishop of Baccano, St Alexander.

Alexander, hum??? The Bassus family out of Akmonia married the Seleucid-Alexander-Maccabee line. The quote continues in such a way as to evoke the Drengot Normans in Capua, and what might be the Sinclair-related house of Candy/Candida that ended up in Savoy, location of Modane:

With the subsequent collapse of the Roman Empire and the invasions of the Barbarians, the countryside was abandoned and not much information is available from the area for several centuries. Only from the Middle Ages again did the area see some growth in population, and it is then listed among the grounds belonging to "massa Caesana" (one of the largest ecclesiastical patrimonies in Tuscia). The Massa possessed grounds in Furcula, Tondiliano and Martignano, and is cited in a Papal Bull of Sergius III in 905, and in two successive bulls of popes John XIX (1026) and Benedict IX (1037): through which possession is assigned to Bishop Hildebrand of SelvaCANDIDA. After being split up in the Twelfth Century, the lands of Martignano saw a castle built, and with it probably also a small village which fell into the hands of Norman families and then the Curtubraca. Throughout the Thirteenth Century, the Martignanian lands are listed as pertaining to the Curtubracas.

Of interest here is that Italian Mazza's use a version of the Pembroke Coat, both using dragons, while the Avon area of Pembroke's had started to trace well to "counts of Aventino." The Mazza write-up traces their elite to Modena, where Italian Cassans/CASSIUS' were first found. We would like to know why an Italian surname uses blue Zionist stars. Are the Cassans the namers of Via Cassis?

Candida's were first found in the same place as Capua's/Capone's. The CurtuBRACa's look named after the Bracciano location (my atlas) on the western shore of Biacchiano. They may have led to the Cours/Courts (Brittany) using besants. Or, perhaps, the Curtis', one branch of which was first found in the same place (Warwickshire) as Peirs/Peers. I don't think it's coincidental that Peirs/Pere's show a "COURier" term in the write-up's derivation (it's a garbage derivation, but useful code for their Cour/Court kin, in my opinion).

As Curtis' of Warwickshire are apparently sharing the Sheriff/SHIRReff fesse, note that English Curtis' use a "plowSHARE." The Plows/Ploughs -- honored in the plough of Peir-related Verys/Fairie's -- are the ones that linked to Dole's, highly suspect with Cours/Courts (I always view the latter from Bassianus'). The Share's/Shire's/Shere's (Carrick colors) are thus linkable to the Sheriffs/Shirreffs without doubt, but as Share's/Shire's share the black talbot with CARRICKs (share a Dionysus-suspect dancette with Curtis'), it's very apparent that these surnames trace to emperor CARACalla Bassianus, whose father we just read about in creating a villa at the Sabatini theater. The Share talbot head is used by Campions suspect from Campania, which recalls the re-settlement of Capua's Bacco elements to lake Baccano.

The Ploughs are said to own the fleur used in giant form by German Bush's/Buschs and Boschs. English Bush's use the goat and share a boar with BACONs. I wonder what mythical Bacchus was named after.

It was not my intention to drop into the German Share's/Schore's just now, but they are the ones sharing the Bosco pillar, though they call it a column. It was the Farnese surname that uses a version of the Bosco pillar, likewise calling it a column. Farnese is at Caprarola, about ten miles from mount Sabatini. Let me remind / repeat: Schere's/Scherfs are Sheriff / Share/Schore liners to George Herbert Scherff Jr., son of a Nazi, who was later the American president, George Herbert Walker Bush...adopted illegally / secretly by the Bosco bloodline, right?

Like the Share's/Schore's, German Leo's were first found in Hamburg, where Traby-suspect Trips were first found, and then a SCARF is used by Trabys/Sadowski's. As the German Norman surname was likewise first found in Hamburg, let's continue the quote above: "Authentic records reflect that Carus Curtabraca was in possession of part of the castle in 1258, and that Costanza, the widow of Pandolfo Normanni, on the death of her children, sold to Stefano and Giovanni Normanni the deed identified as Cere, Civitella and Martignano." In this picture, the Templar lamb in the Crest of Scottish Normans is expected to trace to the Arms of Grasse.

German Normans use the savage and club as evidence that they trace to the Viterbo theater. If you've ever heard of "The Club of Rome," it might just apply to the Hercules / Cacus cult. Here is the Norman description in full: "A blue shield with a savage wearing a crown and carnation of ivy, his left hand resting on his hip, and leaning on a club in his right hand, standing on a green terrace."

I trace "Warwick" to Warsaw in Masovia, which may answer to "Massa Caesana." I didn't know until moments ago that "Caesana" is a Caesar term, afterwhich the Irish Curtis Coat loaded that shares in Crest a dolphin with the Caesar Crest! The reason for viewing Caesana as a Caesar term is from this lucky online strike: "...del principale dei fundi -- il Caesianus appunto, o meno probabilmente Caesarianus -- che componevano la Massa Caesana (o Caesariana),..." I don't know what "fundi" means, but if it was supposed to have a capital, then perhaps it pertains to Fondi, a location south of Rome that involved the Drengot Normans.

I traced Fondi to Piscinas on Sardinia, beside Seleucid-based Sulcis, and so let's show the three red fesse bars of English Normans, for Fountains likewise use three red fesse bars. As the Cass' use "fountains," perhaps they too trace to Caesana elements.

I am becoming sure of what's being found at the Sabatini theater: the Maccabees from the Cavii theater's Has and Mathis regions. Modern Has is beside Krume, and then German Krume's were likewise first found in Hamburg.

Next up, the Bracks were loaded checking for links to "Bracciano" and/or Curtabraca's. It found German Bracks (Bavaria) in Carrick colors and using the Carrick talbot in brown. English Bracks/Brechs/Britch's (Shropshire) use a brown antelope of the design used by Chimneys (who traced to Cabrarola).

The article then goes on to say that the estate owned by the Normanni was sold in-part to a Mr. Chirico (Carricks?). There is a Chirico/Chiricella surname (Calabria) sharing three crowns of the same design of dancette-using Curtis'. I had traced Craigs (Carrick ancestors) to ACRAGus = Agrigento (where Cabrera's were first found), founded by the Gela area of Sicily, not far from Calabria. The latter traces to (C)Halybes, the peoples to which Dionysus likely belonged. Acragus was traced to "Creusa," because she was said to be stationed there prior to founding some aspect of the Romans, but it's interesting that "Chirico" is like mythical Circe, known to have been a witch cult somewhere off the western Italian coast. I ventured to trace her to a location (Ajaccio) in Corsica, perhaps the origin of Cours/Courts. That works.

Trying to figure where Satyrs trace in Anatolia is not simple unless you see them for the most part as Hermes' son, which gets them to the Hermus river of Lydia, and then Lydia's capital along that river, Sardis, traces to Sardinia, beside Corsica. The mythical pairing of Satyrs with Maenads can get them to the Maeonians (co-founders of Lydians), and therefore to Bacchus. If correct to trace "Satyr" to "Keturah," then it's interesting that her line through Medan went to mythical Medea (witch) in CIRCasia. Medea's father, Aeetes (Circe's brother), was play on Attis, father of Lydians. Circe was traced to Ajaccio because it looks like "Aia," where AEETes ruled. There may also have been reason to trace Circe's prisoner (Odysseus) to mythical Ajax.

By the way, as Aia is said to have been Kutaisi, it's notable that the Arms of Kutaisi are like the Templar cross of Jerusalem.

The Keturah line through Medan also went to the Kodros > Medon line, while Kodros was given another son, a founder of Ephesus, location of PANdareus. That says plenty on tracing Satyrs and Keturah together to Ephesus, but Pandareus was made a son of Merops on Kos, a good way to trace Satyrs to Edom's Kos cult, and therefore possibly to the Dionysus-suspect Horites and Satyr-suspect Seir-ians.

Sardis was also called Hyde, wherefore I'm asking whether Ida/Itte of Metz traced from Hyde to the Hyde/Itte surname. As Ida was a daughter of Pepin of Landen, it's notable that Land(er)s are using PALE bars in green and white while Sitters/SIDEwells are using PALE bars in green and gold. Pale's share the camel with Pepins and Lett-beloved Pipe's while Letts are suspect from Leto-Lydians at the Ephesus theater. English Lands use the gyronny of Campbells/CAMMELS. It makes the Gamala bloodline suspect through Campania.

The Sitters/Sidewells are traced to Ida, king of Northumbrians, where Ida of Metz was suspect. Sitters/Sidewells look like they use the lion of Sitlers/SCHITners and Sutys. The Silesia location of Sitlers was traced to Sulcis in Sardinia, suspect with an important Seleucid-Maccabee line, and then the rooster-suspect with Maccabees from Gamala, may be in the Land Coat. There is an argument here for tracing the rooster-using Maccabees to Gallura in northern Sardinia, at the coast of Corsica.

The first Maccabee ruler of Gamala traces well to the Jonathan/JONAS surname using roosters in the colors of the Land roosters. Both surnames use two roosters. If Lands connect with Pepin of Landen, the Pepin camel is thereby expected to be of Gamala's Maccabees. The Welsh JONAS'/Jones' use a lion with blood drops, a symbol of camel-using Pattersons/Cassane's (another black lion). It's now good to know that Pattersons trace to the Kupa, for "Colapis" traces to Colchester = CAMULOdunum.

The Suty motto term, "Nothing," is code for Nothings/Northings because the latter share the green Seaton dragon. The shortened Nothing/Northern chevron is said to be "voided," but as there is no Void surname, Boids were loaded to find the Boyds, which checks like the Marks suspect from the Marici, co-founders of Pavia/Papia (i.e. suspect with Pepins). The Voirs/Voyers, using the same lion as Norths and DeNORDI's/Narbonne's, and looking like their name can link to Boyds / Boyers, use a St. Mark's lion in Crest.

The Boid/Boyd motto, "Confido," is used by Parrys who in-turn use a hind with a "pear tree sprig." The Spriggs look like they're using a PALE-bar version of the Maness/Manner Coat, with red Mens Chief. That works, and there is a question of whether Hinds are a branch of Hyde's/Itte's, both using three lozenges on blue Shields. The Parrys likely trace to the parrots of Peeble's, from a place suspect with "Pavia." The parrot-using Pettys have a branch using the elephant while Voirs are in the Oliphant motto. The Oliphant motto also uses "tout" while Vode's/Woods use a "Tutus" motto term, suggesting that the VOIDed chevron is code for Vode's/Woods, kin of Voirs (Brittany) and Stewart-related Boids/Boyds. Vode's/Woods are suspect with the Guido's and Panico's (share oak tree with both Vode surnames).

If you missed it, the above traces Sitters/Sidewells, Side's, Sutys, and Seatons/Sittens to the Setta valley, home of Panico's, all expected at Sion.

The Nothings/Northings are suspect with the Nitts/Naughts/Notts because the Geds > Geddes of that river are suspect with the Gate's while Seatons, who share a "hazard" motto term with "nothing"-using Sutys, have a "yet" motto term suspect with the gate-using Yate's. That's a good way to trace Setta liners to Kilpatricks...who had/have a castle on the Nith. The Nitts/Naughts are the ones using a Shield with an eSCUTcheon, symbol of Schutz' and similar lines, in the colors of the same of Saddocks. One can thereby trace Sadducee liners to the Setta, as expected.

The "have" motto term of Sutys must be for the Have's/Haffs (ducks), linkable to Halfs/Helps sharing what I call an hourglass Shield, and a red lion, with Guido's. The Half/Help Coat shows gold fitchees, the color of the Quint fitchee, as well as what could be construed as a version of the Arms of Haifa and the Chappes Coat. I've not known until now that the Helps are a branch of Kelps (share blue-on-white chevron, sort-of, with Halfs/Helps) from a Colp location in Aberdeenshire. The Kelps are listed with the Cope's/Colps...from the Colapis river, right? The blue-on-white colors of these Coats are in the colors of the Cappeo lion in emailer Patterson's vision, right? But Who's message was it, really, and why?

As the Copps use a version of the Kelp/Cope's Coat, its notable that the Copp fleur are in the colors of the same of Benjamite- and Benedict-suspect Bonnie's/Bonnets (white martlet), said to be from CALVados. Calvins were first found in the same place (Devon) as Chives', though the latter had a branch in Aberdeenshire, wherefore you can bet on linking to Colp, a potential method of tracing the namers of Colapis and Goplo to "Calvados." French Calvins/Cauvains (share the Meschin scallops) are said to be from Cauville in the Falaise area of Calvados, and share black-on-white martlets with Glenns, thus making these lines traceable to the Glina tributary of the Colapis/Kupa. The Calvins/Cauvains even use the Shield-and-Chief color combination of Tanners, proving that Tanners are from "the tanner" of Falaise.


Especially for new or confused readers
shows where I'm coming from.

For serious investigators:
How to Work with Bloodline Topics

Here's what I did when I had spare time on my hands:
Ladon Gog and the Hebrew Rose

On this page, you will find evidence enough that NASA did not put men on the moon.
Starting at this paragraph, there is a single piece of evidence
-- the almost-invisible dot that no one on the outside was supposed to find --
that is enough in itself to prove the hoax.
End-times false signs and wonders may have to do with staged productions like the lunar landing.

If you have received emails supposedly from me, and they look like advertisements
or anything unflattering and unexpected from me,
they were not from me but by someone using my email box to send it.

The rest of the Gog-in-Iraq story is in PART 2 of the
Table of Contents

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